Skip to main content

Full text of "the public records of the state of connecticut"

See other formats


Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on Hbrary shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/| 



IP^ %A5J s^pii r) 




'^^BRA^^^ 



Hosted by 



Google 



Hosted by 



Google 



Hosted by 



Google 



PUBLIC EECOEDS 



STATE OF CPNNEGTICTJT, 

From October, 1776, to February, 1778, inelnBive, 



WITH THE hOCTENAL Or THE COUNCIL OP SAFETY FROM OCTOBER 11, 1T76, 
TO MAY 6, 1778, IKCL0SIVB, 



A.i<r JL IT E isT TD I :x: . 




PUBLISHED IK AOCOBDANOE WITH A BE80LUTION OF THE GESIEKAL 

Bt CHARLES J. HOADLV, LL.D., 



HARTFORD : 

Pkesb of The Case, Lockwood & BnAiNAitD Company. 

1894. 



Hosted by 



Google 



F 
i/.V 



Hosted by 



Google 



PREFACE. 

Upcn the motion of the ConnectiLut SuriPt^ Sons of the American 
Revolution the General A-sembly passed the following resolution authorizing 
the publication of State Records 

Reuhel hy this Assembly That Chdiles J Hoaily ot Hartford be 
authorized to continue the publication of state lecotds, together with the 
journal af the Council of Satotv and any other state documents or other 
official papers connected with the history of Connecticut from 1776 to 1 789, 
ini lusive and the secretarj of state la hereby requested to furnish all 
needed assistance and co opeiation for the speedy completion of the work. 

Approved, February 23 1893 

It was time that om tl nj, h li be done, for the first volume of the 
State Records and the fi st In f the Journal of the Council of Safety 
are in bad condit n som ot the lea being loose, frayed, and broten. 
Fortunately it has been pos 1 le t esto e the text in every instance where 
the record is defective through age and wear. 

This publication contains about one half of the first manuscript volume 
of the Records of the State of Conneclicul, and all of the first volume of the 
Journal of the Council of Safety which was not printed in the fifteenth 
volume of Colonial Records of Conneclieuf. 

The journal of the Governor and Council, as distinguished from that of 
the Council of Safety, is supposed to be lost. Entries of the appointment of 
two sheriffs by them are printed on pages 81 and 153. 

It is not known that the journals either of the Upper or of the Lower 
House of the General Assembly for the period covered by this volume are 
in existence. 

As the public records of the State continued to be kept by the same 
Secretary, so they Were kept in the same manner as those of the Colony had 
been. Bach of the manuscript volumes of the Colonial records is paged con- 



Hosted by 



Google 



IV PREFACE. 

tinuoualy from its beginning to its end, while in the State records each 
session has its own pagination. In this publication I have not thought it 
necessary to indicate the pages of the manuscript record, as was done in 
printing the Colonial records. 

I have not closely followed capitahaation or punctuation : neither did 
the Secretary do so in making up his records from the originals. I have not 
regarded it desirable to reproduce abbreviations in every case where they 
occurred, but have made none which was not in the MSS. In some few 
instances I have ventured to correct a mis-spelled word. 

In the Appendix to this volume may he found the Journals of the Con- 
ventions held at Providence, at Springfield, and at New Haven. The 
Journals of the Providence and of the New Haven Conventions are from the 
Rhode Island archives, and I am not aware that they have before appeared 
in print. The Journal of the Springfield Convention is from our own 
archives. It had already been printed, from another copy, in Calendar of 
Nma York Historical Manuscripts. Revolutionary Papers, ii, 281. 

The whole test of this volume was transcribed for the printer by my 
own hand. The index was made by Mr. James W. Thompson of the Secre- 
tary's office, who has also assisted in reading the proof. 

Haktfoeb, August I, 1894. C. J. H. 



Hosted by 



Google 



THE PUBLIC KEC0ED8 



STATE OF CONNECTICUT. 



At a General Assembly op the Governor and Compant of the 
State op Connecticut in New England in America, holden 
AT New Haven on the second Thursday op October, being 

THE TENTH DAT OP SAID MONTH, AND CONTINUED BY SEVERAL 
ADJOURNMENTS TO THE SEVENTH DAY OF NOVEMBER FOLLOWING, 

ANNOQUB Domini, 1776. 

Present : 
The Hon"'^ Jonathan Trumbull, Esq', Governor. 
The Hon''" Mathew Griswold, Esq', Deputy Crovemor. 
Jabez Hamlin, Esq', 
Elisha Sheldon, Esq', 
Eliphalet Dyer, Esq', 
Jabez Huntinitton, Esq', I * ■ , 
William Pitkin, Esq', > ^"'»''""'- 

Roger Sherman, Eaq', 
Abraham Davenport, Esq', 
Richard Law, Esq', 

Representatives or Deputies of the Freemen of tfie several Towns are a 
follow, viz.: 

Colo.'Thomas Seymour, for Hartford, 

Mr. Samuel Lawrence, Capt. Amos Wilcox, for Symsbury. 

Mr. Neziah Bliss, Mr. John Phelps, for Hebron. 

Mr. Eenoni Olcott, for East Windsor. 

Capt. Joseph Brooks, Mr. Hez. Brainerd, for Haddam, 

;Capt.] Timothy Pearl, [Mr.] Moses^Holmes, for Willington. 
"Mr.] Ebenezer White, [Maj.] John Penfield, for Chatham. 

'Mr. Edjward Colhns, [Capt.] Ephraim [Pease,] for Enfield. 

Col. Henry Champion, Mr. John Watroua, for Colchester.] 



Hosted by 



Google 



2 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

Capt. Elizur Goodrich, Colo. Thomas Belden, for Weathersfield. 

Oapt. Isaac Pinney, Capt. Timothy * Davias, for Stafford. 

Mr. Benja. Trumbull, Mr, Setli King, for Bolton. 

Mr. Reuben Sikes, Mr. Aaron Horton, for [Somjers. 

Mr. Ebenezer Plummer, Mr. Elijah HoUister, for [Glassenbury.] 

Colo. Isaac Lee, Mr. John Treadwell, for [Farmington.] 

Mr. Titus Hosmer, Mr. John Dickinson, for Mid[dletown.] 

Mr. Daniel Brainerd, Mr. Sa[muel Huntington,] for [East Haddam,] 

[Alexander King, Capt. Abraham Granger, for Suffield.] 

Mr. lehabod Griggs, Capt, Elijah Chapman, for Tolland, 

Capt. Henry Allyn, Capt. Josiah Bissell, for Windsor. 

Mr. Samuel Bishop, Colo. Jonathan Fitch, for New Haven. 

Mr. Eliphalet Hotehkias, for Derby, 

Mr. Joseph Hopkins, Capt. Ezra Brunson, for Waterbury. 

Colo. Eliliu Chauncey, Mr, Benja. Pickett, for Durham. 

Mr. Samuel Barker, Mr. Daniel Page, for Branford, 

Mr. Nathaniel Stone, Mr. Nathaniel Ruggles, for Guilford. 

Mr. Ephraim Strong, Mr. Isaac Miles, for Milford. 

Capt. EHakim Hall, Mr. Samuel Beach, for Wallingford. 

Mr. Nathaniel Shaw, jun% Maj'' William Hillhouse, for New London. 

Mr. Benja. Huntington, Mr, Rufus Lathrop, for Norwich. 

Mr. Park Avery, Mr. John Hurlbutt, for Groton, 

Mr. Hezekiah Lane, Capt. Samuel Gale, for Killingworth. 

Capt. William Witter, Capt. Asa Kinne, for Preston. 

Capt. Daniel Fish, Mr. Joshua Prentice, for Stonington. 

Mr. Samuel Field, [Capt.] Benja. Williams, for Saybrook, 

Mr. John Lay] 2d, [Mr. Marshfield] Parsons, for Lyme. 

Mr. Jonathan] Sturges, [Mr, Thaddeus] Burr, for Fairfield. 

Capt,] Robert FaircMld, [Capt.] Daniel Judson, for Stratford. 

Mr. James] Potter, [Capt. Dan Towner, for New Fairfield.] 

Jr. Samuel f Sanford jun% Mr. Stephen Betts jun% for Reading. 
Mr. Benjamin Weed, Mr. John Davenport, for Stamford. 
Mr. Amos Mead, for Greenwich, 
Mr. Stephen Smith, for Ridgefield, 
Capt. Daniel Taylor, for Danbury. 

for Newtown. 
Capt. Jabez Huntington, Capt. Ebenezer Mosely, for Windham. 
Mr. John Clark, Capt. Joshua West, for Lebanon. 
Mr. Elisha Perkins, Mr. Joshua Dunlap, for Plainfield. ^ 

Mr. Thomas Williams, Mr. Nathan Frink, for Pomfrett. 
Mr. David Payne, Mr, Bliashib Adams, for Canterbury, 
Capt. Timothy Perrin, for Woodstock, 

Mr. Constant Southworth, Mr, Edmund Freeman, for Mansfield. 
Mr. Simon Learned, Mr. Benja. Leavinze, for Killingley. 
Mr. Robert Hunter, for Voluntown. 
Capt. Ebenezer Kingsbury, Mr. Abraham Bui'nap, for Coventry. 



Hosted by 



Google 



,1776,] OP CONNECTICUT. 3 

Oapt. Benja, Clark, Capt. Elisha Wales, for Aahford. 
'- Mr. Jedidiah Strong, Mr. Andrew Adama, for Litchfield. 

Mr. Daniel Sherman, Oapt. Increase Mosely, for Woodbury. 

Colo, Joshua Porter, Capt. Abiel Camp, for Salisbury. 

Capt. Mathew Gillett, [Capt. Isaac Kellogg, for New] Hartford. 

Mr. Ephraim Bancroft, Capt. Shubael Griswold, for Torrington. 

Colo, Ebenezer Norton, Mr. David Thomson, for Goshen. 

Capt. Jethro Hatch, Capt. Justus Sackett, for Kent. 

Capt. Sherman Boardman, Mr. Abel Hine, for New Milford. 

Maj' Ebenezer Gay, Mr. James Pardy, for Sharon. 

Capt, Thomas Porter, Mr. Judah Kellogg, for Cornwall. 

Capt. John Watson, Mr. Asahel Bebee, for Canaan. 

Mr. Phineas Kingsbury, Mr. Joseph Wilder, for Hartland. 

Capt. John Willaon, Mr. Josiah Phelps, for Harwington. 

Colo. Zebulon Butler, Colo. Nathan Denison, for Westmoreland. 

Titus Hosmer, Esq', Speaker, i of the House of Eepre- 

Benjarain Huntington, Esq', Clerk, \ sentatives.* 

Whereas George the third, King of Great Britain, hath unjustly 
levied war against this and the other united States of America, de- 
clared them out of his protection, and abdicated the government of 
this State, whereby the good people of this State are absolved from 
their allegiance and subjection to the crown of Great Britain : And 
whereas the Representatives of the said United States in General 
Congress assembled have published and declared that these United 
States are and of right ought to be free and independent States, and 
that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown : 

Retolved by this Assemhli/, That they approve of the Declaration 
of Independence published by said Congress, and that this Colony is 
and of right ought to be a free and independent State, and the in- 
habitants thereof are absolved from all allegiance to the British 
Crown, and all political connections between <£em and the King of 
Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved. 

And be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court antembled, and by the authority of the same. That the 
form of civil government in this State shall continue to be as estab- 
lished by Charter received from Charles the second, King of Eng- 
land, so far as an adherence to the same will be consistent with an 
absolute independence of this State on the Crown of Great Britain ; 
and that all officers, civil and military, heretofore appointed by this 
State continue in the execution of their several offices, and the laws 
of thisState shall continue in force untill otherwise ordered: And 

*In addition to the names on the record, the following gentlemen mere returned 
aa having been elected; Col, John Pitkin, for Hartford; Col, Erastua Wolcott, for 
East Windsor; Capt. John Holbrook, for Derby; Col. John Mead, tor Greenwich; 
Mr. Samuel Olmsted, for Ridgefleld; Capt. [Comfort Hoyt. for Daobury; Major 
Bamne) McLellan, for Woodstock; Major James Gordon, for Voluntown. Roll in 
Beti. War. iv, 887. 



Hosted by 



Google 



4 PUBLICRECORDS ' [October, 

that for the future all writs and processes in law or equity shall issue 
in the name of the Governor and Company of the State of Connecti- 
cut ; and that in all summonses, attachments, and other processes 
before any assistant or justice of the peace, the words, One of hi» 
Majetty's justices of the peace be omitted, and that instead thereof be 
inaerted Juxtiee of the peace ; and that no writ or process shall have 
or bear any date save the year of our Lord Christ only ; any law, 
usage or custom to the contrary notwithstandbig. And that the act 
in alteration of an act prescribing forms of writs, processes &c. be 
repealed, and the same is hereby repealed. 

An Act for the Punishment of High Treason and other atrocioua Crimea against 
the State. 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court a»»embled, and by the authority of the same. That if 
any person or persons belonging to or residing within this State and 
under the protection of its laws shall levy war against the State or gov- 
ernment thereof, or knowingly and willingly shall aid or assist any ene- 
mies at open war against this State, or the United States of America, by 
joining their armies orby inlisting or procuring or perswading others to 
inlist for that purpose, or by furnishing such enemies with arms, or 
ammunition, provision or any other articles for their aid or comfort, 
or by carrying on a treacherous correspondence with them, or shall 
form or be any way concerned in forming any combination, plott, or 
conspiracy for betraying this State or of the United States into the 
hands or power of any foreign enemy, or shall give or attempt to give 
or send any intelligence to the enemies of this State for that purpose, 
every person so offending and being thereof convicted shall suffer 
death. 

And he it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That if any 
person or persons shall endeavour to join the enemies of this State or 
of the United States, or use their influence to perswade or induce 
any person or persons to join, aid, comfort or assist them in any way 
or manner whatsoever, or shall have knowledge of any person or per- 
sons endeavouring or using their influence aforesaid, and shall con- 
ceal the same, shall be punished by fine according to the nature of 
his offence, and shall be imprisoned at the judgment of the superior 
court, in any of the goals in this State, not exceeding ten j'ears. 

An Act for prescribing and eivjointt^ an Oath of Fidelity to the State. 
Whereas the King of Great Britain hath abdicated the govern- 
ment of this and the other United States of America by putting them 
out of his protection, and unjustly levying war against them, and the 
said United States by their representatives in General Congress as- 
sembled, by a Declaration bearing date the fourth day of July, one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, for the reasons therein men- 
tioned aolemnlv declared that the united Colonies of North America 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 6 

are and of right ought to be free and independent States, and that 
they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that 
all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain 
is and ought to be totally dissolved ; which Declaration is approved 
by this Assembly : Wherefore it is expedient, for the security of this 
State, that an oath of fidelity be taken by the freemen and officers 
thereof : 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the avthority of the same, That all the 
members of the General Assembly and other ofiicers civil and mili- 
tary, and freemen within the State of Connecticut, shall take the fol- 
lowing oath, viz : You A. B. do swear by the ever-living God that 
you will truly and faithfully adhere to and maintain the government 
established in this State under the authority of the people, agreeable 
to the laws in force within the same ; and that you believe in your 
conscience that the King of Great Britain hath not, nor of right 
ought to have, any authority or dominion in or over this State ; and 
that you do not hold yourself bound to yield any allegiance or obe- 
dience to him within the same ; and that you will, to the utmost of 
your power, maintain and defend the freedom, independence, and privi- 
leges of this State against ail open enemies or traitorous conspiracies 
whatsoever : So help you God. And no person shall have authority 
to execute any of the offices aforesaid after the first day of January 
next untill he hath taken said oath ; and all persons who hereafter 
shall be appointed to any of said offices shall take said oath before 
they enter on the execution of their offices. And no freeman within 
this State shall be allowed to vote in the election of any of the offi- 
cers of government untill he hath taken the aforesaid oath in the 
open freeman's meeting in the town where he dwells ; and the names 
of all the freemen who take said oath shall be inrolled by the town 
clerk in the records of the town ; which oath shall be administered 
by a magistrate or justice of the peace. 

An Aot for eupportlne the Credit aad Currency of the Bills of Credit emitted and 

made current bvttie Oonereaa of the united Statea of lAEoerlca, 

faad the BlUs of pubUo Credit of this State, 

"Se it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That the 
bills of credit emitted and made current by the authority of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of this State, and those emitted by the United States of 
America, shall be a legal tender as money in all payments within this 
State. 

And, whereas, some evil-minded persons, inimical to the liberties 
of the United States of America, have endeavoured to depreciate the 
bills of credit of this and the said United States : Which to prevent. 

Be it further enacted by the authonty aforesaid, That if any persiOH 
within this State shall attempt to depreciate or undervalue any of ^iie 
bills of credit aforesaid by offering, demanding or receiving more in any 



Hosted by 



Google 



6 PUBLIC RECORDS [Octol.er, 

of said bills in exchange for Spanish milled dollars, or other coins of 
gold or silver, or bullion, than the nominal value or amount thereof as 
stated in said bills, computing a Spanish milled dollar at six shillings 
lawful! money, and other coins of gold or silver and bullion at the 
value in proportion to dollars at which they pass in this State, or at 
which they are or may be fixed by the Assembly of the United States 
in Congress, or by offering, demanding or receiving, directly or indi- 
rectly, a greater sum in any of said bills for any houses, lands, goods 
or commodities whatsoever, than thg same could be purchased at of 
the same person or persona in gold or silver money ; or whoever shall 
Bell or offer to sell house, land or any kind of commodity for hard 
money, and shall refuse to sell and dispose of the same for any of said 
bills, every person so offending shall forfeit the full value of the 
money so exchanged or the houses, land, goods or commodities so sold 
or offered to sale, one-half to the public treasury of this State, if the 
conviction be before the superior court, or to the county treasury if 
before the county court, or to the treasury of the town where the 
offence is committed if the conviction be before an Assistant or justice 
of the peace, and the other half to any person who shall sue for and 
prosecute the same to effect. And all informing officers are hereby 
■directed to take notice of and make presentment of all breaches of 
this act. 

An Act in Addition to an Act entituled An Act ^raJnst counterfeitlnfr BiUa of 

-pubUc Credit, Coins or Currenciea, and emitting and passing BUIa or Nolies on 

^private Credit and to prevent Injustice in passlnglcounterfeit Bills, 

Whereas it is of the greatest jimportance to the United States of 
America and the trade and commerce of the same, that the bills of 
■credit emitted or that may be emitted by order of the Continental 
■Congress, and also the bills or notes of the Continental Loan Offices, 
iihat have been or may be issued therefrom in the several States by 
authority of Congress should be secured from counterfeiting or 
forgery : 

Be it therefore enacted by the Governor, Council and Representa- 
tives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. 
That whosoever shall presume to forge, counterfeit or alter any of the 
bills of credit emitted, or that shall be emitted, by the Honorable Con- 
tinental Congress, or of the bills or notes issued, or that shall be is- 
sued, from any or either of the Continental Loan Offices established, 
or that shall be established, within this or any other of the United 
States of America, by the order and authority of the Continental Con- 
gress, or shall alter and put off any such forged, altered or counter- 
feit bill or bills, note or notes, or that shall council, advise, procure, 
or any ways assist in the forging, counterfeiting, imprinting, stamping, 
altering, or signing of any false, forged and counterfeit bill or bills, 
note or notes, knowing them to be such, or that shall engrave any 
plate or make any instrument to be used for any of the purposes afore- 
said, and shall be convicted of any or either of said crimes before the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 7 

superior court, such person or persons so offending shall suffer the 
eame pains and penalties that are by law already annexed to the 
crime of counterfeiting the bills of credit of this and the other States 
or Colonies on this continent. 

An Act for malciiig tlie Town of wreHtmorBland. In tlila Colony a, distinct County. 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
Q-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That the 
town of Westmoreland, lying on the west side of the River Delaware 
in this Colony, shall be a distinct county, and to be called the County 
of Westmoreland, and shall have and esercise the same powers, privi- 
■ leges and authorities, and be subject to the same regulations, as the 
other counties in this State by law have and are subject unto, except 
in the cases limited by this act. 

That there shall be annually held in and for said county two 
county courts, one on the last Tuesday of March and the other on the 
second Tuesday of November. That said court shall have cognizance 
of all criminal matters not extending to life. That for the tryal of 
criminal caaes extending to life, the superior court shall be held in 
said county at such times as shall be specially ordered by the chief 
judge of said court ; which court when sitting may also hear and de- 
termine any other criminal eases by law cognizable before said court. 
That the judgments of the county court in said county shall be final 
in all civil cases, from which no appeal shall be allowed : but errors 
in law in any of the judgments of said county court may be corrected 
. by the superior court on writ of error, which may be brought to the 
superior court either in the county of Fairfield or Litchfield, in which 
ca9e the superior court shall proceed to final judgment as has been 
usual in other cases of like nature. That no inhabitant of said county 
of Westmoreland shall be liable to be sued or called to answer in any 
civil action before any county court, assistant or justice of the peace 
in any other county in this Colony ; nor shall any person dwelling in 
any of the other counties be liable to be sued or called to answer in 
any civil action in said county of Westmoreland. 

Provided, That nothing in this act shall prevent any action being 
brought in the county where the plaintiff, when the defendant is 
present and his person arrested in said county, or being an absconding 
debtor hath estate or an agent, factor or trustee in the county where 
the plaintiff dwells. 

Provided also. That no criminals shall be sent from said county 
of Westmoreland for punishment or confinement to New-Gate Prison 
in the county of Hartford, but another prison shall be erected in said 
county of Westmoreland instead thereof. 



Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, 'in 
Q-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That the 



Hosted by 



Google 



8 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

civil authority, selectmen and committees of iaapection, within the 
several towns in this State shall have power to confine within certain 
limits or remove all such persons within their respective towns as 
they shall upon due enquiry and examination judge to be inimical and 
dangerous to the United States, at the cost of such persons ; and that 
his Honor the Governor and Council of Safety shall determine the 
place or places of confinement of all such inimical persons that are 
or shall be removed as aforesaid, and give orders for their govern- 
ment and support, and of a suitable guard if necessary, and to do 
everything necessary and proper for their security and good behaviour ; 
and the officers fees and witnesses cost arising on such prosecution, con- 
finement and removal, shall be taxed by any of said civil authority . 
and execution be granted therefor by said authority when occasion 
may require. 

And it is further enacted hy the authority aforesaid. That the com- 
mittee appointed to take care of prisoners are impowered and directed 
to apply to the civil authority and selectmen, to call out proper guards 
■when needed for the security of such prisoners, and to punish such 
guards for neglect on duty, agreeable to the law in such case made ; 
and the committees of the respective towns where such inimical per- 
sons shall be ordered by his Honor the Governor and his Committee 
aforesaid shall be liitewise empowered to call out proper guards by 
applying as aforesaid, and shall observe such directions as the Gover- 
nor and his Council of Safety shall from time to time give therein. 

An Act for regulating' the Inspecting and Vending of Gun-Po-wder. 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the game. That there 
shall be an Inspector or Inspectors from time to time appointed by 
the General Assembly within the several counties in this State, suf- 
ficiently qualifyed to judge the goodness of gun-powder, who shall 
examine every cask of gun-powder manufactufcd within the said sev- 
eral counties to which they belong, or to be purchased on account 
and for the use of this State, by the most approved method of ascer- 
taining the quality of gun-powder ; and the said inspector or inspect- 
ors shall be sworn to a faithfuU discharge of his trust and receive 
one eighth part of a dollar in bills of credit for every hundred weight 
he or they shall so examine. That no gun-powder shall be received 
into any public magazine within this State for the use of this or of 
the United States of America, or delivered from the powder-mills 
for that purpose, but such as hath been approved of by the inspector 
or inspectors aforesaid as to its quickness in firing, strength, dryness, 
and other necessary qualities ; and that said inspector or inspectors 
^hall mark each cask approved with the letters U S A, S C. and also 
with the first letters of his or their own name, and take especial care 
that no gun-powder be put into any cask but such as are well sea- 
soned and dry. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 9 

And be it enaated by the authority aforesaid, That if any person 
or persons shall presume to vend any kind of gun-powder manufac- 
tured within this or any other of the States of America, which hath 
not been duly inspected and approved as aforesaid, and shall be 
thereof convicted before any court proper to hear and determine the 
same, shall forfeit double the value of such gun-powder, to be re- 
covered by action, bill, plaint or information; and the inspectors 
aforesaid are directed to be particularly vigilant in that respect. 

An Act in Addition to an Act for the more effectual carrying Into Sxecutlon 
the Beveral Acts relative to the Making- of Salt-Petre and Gun- 
Powder within this Colony. 

Whereas the selectmen in each town are in and by said act ap- 
pointed inspectors of salt-petre ; notwithstanding which sundry quan- 
tities of that article, either through the unskilfulness or inadvertency 
of the inspectors, have been found upon tryal when brought to the 
powder-mills to be impure and unfit for the manufacturing of good 
gun-powder, and thereby the public much injured : Which mischief 
to prevent for the future. 

Be it enacted by the Crovernor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That there 
be appointed for each powder-mill in this Colony a good and skilfull 
inspector of salt-petre, who shall be under oath and shall carefully 
reinspect all the salt-petre brought to said, respective mills, before any 
premium is paid thereon or price therefor ; and whatsoever salt-petre 
shall be found bad and impure shall be refused by said inspector, 
and the selectmen of the town from whence it came notifyed thereof 
and of the expence attending the same, which shall be deducted to- 
gether with the wastage thereon arising from the premium and price 
thereof, and the remainder paid over to the owners thereof. 

An Act to prevent Ingroasera and tor the better Supply of our Troops In the 
Army \7lth such Necessaries as may be nranted. 

Whereas many are so abandoned and lost to all the feelings of 
humanity as to prey upon the bowels of their country in this day of 
public distress and struggle by endeavouring to engross many of the 
necessary articles of life, especially of such as are more immediately 
wanted for the comfort and support of our armies, whereby much ex- 
tortion and oppression arises upon the poor and the soldiery : Which 
to prevent. 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That his 
Honor the GJovernor with the advice of his Committee of Safety, be 
and they are hereby enabled, impowered and directed, that whenever 
and whatever article or articles of necessary support for the army may 
he wanted, to impress and seize the same out of the hands of any in- 
grosser for the use aforesaid, and to have the same apprized by two 
indifferent judicious men under oath appointed for that purpose, 
which price so affixed shall ^e paid to the owner or owners thereof ; 



Hosted by 



Google 



10 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

and that suitable persona shall be appointed by his Honor the Gover- 
nor and his Committee aforesaid, to furnish and supply the army witli 
necessaries as aforesaid upon the moat reasonable terms, agreeable to 
the encouragement given by this Assembly. 



Whereas the article of Salt is much wanted in this State, and 
notwithstanding the bounty ordered by this Assembly in May last to 
all those who should make 500 bushels or more yet is found inade- 
quate properly to encourage the setting up said branch of business 
and making smaller quantities, 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That a bounty of one shilling per 
buehell upoo any lesser quantity than 500 bushelis shall be paid out 
of the public treasury upon each bushell of good salt that shall be 
made in this State before the first day of November, 1777 ; and upon 
the makers of salt producing a certificate under the hands of the 
selectmen of the town where salt was manufactured of the quantities 
BO made shall receive said bounty, and the Treasurer is hereby di- 
rected to pay the same to the respective manufacturers accordingly. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor, with the 
advice of his Council of Safety, shall be impowered and enabled, and 
he is hereby impowered and enabled, upon finding it necessary and 
expedient for the benefit of the public, to lay any further Embargo 
upon the exportation of swine, or any other article, out of this State 
as shall be thought requisite in the recess of the General Assembly 
of this State. 

Whereas it is resolved and recommended by the Honorable Conti- 
nental Congress, that a Loan Office be established in each of the 
united States of America, and that a Commissioner to superintend 
> such office be appointed by the said States, respectively, &c., and this 
Assembly judging that such loan offices may be beneficial : It is there- 
upon resolved, that John Lawrence, Esq', of Hartford, be and he is 
hereby appointed a Commissioner to superintend such loan office as 
shall be established by said Congress within this State agreeable to 
and for the purposes mentioned in their resolutions of the third of 
October instant. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Roger Sherman, Samuel Hunt- 
ington, Eliphalet Dyer,* Oliver Wolcott, Richard Law, and William 
Williams, Esq'', be and they are hereby appointed Delegates to repre- 
^ sent this State at the General Congress of the United States in Amer- 
ica for the year ensuing and untill new be chosen ; any or either of 
them who shall be present in said Congress are hereby fully author- 

• November 31, 1776, Col. Dyer sent in his resignation, alledging liisiil health 
and that of some of his family, and the state of his prirate affairs occasioned by his 
long absences. Sev. War, v, 133. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.J OF CONNECTICUT. It 

ized and impowered to represent this State in said Congress, to con- 
sult and advise and resolve upon measures necessary to be taken and 
pursued for the defence, security, and preservation of the rights and 
liberties of the said United States, and for their common safety ; 
and of such their proceedings and resolves they do transmit authen- 
tic copies from time to time to the General Assembly of this State. 

Resolved, That the Delegates appointed by this Assembly to at^ / 
tend the Congress o£ the United States of America be instructed that 
only three of tliem give constant attendance at one time at the public 
expence ; that they attend by turns, and agree between themselves as 
to the time and conveniency of each ones attendance. 

This AsBembly do appoint Colo. Thomas Seymour, Esq', one of 
the Council of Safety, in the room of Richard Law, Esq", excused. 

This Assembly do appoint Jesse Root, Esq', to be one of the Com- 
mittee of Pay-Table, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That all matters begun and entered 
upon by the Governor and his Council of Safety during the recess of 
the General Assembly, relative to our naval a^airs and the fortifying 
and defence of our sea coasts agreeable to the resolution of the As- 
sembly heretofore made, be still referred over, taken up, pursued, and 
carryed into execution, by his Honor and his said Council of Safety, 
the sessions of the Assembly notwithstanding. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That a bounty or premium of one 
shilling per pound be paid out of the public treasury of this State for 
all Salt^petre that shall be manufactured according to the laws already 
provided for manufacturing saltr-petre and nitre from the first day of 
January next and before the first day of June next. 

Whereas it ts represented to this Assembly that many of the con- 
stables heretofore chosen by the several towns in this Colony to col- 
lect the colony tax the current year are now engaged in the array, 
whereby great delay and loss may happen in that respect : Resolved 
by this Assembly, tiiat the several towns in this Colony do as soon as 
may be choose some suitable person to collect the colony tax in the 
respective towns where their former chosen collector is gone into the 
army, and make return of such collector to the Treasurer, who shall 
insert the name of such collector in the warrant to be by him. issued 
for the collecting of said tax in said respective towns, as also of any 
such constable who hath already been chosen in any of said towns 
for the reason and purpose aforesaid, who shall be accountable and 
make up and settle his account with said Treasurer according to law. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1^ PUBLIC RECoitDS [October, 

Resolved by this Aggemhly, That an Embargo be forthwith laid 
upon the exportation out of this Colony, by land or water, without a 
permit from his Honor the Governor, of the following articles, to wit: 
Wheat, rye, Indian corn, pork and salt, pease, beans, bread, flour and 
every kind of meal except necessary stores for vessels outward 
bound ; likewise all kind of cloaths, linncn and woollen, fit and suit- 
able for cloathing for the army, except such as shall be provided for 
and sent for the use of our army or navy ; and also that an embargo 
be laid upon the exportation out of this Colony by water of the fol- 
lowing articles, to wit: beef, live cattle, sheep, butter and cheese. 
Provided this act shall not extend to prevent any particular person or 
persons from carrying or sending to such soldiers in the army as may 
be under the care and special relation of such person or persons any 
necessary cloathing or provision they may want for their own use 
and consumption ; and that his Honor the Governor be and he is 
hereby desired to issue a proclamation accordingly. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That in compliance with the resolution 
of the Congress of the United States of the 16th of September last 
and of the eighth of October instant, eight battalions be immediately 
raised out of the troops belonging to this State now in the army and 
such other inhabitants of this State as will voluntarily inlist, to serve 
during the war on the generous encouragement offered by Congress; 
and as a further encouragement this Assembly will make suitable 
provision for furnishing said troops with cloathing and other neces- 
saries not provided by the Congress, on the best terms that they can 
be procured, which shall be delivered to them at prime cost and 
charges, and will also take care that the sick and wounded be well 
accommodated and provided with necessaries for their comfort and 
relief, and that a suitable person or persons be appointed to procure 
and deliver out such cloathing and other n 



Whereas this Assembly have resolved to raise eight battalions of 
troops in this State, to serve in the continental army during the pres- 
ent war, upon the wages, bounty and allowances, offered by the Hon- 
orable Continental Congress : And whereas the General Assembly of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay have added to the wages and allow- 
ances of the troops to be raised in that State for said service, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That every non- commission officer and 
soldier, inhabitants of this State, who shall inlist into the eight bat- 
talions now ordered to be raised in this State as aforesaid, shall have 
and receive from this State so much over and above the wages allowed 
and offered, or that shall be allowed and offered, by the Honorable 
Continental Congress as to make up the pay of a soldier to be three 
pounds per mon^ during said service, and the pay of the non-com- 
missioned officers in proportion thereto. 

And it is also resolved, That each non-commissioned officer and 
soldier that shall inlist into said eight battalions or either of them as 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 18 

aforesaid, shall aDHually have and receive from thia State a good 
blanket in addition to the cloathing offered and to be provided by the 
Hon"'^ the Continental Congress during the term of their service as 
aforesaid. 

Resolved by this A»gembly, That each tent ordered to be made by 
act of this Assembly in the several towns in this State shall contain 
the quantity of twenty-seven yards of cloath one yard wide, or equal 
thereto in cloth of different wedth, well manufactured of yarn not 
coarser than thirty nots to the pound. 

This Assembly do appoint John Durkey, Jedidlah Huntington, An- 
drew Ward jun., William Douglas, John Chester, Philip Burr Brad- 
ley, lieman Swift and John Douglas, Esq"', to be Colonels of the 
eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Prentice, Giles Ruasell, Solo- 
mon Wells, Obadiah Johnson, James Arnold, Thomas Hobby, John 
Chandler and Josiah Starr, to be Lieutenant Colonels of the eight 
battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Sumner, John Ely, Waterman 
Clift, Hezekiah Holdridge, David Dimon, John Ripley, Mathew Mead 
and John Bigelow, Esq''', to be Majors of .the eight battalions now 
ordered to be raised in this State. 

Captains. 

This Assembly do appoint Noah Phelps, Hezekiah Parsons, Elijah 
Robinson, Abner Pryor, Amasa Mills, John Isham, Jonathan Johnson, 
Elipbalet Holmes, Ichabod Norton, John Harmon, Jonathan Wells, 
Chester Wells, Jonathan Parker, Simon Wolcott, Abraham Tyler and 
Edward Eells, to be Captains in the eight battalions now ordered to 
be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Edward Russell, Jonas Prentice, Na- 
thaniel Bunnell, William Hull, Peter Perrit, Eli Leavenworth, Stephen 
Hall and David Smith, to be Captains in the eight battalions now 
ordei'ed to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint David Fithin Sill, Christopher Darrow 
jun'., Jedidiah Hide, Abel Spicer, Christopher Ely, William Belcher, 
Aaron Stephens, Edward Shipman, Richard Deshon, Ebenezer Brewster 
and Ebenezer Huntington, to be Captains in the eight battalions now 
ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Walker, Elijah Abel, Samuel 
Keeler, Joseph Halt, Silva,nu8 Brown, Noble Benedict, Phineas 
Beardsley, Jabez Botsford, Ezekiel Sanford and Albert Chapman, to 
be Captains in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this 
State. 

This Assembly do appoint Thomas Grosvenor, John Kyes, James 
Clark, James Dana, Benoni Cutler, Vine Elderkin, Wells Cleft, 



Hosted by 



Google 



14 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

Stephen Brown, Daniel Allen and Daniel Tllden, to be Captains in 
the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathaniel Tuttle, Isaac Bostwick, Abra- 
ham Bradley, Simeon Smith, Edward Rogers, Jesse Kimball, Solo- 
mon Strong, Bezaleel Bebee and Theodore Woodbridge, to be Captains 
in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

First Lieutenants. 

This Assembly do appoint Edward Bulkley, John Barnard, Eli- 
phalet Chamberlin, Henry Champion jun., Marcus Cole, George Gris- 
wold jun., Thomas Hollister jun., Isaac Spencer, Ambrose Sloper, 
David McCluer, Thomas Abby, Ichabod Hinckley, Samuel Carver, 
Stephen Palmer, Samuel Granger and Ebenezer Wright, to be First 
. Lieutenants in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this 
State. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Mansfield, Israel Potter, Nathan 
Parsons, Michael Brunson, Ephraim Chamberlin, Gilbert Dudley, 
Samuel Barker jun., and Samuel Baldwin jun, to be First Lieutenants 
in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint David Nevins, Edward Hallam, Thomaa 
Avery, Jonathan Palmer, Caleb Baldwin, Eliaha Lee, Simeon Hunt- 
ington, William Adams, Jacob Dewit, Oliver Babcock, and Beriah 
Bill, to be First Lieutenants in the eight battalions now ordered to be 
raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Lewiss, Josiah Lacy, Joseph A. 
Wright, Joseph Webb jun., John Jones, Lemuel Benedict, William 
Hawley, James Betts, Silvanus Mead and William Green, to be First 
Lieutenants in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this 
State. 

This Assembly do appoint John McGregor, John Shumway, Abner 
Bacon. William Frizel, James Sprague, Josiah Child, Elias Weld, Jo- 
seph Talcott, Abner Robinson and Andrew Fitch, to be First Lieuten- 
ants in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Peter Mills, Thomas Converse, Jesse 
Cook, Nathan Stoddard, Asahel Hodge, Elisha Bostwick, Meazer Clag- 
horn, John Rockwell and Obadiah Gore jun^., to be First Lieutenants 
in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

Second Lieutenants. 

This Assembly do appoint Roger Hooker, Edward Payne, Joseph 
Booth jun., Simeon Newell, Thomas Haydon, Ezekiel P. Belding, 
Abraham Wright, Aaron Hale, Jonathan Humphry jun., Peleg Heath, 
Samuel Hazard jun,, David Starr, Ehjah Chapman, Silas Blodgett, 
Samuel Felt jun'. and Jonathan Hart, to be Second Lieutenants in the 
eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Charles Norton, Amos Fowler, Ambrose 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 15 

Hine, Ebenezer Fowler jun., -Stephen Potter, William Clark, Nathaniel 
Edwards and Elias Stillweil, to be Second Lieutenants in the, eight 
battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Blackleach, Ebenezer Banks, 
Thaddeua Weed, Henry Warring, John St. John, James Hughs, Jud- 
8on Whiting, Reuben Sceovel,* Samuel Hoit and James Bams, to be 
Second Lieutenants in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised 
in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Enoch Reid, William Richards, Park . 
Avery jun., Nathaniel Bishop, Moses Dudley jun., Daniel Collins, 
William Raymond, Ezra Selden jun., Henry Hill, Ebenezer Perkins 
and Joshua Tracy, to be Second Lieutenants in the eight battalions 
now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Knowlton, Josiah Fuller, Joseph 
Eirge, Sanford Kingsbury, Joshua Bottom, Ebenezer West, Paul 
Brigham, Silvanus Perry, Samuel Campbell and Benjamin Durkee, 
to be Second Lieutenants in the eight battalions now ordered to be 
raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Noah Judson, John Holenbeck, Reuben 
Calking, Ebenezer Hill, John Jenkins jun., Josiah Stoddard, Jesse 
Grant, Samuel Stone Butler and Samuel Pettibone, to be Second 
Lieutenants in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this 
State. 

This Assembly do appoint Elijah Ransom, Samuel Richards, 
Elisha Bruster jr., Simeon Belding, Powningf Deming, Josiah 
Blakesley, Benjamin Holcomb, Simon Gains, John Buell, Orlando 
Mack, Benjamin Henshaw jr., Bildad Granger, Titus Bunnell, 
David Spencer, Samuel Smith and Phineas Grover, to be Ensigns in the 
eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Odell, Jeremiah Beard Eells, 
Gideon Waterbury, Thomas Hobby jun., Ebenezer Olmsted, Ben- 
jamin Hecock, Timothy Taylor, Clement Botsford, James Behee and 
Stephen Betts, to be Ensigns in the eight battalions now ordered to be 
raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint William Smith, David Dudley 3*", 
Joseph Shaylor, Joseph Beach jun'., John Mansfield, David Hitchcock, 
Edward Riggs and Timothy White, to be Ensigns in the eight battalions 
now ordered to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Obadiah Child, Ichabod Bosworth, 
Joseph Hull,J Lemuel Grosvenor, Lemuel Cleft, Ebenezer Wales, 
Jonathan Nichols, Simon House, David Dorrance and John Alden, to 
be Ensigns in the eight battalions now ordered to be raised in this 
State. 

* Sfhojield as originally pnssed. 
fprransl, as originallv passed. 
JHale, Ben. War, iv. "348, S.53. 



Hosted by 



Google 



16 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Wait, Daniel Billings, John 
Duikee j^n^, Jabez Smith jun'., David Bill, Asa Story, Richard Douglas, 
Benoni Shipman, Charles Fanning, Thomas Updike Fosdick and 
Reuben Clark, to be Ensigns in the eight battalions now ordered to be 
raised in tJiis State. 

This Assembly do appoint David Goff, Elihu Smith, Salmon Agard, 
Zerah Beach, Alexander Waugh, Israel Jonea jun'., Charles Goodwin, 
Asa Branson and John Jameson, to be Ensigns in the eight battal- 
ions now ordered to be raised in this State. 

Renolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor and Coun- 
cil of Safety do and they are hereby impowered and directed to 
appoint all the Staff Officers of the eight battalions now to be raised 
within this State, and also from time to time to fill up all such offices 
as may become vacant in said battalions, either of commission or of 
the staff, by reason of refusal or otherwise, during the recess of this 
Assembly ; and aJao to appoint pay-masters to the several regiments 
now to be raised within this State. 

Whereas the Sea Port Towns in this State adjoining to the Sound 
are greatly exposed to the incursions of the enemy in their present 
situation : Resolved by this Assembly, that his Honor the Governor 
he desired to apply to the Hon'''^ the Congress of the United States of 
America, to allow two battalions, at the expence of the several United 
States, to be posted along the sea coast of this State at such places as 
the Governor and Council of Safety of this State shall direct. 

This Assembly do appoint David Wooster, Esq'., to be Major Gen- 
eral of the militia of this State, and his Honor the Governor is hereby 
desired to commission him accordingly. 

Whereas the near approach of the enemy to the western parts of 
this State, as well as the critical situation of the continental army, 
and the danger there is of the enemy cutting of all communication 
between the country and the army, calls for the utmost speedy exer- 
tion of all our force and strength in that quarter to oppose the further 
inroads of the enemy as well as to facilitate the operation of our 
army. 

Resolved, That as many of the militia as are fit for service and of 
other householders etc., able-bodied effective men within the limits of 
the ninth, tenth, thirteenth and sixteenth regiments within this State, 
be immediately called forth, well anned and equipped, and embodied 
under the command of Maj' General Wooster appointed by this State 
to lead them forth, command and direct them in the necessary operar 
tions against our enemy, and to give all possible relief to our army, 
notifying the General and Commander in Chief of the continental 
army of his situation and readiness to cooperate with him, taking such 



fiosied by Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 17 

directions from him as he may obtain how and in what manner he may 
most conduce to his assistance and annoy the enemy, and to consult 
and advise with any other general or commanding officer or officers of 
our army who may be nearest to him for that purpose. 

Reiolved iy this AssemUy, That the third regiment of light horse 
and the troop of [light*] horse in the tenth regiment of militia he 
ordered forthwith to march to the western part of this State, to join 
the forces under the command of Maj' General Wooster, who is hereby 
directed and impowered to give orders for their march, operations 
and stations. 

Resolved hy ihig Assembly, That the Committee of Pay-Table draw 
orders upon the Treasurer in favour of the colonel or commanding 
officer of each regiment of the militia now ordered to march, for such 
sum as wilt be sufficient to enable said colonels or commanding officer 
to advance twenty shillings to each officer and soldier of such respec- 
tive regiments that shall join and march as aforesaid ; the said colonel 
or commanding officer to be accountable for the same; and that the 
troops of horse and militia now ordered out shall not be holden in ser- 
vice longer than the term of two months from the time of their 
march. And his Honor the Governor is desired to give order accord- 
ingly- 

Whereas a number of non-commission officers and soldiers [that] 
neglected to march to New York in August or September last when 
. ordered by the Governor, [but] now in complyance with his Honor's 
proclamation issued the present session of Assembly are [upon] their 
march to join General Wooster but have not money sufficient for their 
marching [expence :] 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Colo. Jonathan Mtch of Newhaven 
and Colo. John Me[ad] be directed to pay each of said officers and 
soldiers that shall march according to said pro[clamation] twenty 
shillings, lawfull money, and exhibit his account thereof to the Pay- 
Table who are [directed] to draw on the Treasurer for payment. 

ir Master General of the O 
Be it enacted hy the Q-overnor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That if 
any person [or persons] within this Colony shall upon request refuse 
to sell or supply to the Quarter Master [General] of the continental 
army the articles of timber, boards, shingles, brick or stone, [or to 
sell] or let their horses, oxen, carts or carriages, for transporting the 
same, or to furni[sh any] other necessary supplies and assistance for 
the use of said army, it shall be [the duty] of any one assistant or 

• This word is in tlie original bill, iten. War, iv, 384. 
Vot,. XVL— 3 



Hosted by 



Google 



18 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

justice of the peace within this Colony and they are he[reby ordered] 
and directed, upon application to them made by any such quarter- 
master or [quarter-mas ters,] their agent or agents, to grant a proper 
warrant or warrants for the impressing from [any such] person or 
persona so refusing any of the necessary articles or things aforesaid 
or [of any other article] or thing needfull for the support or supply 
of said army or for the transportation [of the same,] directed to the 
sheriff, his deputy, constable, or any indifferent person within the 
[county where] such application shall be made ; who shall impress 
and cause an apprizement to [be made] thereof by two or more in- 
different men within said county, to be appointed by the [authority] 
granting such warrant, at the just and true value, and deliver the 
same to said [quarter-master] or quarter-masters, their agent or 
agents, he or they paying to the owner or owners thereof or into the 
hands of such officer who shall impress the same, the sum or sums at 
which the said article or thing shall he appraised as aforesaid, or so 
much as shall be reasonable for the use of such horse or horses, oxen, 
cart or carriage where the same shall be returned again to the owner 
thereof by his own consent and agreement. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That there be provided in this State as 
soon as may be for the use of the militia thereof when called into ac- 
tual service the following articles of camp equipage and utensils, viz: 
two thousand tents, two thousand iron potts containing two gallons 
each, four thousand wooden bowls, and six thousand canteens or 
wooden bottles. 

And be it further resolved. That the same be provided by the 
several towns in this State in manner and proportion following, to 
wit : that one tent, one iron pot, two wooden bowls, and three can- 
teens be provided for every thousand pounds of the general list of 
such towns respectively in the year 1775, and the selectmen of the re- 
spective towns in this State are hereby directed and required to pro- 
cure the aforesaid tents and camp utensils and them keep and have in 
constant readiness for the use of the militia in their respective towns 
when called into actual service i the cost and expence of procuring the 
same to be paid and born by such towns respectively. 

And be it further resolved, That the selectmen of the several towns 
in this State shall also, at the cost of their respective towns, provide 
and have in constant readiness suitable boxes in which to place and 
secure the iron potts aforesaid for transportation, and also that they 
do from time to time take care to keep the canteens aforesaid ttght 
and in good order and fit for use. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee of the Pay-Table be 
and they are hereby authorized and directed, to adjust and allow all 
such reasonable sums for the inevitable losses of cloathing, blankets, 
arms, and accoutrements, belonging to the officers or soldiers either 
of the militia or new levies, or fiiat were provided for and used by 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 19 

them, aa on proper examination or certificate being produced from 
two of the general officers now in the army belonging to this State, or 
from one general officer and one colonel belonging to this State, or in 
such other cases when by clear proof and good evidence it may 
appear to said committee that the loss was not occasioned by careless- 
ness or cowardice in sudden flight from the enemy or contrary to the 
orders of the superior officer then in such party commanding they 
shall find due; and also all such sums as in the opinion of said com- 
mittee shall be found justly due on account of the cost of siclcness on 
the road going to or returning from either of the said armies, or occa- 
sioned by the cost of medicine at the army which could not be ob- 
tained out of the public stores. 

And he tt further resolved, That all the officers and soldiers of the 
militia who marched in obedience to orders issued by his Honor the 
Goyemor to the assistance of the army since the first of July last 
and shall produce a proper discharge, or that were permitted to return 
from the army on furlow or by reason of sickness and are not returned 
as deserters, shall be allowed twenty shillings each for their extraor- 
dinary expences at that season of the year ; and that the heirs and 
representatives of such as dyed in the service be entituled to the twenty 
shillings premium as well aa such who were discharged, over and 
above the wag^s and mileage allowed by the Hon"'' Continental Con- 
gress, and that the commanding officer of the regiments return the 
names of such persons in their respective regiments as are returned 
deserters from said service to the Committee of Pay-Table, to enable 
them to execute the trust reposed in them. 

Whereas Genera! Gates by a letter has requested a number of 
iron spades and iron shovels to be sent to Tyconderoga, and a quantity 
of flour to be sent to Slcenesborough, with some shingle nails for the 
use of the army under his command : Therefore, 

Resolved ly this Assemhly, That Maj' Ebenezer Gay be appointed 
and directed to purchase 200 spades and iron shovels and send them 
forthwith to General Gates at Tyconderoga for the purpose aforesaid ; 
and also, to purchase ten tons of wheat flour and transport the same 
forthwith to Skeensborough to be stored and guarded in such place and 
manner as General Gates shall direct; and that the Treasurer be and 
he is hereby directed to deliver to the said Major Gay the sum of £. 300, 
taking his receipt to account for the same ; and that Docf John Dick- 
inson be and is hereby appointed and directed to employ a proper 
number of nail-makers forthwith to manufacture shingle nails ; and 
that his Honor the Governor be desired to inform General Gates 
thereof and request information how many will be necessary for his 
purpose. 

We, your Honors committee appointed to take into consideration 
what further measures are best to be taken to provide for the com- 
fort and relief of the militia of this State in service and for obtaining 



Hosted by 



Google 



20 PUBLIC BECOEDS [Octx)ber, 

as early release for them aa possible, beg leave to report it aa our 
opinion, that his Honor the Governor be desired to write to his Excel- 
lency General Washington, requesting him as soon as poasible to dis- 
charge all the sick in the militia who it shall be judged incapable of 
further service, and likewise that he would in some way which his 
wisdom shall devise provide blankets and cloathing for those of the 
militia who have been so unfortunate as to loose them in retreating 
from the enemy or permit some suitable persona on furlow to repair 
to the various parts of this State as may be convenient to procure 
those articles of the friends of those soldiers who are thus deprived 
of them. All which is submitted by your Honors humble servants. 
Signed per order, Jabez Huntington. 
In the Lower House: The above report is accepted and approved. 
Attest, Benja, Huntington, Clerk. 
Coneurr'' m the Upper House. Test, George WYLLYa, Secret''. 

Reaolved hy tkii Assembly, That the Committee of Pay -Table draw 
an order upon the Treasurer for the sum of four hundred pounds in 
bills, in favour of Maj' Elisha Sheldon, to be by him distributed to 
defray the expence of the light-horse under his command now ordered 
to march into the State of New York, for which he is to render his 
account to the Pay-Table when required. 

This Assembly do appoint Messrs. Wait Goodrich, Eneas Munson, 
Ouy Richards-, Abraham Eeardslee, Constant Southworth, Asahel 
Eebce and Zebulon Butler, to be Inspectors of Gun-Powder in this 
State untill the first day of June next. 

This Assembly do appoint Mr. Constant Southworth, Doct. EneaB 
Munson, Colo. Joshua Porter and Mr. Wait Goodrich to be Beinspec- 
tora of Saltpetre at the powder-mills in this State untill the first day 
of June next. 

Whereas this Assembly at their sessions in June last appomted 
Samuel Squire etc., to purchase barrell-pork for the use of the Colony, 
and it being now represented to this Assembly that some persons in 
the county of Fairfield still retain quantities of pork that is wanted 
for the public service, contrary to said resolve, which makes it neces- 
sary that further provision be made in order to .carry the same into 
execution; Resolved by this Assembly, that Samuel Squire of Fair- 
field be directed and impowered and he is hereby impowered, to seize 
and take any quantity of pork that is wanted for the public service 
from any person or persons that have refused or shall refuse to 
sell the same agreeable to said resolve of June, and when so seized 
or taken to pay the owner or owiffers thereof according to said resolve ; 
and said Squire is hereby further impowered and directed, in case of 



Hosted by 



Google 



177tl. J OP CONNECTICUT. 21 

refusal as aforesaid, to command and take with him proper and BufB- 
cient assistance for that purpose, and to breali open any shop or store 
in order for taking and seizing the same for the purpose aforesaid. 

This Assembly being informed of the distressed situation of many 
of the militia that have been ordered to join the continental army, by 
reason of their being destitute of physiciahs and proper medicines for 
the sick, do appoint Docf Samuel Gale and Docf Jonathan Todd, as 
his mate, forthwith to repair to the Connecticut troops and militia in 
the Jerseys, and to carry with them as many medicines and refresh- 
ments as they conveniently can, and generally to take care of and ad- 
minister proper relief to any of the sick belonging to this Colony ; and 
the Committee of the Pay-Table are ordered to draw on the Treasurer 
to deliver to the said Doct' Gale the snm of one hundred pounds, law- 
full money, to enable them to perform the business aforesaid, taking 
his receipt -to be accountable for the expenditure thereof. 

This Assembly being informed by letter from Docf Morgan to his 
Honor the Governor of the necessity of some persons being appointed 
to take the immediate care of the hospital stores for the use of the 
Connecticut troops in the continental service, and also signifying that 
eight shillings per day would he allowed to such persons as should be 
thereto appointed, do now appoint Docf Philip Turner, of Norwich, 
to be Physician and Surgeon for the Connecticut troops now engaged 
or'to be engaged in the continental service and Director of the Hospi- 
tal Stores for said troops ; and do hereby authorize and impower the 
said Philip Turner to procure and receive all such medicinal stores as 
he may judge necessary and use the same for the benefit of said troops 
and to have the direction thereof. And as an inducement to the said 
Philip Turner to engage in the said service, it is now ordered that the 
said Philip Turner be allowed, in addition to the aforesaid eight 
shillings per day four shillings per day ; and his Honor the Governor 
is hereby desired to acquaint him with this appointment and direct 
him to prepare and with all possible expedition to repair to said 
troops for the execution of said trust. 

Resolved ly this Assembly, That the Committee of Pay-Table draw 
on the Treasurer, in favour of Docf Philip Turner, for the sum of 
three hundred pounds, lawfuU money, for the use of the hospital for 
the Connecticut troops, and that his Honor the Governor by advice of 
his Committee of Safety be empowered and directed to make such 
further draughts as occasion may require for the purpose aforesaid. 

Whereas his Excellency William Livingston, Esq', Governor of the 
State of New Jeraies, by his letter of the 19th of September, reitre- 
senting that Mr, Franklin, late Governor of New Jersey, having pos- 
sessed himself of a chest or box containing Minutes of Council, Ex- 



Hosted by 



Goo gle 



22 PUBLIC RECORDS (^October, 

aminationa in Council and other papers of consequence to that State, 
thought proper, as there is great reason to believe, a few days before 
he was apprehended to secrete them, which papers they have not 
been able upon the most diligent search to recover ; desiring that this 
State would interpose and cause the said Mr, Franklin and his man 
Thomas, who is suspected to be privy to the concealment, to be exam- 
ined on oath relative to said matter, and requesting that said Thomas 
might be first examined before he has opportunity to consult with his 
said master upon the subject : Resolved therefore by this Assembly, 
that Mathew Talcott, Esq'', and Jesse Boot, I^q', be appointed and 
they are hereby appointed and directed, to cause Mr. Franklin's serv- 
ant Thomas to come before them and separately to interrogate and 
examine him under oath relative to the premises ; and also to cause 
the said Mr. Franklin to come before them after having previously 
examined the said servant Thomas first, and further interrogate and 
examine him if needfull under oath relative to the matter of said con- 
cealment, removal and detention of what ought to be now in the 
custody and possession of the Council of the said State of New Jersey, 
and report make. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That the fire-arms to be made and 
purchased for the use of this State by the committee appointed for 
that purpose shall be of the following dimensions, viz : the length of 
the barrell from three feet and eight inches to three feet and ten 
inches, diameter of the bore from inside to inside to be so large as 
to carry an ounce ball in a cartridge ; that the length of the blade 
of the bayonet be sixteen inches, length of the socket four inches, 
the l>arrell of the gun to be suitable with iron ram-rods with a spring 
in the lowest loop to secure the ram-rods, a good substantial bridled 
lock well mounted with brass and marked with the maker's name or 
initial letters of the maker's name, and that they shall be also 
marked with the letters S, C, in some conspicuous place on the bar- 
rell. 

Upon report of the committee appointed to consider what further 
provision and encouragement should be made for the procuring fire- 
arms and gun-locks, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Capt. Robert Fairchild, Capt. 
Ephraim Pease, Capt. Dudley Wright, Docf John Dickinson, Mr, 
Asahol Holcomb, Mr. Nathan Frink, Capt. Jabez Huntington and 
Capt, John Phelps, be and they are hereby appointed a committee in 
addition to those gentlemen heretofore appointed for procuring of 
fire arms and gun-locks ; and that the same powers and authority 
heretofore given to a former committee be and the same is hereby 
revived and given to said committee for the purpose of executing the 
aforesaid trust. And said committee are directed to exert their 
utmost endeavours to effect the manufacture of good fire-arms and 



Hosted by 



Google 



177fl.] OF CONNKCTICUT. 23 

locks upon the encouragement heretofore granted, and make report of 
their doings to the General Assembly in May next, to which time 
their authority shall continue. 

And it is further resolved, That Mr. Elihu Clark, Maj' Nathaniel 
Brown, Mr. Samuel Smith, Oapt. Lemuel Stoughton, Mr. Isaac Doo- 
little, Mr. Joseph Hopkins, Mr. Samuel Noyes, Mr. John Raymond, 
Capt. Daniel Judson, Oapt. Jabez Huntington, Mr. Elnathan Walker, 
Mr. Edmund Beach and Capt. Mathew Gillett, be and they are hereby 
severally appointed Inspectors to examine and approve of all such 
fire-arms and locks as shall be made within this State ; and none o£ 
said arms shall be received or paid for by said committee for the use 
of this State or any premium allowed thereon to any manufacturer 
untill examination and due proof has been made of such arms by said 
inspector or inspectors and a proper certificate given thereof under 
his or their hands that the same are good, well wrought and suffi- 
ciently strong and substantial. And Titus Hosmer, Esq'', at his own 
request, is hereby released from any further trouble in procuring fire- 
arms or locks in consequence of his appointment formerly made to 
that service. 

Whereas the public safety makes it necessary still to continue the 
Cannon Foundery at Salisbury in blast for the purpose of making a 
sufficient quantity of cannon &c. for the public defence ; and it being 
represented to this Assembly that a sufficient quantity of wood can- 
not in the ordinary method be procured to keep the same in blast, 
and that there is a quantity near on land belonging to the heir of 
Daniel Edwards, Esq', late of Hartford, deceas'', who is a minor; 
Therefore, resolved by this Assembly, that Joshua Porter, Esq'', who 
has the care of said foundery. be impowered and he is hereby im- 
powered, authorized and appointed, to purchase said wood of the said 
heir or his guardians upon reasonable terms, if they can agree ; if not, 
to take the same without stripping the farm of what may be neces- 
sary .for iiring and fencing, and where it may be least detrimental 
thereto, for the use aforesaid, and to allow and pay the just and rea- 
sonable value thereof according to the apprizal of three good and 
indifferent freeholders of the vicinity under oath, and account render. 

Whereas it is found necessary that a commissary of prisoners of 
war should be appointed in the several United States &o. : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that Mr. Epaphras Bull of Hartford be and he is 
hereby appointed a OomraisBary of Prisoners of War within this 
State, who shall take care and provide for all such prisoners of war 
as are now within this State or that hereafter may be, sent to and 
kept within the same; and that said commissary or commissaries for 
the time being shall observe all such rules and orders as shall from 
time to time be made by the General Assembly, his Honor the Gover- 
nor and Committee of Safety, or Continental Congress, respecting 



Hosted by 



Google 



24 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

Buch prisoners for the due ordering, governing or providing for the 
same, and shall make monthly returns of the state and condition of 
said prisoners under their care to the Board of War appointed by 
said Congress, and be sworn to a faithfuU discharge of his said trust. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Doet'° Alexander Wolcott, John 
Dickinson, John Watroua, Eneas Munson, Leveret Hubbard, Eliaa 
Carrington, Blisha Tracy, Benjamin Gale, Eleazer Mather, Piatt 
Townsbend, Amos Mead, James Cogswell, John Clark, Elisha Lord, 
Samuel Lee, Reuben Smith, Elisha Sill and Seth Bird, or any three 
of them, he appointed and they are hereby appointed and authorized 
to examine such persons within this State as may offer themselves to 
serve as surgeons or surgeon's mates in the continenal army or navy, 
and upon full evidence of proper and sufficient qualifications to give 
certificate accordingly. 

And it is further resolved by this Assembly, That said examiners 
and all others who may hereafter be appointed for the same purpose 
shall be under oath for their faithfuU performance of their tnast ac- 
cording to their best skill and judgment, that the form of said oath 
shall be as follows, viz : 

You A. B. being appointed to examine, those persona within tkia 
State who shall offer to serve as surgeons or surgeon's mates in the con- 
tinental army or navy do swear by the name of the ever-living God that 
you toill fait^fvily and impartially execute said trust according to your 
best skill and Judgment and give certificates to such as you shall find 
duly qualifyed to serve in said offices without respect of persons or 
favour to any man : So help you Q-od. 

Which oath any one Assistant or justice of the peace is hereby 
authorized and directed on request to administer to the examiners 
that are or shall be appointed for the purpose aforesaid. 

Resolved, That bis Honor the Governor be and be is hereby de- 
sired to request the commanding officer of the Northern Army to 
order suitable provision to be made for the officers and soldiers of this 
State, especially for the sick on their return home as they may be 
discharged or dismissed from time to time at such places and stations 
as may be thought most needful! ; and that if it should be inconven- 
ient for the commanding officer through multiplicity of concerns to 
attend to this matter in due time his Honor tiie Governor and the 
Council of Safety are desired to make proper provision in the matter 
aforesaid. 

This Assembly do appoint Elijah Hyde Jun', Esq', to be Major of 
the Second Regiment of Light Horse in this State in the room of 
William Hillhouse, Esq', resigned. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 25 

Whereas it is apprehended the stores and provisions for the use 
of the continental army and this State now stored in the various 
parts along Sound in several of the towns in the westward parts of 
this State are by means of the near approach of the enemy in great 
danger: Whereupon this Assembly do appoint John Davenport, Esq', 
immediately to go forwards to the several places where such provisions 
(fee. are stored and with tlie advice of any gentlemen acting under the 
Commissary (Jeneral to remove them back from the sea shore to some 
safe place bacir from the water, where they shall think most proper ; 
to which purpose they are impowered to impress all such teams and 
carriages as are necessary for that purpose. 

Whereas it-is represented to this Assembly that there are several 
non-commissioned officers and soldiers of tlie troops of horse and mi- 
litia in this State who did not march according to orders issued from 
tiie Capt. General for the defence of this and the United States of 
America, and that there are others who deserted said service after 
they had joined and marched with their respective corps, all since the 
first day of July last : And this Assembly willing to extend their 
clemency to such as are yet desirous of fuifilling their duty in the ser- 
vice of their country. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor be and 
he is hereby desired to issue a Proclamation* offering a pardon and 
indemnification to all such non-commissioned officers and soldiers who 
have been delinquent in manner aforesaid, provided they do immedi- 
ately return to their duty and join themselves to their respective 
companies now in service or to any of the companies in either of the 
regiments now ordered to march under the command of Maj' General 
Wooster in the defence of this and other the united States ; and also 
to declare that such as shall so return and fulfill their duty untill duly 
discharged, shall receive their pay and wages for the -time they did 
and shall continue in said service, and that his Honor the Governor 
do also order and direct that due process be had forthwith against all 
such as shall still refuse to comply with their duty as aforesaid ; which 
proclamation his Honor is desired to cause to be published in the 
several news-papers within this State. 

Whereas the third and part of the first regiments of light-horse 
have been ordered by this Assembly to march to the western part of 
this State under the command of Maj' General Wooster who will be 
under necessity of some advance wages: Resolved by this Assembly, 
that twenty shillings be advanced to each one that shall so march, and 
General Wooster is hereby directed and impowered to draw on the 
Pay -Table for a sufficient sum for that purpose and pay out the same 
and render his account accordingly, - 

D Ret. War, iv, 3S3, and printed in Am. Arc/iirea, 5th, ii. 



Hosted by 



Google 



2t( PUBLIC KECuitr'S [October, 

Ih^oloed by this Assembly, That a Hospital shall be provided and 
maintained by this State for the reception and relief^of such soldiers 
from this State as shall serve in the continental army and such of the 
militia from this State as may from time [to time] join said army 
during the present war ; that said hospital shall be under the direc- 
tion of a chief surgeon or director appointed by this State, and shall 
be furnished with skilfull surgeons, medicines and other neces- 
saries ; that the director or chief surgeon shall have the custody of 
the stores of medicines and other refreshments from time to time for 
the use and relief of the sick, who shall issue the same to the regimental 
Burgeons as the necessities of their respective regiments may require. 

And be itfwrther resolved, That his Honor the Governor and his 
Council of Safety be authorized and directed with the advice of hia 
Excellency the General, to provide such hospital, appoint surgeons 
and other proper officers, give orders for procuring proper medicines 
and refreshments and regulate the issuing the same from said hospital 
as they shall judge most likely to answer the good ends intended to 
to be obtained by this resolve. 

And be it further resolved, That four hundred bed sacks, four hun- 
dred shirts, and four hundred blankets and eight hundred sheets, be 
immediately procured for the use of the sick in said hospital, which 
shall be delivered to the chief surgeon taking his receipt to be account- 
able for the same. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Roger Sherman, Abraham Daven- 
port, Thaddeus Burr and John Davenport, Esq", or any three of them, 
be and they are hereby appointed a committee to repair to the army 
ander the command of General Washington and with the advice and 
assistance of the general officers belonging to this State now in said 
army to arrange into regiments and companies the officers appointed 
hy this Assembly for the battalions to be raised in this State and 
number their commissions according to their proper rank in the 
army. 

This Assembly taking into consideration the exposedness of the 
sea-port towns in the Colony by reason of the enemys coming into 
the sound and on our coast, and the danger of a surprize imless 
proper methods be taken to prevent it, 

It is now resolved, That his Honor the Governor be desired and he 
is hereby desired forthwith to issue forth his orders to the chief com- 
manders present of the second, third, fourth, seventh, eighth, ninth, 
tenth and twentieth regiments of militia, to take especial care that 
the officers and soldiers belonging to said regiments are well equipped 
with arms and ammunition, and that they have suitable posts assigned 
them to repair to in case of an alarm, and that all necessary instruc- 
tions be given to the captains and subalterns under their command, 
that the soldiers be thoroughly acquainted with the same, and that 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 27 

they take especial care to prevent being surprized unawares. And in 
case of the landing of an enemy in any of the towns on the sound or 
on the aea coast they are to give speedy notice thereof to the adjoining 
■towns and to collect all the force they can and to use all possible 
means to repel and drive off the enemy, and from time to time ac- 
quaint his Honor the Governor of their proceedings. 

Whereas it is of great necessity that the monies due from the con- 
tinental treasury to this State should be obtained, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee of the Pay-Table 
do forthwith call upon the several commissaries to settle their several 
accounts, and said commissaries are hereby required to liquidate and 
settle the same with them accordingly ; , and also that said com- 
mittee do adjust and allow the charges of disbursement and supplies 
made by Mr. Commissary Fitch to General Wooster's regiment while 
at New York and untill said regiment received continental supplies ; 
and that they said committee do prepare an account of all disburse.^ 
ments made by this State for and on account of the united States and 
which ought to be paid by them equally ; and that one of said com- 
mittee do proceed to Philadelphia and lay the same before the Hon*^' 
Continental Congress or their committee of claims and accounts and 
obtain a settlement thereof, as also a payment of all such sums of 
money as shall be justly due to this State from the continental 
treasury and see the same duly lodged with the Treasurer of this 



I have this day voluntarily inlisted myself as a soldier 

in the army of the United States of America in the battalion 

ordered to be raised in the State of Connecticut to serve during the 
present war unless sooner discharged, and I do bind myself to conform 
in all instances to such rules and regulations as are or shall be 
established for the government of the said army. Witness my hand 
the day of 1776. 

In the Lower Bouse : The above form is approved and ordered to 
be transmitted ifec. 

Attest. Bbnja. Huntington, Clerk. 
Concurr'" in the Upper House, Test. George Wyllys Secref. 

Whereas it is represented to this Assembly that there are a num- 
ber of persons in the western towns in the State inimical to the liber- 
ties o£ this and the other united States of America, who are forming 
dangerous insurrections and taking every method in their power to 
communicate intelligence to comfort, aid and assist the enemies of 
tiiese united States and to distress the inhabitants of said towns and 
to bring on a general anarchy and confusion among them &c. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Abraham Davenport aud Daniel 
Sherman Esq'", Thomas Fitch, Andrew Adams and Josiah Bissell, 



Hosted by 



Google 



28 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

Esq'*', be appointed a committee forthwith to repair to said western 
towns and to convene before them all such persons as shall be 
suspected to be inimical and dangerous to the rights and liberties of 
America in this critical and convulsed state of affairs when the 
ordinary mode of prosecution will not be adequate to the mischief ap- 
prehended. And all such persons as said committee upon enquiry 
shall judge to be dangerous or too suspicious consistent with the pub- 
lic safety to be suffered to remain in their present situation, said com- 
mittee are hereby authorized and impowered to send such person or 
persons ao deemed and adjudged dangerous as aforesaid under a 
proper guard to such place or places in this Colony as shall be 
thought best, there to remain and to be safe kept under the direction 
of his Honor the Governor and his Council of Safety for such time as 
the public security may require. 

And it is further resolved. That his Honor the Governor be desired 
to direct Maj' General Wooster to give all the aid and assistance with 
his troops in his power to said committee for carrying into execution 
the aforesaid resolve. Provided that in case any of said committee 
should be unable or fail to attend said business the residue or any 
three of them shall have power to proceed and execute the powers 
vested in said committee by this resolve. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That the act passed this session for 
supporting the credit and currency of the bills of credit ifec. be forth- 
with published in all the newspapers in this State, and the several 
printers are desired to insert the same accordingly. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Thomson, Esq% to be Colonel of 
the second regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Colo. 
Jonathan Fitch, Esq'', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Benjamin Fenn, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the second regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Lieut, Colo, Jabez Thomson, Esq'', supposed to be d'eceas''. 

This Assembly do appoint Edward Russell, Esq', to be Major of 
the second regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Major 
William Douglas, Esq', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Lattimer, Esq", to be Colonel 
of the third regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Gurdon 
Saltonstall, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Marshfield Parsons, Esq', to be Lieu- 
tenant Colonel of the third regiment of militia in this State, in the 
room of Samuel Holden Parsons, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Harriss Jun', Esq', to be Major 
of the third regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Samuel 
Selden, Esq', promoted and resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Lieut. Colo. Samuel Whiting to be 
Colonel of the fourth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Gold Selleck Silliman, Esq', promoted. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 29 

This Assembly do appoint Capt. Abraham Gould to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the fourth regiment of Militia in this State, in the room of 
Ichabod Lewiss, Esq', deceaa^. 

This Assembly do appoint Capit. Jonathan Dimon to be Major of 
the fourth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Agur Jud- 
son, Esq', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint John Tyler, Esq', to be Colonel of the 
eighth regiment of militia in this State, instead of Samuel Coit, Esq', 



This Assembly do appoint Oliver Smith, Esq% to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the eighth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Ebenezer Avery, Esq', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathan Gallop, Esq', to be Major of the 
eighth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Oliver Smith, 
Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Thaddeus Cook, Esq', to be Colonel of 
the tenth regiment of militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Jeremiah Mason, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 12th regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Obadiah Horsford, Esq', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Joel Jones, Esq', to be Major of the 
12th regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Jeremiah Mason, 
Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly appoints Increase Mosely Jun', Esq', to be Colonel 
of the 13"' regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Colo, Ben- 
jamin Hinman resigned. 

This Assembly appoints Samuel Canfield, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 13^" regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Colo. Mosely advanced. 

This Assembly appoints Jethro Hatch, Esq', to be Major of the 
thirteenth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Major Can- 
field advanced. 

This Assembly do appoint John Chandler, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the lO'" regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Philip Burr Bradley, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Nehemiah Eeardsley, Esq', to be Major 
■of the 16^'' regiment of militia in this State, in the room of John 
Chandler, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Medad Hills, Esq', to be Major of the 
ITth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Epaphras 
Sheldon, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Selah Heart, Esq', to be Colonel of the 
15th regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Fisher Gay, 



This Assembly do appoint Noadiah Hooker Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 15th regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
.Selah Hart, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Gad Stanley, Esq', to be Major of the 



Hosted by 



Google 



30 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

16th regiment of militia in this State, in tlie room of Simeon Strong, 
Esq', deceased. 

This Assembly do appoint Abiel Pease, Esq^, to be Major of the 
22'' regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Elijah Fenton, 
Eso'. deceased. 



This Asaeinbly do appoint Comfort Sage, Esq', to be Colonel of 
the 23'' regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Mathew Tal- 
cott, Esq', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint John Penfield, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 23" regiment of militia in this ^tate, in the room of 
Comfort Sage, Esq", promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathaniel Brown, Esq', to be Major of' 
the 23* regiment of militia in this State, in the room of John Pen- 
field, Eaq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Epaphras Sheldon, Esq', td be Lieuten- 
ant Colonel of the 17"' regiment of militia in this State, in the room 
of Ebenezer Norton, Esq', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Humphry, Esq', to be 
Colonel of the 18th regiment of militia in this State in the room of 
Jonathan Pettibone, Esq', deceas*. 

This Assembly do appoint Seth Smith, Esq', to be Lieutenant Col- 
onel of the 18'" regiment of militia, in the room of Jonathan Hum- 
phry, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Amos "Wilcox, Esq', to be Major of the 
18"" regiment, in the room of Seth Smith, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do establish Elihu Kent to be Captain of a company 
or trainband in the town of Suffield in the first regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Potter to be Lieutenant of 
the third company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Bartholomew to be Ensign of 
the third company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jared Hill to be Lieutenant of the 
ninth company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lawrence Clinton to be Ensign of the 
ninth company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Beecher to be Captain of the 
16'" company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Titus Peck to be Lieutenant of the 
16'" company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joel Hotchkiss to be Ensign of the 
16"' company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Osbom to be Captain of the 
10'" company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Newton to be Lieutenant of 
the 10'" company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 31 

This ABsembly do establish Joseph Beecher to be Ensign of the 
10"= company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Merrill to be Captain of the 
seventh company or trainband in the eighth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Eidwell to be Lieutenant of 
the seventh company or trainband in the 8'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Goodwin to be Ensign of the 
seyenth company or trainband in the S"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elihu Thomson to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the eighth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim Grant Jun'', to be Captain of 
the first company or trainband in the 22^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joshua Wells to be Lieutenant of the 
first company or trainband in the 22'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Christopher Morgan to be Ensign of 
the fourth company or trainband in the town of Groton in the 8'" 
regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Tobey to be Captain of the sec- 
ond company or trainband in the 14"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Hamlin to be Lieutenant of the 
second company or trainband in tie 14'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Conklin to be Ensign of .the 
second company or trainband in the 14'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Garrett to be Captain of the first 
company or trainband in the 24^" re^ment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Stephens to be Lieutenant of the 
first company or trainband in the 24"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Downing to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the 24'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dethick Hewet to be Ensign of the sec- 
ond company or trainband in the 24"' regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Frethias Wall to be Lieutenant of a 
company or trainband in the 24'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Franklin Jun' to be Ensign of a 
company or trainband in the 24'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elnathan Nichols to be Lieutenant of 
the first troop of light horse in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Sherman to be Quarter Master 
of the first troop of light horse in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Serjeant to be Captain of the 
troop of horse in the town of Windham in the 4'" regiment of light 
horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Stowell to be Lieutenant of the 
troop of horse in the town of Windham in the 4'" regiment of light 
horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Canady to be Comet of the 
troop of horse in the town of Windham in the 4'" regiment of light 
horse in this State- 



Hosted by 



Google 



82 PUBLIC RECORDS [Octobcr, 

This Assembly do establish Moses Woodward to be Quarter Mas- 
ter of the troop of horse in the town of Windham in the 4"' regiment 
of light horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abijah Hide to be Captain of the IS'" 
company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Cande to be Lieutenant of the 
13^" company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Perry to be Ensign of the 13^'' 
company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ambrose Evants to be Ensign of a 
company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Peter Curtiss to be Captain of the sec- 
ond company or trainband in the 15'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Bull Jun% to be Lieutenant 
of the second company or trainband in the 35"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Gridley to be Ensign of the 
second company or trainband in the 15"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Anderson to be Lieutenant of 
the eighth company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin G-reen to be Ensign of the 
eighth company or trainband in th#ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hamlin to be Lieutenant of the 
11"' company or trainband in the 15*" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asahel Hooker to be Ensign of the 
11"' company or trainband in the 15"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Hinman to be Captain of [the] 
2'^ company or trainband in the 13'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Porter to be Lieutenant of the 
second company or trainband in the IS'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Thorp to be Ensign of the sec- 
ond company or trainband in the 13"' regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Camp to be Captain of the 8'" 
company or trainband in the 10"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Hart to be Lieutenant of the 
eighth company or trainband in the tenth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Charles Burrit to be Ensign of the 
eighth company or trainband in the lO"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Johnson 2^, to be Ensign of the 
third company or trainband in the 10"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Penn to be Captain of the 
seventh company or trainband in the 10'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Merriman to be Ensign of the 
7'" company or trsiinband in the 10'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ruluff Dutcher to be Captain of the 
second troop of horse in the 5'" regiment of light horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Bowland to be Lieutenant of 
the second troop of horse in the S"" regiment of light horse in this 
State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 33 

This Assembly do establish Lemuel Kingsbury to be Cornet of 
the second troop of horse in the 5th regiment of light horse in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonas Lawrence to be Quarter Master 
of the 2'' troop of horse in the 5'" regiment of light horse in this 
State. 

This Aaaemhly do establish Seth Blaksly to be Ensign of the 12"' 
company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Pranciss to be Captain of the 
third company or trainband in the 17'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Miles Johnson to be Captain of the 
fourth company or trainband in the tenth regiment in this State. 

This Aaaenibly do establish Asahel Oooley to he Lieutenant of the 
fourth company or trainband in the tenth regiment in this State. 

ITiis Assembly do establish Andrew Bartholomew to be Ensign of 
the fourth company or trainband in the tenth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Caleb Mix to be Lieutenant of the fifth 
company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John "Warner to be Ensign of the fifth 
company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Yale to be Ensign of the fifth 
company or trainband in the 10"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Thrall to be Ensign of the 
east company or trainband in Turkey Hills society in the town of 
Symsbury in the 18^'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Curtiss to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth company or trainband in the 15"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Clark to be Ensign of the fourth 
company or trainband in the 15"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph P. Cook, Esq'", to be Judge of 
Probate for the district of Danbury untiil the first day of June next, 
in the room of Thomas Benedict, Esq', deceas*. 

This Assembly do appoint Douglass Davidson Surveyor of Lands 
in the county of Westmoreland. 

This Assembly do appoint Elihu Marvin to be Surveyor of Lands 
for the cq^nty of Hartford. 

This Assembly do appoint John Poole Surveyor of Lands for the 
county of Hartford. 

Resolved, That Colo. Seymour, Mr. Bishop, Maj' Hillhouse and 
Eufus Lathrop, Esq', be a committee to procure a copy of the act 
passed relating to High Treason &c., also the copy of one other act 
relating to the Oath of Fidelity <fec., and deliver the copies to the sev- 
eral printers in this State and procure the same to be published in 
the several newspapers. 
Vol. XVI.— 3 



Hosted by 



Google 



34 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

Whereas the listers in a number of towns in this State by means 
of the sudden call for the militia have not been able to compleat the 
lists in said towns, by means whereof inconvenience may arise : 
Which to prevent, 

BeBolmd by this Assembly, That each of the towns in this State 
shall have and receive their school-money after the rate of forty 
shillings on every thousand pounds of all the additions of the polls 
and rateable estate that shall or may be brought into this Assembly 
in May next ; and the Treasurer is hereby ordered and directed to 
pay the same to said towns accordingly. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathan Denison, Esq', to be Judge of 
Probate for the district of Westmoreland untill the first day of June 
next. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee of Pay-Table 
draw an order on the Treasurer for the sum of one hundred pounds, 
in favour of Thomas Fitch, Josiah Bissell and Andrew Adams, Esq", 
a committee now appointed to go into tlie western towns of this State 
to enquire after and direct the removal of sucli persons as are inimi- 
cal to this State, and render their account of the same. 

Whereas Capt. John Veits of Rymsbury hath resigned his trust 
of keeper of New Gate Prison in said Symsbury, and as there is need 
of another to be appointed in his stead : And whereas there is want 
of an addition to be made to the block-house over the said prison, 
and also a well to be dug there for the use of said prison ; 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the overseers of said prison be 
and they are hereby impowered and directed, to appoint a keeper to 
said prison from time to time as occasion shall require untill further 
order from this Assembly. And said overseers are further im- 
powered to make such addition as is necessary to said block-house, 
and also to dig a well for the use aforesaid, using their prudence and 
discretion in doing the same, and to lay an account of the expences 
thereof before this Assembly at some future session for liquidation ; 
and they are hereby allowed to draw the sum of £50. 0. 0., L, money, 
out of the Treasury of this State for the purpose aforesaid, and the 
Treasurer is hereby directed to pay the same to said overseers, taking 
their receipt to account therefor. 

Wliereas Lamberton Smith and others, inhabitants of the town of 
New Haven, have exhibited a memorial to this Assembly, represent- 
ing Ralph Isaacs and Abiather Camp, both of New Haven aforesaid, 
■as being guilty of a series of conduct which has evinced that they 
are unfriendly and inimical to the rights and liberties of this State 
and are dangerous to the said town of New Haven in particular and 
to the State in general; praying that they may be removed &c., as 



Hosted by 



Google 



&f- 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 35 

per memorial on file : Whereupon the parties have been heard at large 
with their witnesses and exhibits, and it is thereon adjudged by this 
Assembly that the said Isaacs and Camp are guilty as set forth in 
said memorial, and are dangerous to the State and ought to be re- 
moved, 

Therefore it is resolved and ordered by this Assembly, That the 
said Ralph Isaacs and Abiather Camp be removed to the society of 
Eastbury in the town of Glastonbury, there to abide and remain within 
the limits of the said society of Eaatbury, under the direction of the 
civil autliority and selectmen of the town of Glastonbury, at their 
own cost and charge, untill further orders. 

And it is further resolved and ordered, That if the Said Isaacs or 
Camp shall receive any letter or letters from any person or persons, 
or shall send or convey any letter or letters to any person or persona 
whatsoever, they shall offer such letter or letters to some one of the 
said civil authority or selectmen to be by them read and inspected ; 
and that if the said Isaacs or Camp shall escape out of the limits of 
the society of Eastbury, or otherwise transgress this order, it shall be 
the duty of all officers, civil and military, to detect or apprehend 
the offender or offenders and cause him or them to appear before 
some assistant or justice of the peace, who on proper evidence shall 
commit the offender or offenders to some prison within this State, 
there to remain at his or their own cost and charge till delivered by 
due order of law or by orders from his Honor the Governor and Coun- 
cil of Safety. But as the said Isaacs is at present infirm and unable 
to travail, it is further ordered that the execution of this resolve, as 
to him, shall be suspended untill the selectmen of New Haven afore- 
said shall judge it prudent and safe to remove him ; and that the 
sheriff of the coilnty of New Haven is hereby directed 'to cause the 
same to be put in execution. 



Upon the memorial of George Philips, ensign of the light infan- 
try company of the twenty-third regiment of militia, and others of 
said company, complaining that Nathaniel Shayler of Midletown, 
captain of said company, in August last being duly ordered by 
Mathew Talcott, Esq', colone|l of said regiment, to muster his com- 
pany and march with them to the assistance of the army under com- 
mand of General Washington then at New York, and that he, said 
Shayler, wilfully disobeyed said orders <fec., as per memorial on file : 
On which memorial said Capt. Shayler hath been arrested and brought 
before this Assembly and fully heard thereon. 

Whereupon resolved bif this Assembly, That said Capt. Nathaniel 
Shayler be and he is hereby cashiered of his said office and broke, 
and the commanding officer of said regiment is ordered to lead said 
company to the choice of a captain in the room of said Shayler. 

And it is further resolved, That the said Nathaniel Shayler be and 
he is declared to be incapable of holding any office or place of trust 



Hosted by 



Google 



86 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

under this State for the future, and that he pay the cost of prosecu- 
tion. Cost £10. 4. 0. Ej>" granted Jan' 1", 1777. 

Whereas upon the memorial of Mathew Talcott, Esq', and others, 
preferred to this Assembly in May, 1772, praying that buoys and 
marks might be erected in Connecticut River pointing out the shoals 
and bars, so that tlie navigation in said river might be rendered more 
safe ; and as it was resolved, that the memorialists have liberty to set 
up and carry on a lottery or lotteries amounting to such a sum as by 
drawing at least ten per cent, out of each prize the whole might raise 
the sum of tl\ree hundred and thirty-seven pounds, and the managers 
to be liable for the payment of tlie prize-tickets signed by them : the 
sum of three hundred pounds raised by said lottery to be paid into 
the hands of a committee or company that should thereafter be ap- 
pointed for carrying said design into execution and thirty-seven 
pounds thereof to Capt, Abner Parker ; and Mathew Talcot, Esq', 
Richard Alsop and John Stocken, of Midletown, Samuel Olcott and 
John Chenevard of Hartford, and Ebcnezer Plummer of Glastonbury, 
and Silas Dean of Weathersfield, were appointed managers of said 
lottery. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That Doct' John Dickinson and Colo. 
Thomas Belding be a committee to receive of said managers the sums 
raised by said lottery into their hands and the same safely keep in 
their hands untill further order from this Assembly, and report make 
to the next session of this Assembly or to the General Assembly in 
May next. 

On information of the state, circumstaoces and doings of the north 
military company or trainband in the first society in Waterbury, 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That said company or trainband be 
and the same is hereby dissolved, and that the company aforesaid be 
and they are hereby annexed to the several companies or trainbands 
hereafter named, in the following manner, that is to say : those liv- 
ing within the following lines near adjoining to Farmingbury society 
be annexed to the company under the command of Capt. Beacher in 
said society of Farmingbury, beginning at Mr. Ebenezer Warner's 
house, including said house, from thence northwestward to the house 
of Amos Terrell, including said house, then northward the west side 
of Hugh Grilleps into the road that leads northward the west side of 
Ard Warner's house, then continuing northward in said road till it 
comes into the road that leads from Bucks Hill northward into Farm- 
ingbury society, then northward in said road to Farmingbury line ; 
and Capt. Abraham Hickox and those living on his farm be annexed 
to the company now under the command of Capt. Nathaniel Barns in 
the society of Northbury ; and Bela Brownson, Herman Munson, and 
Seba Bronson, and those living on their farms be annexed to the east 
■company in the society of Westbuiy lately under the command of 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT, 37 

Capt, Michael Dayton late of Waterbury, deceas" ; and Seth Warner, 
Jacob Doud, and Daniel Brown, and those living on their farms be 
annexed to the west company in the society of said Westbury now 
under the command of Capt. Benjamin Richards ; and the remainder 
of the said north company be annexed to the second company in the 
10'" regiment in the iirst society in said Waterbury. 

Whereas it has been recommended by this Assembly that all able- 
bodied men within this State who are not included in any military 
company would fonn themselves into military companies and to pro- 
ceed to choose their officers &c. 

Resolved by this Assemhl^f/, Tha,t whenever a sufficient number of 
able-bodied men shall form themselves into such companies and shall 
choose their officers agreeable to said recommendation and make a 
suitable return thereof to his Honor the Governor, his Honor tlie 
Governor by advice of his Council of Safety is hereby authorized 
and desired to commission them accordingly. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That it be recoinmended and it is 
hereby recommended to the civil authority and selectmen of the sev- 
eral towns situate on the sea-coast and sound immediately to set up a 
sufficient military watch and ward and to order sufficient centrys to 
be set in all proper places contiguous to the sea or elsewhere to make 
discovery of any attempt of the enemy to make a descent on any of 
said towns and to take especial care of all the watercraft belonging 
to any person or persons in their respective towns, which said craft 
shall be carefully inspected by said watch, especially in the night 
season, and that a copy of this resolve be forthwith sent to the sev- 
eral towns aforesaid. 

This Assembly do appoint Increase Mosely, Esq% to be Judge of 
the County Court for the county of Westmoreland untill the first day 
of June next. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Adams, Zebulon Butler, Nathan 
Denison and William Judd, Esq", Justices of the Quorum of the 
county court for the county of Westmoreland untill the first day of 
June next. 

This Assembly do appoint Zebulon Butler, Nathan Denison, Wil- 
liam Judd, John Jenkins, Uriah Chapman, to be Justices of the Peace 
for the county of Westmoreland until! the first day of June next: 
their power and authority as justices of the peace for the county of 
Litchfield in the meantime to cease. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That the county courtin the county of 
Hartford by law to be held on the first Tuesday of November the c\ir- 
rent year be adjourned and the same is hereby adjourned to the second 



Hosted by 



Google 



88 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

Tuesday of said November, and all persons concerned arc to take 
notice thereof accordingly. 

Jonathan Trumbull, Esq^, Governor and Commander in Chief of 
the State of Connecticut in America, 

To Esq'", Greeting: 

Whereas you are appointed by the General Assembly of said State 
to be of the regiment of foot in said State, 

reposing special trust and confidence in your iidelity, courage, care 
and good conduct, I do by virtue of the laws of this State constitute 
and appoint you to be of said regiment. You are therefore 

to take said regiment into your care and charge as their , 

and carefully and diligently to discharge that care and trust in order- 
ing and exercising them, both officers and soldiers, in arms according 
to the rules and discipline of war, keeping them in good order and 
government and commanding them to obey you as their for 

the service of this State ; and they are commanded to obey you 
accordingly. And you are to conduct and lead forth the said regi- 
ment or such part of them as you shall from time to time receive 
orders from me or from the Governor of this State for the time being, 
to encounter, repel, pursue and destroy by force of arms and hy all 
fitting ways and means, alt the enemies of this State who shall at any 
time hereafter in a hostile manner attempt or enterprize the invasion, 
detriment or annoyance of this State. And you are to observe and 
obey such orders and instructions as from time to time you shall re- 
ceive from me or other your superior officers pursuant the trust hereby 
reposed in you and the laws of this State. 

Given under my hand and tlic seal of this State at this day 

of Anno jOom. 177 . 

By his Honor's command. 

In the Lower Souse : The above form of a Commission is ap- 
proved of. 

Attest. Benja. Huntington, Clerk. 
Concurr'' in the Upper House, 

Test. George Wyllts, Secret'. 

Jonathan Trumbull, Esq', Captain-General and Commander-in- 
Chief of the State of Connecticut in America, 

To Gent., Greeting: 

You being by the General Assembly of this State accepted to be 
Reposing special trust and confidence in your fidelity, 
courage, and good conduct, I do by virtue of the laws of this State 
me thereunto enabling, appoint and impower you to take the said 
into your care and charge as their , care- 

fully and diligently to discharge that trust, exercising your inferior 
officers and soldiers in the use of their arms according to the dis- 
cipline of war ; keeping them in good order and government, and 



Hosted by 



Google 



1T76.] OP CONNECTICUT. 39 

commanding them to obey you as their for the service of 

this State. And you are to observe all such orders and directions as 
from time to time you shall receive either from me or from other your 
superior officer pursuant to the trust hereby reposed in you. 

Given under ray hand and the seal of this State in , the 

day of , A. Bom. 177 . 

By his Honor's Command. 

Ill the Lower Souse : The above form of a commission is approved 
of. 

Attest. Benja. Huntington, Clerk. 

Concurr' in the Upper House. Test. George Wyllys Seoret". 

It being represented to this Assembly that Colo. Ethan Allen to 
gether with about eighteen other natives or inhabitants of this State* 
having been captivated in the service of this and the United States of 
America by a party of armed forces of the King of Great Britain, 
near Montreal in the Province of Quebeck on the 25th of September, 
1775, have suEEered great hardships during their captivity and are 
now confined in a suffering condition promiscuously in a common 
goal at Halifax, and Mr. Levi Allen of Salisbury is now about to at- 
tempt a visit to his brother the said Ethan, by whom a supply may be 
transmitted to said prisoners to whom considerable wages are, due: 

Whereupon it is resolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the 
Governor be desired to write on the subject to his Excellency General 
Washington, the Continental Congress, or to the commanding officer 
at Boston, or each of them, earnestly requesting such seasonable 
and friendly interposition as may be necessary in the premises and 
most likely to procure a speedy exchange of said prisoners ; and that 
the Pay-Table draw an order on the Treasurer of this State to pay 
out of the treasury to the said Levi Allen for the purpose aforesaid 
tiie sum of one hundred and twenty pounds, L. money, taking his re- 
ceipt for the same, to be advanced and paid to the aforesaid prisoners 
on account of their wages due from the United States of America, 
and his account thereof to render when requested. 

The Gentlemen nominated by tlie Votes of the Freemen to stand for Election in 

May next a3 sent in to the General Assembly holden at New Haven on 

thesecondThureday of October, A. D. 1778, are as follow, viz : 

The Hon"" Jonathan Trumbull, Esq'', Richard Law, Esq', 

The Hou^'^ Mathew Griswold, Esq', William Williams, Esq', 

Oliver Wolcott, Esq', Jabez Hamlin, Esq", 

Samuel Huntington, Esq', Elisha Sheldon, Esq% 

* Roger Moore, Salisbury ; Peter Noble, made bis escape at Cape Fear, Carolina ; 
.Iievi Bamum, Nortolh ; Barnabas Cone ; Preston Denton ; John Gray, Sharon ; 
Zachariah Brinsmaid, Wooribury ; William Drinkwaler, New Milford ; Jonathan 
MaliTi, Goshen ; Levi Munson, Wallingford ; Sam' Lewis. Sharon. William Gray, do. 
Da'id Goss, do. ; Amos Green ; Jn" James Burque ; Itliuriel Flowers, Hartford ; 
Charles Stewart, Stanford; Eben' Mack, Norfolk; Adonjjah Muxum, Sharon; 
taken with Col. Allen and now with iiim in Halifax. Ren. War, iv, 396. 



Hosted by 



Google 



40 PUBLIC EBCOEDS [October, 

Eliphalet Dyer, Esq"", Gen. Samuel Holden Parsons, 

Jabez Huntington, Esq', Mr. Titus Hosmer, 

William Pitkin, Esq% Colo. Erastus Wolcott, 

Roger Sherman, Esq'', Mr. Daniel Sherman, 

Abraham Davenport, Esq', Mr. Silas Dean, 

Joseph Spencer, Esq', Gen. James Wadsworth, Ju, 

Upon the memorial of the civil authority and selectmen of the 
town of New Haven, shewing to this Assembly that simdry things are 
necessary for the defence of said town ; praying for relief, as per 
memorial on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the three twelve-pounders lately 
brought into said town remain there at the expence of this State, and 
that the charge of transporting the same be paid out of the treasury, 
liable to be removed by the Governor and Council of Safety, and that 
the company under Capt. Thomson remain where they are stationed, 
remain as a guard at Black Rock, and that the roof of the barrack now 
built be shingled and a chimney built, and that the militia of said 
town of New Baven hold themselves equipped and in constant readi- 
ness to defend said town and not be liable to be removed. And his 
Honor the Governor by the advice of his Council of Safety is impow- 
ered and directed to carry the aforesaid provisions into execution, 
and to make such further provision for the security of said town and 
the rest of the sea-coasts as they think proper and expedient. 

Upon the memorial of Jacob Francis, administrator cum testa- 
mento annexo on the un administered estate of Titus Tharp late of 
Wallingford, deceas'', representing that the debts and charges due 
from the estate of said deceas'^ surmount the moveable part of said 
estate the sum of £66. 17. 1 ; praying for liberty to sell so much of 
the real estate of said deceas* as shall be sufficient to pay said sum, as 
per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorial- 
ist have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby granted unto 
him to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'' as shall be suf- 
ficient to pay said sum of £66,17.1, together with the incident charge 
of such sale ; taking the direction of the court of probate for the dis- 
trict of New Haven therein. 

On the memorial of Elias Becklcy, one of the administrators on 
the estate of John Beckley late of Weathersfield in the district of 
Hartford, deceas'', for liberty to sell so much of the real estate of 
John Beckley of said Weathersfield as will raise the sum of £147.6. 2i, 
to discharge the debts &c. due from said estate with necessary 
charges of sale &c. : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist 
have liberty, and it is hereby granted, that he sell so much of said 
real estate as will procure said sum of £147.6.2^, L. money, to dis- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 41 

charge said debts together with incident charges of sale; taking the 
advice of the court of probate in the district of Hartford. 

Upon the memorial of Levina Pettibone, executrix to the last will 
and testament of Ithiel Pettibone late of Symsbury, deceaa'', shewing 
to this Assembly that the debts and charges allowed by the court of 
probate for the district of Symsbury against the estate of the said 
Ithiel Pettibone dec'', with some small allowance made to the widow of 
said dec^, surmounts the moveable part of said estate the sum of 
^82.10.4, L. money, as per memorial on file: Kesolved by this As- 
sembly, that the memorialist have liberty, and she is hereby impow- 
ered, to make sale of so much of the real estate of the said dec'* as will 
raise said sum of X32.10.4, L. money, together with the incident 
charges arising on such sale ; taking the direction of the court of pro- 
bate for the district of Symsbury therein. 

Upon the memorial of Hezekiah Wadsworth of Farmington, pray- 
ing for the appointment of a committee vested with full power to dis- 
pose of a certain indian right of land situate in said Farmington and 
purchased with the avails of said East Haven Right of Land, so 
called, or at least so much thereof as shall be found to belong to John 
Adams, an indian native removed with his family from said Farming- 
ton into the Mohawks country, as per memorial on file : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that Colo. John Strong, Mr. Elnathan Gridley 
and Mr. Timothy Eoot, be and they are hereby appointed a committee 
with full power and authority by sale to dispose of any propriety or 
proprieties of said right of land upon application of the proprietor or 
proprietors giving said committee satisfaction of his or their determi- 
nation to leave this State, appropriating the avails of said land, so 
disposed of, to the sole use and benefit of him or them, and in his or 
their names to execute a deed or deeds to the purchaser or purchasers, 
and to do every other matter or thing necessary to render the con- 
veyance valid in the law. 

TTpon the memorial of Noble Hinman of New London, shewing to 
this Assembly that a house of entertainment is wanted in that part 
of the town where he lives, and that he is solicited to by many to 
open such an house ; praying for liberty, Ac, as per memorial on file : 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the said Noble Hinman hath liberty 
and the same is hereby granted to him, to keep a tavern or house of 
entertainment In said New London untill the sitting of the county 
court in the county of New London in June nezt : he giving bond as 
the law directs to the treasurer of the county of New London, to ob- 
serve the law respecting tavern-keepers. 

Upon the memorial of Thomas Bidwell, representing to this 
. Assembly that in June last he agreed to supply this State with 



Hosted by 



Google 



42 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

sulphur, provided such iron-work aa was necessary for that purpose 
should be procured by said State, which iron-work could not be ob- 
tained, whereby he hath lost his time and been upon expence ; pray- 
ing for two years from the time he may receive the ut«nsi]s to perform 
said contract, and proper allowance for his loss of time and expence, 
as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the time of 
said contract be lengthened two years from this time, and that the 
Treasurer of this Colony pay to the memorialist the sum of thirty 
pounds three shillings for his loss of time and expence. 

Upon the memorial of the inhabitants of the town of Stratford, 
shewing to this Assembly the exposed situation of said town from 
their enemies both foreign and domestick, that their distance from 
Long Island about twen^ miles and that a large point of land lies 
between said town and the sound with a good shear for landing, 
which gives the enemy great advantage to land a party and destroy 
the town &c., and that the fears of the people are greatly increased 
in their present alarming circumstances &c.; praying this Assembly 
to station a guard of twenty men in said town during the term of one 
month, under a proper officer &c., as appears per memorial on file, 
dated Nov^5"", 17T6: Besolved by this Assembly, that the inhabi- 
tants of said Stratford shall have (he liberty and privilege of raising 
by voluntary inlistment twenty able-bodied effective men, exclusive 
of their officers, and to be well armed and equipp'', with one lieuten- 
ant, two sergeants and two corporals, and that Lieut. Ebenezer Coe 
of said town be appointed and directed immediately to inlist said 
soldiers and order and command them to their proper station and 
duty for the purpose aforesaid, not exceeding one month. And said 
officers and soldiers shall have their billett and pay while in said ser- 
vice as other officers and soldiers receive and be paid by this State. 

Upon the memorial of the civil authority, selectmen and commit- 
tee of inspection of the town of Norwalk, shewing to this Assembly 
the exposed situation of said town and the necessity of having; some 
of the militia stationed there and the great difficulty of billeting 
troops there on account of the number of sick soldiers that are already 
sent to that and the town of Stanford and Greenwich ; praying that 
the militi^ of said town of Norwalk may be stationed there for its de- 
fence &c., as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
his Honor the Governor be desired and he is hereby desired, to give 
directions to Maj' General Wooster to station a sufficient number of 
the militia under his command in the towns of Norwalk, Stanford 
and Greenwich, where he shall judge most needfull for the safety of 
those towns ; and that the Maj' General so order and direct the mat- 
ter that the respective militias of said respective towns be respectively 
stationed in said several towns, where they belong, so far as necessity 
and conveniency will admit. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 43 

Upon the raemorial of Alexander Thomson of Litchfield, shewing 
to this Assembly that before the superior court holden at Litchfield, 
Feby. 1774, he was convicted of manslaughter; praying that in fu- 
ture he may be exempted from the consequence of said conviction, as 
per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the said Ales' 
Thomson be and he is hereby restored to the privilege of giving evi- 
dence in court, said conviction notwithstanding. 

Upon the memorial of Samuel Tyler and Elizabeth Tyler, admin- 
istrators on the estate of Lathrop Tyler late of Wallingford, dec'', 
shewing that tlie debts now due from said estate surmount the per- 
sonal estate of said deceas'* the sum of £$61. 8. 7 ; praying for lib- 
erty to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'' as shall be suffi- 
cient to discharge said sum: Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialists have and liberty is hereby granted to them, to make sale 
of so much of the real estate of said dec^ as shall be sufficient to dis- 
charge the aforesaid sum due with the incident charges of sale arising 
thereon ; taking the advice of the court of probata for the district of 
New Haven therein. 

Upon the memorial of Jonathan Coe of Torrington, administrator 
on the estate of Oliver Coe, deceas*, shewing that the said Oliver was 
taken sick in. the northern army last year and returned home and 
continued sick a long time whereof he died ; that he expended large 
sums in his said sickness, to the amount of ^14. 6, 0, and left but 
very little estate and a numerous family ; praying for relief &c. : Re- 
solved by this Assembly, that the Committee of Pay-Table draw an 
order on the Treasurer in favour of the memorialist for said sum of 
^14. 6. 0, the amount of said expencc. 

Upon the memorial of Lois Maltrop of New Haven, administratrix 
upon the estate of Solomon Maltrop, dec*, representing that the debts 
and charges due from the estate of said deceas"' surmount the move- 
able part of said estate the sum of £40. 10. ; pmying for liberty to 
sell so much of the real estate of said deceas* as shall be sufficient to 
pay said sum ; as per memorial on file appears : Resolved by this As- 
sembly, that the memorialist have liberty, and liberty and authority 
is hereby granted unto her, to sell so much of the real estate of said 
deceas^ as shall be suificient to pay said sum of £40. 10. 0, together 
with the incident charge of such sale; taking the direction of the 
court of probate for the district of New Haven therein. 

Upon the memorial of Simeon Smith, administrator on the estate 
of William Walworth, late of Groton, deceas'', shewing to this Assem- 
bly that the debts' and accounts allowed by the court of probate for 
the district of Stoningtown against- the estate of said Walworth, 
deceas*, surmount the inventoried personal estate of said deceas'' the 



Hosted by 



Google 



44 PUBLIC EECORDS [October, 

sum of ^£23. 11. 2, L. moiiCY ; praying for liberty to sell so much of 
the real estate of said deceas'^ as shall be sufficient to pay the same 
&c. ; as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
said Simeon Smith have liberty, and authority is hereby granted and 
given to him, to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'' as shall 
raise a sum sufficient to pay the said sum of X23. 11. 2, L. money, to- 
gether vrith the necessary charges arising on such sale ; taking the 
direction of the court of probate for the district of Stonington therein. 

Upon the memorial of Jabez West of Norwich, shewing to this 
AsBembly that he was a sutler in the army and supplied the sick with 
sundry articles for their relief, to the amount of ^70. 13. 6.: Re- 
solved by this Assembly, that said account be and the same is hereby 
referred to the Committee of Pay-Table, who arc hereby directed to 
examine, adjust and liquidate said account and to draw an order for 
such sum as they shall find due to the memorialist on the Treasurer 
nd charge the same to the United States of America. 

Upon the memorial of Harmah Deming, administratrix on the es- 
tate of Waitstill Deming late of Weathersficld in the district of Hart- 
ford, deccas*, shewing to this Assembly that the debts and charges, 
with a small allowance of necessary moveables set to the widow of 
said deceas*. surmount the moveable estate of said deceas'' the sum of 
^35. 17. 2, L. money, as per memorial on file; Resolved by this As- 
sembly, that the memorialist with Mr. Aaron Porter have liberty, and 
liberty and authority is granted to the memorialist and the said 
Aaron Porter, to make sale of. so much of tlie real estate of said de- 
ceas"* as will raise said sum of ^35. 17. 2, L. money, with incident 
charges arising on such sale ; taking the direction of the court of 
e in the district of Hartford therein. 



Upon the memorial of James Thurber of Pomfrett, shewing to 
this Assembly that on the 8th day of December, 1773, he for the con- 
sideration of ninety pounds, L. money, paid, purchased of Benjamin 
Payne, then of said Pomfrett, a certain piece of land lying in said 
Pomfrett and rec^ a proper deed of release thereof from said Payne 
under Ids hand and seal of that date, which lands and part of build- 
ings thereon standing are described in said deed as follows, viz: being 
the same tract or parcell of land that was set over to be the right of 
Thomas Payne son of Noah Payne late of Pomfreb dec'' ; said tract of 
land contains about forty-eight acres with one-half of a dwelling- 
house and one-half of a barn thereon standing; and that said Ben- 
jamin soon after the giving said deed suddenly dyed not having 
aclinowledged the same ; and praying to this Assembly that said deed 
may be receiv'' and recorded on the town records for deeds in said 
town of Pomfrett, and be received and allowed as evidence of a title 
to said land in him said memorialist as fully as if said deed had been 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP COXNECTICUT. 45 

acknowledged by said dec^ in his lifetime &g., as per memorial on 
file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the said deed may be received 
and recorded on the town records for deeds in said town of Pomfretfc 
and shall be received and allowed as evidence as fully as if said deed 
had been acknowledged by said deceased in his life time. 

Upon the memorial of Stephen Gold, of Redding in the county of 
Fairfield, executor of the last will and testament of Daniel Gfold late 
of said Redding, deceas", shewing to this Assembly that the debts and 
charges allowed by the court of probate for thedistrict of Fairfield 
against the estate of said deceas^ surmount the moveable estate of 
said deceas'' the sum of ^E225. 12. 4, L. money, for the payment of 
which no provision is made by the testator; praying for liberty to 
make sale of real estate &c. : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialist have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby granted 
him, to make sale of so much of the real estate of said deceas'' as 
shall be sufficient to raise said sura of ^£225, 12. 4 with the incident 
charges arising on such sale ; taking the advice and direction of said 
court of probate for the district of Fairfield therein. 

Upon the memorial of Caleb Atwater, of Wallingford in New 
Haven county, representing to this Assembly that he has been at ^ 
great expence in erecting works for the manufacturing salt-petre, and j 
that he has long carried on that business, and that being an ensign in ; 
the 10th regiment of militia in Connecticut he is now ordered to join ' 
said regiment and march with them for the defence of the Colony 
&c. ; praying that he may be released from said service, as per me- 
morial &a. : Resolved by this Assembly, that said Caleb Atwater be 
released and freed from marqhing with said regiment in their present 
service. 

* 

Upoii the memorial of Eliphalct Beeeher of New Haven, shewing 
to this Assembly that he expended large sums during last war in pur- 
chasing and procuring teams for the use of the army, as per memorial 
on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist receive on 
account of his disbursements mentioned, out of the treasury the sum 
of twenty pounds, lawfuU money, and the Treasurer is hereby directed 
to pay the same accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of Jabez Brainerd and others, shewing to this 
Assembly the necessity of a house of public entertainuaent on the 
road between the towns of Haddam and Durham, and praying that 
Nathan Smith of said Haddam may be authorized for that purpose : 
This Assembly doth appoint the said Nathan Smith to keep a house- 
of public entertainment untill he or some other suitable person may 
be by law appointed for the purpose aforesaid : the said Smith giving 
sufficient bonds to the treasurer of the county of Hartford for a due 
performance of the same. 



Hosted by 



Google 



46 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

Upon the memorial of Isaac Ray, of Haddam in the county of 
Hartford, administrator on the estate of Joseph Ray of said Haddam, 
deceas*, shewing to this Assembly that the debts Ac. due from the 
estate of said deceas*' and allowed by the court of probate for the dis- 
trict of Midletown, with some allowance to the widow of said deceas*', 
sm'mount the inventoried estate of said dec^ the sum of £1^ 13 2, L, 
money ; praying for liberty to make sale of so much of the real estate 
of said deceas" as will raise the aforesaid sum with incident charges 
of sale; as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
the memorialist have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby 
granted to him, to malce sale of so much of the real estate of said 
deceas'' as shall be sufficient to raise the sum of ^14 13 2, lawfull 
money, with incident charges of sale ; taking the direction of the 
court of probate for the district of Midletown therein. 

Upon the memorial of Ebenezer Cbaffee of Woodstock, shewing to 
this Assembly that on the 10=" day of May, 1776, he purchased of 
Ebenezer Smith jun'', Esq', then of said Woodstock, a piece of land 
therein and received a proper deed thereof of that date in and by 
which said land is described in the words following, viz: One cer- 
tain tract or parcell of land in said Woodstock called the Old Orchard, 
near the dwelling-house of the said Chaffee, containing by estimation 
two acres be the same more or less, and bounds norfli and east on 
highways and south and west upon land of the late farm of Samuel 
Howlet ; and paid to said Smith the sum of £12 10 0, L. money, for 
said land, and said Smith soon after died not having acknowledged 
said deed, whereby the same is not recorded ; and praying that the 
said deed may now be recorded in the I'ecords of deeds for said Wood- 
stock, &c., as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
the said deed from said deceas" to the said Chaffee of the abovesaid 
land aittf together with this resolve be recorded in the records of 
deeds in and for said town of Woodstock and shall be recciv" and 
treated a.s evidence of a title to said land in the said Chaffee as fully 
as if said deed had been acknowledged by said deceas" in his life time. 

Upon the memorial of James Willson of Boston,* shewing to this 
Assembly that he was wounded while employed in the public service ; 
praying for relief, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assem- 
bly, that said Willson receive the sum of three pounds, L. money, 
and the Treasurer is hereby directed to pay the same accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of Thaddeus Cook, Gideon Horsford, Andrew 
Andrews and Timothy Hall, selectmen of the town of WalUngford, 
representing that the civil authority and selectmen of said town hav- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 17 

ing taken under their care Elijah Hotchlciaa of said town, who by idle- 
ness &c. was likely to he reduced to want, and him and his family 
have disposed of according to law, and that the debts now due from 
said Hotchkisa amount to the sum of fifty pounds, and that he hath 
real estate sufficient for the payment of said sums ; praying for liberty 
to sell so much of the real estate of said Hotchkiss as shall be sufii- 
cient to pay said sura, as per memorial on file appears : Resolved by 
this Assembly, that the memorialists have liberty, and liberty and 
authority is hereby granted unto them, to sell so much of the real 
estate of said Hotchkiss as shall be sufficient to pay the sum of 
£50 0, L., money, together with the incident charges of such sale, 
which sum of X50 0, so to be raised cut of the estate of said Hotch- 
kiss, shall be improved for the payment of said debts. 

Upon the memorial of Gideon Hubbell of Fairfield, executor of 
the last will and testament of Ezekiel Sanford late of Fairfield, 
deceas", shewing to this Assembly that the debts and charges allowed 
by the coui-t of probate for the district of Fairfield against the estate 
of said deceas'', with an allowance to the widow of said deceas^ for 
necessaries, surmount the moveable estate of said deceas'' the sum 
of .£34 7 5; praying that some meet person may beimpowered to 
make sale of real estate &a.: Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialist have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby granted 
him, to make sale of so much of the real estate of said deceas* as 
shall be sufficient to raise said sum of .£34 7 6, with the incident 
charges arising on such sale; taking the advice and direction of the 
court of probate for the district of Fairfield therein. 

Upon the memorial of Eimice Curtisa, of Stratford in the county 
of Fairfield, executrix upon the last will and testament of Nathan 
Curtiss late of Stratford, deceas*, representing to this Assembly that 
the debts exhibited to and allowed by the court of probate for the dis- 
trict of Fairfield against the estate of the aforesaid Nathan Curtiss 
surmount the inventoried moveable estate of said dec* the sum of 
£103 8 0, to pay which she, the memorialist, hath nothing in her 
hands ; praying this Assembly to authorize and impower her to sell 
80 much of the real estate of aforesaid deceas* as shall be suSicient 
to pay the aforesaid sum of £103 8 0, together with the incidental 
charges arising upon said sale, as per memorial on file : Resolved by 
this Assembly, that the memorialist have liberty and she is hereby 
authorized and impowered, to sell so much of the real estate of said 
deceas" as shall be sufficient to pay and satisfy the afores* sum of 
£103 8 0, together with the incidental charges arising upon the sale 
of said estate ; taking the direction of the court of probate for the 
district of Fairfield in the premises. 



Hosted by 



Google 



48 PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

Upon the memorial of Nathan Dennisoii, Esq', and the rest of the 
inhahitants of tlie district, of Kingatonin the county of Westmoreland, 
praying that said district may be constituted a distinct ecclesiastical 
society, as per memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that 
that tract of land situate on the west side of Susquehannah Eiver 
hounded east on said Susquehannah River, south on the district of 
Plimouth, north on the district of Exeter, and west on the wilderness, 
containing twenty-five square miles, be and the inhahitants living 
within said limits are constituted a distinct ecclesiastical society, 
with all the powers, privileges and immunities which other ecciesias- 
ticai societies by law enjoy; and said society shall be called and known 
by the name of the Society of Kingston. 

Upon the memorial of Gideon Ray of Voluntown and Mary Palmer 
of Stonington, administratrix on the estate of William Palmer 4"', 
late of Stonington, deceas", shewing to this Assembly that said 
William in his life time agreed with said Ray to sell to him a tract of 
land containing one hundred acres be the same more or less, lying in 
said Voluntown, being all that part of the real estate of Jonathan 
Palmer late of Voluntown, dec"*, which was given to the said William 
in the last will and testament of said Jonathan, deceas* ; that said 
William and Gideon in fact drew the deed and other writings neces- 
sary to compleat said bargain and sale but for want of a justice of 
peace in the vicinity to take the acknowledgment of said deed the 
same was delayed, soon after which the said William Palmer in the 
month of August, 1775, was taken sick and dyed, and that the circum- 
stances of the widow and family of said William deceas*' are such as 
require the said bargain and sale to be compleated ; praying for liberty 
and authority to be granted to said administratrix to execute a deed 
of said land to said Ray agreeable to said bargain made by said Wil- 
liam &G., as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
the said Marj' Palmer, administratrix on the estate of said William 
deceas'' hath liberty, and authority is hereby granted to her, to make, 
execute, acknowledge and deliver a deed of said land to said Ray, 
and to receive the pay for said land as the estate of said William 
dec", and to be accountable therefor as such, taking the advice and 
direction of the court of probate for the district of Stonington 
therein ; and such deed so executed and deliver'' to said Ray and 
duly recorded shall be as good evidence of a title to the same in said 
Ray, his heirs ifec., as though such deed had been executed in the 
same manner by said William in his life time. 

Upon the memorial of the town of Kent in the county of Litchfield, 
praying for liberty that for the future the inhabitants of said town 
make, mend and maintain their highways by a town rate, and that it 
be passed into a law the better to enable said town to maintain their 
own highways as said town shall agree, and that the inhabitants of 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTJICDT. 49 

said town be excused from working at highways in the usual method ; 
as per memorial on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the said town of Kent have liberty, 
and authority is hereby granted to the inhabitants of said town, to 
tax the poles and rateable estate of said inhabitants to raise such sums 
of money as said town shall from time to time judge necessary and 
sufficient to repair all public highways in said town, which tax shall 
be collected by <Jie several surveyors of the several districts for re- 
pairing highways in said town and be by such surveyors laid out and 
improved for the repairing highways in each district in said town ; 
and said town is hereby impowered, by the selectmen or a committee 
chosen annually or from time to time as occasion shall require, to 
divide the highways in said town into districts and to assign to each 
surveyor a certain proportion of highways to be repaired and main- 
tained, and to divide out and proportion to the several surveyors of 
the several districts the money so raised by said town according to 
the quantity or proportion of roads set out to them as aforesaid to be 
repaired and maintained ; and any assistant or justice of the peace is 
hereby authorized to issue forth warrants to such surveyors to levy 
and collect such taxes arising in manner aforesaid within their re- 
spective districts, in the same manner and form as other town taxes 
are collected ; and every such surveyor shall render a true account of 
such money by him so collected to the selectmen of said town in a 
reasonable time when thereto required after the same becomes paya- 
ble to said collectors ; and all surplus of such money as shall remain 
in the hands of such surveyors or any of them after such highways 
are sufficiently repaired shall be paid into the hands of the treasurer 
of said town for the time being, and by him and his successors in said 
office paid out to the next succeeding surveyors of the several dis- 
tricts respectively in the same proportion as the money raised by said 
town for the purpose of repairing highways for the then current year 
shall by said selectmen or committee be ordered to be divided. 

And it is further resolved. That this liberty and authority shall be 
and remain to said town of Kent during the pleasure of this Assembly. 



The sums Total of the tists of the Polls and Rateable 


.tiSMSSSr 


raral 


Hartford, 


,£41367 6.. 6(i. 


, Fairfield, 


^44764 6..10i. 


Weathereiield, 


30607 19 3 


Nor»alk, 


38621 2 


5 


Bast Windsor, 


27600 


Danbury, 


27312 14 


9 


Colchester, 


80698 2 


Newtown, 


21937 


2 


Windsor, 


23182 8 10 


Bidgfield, 


14876 13 


8 


Tolland, 


11350 14 2 


Redding, 


12770 14 





Glastonbury, 


19001 « 


New Fairfield, 


12713 5 





Chatham, 


20654 IS 


Stratford, 


49900 





Stafford, 


11179 6 6 


Greenwich, 


19565 10 


3 


Haddam, 


13675 13 


Stamford, 






Vol. XVI 


.-4 









, Hosted by 



Google 



PUBLIC RECORDS 



[October, 



Bolton, 


£08641 6i. 


Od. 


Windham, 


£29375 9., 


. 9<J. 


Hebron, 


23500 





Lebanon, 


38387 12 





Infidd, 


10550 





Canterbury, 


21216 14 


9 


Willington, 


8197 16 


3 


Plainfield, 


12175 3 





Suffield, 


18841 18 





Pomfret, 


23174 8 





Snmniers, 


8500 





Mansfield, 


21384 16 


9 


East Haddam, 


23153 8 





Coventry, 


19105 4 





Farmington, 


64100 11 


4 


Asbford, 


.17348 12 


6 


Symsbury, 


34000 





Killingley, 


26904 5 


6 


Midletown, 


39700 





Vojuntown, 


12930 1 





New HaTCn, 


60252 4 


9 


Woodstoclt, 


20742 10 





Wallingford, 


43093 12 


7 


Litchfield, 


25308 6 





Waterbury, 


87756 8 


6 


Woodbnry, 


67360 





Gnilford, 


34166 6 


5 


New Milford, 


28501 


3 


Branford, 


22951 13 


3 


Salisbury, 


16971 18 





Milford, 


27975 18 10 


Goahen, 


11158 18 


6 


Derby, 


18138 6 


9 


Westmoreland, 


16996 13 





Dupbam, 


12801 15 


4 


Torrineton, 


8854 16 





New London, 


27667 18 





Sharon, 


15936 10 





Norwich, 


60756 6 


7 


Cornwall, 


9400 





Stonington, 


35449 6 


9 


Kent, 


15829 7 


6 


Groton, 


22860 1 


3 


New Hartford, 


9892 15 


3 


Preston, 


22767 4 


6 


Norfolk, 


8756 3 





Lyme, 


25867 6 


9 


Hartland, 


6421 10 





Saybrook, 


24731 14 





Harwington, 


8636 19 





KilHngworth, 


19645 19 


2 


Canaan" 


15163 3 






Upon the memorial of Rufus Lathrop and the rest of the Com- 
mittee of Inspection for the town of Norwich, shewing to this Assem- 
biy that the cargo of molaases imported in the brig Nancy, lately be- 
longing to Joshua Winslow late of Boston, deceas^, is. still in their 
hands ; praying for more explicit directions for the disposal thereof 
than was given to thera in a resolve of this Assembly in June last ; 
as per memorial on file. 

Jte-golved by this Assembly, That Rufus Lathrop, Esq', Capt, 
Jabez Perkins and Mr, Dudley Woodbridge of Norwich, be and they 
are hereby appointed a committee under oath to apprize said cEirgo 
and take a true inventory thereof and of the sales of said brig and 
appurtenances which have been sold and to call to account and make 
a full settlement with all such persons as have had the care of said 
brig and cargo or now have the same or any part or avails thereof in 
their hands and receive the same and lay a true stating thereof before 
this Assembly at their next session for approbation ; and said Lathrop, 
Perkins and Woodbridge, are hereby directed to deliver said cargo 
together with an invoice of what they deliver and charges thereon to 
the commissaries of supplies and rrfreshments for the Connecticut 
troops, agreeable to the orders of his Honor the Governor and Coun- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1-776.] OP CONNECT.ICDT. 51 

cil of Safety, taking receipts therefor; and the avails of said brig and 
appurtenances shall be deposited in the hands of the Treasurer of this 
Colony, and said inventory and receipt be lodged in the hands of the 
Secretary and duplicates or copies of said receipts shall be lodged with 
the Committee of Pay-Table ; and the whole amount of proceeds of 
said vessell and cargo shall be held to be responded by the Treasurer 
in the same manner as was ordered by this Assembly in their said 
resolye in June last. 

To the Hon'"'' General Assembly of the Colony of Connecticut now 
sitting at New Haven : 

The Committee of Inspection for the town of Woodbury beg leave ^ 
to represent to your Honora, that the Committee of Safety for the 
State of New York on the 21" instant sent nine prisoners, who were 
sailors except a child, and taken at Staten Island sometime last summer, 
to this committee. The said prisoners from the time of their first 
being captivated untill this time were stationed at Pound Kidge in 
West Chester ■ county, which place the said Committee of Safety 
apprehend was not safe for them to reside in any longer as the en- 
emy are within a few miles of that place. This committee were and 
still are in doubt whether said Committee of Safety was authorized 
and impowered by the resolves of the Hon'''' Continental Congress to 
send said prisoners into this State, and whether this committee are 
impowered by said resolvgs to provide for them. Yet nevertheless, 
considering the extraordinary circumstances attending the case and 
the apparent necessity of the said prisoners being removed from that 
place, this committee did receive said prisoners and have made pro- 
vision for them for the present and have appointed Colo. Increase 
Mosely to superintend their conduct untill we can receive particular 
instructions and directions from your Honors relating to the whole of 
said matters, which we humbly request. The said prisoners are so 
destitute of cl«athing that it seems impossible they can subsist 
through the ensuing winter unless they are provided for by the pub- 
lic, as it is not probable they can provide for ^emselves at this season 
of the year by their labour. All which is submitted to your Honors 
by your Honors most obed' humble serv". 

In the behalf and by order of the Com"', 

Edwahd Hinman, Chairman. 

Dated Woodbury, Octob' 22^ 1776. 

The names of the within mentioned prisoners are, James Willson, 
John Murray, Samuel Coppin, Jeremiah Riordon, Henry KiUigrove, 
Michael Couney, Cesar Freeman, William Patterson and his daughter 
Mary Ann Patterson. Certifyed per Increase Mosely Ju., Clerk. 

Upon the within representation made by the Committee of Inspec- 
tion in the town of Woodbury : Resolved by this Assembly, that said 
committee do safely keep and afford comfortable support to said pris- 
oners to the amount of the sum allowed by Congress, where said com- 



Hosted by 



Google 



6* PUBLIC RECORDS [October, 

mittee shall judge their own earnings not sufficient for that purpose, 
ijntill they may receive further proper order respecting said prisoners. 

_ Resolved hy this Assembly, That the stile of the public records of 
this State for the future, including the present sessions, be as followB, 
wz.; At a General Assembly of the Governor and Company of the 
State of Connecticut in New England in America, instead of the former 
Btile made use of. 

Whereasthe state of public affairs is suchthatthis Assemblycannot 
attend to the hearing of private business between party and party r 
Resolved by this Assembly, that all petitions and memorials between 
party and party depending before this Assembly be referred for the 
further consideration to the General Assembly to be holden at Hart- 
ford on the second Thursday of May nest, and that all committees here- 
tofore appointed on any of said petitions and memorials have power 
and are directed to hear, examine and report, to said May Assemblv, 
and also that all protections of persons and estates from attachments, 
arrest and imprisonment granted on any of said petitions and memo- 
rials shall be continued and remain in full force till the rising of said 
Assembly in May next. 

This Assembly do grant to his Honor the Governor one hundred 
and fifty pounds, for the last half of his sallary the current year, and 
the Treasurer is ordered to pay the same accordingly. 

This Assembly do grant to his Honor the Deputy Governor fifty 
pounds, for the last half of his salary the current year, and the Treas- 
urer is ordered to pay the same accordingly. 

This Assembly was adjourned by Proclamation until the Governor, 
or in his absence the Deputy Governor, shall see cause to call it to 
meet again. 

Test, George "Wylltb, Secret'. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.} OP CONNECTICUT. 



At a KEETiNfl OF THE Governor and Councii. of Safety at Nkw Havkn 

OCTOBBR llTH. 1776. 

Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Titua Hosmer, 1 

Jabea Huntiogton, Wm Hillhouae, I Esq'\ 
Benj, Huntingcon, ) 

A consultation was had concerning the Expedition of Colonels Richmond 
and Livingston to Long Island, and a mode of preparation adopted, which his 
Honor the Governor took in hand to give the necessary orders &c. with all 
possible secrecy ; and Mr. Shaw was sent home with orders to forward aaid 
expedition as fast as possible.* 

At a meeting of the Governor and Oodncil of Safety, N. Havbn, 
OcTOBBB 2lsT, 1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Wm Hillhouse, V Esq". 
Rich'' Law, Benj. Huntington, ) 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table tor four hundred pounds, L. money, in 
favour of Col. Joshua ?orter, to enable him to carry on the Cannon 
Foundery, and to be in account Order drawn the Slst Oct', 1776. Delivered to 
Col. Porter. 

Voted and resolved, To direct Col. Joshua Porter, and he is hereby 
directed, to borrow forty bushels of salt on the credit of this State, for the 
use of the Cannon Foundery under hia care ; and the same shall be replaced 
by the State to any gentleman who shall lend him the same on credit of 
this resolve. Copy delivered to Col. Porter Oeto. 21st, 1776. 



At a meetiso of the -Governor and Council of Safety Octo. 22d, 
1776. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor tbe D. Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 

Jabea Huntington, "Wm Hillhouse, 
Rich' Law, Benj. Huntington. 

Voted, To allow Mr. Adam Babcock & Co., to export sixty barrels of salt 
beef to Rhode Island, for the use of their privateer. 

» Voted, To sell to Mr. Adam Babcock & Co. two of the cannon and car- 
riages takenon board the ship Ouinea Man and brought in by Capt. 
Harding to New London. 

Voted, To desire Mr. Hosmer to give orders to Mr. Buell for 40 fire-arms 
to be delivered to Capt. Wm. Coit for the use of the ship Oliver Cromwell. 



• Letters of Gov. Trumbull on tliia subject are printed in 5th Am. Arehiveg, il. 



Hosted by 



Google 



^ CODNCIL OP SAFETY [Octobcr, 

Voted, To appoint an Ensign and give him orders to iclist 20 men withont 
premium and at 40s. wages per month, to be for the defence of this and tbe 
United States of America, and to man the fort at Miiford Harbour untUI 
further orders, and to serve untill the 25tb day of December next unless sooner 
discharged. And Capt. Benj. Hine is appointed an Ensign ior said service 
with the pay of an ensign. 

At a meeting or the Governor and Coukcil op Safety October 23d, 1776. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the D. Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 1 

J abez Huntington, Wm. Hillhouae, >■ Esq". 
Rich* Law, Benj. Huntington, ) 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for four hundred pounds in favor of 
Mr. James Tilly, for cordage, and to be in account. Order drawn Octo' 23" 
1776. D^ to Mr. N. Shaw. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for £200. 0. 0. Favor of Capt. Uriah 
Hayden, towards his building the ship Oliver Cromwell^ and to be in account. 
Order drawn Ocit/ 28", 1776. Ifi to Capt. Willianis. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for £75. 0. 0, in favor o£ Capt. Benj. 
Williams, towards Iron Work for the ship Oliver Cromwell, and to be in 
account. Order drawn Octo' 23^, 1776- O'' to Capt. Williams. 

Voted, That Mr. Levi Young be and he is hereby appointed Master of 
the ship Oliver Cromwell; and his Honor the Governor is desired to grant 
Mm a warrant to exercise the said office accordingly. 

Voted, To order Capt. Harding with the brig Defence to sail on a cruise 
against the enemies of these States for about two months. 

Voted, That Capt. Wm. Coit with the ship Oliver Cromwell under his com- 
mand be ordered on a cruise of about two months. Orders given OcC SS' 
1776. 

Voted, Give orders to Mr. Nath" Sbaw jun', to supply the ship Oliver 
Cromwell and the brig Defence with suitable stores of every kind for a cruise 
of two months each. Orders given Veto' 2S^, 1776. 

At a meeting of the GtOVERNOR and Council of Safety Octo" 26™, 1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the D, Governor. 
Eliph" Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, i Esq". 
Rich^ Law, Benj, Huntington. ) 

VoUd, To desire his Honor the Governor to grant permit to Capt. Elizur 
Goodrich of Weathers6eld, to export in the sloop Betsey, aaid Gioodrioh 
master, to Marygallant * the following articles, (viz:) 80 barrels of beef, 25 
barrels of flour, 15 barrels of pork, six oxen, and sixty dozen of poultry, 
and to make returns in salt. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table in favor of Capt. Joseph Thomson for 
the sum of three hundred pounds, towards the billeting and wages of the 

• Marie- Galante. one of the French W, I. islands. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICDT. 55 

company under his conamand, and to be in account. Ordtr drawn Octo' gff"* 
1776. D" to Capt. Jo. Thomson. 

Voled, ITiat Col. Jon"" Fitcli be directed for the future to supply the troops 
under the command of Capt, Jo. Thomson in New Haven with provisions, 
agreeable to orders heretofore given. Copy rf* lo Capt, Thomson Octo' 26"^, 
1776. 

Mr. Wm. Greenoiigh, of New Haven, exhibited his account against this 
State, for service done, being £33, 12, 0, which is allowed and an order di- 
rected to be drawn on the Pay-Table for the same. Order drawn Octo' S6'\ 
1776. D' to 

At a meeting of the Goveenor and Cocncu, of Safety Octo" 30™, 1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

[His] Honor the D. Governor, 
Eliph' Dyer, Titus Hoamer, - 

Jz. Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, 

Rich' Law, Benj. Huntington, 

Voted, To accept Jonathan Curtis to be Captain, Timothy Pond Lieuten- 
ant, and Samuel Scovill Ensign, of a company of inhabitants in Northbury in 
Waterbury embodied in pursuance of a late resolve of the General Assem- 
bly ; and his Honor the Governor is desired to grant them commissions 
accordingly. 

Voted, To accept and establish Caleb Jewet Captain, Robert Steadman 
Lieutenant, and. Joseph Lord Ensign of a company of inhabitants in Sharon 
embodied in pursuance of a late resolve of the General Assembly; and his 
Honor the Governor is desired to grant them commissions accordingly. 

Voted, That Oapt. John McCleave and his crew lately belonging to the 
galley Whiting be dismissed aa on Saturday ; aud they are accordingly dis- 
missed as at that time.* 

Voted, To approbate an order given by his Honor the Governor on the 
Pay-Table in favor of Capt. Sam" Squire for £500. as Commissary. 

Voted, To approbate an order drawn by tiie Governor on the Pay-Table 
in favor of Capt. John Cotton, for £50. 0. 0, for the Fort at Saybrook. 

At a meeting op the Governor and Coukcil of Safety Nov' 4th, 1776. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the D. Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm Hillhouse, I ™ 

Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, f " ' 
Andrew Martin was returned as being chosen Captain, Enos Hawley 
Lieutenant, and Nathan Chapman Ensign of a company of householders and 
able-bodied men ready to march to join the regiment in whose limits they 
dwell, which [is] Woodbury &c. 

Voted, To sen twenty-five tons of pig iron belonging to this State to Col. 
Aaron ElHot, at the price of £7. ] 0. 0. per ton at the furnace at Salisbury, 
provided the-eame can be done without interfering with the cannon and shot 
foundery : said Eliot engaging to manufacture the same into steei and to dis- 

* Am. Archives, Sth, ii, 1121-2. 



Hosted by 



Google 



56 COUNCIL OP SAPBTT. [NoTember, 

pose thereof at a reasonable price, in proportion to the cost of the pigs, to 
th» inhabitants of this Stale for their own use and consumption ; and Col. 
Joshua Porter is hereby directed to deliver the same to said Eliot and take 
the pay therefor and render his account. 

Voted, To supply Messrs. Sam" Bird, Arthur Jarvis, John Lathrop and 
Pierpoint Edwards with 10 cannon, 4-pounders, and twelve swivels,* 

Vofed, To supply Stephen Thorp, Abei Gold and aaaociates with 12 can- 
non, 4-pounder6, 8 small swivels, half a ton of round shot, and one hundred 
weight of grape-shot, as also to exchange with them eight hundred weight 
of powder at Mr. Doolittle's works at 5s. i per pound, for good and well 
refined salt-peter at the stated price, D^ the order for powder to Col. 
Jon'* Fitch Noif r*, 1776. 

Vottd, To deliver to Isaac Miles and company 12 cannon, 4-pounders, and 
12 swivels, with shot answerable. 

Voted, To supply Andrew Rowland, Samuel Broom and company with 8 
three -pound era double fortified, 8 swivels. 5 hundred weight of gun.powder 
at 5s. 4 per hundred weight, :i40 round shot and one hundred weight of grape- 
shot 2 ounces each. Order for poteder d' to Col. Jon'" Fitch Nov' T", 1776. 

Voted, To supply Jonathan' Osbom, Farrington and Putnam with 4 nine- 
pounders, six six-pounders, and six three-pound era, and two cohoms. 

Voted, To supply Luther Stoddard and company with 4 six-pounders, 10 
four-pounders and 12 swivels. Order on the foregoing vote d* to Capt. Isaac 
MiUs Nffif 7". 1776. 

. Voted, To supply Messrs. Lyon and company with ten swivels previous to 
any of the foregoing guns granted, and the rest are to be siippHed in the 
order in which they are entered here. 

At a meeting or the Governor and Council or Safety Nov" 6", 1776. 
Present : His Honor the Govemor. 

His Honor the D. Governor- 
Eliph' Dyer, Titus Hoamer, 1 

Jabez Huntington. W" Hillhouse, > Esq", 
Benj- Huntington, ) 

Capt, John McCleave exhibited an account against this State of £428. 9. 
5, which is allowed, for wages and billeting and other expence of the men &c, 
on board the row-galley Whiting lately under his command ; and voted to 
draw on the Pay-Table for the same. Order drawn Nov- 7**, 1776, (f to 
Capt. John McCleave. 

Voted, To give order to Col, Wm. Pitkin to deliver what powder be has 
in his hands belonging to this State to the care of John Lawrence. Esq'. 
Treasurer, who ia hereby directed to receive the same and store and gua.rd 
it in some secure place at his discretion. Copy given Nov' 6* 1776, to Col. 
Piikia. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay- Table for one thousand pounds in favour of 
Mr. Chauncey Whittlesey of Middletown. to enable him to purchase cloath- 
ing for this State for the use. of the troops, and to render his account. 
Order drawn Nov' 6"", 1776. d' to Mr. Chauncey Whittlesey of Middletown. 

IB a privateer, is printed in 5th Am. 



y Google 



1776.] of connecticut. 57 

At a kekting op the Gotehsor and Council of Safety Nov" 7™, 1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His HoDor the D. Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 

Jz. HimtiDgton. Beaj. Huntington. 

Voted, To join with the Commissary General to enter into a. partnership 
mth him for importing (^^-hiiBdred thousand bushells of salt ; and that the 
writings for the same be prepared accordingly. 

At a meeting of the Governor and Council or Safety November 1 3, 1776, 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Eliphalet Dyer, Samuel Huntington, ' 

Jabez Huntington. Jedidiah Elderkin, 

and Nath' Wales jr. ] 

Advised on sundry matters and adjourned to the 14th inat. 

Nov. 14th. Met according to adjournment. 

Present: The aame as yesterday with addition of Benj, Huntington and 
William Hillhouse, Esq". 

Voted, That an order be drawn on the Committ«e of the Pay-Table for 
twenty-four pounds ten shillings in favor of William Wheler, for his service 
and expence ae commissary at the north end of Lake George anno 1 775. His 
account is as follows, (vie:) 
Dr. State of Connecticut to William Wheeler in capacity of Commissary at 

the North End of Lake George by order of Col. Benj. Hinman, by 

Warrant dated 3d July, 1775. 
To 5 months and ^ in that service at £6 p' mo. £34 

Supra ia Cr. 
By pay as a soldier rec^ from Capt. Nath" Buell on his pay-roll 4 

months and | 9 10 

24 10 

Order drawn Nov' l^fh, 1778. d' to Mr. Wm. Wheehr. The above order 
to he charged ia aaf against the Untied States of America, for the regiment com- 
manded by Vol. Hinman for said service. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for £15 6 5, in favor of Lt. John 
Beedle, lor expence of the guaixJ under his command in bringing a number 
of tories from Stanford to this place and time. Order drawn 1^ Nov'. D* 
to Lt. Beedh. 

Thomas Mumford, Esq', exhibited an account of some small arms and 
three bolts of duck, to amount of £38 14 '0, which is allowed ; and voted to 
draw on the Pay-Table for the same, it being £20 14 for the guns and 
bayonets, and £18 for the duck. Order d' to Tho. Mum-ford, Esq', Nov'. 1^*, 
f776. 

Memorandum,. To rectify the mistake about 14 six-pounder cannon for 
Mr. Thomas Mumford, which ought to have been thought of some time 
pa£sd. 

Voted and resolved. That the Committee of Inspaction of the town of- 
Lebanon be and they are hereby directed and authorized to take the care and 



Hosted by 



Google 



58 I COUNCIL OF SAFETY [November, 

custody of the prisoners sent here under guard from Stanford, as being 
persons dangerous to the State, and to dispose of and govern them in the best 
manner they can as their prudence shall direct, until further orders from the 
General Assembly or the Governor and his Council aforesaid. 

At a mektino of the Governor and Council df Safety, Nov* 15™, 1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Nath. Wales Juii', I 

Jed'' Elderkin, Benj. Huntington, J- Esq". 
W- Hillhouse, ) 

Voted, To draw on the Pay- Table in favor of Capt. W° Coit for the 
sum of one thousand pounds, for the use of the ship Oliver Cromwell, and to 
be in account. Order d' to Wm Coit Nm^. iS". 1776. 

On application of the Committee of Inspection of the town of Preston in 
behalf of sundry prisoners from the State of New York committed to their 
chaise, representing that those prisoners are destitute of cloathing and other 
necessaries for the approaching season : "Voted and resolved, that Alex- 
ander Campbell, William Pemberton and Thomas Swords be permitted to 
pass from Preston to their respective homes under the care and inspection 
of any two of said committee who shall be agreed upon to attend them on 
their journey and back again at the expence of said Campbell, Pemberton 
and Swords ; they giving their parole faithfully to return again with said 
attendants to Preston on their request uftless released from their confinement 
by order of the same authority that sent them here ; and also not to do or 
say anything against the United States of America. And it is further 
resolved, that Walter Scott, Sam" S, G&rdinier. Henry Westonhausen, John 
Duzenbury, Owen Conner, Benj. Greenman, and Jacob Timmerman, also 
have liberty, at their own expence, to return to their families for the pur- 
pose of gaining some sustenance : they first giving their parole to wait on 
the authority that sent them here for further orders concerning them, and 
faithfully to return back to Preston within six weeks from this time, unless 
released by the same authority that ordered their confinement ; and also 
not to do or say anything against the Unit«d States of America during the 
present war. Not to proceed lill the "i5th of Nov' instant, to attend on the 
Governor in their journey, that if anything happens in tlie meantime these 
orders may be revoked and they returned again to Preston. Copy given to 
Benj. Coit Esif. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table in favor of Dr. Joshua Elderkin for 
one thousand pounds, to enable him to purchase cloathing &c. for this State, 
and render his account. Order drawn Nov' iS**, 1776, d' to Mr. Wales. 

Voted, An approbation of an .order drawn by his Honor the Governor 
Nov" 9th, 1776, in favor of Capt. John Deshon on the Pay-Table for £2000, 
and to render his account. 

Voted, An approbation of an order drawn by his Honor the Governor 
Nov' 9th, 1776, for £2000, in favor of M' JJath" Shaw jun'. for puUick use, 
and to render his account. Said order was on the Pay-Table. 

Vo)£d, To approve of an order drawn by his Honor the Governor Nov' 
lltb, 1776. on Messrs. Elderkin and Wales, in favor of Mr. Nathan Pendle- 
ton (or 50 lb, of powder at 5s. 4 per Ih. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 59 

It being represented to this Board that Mr. John Eapalje, in confinement 
at Norwich, is destitute of cloathing and neceasaries for his support for the 
approaching season, and that he is desirous of returning to his family to 
gain the same, as also that he has it in his power to furnish some Connecti- 
cut soldiers imprisoned at N. York with cash upon their drawing in hia 
favor on their friends kc. here, provided he could be suffered to visit his 
family and estate on Long Island which he wishes to do : 

Voted and rewhed, That the said Rapalje hath liberty to return to his 
family on Long Island for the purpose above mentioned, and to remove from 
thence such of his family as he desires to the town of Norwich to reside 
with him : he giving his parole of honor for his faithful return to the Com- 
mittee of [Inspection] as soon as he can within six weeks from the time he 
goes from Norwich, and that he will not do or say any thing against the 
United States of America, or give intelligence or advice concerning the 
affairs or matters of said States during his absence from Norwich ; and he is 
desired to supply Col. Sam" Selden, Capt. Jonathan Brewster, Lt. Nath" 
Gove, Serj' Roger Coit, Lt. Jabez Fitch, and such other prisoners from this 
State as he can with cash &c., upon their friends or some other persons 
undertaking to answer their bills for the same. He hath also liberty to pro- 
care and bring to Judge Jones and othere with him in Norwich such supplies 
of cloathing and sustenance as they want. 

Voled, To give liberty to the Committee of Inspection in Norwich to 
suffer two prisoners residing at Capt. Elijah Backus's to go on their own 
expence to their respective homes in the State of New York to obtain sup- 
plies for their support for the ensuing winter, upon their giving their parole 
to said committee not to do or say anything against the United States of 
America during the present war, and that they will not give the enemy any 
intelligence or advice concerning the affairs of said States or any of them, 
and that they will return a^n to the care of the committee of Norwich 
within six weeks from this time, unless suffered to remain at home by the 
same authority who first sent them here. 

VoUd, To give orders to Col. Jed'' Elderkin and Nath" Wales jun', Esq™, 
to go to New London and to do everything in their power to send out the 
ship Oliver Cromwell on a cruise, and make report &c. Order aiven NoV 16"' 
1776. 

Voted and resolvtd. To appoint Jed"" Elderkin and Natb" Wales jun', Esq", 
to examine into the truth of a representation that Capt. Kennedy of a ship 
loaded out from New York with wheat, bound to Prance, is manned with 
captives and prisoners taken by privateers, and that said faptain Kennedy 
is of a suspected character and it is supposed that the said ship and cargo 
will in all probability fall into the hands of the enemy. Said Elderkin and 
Wales to take such affidavits and other evidence as they think proper and 
material, and make report to the Goveraor and Council of Safety with all 
convenient speed. Order given for Ike above purpose NoV JS*, 1776. 

Voted, To give orders to Mr. Brown of Providence to deliver to Meears. 
Elderkin and Wales what sulphur they shall want now in his care, belonging 
to the continent, agreeable to the resolve of Congress of the 15th of Octo', 
in that behalf. 

Voted. To give order for a quantity of cheese &c. in the hands of Nathan 
Steadraan, said to be ingroesed, and to be held to be proceeded witii accord- 
ing to the law against engrossing Warrant given Nov' IS^, 1776, dtreded 
to the sheriff of JV". London county. 



Hosted by 



Google 



60 PUBLIC RECORDS [November, 

Dr. Sam" Lee of Windham is appointed Surgeon of the ship OUv^ 
Cromwell. And his two apprentices are appointed 2'' and 3'' Mates under 
hina in the order of their, standing as apprentiees, at the wages of £3 
per month each. 



At a General Assembly op the Govbrnob and Company of the 
State op Connecticut in New England in America, holden 
AT Habtpobd by special obdeb op the Govbbnob, on the 
nineteenth day op Novembbb anno Domini 1776. 

Present : 

The Hon'"" J<Hiathan Trumbull, Esq', Governor. 
The Hon*'" Mathew Griswold Esq', Deputy Q-ovemor. 

Jabez Hamlin, Esq', 

Elisha Sheldon, Esq', 

Eliphalet Dyer, Esq', 

Jabez Huntington, Esq', 

William Pitkin, Esq', 

Abraham Davenport, Esq', 

Samuel Huntington, Esq', 

Richard Law, Esq', 

William Williams, Esq', 

Representatives or Deputies of the Freemen of the several Towns are o 
follow, viz.: 

Colo. John Pitkin, Colo. Thomas Seymour, for Hartford. 
Mr, Samuel Lawrence, Maj'. Amos Wilcox, for Symsbury. 
Mr. Neziah Bliss, Mr. John Phelps, for Hebron. 
Colo. Erastus Wolcott, Mr. Benoni Olcott, for East Windsor. 
Capt. John Brooks, Mr. HezekiahBrainerd, for Haddam. 
Capt, Timothy Pearl, Mr. Moses Holmes, for Willington. 
Mr. Ebenezer White, Colo. John Penfield, for Chatham. 
Mr. Edward Collins, Capt. Ephraim Pease, for Enfield. 
Colo. Henry Champion, Mr. John Watrous, for Colchester. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 61 

Capt. Elizur Goodrich, Colo. Thomas Belding, for Weathersfield. 

Capt. Isaac Finney, Capt. Samuel Davisa, for Stafford, 

Mr. Benja. Trumbull, Mr. Seth King, for Bolton. 

Mr. Reuben Sikes, Mr. Aaron Horton, for Somers. 

Mr. Ebenezer Plummer, Mr. Elijah Hollieter, for Glastonbury. 

Colo. Isaac Lee, Mr. John Treadwell, for Farmington. 

Mr. Titus Hosmer, Mr. John Dickinson, for Midletown. 

Mr. Daniel Brainerd, Mr. Samuel Huntington, for East Hadam. 

Mr. Alexander King, Capt. Abraham Granger, for Sufiield. 

Mr. Ichabod Griggs, Capt, Elijah Chapman, for Toland. 

Capt. Henry Allyn, for Windsor. 

Mr, Samuel Bishop, Colo. Jonathan Fitch, for New Haven. 

Capt. John Holbrook, Mr, Elijah Hotchkiss, for Derby, 

Mr, Joseph Hopkins, Capt. Ezra Brownson, for Waterbury, 

Colo, Elihu Chauncey, Mr. Benja. Pickett, for Durham. 

Mr. Samuel Barker, Mr, Dan. Page, for Branford. 

Mr. Nathaniel Stone, Mr. Nathaniel Ruggles, for Guilford, 

Mr, Ephraim Strong, Mr, Isaac Miles, for Milford, 

Capt, Eliakira HaU, Mr. Samuel Beach, for WalHngford. 

Mr, Nathaniel Shaw,iun', Maj' William Hillhouse, for New London. 

Mr. Benja. Huntington, Mr. Rufus Lathrop, for Norwich. 

Mr. Park Avery, Mr, John Hurlburt, for Groton, 

Mr, Hezekiah Lane, Capt. Samuel Gale, for Killingworth, 

Capt, William Witter, Capt. Asa Kinnee, for Preston, 

Capt. Daniel Fish, Mr. Joshua Prentiss, for Stonington. 

Mr. Samuel Field, Capt, Benja, Williams, for Saybrook. 

Mr, John Lay 2ii, Colo. Marshfield Parsons, for Lyme, 

Mr. Jonathan Stui^s, Mr. Thadeus Burr, for Fairfield. 

Capt. Robert Fairchild, Capt. Daniel Judson, for Stratford. 

Mr. James Potter, Capt. Dan Towner, for New Fairfield. 

Mr. Lemuel Sanford ju., Mr. Stephen Betts ju', for Reading, 

Mr. Benja. Weed, Mr. John Davenport, for Stamford. 

Colo. John Mead, Mr. Araos Mead, for Greenwich. 

Mr. Samuel Olmsted, Mr. Stephen Smith, for Ridgefield, 

O^pt. Daniel Taylor, Capt. Comfort Hoit, for Danbury. 

Mr. Thadeus Betts, for Norwalk. 

Capt. Jabez Huntington, Capt. Ebenezer Mosely, for Windham. 

Mr, John Clark, Mr, Joshua West, for Lebanon, 

Mr, Elisha Perkins, Mr. Joshua Dunlap, for Plainfield. 

Mr. Thomas Williams, Mr. Nathan Prink, for Pomfrett. 

Mr. David Payne, Mr. Eliaahib Adams, for Canterbury. 

Maj'. Samuel MeLellan, Capt. Timothy Perrin, for Woodstock. 

Mr. Constant Southworth, Mr. Edmund Freeman, for Mansfield. 

Mr. Simon Learned, Mr. Benja. Leavings, for Killingley. 

Maj' James Gordon, Mr. Robert Hunter, for Voluntown. 

Capt. Ebenezer Kingsbury, Mr. Abraham Burnap, for Coventry, 

Capt, Benja, Clark, Capt. Elisha Wales, for Ashford. 

Mr. Jedidiali Strong, for Litchfield, 



Hosted by 



Google 



62 PUBLIC RECORDS [November, 

Capt. Increase Mosely, for Woodbury. 

Colo. Joshua Porter, Capt. Abiel Camp, for Salisbury. 

Capt. Mathew Gillett, Capt. Isaac Kellogg, for New Hartford, 

Mr. Ephraim Bancroft, Capt. Shubael Griawold, for Torrington. 

Colo. Ebenezer Norton, Mr. David Thomson, for Goshen. 

Maj' Jethro Hatch, Capt, Justus Sackett, for Kent. 

Capt. Sherman Boardman, Mr. Abel Hine, for New Milford. 

Maj' Ebenezer Gay, Mr. James Pardee, for Sharon. 

Capt. Thomas Porter, Mr. Judah Kellogg, for Cornwall. 

Capt. John Watson, Mr. Asahel Bebee, for Canaan. 

Mr. Phineas Kingsbury, Mr. Joseph Wilder, for Hartland. 

Capt. John WillBon, Mr. Josiah Phelps, for Harwin|:^on. 

for Westmoreland. 
Titus Hosmer, Esq'', Speaker, I of the House of Repre- 

Benjamin Huntington, Esq', Clerk, ) sentatives. 

An Act toprevent Monopolies aod Oppression by exceselve and unreasonable 
Prices for manj' of the Neceaaariea and Conveniences of Life. 

Whereas the rapid and exorbitant rise upon the necessaries and 
conveniences of life in this day of public calamity and distress is 
chiefly occasioned by monopolizers, the great pest of society, who prefer 
their own private gain to the interest and safety of their country, and 
which if not prevented threaten[s] the ruin and destruction of the 
State, 

Be it therefore enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, 
in General Court assembled, and iy the authority of the same. That 
for the future the price of labour in the farming way in the summer 
season shall not exceed three shillings per diem, and so in the usual 
proportion at other seasons of the year; and, other labour to be com- 
puted, and of mechanicks and tradesmen according to the usages and 
customs that have heretofore been adopted and practised in the differ- 
ent parts of this State compared with farming labour and the prices 
hereafter set and established. That the prices of the following arti- 
cles at the place of market shall not exceed the several sums hereafter 
mentioned, viz : Wheat not to exceed six shillings per bushel, Rye not 
to exceed three shillings and six pence per bushel, Indian corn not to 
exceed three shillings per bushel, good merchantable Wool not to 
exceed two shillings per pound, good clean well dressed Flax not to ex- 
ceed ten pence per pound, Pork weighing from five to seven score not 
to exceed three pence one farthing per pound, and from seven to ten 
score not to exceed three pence half-penny per pound, and all above 
ten score not to exceed three pence three farthings per pound. Grass 
fed Beef of the best quality not to exceed twenty-four shillings per 
hundred, and so in proportion according to its quality. Raw Hides not 
to exceed three pence per pound. Salt not to exceed ten shillings per 
bushell, good West India Rum of merchantable proof not to exceed 
six shillings per gallon per hogshead, best Muscovado Sugar not to 
exceed sixty shillings per cent, per hogshead, Molasses of the best 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.} OP CONNECTICUT. 63 

quality not to exceed three shillings per |i;allon per hogshead, and so 
in proportion as aforesaid, New England Bum of the best quality not 
to exceed three shillings and sixpence per gallon per hogshead, and 
so in like proportion, Bohea Tea not to exceed four shilhngs and six- 
pence per pound by the chest, Cheese of the best kind not to exceed 
sixpence per pound, and so in like proportion, good Fall Butter 
not to exceed ten pence per pound, and all other necessary articles 
not enumerated to be in a reasonable accustomed proportion to the 
above mentioned articles. 

And he it further enacted, hy the authority aforesaid, That whoso- 
ever shall contract or receive for labour, or vend, sell or receive for 
any of the above enumerated articles more than at the above rate or 
price thereto affixed, or for others not enumerated in an unreasonable 
disproportion thereto, the extraordinary risque and other special cir- 
cumstances considered, shall be accounted oppressive and deemed 
guilty of the breach of this act, and be liable to be proceeded with and 
suffer the pains and penalties of the laws of this State against oppres- 
sion. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That all 
informing officers be and they are hereby directed and especially 
required strictly to enquire into and due presentment to make of all 
breaches of the laws made against oppression, in order to prevent the 
fatal effects of that growing evil. 

Whereas the time limited for taking the oath mentioned in and by 
an act passed in October last for prescribing and enjoining an oath of 
fidelity to the State, having been now taken into further consideration 
and the same being in the opinion of this Assembly too abort for gen- 
eral notification among the people, 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same. That the 
time mentioned and limited in said act for the taking of said oath 
shall be and the same is hereby suspended until the first Monday after 
the first Tuesday in April next; anything in said act to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

An Act to enable the Governor to lay an Embawfo and for rendering the Same 
■wHen laid ©ffactuaT 

Whereas the exportation of necessaries and other articles that 
may be wanted in times of scarcity and times of war may reduce the 
inhabitants of this State to great streights and prove very prejudicial 
to the public interest: Which to prevent, 

Be it enacted hy the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That the 
G-ovemor of this State for the time being, by and with the advice of 
the Council, is hereby fully impowered and desired, from time to time 
as there shall be occasion, to issue out and send forth his proclama- 
tion, thereby to prohibit and forbid the transportation or carrying out 



Hosted by 



Google 



64 PDBLic RECORDS [November, 

of this State, either by land or water, of any article or thing that hia 
Honor the Governor and bia Council shall think necesBary and expe- 
dient to prohibit for the time set and limited in and by such proclamar 
tion: Provided always, that such embargo shall not extend to hinder 
any necessary proviaions from being put on board any ships of war or 
privateers or merchant ships or vessells belonging to this State or to 
any of the inhabitants thereof or to the United States for their neces- 
sary stores, bills of which stores always to be allowed by some assist- 
ant or justice of the peace, in which allowance regard is to be had to 
the number of men and length of the voyage intended, nor shall the 
same continue in force after the expiration of twenty days next after 
the beginning of the next General Assembly that shall happen after 
the date of such proclamation. 

And that all embargoes when laid by the Governor and Council, 
as aforesaid, or by the General Assembly, may be rendered effectual, 
S& it further enacted by the authority/ aforesaid, That upon the 
publishing of a proclamation for an embargo regularly laid every per- 
son whatsoever and all masters of ships or other vessels lying within 
this State shall forthwith land and atop all and every embargoed arti- 
cle or thing as they then have on board such ships or vessels or loaded 
in or upon any cart, carriage, waggon, pack-borse, or otherwise for 
transportation, or that may be driving on the foot, contrary to such 
proclamation, or give a true invoice and account thereof to some naval 
office, assistant or justice of the peace, and also become bound with 
two sufficient sureties to the Treasurer of this State in the penal sum 
of five times the value of such embargoed articles or things which 
they are about transporting and carrying out as aforesaid, with a 
condition to said bond importing that if said embargoed articles or 
things shall be landed or sold in some place in this State for the use 
of the inhabitants thereof, then the aaid bond to be void, but on fail- 
ure thereof to be and remain in full force. And if any person or per- 
sons shall refuse and neglect to conform himself to this act, it shall 
be lawful! for any assistant or justice of the peace, and they are here- 
by ordered in such case, ex officio or on complaint or information, to 
issue forth a warrant to a proper officer to seize and secure such em- 
bargoed articles or things untill such person or persons shall conform 
to this act and also pay all costs occasioned by said refusal or neglect; 
said costs to be taxed and allowed by such assistant or justice. 

And he it further enacted, That if any person or persons shall 
transgress this act, by carrying or driving out of this State any em- 
bargoed article or thing contrary to said proclamation, he or they 
shall forfeit double the value thereof, to be recovered by bill, plaint or 
information, in any court proper to try the same ; one half to him or 
them who shall prosecute the same to effect if prosecuted by a com- 
mon informer, and the other half to the public treasury of this State; 
but if prosecuted by any public informing officer then the whole of 
said forfeiture to belong to said public treasury. And all informing 
officers are hereby directed to prosecute all breaches of thia act. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 65 

And it i» further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That the for- 
taer act entituled An act to enable the Governor to lay an embargo 
aiid for rendering the same eiiectual when laid, be and the same is 
hereby repealed. 

Ad Act in Addition to an Act entituled An Act to prevent Engroaeers and for the 
f better Supply of our Troope in the Army &c 

Whereas by said act it is provided that the Governor is impowered 
by and with the advice of his Committee of Safety, on complaint or 
infoi"mation to issue forth his warrant to seize all such articles as are 
necessary for the use of the army &c., as by said act may appear : 
And whereas it may be attended with great inconveniency for the 
remote parts of the Colony to apply to the Governor for his warrant, 
whereby the good intent and design of said act may in a great measure 
be frustrated, 

Be it therefore enacted by thfi Governor, Council and Itepresenta^ 
tives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, 
That on any complaint made against any such engrosser or monopo- 
lizer of such articles as in said act is mentioned, only so far as it 
relates to cloathing, butter and cheese, to any one assistant or two 
justices of the peace, such assistant or two justices are impowered to 
issue forth his or their warrant to seize the same and thereon proceed 
with and dispose of the said engrossed articles in the same manner 
as is by said act impowering the Governor &c. provided. And that 
the commissaries appointed in the various parts of this Colony for 
collecting such articles of cloathing &c. for the use of the army either 
of them are hereby specially directed to malte information against all 
such persons as they shall find buying up and engrossing the articles 
aforesaid contrary to the true intent and meaning of said act. 



An Act to prevent EngTOBBers and Monopohzera of the Article of Salt. 
Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That the 
civil authority and selectmen of the several towns in this State be and 
they are hereby enabled, directed and impowered, upon application to 
them made by any of the inhabitants of this State, to cause a warrant 
to be issued out, signed by proper authority and directed to some 
proper officer, to cause the stores &g. of any engrosser or monopolizer 
of said article within their respective t*wns to be opened and to seize 
the same and distribute it out among the inhabitants of this State 
who may stand in.need thereof and shall apply therefor, at the price 
by law affixed, according as the necessities of the people may require, 
and when sold and disposed of as aforesaid shall render their account 
of the avails thereof to the respective owner or owners of said salt. 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That four 
battalions properly officered be forthwith raised by voluntary inlist- 



Hosted by 



Google 



66 PUBLIC RECORDS [November, 

ment, to supply and join the continental army now near New York, 
untill the fifteenth day of March next unless sooner discharged ; and 
that each non-commissioned officer and soldier who shall so inlist 
shall be entituled to the same wages and supplys as is now established 
in the continental army, and shall also receive a premium of forty 
shillings, provided he furnish himself with cloathing, arms and accou- 
trements, and also a blanket and knapsack fit for said service ; and 
that if such non-commission officer and soldier shall fail to provide 
himself with a good gun and bayonet, the same shall be supplyed by 
the selectmen of the town to which he belongs in the same way and 
agreeable to the act made for raising and supplying the new levies in 
June last, for the finding of which said gun and bayonet a deduction 
of six shillings shall be made from the afores'* premium. 

And be it further enacted hy the authority aforesaid. That the act 
of this Assembly past in October last for adding the sum of twenty 
shillings per month to the wages of the non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers in the eight battalions now to be raised in this State for 
continental service more than the wages proposed by the Hon''" 
Continental Congress, and also for supplying the same with blankets 
annually, so far as it relates to any addition of wages to the non- 
commission officers and soldiers above what is allowed by Congress, 
be and the same is hereby repealed and made void. 

And he it further enacted hy the authority aforesaid, That all non- 
commissioned officers and soldiers who do not incline to inlist during 
the continuance of the present war and shall inlist to serve for the 
term of three years unless sooner discharged by Congress, shall be 
entituled to and receive all such bounty and pay a« are allowed to 
those who inlist during the continuance of the present war, except the 
one hundred acres of land which is to be granted to those only who 
inlist without limitation of time ; and each recruiting officer is required 
to provide two distinct inlisting rolls, one for such to sign who inlist 
during the continuance of the war, and the other for such as shall 
inlist for three years if not sooner discharged by Congress. 

This Assembly do appoint the following officers to the following 
offices in the four battalions ordered by this Assembly to he raised for 
continental service untill the 15th day of March next, and are arranged 
as follows, viz. : 

This Assembly do appoiftt Samuel Whiting Colonel, Samuel 
Canfield Lieutenant Colonel, Stephen St. John Major' of the First 
Battalion. 

This Assembly do appoint Shuhael Griswold Captain, Jonath" 
Mason First Lieutenant, Theodore Catlin Second Lieutenant, Jesse 
Buell Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Dan Towner Captain, Amos Northrup' 

' Nehemiah Beardsley was appointed Major, mi^ St, John resigned, 
"Nonlirop refused, and Daniel St. Jolin was appointed In his place. Timotliy 
Ruggk'S was appiiinled ^d Lieutenant, vice Smith. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 67 

First Lieutenant, Charles Smith Second Lieutenant, Hugh Cone 



This Assembly do appoint Amos Chapell Captain, Benja. Brown- 
son First Lientenant, Morgan Noble Second Lieutenant, Stephen 
Dodge Ensign. ' 

This Assembly do appoint Eliphalet Thorp Captain, George Burr 
First Lieutenant, Gamaliel Taylor Second Lieutenant, Seth Bradley ' 



This Assembly do appoint Jesse Bell Captain, Gfershom Morehouse 
First Lieutenant, Sylvanus Marshall Second Lieutenant, Isaac Howe 
jun' Ensign.' 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Hiccock Captain, Henry Pair- 
man First Lieutenant, William Peechley' Second Lieutenant, Daniel 
Sanford Ensign, 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Cumstock Captain, Nathaniel 
Blackman First Lieutenant, Eli Reed' Second Lieutenant, Uriah 
Raymond Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint David Hinman Captain, David Bebee 
First Lieutenant, John Givens Second Lieutenant, Enoch Parsons 



Second Battalion. 

This Assembly do appoint Thaddeus Cook Colonel, Epaphras Sheldon 
Lieutenant Colonel, Edward Russell Major, of the Second Battalion. 

This Assembly do appoint John Watson Captain, Samuel Mills' 
First Lieutenant, Russell Hunt Second Lieutenant, Zach' Watson 
Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Asa Bray Captain, Silas Holcomb First 
Lieutenant, Amasa Hichcock Second Lieutenant, Nathaniel Churchill 
Ensign,' 

TTiis Assembly do appoint Augustus Collins Captain, Isaac Sher- 
man Kimberly First Lieutenant, Dan Johnson jun' Second Lieutenant, 
Thorns Powers' Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Benjamin Richards Captain, Isaac Brown- 
son j' First Lieutenant, William Law Second Lieutenant, Benjamin 
Fen j' Ensign." 

' Noble resigned, Dodge was promoted in his place, and David Whittlesey 
appointed Ensign, Enos Hawley was appointed 1st Lieutenant, 

' Bradley resigned, and Jehiel Thorp was appointed Ensign in his jllace. Burr 
refused, and Samuel Taylor was appointed Ist Lieutenant; Nathaniel Reynolds 2d 
Lieutenant, vice Gamaliel Taylor, 

' Jesse Meade was appointed Ensign oiee Howe res 

* Isaac Hilliard was appointed Sd Lieutenant, m 
spelled it), resigned. 

'John Hanford was appointed 2d Lieutenant, ctim Keed, Nathaniel Raymond 
Ensign, vice Uriah Raymond. 

Tilicliael Mills was appointed 1st Lieutenant, mce Samuel Mills. 

'Hitchcock resigned, and Nathaniel Churchill was appointed Ist Lieutenant, 
Joel Higley 3d Lieutenant, mce Churchill promoted; Gideon Roberts Ensign, vice 
Higley promoted. 

*Dan Collins was appointed Ensign, viee Powers refused, 

' Fenn was promoted 2d Lieutenant in the 6th company, vice James Smith pro- 
moted. John Mansfield was appointed Ensign, vice Fenn promoted. 



Hosted by 



Google 



B8 PUBLIC RECORDS [November, 

This ABSembly do appoint Samuel Osborn Captain, Jared Eobin- 
Bon First Lieutenant, Joseph Loveland Second Lieutenant, Edward 
Mulford Ensign.' 

This Assembly do appoint James Robinson Captain, Benja. Hine 
First Lieutenant, James Smith Second Lieut«nant,' Charles Burret 
Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Asaph Hall Captain, Warham Gibbs 
First Lieutenant, Jacob Hinsdale Second Lieutenant, Daniel Kingsbury 



This Assembly do appoint Elijah Smith Captain, John Tredway 
First Lieutenant, Joshua Erainerd j' Second Lieutenant, Robert Brad- 
ford Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Roger Enos Colonel, Samuel Gale' 
Lieutenant Colonel, Amos Wilcox Major of the Third Battalion. 

This Assembly do appoint Roger Ryley Captain, Elijah Blackman 
First Lieutenant, Joseph Kellogg Second Lieutenant,' John Johnson 
Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Edward Griswold Captain, Samuel 
Jones First Lieutenant, Alexander Kenny Second Lieutenant, 
Nathaniel Root Ensign.' 

This Assembly do appoint Elijah Wright Captain, Isaac Goodrich 
First Lieutenant, Solomon Phelps j' Second Lieutenant," Josiah 
Brown Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Phineas Lovejoy Captain, Samuel Felt 
ju. First Lieutenant, Abner Granger Second Lieutenant, John Russell 
Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint William Orcut j' Captain, Samuel Tudor' 
First Lieutenant, Joshua Wills Second Lieutenant, Medad Hunt 
■ Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Peter Curtiss Captain, Daniel Marsh j^ 
First Lieutenant, John McMurran Second Lieutenant, Abner Loomis 
Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Josiah Hammond Captain, John Hough 
First Lieutenant, Amos Avery Second Lieutenant, Gamaliel Ripley 



' Muiford resigned, and Asael Harrison waa appointed Enaign. 

' Hine was promoted Captain, vice Robinson resigned' Smitb promoted lat Lieu- 
tenant, i-ice Hine; Benj. Town promoted 2d Lieutenant. 

'Benadam Gallup was appointed Lieu tenant- Colonel, frice Gale resigned. 

'Riley resigned, and Blackman was promoted in his place; Kellogg promoted 
1st Lieutenant, and Atnos Wetmore appointed Sd Lieutenant, vice Kellogg. 

"Jones resigned, and Zadocli Howe was appointed 1st Lieutenant m his place, 
Nathaniel Boot was appointed Sd Lieutenant, viee Keeny resigned, and Ephraim 
Taylor Ensign, ince Root promoted. 

'Qoodrich resigned; Phelps was promoted 1st Lieutenant; Thomas Stevens was 
appointed 2d Lieutenant. 

'Benjamin Ellis ot Stafford was appointed 1st Lieutenant, Dice Tudor resigned, 

^ Hammond and Hough refusing, Sanford Kingsbury of Windham was appointed 
Captain; Avery was promoted 1st Lieutenant, Ripley promoted 2d Lieutenant, 
Andrew Durkee appointed Ensign. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] . OF CONNECTICUT, 69 

This Assembly do appoint Amasiah Wright Captain, Squire Hill 
First Lieutenant, Caleb Stanley jun' Second Lieutenant, Ephraira 
Kingsbury Ensign.' 

Fourth Battalion. 

This Assembly do appoint John Ely Colonel, Samuel McCIallen 
Lieutenant Colonel, Benjamin Clark Major, of the Fourth Battalion. ( 

This Assembly do appoint Ephraim Carpenter Captain, Ephraim 
Lyon First Lieutenant, Thomas Bingham Second Lieutenant,' Timo- 
thy Bibbins Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Calkins Captain, John Kay- 
mond jun. First Lieutenant, Robert Stanton jun. Second Lieutenant, 
Benja, Atwell jun.' Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Jabez Wright jun.' Captain, Nehemiah 
Smith First Lieutenant, David Breed Second Lieutenant, Joseph Gale 



This Assembly do appoint Ebcnezer Holbrook Captain, Benjamin 
Crary^ First Lieutenant, Mark Evans Second Lieutenant, John Willie 
8d Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Jeremiah Halsey Captain, Sanford Bil- 
lings First Lieutenant, Andrew Frink ° Second Lieutenant, .Nath" 
Cheeseborough j' Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Abner Lord Captain, Dan Piatt First 
Lieutenant, Abner Griffen Second Lieutenant, Jonathan Lay jun. 



This Assembly do appoint Oliver Grant Captain, Isaac Geer First 
Lieutenant, Joseph Hylyard^ Second Lieutenant, Job Sewyard Ensign. 

This Assembly do appoint Payne Converse jun. Captain, David 
Perry First Lieutenant, Asa Lyon Second Lieutenant, Ebenezer Bing- 
ham' ~ 



Resolved iy this Assembly, That the Commissions of the officers 
appointed by this Assembly in the four battalions now ordered to be 
raised untill the fifteenth of March next shall bear date the second 
day of December, 1776. 

' KiDgsbury was promoted 1st Lieutenant, Daniel Eldridge appoinfed Sd Lieu- 
tenant. EpLraim CusLmaa Ensign, i^ce Hill and Stanly resigned, and Kingsbury 
promoted 

'Andrew Waterman was appointed Captain, vUe Carpenter resigned. Daniel 
Able, jr., was appointed 1st Lieutenant, vice Lyon resigned; Joseph Loomis 2d Lieu- 
tenant, vice Bingham resigned. 

' Henry Williams was appointed Ensign, idee Atwell resigned, 

•Ebenezer Lathrop was appointed Caplain, tiiee Wight (or Wright) resigned, 
Hezeliiah Tracy was appointed Ensign, -vice Gale resigned. 

' [ ] Grosvenor was appointed Ist Lieutenant, vice Crary resigned; Ebene- 

zer Harris 2d Lieutenant, vice Bams resigned. Earns, not Evans, is the name in the 
original bill, 

' Amos Stanton was appointed 3d Lieutenant, vice Frinii resigned. Joseph Deni- 
son M was appointed Ensign, -rice Cbeseborough captivated or slain. 

'' Justus Buck Captain. Elijah Scovill 1st Lieutenant, Job Eelsey 2A Lieutenant, 
Daniel Kirtland Ensign, were appointed instead of those named in Uie text, 

* George Nettleton was appl^nted 3d Lieutenant, nice Hllyard resigned. 

'Joel Webb was appointed Ensign, viee Bingham resigned. 

The authority for these changes is found in Rev WaT. v, docs, 46-79. 



Hosted by 



Google 



70 PUBLIC RECORDS [Novpmber, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That if his Excellency General Wash- 
ington or the commander of the continental army near New York 
should judge it necessary for the safety of the United States that the 
troops or any part of them belonging to this Colony should remain in 
the service longer than the term of their late inlistments in order to 
compleat the new array, or other extraordinary emergency, then and 
in such case the said troops ,or any part of them are hy this Assembly 
earnestly requested for the sake of their country and all its inestimable 
rights, themselvea and all posterity, to comply with such requisition, 
for auch short reasonable time as said general shall request; and aaid 
troops shall be reasonably considered and allowed for such continuance 
beyond their term. And his Honor the Governor is desired to write 
said general, and in the most pressing manner to recommend to said 
troops a compliance with this request. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Pay-Table be and they are 
hereby directed and authorized to take proper bond with surety of the 
several captains of companies appointed in the four battalions now to 
be raised until the fifteenth of March next, and then to draw orders 
in their favour upon the Treasurer for amount of the premiums 
ordered to be given to the non-commissioned officers and soldiers that 
may engage in said service. 

Renolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor aud 
Council of Safety be and they are hereby authorized and directed to 
appoint all the Staif Officers of the four regiments now ordered to he 
raised within this State to supply and join the continental army near 
New York till the IS"' day of March next; and also to fill up all 
vacancies which may be occasioned in the several offices in said regi- 
ments by refusal or otherwise during the recess of the General 
Assembly. 

1 of do hereby acknowledge myself inlisted 

a soldier in a regiment now raising by the State of Connecticut to be 
under the command of Esq', subject to the orders and reg- 

ulations of said regiment and entituled to their privileges untill the 
IS'*" day of March 1777, unless sooner discharged by proper authority. 
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this • day of 

A.D. 1776. 

In the Lower House: The above draught was read and approved 
of and ordered to be transmitted to the Hon'"' Upper House. 

Attest : Benja. Huntington, Glerk. 
Concurr'' in the Upper House. Test : George Wyllts Seirret'y. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor and the 
Council of Safety be and they are hereby impowered to give order for 
the supplying of any town or towns in this State who shall apply for 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 

the same with such quantity of powder imported into aud t 

this State as they, his Honor and Council aforesaid, shall judge con- 

siatent and equal. 

Whereas this ABsembly at their session \A October, 1776, resolved 
that suitable proviaion be made for furnishing the eight battalions 
then voted to be raised for continental service with cloathing and 
other necessarys not provided by the Congress on the best terms that 
they can be procured and delivered to them at prime cost and charges: 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the aforesaid resolve be and the same 
is hereby repealed and made void, so far only as respects the additional 
charges arising on such necessary articles. 

Whereas the soldiers raised in this State and now in the continen- 
tal army are many of them in want of blankets, and in danger of 
being greatly distressed unless some provision be made for that 
purpose, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the selectmen of each of the 
respective towns in this State be and they are hereby impowered and 
directed, at the cost of this State, to procure and collect in each of 
their respective towns such a proportion of blankets as shall amount 
to the number of one blanket to the sum of five hundred pounds in 
the general list of such respective town in the year 1775, to be imme- 
diately sent to the army for the use of the soldiers there in such man- 
ner as this Assembly shall direct. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That in case 
a sufficient number of blankets cannot be otherwise obtained, it shall 
be the duty of such selectmen at their discretion to apply to an assist- 
ant or justice of the peace, who arc hereby impowered and directed, 
to issue a proper warrant to impress such a number of blankets from 
the inhabitants of such town as shall be necessary to make the afore- 
said proportion for such town ; to be apprized by two indifferent men 
upon oath and the respective owners paid accordingly. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That a further embargo be immediately 
laid in addition to that already laid by this Assembly the session in 
October last upon the exportation, driving or carrying out of this State 
by land or water the following articles, viz: oats, wool, flax, bar iron, 
beef, fat cattle, sheep, swine, butter or cheese, excepting only as is 
excepted in the aforementioned resolve ; and his Honor the Governor 
be and he is hereby desired to issue a proclamation accordingly. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That an embargo be forthwith laid 
upon the exportation by land or water of all West India goods, viz : 
rum, sugar and molasses, brought into this State, and also all New 
England rum, in addition to and under the same regulations and ex- 
ceptions mentioned in the embargo already made; and that his Honor 
the Governor be desired to issue a proclamation accordingly. 



Hosted by 



Google 



72 PUBLIC BECORDS [November, 

Whereas the General Assembly o£ this State have laid an embargo 
on sundry articles particularly specifyed, without limitation of time of 
its continuance, 

Resolved by this Assemhlp, That his Honor the Governor and 
Committee of Safety be alid they are hereby authorized and impowered 
to discontinue and determine said embargo, in part or in whole, as to 
them may appear expedient or necessary during the reeesH of the 
General J 



Whereas it is represented to this Assembly that some persons in 
this State have large quantities of wheat and flour in their possession 
which they retain and refuse to sell, which is wanted for public 



Resolved by this Assembly, That Capt. Jeremiah Wadsworth be 
directed and impowered and he is hereby impowered, to seize and take 
any quantity of wheat or flour that is wanted for the public service 
from any person or persona that have refused or shall refuse to sell 
the same, except necessary stores for the use of their families, and 
when BO seized or taken to pay the owner or owners thereof six shil- 
lings per bushel for wheat and eighteen shillings per hundred weight 
for flour, that whenever the same is needed for the army, on desire of 
the eommissary-general to take the same for the use of the army and 
pay therefor, the said Wadsworth to take care and deliver the same 
accordingly ; and said Wadsworth is hereby further impowered and 
directed in case of refusal as aforesaid, to command and take with 
him proper and sufficient assistance for that purpose and to break 
open any shop or store in order for taking and seizing the same for 
the purpose aforesaid: Provided the powers herein given to said 
Wadsworth shall not continue any longer than till the sitting of this 
Assembly in May next. 

Whereas the General Assembly at their present sessions have 
resolved and directed that the selectmen of the respective towns in 
this State shall procure and collect in each of their respective towns 
such proportion of blankets as shall amount to the number of one 
blanket to the sum of five hundred pounds in the general list of such 
respective town in the year 1775, to be immediately sent to the army 
for the use of the soldiers there, but that no method is provided in 
said resolve for sending said blankets to the army: Wherefore, 
resolved by this Assembly, that his Honor the Governor with hia 
Committee of Safety be impowered and desired to forward to the army 
any quantity of said blankets so fast as they shall be procured in such 
manner as to them shall seem best. 

Whereas the General Assembly of this State have ordered and 
directed a number of firearms to be made and procured within and for 
the use of this State : for the tryal of the strength and certainty 
thereof. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 73 

Be it enacted by the governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assemhlca, and hy the authority/ of the eame, That 
before any gun is purchased for this State it shall be loaded and fired 
with four inches of good powder and two suitable balls properly 
wadded and rammed down, and afterwards twice loaded with a suffi- 
cient charge of powder and ball and fired at mark ; and if upon such 
tryal and proof it shall be found that said guns are sufficiently strong, 
certain and direct, then the same may be purchased, and not otherwise, 
for the use of this State. 

Itesolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor and 
Council of Safety do and they are hereby impowered and directed to 
appoint all the staff officers of the eight battalions ordered to be 
raised in this State by an act of the General Assembly at their session 
in October last, and also from time to time to fill up all such offices as 
have or may become vacant in said battalions, either of commission 
or of the staff, by reason of refusal or otherwise, and also to appoint 
pay-masters to said battalions respectively, the present session of this 
Assembly notwithstanding. This power and authority being thus 
delegated and referred in consideration of the extraordinary and pecu- 
liar circumstances of the case, and not to be drawn into precedent in 
future. 

Resolved hy this Assemhly, That Ca])t. Ephraim Bill be and he is 
hereby desired and impowered to purchase of the cargo of the prize 
ship John, for and on account of this State, fifty hogsheads of sugar, 
and that he procure the whole of the rum of said cargo to be gauged, 
and that he take two thirds of the said rum and safely preserve, store 
and keep the same for the use of this State : and the sheriff is directed 
not to make sale of the same ; and also, that the late captain of the said 
prize ship John be presented with so much of the said ship's cargo as 
he can or shall procure authentic evidence of its being his own private 
adventure. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the county court to be holden at 
Noi-wich within and for the county of New London on the fourth 
Tuesday of instant November be adjourned and the same is hereby 
adjourned to be holden at said Norwich on the first Tuesday of Feb- 
niary next; and all persons concerned therein are to take notice 
thereof accordingly. 

Whereas Lieutenant Barker has been lately sent to the port of 
New London to propose an exchange of prisoners in the marine 
department:* Resolved by this Assembly, that Colo.Erastus Wolcott 
and Capt. John Deshon be and they are hereby appointed and impow- 

• Nov. 15th, on tbe part of Lord Howe. —Bm. War, t, 137. 



Hosted by 



Google 



74 PUBLIC RECORDS (November, 

ered to advise, consider and detennine OD^he expediency of entring 
into any negotiation with Lieut. Barker on the exchange of such 
priaoners, if they judge best, to enquire after and obtain such marine 
prisoners as they may be able, and to agree on time, place and man- 
ner of exchange, and to treat and deal with Lieut. Barker in every 
respect as shall appear to them prudent and best. 

This Assembly do appoint Thomas Belding, Esq', to be Colonel of 
the sixth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Elizur 
Talcott, Esq', resijrned 

This Assemhiy do appoint John Chester, Esq'', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the sixth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Thomas Belding, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Howell Woodbridge, Esq', to be Major 
of the sixth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of John 
Chester Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Godfrey to be Captain of the 
14"" company or trainband in the fourth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Sage to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth company or trainband in the SB'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bbenezer Coe to be Captain of the 
first company or trainband'in the town of Stratford in the 4th regiment 
in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Pickslee to be Lieutenant of 
the first company or trainband in the town of Stratford in the 4th 
regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Uffoot to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the town of Stratford in the 4"' regiment 
in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Giles Meigs to be Ensign of the first 
company or trainband in the 23'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Gridley to be Captain of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 15"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Ives to be Lieutenant of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 15"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zebulon Peck jun' to be Ensign of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 15'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Huntington to be Captain of 
the first company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this Stntc 

This Assembly do establish Andrew Huntington, to be Lieutenant 
of the first company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Bingham to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the 12"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zebulon Bidwell to be Captain of the 
second company or trainband in the 19"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Pitkin jun' to be Lieutenant of 
the second company or trainband in the 19"' regimen-t in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OFCONNECTICOT. (6 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Roberts to be Ensign of the 
second company or trainband in the 19'" regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Odle Close to be Captain of the sixth 
company or trainband in the 9"' regiment in this Htate. 

This Assembly do establish Silvanus Marshall to be Lieutenant 
of the sixth company or trainband in the 9"" regiment in this State. 

This Aasembly do eatabligh Nathaniel Mead 4th to be Ensign of 
the sixth company or trainband in the 9''' regiment in this State. 

Jonathan Trumbull, Esquire, Captain General and Commander in 
Chief of the State of Connecticut in America, To Greeting; 

You being by the Geoeral Assembly of this State appointed to 
be of a company ordered to be raised and to join the conti- 

nental army, reposing especial trust and confidence in your fidelity, 
courage and good conduct, I do by virtue of the laws of this State me 
thereunto enabling, appoint and impower you the said to 

be of said company. You are, therefore, carefully and 

diligently to discharge the duty of a in leading, ordering 

and exercising said company in arms both inferior olBcers and soldiers 
in the service aforesaid, and to keep them in good order and discipline ; 
hereby commanding them to obey you as their ; and 

yourself to observe and follow such orders and instructions as you 
shall from time to time receive from me or the Commander in Chief 
of said State for the time being, or other your superior officer, accord- 
ing to the rules and discipline of war ordained and established by the 
laws of this State, pursuant to the trust hereby reposed in you. 

Given under mv hand and the public seal of said State at 
the ' day of A.Dom. 1776. 

By his Honor's command, 

Sec'*'. 

In the Lower Hou»e : The above form of a commission &c. is 
approved of and ordered to be transmitted to the Hon'"' - Upper House, 
Attest. Benja. Huntington, Clerk. 
Concurr* in the Upper House. Teat. George Wtllts Seer". 

Upon the memorial of the inhabitants of the town of Norwalk, 
shewing to this Assembly that they are situated upon the sea shore 
and are exposed to the depredations of the enemy, and that they have 
need of cannon to defend themselves &c. ; praying this Assembly to 
grant them six six-pounders with a suitable quantity of powder, ball 
&c. for their present defence: Resolved by this Assembly, that his 
Honor the Governor be desired to order six cannon, six-pounders, 
■with a sufficient quantity of powder and ball, foi' the defence of said 
town of Norwalk, to ho delivered to the selectmen of said town of 
Norwalk at such place as his Honor the Governor shall direct : Pro- 
vided that said town of Norwalk mount said cannon on suitable car- 
riages and keep them fit and ready for use. 



Hosted by 



Google 



76 PUBLIC RECORDS [November, 

Upon the memorial of Amos Mead, one of the Representatives of 
the town of Greenwich, in behalf of himself and the reat of the inhab- 
itants of said town, shewing to this Assembly that the town of Green- 
wich is situated upon the sea shore and that the inhabitants have no 
cannon to defend themselves against the attacks of the enemy ifec. ; 
praying this Assembly to grant to the memorialists six small cannon, 
ball iS;c. for the defence of the said town of Greenwich &c., as per 
memorial dated NoveraV 28"', 1776: Resolved by this Assembly, that 
the selectmen of the town of Greenwich upon application to Joshua 
Porter, Esq', of Salisbury, shall have liberty to have six small cannon ; 
and the said Porter is hereby directed to deliver to the selectmen of 
said Greenwich upon application six four-pounders together with a 
sufficient quantity of shot for said cannon, to be kept at said town of 
Greenwich for the defence thereof till the further order of this Assem- 
bly ; and that his Honor the Governor with the advice of his Council 
of Safety be desired on proper application to deliver to said selectmen 
of Greenwich a sufficient quantity of powder for the use of said guns : 
Provided the said town of Greenwich shall mount said guns on proper 
carriages for use. 

Whereas the General Assembly in their sessions in October, 1766, 
upon the memorial of Michael Humphry and others, representing tliat 
the public road laid out by order of Assembly through the Green 
Woods Ac. wanted repair and amendments within the limits of sundry 
towns not Incorporated &g. ; praying said Assembly to make provision 
&c. ; whereupon it was resolved, that Messrs. Joseph Rockwell of 
Colebrook, Seth Smith of New Hartford, and Ezekiel Wilcox of Nor- 
folk, be appointed a committee for said purpose with certain powers 
and instructions in said resolution expressed ; and it is represented to 
this Assembly that said Joseph Rockwell and Ezekiel Wilcox are. 
since deceas'' and said road much neglected and the public greatly 
discommoded for want of necessary repairs and amendments: It is 
therefore resolved by this Assembly, that John Porter and Isaac Pin- 
ney, both of Colebrook, and Capt. Peletiab Allen of Barkhemsted, be 
and they are hereby substituted and appointed in the room of said 
Joseph Rockwell and Ezekiel Wilcox dec"^, to join with and assist 
Colo. Seth Smith, for the same purposes and with the same powers and 
directions set forth and expressed in said resolution. 

Upon the petition of Elijah Clap of Hartford against Joshua 
Chandler, Esq', of New Haven, shewing to this Assembly that some 
years past he mortgaged his house and homestead in said Hartford to 
said Chandler for a sum much below the real value thereof, that he 
not paying the money by the time set in said mortgage the said 
Chandler instituted a suit against him for the recovery of the posses- 
sion of said premises, that pending said suit the said Clapp brought his 
petition to said Assembly for the reconveyance of the premises upon 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776;J OP CONNECTICUT. 77 

his paying the money and interest, that while said petition was 
depending before said Assembiy the said Chandler under his hand 
agreed to the granting the prayer thereof upon which the said Chand- 
ler unbeknown to said petitioner procured a bill in form to be drawn 
and past foreclosing the equity of redemption after a very short time, 
which was kept an entire secret from the said Clapp untill after expi- 
ration of said term, and in the mean time procured a judgment against 
the said Clapp for the recovery of the premises with damages and cost, 
and execution is now about to be immediately inforced, and he with 
his distressed family turned out of his house and possession notwith- 
standing he has procured and tendered to said Chandler's attorney 
the whole of said monies with interest and cost and is now willing 
and desirous to pay the same &c. The said petition by accident now 
happens to be in the hands of said Chandler's attorney. Whereupon 
it is resolved by this Assembly, that said petition be continued untill 
the session of this .Assembly in May next, and that in the mean time 
all proceedings upon or by virtue of said execution be stayed and 
nothing further done thereon untill the rising of said Assembly May 
next. 

Upon the memorial of Alexander Bushnell, administrator on the 
estate of William Clemens late of Hartland deceaa'', shewing to this 
Assembly that the debts and charges allowed against said estate by 
the court of probate for the district of Symsbury together with some 
small allowance made to the widow of said deceas'' surmount the 
inventoried moveable estate of said deC^ the sum of ^£39, 19. 2; pray- 
ing for liberty to sell so much of the real estate of said deceaa'' as shall 
be sufficient to pay the same: Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialist hath liberty, and authority is hereby granted to him, to 
sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'' as shall be sufficient to 
pay said sum of .£39 19 2, together with the incident charges arising 
on such sale; taking the advice and direction of the court of probate 
for the district of Symsbury therein. 

Upon the memorial of David Lathrop, conservator of the person 
and estate of Joseph Bates of Tolland, an impotent person, shewing 
that there is due to the memorialist^the sum of six pounds one shilling 
and five pence from said impotent person's estate, being a ballance 
.allowed to him by the county court in and for the county of Hartford 
as of record appears, and that there is no way to pay him said sum 
but by the sale of said impotent person's real estate ; praying for lib- 
erty to sell the same for that purpose &e., as per memorial : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that the selectmen of the town of Tolland be and 
they are hereby impowered to make sale of so much of the real estate 
of said impotent person as shall be sufficient to pay said sum with the 
incident charges of sale. 



Hosted by 



Google 



78 PUBLIC RECORDS [November, 

Upon the memorial of Epaphras Sheldon, Esq' and Gapt. John 
Strong of Farmington, shewing to this Assembly that the prisoners of 
■war in said town cannot now be supported upon the continental 
allowance, that tlie commissary lately appointed by this Assembly to 
take care of prisoners not having received any orders or directions 
from Congress for the regulation of his conduct in the premises, and 
that the committee lately appointed by this Assembly look upon their 
powers incompetent to remedy the inconveniencies ; praying for relief 
(fee; Resolved by this Assembly, that the committee of prisoners 
formerly appointed by this Assembly be and they are hereby directed 
and impowered to make such suitable provision for the support of all 
such prisoners of war as now are or hereafter may be brought into 
this State, either by removing or ordering them into such towns where 
they may be supported upon the present allowance or by making such 
additions thereto as they may find necessary untill said prisoners 
shall be exchanged or other provision made. And the said committee 
are also hereby impowered to take all such measures from time to 
time vrith regard to said prisoners as they in their discretion may find 
requisite. 

Upon the memorial of Elizabeth Thrall, administratrix on the 
estate of Timothy Thrall late of Windsor, deceas", shewing to this 
Assembly that the memorialist together with John Phelps 3'^ were by 
this Assembly in May last appointed to sell so much of the real estate 
of said deceas'' as would raise the sum of X236 7 5 &c,, and that 
since said appointment the said John has deceas^, said business not 
being accomplished ; praying for relief &c. : Resolved by this Assem- 
bly, that Josiah Bissell, Esq', be and he is hereby appointed and fully 
impowered together with the memorialist to sell so much of the real 
estate of said deceas'' Thrall as will be sufficient to raise the sum 
aforesaid &c., with the same powers and under the same regulations 
as directed in said resolve of Assembly in May last. 

Upon the memorial of Ralph Isaacs of New Haven, shewing to 
this Assembly that he has been lately ordered to be removed to the 
parish of Eastbury, that he is still in a low state of health, praying 
that he may have the limits of the town of Gflastonbury, as per 
memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that his Honor the Gov- 
ernor with the advice of his Council of Safety may grant the memori- 
alist such further enlargement within said town of Glastonbury or 
remove him to some other inland town at their discretion as said 
Governor and Council shall judge may consist with the safety and 
best good of the publick. 

Upon the memorial of Stephen Greenleaf of Windham, shewing 
to this Assembly that on or about the 21" of February, 1776, as he 
was delivering a twenty-shilling bill of the State of Connecticut into 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 79 

the hands of John Brown of said Windham it accidentally dropt from 
his hands fell into the fire which consumed the upper half of said bill, 
whereby he suffers damage and prays for redress, as per memorial on 
file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the simi of ten shillings be 
granted to the said memorialist out of the public treasury, and the 
Treasurer is hereby ordered to pay the same accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of Benjamin Galpin and Roger Norton, execu- 
tors of the last will of Samuel Galpin deceas'', shewing that the debts 
due from said estate surmount the personal estate of said deceas'' the 
sum of ^90 llj*^; praying for liberty to make sale of so much of 
said real estate as shall be sufficient to pay said sum with the incident 
charges of sale arising thereon: Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialists have and liberty is hereby granted to them to make sale 
of 80 much of said deceas'*' real estate as will be sufficient to pay said 
sum with the incident charges of sale; taking the direction of the 
court of probate for the district of New Haven therein. 

Upon the memorial of Silas Phelps of Lebanon, shewing to this 
Assembly that by the generous encouragement given for the manufac- 
turing and making of gun-locks the said Silas made for the use of 
this Colony fifty-five good gun-locks and the same delivered to the 
makers of guns for this State, and that the said locks have been 
received and improved to the benefit of this State, but that the said 
memorialist not knowing said locks so to be made was to be double- 
warded in order to draw the_premium given by this Assembly made 
said locks only single; praying to this Assembly that he may still be 
allowed and paid the premium for said locks, notwithstanding ; as per 
memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the said memorial 
ist be allowed three shillings out of the treasury of this State for each 
of said fifty-five looks as a premium, and that the Pay-Table be and they 
are hereby directed to give an order upon the Treasurer for the same. 

We your Honors' committee appointed to consider the expediency 
of adjourning this Assembly for some short time, in order to reassume 
the consideration of the public and important affairs of this State, 
now report it as our opinion, that the present situation of the army, 
the great necessity of providing and forwarding the raising the new 
army and of putting the militia upon the best footing, and the proba- 
bility of soon receiving further intelligence from Congress and the 
army very interesting to this and the other United States, will speed- 
ily require a further session of this Assembly, and therefore the same 
should be adjourned to the third Wednesday of December next, to be 
convened at Midletown. All which is submitted by Tour Honors' 
most obedient humble servants. Signed per order, 

Jabez Hakun. 



Hosted by. 



Google 



80 COUNCIL OF SAFETY. [November, 

In the Lower Eouge : The above report is accepted and approved 
and ordered to be transmitted to the Hon'''^ Upper House. 

Attest, Benja, Huntington, Olerk. 
Jn the Upper Souse: Concurr^ with the Lower House in accepting 
the within report of the committee. 

Test. George Wtllts Secret? . 
l"his Assembly was adjourned by proclamation, to the third 
Wednesday of December next, to meet, at the town of Midletown, 
according to the above order. 

Te^te George Wtllts Secret' 



T A MEETING OF TKE GOVKBNOK AND COUKCIL OP SafETY, HaB 

Nov' 21", 1776. 
Present: Hie Honor the Governor. 
The Deputy Governor. 
Eliph'Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 1 

Jz, Huntington, Thos. Seymour, vEsq". 
Wtn. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 
Appointed officers to supply the places of those that refuse to si 
e eight battalions now to he raised for continental service. 



At a meeting op the Goveknob and Council of Safety, Hartford, 
Nov 32*^, 1776. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the D. Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 1 

J abez Huntington. Thos. Seymour, J- Esq". 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 

Voted, That the general officers from this State together with the colonels 
of the Connecticut regiments now to he raised for continental service be 
desired to arrange the captains, subaltern and staff ofEcers appointed by this 
State to serve in said regiments in due order and make return of their doings 
to his Honor the Governor, that the same may he considered and estabhshed 
by this Board. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.J OF CONNECTICUT. 81 

At a jitBETiNO or the Governor asd Council of Safety, Harttobd, 
Nov' 26'^ 1776. 
Present: His Honor tlie Governor. 
The Deputy Governor. 
Blip' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 

JaTjee Huntington, ' Ben]. Huntington 
Wm. Williams, Wm. Hillliouse, 

Thomas Seymour, 

Voted, To accept and establish Wm. Cone for Captain, Nathaniel Sparrow 
for a Lieutenant, and Gideon Ackley for an Ensign, of a companjfcf house- 
holders and others not in the militia roll, who have formed themselves into a 
company in the town of East Haddam; and his Honor the Governor is de- 
sired to commission them accordingly. 

Voted, To accept and establish Nathaniel Ackley to be Ensign of a com- 
pany of householders and others in East Haddam ; and his Honor the Gov- 
ernor is desired to commission him accordingly. 

[This eatry is from the Council Book 17T0-1774, p. 88.] 
At a meeting of the Govebnor and Council of the State of Connect- 
icut AT Hastfobd the 28"' day of November 1776. 
Present: The flonorabie Jon'" Trumbull, Esquire, Governor. 
The Assistants, viz: 
Jabez Hamlin Samuel Huntiugtor 

Blisha Sheldon Rieh^ Law 

■Jabez Huntington W" Williams 
W" Pitkin 

Tlds Board do appoint Jonatb" Pitch, Esq', of Westmoreland in the 
county of Westmoreland, to be Sheriff of the County of Westmoreland; and 
Increase Mosley, Esq', of Woodbury, and John Pheli®, Esq', of Hebron, 
with the said Fitch appeared before the said Governor and Council and 
acknowledged themselves bound in a recognizance of one thousand pounds, 
lawful money, payable to the Treasurer o£ this State, that the said Jonathan 
Fitch shall faithfully discharge his said ofEce of Sheriff according to law 
and the commission given him and answer all such damages as any peraon 
or persons shall sustain by the unfaithfulness or neglect of said sheriff or 
any of his deputies in the execution of said office. 

JoN™ Trumbull Got'. 
The oath by law provided for Sheriffs were taken by the said Jonathan 
Fitch in the presence of the Gov' and Council. 

At a MEBTiNa OF the Governor and Council op Safety, Haetford, 
Nov' 28'*, 1776. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the D. Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 1 

Wm Williams, Benj. Huntington, J- Esq". 
Tho' Seymour, ) 

Agreed on suffering Mr. Irwin, a prisoner taken by Commodore Hop- 
VoL. XVI.— 6 



Hosted by 



Google 



82 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [November, 

kins, to go to Congress on his parole for his exchange or liberty to return 
to his family on parole, as the Congress shall see cause to order. 

Voted, To assign the care of one J\istus Miles, a person inimical to the 
United States of America, to Mr. Chapman Grant of East Windsor, who is 
hereby authorized to keep and govern the said Miles in such manner as he 
thinks prudent, till further orders from the General Assembly or this 
Council. 

Voted, To replace 4 Ct. and 3 qrs. of cannon powder to Mr. Titus Hos- 
mer, due to him for powder supplied by him for the use of the lead mines in 
Middlet#ra, and to give an order on the Treasurer for the same. 

Order drawn and d" to Mr. Hosmer Nov" 28'*, 1176. 

Voted, That the list of officers now appointed to fill up the vacancies of 
field officers, captains and subalterns, occasioned by refusal of like oEScers in 
the eight battalions to be raised in this State for continental service be drawn 
off, fairly transcribed and transmitted to Major General Spencer, and that 
the generals from this State in the service be desired and impowered, with 
the assistance of the cqlonels, to arrange said officers into regiments and com- 
panies; and in case any of said officers shall decline to accept the offices to 
which they are appointed, that the general officers aforesaid be desired to 
recommend other persons, duly qualified, to supply their places, and trans- 
mit such arrangement and recommendations to bis Honor the Governor, 
and that they fill and deliver proper commissions to such officers as have 
accepted or shall accept the offices to which they have been or are appointed. 

At a meeting of the Governor and Conscii. op Sapetv, Hartford, 
Nov' 29'*, 1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
The Deputy Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Benj. Huntington, I 

Wm Williams, Wm. Hillhouse, [ 

Titus Hosmer, The' Seymour. ) 

Voted, That his Honor the Governor be desired to give orders to the 
Commissaries that have been employed to purchase cloathing for the use of 
the soldiers from this State in the continental army to forward such cloath- 
ing as they have provided to the army and deliver the same to the Quarter- 
Master General, or his assistant or assistants, or some other proper person 
appointed by the general officers, taking proper receipts; and also, that hia 
Honor be desired to give orders to have the rum and other refreshments 
provided for the soldiers of this State in the army forwarded towards the 
western parte of this State; and also, that his Honor be desired to write 
Gen' Washington and desire him to advise with such general officers from 
this State as are near him and point out a plan by which the resolve for 
supplying the soldiers from this State with refreshments and cloathing at 
prime cost may be carried into execution. 

Wednbsdat, December 4th, 1 776. 
Col. Dyer, Col. Williams and Mr. Wales attended to do business in 
Council of Safety kc. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 83 

Thuesday, December 5th, 1776. 
Col. Dyer, Col. Williams, Mr. Wales and Benj. Huntington attended to 
do .business in Council oi Safety &c. 

At a meeting op the Governor and Council op Safety, December 
6th, 1776. 
Present : His Honor the Governor, 

ElipL' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Nath" Wales juti', >■ Esq". 
Wm "Williajns, Benj. Huntington, J 

There being a large fleet of men of war and transports at anchor a little 
to the westward of N. London harbour and their design not being known, it 
was determined to be a prudent step to remove the continental and colonial 
property at N. London up to Norwich, and also to take a quantity of wheat 
on board a ship in New London, commanded by Capt. Kennedy, for publick 
use; and Capt. Ephraim Uill, Jabez Perkins and David Mumford of Nor- 
wich are appointed and desired to assist Mr. Shaw in taking and removing 
the said wheat to the mills to be floured, and the continental and colonial 
ships stores &c. to the places of the greatest safety that can be up Norwich 
River, and to secure the same as well as they can. 

Orders were given to several regiments of the militia to march to New 
London in the defence of this country against the invasions of the enemy; 
also letters sent to Gen' Washington and others for the needful assistance 
and steps to be taken in this alarming time of danger &c. 

Elijah Sharp is appointed Captain of a company in Ool. Ely's company, 
instead of Bben' Holbrook who refuses. 

Voted, To give an order on Col. Elderkin and Mr. Wales for 160 li. 
powder in favour of the selectmen of Mansfield. Order ^ to Col, Starrs. 

Voted, To appoint Capt. John Deshon to be Commissary to the mOitia 
now marching to the defence of New London &c., with orders by all means 
to furnish supplies of continental or colonial stores as may best be ob- 
tained he. 

At a meeting of the Govbrnos and Council op Safety, Dbc" 7", 1776, 
Pfesent : His Honor the Governor. ■ 

Eliph' Dyer, Nath' Wales jun', 1 

Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, t Esq". 
Wm. Williams, Wm. Hillhouse, ) 

On receiving intelligence that the British fleet have sailed from off N. 
London harbour eastward, his Honor the Governor gave orders to stop the 
march of the several regiments ordered for the defence of N. London, but 
to hold themselves in readiness to march to any place that may be attacked 
&c. 

Voted, To suffer the prisoners sent from Geo' Washington when at N. 
York under a guard commanded by Capt. Bells to return to Long Island, 
they giving their parole not [to] give any intelligeuce to the enemy of what 
is done or doing here, not take up arms or say or do anything against the 
American States, and that they will return back to this State at any time 
when demanded. 



Hosted by 



Google 



84 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [December, 

Resolved by this Board. That tlie gentlemen sent to this State by Gen' 
Washington, belonging to Long Island and placed at Norwich and now re- 
siding there, be permitted and have liberty to return to their several homes 
for the present, upon their and each of them giving their parole as follows, 
(viz ;) We do hereby severally and respectively promise and engage to the 
Governor of the State of Connecticut, on the faith and honor of gentlemen, 
that we will neither of us give notice or intelligence to the enemy of the 
United States of America nor hold any inimical correspondence with them; 
that we will not take up nor bear arms against the United States of America 
nor act ac ofiensive part against them or either of them, but to conduct 
peaceably and quietly with respect to the present contest and troubles, and 
return back to this State when required by the Governor. And the Com- 
mittee of Inspection in the town of Norwich are hereby authorized to take 
their parole made and signed, and give a copy thereof and a permit to them 
to return. 

Voted, That Capt. Kphraim BiU be and he is hereby appointed and 
directed to cause two-thirds of the rum of the cargo taken on board the 
schooner Hannah and Elizabeth to be guaged and stored for the pnblick use; 
and Capt. Brace's private adventure, as iar as this State is concerned in the 
property or avails thereof, to be presented to him; and said schooner and 
the remainder of said cargo to be sold at publick vendue; and in the sale of 
the ship Sally, if there should be any duck or spare rigging, cordage or 
sails, belonging to said ship or cargo, Mr. Sbaw is desired to bid off the 
same for the use of this State, if to be had at a rate within the bounds of 
prudence in the purchase. 

At a mbbttnc of the Govebnob and Council or Safety Decembek 
9™, 1776, 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 1 

Jb. Huntington, Nath" Wales jun', |- Esq". 
Wm, Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 

On receiving intelligence that a large fleet of British men of war and 
transport are pushing up Narraganset Bay and towards New Port and Prov- 
idence, orders were given to the eastern regiments to make ready and march 
into the State of Rhode Island to the defence of the country against any 
depredations from said fleet. 

Col. Henry Champion was sent for arid directed to make provision for 
the support of the troops now to march into the State of Rhode Island. 

Col. Elderkin and Lt. Col. Stores not being in suitable circumstances to 
march with the 5th regiment in the present emergency, the command of 
said regiment was by his Honor with [advice ?] of this Council given to 
Major Brown for the present emergency. 

OF THE Go'fERNOB AND CouNoiL or Safety Decembee 10th, 

1776. 
Resent : His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Nath" Wales jun', "1 

Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, 

Wm. Williams, Tho' Seymour, 

Wm. Hillhoiiee. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNBCTICDT. 85 

Voted. To draw on the Pay-Table for £1400. 0. 0, in favor of Capt. 
Harding of the brig De/(iice. and for the use of said brig, to render hia 
account. Order given Dec' 10"", 1776, d^ io Capt. Harding. 

Voted, To give order to Prosper Wetnaore, Esq', sheriff, On Capt, Hard- 
ing's producing and lodging with him his power of attorney from the 
officers and men on "board the brig Defence in the capture of the prize ship 
John, taken by them and brought into N. London and condemned, that first 
deductiag the charges of condemnation and all other expences, and then 
one twentieth part of the net proceeds of the avails of the ship and cargo 
being the Admiral's part settled by Congress, then the one third of the 
remainder to be by him paid to Capt. Harding for his and trig's crew their 
share in said prize, taking his receipt therefor, and to call upon Capt. Bill for 
the bills of expences, and to see that they are all properly collected in order 
to make settlement. Order given out Dec' 10"', 1776. 

Directed Prosper Wetmore, Esq', to pay to Capt. Harding £716 12 10 
of the State money in his hands, which together with £683 7 2 make the 
sum of £1400 contained in the order given as above on this page to Capt, 
Harding. 

Voted. To order Capt. Jabez Huntingl.on of Windham, to deliver to the 
selectmen of Coventry, as town stock, "25 Ih. of powder for the use of the 
militia of Coventry now marching towards Providence. Order iP to Eph" 
Root, Esq'. 

At a MEKTiNG OF THE Governor and Couscil or Safety December U™, 
1776. 
Pre/ient : His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Nath' Wales jun^, 

Jabez Huntington, Tho' Seymour, 

Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, 

Wro. Hillhouse, 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of £674. 2. 3J, in favour 
of Capt. Theophilue Stanton, it being the balance due in full settlement of 
his pay-rolls and accounts of the galley Shark whilst in service of the publick 
under his command. Order drawn and d^ to ('apt. Stanton Dec' ll"^, 1776. 

Whereas Ralph Isaacs of N. Haven, on complaint before the GTeneral 
Assembly of this State at their sessions at N. Haven in Octo' last for acting 
in diverse instances unfriendly to this and the United States, was by said 
Assembly sentenced to remove to the society of Eastbury in the town of 
Glastenbury, there to abide and remain under the direction of the authority 
and selectmen of said town, and by application to a special Assembly since 
held at Hartford the said Isaacs was indulged the liberty of the town of 
Glastenhury or such other place as the Governor [and] Council of Safety 
should think proper : And whereas the said Isaacs has made his application 
to this Board, for special reasons therein given, (viz:) his being still in a 
very ill state of health and has need of the help of his physicians and has 
a farm at Brentford from whence he must partly draw his supplies for 
supxMjrt. to both which the town of Durham would he much more con- 
venient ; praying that he might have liberty of residing in the town of 
Durham &c.: Whereupon liberty is hereby granted to said Isaacs, when his 
health will {)ermit, to be removed to the town of Durham instead of East- 



Hosted by 



Google 



86 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [December, 

bury, and under the same restrictions oi the authority and selectmen of the 
town of Durham as wbs directed to those of the' town ol Glassenbury ; 
during the pleasure ol the General Assembly or this Board 

Lebanon, Dec' II* 1776, 

This day was chiefly spent in writing letters to Gen' Wooster, Gov' Cook 
and others on t^e publick concerns of the present times &c. 

At a meeting of the Governos akd Council of Safety, Decembee 12th, 
1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Tho' Seymour, ) 

Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington. V Esq". 

Wm. Hillhouse, Nath" Wales ]nu', ) 

William Howard is appointed Lieutenaat and Commander of a company 
o£ militia and others in the second society in Windham, to march into the 
State of Khode Island for the present expedition and to be under the com- 
mander in chief. A commission is gronied De<f 1^, 1776. 

At a meeting of the Goveunor and Council op Safety, Dec 
13th, 1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Nath. "Wales jun', 

Jabez Huntington, Tho' Seymour, 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, 

Wm. Hillhouse. 

Voted, That a letter of credit for £500. 0. 0. be drawn on Mr. John 
Rapalje and Mr. Miles Sherbrook, ol the State ol New York, in favour of 
Major Levi Wells lor the use ol the Connecticut troops in captivity in New 
York, to be by Major Wells paid out as wages among said captives at his 
discretion as their necessities require and to take their receipts and keep his 
account thereof and lay tlie same before the paymasters o£ the several regi- 
ments to which they belong. Lefter of credit delivered to Major Wells 
De<f 13^, 1776. 

Voted. To refer a number of sick bills from New Haven selectmen be 
referred to the Committee of Pay-Table for adjustment and draw for what 
is due thereon. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for £12. 10. 0, in favor of Mr. Heze- 
kiah Sabin of New Haven, for his expence in mounting a field piece for 
publick use. Order delivered to Timo. Jones jun' Dee IS^, 1776. 

Voted, To refer the liquidation of the accounts of Capt. Jehiel Tinker of 
the row-galley Crane, the accounts of Capt. James Rice for row-galley 
Whiting, the account of cost [ofj goal yard at Hartford, and Lynde Lord's 
account lor mustering soldiers, to the Committee of Pay-Table, 

On application to this Board by Mr. Timothy Jones jun' and Coi. Thom- 
son, a committee from New Haven &c. : Ordered, that the sis field-pieces 
left at New Haven by the Minerva be properly fitt&d up and furnished with 
suitable field carri^es at the expence of this State, provided said carriages 
be well and properly made and at a reasonable price, not € 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 87 

pounds for each; and that the sum of twelve pounds ten shilhngs be paid 
Uapt. Sabin of N. Haven for the carriage and apparatus to a fiel.d-piece 
which he haa lately provided to be done there, and that the same be for the 
use of this State. 

N. B. There is a vote and order drawn on the other side of this leaf for 
the same £12. 10. 0, above-mentioned. 

Whereas by an act of the GreneraJ Assembly at New Haven, at their 
session in Octo' last, among other things it is provided that the militia of 
said town of New Haven hold themselves equipped and in constant readi- 
ness to defend said town, and not be liable to be removed, 

Whertupon tt is resolved, ITiat Col. Thomson take the most effectual care 
that the militia of said town be every way equipped and accoutred and in 
constant readiness, according to the true intent and design of said act. 
Order d" to Col. Thomson Dec' i5*, 1776. 

[ Whereas this Board are informed that one John S/ieppard was this day 
oommilted to Windham county goal as a person inimical and highly dangerous to 
the United States of America, and that there are several continental prisoners in 
said goal, that there is danger that said goal may he broke and he escape : There- 
fore voUd, that Jedidiah Elderhin and Sam" Gray, Es<f, he and they are hereby 
directed to order a proper watch and guard he kept at said goal to prevent the 
escape of said prisoners this nighi.'j* 

Voted, That Nath" Shaw jun'", Esq', be and he is hereby impowered and 
intrusted to propose and negotiate an exchange of the following prisoners 
taken on board the ship John, the ship Clarendon and ship Sally, brought 
into this State, for prisoners of equal rank and degree as near as may be, to 

Capt. Dunbar of the ship John, James Watt, a. passenger on board. 
Capt. Jackson of the ship Sally, John Wright, surgeon, 
Capt. John Deniston of the ship Clarendon, Peter Hunter, passenger on 
board do., Dan" Crawford, mate ; Thomas Moore, boatswain; James Den- 
niston, a boy ; Murdock McCloud, a sailor, and divers others whose names 
are unknown ^and that he take their parole not to give any intelligence, act 
or do anything \gainst the United Statra of America ; and in case such ex- 
change cannot be effected, that they return immediately to this State again. 
Copy d' to Capt. Jackson De<f i^", 177S- 

At a mektino of the Govebnoe anh Council op Sapett, December 
Uth, 1776. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Tho- Seymour, I 

Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, ! „ 
Wm. Williams, Jed. Elderkin, f ^ ' 

Nath" Wales jun', J 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for one hundred pounds, in favour of 
Nath' Miner, Esq', Commissary for the troops at Stonington, and to be in 
account. Order drawn De(f ll'\ 1776, d" to Mr. Miner. 

Voted. That the Committee of Fay-Table do adjust the account of the 
expence for taking and bringing one John Shepard to Windham goal, sent 



* Thig paragraph is cancelled on the record. 



Hosted by 



Google 



88 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [December, 

under the care of Mathew Curtis jun' from New Town ; and also the 
a<M;oKn.t of the expence and pay of the escort who conducted seventeen 
prisoners by order of the Assembly's committee under command ol Capt. 
Ezra Starr, and draw orders on the Treasurer for the sum found reasonable 
and justly due ; and that said committee receive the money found in the 
hands of said Sheppard, now in the custody of said Curtis, and lodge the 
same with said Treasurer, taking his receipt therefor. C(>^y cf lo Col. Sey- 
mour Dec' U'\ 1776. 

Voted, That Mr. Nath" Shaw jun'' be and he is hereby authorized and 
desired to draw a letter of credit in favour of the captain or commander of 
the ship Oliver Oronvwell, to be made use of to obtain necessary repairs or 
supplies for said ship in any foreign port where she may fall ; and the said 
Mr. Shaw shall be indemnihed "by (iiis State against all damage that may 
accrue to him by means thereof. Copy rf" to Capt. Coil Deif 14^, 1776. 

His Honor the Governor ia desired to give orders and to permit Mr. 
Andrew Huntington and other commissaries to transport pork and flour out 
of this State to the State of Rhode Island, to be delivered into the hands of 
Col. Champion, Capt. Jared Tracy or Asa Waterman jun", for the use of the 
Connecticut troops in service in that State. 

Resolved by this Board, That Col. Erastus Wolcott, now at New I,ondon, 
be requested and ordered to employ all the men under his command he 
can spare to be cutting and making fashiiies as fast as possible ; and employ 
such further cumber of hands as he thinks proper in New London and 
vicinity thereof as labourers for said purpose ; and have them prepared and 
brought to Fort Trumbull in New London as soon as may be, and prepara- 
tions there make for placing of them so as on any sudden occasion the 
vacancy or the back of said fort may be filled up with fashines, so as to 
secure the men who may be in said fort on any sudden attack. 

Dr. Albigence Waldo is appointed Chief Surgeon of the ship Oliver 
Cromwell. 

Voted, That an order be drawn on the Pay- Table, in favor of Wm. Las:, 
for making carriaijes, for the sum of £60. 0. 0, and to be in account. Order 
draien Dec' W\ 1776, d' to Mr. Lax. 

After the Council broke up, drew an order upon Pay-Table for Gfam' 
Badcock going express to Tyconderoga, for £10, to enable him to bear hia 
expences, and to be accountable. Signed by Governor. 



Hosted by 



Google 



■ Assistants. 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 



At a General Assembly op the Governor and Company op the 
State op Connecticut holden at Midletown by adjournment 
ON the third Wednesday op December, being the eighteenth 

DAT OP SAID MONTH, AnNO DoMINI 1776. 

Present : 

The Hoii'''^ Jonathan Trumbull, Esq% Governor. 
The Hon"^ Mathew Griswold, Esq", " " 

Jabez Hamlin, Esq'', 

Elisha Sheldon, Esq'', 

Eliphalet Dyer, Esq', 

Jabez Huntington, Esq', 

William Pitkin, Esq', 

Samuel Huntington, Esq' 

Richard Law, Esq', 

Wiiliam William 8, Esq', 

Representatives or Deputies of the Freemen of the several Towns ar 
follow, viz. : 

Colo, John Pitkin, Colo. Thomas Seymour, for Hartford. 

Mr. Samuel Lawrence, Maj' Amos Wilcox, for Symsbury. 

Mr. Neziah Bliss, Mr. John Phelps, for Hebron. 

Colo. Erastua Wolcott, Mr, Benoni Olcott, for East Windsor. 

Capt. John Brooks, Mr. Hez'' Brainerd, for Haddara. 

Capt. Timothy Pearl, Mr. Moses Holmes, for Willington. 

Mr. Ebenezer White, Colo. John Penfield, for Chatham. 

Mr. Edward Collins, Capt. Ephraim Pease, for Enfield. 

Colo. Henry Champion, Mr. John Watrous, for Colchester. 

Capt. Elizur Goodrich, Colo. Thomas Belding, for Weathersfield, 

Capt. Isaac Pinney, Capt. Samuel Daviss, for Stafford. 

Mr. Benja- Trumbull, Mr, Seth King, for Bolton. 

Mr. Aaron Horton, for Somera. 

Mr. Ebenezer Plummer, Mr. Elijah Hollister, for Glastonbury, 

Colo. Isaac Lee, Mr. John Treadwell, for Farmington. 

Mr. Titus Hosmer, Mr, John Diciiinson, for Midletown. 

Mr. Daniel Brainerd, Mr. Samuel Huntington, for East Hadam. 

Capt. Abraham Granger, for Suffield. 

Mr. Ichabod Griggs, Capt. Elijah Chapman, for Tolland. 

Capt. Henry AUyn, for Windsor, 

Mr. Samuel Bishop, for New Haven. 

Capt. John Holbrook, Mr, Elijah Hotchkiss, for Derby. 

Mr. Joseph Hopkins, Capt. Ezra Brownson, for Waterbury. 

Colo. Elihu Chauncey, Mr. Benja. Pickett, for Durham. 

Mr. Daniel Page, for Branford. 



Hosted by 



Google 



90 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

Mr, Nath" Stone, Mr. Nath" Ruggles, for Guilford. 
Mr. Ephraim Strong, Mr. Isaac Miles, for Milford. 
Oapt. Eliakim Hall, Mr. Samuel Beach, for Wallingford. 
Mr. Nathaniel Shaw jun% Maj'. William Hillhouse, for New London. 
Mr. Benja. Huntington, Mr. Rufua Lathrop, for Norwich. 
Mr. Park Avery, Mr. John Hurlburt, for Groton. 
Mr. Hezekiah Lane, Capt. Samuel Gale, for Killingworth. 
Capt. William Witter, Capt. Asa Kinne, for Preston. 
Capt. Daniel Fish, Mr. Joshua Prentiss, for Stonington. 
Mr. Samuel Field, Capt. Benia. Williams, for Saybrook. 
.Mr. John Lay 2'', Colo. Marahfield Parsons, for Lyme, 
for Fairfield. 
Oapt. Robert Fairchild, Capt, Daniel Judson, for Stratford. 
Mr. James Potter, for New Fairfield. 

for Reading. 
Mr. John Davenport, for Stamford. 
Mr. Amoa Mead, for Greenwich. 

for Bidgfield. 

for Danbury. 
Mr. Thaddeus Betts, for Norwalk. 

Capt. Jabez Huntington, Capt, Ebenezer Mosely, for Windham. 
Mr. John Clark, Capt. Joshua West, for Lebanon, 
Mr. Elisha Perkins, Mr. Joshua Dunlap, for Plainfield. 
Mr. Thomas Williams, Mr. Nathan Frink, for Pomfrett. 
Mr. David Payne, Mr. Eliashib Adams, for Canterbury. 
Maj' Samuel McLelian, Capt. Timothy Perrin, for Woodstock. 
Mr. Constant Southworth, Mr. Edmund Freeman, for Mansfield. 
Mr. Simon Learned, Mr. Benja. Leavins, for Killingley. 
Mr, Robert Hunter, for Volunt«wn. 

Capt. Ebenezer Kingsbury, Mr, Abraham Burnap, for Coventry. 
Capt. Elisha Wal^, for Ashford. 
Mr. Jedidiah Strong, for Litchfield. 
Capt. Increase Mosely, for Woodbury. 
Colo. Joshua Porter, for Salisbury. 
Capt. Mathew Gillett, for New Hartford. 

Mr. Ephraim Bancroft, Capt. Shubael Griswold, for Torriugton. 
Colo. Ebenezer Norton, Mr. David Thomson, tor Goshen. 
Maj'" Jethro Hatch, Capt. Justus Sackett, for Kent. 
Capt. Sherman Bordman, Mr, Abel Hine, for New Milford. 
Maj' Ebenez' Gay, Mr. James Pardee, for Sharon. 
Capt. Thomas Porter, Mr, Judah Kellogg, for Comwell. 
Capt. John Watson, Mr. Asahel Bebee, for Canaan. 
Mr. Phineas Kingsbury, Mr. Joseph Wilder, for Hartland. 
Mr. Josiah Phelps, for Harwington. 

for Westmoreland, 
Titaa Hosmer Esq-, Spe^ker^ j ^j j^^ jj^^^,^ ^j Represent.tiveB. 

iJenjamm Huntmgton, Esq', Clerk, \ "^ 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 91 

Tt entituled An Act for formliw and r^culat- 
i Enoouragement of mflitary Bkill, 
Defience of this State. 

Whereas it is not only the interest but the duty of all nations to 
defend theirlives, liberties and properties against the unlawfull attacks 
and depredations of all enemies whatever : And whereas the laws now 
in force respecting the regulations of the militia are not fully adequate 
for the purposes aioresaid, 

It is therefore enacted by the Governor, Council and Sepreeentatives, 
in General Oourt assembled, and by the authority of the same, That all 
the regiments of militia within this State shall be formed into six 
several brigades, as follows, viz. : 

The first shall consist of and include within the same the first, 
sixth, nineteenth and twenty-second regiments of militia, and shall be 
called the First Brigade. That the second shall consist of and include 
the second, seventh, tenth and twenty-third regiments of militia, and 
shall be called the Second Brigade. That the third shall consist of 
and include the third, eighth, twentieth, and twenty-fifth regiments 
of militia, and he called the Third Brigade. That the fourth shall 
consist of and include the fourth, ninth, thirteenth and sixteenth 
regiments of militia, and he called the Fourth Brigade. That the 
fifth shall consist of and include the fifth, eleventh, twelfth and twenty- 
first regiments of militia, and be called the Fifth Brigade. That the 
sixth shall consist of and include the foufteenth, fifteenth, seven- 
teenth, eighteenth and twenty-fourth regiments of militia, and be 
called the Sixth Brigade. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That there 
shall be appointed by the General Assembly from time to time as may 
be necessary two Major Generals, to rank and command as first and 
second over the whole militia of this State, who shall he commissioned . 
to said office by the Governor and shall at all times have power to 
draw forth the said militia or any part of them as they shall from 
time to time be ordered by the General Assembly or the captain gen- 
era! and commander-in-chief or other their superior officer for the 
immediate defence of this or any of the United States of America.. 
And the officers and soldiers of said militia shall pay entire obedience 
to their commands accordingly, under the penalties hereafter provided 
in this act. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That there 
shall be appointed by said Assembly from time to time as may be 
necessary one Brigadier General to the command of each of the several 
brigades aforesaid, who shall be commissioned by the Governor and 
have the same command over their respective brigades as the first major 
general has over the whole militia of the State, and shall be subject 
to the orders of his superior officer in drawing forth or marching said 
militia for defence as aforesaid ; and every brigadier shall review each 
regiment of his'brigade once a year and oftener if the Assembly shall 
order it, and en default thereof shall be liable to be removed from his 



Hosted by. 



Google 



92 PUBLIC BECORDS [December, 

office. And the colonel or chief officer of every regiment may and 
shall nominate and appoint a suitable person to serve as an adjutant 
to their respective regiments and conmiissionate them accordingly. 

And whereas in and by the acts and laws heretofore made and 
now in force for regulating the militia, certain orders of men are ex- 
empt from common and ordinary trainings, and not liable to the same 
duty with those on the present militia rolls, and many who have been 
commission and non-commission officers in the militia, and others 
who for various reasons have obtained discharges and been excused 
from doing ordinary duty in such trained bands; and whereas the 
present situation of this State calls loudly for the whole force and aid 
of its inhabitants, and many of those persons who are by said acts so 
exempted and others not included in that part of the militia called 
the train-bands, and persons excused as aforesaid, are able and will- 
ing to fight in defence of their country, 

It in therefore further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all 
male persons from sixteen years of age to sixty, not included in that 
part of the militia called the train-band, or exempted from common 
and ordinary training, shall constitute an alarm list in this State 
(excepting members of the Council, of the House of Kepresentatives 
and American Congress, for the time being, the Treasurer and Secre- 
tary of the State, ministers of the gospel, the president, tutors and 
students of Yale College for the time being, and negroes, Indians and 
molattoes ;) and if of sufficient ability in the judgment of the select- 
men of the town where they have their usual place of abode, shall 
respectively provide for and equip themselves with such arms and 
accoutrements as by law is directed for those of the train-band in 
the militia aforesaid ; and shall in case of an alarm or orders given 
be under the command of such officers as by this act is directed; 
any law, usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding. Provided 
that no person above fifty years of age shall be compelled to march 
out of the State, nor such millers and ferry-men as the selectmen of 
the town shall judge necessary to excuse therefrom shall be obliged 
to march out of the town wherein they have their usual place of 
abode. 

And that all such persons belonging to the alarm list may be formed 
into companies and the service to which they may be called to engage 
in be thereby rendered more agreeable to them. 

Be it further enacted iy the authority aforesaid, That the captain 
or commanding officer of the several militia companies shall forthwith 
take an exact list of the number and names of such as are of the 
alarm list, (excepting as before excepted,) who have their abode 
within the limits of their respective companies or trainbands, and 
deliver the same to the colonel or commanding officer of the regiment 
to which they belong ; and said colonel and other field officers of such 
regiment shall thereupon, as soon as may be, divide and set off the 
same into companies, in the respective towns whereto they belong or 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 93 

to abide as they shall judge expedient, to consist as nearly as con- 
veniently can be of sixty-four privates, and to dotermine the rank of 
each and every company. 

Provided nevertheless, that no person belonging to said alarm list 
ahall be obliged without his consent to join a company belonging to 
any town in which he has not bis usual place of abode, unless where 
there ahall not be privates enough to make a company of thirty soldiers 
including oflScers; in which case, as also where there are any persons 
belonging to any place not incorporated, they shall be joined to such 
company as the field officers of the regiment within which they are 
shall see fit. And each company when so formed and set off shall by 
ballot in the presence of one of the said field officers, who shall cause 
them to be duly notifyed for that purpose, and shall preside as mod- 
erator, choose one captain, one lieutenant and one ensign; which 
choice shall immediately be certifyed to the General Assembly or in 
the recess of said Assembly to the Governor and Council of SaJety by 
said lield officer, who shall commissionate such persons pursuant to 
their election. And if said company so set off and notifyed to choose 
their said officers as aforesaid shall neglect or refuse to do the same, 
said field officers of said regiment, or either of them, shall nominate 
the most suitable and proper persons of said company to be appointed 
commission officers for such company so neglecting or refusing and 
certify the same as aforesaid, who shall be commissioned accordingly. 
And that each of the captains that shall be chosen or appointed as 
aforesaid shall, as soon as may be, call their respective companies 
together for the purpose of choosing one clerk, four Serjeants, four 
corporals, one drummer and one fifer. And if the said company 
being called together for that purpose shall at any time neglect or 
refuse immediately to proceed to the choice of one or more non-com- 
missioned officer or officers so ordered to he chosen, the commission 
officers of such company, or the major part of them, shall by warrant 
under their hands in writing appoint such non-commissioned officer 
■or officers which the said company shall have refused to choose as 



And be it further enacted iy the authority aforesaid, That the cap- 
tain or commanding officer of every such company shall on the first 
Monday of May and first Monday of October, annually, muster and 
■call forth said company and examine their arms and accoutrements ; 
and if any such person belonging to the alarm list shall unnecessarily 
neglect to appear, aft«r being duly warned, with his arms and accou- 
trements, he shall be liable to pay the same fine as is provided against 
thc^e of the training band in like cases offending. And the said sev- 
eral companies that constitute the alarm list, in case of an alarm or 
of orders given by their superior officers to march for the defence of 
this or any of the United States of America, shall be under the com- 
mand of the general officers and of the field officers of the respective 
Tegiments of militia within whose limits they be that are or may be 



Hosted by 



Google 



94 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

appointed from time to time, and be liable to be detached or drafted 
and to do the same military duties while on their march or in service, 
and to suffer the same penalties for not joining and marching when 
required as the militia companies or training bands are by law holden 
and subjected to. And when such companies shall be called into 
service, they shall take rank before the ofiier militia companies : Pro- 
vided nevertheless, that if any person drafted or detached as afore- 
said, either from the alarm list or militia roll, shall forthwith procure 
an able-bodied effective man to inlist in his room and stead to the 
acceptance of the captain or muster-master of his company, or shall 
forthwith pay or secure to be paid witliin one month the sum of five 
pounds money to the treasurer of the town where he belongs, for the 
use of the town, such person shall be exempted from prosecution for 
neglect or refusal of hia personal service in such detachment. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no non- 
commissioned officer or soldier drafted or detached for service in pur- 
suance of this act shall depart the same without licence of his com- 
mander, on pain of forfeiting the sum of fifteen pounds to the treas- 
ury of the town to which he belongs. 

And it is further provided. That in case the commanding officer 
of the sixth brigade shall from time to time order the colonel or chief 
officer of the militia in Westmoreland to review and make return 
thereof to him he shall be excused from doing the same in his own 
person ; anything in this act notwithstanding. 

Be it further enacted, That when the selectmen shall adjudge any 
person unable to equip and arm himself as in this act is required, they 
shall certify the same under their hands to the captain or command- 
ing officer of the company to which such person shall belong; and the 
said selectmen shall at the espence of the town arm and equip such 
deficient person, and the arms so provided shall be the property of 
such town, and the fines and penalties in this act provided for such as 
shall neglect or refuse to join and march when called for shall be 
appropriated for or towards reimbursing the expences of providing 
such arms. 

And it is farther enacted and provided, That when any person or 
peraons incurring or liable to any fines or forfeitures in this act pro- 
vided shall pay or deliver such fine to the town treasurer of the town 
to which he or they belong, it shall excuse such person from any suit 
or prosecution thereon. 

And whereas it is necessary to attain the good ends proposed by 
this act, that the Captain General should from time to time be informed 
of the state and strength of the military companies within this State, 

Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the captain 
or commanding officer present in this State of every military company 
within the same, as well those of the militia as of the companies to be 
formed by virtue of this act, shall once in every two months make a 
return to the colonel or commanding officer of the regiment of the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT, 95 

number and state of hia company, therein setting down and distin- 
guishing the number of able-bodied effective men both officers and 
soldiers thereto belonging, those that may be then absent in public 
service, at sea or on journeys, and such as are sick and unfit for service. 
And that the colonel or commanding ofBcer of each regiment of mili- 
tia in this State shall once in every two months make a return to the 
brigadier general of the brigade to which he belongs of the able-bodied 
effective men, those absent in public service, at sea or on journeys, 
and of those that are sick and unfit for duty within his regiment, 
agreeable to the returns he shall receive from the captains and com- 
manding officers of companies within the same. And that the several 
brigadiers general shall once in every two months make a return to 
the Captain General for the time being of the able-bodied effective 
men, those absent in public service, at sea or on journeys, and of those 
that are sick and unfit for duty within hia brigade, agreeable to the 
returns he shall receive from the colonels or commanding officers of 
the regiments within the same. 

And be it further enacted. That in case any captain or command- 
ing officer of a company shall rgfuse or neglect to make return of the 
number and state of his company as aforesaid, or shall knowingly and 
wittingly make a false or undue return of the same, and shall be 
thereof convicted, he shall forfeit and pay the sum of ten pounds, L. 
money, to be recovered by bill, plaint or information, in any court 
proper to try the same. 

And whereas it is just that the services necessary for the defence 
of the State should be bom and performed by those persons liable to 
the same in a just and equal proportion, 

Be it further enacted iy the authority aforesaid. That the private 
soldiers in the several companies of militia and those to be formed by 
virtue of this act be entered and reduced into a certain order and 
numbered in a muster-roll in manner following, viz : That the com- 
mission officers of each company shall and do as soon as may be call 
forth their said companies and divide them into four equal divisions, 
taking care that persons of the same office, family, business, trade or 
occupation be divided as much as may be and placed in different 
divisions. And that the said divisions immediately proceed to settle 
their turn of duty by lot in this manner, viz: That the figures 1, 2, 3, 
4, be fairly wrote on slips of paper, and said slips being rolled up and 
put into a box or open vesaell, that some person by each division 
appointed and chosen shall draw out of such box or vesseil one of said 
slips, and that the turn of duty for such divisions shall be settled 
agreeable to the natural order of the figure the person by them 
appointed shall happen to draw. And that thereupon the soldiers of 
each division shall immediately proceed to settle their several turns 
of duty in manner following, viz : That a number of figures from 1 
and upwards, equal to the number of persons soldiers in such division, 
shall be fairly vrote on slips of paper, which shall in the presence of 



'Hosted by 



Google 



96 PUBLIC BEC0BD8 [December, 

the commiaaiou officers of such company be rolled up and put into a 
box or open vesaell ; and thereupon each soldier shall then and there 
openly and publickly draw out of such box or vesaell one of said 
papers and the order in which each soldier shall be entered in the 
muster-roll of audi company ahall be determined by the number he 
shall so draw, that is to say, the soldier who draws the figure 1 shall 
be first entered, and so in succeasion agreeable to the natural order of 
the figures they shall respectively draw. 

And he it further enacted, That any person that shall hereafter 
arrive to the age of sixteen years, or otherwise become liable to do 
duty in any military company, his name shall be entered at the end of 
the muster-roll of such company and his turn of duty take place 
accordingly. 

And be it further enacted, That when any draught or det-achment 
shall hereafter be first ordered to be made from any company of the 
militia or any company to be formed by virtue of this act that the 
same shall be made of such persona as are and shall be first named and 
set down in the muster-roll of the same, and so in succession from 
time to time until every soldier in such company shall have taken his 
turn in aeryiee. Alwaya provided, that when any detachment or 
draught is to be made for any service to be performed out of this State 
no person in the alarm list of the age of fifty years or upwards shall 
be detached for the same but shall for that time be passed by, and 
shall be detached and put upon the first service thence afterwards to 
be performed within this State. Provided also, that if any soldier 
shall be sick and unfit for duty, or absent at aea or on a journey at the 
time of his turn of aervice, he shall be drafted and take his turn of 
service upon the next draft after he shall recover his health and be fit 
for duty or shall return into this State. 

And he it further enacted, That whenever any non-com mission 
officer or soldier who shall be detached and ordered into service by 
virtue of this act shall refuse to muster and march upon the same 
and shall not procure some fit person to serve in hia atead, it ahall be 
the duty of the selectmen of that town to which he belongs to procure 
or hire a fit and able person to perform such aervice, for which pur- 
pose the finea inflicted by this or any former act and ordered to be 
paid into the town treasury, or so much of the same as shall be neces- 
sary, may be drawn out and appropriated for that use. 

And whereas the method of recovering the fines and forfeitures 
inflicted by former acta for regulating the militia upon auch persona 
as refuse or neglect to muster and march with the companies to which 
they belong when duly ordered and for other breaches of the aame are 
found to be inconvenient, 

Be it further enacted hy the authority aforesaid. That when any 
person ahall be guilty of any breach of said former acts or of this act by 
refusing or neglecting to march when legally ordered, or by deserting 
sa aforesaid, or any other breach whereby a fine or penalty is forfeited 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] 



OP CONNECTICUT. 



97 



to any public treasury, the captain or commanding officer of the com* 
pany to which such offending person belongs shall as soon as may be 
make a rcpoi-t and return in writing of the name of such person and 
the offence of which he is guilty subscribed with his name and office 
to, and the same lodge with the clerk of the county court of the 
county to which such person belongs, and such clerk shall from time 
to time as soon aa may be certify the judge of such court of the num- 
ber of such returns and the names of the persons against whom, and 
said judge is directed to take care, that such persons be brought to 
tryall before the then setting or next session of such court, and in case 
such court be not then sitting or speedily to be holden, such judge 
shall appoint and call a special court for the tryal of such persons and 
shall give notice thereof to the said clerk and direct him to summon 
a jury to attend, and shall also direct the State Attorney of such 
county to enquire after and receive such reports so lodged and prepare 
the process against such persons, and such court at either of their 
sessions as aforesaid shall proceed to take cognizance of such offences, 
hear and try the same ; and all fines and forfeitures found and 
adjudged by such court for any of the offences aforesaid shall belong 
to the treasury of the town in which such person did reside at the 
time of incurring the same, for the uses aforesaid, and execution shall 
be awarded accordingly, and the sum to be collected for such fine made 
payable to the treasurer of such town; and such treasurer is hereby 
authorized to enquire after and receive the same. 

And it u further enacted, That on such tryal the report or return 
of such officer subscribed as aforesaid shall be admitted and allowed 
as legal evidence against such offender; any law, usage or custom to 
the contrary notwithstanding. 

And be it further enacted. That if any such captain or command- 
ing officer shall neglect to make such report or return by the space of 
one month after the offence shall be committed, such officer shall 
forfeit and pay a fine or penalty of forty shillings for the use of the 
town to which he belongs, and the like sura for every month he shall 
neglect the same, unless he can satisfy the court or justice to whom 
he may be complained of that it was not a careless or wilfull heglect. 
And all informing officers are directed and specially impowered to 
make presentment of such officer who shall be guilty of neglecting 
his duty as aforesaid. 



Whereas the rapid and exorbitant rise upon the necessaries and 
conveniences of life in this day of public calamity and distress is 
chiefly occasioned by monopolizers, the great pest of society, who pre- 
fer their own private gain to the interest and safety of their country, 
and which if not prevented threatens the ruin and destruction of the 
State, and the committees from the several States of New England 
Vol. SVI.— 7 



si.ed by Google 



98 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

have recommended that the prices of the necessaries of life be limited 
as hereinafter affixed : 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That for 
the future the rates and prices hereafter enumerated be affixed and 
settled within the State in manner following, viz : Farming labour 
in the summer season shall not exceed three shillings and four pence 
per diem, and so in the usual proportion at other seasons of the year, 
and the labour of mechanicks and tradesmen and other labour to be 
computed according to the wages and customs that have heretofore 
been adopted and practiced in the different parts of this State com- 
pared with farming labour. Good merchantable wheat shall not ex- 
ceed the price of six shillings per bushell. Good merchantable rye 
shall not exceed three shillings and six pence per bushell. Good 
merchantable Indian corn shall not exceed three shillings per bushell. 
Good merchantable wool two shillings per pound. Pork from five to 
seven score ^id per pound, from seven to ten SJi? per pound, and all 
above ten score 3|(f, Grass-fed beef of the best quality not to exceed 
24s. per hundred weight, and so in that proportion for stall-fed beef, 
and likewise beef of an inferior quality. Raw Hides shall not exceed 
Zd. per pound. Good well tanned sole leather shall not exceed one 
shilling and five pence per pound. Good merchantable salt shall not 
exceed ten shillings per bushell. Good merchantable West India 
rum shall not exceed 6s, 8ti. per gallon per hogshead, seven shillings 
and eight pence for the single gallon, and 2a. per quart, and so in like 
proportion for the smaller quantities according to the accustomed 
usages for retailing, save allowing one penny per gallon for every ten 
miles the same shall be conveyed by land-carriage from the first port 
of delivery for the cost, risque and charge of carrying the same. New 
England rum of the best quality shall not exceed 3». 10 per gallon 
per hogshead, 4s. per gallon by the barrell, and 48. 6 by the single 
gallon, at the ports and places where the same shall be first distilled 
exclusive of the cask, and so in like proportion for smaller quantities 
according to the old and accustomed usages for retailing small quan- 
tities, save allowing one penny per gallon for every ten miles the 
same shall be conveyed by land-carriage from the place of distillery 
for the cost, charge and risque of carrying the same. Best Musco- 
vado sugar shall not exceed 548. per hundred weight per hogshead, 
60fl. by the single hundred weight, and ^d. per pound, at the first port 
of delivery, allowing nine pence per hundred weight for every ten 
miles land carriage the same may be conveyed from the said first port 
of delivery, to defray the expence of carrying the same. Molasses of 
the best quality shall not exceed three shillings and four pence per 
gallon by the hogshead, 8s. 8 per gallon by the barrell, and 4s. by the 
single gallon at the first port of delivery, allowing one penny per gal- 
lon for every ten miles land carriage the same may be conveyed from 
the first port of delivery, to defray the expence of carrying the same, 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 99 

making the accustomed and usual allowances for molasses of an in- ■ 
ferior quality. American manufactured cheese shall not exceed &d. 
per pound. Butter of the best quality shall not exceed lO'i?. per 
pound. Pease shall not exceed 8s. per buahell. Beans of the best 
quality shall not exceed 63, Hf r bushell. Potatoes commonly called 
Spanish potatoes, of the best sort, shall not in the fail of the year ex- 
ceed Ik. Ad. per bushell, and not at any other season of the year exceed 
28. per bushell. Men's good yarn stockings shall not exceed 6s. per 
pair, and in such proportion to those of an inferior quality. Men's 
neat leather shoes of the best common sort shall not exceed 8a. per 
pair, and other shoes in proportion according to their quality. Salted 
pork by the barrell 220 pound weight in a bai-rell shall not exceed 
X4 4 per barreU. Cotton shall not exceed 3s. per pound by the 
bag and 3s. 8 by the single pound. Good oats shall not exceed 2s. 

?er bushell. Good well dressed merchantable flax shall not exceed 
Oi. per pound. Good coffee shall not exceed Is. 4d. per pound. 
Good tryed tallow shall not exceed l^d. per pound. Good yard wide 
tow cloth shall not exceed 28. Sd. per yard, and so in proportion ac- 
cording to its quality. Coarse linnens to be computed after the rate 
of tow cloth, allowing therefor the reasonable worth. Good yard 
wide striped flannels shall not exceed 3«. Gd. per yard, and other 
flannels in proportion according to their widths and qualities, and 
other woolen cloths in like proportion. 

And whereas considering that goods in general imported have of 
late owing to the unbounded avarice of some persons been sold by 
wholesale at the exorbitant advance of five and six hundred per cent. 
from the prime cost, and retailed out at the unreasonable profit of 
forty and fifty per cent, or more, in addition thereto, which has been 
the occasion of great oppression especially to the poor consumer ; and 
considering that notwithstanding the great risque of a voyage to and 
from Europe, the high rate of insurance, the difficulty of procuring 
articles suitable for the market, the loss upon those exported, the in- 
creased expences and length of the voyage, and the real necessity of 
importing many commodities from thence : Wherefore, to correct and 
rectify such exorbitances, and yet to allow the importer a reasonable 
profit, and also to act in conformity with the other New England 
States in this particular. 

Be it further enacted hy the authority aforesaid. That the price of 
European goods which have been or shall be imported, as also all such 
goods which have been or shall be brought into this State in any prize 
vessell, shall not exceed the following rates, viz: Woolen goods, 
coarse linnens, duck, ticklenburgha and oznabrigs, shall not be sold 
by wholesale at an higher rate than in proportion of two hundred and 
seventy-five pounds sterling for what cost one hundred pounds ster- 
ling in Europe, and not any otlier goods, wares or merchandize im- 
ported from thence or brought into any port in this State in any prize 
vessell shall be sold at wholesale at an higher rate than in the propor- 



Hosted by 



Google 



100 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

tion of two hundred and fifty pounds sterling for what cost one 
hundred pounds sterhng in Europe, excepting warUke and military 
stores, the prices of which need not be limited ; and the retailers of 
such goods shall not sell them at an higher advance tlian "20 'per cent. 
upon the wholesale price. jji 

And he it further enacted by the avihority aforesaid. That whoso- 
ever shall contract or receive for labour, or vend, sell or receive for any 
of the above enumerated articles more than at the above rate or price 
thereto affixed, or for others not enumerated in au unreasonable dis- 
proportion thereto, the extraordinary risque and other special eircum- 
stances considered, shall incur the following penalties and forfeitures, 
viz : For any and every article or articles sold at or under the price 
of twenty shillings a penalty of twenty shillings, and for each and 
every article or articles sold at an higher price than twenty shillings 
a penalty of the price at which they may be sold, which fines and 
forfeitures shall be recovered by action, bill, plaint or information, in 
any court proper to try the same. And the selectmen, committees of 
inspection, constables and grand-jurors of the several towns, and each 
or either of them, are hereby directed and especially required strictly 
to enquire into and due presentment make of all breaches of this act. 

And that the act or law of this State entituled An act for punish- 
ing and preventing of oppression, also an act made and passed by the 
General Assembly of this State at their session at Hartford in May 
in the year of our Lord 1776, entituled An act in alteration of the act 
entituled An act for punishing and preventing oppression, and also an 
act made and passed by this Assembly at their special sessions in 
Hartford in November last, entituled An act to prevent monopolies 
and oppression by excessive and unreasonable prices for many of the 
necessaries and conveniences of life, be repealed, and they are hereby 
respectively repealed and made void. 

An Act for rBpeaUng- an Act entituled An Act for prescribing an Oath of Pldel- 
ity to this State. 

Whereas previous to the taking of the oath prescribed in and by 
said act it will be necessary and proper to revise and amend many of 
the laws and statutes heretofore made and now in force within this 
State, as also to form or agree to some general regulations that may 
be propped for the well being and safety of this and the other United 
States of America and for the maintaining the independency of the 
same, which in the present situation of public affairs cannot be con- 
veniently attended to, 

Be it therefore enacted by the G-ovemor, Council and Representa- 
tivet, in Q-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, 
That the said act and every part thereof be and the same is hereby 
repealed. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] 



OP CONNECTICUT, 



An Act for stating tHe Peee of the several County Courte and of gie re^ectlvs 



Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That the 
chief judge and the other justices, the attorney for the State, the 
clerk and sheriff, the jurors, constables and other officers of the said 
respective coiinty courts in this State that shall take cognizance of 
and hear, try or determine any cause or action relating to the capture 
of any vessell, cargo and appurtenances taken and brought into this 
State by any ship or vessell of war, privateer, letter of marque and 
reprizal, belonging to the United States of America or to any of the 
inhabitants of said several States, shall have and receive the several 
fees and allowances as is hereafter set and affixed in the following 
table, viz: 

Table of Fees. Judgaa Veea. Advocolcs Fe<fl. 

To the chief judge, for his services per day, . ISs. 

The assistant justices per day, . . .12 

For filing and allowing a libel, (to the judge,) 3 6d. 

For citation for appearance, . . . .13 

For summons for a witness, .... 1 

For drawing a libel, , , , . . 6s. 

For pleading thereto and attending the court, 
such fees as the court shall judge reason- 
able. 

To IliB Clerk or Reeleter, 

For citation for appearance, 

For summons for a witness. 

For filing papers and taxing cost. 

For interlocutory decree, recording <fec., 

For a definitive decree and recording, 

For taking every evidence in court, . 

For copy of a libel, .... 

For copy of a decree. 

For a retraxit, .... 

For all money paid into court on condemnation, one 
eighth fer cent, poundage. 

For entering a motion for appeal, .... 1 

For allowing or disallowing thereof, ... 1 

For all copies not exceeding one sheet, ... 1 

If above one sheet, for every sheet, each sheet con- 
taining 400 words, 1 

For every adjournment, ...... 1 

For every bond to prosecute an appeal, . . . 1 

To Ihe Sheriff or Maraliall. 

To the sheriff or marshall for serving all writs, cita- 
tions and warrants, the same fees as is already 
by law allowed in other cases. 



XO 
1 
3 







2a. (yd. 







Hosted by 



Google 



102 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

One half -ptr cent, upon the sale of any yessell, cargo 
and appurtenances condemned, provided the 
amount thereof do not exceed one thousand 
pounds, but where the value and sale of such 
vessell, cargo and her appurtenances shall ex- 
ceed one thousand pounds, then the said sheriff 
shall have one half fsr cent, upon the first 
thousand pounds and one eighth per cent, upon 
all sums over. 

For the jurors per day, each, 4 

For the constable per day, 4 

For witnesses per day, 4 

For their travel per mile, 4 

And it is further enacted. That the several sums expressed in the 
foregoing table of fees and allowances shall be paid into the hands of 
the clerk of said court by the captors or out of the monies such ves- 
sell or vessells, cargo or cargoes and appurtenances condemned as 
aforesaid shall sell for, to be distributed to the several officers of said 
court to whom the same shall belong before any distribution be made 
thereof for the benefit of the captors or attorneys and otiiers con- 
cerned therein. 



t of any Hartiour, River or Creak with sucli tSaft without I 
Be it enacted hy the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That no 
person or persons shall under any pretences whatever depart from 
any port, harbour, bay, creek, river, or any other place whatever 
within this State in any boat, skiff, canoe or any other small craft, 
without liberty in writing first had and obtained from one or more of 
the selectmen of the town from whence such person or persons would 
depart. 

And it is further enacted and resolved, That the selectmen belong- 
ing to the several towns on the sea coast within this State be and 
they are hereby impowered and directed to cause said sraaU, craft 
belonging to their respective towns to be drawn up in some convenient 
place or places as to them shall seem meet, who are to take such 
measures properly to secure them as the circumstances of the case 
may require. 

And it is further enacted hy the authority aforesaid, That if any 
person or persons whatever shall presume contrary to the true intent 
and meaning of this act to depart from any port, harbour, bay, creek, 
river or any other place on the sea coast, in any such boat, skiff, 
canoe or other small craft as aforesaid, without such liberty first had 
and obtained of the selectmen or any one of them as aforesaid, such 
person or persons shall on conviction thereof before any one assistant 
or justice of the peace pay a fine to the treasury of (Jie town where 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 103 

such conviction shall be had, according to the nature and circum 
stances of the offence, not exceeding forty shillings. 

Whereas the article of Salt is much wanted in this State and the 
importation thereof is rendered extremely difficult and uncertain, it is 
judged necessary that due encouragement should be offered to the 
manufacture thereof within this State, 

It is therefore resolved by this Assembly, That a bounty of two 
shillings shall be paid out of the public treasury of this State upon 
each bushell of good merchantable salt that shall be manufactured out 
of sea or natural salt water within this State from and after the first 
day of January, 1777, and before the first day of January, A.D. 1779; 
which bounty shall be in lieu of the one shilling bounty offered by 
this Assembly in October last to the manufacturer of salt as aforesaid ; 
and the maker of such salt producing a certificate under the hands of 
the selectmen of the town where the salt was manufactured of the 
quantity so made shall receive said bounty, and the Treasurer is hereby 
. directed to pay the same to the respective manufacturers accordingly : 
Provided nevertheless, that no person or persons within this State 
shall take advantage of this resolve and also of the respective premi- 
ums they are or may be entituled to by virtue of a resolve of this 
Assembly passed in their sessions in May last granting a particular 
premium to the respective manufacturers of the four first five hundred 
huahelis of salt in this State. 

And it is further resolved^ That no person or persons shall receive 
a certificate of the said selectmen for any salt by him or them so 
manufactured as aforesaid till he or they have taken the following 
oath before some assistant or justice of the peace viz : 

You A. B. do Kwear by the ever living Q-od, that the salt by you 
now exhibited was manv/aetured by you since the first day of January 
A.J), mi, out of sea or natural salt water within this A'tate, and that 
you have not received any bounty or premium or any certificate for the 
salt by you now exhibited to us or any part thereof: So help you God. 



imlicenceil Houses. 

Whereas there is great complaint that innholders, taverners and 
common victuallers in this State demand of travellers, waggon or 
other carriage drivers unreasonable and extraordinary prices for 
victuals, forage, liquors and refreshments, 

Be it therefore enacted by the Governor, Council and Representa- 
tives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. 
That the civil authority, selectmen, constables and grand-jurors, of 
the several towns in this State at their meeting to be holden on the 
first Monday of January annually according to law, or at such other 
time as they shall appoint, be and they are hereby authorized and 
directed to enquire into the prices demanded and received by such 
taverners and victuallers in their respective towns for any of the articles 



Hosted by 



Google 



104 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

aforesaid, and to consider, regulate, limit and state a reasonable sum 
and price, according to the circumstances of the case, which may be 
demanded and taken by such taverner or victualler for any of the said 
articles. And it shall be the duty of such civil authority, selectmen 
&c., to make out and deliver such taverner and victualler a state and 
list of the prices by them regulated and limited as aforesaid, which 
list or a copy thereof shall be set and kept by such taverner or victu- 
aller in fair view on the walls of the bar or most frequented room of 
such house. 

And be it further enacted, That said authority, selectmen, constar 
bles and grand-jurors be and they are directed at such meetings 
and on all proper occasions, to exert their utmost endeavours and 
influence with such taverners and others to enforce the provisions 
of the laws for regulating such taverns or licensed houses and all 
other laws of this State for suppressing vice, immorality and oppres- 
sion, and not to nominate any person for taverners or innholders who 
have not carefully observed the laws respecting them, and who are 
not persons of sober and virtuous conversation. 

Aud he it further enacted. That if any such innholder, taverner or 
common victualler, having received such state and list of prices as 
aforesaid or due notice thereof, shall refuse or neglect to conform 
thereto and to the directions of this act, or shall demand and receive 
more for any such article or thing than is stated and limit^ed as afore- 
said, such person so offending on conviction before any assistant or 
justice of the peace of such town shall forfeit and pay a sum not ex- 
ceeding ten nor less than three shillings for each offence, one half to 
him who shall complain and prosecute to effect, if a common informer, 
and the other half to the town treasury; and when the complaint 
shall be by an informing officer the whole penalty shall belong to the 
town treasury. And al! informing officers are required to make pre- 
sentment of all breaches of this act. 

Whereas it is apprehended the distilling of spirituous liquors from 
grain will occasion a scarcity of bread in this State, 

Se it enacted by the Governor, Council and RepreHentatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That no 
person or persons whatsoever within this State shall distill any spirits 
uous liquor of any kind from wheat, rye or indian corn, at any time 
before the rising of this Assembly in May next, excepting such grain 
as is already .80 far in the works as to render the same unfit for bread, 
on penalty that the person or persons who shall be guilty of a breach 
of this act and duly convicted thereof before any court proper to try 
the same shall forfeit fourfold the value of such gi-ain so distilled ; 
one half to the treasury of the town in which such offence is com- 
mitted, and the other half to the person who shall prosecute the same 
to effect if presented by a common informer. And all informing 
officers are hereby directed to make due presentment of all breaches 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF Connecticut;. 106 

of this act, in which case and on conviction the whole forfeiture afore- 
said shall belong and be paid unto such town treasury as aforesaid. 

It being represented to this Assemblj by the Treasurer of this 
State, that the public treasury thereof is at present nearly exhausted, 
and that there are pressing demands for large suras of money, particu- 
larly to pay the additional premiums of ten pounds granted by this 
Assembly to the soldiers inlisting into either of the eight continental 
battalions now raising in this State, and said demands cannot be 
otherwise satisfied, 

It is therefore enacted and resolved hy this Assembly, That the 
Treasurer of this State be and he is authorized and directed forth- 
with to make and execute notes or bills under his hand and oiBce to 
the amount of sixty thousand pounds in the whole in equal sums of 
ten pounds each, payable to the possessor or bearer at or before the 
end of three years, with interest at the rate of four per cent, per an- 
num, and to bear date on the day and year the same shaU. be issued 
and paid out according to the provisions of this act and according to 
law; the said notes to be made in the same manner and of the same 
form and tenor with the notes ordered to be issued by said Treasurer 
in and by an act passed by this Assembly in their present session, 
entituled An act for establishing a loan office in this State, exclusive 
of those latter words in said form, viz : Saving received said principal 
sum of A. B. for the use of said State. And the said notes shall be 
registered and the Treasurer chargeable therewith in the same man- 
ner as in and by said act is provided. 

And it is further resolved and ordered. That said Treasurer pay 
and deliver out said notes to the officers of said eight battalions in 
lieu of bills of credit of this or continental emission, according to the 
regular drafts which are or may be made on him or in discharge of 
other proper and lawfull orders. 

And it is further resolved and enacted hy this Assemble/, That the 
possessor or bearer of such notes shall be entituled to receive out of 
the treasury of this State the sum and sums therein promised at or 
before the expiration of the period therein set and limited according 
to the orders and directions of this Assembly. 

And be it further resolved and enacted. That any person altering, 
forging or counterfeiting any of said notes, or aiding or assisting 
therein, or uttering the same knowing the same to be so altered &c. 
shall incur and suffer the same pains, penalties and forfeitures as by 
said act is provided against altering, forging or counterfeiting any of 
the notes therein mentioned, or uttering ^e same knowing them to 
be so altered <fec. as in said act is mentioned. 

Always provided, That the said sum of sixty thousand pounds 
ordered by this act to be issued in notes by said Treasurer shall be in 
lieu of so much and considered and computed as part of the sum 
ordered and directed by said act to be loaned and borrowed ; anything 
in said act for establishing said loan office notwithstanding. 



Hosted by 



Google 



106 PUBLIC EBC0BD8 [December, 

Whereas the CoininiasionerB of the four New England States have 
lately taken into consideration the importance of speedily raising and 
compleating their several quotas of tlie continental army, and have 
judged it reasonable to give a liberal encouragement to such as shall 
freely and speedily undertake in this service for the defence of them- 
selves and country against the most grievous and lasting oppression, 
not doubting but by the blessing of God on our ri[gh]teous cause we 
may be able to repel the invasion of our enemies and secure the rights 
and liberties of America, have therefore unanimously agreed upon the 
following bounties and encouragements, Wz- That each non-commis- 
sioned officer and soldier shall have and receive ten pounds in addition 
to the premium given by the Hon""' Congress, and also one good 
blanket annually or in lieu thereof three dollars, and that they shall 
be supplied while in camp with all the articles of cloathing and re- 
freshments which they may want at the prime cost in the several 
States without any addition for expence of transportation. 

This Assembly taking the matters aforesaid into consideration and 
willing to give reasonable and sufficient encouragement to all able volun- 
tiers to engage in this most important service have and do therefore re- 
solve, order and grant, That all able-bodied effective non-commission 
officers and soldiers, who have already or shall speedily inlist into 
either of the eight battalions ordered by this Assembly in October 
last to be raised in this State, for the term of the pi'esent war, or for 
the term of three years from their inlistment unless sooner discharged, 
shall be entituled to and shall have and receive the said additional 
premium of ten pounds and all the other encouragements before men- 
tioned in addition to the premium, wages and encouragement ofi'ered 
and given by said Hon'"''^ Continental Congress. 

And it is further resolved, That all who have already or shall in- 
list into either of the four battalions ordered by this Assembly in 
November last to be raised untill the IS"" of March next may have 
free liberty to inlist into either of said eight battalions and shall be 
entituled to the same premiums and every encouragement aforesaid, 
the forty shillings premium allowed for inlisting into said four bat- 
talions being considered as parcell of said additional ten pounds 
bounty and deducted therefrom, saving and allowing out of said de- 
duction at the rate of six pence per diem for eveiy day he or they 
shall have been inlisted into either of said four battalions. The 
aforesaid premiums and encouragement are considered by this Assem- 
bly and the New England States equal to the utmost reasonable wish 
of 'any friend to his country. 

An Act for granting- a Bounty to the Mililla and stating their Wagea when. 
caUed into actual Service. 

£e it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That whenever 
the militia of this State shall be called into service for any time less 
than two months that the officers and soldiers be allowed and paid the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 107 

same wages and rations that those of equal rank in the continental 
army are allowed and paid. 

And it is farther enacted and resolved, That when said militia 
shall be called out as aforesaid for a term more than two and not ex- 
ceeding four months, that then the non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers be paid a bounty of twenty shillings ; and when the term of 
their service as aforesaid shall amount to five and shall not exceed 
sis months, that the non-commiaaioned officers and soldiers be paid a 
bounty of forty shillings, in either ease over and above the contin- 
ental pay and rations : Provided always, that they voluntarily inlist 
themselves into such services, otherwise that they have and receive the 
continental wages and rations only, without any bounty as aforesaid. 

Whereas the raising and supplying the continental army with the 
quota assigned to this State requires our utmost exertion and not 
having moneys from the Continental Congress in any measure ade- 
quate for that purpose ; and whereas by order of the Congress a loan 
office is established in each of the United States to receive in such 
monies as may be offered for loan, and John Lawrence, Esq', the 
Treasurer of this State, is appointed Commissioner to superintend 
such loan office, to receive in such monies as may be offered here, but 
the proper certificates are not received by him by which he may be 
enabled to secure such persons who may lodge the same r 

Whereupon it is resolved. That the said John Lawrence, Esq', be 
and he is hereby impowered and directed immediately to issue out his 
proclamation giving notice to all persons disposed to bring in such 
moneys as they may be inclined and lodge the same in his loan office 
aforesaid, and thereupon to give his receipt in behalf of this State for 
such moneys he shall so receive therein, promising and assuring such 
person or persons so lodging their moneys respectively to produce to 
him or them such continental certificates or assurances as by them 
ordered, otherwise that this State will stand liable and accountable 
to each and every person for the respective sums by him or them 
lodged as aforesaid with the interest thereon according to and by the 
time limited by the resolve of Congress, And the said John Lawrence, 
Esq', is hereby directed to pay out and deliver such sura or sums of the 
moneys so lodged as aforesaid according to the orders of this Assem- 
bly or the Governor and Council of Safety from time to time, for 
which the said John Lawrence, Esq', shall be fully indemnifyed by this 
State. The form of which security shall be as follows, viz : 

Received of A. B. of H. in the St.(tte of the sum of 

hy him lodged in this office for the use of the United States in America, 
for which Ida hereby promise and engage for and in behalf of the State 
of Connecticut to procure and deliver to him the said A. JB. within a 
reasonable time a eontinental certificate for the same sum securing the 
payment thereof within three years from the date hereof and the interest 
thereof at. faur per cent, annually according to the resolve of Congress 



Hosted by 



Google 



108 PUBLIC RECORDS 

thereon passed the third day of October, 1776, or on failure thereof to 
pay unto the said A. B. said sum by Mm lodged ax aforesaid within 
three years from the date hereof and the interest thereof at the rate of 
four per cent, annually till the principal he paid. Dated at Hartford 
this day of A.D. 177 . 

Resolred by this Assembly, That the wages of the militia officers 
and soldiers that have marched from time to time for the relief of any 
place within this State shall while on their march or in actual service 
he allowed after the same rate that the troops stationed upon the sea 
coast the current year had and do receive by order of this Assembly, 
and that they shall each be allowed and paid the sum of one shilling 
and six pence per day while mustering or on their march to and from 
the place of their destination in lieu of all expence for their own sup- 
port excepting only when they receive public provision; and the Com- 
mittee of the Pay-Table are hereby directed to adjust the pay-rolls and 
accounts of such expences attending such marches accordingly ; and 
the commanding officers at the several places of their destination and 
selectmen of the several towns who have or shall deliver out of the 
public stores to such militia companies any accoutrements or quanti- 
ties of powder and ball shall forthwith lodge the receipts taken there- 
for, or other proper evidence of the same, with the Pay-Table, who 
shall in case said accoutrements, powder and ball are not returned or 
paid for to the acceptance of said commanding officer or selectmen 
or inevitably lost, appearing by certificate from them, deduct the 
value thereof from the sum found due to such company, and the said 
selectmen shall receive such sum so deducted out* of the public treas- 
ury by order drawn therefor by said Committee of Pay-Table or the 
same quantity again out of any of the public stores belonging to this 
State upon application by them made therefor. 

Whereas this Assembly are informed that our enemies are endeav- 
ouring to penetrate through the State of New Jersey to the city of 
Philadelphia, and that the inhabitants of Pensylvania are roused 
and animated and collecting to join General Washington with resolu- 
tion to resist them; that General Lee is following the enemy with a 
large body, and fair and hopefuU prospect presents itself of cutting 
off and destroying them between two fires, in case General Lee could 
be suddenly reinforced, and there seems to be a spirit rising in this 
and all the United States to exert themselves to put a stop once and 
forever to the cruel ravages of our unnatural foes: This Assembly, 
ardently desirous to cherish and promote the spirit and zeal that 
seems to be exerting itself and increasing, do therefore earnestly move, 
call upon and invite any and all able-bodied men in the State on the 
west of Connecticut River, chearfully to spring forward and offer 
themselves for the service of their country on this great occasion, and 
that such voluntiers forthwith form themselves into companies and 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 109 

enroll their names, from forty-five to sixty men each company, and 
immediately choose their own officers for such companies, that is, one 
captain, one lieutenant and one ensign, and inarch forward toward 
Peekskill with alt possible expedition, and the officers shall receive 
their commissions on the road from some of the field officers. They 
are to carry as much provisicm as they can conveniently, and shall 
receive of their captains to the. amount of twenty shillings each to 
assist them on their march, and shall have the same generous pay 
and wages as have been given by this Assembly. They shall he 
formed into several battalions under the most generous-spirited and 
humane field officers, headed by a brigadier general of the same dis- 
position, and lead to the relief of their country ; and there is great hope 
that a speedy exertion will be crowned with happy and glorious suc- 
cess. They shall not be holden more than two months, unless their 
own zeal, ardor and consideration of the circumstances of the army 
and love for their country shall incline them to continue longer in the 
service, and it is hoped they may be released much earlier. Sufficient 
provision will be made for their subsistance on their march, and they 
may be much and generally sheltered in houses &c. in the Jersies. 
And may the God of armies inspire the good people with zeal and 
resolution on this most interesting and hopefuU occasion. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That the field officers of the voluntiers 
now proposed to be raised for the relief of General Washington's 
army shall be appointed out of the officers to be chosen by said com- 
panies of voluntiers, and also a brigadier will be appointed by this 
Assembly if a sufUcient number to form a brigade shall appear; and 
in the mean time Messrs. Jesse Root, John Canfield, Tapping Reaves, 
Lynd Lord, Hezebiah Sabin jun'', Mark Leavenworth of New Haven, 
John Davenport, Thaddeus Burr, Daniel Everit jun% John Lewiss, 
■OliverElsworth, Maj'Nathaniel Brown, Capt.DavidLandon of Guilford, 
Capt. Nathan Hecox, Justus Buck Esq', Mr. Eliakini Hall jun'', Capt. 
Thomas Porter, Mr. Cyprian Collins, Colo. Seth Smith, Capt. Dan 
Towner, Mr. Dudley Pettibone and Mr. Ezra Starr, are appointed a 
committee severally to carry out into the several parts of this State 
west of the river the resolve now past respecting them and endeavour 
to rouse and animate the people to rise and exert themselves with the 
greatest expedition, and to cherish and propagate the spirit of zeal 
and ardor that appears to be rising on the present interesting occasion, 
and to set on foot and promote with all expedition such undertaking 
and inlistment in the various parts. And all friends of their country 
are earnestly exhorted to lend every aid in their power to said commit- 
tee or any of them to promote this great and good design. And said 
committee are to make report of what they find and do in as short a 
time as possible to this Assembly in their present session. 

We the subscribers have and do voluntarily engage and undertake 
-to march as soon as possible for the relief and succour of the contin- 



Hosted by 



Google 



110 



PUBLIC BECOEDS 



[December, 



ental army under the command of General Washington and under such 
officers as shall be chosen by the company to which we ahall belong, 
and are not to be holden in said service more than two months unless 
the same ardor and love of our country which prompts our undertak- 
iug shall incline us to continue longer, and to be under the encourage- 
ment given by the General Assembly at Midletown in December 1776. 
Witness our hands the day of A.D. 1776. 

In the Upper Some : The above form of inlistment &g. is approved. 
Test. George Wtllts, Se<f'. 

Concurred in the Lower House. 

Attest, Benja. Hontington, Clerk. 

This Assembly appoint Colo. Noadiah Hooker and Mr. Stephen 
Mix Mitchell and Mr. Elijah Hubbard jun', said Hubbard instead of 
Maj' Nath' Brown resigned, to be of the committee to forward the 
raising of volunteers to go to the assistance of the continental army 
pursuant to an act passed in the present session of the Assembly. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That Jesse Root, Esq', be appointed 
and he is hereby impowered and directed to apply for and draw the 
forty shillings to each non-commission officer and soldier to be 
advanced to the volunteers now ordered hy this Assembly to be 
raised who shall inlist in any of said companies and march therewith, 
and the same to pay out for the purposes for which the same was 

f ranted and ordered, and render his account. And the Committee of 
ay-Table are hereby directed to draw on the Treasurer for such sums 
as shall be necessary for the purpose aforesaid. And the officers of 
said companies of volunteers are hereby directed to procure proper 
carriages for transporting of the baggage of their respective companies. 
And it is further resolved. That his Honor the Governor be and 
he is hereby desired to take proper measures and give orders that 
said companies may be supplied not only with provision and hospital 
stores, but with tents and camp equipage. 

An Act for eatabllshingr a Loan Office In this State. 
Whereas the exigences of this State and the public require a con- 
siderable supply of the treasury for paying the additional bounty to 
oar quota of the continental troops raised and raising in this State 
and for other important purposes for which it is apprehended adequate 
provision is not otherwise made. 

Therefore he it enacted and resolved by the Governor, Council and 
Representatives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of 
the same. That the Treasurer of this State be and he is hereby author- 
ized and directed in the name and on account of the credit of this 
State and for their use, to borrow and receive of any person or persona 
belonging to this State a sum of money or bills of credit emitted fay 
order of the Continental Congress or this Assembly to the amount 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. Ill 

and not exceeding eighty thousand pounds ; and said Treasurer is not 
to receive any sum in less quantity than ten pounds and to execute 
and deliver his promissory note and notes therefor payable at or 
before the end of three years from the date with an annual interest at 
the rate of four per centum per annum, according to the form and 
tenor hereafter in this act directed. And it shall be the duty of the 
possessor or receiver of such notes to exhibit the same to the Commit- 
tee of the Pay-Table that the same may be properly registered ; and 
the said committee are directed to take an account and register of 
the date of such note, the sum and name of the promisee therein 
mentioned ; and said committee or either of them shall endorse and 
sign the same as having been exhibited and duly registered, which 
endorsement shall authenticate such note and entitule the possessor 
or bearer to the sum therein promised and in manner as aforesaid. 
And the sum and amount of said notes so registered shall be annually 
exhibited to the auditors of the public accounts or according to the 
orders of this Assembly, and be entered to the debit of said Treasurer 
and be by him accounted for. 

_ And it {g further resolved, That the form and tenor of such notes, 
being numbered in order and expressing the place and date, the sum 
and person of whom received being filled up in the proper place, shall 
be as follows, viz : 

Ifo. State of Connecticut, ss. S A. D. 177 . 

The bearer hereof shall he entituled to receive out of the treasury of 
this State the sum of lawfvU money, or bills of credit emitted 

by order of the Continental Congress or the General Assembly of this 
State, at or before the end of three years from the date, with interest at 
the rate of four per centum per annum to he paid annually if de- 
manded, having received said principal sum of A. B. for the use of 
said State. Witness my hand. 

And it is further resolved and directed, That said notes shall be 
written or printed on the leaves of a book properly bound and be 
thence cut out dentwise, the number of each note being first made 
and entered on the counterpart or opposite indenture from which the 
same shall be cut out as aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted and resolved by the authority aforesaid. 
That if any person or persons shall forge, alter or counterfeit any of 
said Treasurer's notes, or shall be aiding or assisting therein, or shall 
utter, negociate or put off any such note knowing the same to be so 
altered, forged or counterfeited, and be thereof convicted before the 
superior court, such convict shall suffer the same paina, penalties and 
forfeitures as by law is provided against forging, altering or counter- 
feiting any of the bills of credit emitted by order of this Assembly. 

And he it further resolved. That the Treasurer of this State shall 
pay out the sum or sums he shall borrow and receive as aforesaid 
according to law and the orders of this Assembly. 

And whereas this Assembly are not disposed to make use of the 



Hosted by 



Google 



112 PUBLIC RECORDa [necember, 

expedient and provision of this bill to supply the treasury but in case, 
of necessity; and whereas this Assembly have made provision for im- 
proving moneys received and expected to be received by the Conti- 
nental Loan Officer in this State, and have also made other provision 
for obtaining moneys for the uses aforesaid, 

Therefore he it farther resolved, That the said Treasurer be and 
he is directed not to open a loan office nor receive any moneys as 
directed by this act untill he shall receive further orders therefor 
from this Assembly or in their recess from his Honor the Governor 
and the Council of Safety. And the said Governor and Council of 
Safety are hereby authorized, desired and directed, carefully to en- 
quire into and from time to time find the state of said treasury and 
the demands upon the same and the supplys which are and can be 
seasonably had to satisfy the said demands agreeable to any provisions 
otherwise made by this Assembly ; and in case the safety and neces- 
sities of the public cannot by any other means as aforesaid be provided 
for, to give orders to said treasury to open such loan office and borrow 
and receive as speedily as may be the said sum of eighty thousand 
pounds or such part thereof only as the exigencies of this State and 
the public shall require, above what can be otherwise supplied in any 
of the ways as aforesaid. And said Treasurer is hereby directed 
forthwith to obey and comply with the orders and directions he may 
at any time receive as aforesaid. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Root to be Captain of a company 
of voluntiers raised in the town of Hartford in pursuance of an act of 
this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish William Bull to be Lieutenant of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Hartford in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Barnabas Hinsdale to be Ensign of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Hartford in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Ambrose Sloper to be Captain of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Farmington in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Elihu Moss to be Lieutenant of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Parmington in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Clark to be Ensign of a company 
of voluntiers raised in the town of Farmington in pursuance of an act 
of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Goodwin to be Captain of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Litchfield in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Alexander Waugh to be Lieutenant of 
a company of voluntiers raised in the town of Litchfield in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 113 

This Assembly do establish Ozias Goodwin to be Ensign of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Litchfield in pursuance of an 
act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Allen to be Captain of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Farmington in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Hart to be Lieutenant of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Farmington in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Williams to be Ensign of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Farmington in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Wells to be Captain of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Weathersfield in pursu- 
ance of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Belden to be Lieutenant of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Weathersfield in pursu- 
ance of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Chester Wells to be Ensign of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Weathersfield in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Noadiah Hooker to be Captain of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Farmington in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Ichabod Norton to be Lieutenant of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Farmington in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Porter to be Ensign of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Farmington in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Hezebiah Sabin jun' to be Captain of 
a company of voluntiers raised in the town of New Haven in pursu- 
ance of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish James Hillhouse to be Lieutenant of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of New Haven in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Beers jun' to be Ensign of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of New Haven in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in its present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Trumbull to be Captain of 
a company of voluntiers raised in the town of New Haven in pursu- 
ance of an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Gilbert to be First Lieutenant of 
a company of voluntiers raised in the town of New Haven in pursu- 
ance of an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Joel Bradley to be Second Lieutenant 
of a company of voluntiers raised in the town of New Haven in pursu- 
ance of an act of this State in their present sessions. 
Vol. XVI.— 8 



Hosted by 



Google 



114 PUBLIC EGCOKDS [December, 

This Assembly do establish Jared Hill to be Ensign of a company 
of volmitiers raised in the town o£ New Haven in pursuance of an act 
of this State in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Yeats to bo Captain of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Stratford in pursuance of an 
act of this State in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish James Blackraan to be Lieutenant of 
a company of voluntiers raised in the town of Stratford in pursuance 
of an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Judson to be Ensign of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Stratford in pursuance of an 
act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish William Clark to be Captain of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Darby in pursuance of an act 
of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Edward Howd to be Lieutenant of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Derby in pursuance of an 
act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Pritchard to be Ensign of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Derby in pursuance of an 
act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Eells to be Captain of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Branford in pursuance of an 
act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Baldwin to be First Lieutenant 
of a company of voluntiers raised in the town of Branford in pursu- 
ance of an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Bunnell to be Second Lieuten- 
ant of a company of voluntiers raised in the town of Branford in pur- 
suance of an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Brownson to be Captain of 
a company of voluntiers raised in the towns of New Milford, Newtown 
and Danbury in pursuance of an act of this Assembly in their present 
sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Shadrach Hubbell to be Lieutenant of 
a company of voluntiers raised in the towns of New Milford, Newtown 
and Danbury in pursuance of an act of this Assembly in their present 



This Assembly do establish Benjamin Seeley to be Ensign of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the towns of New Milford, Newtown 
and Danbury in pursuance of an act of this Assembly in their present 



This Assembly do establish Medad Hills to be Captain of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the towns of Goshen, Torrington and 
Winchester in pursuance of an act of this Assembly in their present 
sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Stanly to be Lieutenant of a 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 115 

company of voluntiers raised in the towns of Goshen, Torrington and 
Winchester in pursuance of an act of this Assembly in their present 
sessions. 

This Assembly do establish John Doud to be Ensign of a company 
of voluntiers raised in the towns of Goshen, Torrington and Winches- 
ter in pursuance of an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish William Boland to be Captain of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Sharon in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah frisbee to be Lieutenant of 
a company of voluntiers raised in the town of Sharon in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Azariah Griswold to be Ensign of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Sharon in pursuance of an 
act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish David Bebee to be Captain of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Salisbury in pursuance of an 
act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Roger Moore to be Lieutenant of a 
company of voluntiers raised in the town of Salisbury in pursuance of 
an act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Dorcy to be Ensign of a com- 
pany of voluntiers raised in the town of Salisbury in pursuance of an 
act of this Assembly in their present sessions. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the several companies of volun- 
tiers which have been raised or are raising by virtue of a recommenda- 
tion and encouragement given by this Assembly in their present ses- 
sions for the succour and relief of the continental army under the 
command of his Excellency General Washington be and they are 
hereby made and constituted a distinct regiment or battalion in and 
for the service aforesaid according to the tenor and term of their 
inlistment and to be under the immediate command of one colonel, 
one lieutenant colonel and one major, to be appointed by this Assem- 
bly. And this Assembly do appoint Noadiah Hooker, Esq', to be 
Colonel, Jesse Root, Esq', to be Lieutenant Colonel and Medad Hills, 
Esq', to be Major of said regiment. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Jeremiah Wadsworth, Esq', be ^ 
and he is hereby appointed a Commissary of Supplies, to receive and / 
deliver over for the use of the troops or militia raised or to be raised 
in this State all such articles of cloathing, refreshments and other 
necessaries that shall be purchased and delivered to him from time to 
time by order of this Assembly at such place or places as shall be 
thought most convenient for the supply of such troops agreeable to a 
resolution of this Assembly passed in October last, for which articles, 
goods and refreshments he shall render his reasonable accotmt and 



Hosted by 



Google 



116 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

give bond to the Governor and Company of this State for the faithfull 
discharge of his trust and that he will render his said account to them 
when required, and of all such sums of money aa he may receive from 
the public treasury for the purpose of executing said trust, which bond 
shall be taken by and lodged with the Committee of the Pay-Table, 
who are directed to draw orders upon the Treasurer for the purposes 
aforesaid and call upon and settle said account with said commissary ; 
and in case of death or refusal of such commissary the Governor and 
Council of Safety shall supply the same by appointing another person 
to such office. 

And it i» further resolved, That Mr, Chauncey Whittelsey of 
Middletown, Colo. Jonathan Fitch, Mr. Andrew Huntington, Mr. David 
Webb of Stamford, Docf Joshua Elderkin and Mr. Abel Hine, be and 
they are hereby appointed to procure and purchase for the use of this 
State all such articles of refreshment and cloathing within this State 
for the purpose aforesaid as they or either of them shall be directed 
to do by his Honor the Governor and Council of Safety, who are 
hereby impowered to give order accordingly and to transport the same 
to the said commissary of supplies or his order from time to time and 
to such places as the Governor and Council shall direct for the best 
accommodation of said troops, and as they may happen to be particu- 
larly stationed or circumstanced ; which said last mentioned persons 
appointed to procure and purchase as aforesaid shall give bond, 
receive orders and be accountable as aforesaid ; and his Honor the 
Governor and Council of Safety are also impowered to appoint, if they 
judge it absolutely necessary and expedient for the ease and comfort 
of said troops, issuing commissaries to each regiment or battalion of 
said troops and to enjoin upon them such rules and obligations and 
give them such orders and directions aa they may think most consist- 
ent with the interest of this State and the heat good of the service. 

And it is further resolved. That the pay and rations of said com- 
missary of supplies shall be the same as a captain in continental 



Resolved by this AsBemUy, That for the defence and protection of 
the sea coasts of this State there be forthwith raised by voluntary 
inlistment to serve for the terra of one year from and after the first 
day of January next unless sooner discharged the several companys 
and parties of troops and forces, and to be kept and stationed aa fol- 
low, viz : One company to consist of seventy men including for officers 
one captain, one lieutenant and one ensign, three Serjeants, three 
corporals, one drummer and one fifer; and also one company to consist 
of fifty men including for officers one first lieutenant, one second lieu- 
tenant and one lieutenant fire-worker, two aerjeants and two corpor- 
als, which said last company are to do the duty and service of artil- 
lery men or matrosses so much and so far as may be necessary in 
their station and as the circumstances of the case may be, and when 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 117 

not incompatible with that service to do such other duty of soldiers as 
shall be reasonably required of them by their officers or the commander 
on the station ; the two above companies to be stationed at New Lon- 
don. That there be also raised as aforesaid two other companys of 
the same number of officers and men of the same denominations and 
for the same purposes as the two above companys, and to be stationed 
and do duty as aforesaid at Groton. That there be also raised as 
aforesaid one company of thirty men including officers, one captain, 
one lieutenant and two Serjeants, to be stationed at the fort at Ston- 
ington. That there be also raised as aforesaid one company of fifty 
men including one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, and one 
lieutenant fire-worker, two Serjeants and two corporals, to do the duty 
of artillery men or matrosses and such other dutys as shall be required 
of them as aforesaid, and said company to be stationed at New Haven. 

And it is also resolved, That the cannon now at the fort or battery 
at a place called Black Rock in said New Haven be removed into said 
town and properly placed for the defence of the same. That there be 
also raised as aforesaid fifteen men under tlie command of one ensign 
and one Serjeant to be stationed at Lyme, as was ordered the last year. 
That there be also raised as aforesaid twenty men to be stationed at 
Saybrook for the assistance of the inhabitants thereof according to an 
act of this Assembly in May last, under the command of one lieuten- 
ant and one serjeant. That there be also raised as aforesaid twenty 
men under the command of a lieutenant and one serjeant, to be sta- 
tioned at Milford, That there be also raised as aforesaid fifteen men 
under the command of one ensign and one serjeant, to be stationed at 
Stratford. That there be also raised as aforesaid twenty men under 
the command of a lieutenant and one serjeant, to be stationed at 
Fairfield. 

And it is also resolved, That all the companys ordered by this act 
to be raised and stationed at New London, Groton and Stoningtown, 
shall be under the command of a major to be appointed for that pur- 
pose. And as an encouragement for able bodied and effective men 
freely to engage in said service for the term and at either of the 
places aforementioned, 

It is resolved and ordered, That the oflScers and soldiers shall be 
entituled to and have and receive the following pay, wages and 
allowances, viz : A major ten pounds, a captain eight pounds, a lieu- 
tenant i£5.8.0, Ensign four pounds, serjeant ^2.8.0,^corporal ^62.4.0, 
drummer and fifer £2.4.0, private £2.0.0 per calendar month. And 
as a further encouragement, each non-commission oificer and soldier 
who shall furnish and provide himself a good and sufficient blanket 
shall have as a reward twelve shillings and retain the blanket at the 
end of the sei'vice, and such non -commission officer and soldier who 
shall provide himself a good fire-arm and bayonet, cartouch-bos and 
accoutrements, to the acceptance of his chief officer, shall receive as a 
premium the sum of ten shillings and also six pence per diem for bil- 



Hosted by 



Google 



118 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

leting money from their inlisting untill they ahall be supplyed by the 
public, and shall receive one month advanced pay on their inlisting. 
And said officers are carefully and diligently to attend the dutys o£ 
their respective offices and places in their several places and posts, for 
the best good, protection and safety of the respective towns and places 
where they are stationed, and shall be liable to be removed or collected 
on special emergencies for the relief of any place on the sea coasts of 
this State attacked or in danger of being attacked, by order of this 
Assembly or in their recess of the Governor and Council of Safety. 

And whereas the operations of our enemies and the appearances 
of things may render it necessary that other or further regulations or 
provisions he made for the defence and security of any of the sea 
coasts or any of the places aforesaid, 

It is therefore resolved, That in the recess of the General Assem- 
bly his Honor the Governor with the Council of Safety may and they 
are authorized to make other or further regulations or provisions as 
from the state and circumstances of the case shall appear to them ex- 
pedient and necessary for the safety and defence of any of the coasts 
or places aforesaid. 

And he it further enacted and resolved, That the militia of the 
towns of New Haven and New London hold themselves equipped and 
in constant readiness for the defence of their respective towns and be 
liable to be removed and called out as the necessity of the case may 
require for the defence of any other place, as other militia by law are ; 
any resolve or order of this Assembly to the contrary notwithstanding. 

We, your Honors committee appointed to nominate and arrange 
the officers for the companys ordered by this Assembly to be raised 
and stationed on the sea coasts of this State and lay the same 
before this Assembly for approbation and establishment, beg leave to 
report it as our opinion, tiiat Jonathan Wells, Esq"', of Hartford, be 
appointed a Major to command at New London, Groton and 
Stonington. 

Adam Shapley Captain, 1 r . i. c . c ,. 

Ithamar Harvey Lieutenant, ! °' ^' »™' company of musquet men, 
Abner Wood Emign, ) New London. 

Oliver Coit Captain, 1 j- .i_ nj c 

William Latham Lieutenant, f "^ *« f^ company of musquet men at 
Samuel Smith Ensign, ) ^^''^'^■ 

Nathan Palmer Captain, ) of the third company of musquet men and 
John Belcher Lieutenant, \ to be stationed at Stonington. 
William Ledyard Captain '^ 

Nathaniel Coit jun' First Lieutenant, [, Artillery company and to 

Jonathan Leeds Second Lieutenant, ( be stationed at Groton. 

Achas Sheffield Lieutenant Fire- Worker, j 
Nathaniel Saltonstall Captain, ^ 

Martin Kirtland First Lieutenant, [Artillery company &c. to he 

Daniel Starr Second Lieutenant, [ stationed at N. London. 

Daniel Dee Lieutenant Fire- Worker, J 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 119 

John GriBwoId Ensign, to command at Lyme. 

Lee Lay Lieutenant, and to command at Saybrook. 

Joseph Thomson Captain. 

Samuel Willmott Firat Lieutenant. 

Phineas Bradley j' Second Lieutenant 

Daniel Bishop Lieutenant Fire-Worker, 

John Prudden jun% to command at Milford. 

Samuel Uffoot jun' Ensign, to command at Stratford, 

George Burr Lieutenant, to command at Fairfield. 

All which is submitted by your Honors humble servants, 

Signed per order Jabez Huntington. 
In the Lower House : The foregoing report is accepted and 
§,pproved <fec. 

Attest, Benja. Huntington, Clerk. 
Concurr'* in the Upper House. Test. George Wyllys >See"'. 

Whereas it is of great importance that the fortifications at New- 
London, Groton and Stonington should be complcated and sufficiently 
garrisoned for the defence of this State,* 

It is thereupon resolved by this Assembly, That one entire regiment 
or battalion including two companies of matrosses shall be forthwith 
raised by voluntary inlistment and fully officered, to be stationed at 
the several places aforesaid or at such other places within this State 
aa the Governor and Council of Safety shall direct in case of emer- 
gency, for the term of one year from the first day of February, 1777, 
unless sooner discharged. And that each commission and non-com- 
mission officer and soldier shall have and receive the same wages, pay 
and allowances that the regiment stationed at the places aforesaid in 
the current year had and did receive, that is to say: a colonel ^15 
per calendar month, a lieutenant colonel .£12. 0. 0, major &10. 0. 0, a 
captain ^8.0,0, lieutenant £5. 8. 0, ensign M. 0. 0, Serjeant £2, 8, 0, 
corporal, drummer and fifer, each X2. 4. 0, and private soldier £,2. 0. 
per calendar month. And each able-bodied effective non-commission 
officer and soldier engaging in said service shall have and receive as a 
premium and encouragement the sum of twenty shillings and a further 
premium of twenty-two shillings for finding and providing a good 
sufficient fire-arm and accoutrements and a good blanket and knap- 
sack to the acceptance of his captain, and in proportion for such arti- 
cles thereof aa he shall find ; and the blanket to be his own property; 
and shall all be entituled to receive one months advance pay on 
their engaging in said service; and they shall be subjected to the 
same rules, regulations and mode of discipline that the battalions 
raised for continental service are liable to. 

And it ig further resolved. That his Honor the Governor and 
Council of Safety are desired and impowered to give orders for the 
immediate raising of aaid battalion, including aaid two companies of 
matrosses, as to them shall appear most conducive for the best good 



y Google 



120 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

and security of this State, and that they do also appoint all the neces- 
sary and proper officers for said battalion and matroes companies, and 
direct and order them from time to time as they shall judge proper 
and expedient, and state the pay and wages of such matross officers 
as are not particularly stated in this bill. 

And whereas this Assembly at their present sessions resolved and 
ordered that several companies should be raised for the defence and 
to be stationed at the several places aforesaid, which appears to be 
inadequate and not sufficient to answer the ends designed thereby, 

It is therefore resolved, That the aforesaid resolves, so far as the 
same have relation to the raising or stationing the companies therein 
mentioned at the places aforesaid, be and the same are hereby repealed 
and made void ; anything therein contained notwithstanding. 

Resolved by thi^ As^emhly, That one regiment, to consist of the 
same number as the continental regiments, be forthwith raised in and 
kept for the defence of this State, to continue during the continuance 
of the present war, to be regulated, officered and appointed as shall 
be further agreed and detcMnined by this Assembly ; and that Colo. 
Ely be ordered to march his regiment immediately to New London, 
there to continue till further orders ; and that in the meantime orders 
be issued to raise and draft without delay one fourth part of the mili- 
tia of the third, eighth, twelfth, twentietti and twenty-fii'st regiments 
of this State, to be marched and placed at or about New London for 
the defence and safety of this State untill such regiment can be 
raised or other proper measures taken for our defence, and not to be 
holden more than two months. 

Whereas a large body of troops of the British army defended by a 
strong fleet have taken possession of the island of Rhode Island and 
threaten an invasion of some of the adjoining States of New England; 
and whereas the State of Massachusetts Bay and the State of Rhode 
Island have proposed that committees from the States of New England 
meet at Providence in the State of Rhode Island as soon as may be to 
consult for their immediate defence and safety; and whereas from 
the operations of war in New York and New Jersey a free communicar 
tion with the Congress is in some measure interrupted and the General 
and array of the United States are employed in their defence against 
the common enemy, 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That Eliphalet Dyer, Richard Law, 
Nathaniel Wales jun' and Titus Hosmer, Esquires, be and they are 
appointed a committee on behalf of this State to meet the committees 
of the other States of New England at Providence in the State of 
Rhode Island, or at any other place where they may convene, on the 
28d day of December instant, or as soon as may be, and consult with 
them of the expediency of raising and, appointing an army for the 
more immediate defence of the New England [States] against the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 121 

threatned invasion as well as for the more general defence in the 
common cause, and of such regulations as may be necessary to sup- 
port the credit of our currencies, to present oppressing the soldiers 
and inhabitants by extravagant prices, and in general of every measure 
to expedite the raising and appointing an army, or necessary for com- 
mon defence, and to make report to this Assembly, or in the recess 
thereof to his Honor the Governor and Council of Safety, of whatever 
they may judge (it to be done, for approbation, and that suitable meas- 
ures may be pursued thereon, untill the whole subject matter be laid 
before the Hon"'' Congress of the United States of America, measures 
taken and directions given by them thereon. 

Whereas the sick and impotent soldiers of other States as they 
pass and repass through this State while in the service of the United 
States do often stand in need of support and relief, 

Resolved by this Amembly, That the selectmen of the several 
towns shall and they are herehy ordered to afford proper and neces- 
sary support and relief to such sick and infirm soldier or soldiers 
belonging to any other State aa may be passing or repassing through 
this State in the service of the United States and not able to provide 
for themselves, and exhibit an account of the expence that hath or 
shall accrue therein to the Committee of the Pay-Table, which for 
the future shall be acknowledged by such soldier or soldiers under his 
or their hand, also signifying to what State he or they belong and 
what regiment and company he or they are of within such State : pro- 
vided he or they are capable of giving such information and subscrib- 
ing such acknowledgment. And the Committee of Pay-Table are 
thereupon desired to adjust said account of expence and give order 
for the payment thereof upon the Treasurer and charge the same to 
the State to which said sick and unable soldier belongs or to the 
United States of America, in order that it may be repaid. 

An Act in Alteration of ttie Pare of Parkers Perry over Mystlck Elver. 
Be it enacted hy the Governor, Council and Rp.preaentatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That for 
the future the fare over Parkers Ferry shall be as follows, viz : For 
man, horse and load, three pence ; for a foot man, one penny half- 
penny ; led horse one penny half-penny ; ox or other neat kine two 
pence half penny ; any law, usage or custom to the contrary notwith- 
standing. 

Whereas several regiments of militia in this State by order of this 
Assembly in October last marched to Stamford, Greenwich &c. and 
put themselves under the command of Maj' General Wooster, and 
have faithfully served in defence of their country in a tedious and ex- 
pensive season, some of whom have probably sustained cost occasioned 
by sickness on the road returning home &c. 



Hosted by 



Google 



122 PUBLIC BECORDS [December, 

Therefore resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee of Pay- 
Table be authorized and directed to adjust and allow all such reason- 
able sums for such cost of sickness on the road according to resolve 
of this Assembly in October last in favour of the militia and new levies; 
and all the non-com mi asioned officers and soldiers who marched in 
obedience to said orders and shall produce a proper discharge or that 
were permitted to return on furlow or by reason of sickness, shall be 
allowed twenty shillings each for their extraordinary espences, and 
the heirs and representatives of such as dyed in said service be enti- 
tuled to the twenty shillings premium as well as such who were dis- 
charged over and above the wages and mileage allowed by the Hon'"" 
Continental Congress, and that the commanding officers of the regi- 
ments aforesaid return the names of such persons in their respective 
regiments as are returned deserters from said service to the Commits 
tee of Pay-Table, to enable them to execute the trust reposed in them. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the stores of medicine &c. now 
deposited in Stamford under the care of Dr. Philip Turner be removed 
in whole or in part to the town of Danbury at the said doctor's dis- 
cretion with the best advice he can obtain both as to the time and 
manner of such removal, and that the sum of ^500.0.0 be advanced 
out of the public treasury to the said Docf Turner, by him to be 
improved in his present department as he shall find occasion, being 
accountable therefor; and the Committee of the Pay-Table arc hereby 
authorized and directed to draw an order in his favour accordingly. 

Whereas by a resolve of this Assembly heretofore made, the 
Treasurer has been directed to receive continental bills in lieu of the 
bills emitted by this State ordered to be collected by a tax granted 
for the purpose of a sinking fund, which said continental bills will not 
fully answer the purposes of a sinking fund : Eesolved by this Assem- 
bly, That the Treasurer shall issue and pay out said continental bills 
received as aforesaid in payment of such orders as shall be duly drawn 
upon him by order of this Assembly, and that the Treasurer shall 
from time to time issue his own promissory notes at 4 per cent, inter- 
est for the redemption of the bills emitted by this Assembly in April 
1775, as the same become redeemable, unless he shall have sufficient 
sum in his hands of silver and gold for the purpose of redeeming said 
bills according to the form and further directions that shall be given 
by this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Astemhly, That the Secretary do forthwith make 
out an attested copy of an act passed during the sessions of this 
> Assembly, respecting taverners and for stating the price of victuals, 
refreshments, <fec. in order that the same may be printed. 

Whereas it is stipulated and recommended by the committee of 
the New England States that this State furnish and send as its quota 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 12S 

of the army proposed for the defence of Providence &c. against the 
British forces now in possession of Newport the number of 1092 
troops: Wherefore, in order to supply said quota, 

jtesolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor by the 
advice of his Committee of Safety be impowered and directed to send for- 
ward Colo. Ely's battallion and make up the remainder or any deficiency 
that may happen of said number so agreed to be sent as aforesaid in 
such manner and out of such troops as they shall think best and in 
the speediest way to effect the same. 

The report of Messrs, Eliphalet Dyer, Richard Law, Nathaniel 
Wales, j' and Titus Hosmer, Esq", a committee appointed by this 
Assembly at their present sessions to meet the committees of the rest 
of the States of New England at Providence in the State of Rhode 
Island, to confer with them on the expediency of raising and appoint- 
ing an army for the more immediate defence of the New England 
States &c. as well as for the more general defence in the common cause 
and of such regulations as may be necessary to support the credit of 
our currency, &g., which report under the hands of said committee 
dated the fourth of January, 1777, and exhibited to this Assembly, is 
accepted and approved accordingly. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor be and 
he is hereby directed to write to the Hon''° Continental Congress lay- 
ing before them the reason, occasion and necessity of the meeting of 
the several committees from the New England States at Providence 
in the State of Rhode Island, together with a copy of the proceedings 
of said committees. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That an Embargo be and the same is 
hereby laid on all privateers and on all shipping whatever except con- 
tinental vessella and armed vessells belonging tqthe respective States 
on permission being first had and obtained from his Honor the Gov- 
ernor and his Committee of Safety to depart. 

And provided also, and it is hereby resolved, That his Honor the 
Governor with the advice of his said committee may at any time per- 
mit such vessels to sail as they may judge necessary to import such 
medicines and other necessaries as they may think wanted for the 
good of the State. 

Said embargo to continue till the rising of this Assembly in May 
next. Provided nevertheless, that his Honor the Governor with the 
advice of his said committee may suspend the same within said time 
if found requisite. And the Governor is desired to issue a proclama- 
tion accordingly. 

Whereas the articles of tanned leather and shoes are become 
scarce and greatly wanted by the inhabitants of this State, 



Hosted by. 



Google 



124 pobl:c becobds [December, 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That an Embargo be and the same is 
hereby laid upon the exportation of tanned leather and shoes, either 
by land or water, out of this State untill the rising of this Assembly 
in May next, under the regulations, pains and penalties contained in 
an act of this Assembly made and passed in November last, entituled 
An act to enable the Governor to lay an embargo and for rendering 
the same when laid effectual. And his Honor the Governor is desired 
to issue his proclamation accordingly. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the field officers of the four bat- 
talions lately ordered to be raised for the continental service immedi- 
ately and without delay apply themselves to the business of raising 
their respective battalions, that they take especial care to see that all 
the inliating officers under them are properly encouraged and stimu- 
lated to proceed in said business, and that as soon as the number of 
twenty in a company, as mentioned in said act, are raised, to order 
them to march and rendezvous at Horse Neck and give intelligence 
thereof to the commanding officer in that quarter and wait his further 
orders and proceed accordingly. And that a copy of this resolve be 
immediately sent to each field officer in the said four battalions. 

Whereas this Assembly by a resolve at their sessions in Jnne last 
required the selectmen of the several towns in this State to collect the 
lead in their respective towns for the use of this State and return an 
account of the same to the Committee of Pay-Table, and as the said 
selectmen have in many instances neglected their duty in the premises, 
and as it is necessary for the safety of this State that every prepara- 
tion for defence be speedily made. 

Therefore, be it enacted by the Governor, Oounail and Representor 
tives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. 
That the selectmen in the several towns in this State shall forthwith 
collect the lead in their respective towns according to said resolve and 
procure the same to be cast into bullets of suitable and various sizes, 
and those who have already collected the lead in their towns accord- 
ing to said resolve shall cause the same to be cast into bullets as 
aforesaid and return an account of the cost and charge thereof with 
the weight of the same to the Committee of Pay-Table, which commit- 
tee are directed to give proper orders upon the Treasurer for payment 
of the same. And if the selectmen of any town shall neglect or 
refuse to collect the lead in their respective towns, cast the same into 
bullets as aforesaid, and render their accoimt thereof to the said 
Committee of Pay-Table by the first day of March next, such select- 
men for such neglect or refusal shall forfeit and incur a penalty of 
five pounds, and also a further penalty of twenty shillings for each 
and every week after the said first day of March in which they shall 
so neglect or refuse to comply with their duty required by the resolve 
aforesaid and by this act, to the Treasurer of this State, to be recov- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 125 

ered by action, bill, plaint, or infoi'ination, in any court proper to hear 
and determine the same. And the selectmen in the several towns in 
this State are hereby required and directed forthwith to apply to his 
Honor the Governor for proper orders on the powder makers or others 
for such quantitys of gun-powder as will be sufficient to compleat 
their town stores according to law, and see the same properly placed 
in their respective towns for public use. 

Whereas this Assembly at their sessions in June last resolved that 
the committee appointed to procure arms for this State should dis- 
tribute them to the several towns in proportion to their list, and it 
being represented to this Assembly that said resolve has not been 
fully carried into execution : Therefore, it is resolved, that said com- 
mittee lay before this Assembly in May next an account how far and 
in what manner said resolve has been complyed with, and also an 
account of the number of fire-arms by them then procured and where 
they are, that they may be disposed of and used as the exigencies of 
the State may requirei 

Resolved by this Assembly,- That the Committee of the Pay-Table 
do as soon as may be call upon all such officers as received monies 
out of the treasury of this State for the purpose of raising the troops 
called the New Levies ordered to be raised by this Assembly in May 
and June last, and see that they render their account thereof. And 
such officers are directed forthwith upon notice had to apply to said 
committee and settle their several accounts accordingly ; and the said 
Committee of Pay-Table are to make report in the premises to the 
next session of this Assembly. 

Whereas it is represented that the prisoners of this and other 
American States who have unhappily fallen into hands of the enemy 
in the last campaign have been treated with great severity and have 
suffered extreme hardship and distress by hunger, cold and naked- 
ness, and many thereby reduced to sickness, and the sick crowded in 
heaps, neglected and left to dye for want of medicine or any reasona- 
ble care: in order therefore to obtain the truth and certainty of facts 
relating thereto, 

It is resolved by this Assembly, That the present members thereof 
immediately on their return call upon such honest and intelligent offi- 
cers and persons within any of their towns as they may think neces- 
sary, who may have returned from such imprisonment, and carefully 
and cautiously examine them concerning the treatment said prisoners 
had and met with and their sufferings and deaths during such impris- 
onment, and take their account and narrative thereof in writing and 
cause the same to be properly attested and sworn to, and the same 
transmit as soon as possible to his Honor the Governor, that such use 
may be made thereof as may appear reasonable and proper and tend-- 
ing to prevent the like injustice and cruelty in future. 



Hosted by 



Google 



126 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

And it ie further resolved, That the committee and commissary 
appointed by this Assembly to take care of and provide for prisoners 
taken from the enemy and sent into this State be and they are hereby 
directed to state a just account of the numbers of such prisoners under 
their care as near as may [be,] how and in what manner they were 
kept, treated, provided for and supported, and also of the conduct and 
behaviour of such prisoners, and the same attest and certify under 
oath before lawfull authority, and if they shall find proper and need- 
full, in order to ascertain any of the matters or facts as aforesaid, to 
call upon and take the testimony of any creditable person or persons 
acquainted with anything material in the premises and cause the same 
to be attested and certifyed as aforesaid, and the whole transmit as 
soon as may be to his Honor the Governor to the end and for purpose 
as aforesaid. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Capt. Eliabim Hall and Docf 
Amos Mead be a committee in the name and behalf of this Assembly 
to repair immediately to the posts where the troops of this State are 
stationed east of Hudsons River or to the most important of them, 
and to exert their utmost influence to induce the officers and soldiers 
whose term is nearly expired to continue in the service for the defence 
of those posts a little longer and untill their places can be supplyed,to 
let them know the measures pursuing by this Assembly for that pur- 
pose by raising four battalions and the progress made therein and 
by encouraging other volunteers, and the great probability there is 
that their places may be very speedily filled, to set before them the 
very dangerous consequences of leaving those posts exposed to the 
ravages of a watchfuU enemy, and to assure them also that this 
Assembly will make them a reasonable allowance for such continuance 
over and above their present wages, and in general by all lawfull 
means in their power excite and engage them not to quit the service 
of their country in this critical moment, nor leave the important 
stores and magazines prepared for future operations exposed to be' 
seized and plundered, which would be an irreparable loss and much 
retard if not utterly defeat our future operations; and also as it may 
fall in their way call upon any officer of the said four battalions and 
charge them in the name of this Assembly to hasten the raising their 
men and forthwith to march to their proper stations ; and of what 
they shall do in the premises to make report in duo and proper 



*The foUowmg is their report, oniittiag the preliminary punigraijli: — 
Tliat ia pursuance of your Honors' dErections, on the aiil of iiistMnt L>ecember 
we set out and with all possible diligence pursued our journey towards the army; 
and on our wa; we call'd ou all the oDlcers of the 4 batDalioiis and in tlie name of 
the Gen' Assembly commanded them to hasten the raising the men anil jis H-»>a as 
possible to march, according to the order of his Honor the Governor to their stationa; 
and in the eveniag of the 3itli [nstant, oa the road between Fairdolil mid Horwalk, 
■we met the Hon'''' Maj' Gen' Spencer, to whom we commuuicated tile subject mat- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 127 

Whereas the period for the continuance of the troops raised the 
last year for garrisoning the fort at New London is nearly arrived, 
and least the new ones proposed to be raised for that department 
should fail of being raised seasonably and so tiie forts and stores be 
lost and the towns of New London and Groton be ravaged, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Colo. Samuel Mott and Capt. 
William Ledyard and Capt. John Deshon be a committee to repair 
immediately to New London to apply to Maj' Wells and the other 
commanding officers serving in that department to use their influence 
with the men now in service at New London and Groton to continue 
in service some time longer untill new forces can be raised to supply 
their places; and said committee to use their influence with the offi- 
cers appointed at this AsBembly to raise companies for that service to 
raise them with as great dispatch as possible; and alfte said commit- 
tee to make enquiry about the military stores belonging to this and 
the United States stored at New London, and if not properly secured 
to see that they are removed to some more secure place or places and 
make report to his Honor the Governor as soon as p 



I, upoa which Qen' Spencer informed us that we were too late 
to make application to the troops who had been station'd at Peekskill and North- 
caatle, for that he had given orders to Qen' Wadaworth to dismiaa the whole of his 
brigade the next morning and that there was no possibility ol making any proposals 
to any of the troops of Uiis State except those under the command of Gen' Wooster 
at the Sawpits. Pursuant to which intelligence we prosecuted our journey directly 
to Gen' Wooster at the Sawpits and there sliewed him the resolution of your Honors- 
and conversed with him upon the subject matter thereof; and on motion the general 
sent for all the field olficers of his corps to attend immediately at headquarters. The 
general informed us that he had fully wrote his Honor by express that morning, 
therein acquainting him that he had used the utmost of his influence to and had 
engaged them to stay untili Monday the 30th instant. The field officers immediately 
came to the general's quarters, to whom we communicated our orders, who all 
shewed the greatest readiness to assist us by exerting their influence in their several 
regiments to induce them to comply with your Honors' request, and agreeable to 
orders by the general issued for that purpose to the several regiments there under 
his command they were paraded, and the general with the f eld officers attended, 
when we acquainted them with your Honors' resolution and the same being read to 
them we then address'd them with all the arguments we were master of. to stimulate 
them into a compliance, in which we were ably assisted by the Rev* Mr. Waterman 
and also in a sensible and soldier-lilie manner by the general himself, when, to try 
their minds, the general proposed to them to shew their complyance by raising their 
firelocks, in which the great part appeared to consent, except the regiment of horse and 
but few of tliem consented to tarry — their reasons for noncompliance we afterwards 
learned from Maj' Starr and his officers were that they had rec'd no pay for the sum- 
mer or this campaign, that they were under the necessity of purchasing all the oata 
for their horses with their own money, that their money was expended, that for 
want of a sutler, or a commissary, to attend them they had been much imposed 
upon. The officers of the other regiments told ua that the complaints among their 
men were similar as to the pay and want of a commissary. We farther take leave 
to mention to your Honors that antecedent to our arrival at the Sawpits, Gen' Woos- 
ter had ordered 10 companies of the 9th Reg', of militia immediately to march in for 
the support and defence of the lines there untill other troops should arrive, which 
was immediately co.mplyed with by Col. Mead and the necessary orders issued by 
him for that purpose. 

All which is submitted by your Honors obed' humble serv'" 
Midletown, 38tli day of Dec', 1776. Eliakim Hall, 

AuoB Mead. 
Bev. War. v. 193. 



Hosted by 



Google 



128 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

Whereas the regiment raised by order of this Assembly in May 
last under the command of Colo, Andrew Ward was originally designed 
to have been stationed at Boston, and it being apprehended their ser- 
vice would be less difficult than, that of those raised for the northern 
and New York departments, and on that account had a less premium 
granted them than the other troops, but the public service requiring 
it, said regiment has been sent to and done duty with the other troops 
in the New York department, where they are yet serving, and by their 
inlistment are holden till May next; and whereas tliey are also desti- 
tute of suiBcient and warm eloathing for the winter season and at 
great distance from their home &c. as is also represented and moved 
in their behalf by the colonel of said regiment,* 

It is therefore resolved by this A8Bembly,T!haX all the non-com mission 
officers and soldiers of said regiment who shall faithfully serve out 
their term or shall be hereafter regularly discharged, shall be allowed 
and receive a premium of thirty shillings in addition to the sum they 
were entituled to on their inlistment. 

And it is further resolved. That his Honor the G-overnor be and he 
is hereby desired to request his EKcellency General Washington to 
furnish said regiment with all necessary and comfortable eloathing 
out of the continental store as soon as may be; and in case he shall 
not be able, that [he] would, if consistent with the public safety, per- 
mit said regiment to return to a post east of Hudson's River as near 
as may be to this State, that they may be better enabled to obtain 
necessary eloathing from their friends or otherwise. 



[ by this Assembly, That Joseph Hopkins and Samuel 
Bisop jun'. Esq'", be and they are hereby appointed a committee with 
full power to purchase at the most reasonable terms for the use of 
this State a certain fifty-acre lot, called Wadsworth's Grant, situate in 
the town of Salisbury, of the owner thereof, and take a deed thereof 
to the Governor and Company of this State. But if the owner of said 
lot refuseth to dispose of the same, then said committee are directed 
to agree with the owner for and purchase the wood now growing 
thereon at such sum as they shall judge just and reasonable. And 
the Committee of the Pay-Table are hereby ordered to draw upon the 
Treasurer for such sum as shall be necessary for the purposes afore- 
said in favour of said committee appointed as aforesaid, for which 
they shall render and settle their accounts with said Pay-Table. 

Whereas it is represented to this Assembly that there .are sundry 
old useless cannon now in the towns of New London, Saybrook &c., 
which will be of service to work up into bar-iron &c. ; Resolved by this 
Assembly, that Nathaniel Shaw jun' and Docf Samuel Field be and 

s dated Bucks County, PennsylTania, Dec. 24, 1778. — 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF GONNECTICDT. 129 

they are hereby appointed a committee to inspect aaid cannon and to 
sell such of them as shall be unfit for further service to any person who 
shall appear to purchase the same, and to render their account &c. 

Whereas it is represented to this Assembly by the selectmen of 
the to-wn of New Haven, that flags of truce from the enemy are fre- 
■quently passing in the harbour of that town for the purpose of 
■exchanging prisoners ; and whereas it is represented provisions and 
intelligence may be conveyed to Long Island by persons inimical to 
this State, especially in the defenceless situation of that harbour on 
account of the removal of the cannon from the fort, 

It is therefore resolved by this Assembly, That Colo, Thomson be 
and he is hereby authorized and impowered to replace three cannon, 
the property of said town,in the fort abovementioned, and also at the 
direction of the said Colonel Thomson to cause a sufficient number of 
men of his company to be stationed there for .the purpose of managing 
said cannon from time to time as occasion may require ; and that no 
flag of truce, vessell or water carriage of any kind be permitted by the 
commander of said fort to pass without express licence from some 
proper authority. 

And it is further resolved, That said company shall be allowed at 
the rate of nine pence per diem for billeting themselves in lieu of 
rations and other provisions. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That John Avery jun' of Preston be 
and he is hereby appointed in addition to the committee appointed to 
procure and purchase fire-arms in this State agreeable to the acts and 
resolves of this Assembly heretofore made. 

Whereas there is in the care of the committee appointed by this 
Assembly to improve the furnace at Midletown five thousand one 
hundred and forty weight of lead, which with all the other lead in 
this State ought to be forthwith prepared in the best manner for the 
use and safety of the same. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That said committee be and they are 
hereby directed to procure the lead in their care to be cast into bullets 
of suitable and various sizes and see the same properly stored, and 
return an account of the weight thereof to the Committee of Pay- 
Table by the first day of March next; and the said Committee of Pay- 
Table are hereby directed to transmit an account of the same with a 
particular account of the quantity of bullets which shall be returned 
to them by the selectmen of the several towns in this State as soon as 
may be to his Honor the Governor, who with his Council of Safety are 
requested to make an equal distribution of such bullets to the several 
towns according to their lists, and publish or give notice thereof, so 
that each town may find and obtain their proportion thereof, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Capt. Samuel Russell of Midle- 
town be and he is added to and appointed one of the committee to 
Vol. XVI.— 9 



Hosted by 



Google 



ISO PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

procure lead for the uae of this State and to carry on and work the- 
lead mine in said Midletown for that purpose. 

Whereas the article of cannon is of great importance and indispen- 
sably necessary iu warlilie preparations for offence or defence and 
much of ours has in the last campaign fallen into the hands of our 
enemies so as to render them scarce and this State is also applyed to- 
by the Hon'''' Continental Congress for a large number to be sent to 
the northern forta and for the ships, and they are also greatly needed 
for our more immediate defence, and there appears no way to obtain 
them but by our foundery at Salisbury, and there is danger that the 
furnace there will soon be blown out and stopped unless effectual 
measures are immediately taken to continue the blast and the manu- 
facturing and casting of cannon as long as possible : Therefore, 

Resolved by this Aisembly, That Mr. Benjamin Eenshaw be and 
he is hereby appointed and directed to repair forthwith to Salisbury 
and apply to Colo. Joshua Porter, manager of said foundery, and afford 
him all the assistance in his power, to enquire into the circumatances 
of said furnace and foundery, and to see what is necessary to be done, 
and use his utmost endeavour in conjunction with said Porter to 
remove every difficulty and obstruction in the way of continuing 
said furnace' in blast and assist in providing as soon as may be 
needfull all necessary workmen, materials and implements of every 
kind requisite for carrying on said business ; and they are to leave 
nothing practicable and reasonable unattempted to promote, carry on 
and continue the casting of cannon there of such size and dimensions 
as shall from time to time be directed by his Honor the Governor and 
Council of Safety ; and to continue there as long as shall appear 
needfull, and to make report of whatheshallfindanddo to this Assem- 
bly in their present session or in their recess to the Governor and, 
Council of Safety. 

Whereas it is of the greatest importance for the safety and defence- 
of this and the United States of America, that the foundery of cannon 
should be continued at Salishury, and in order thereto that some 
proper persons should be appointed to procure and furnish wood and 
coal and other materials for that purpose, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Colo, Joshua Porter be and he is 
hereby appointed to continue to take the care and oversight of carry- 
ing on and directing the casting of said cannon and of forwarding the- 
same as the Governor and Council of Safety shall from to time direct . 
him. 

And that said furnace may be supplyed with wood and coal in the- 
moat effectual manner, 

It is further resolved, That Mr, Benjamin Henshaw, Mr. Hezekiah 
Pitch and Mr. Lott Norton be and they are hereby appointed with full 
power to take the wood standing upon a certain fifty acre lot in said 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 131 

Salisbury now or lately the property of James Wadsworth, Esq', for 
the purpose aforesaid, and cause the same to be cut and measured and 
also to be apprized by two or three indifferent men under oath and 
pay the owner or owners thereof the full sum at which the same shall 
be apprized as aforesaid. And said committee are also further 
directed to take the whole care and charge of procuring and furnish- 
ing wood and coal and dehyer the same at said furnace, and for that 
purpose to employ all necessary wood-cutters, colliers, teams and car- 
ters, and other necessary materials, in said town of Salisbury or any 
of the neighboring towns, and keep clear entries of their doings and 
settle and render their account with the Committee of the Pay-Table, 
who are directed to give orders upon the Treasurer for the monies 
necessary to enable said gentlemen to execute the busineas of their 
said appointment. 

Whereas Colo. Joshua Porter was by this Assembly in their present 
sessions appointed to superintend the cannon-foundery at Salisbury and 
Messrs. Hezekiah Fitch and Lott Norton were appointed to procure 
coal, oar, &c. for said foundery, which is found to be inexpedient and 
not so likely to answer the good purpose designed, and it is of import- 
ance that every possible measure should be adopted by this Assembly 
to carry on said foundery, 

Therefore resolved by this Assembly, That Colo. Joshua Porter, 
Messrs. Benjamin Henshaw and William Whiting be and they are 
hereby appointed a committee, or any two of them, with full power 
and authority effectually to prosecute the casting of cannon &c. at 
said foundery for the use of this State, and also to purchase such 
quantities of rum, salt &c. as they shall judge profitable to enable 
them in the best manner to execute said purpose, the profits of the 
sale thereof to be appropriated to the use of this Stat« ; and also a 
sufficient number of blankets for the use of the workmen ; and that 
the Pay-Table draw on the Treasurer for a sum sufficient for said 
purpose. 

And it is further resolved. That the said Colonel Joshua Porter 
and Mr. Lott Norton be directed to state and exhibit a just and fair 
account of the avails of said foundery while they improved it for their 
own particular use and benefit, together with the reasons of their im- 
proving it, to this Assembly at their present sessions. 

Whereas there are various representations of the state and cir- 
cumstances of the cannon-foundery at Salisbury and several steps 
have been taken by this Assembly for pursuing that business through 
the present winter season, and finding difficulties yet attending the 
management thereof and may from time [to time] arise, which this 
Assembly not having time and as it may be not opportunity to adjust : 

Resolved therefore by this Assembly, That the further conduct, 
niana^emeut and direction of said foundery be and the same is hereby 



Hosted by 



Google 



132 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

referred to his Honor the Governor and Council of Safety, who are 
authorized and impowered to consider, regulate and give all neceaaary 
orders and directions concerning the same and appoint any suitable 
person or persons to oversee, conduct and carry on said business from 
time to time as they shall think proper and as occasion shall require : 
always subject to the control of the General Assembly. 

Whereas it is represented to this Assembly that the troops that 
marched under the command of General Wooster in the year 1775, 
and also that Colo. Ward's and Waterbury's regiments that marched to 
New York in the year 1776, were billeted upon the inhabitants of the 
towns of Norwalk, Stamford and Greenwich in their said march, and 
that the said inhabitants have applyed to Samuel Squire, Esq', com- 
missary for this State, to pay the accounts &c. for billeting said troops, 
and said Squire has entirely neglected to pay aaid accounts though 
often desired: Resolved by this Assembly, diat the said Squire be 
and he is hereby directed and required forthwith to receive the afore- 
said accounts for billeting said troops and exhibit them to the Com- 
mittee of the Pay-Table for adjustment, ajid procure an order on the 
Treasurer to receive such sums aa shall be found due on said accounts 
and pay the same to aaid inhabitants in satisfaction of their respective 
demands. 

Resolved by this Assembly^ That hia Honor the Governor and 
Council of Safety be and they are hereby authorized and directed to 
employ couriers and affix their stages, according to the recommenda- 
tion of the Hon*'' Committee of the States of New England at their 
meeting in Providence, December, 1776. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee of the Pay-Table 
draw orders upon the Treasurer in favour of the commanding officer 
of the battalion or several battalions of voluntiers now called upon to 
march in the defence of their country for such sum or sums as shall 
be sufficient to enable them to advance to each non-commission officer 
and soldier the sum of forty shillings (including the sum ordered to 
be advanced them by a former resolve of this Assembly) to assist 
them on their march : to render their account of the same. 

It being represented to this Assembly that the keeping and confin- 
ing such prisoners in the goal of the county of Hartford is attended 
with great difficulty, by reason of their intercourse with inimical per- 
sons from without, whereby sundry escapes have happened and great 
disadvantage as well as espence has accrued to this State, 

It is therefore resolved by this Assembly, That a proper guard, not 
to exceed the number of fourteen men under the command of one 
ensign commandant and one serjeant, the number to be at the discre- 
tion of the sheriff of said county and the Committee of the Pay-Table, 
be inlisted and engaged to keep guard at and about said prison for 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT, 133 

such term as they shall find and judge to be necessary; and such 
guard shall carefully and diligently attend the duty assigned them by 
said sheriff and committee, and obey the orders of said commandant 
on pain of forfeiting their pay and wages and such other punishment 
as this Assembly shall think just and reasonable. And the officers 
and soldiers of such guard shall be exempted from any other military 
duty and allowed during the time of their service such pay and wages 
as the said sheriff and committee shall agree upon and to be approved 
by the Governor and Council of Safety ; and the ensign of said guard 
shall be appointed by the Governor and Council of Safety and com- 
led by his Honor; 



Resolved hy this Assembly, That his i^pnor the Governor be 
authorized and desired to draw on the Treasurer of this State in 
favour of Lieut. Colo. Elisha Sheldon, commandant of a regiment of 
cavalry ordered to be raised by the Hon^'*^ Congress, for the sum of 
ten thousand pounds money of this State, being in compliance with 
the request of his Excellency General Washington to said Governor, 
by his letter dated December 16'^'', 1776, to furnish him, said Sheldon, 
with what money he may want out of the treasury of this State. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That all proprietors of powder-mills 
within this State shall and they are hereby directed and enjoined to 
make, execute and lodge with the Treasurer of this State at or before 
the first day of March next a bond, with sufficient surety, to the 
Governor and Company in the penal sum of two thousand pounds, 
L. money, conditioned that such proprietor or proprietors shall account 
to said Governor and Company for all the saltpetre being the property 
of said State which he or they shall receive to manufacture into gun- 
powder for their use; and if any such proprietor shall neglect to 
comply with this order and injunction he or they shall be liable to be 
amerced by and at the discretion of this Assembly. 

Whereas it is represented to this Assembly by Capt. Oliver Han- 
chett who commanded a company under General Arnold against Que- 
beck in December last, that after he and several ■ of his officers and 
soldiers were captivated in the attack then made upon that city, one 
James Knowles, the ensign of said company applied to the general 
and pay-master in the northern department and drew the whole of the 
pay and wages due to said company ; that the said Knowles instead of 
doing justice to the said company hath squandered and imbezzled their 
said monies and refused to do them justice therein; that he is now 
gone off to engage in privateering and is insolvent and said company 
are like to be greatly wronged and defrauded, and thereby a great 
discouragement brought upon the service of the United Stat«s : 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That the Committee of the Pay-Table 
be and they are hereby appointed with full power to enquire into the 



Hosted by 



Google 



184 PUBLIC BBCOBDS [December, 

several matters complained of, and find what and how much there is 
due to said company for wages and allowances while in the service of 
the United States, and how far they received of the said Knowles, and 
make report thereon to the next General Assembly, and that in the 
meantime the said committee apply to Maj' General Spencer at Provi- 
dence, or any other civil or military authority in any of the United 
States, and request and obtain if it may be that the said Knowles be 
apprehended and returned into this State and held to answer to the 
matters alledgcd as aforesaid. 

Upon the report of a committee on the memorial of Maj' Ebenezer 
Backus in behalf of himself and the officers and privates under his 
command in the corf^ of light-horse lately employed in the contin- 
ental service, &c. 

Resolved by this AstemUy, That his Honor the Governor be and 
he is hereby desired to transmit to the Hon''" Continental Congress a 
copy of said memorial with a copy of his Excellency General Wash- 
ington's request by virtue of which the light-horse under the command 
of said Backus was sent from this State and the General's correspond- 
ence on said subject together with a copy of the General's dismission 
to said Maj' Backus and his corps, requesting said Congress to settle 
and determine the pay and allowances the said Maj' Backus and his 
corps should receive for their said services ; and the Delegates of this 
State are hereby instructed to forward this application and transmit 
a return a« soon as t 



This Assembly do appoint Maj' General David Wooster, Esq' to 
be first Major General over the whole militia of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint the Hon'"'" Jabez Huntington, Esq', to 
be second Major General over the whole militia of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Erastus Wolcott, Esq', to be Brigadier 
General of the first brigade of the militia of this State, 

This Assembly do appoint Brig'^' General James Wadaworth ju. 
Esq', to be Brigadier General of the second brigade of the militia of 
this State, 

This Assembly do appoint Gurdon Saltonstall, Esq', to be Briga^ 
dier General of the third brigade of the militia of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Gold Selleck Silliman, Esq'', to be Brig- 
adier General of the fourth brigade of the militia of this State, 

This Assembly do appoint the Hon"" Eliphalet Dyer, Esq', to be 
Brigadier General of the fifth brigade of the militia of this State, 

This Assembly do appoint Brig"' General Oliver Wolcott, Esq', to 
be Brigadier General of the sixth brigade of the militia of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Jeremiah Mason, Esq', Colonel of the 
twelfth regiment of militia, in the room of William Williams, Esq', 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 186 

This Assembly do appoint Joel Jones, Esq', Lieutenant Colonel of 
ihe twelfth regiment of militia, in the room of Jeremiah Mason, Esq', 



This Assembly do appoint Capt. James Clark Major of the twelfth 
regiment of militia, in the room of Joel Jones, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathaniel Terry, Esq', Lieutenant Colo- 
nel of the 19"' regiment of militia, in the room of George Pitkin, Esq', 



This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Wells, Esq', of Hartford, 
Major of the 19"" regiment of militia, in the room of Nathaniel Terry, 
Esq', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Thomas Bull, Esq', to be Major of the 
iifth regiment of troops of horse in this State, in the room of Elisha 
■Sheldon, jun'. Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint William Danielson, Esq', Colonel of the 
11'" regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Colo. Ebenezer 
"Williams, resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel McCIellan, Esq', Lieutenant 
■Colonel of the eleventh regiment of militia in this State, in the room 
of William Danielson, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Capt. Joseph Abbott to be Major of the 
ll'" regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Maj' McCIellan, 
promoted. 

This Assembly do establish Jeremiah Bacon to be Lieutenant of a 
troop of light horse in the first regiment of horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Grave to be Quarter Master 
of a troop of light horse in the first regiment of horse in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish David Miller to be Captain of the 
sixth company or trainband in the 12"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Buell to be Lieutenant of the 
sixth company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Euell jun' to be Ensign of the 
:Bixth company or trainband in the IS'* regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Lankton to be Captain of the 
fifth company or trainband in the 15'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Franciss to be Lieutenant of the 
fifth company or trainband in the IS'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lemuel Hotchkiss to be Ensign of the 
fifth company or trainband in the 15"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Brainerd to be Ensign of the 
sixth company or trainband in the 23* regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bezaleel Bristol to be Captain of 
the 12^'' company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Pierson to be Ensign of the 
12"' company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



186 PDBLic RBC0BD8 [December^ 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Dewey to be Ensign of a com- 
pany of veterans in the town of Canterbury. 

This Assembly do establish Robert Wells jun' to be Ensign of the 
fifth company or trainband in the sixth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Smith to be Captain of the 11'" 
company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Brainerd to be Lieutenant of 
the 11'" company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish John Wood 2'' to be Captain of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 22^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Dickinson to be Lieutenant of 
the eighth company or trainband in the 22'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Olmsted to be Ensign of the 
14'" company or trainband in the fourth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Felt jun' to be Captain of the 
fourth company or trainband in the 22* regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Lord to be Lieutenant of the 
6*" company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abijah Starling to be Captain of a 
company or trainband in the pariah of Stratfield in the fourth regi- 
ment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Philips jun'' to be Captain of 
the light infantry company in the 23" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Bull to be Lieutenant of the 
light infantry company in the 23'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Willard Wright to be Ensign of the 
light infantry company in the 28" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Johnson to be Captain of the 
fourth company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Way to be Ensign of the fourth 
company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Duncan to be Lieutenant of the 
14'" company or trainband in the fourth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Hall to be Captain of the second 
company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Lay to be Lieutenant of the 
second company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Hall to be Ensign of the second 
company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Brooks to be Captain of the 
third company or trainband in the 23" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Chamberlain to be Ensign of 
the third company or trainband in the 23" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Bebee to be Captain of the- 
seventh company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Wright to be Captain of the 4"^ 
company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] 01 CONNECTICUT. 1S7 

This Assembly do establish Peter Kelley to be Ensign of the fourth 
company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Paul Erigham to be Captain of the 
seventh company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Terrill to be Lieutenant of 
the seventh company or trainband in the 12'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel White to be Ensign of the 
seventh company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Bulkley to be Lieutenant of the 
second company or trainband in the 25"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jared Cone to be Captain of the fifth 
company or trainband in the 19"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Bennett to be Ensign of the 
sixth company or trainband in the fourth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Skinner to be Captain of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asaph Trumbull to be Lieutenant of 
the eighth company or trainband in the 12'" regiment in this State- 

This Assembly do establish William Talcott to be Ensign of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Williams to be Lieutenant of 
the fifth company or trainband in the 25'" regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Brainerd to be Ensign of the 
fifth company or trainband in the 25*" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Loomiss to be Ensign of the 
10'" company or trainband in the 19'" regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Huntington to be Captain of 
the second company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lemuel Clark to be Lieutenant of the 
second company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Dan Storrs to be Ensign of the second 
company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Reed to be Captain of the 11"" 
company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Slason to be Lieutenant of 
the 11'" company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Andrew Waterman to be Captain of 
the fifth company or trainband in the 12'" regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Elihu Thomas to be Lieutenant of the 
fifth company or trainband in the 12'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Maccaul to be Ensign of the 
fifth company or trainband in the 12** regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lee Lay to be Captain of the eighth- 
company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Silvanus Smith to be Lieutenant of 
the 8'" company or trainband in the third regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Howe jun' to be Captain of the 
13'" company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



188 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Heusted to be Lieutenant of 
■the 13'" company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Mead 3" to be Ensign of ■the 
IS"" company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliaa Bliss to be Captain of the fourth 
■company or trainband in the 12'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Dunham to be Lieutenant of 
the fourth company or trainband in the 12'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Woodworth to be Ensign of 
the fourth company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Clark to be Captain of the tenth 
-company or trainband in the 12"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Israel Williams Lieutenant of the 
tenth company or trainband in the 12'" regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Malachi Thomas to be Ensign of the 
tenth company or trainband in the 12"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Ventres to be Captain of the 
third company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Arnold to be Lieutenant of the 
third company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Wells to be Ensign of the third 
company or trainband in the seventh regiment in this State. 

ThisAssembly do establish Samuel Wells to be Captain of the third 
company or trainband in the sixth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Hale to be Lieutenant of the 
third company or trainband in the sixth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Smith to be Ensign of the 
third company or trainband in the sixth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Day to be Lieutenant of the 
seventh company or trainband in the 22^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Jewet to be Ensign of the 7"' 
company or trainband in the 22* regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Throop to be Captain of a troop 
of horse in the second regiment of light horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Pitch to be Lieutenant of a 
troop of horse in the second regiment of light horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Thomson jun'', to be Cornet of 
a troop of horse in the second regiment of light horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gamaliel Little to be Quarter Master 
of a troop of horse in the second regiment of light horse in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Major Roger Newberry to be one of the 
committee for overseeing and taking care of NewGate Prison, instead 
of Capt. Josiah Bissell deceased. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Adams, Esq', Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of Litchfield, untill the first of June 
next, in the the room of Reuben Smith, Esq', resigned. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 139 

This Assembly do appoint John Watroua, Esq', to be Judge of 
Probate for the district of East Haddam imtill the first day of June 
■ nest, in the room of Daniel Erainard, Eaq% deceased. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gordon Surveyor of Lands 
within and for the county of Westmorelaod. 

This Assembly do appoint Elihu Marvin to be Surveyor of Lands 
for the county of Hartford. 

Whereas the exigencies of this State and the public require a con- 
«iderable supply of the treasury. 

It is therefore resolved by thia Assembly, That a tax of four pence 
on the pound on the general list of polls and rateable estate of the 
inhabitants of thisState brought into this Assembly in October, 1775, 
with the additions, be laid and collected as soon as possible, and paid 
into the treasury of this State at or before the tenth day of May next; 
and the Treasurer is ordered forthwith to send out his warrants 
accordingly, therein also directing the constables not to enforce the 
collection immediately on such as are not now of sufficient ability to 
discharge the same. 

Whereas upon the memorial of Mathew Talcott, Esq', and others, 
■preferred to this Assembly in May, 1772, praying that buoys and 
marks might be erected in Connecticut River pointing out the shoals 
and bars, so that the navigation in said river nright be rendered more 
safe ; and as it was resolved that the memorialists have liberty to set 
up and carry on a lottery or lotterys amounting to such a sum as by 
drawing at least ten per cent, out of each prize the whole might raise 
the sum of three hundred and thirty-seven pounds, and the managers 
to be liable for the payment of the prize tickets signed by them : the 
sum of three hundred pounds raised by said lottery to be paid into 
the hands of a committee or company that should thereafter be 
appointed for carrying said design into execution, and thirty-seven 
pounds thereof to Capt. Abncr Parker; and Matthew Talcott, Esq', 
Richard Alsop and John Chenevard of Hartford, and Ebenezer Pium- 
mer of Glastonbury and Silas Dean of Weatherefield were appointed 
managers of said lottery: And whereas upon another memorial of the 
said Mathew Talcott, Esq', and others, at Hartford in May, 1778, 
shewing that the said sum of three hundred and thirty-seven pounds 
would be too small to attain the ends in said act proposed, this 
Assembly did resolve that the said memorialists should have liberty 
to set up and carry on a lottery or lotteries amounting to such sum as 
by drawing at least ten per cent, out of each prize or out of the whole 
may raise the sum of five hundred and thirty-seven pounds, and that 
the same persons named as managers in said former act be managers 
of this lottery, subject to the same restrictions, regulations and pro- 
visions in said former act contained and provided, 



Hosted by 



Google 



140 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That Doct' John Dickinson and Colo, 
Thomaa Belding be a committee with full powers to receive of said 
managers the sums raised by said lottery into their hajids and the same 
safely keep in their hands untill further orders from this Assembly, 
and also to receive, adjust and settle the accounts of said managers 
respecting said lottery, and make report to this or some future session 
of the General Assembly. 

Upon the motion and representation of the inhabitants of the first 
society in the town of Glastonbury made to this Assembly In June 
last, shewing that a division of the military company in said town 
was necessary and would be of public conveniency and utility, and 
tend to promote peace among said inhabitants, whereupon a com- 
mittee was then appointed to repair to said society, view the cir- 
cumstances and situation of said military company and the limits 
thereof, and hear all parties concerned, and make report thereon &c. ; 
and said committee having now reported it as their opinion that said 
military company ought to be divided by certain lines and limits &c. 
which report is accepted and approved Ac. 

Retolved by this Assembly, That said military company shall and 
the same is hereby divided into two distinct military companys by the 
following lines and limits, to wit: By a line to begin at the highway 
in Main street running through said society eastward in the line 
dividing between the late Capt. Jonathan Hale's, deceased, land and 
the land now in the possession of Gideon Hale to the bounds of the 
society of Eastbury, and to run westward from said highway or main 
street in the line dividing between Gideon Hale's and David Hale's 
land to Connecticut River; and all those living north of said line shall 
be and remain one separate distinct military company called and 
known by the name of the third military company in the sixth regi- 
ment of militia; and all those living on the south of said line shall be 
and remain one distinct separate military company and called and 
known by the name of the seventh military company in the sixth reg- 
iment of militia in this State. And whereas that part of said com- 
pany on the north of said line have already made choice of their 
officers, it is therefore resolved, that said choice be and the same is 
hereby approved, and the colonel of said regiment is hereby directed 
to cause proper warning to be given to lead that part of said company 
on the south of said line to the choice of commission officers, and 
make return thereof as soon a« may be to this Assembly. 

Whereas it appears to this Assembly upon information made by 
Samuel Abbott, lieutenant colonel of the 20"" regiment of militia with- 
in this State, that Jacob Perkins, captain of the first military company 
in said regiment, and Samuel Wheat, captain of the second company 
of militia in said regiment, did altogether refuse to obey an order of 
his Honor the Governor and the subsequent order of their said colonel 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 141 

reqairing them respectirely to muster and march their several compa- 
nies for the service and defence of this State, 

/( IS therefore resolved by this Assembly, That the Secretary be 
and he is hereby authorized and directed to issue a warrant directed 
to some proper officer, requiring him forthwith to arrest the bodies of 
the aforesaid Jacob Perkins and Samuel Wheat and them have forth- 
with before this Assembly at their present or next sessions, to answer 
to the matters contained in said information and to be dealt with 
thereon as to law and justice appertains. 

Whereas this Assembly since the foregoing resolve have received 
satisfactory information from Lieut. Colo. Abbott that the within 
named Jacob Perkins and Samuel Wheat have acknowledged their 
fault in disobeying or rather hesitating and delaying draughting the 
fourth part of the militia in their respective companies according to 
order to them given and have since complied with their orders, declar- 
ing themselves sorry for their fault and imprudence and that they are 
now ready on all occasions to defend their country with their lives 
and fortunes : Whereupon this Assembly, ready to forgive, have and 
do hereby revoke the aforesaid resolve, and order all proceedings 
against the said Perkins and Wheat to cease and be discontinued. 

Upon the memorial of Erastus Wolcott, Esq', colonel of the regi- 
ment of troeps stationed at New London and the sea coast in the 
year 1776, praying that the Committee of Pay-Table be directed to 
make some allowance for paying of the companies in said regiment 
with twenty shillings premium to the soldiers that inlisted after the 
second of July, 1776, without any deduction from their wages Ac, as 
per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the Committee 
of Pay-Table be and they are hereby directed to allow twenty shillings 
premium to each man not being in the matross companies that inlisted 
after the 2'' day of July, 1776, into the companies of said regiment 
raised by order of the Governor and Council of Safety, and that said 
committee allow the wages in full to all the men in said regiment that 
did not supply themselves with arms, without deducting anything 
therefrom on that account. 

Whereas the seventh military company in the sixth regiment in 
this State have refused to proceed to the choice of officers for said 
company agreeable to an order of this Assembly issued for that pur- 
pose : It is therefore resolved by this Assembly, that the Secretary do 
and he is hereby directed forthwith to issue a warrant directed to 
some proper oihcer to summon said military company and each of 
them to appear before this Assembly at their present or next sessions, 
to answer for their disobedience in the premises and to be further 
dealt with as shall appear fit and right thereon. 



Hosted by 



Google 



142 PUBLIC RECORDS [December^ 

Upon the memorial of Jonathan Well8, Esq'', of Glaatonburjj 
shewing to this Assembly that he preferred his memorial to the Gen- 
eral Assembly in March, 1775, therein alledging that by reason of 
great losses and misfortunes he is greatly embarrassed in his person 
and estate, praying for relief &c., on which said Assembly by a resolve 
did exempt the person and estate of the memorialiBt from arrests un- 
till the rising of the Assembly in May then next, that he and his cred- 
itors might prefer their petition for a special act of insolvency; that 
the state of public affairs hath been such ever since that no business of 
that nature hath since been transacted, and that the General Assembly 
in May last did revive and continue said protection untill the rising 
of the Assembly in October then next; and praying that the same- 
may be renewed and continued untill the rising of the Assembly in 
May next; Resolved by this Assembly, that the person and estate of 
the said Jonathan Wells, Esqf , shall and the same is hereby protected 
from arrest and attachments untill the rising of this Assembly in May 
next, and his body during said time shall be exempted from imprison- 
ment for any debt, and that he shall not in the meantime sell or dis- 
pose of any part of his estate either real or personal, and that he and, 
his creditors have liberty to prefer their petition to said Assembly ia 
May next, that what is right may be done in the premises. 

Upon the memorial of Ezra Hawley and others, inhabitants of the 
town of Stratford, representing to this Assembly that they are exposed 
to the depredations of the enemy &c. ; praying this Assembly to sta- 
tion a guard of twenty-five men at NewField Harbour in said Strat- 
ford, as per memorial dated January 14'", 1777; Resolved by this 
Assembly, that a guard of twenty-five men be stationed at said New- 
Field Harbour under the command of one lieutenant and two Ser- 
jeants, and that they have an order to receive at the foundery at 
Salisbury two cannon, four-pounders, to be mounted on proper carriages, 
with a sufficient quantity of shot and also an order for a sufficient 
quantity of powder, and tiiat Mr. Aaron Hawley be and he is appomted 
Lieutenant to command said party. 

Upon the memorial of John Richardson of Lebanon, a soldier in 
Capt. Clark's company in Colo, Sage's regiment, shewing to this 
Assembly that he was taien sick in New York whilst on service, and 
from thence removed by order of authority to recover his health, 
which is not yet accomplished ; that he was returned as a deserter 
because not able to return to service before the term of inlistment was- 
expired, whereby he is deprived of his wages and has lost the cost of 
his sickness &c., as per memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, 
that the Committee of Pay-Table be and they are hereby ordered to 
receive and adjust an account of the wages of the memorialist 
and allow him what is due thereon, taking care that he account for 
his arms ifec, together with the reasonable expence of his sickness- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 145 

and his marching money untill he returned home, and charge the 
same to the continent. 

Upon the memorial of Benjamin Belding and Abraham Gillett, sol- 
diers in the company of Capt. Abraham Pettibone and Major Simeon 
Strong's regiment lately in the service of this State in the arm.y at New 
Yorlc representing the necessity they were under of returning home by 
means of sickness, with the permission of their captain, only without 
a regular discharge, and of their continuing unfit for duty long after the- 
discharge of said regiment; praying that their wages may be granted 
them from the time of their march till their return home, which hith- 
erto they have not received in whole or in part ; as per memorial on 
file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the Committee of Pay-Table be 
and they are hereby authorized and directed upon application of the 
memorialists to adjust the matters referred to in the memorial, and in 
favour of the memorialists to draw on the Treasurer for such sum or 
sums as shall be found justly due to each of them, respectively, for 
their wages and pay for the aforesaid term untill they severally 
returned home. 

Upon the memorial of John McKey of Norwalk, shewing to this- 
Assembly that before the superior court of this State held at Fairfield 
on the 25"' day of June last he, the said memorialist, was adjudged 
guilty of being inimical to the united American States, and thereupon 
was sentenced by said superior court to be confined in the common 
goal in Litchfield for the space of one year ; that in 'pursuance thereof 
was committed to said goal, where he still remains; that he was 
induced to commit the facts alledged against him from the artful! 
endeavors of sundry persons unfriendly to the liberties of the Ameri- 
can States, representing terror &c. ; that said memorialist is sensible 
of his folly, has retracted, is now friendly to the liberties of these 
States and determined to behave and conduct himself accordingly; 
praying for relief &c,, as per memorial on file: Resolved by this 
Assembly, that said memorialist be and he ia hereby ordered to be 
removed from the goal in which he is now confined to the town of 
East Haddam in this State, there [to] remain under the inspection^ 
care and direction of the selectmen of said town of East Haddam 
untill the further order of this Assembly be given accordmgly. 

Upon the memorial of Timothy Cheeney, shewing to this Assem- 
bly that in consequence of an order from the Captain General of this 
State he marched in the month of August last with the company of 
militia under his command to the relief of the continental army then 
in New York ; that after his arrival at New York aforesaid he was 
directed by his Honor the Governor, signifyed to the commanding 
officer of the regiment to which he belonged, that it was necessary he 
should be released from said service that he might make granulating 



Hosted by 



Google 



144 PUBLIC EBCOHDS [December, 

sieves for the purpose of making powder &c. ; that he accordingly did re- 
turn home by permit &c. and was in said service the space of three weeks, 
and that his name was omitted to be inserted in the pay-roll made up for 
said company, and so without any fault of his he has lost the wages 
and allowances justly his due &c- ; praying that allowance may be 
made him &c., as per memorial &c. : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
the Committee of the Pay-Table be directed and they are hereby 
directed to receive and adjust the accounts of the allowances and 
wages that may appear due and draw on the Treasurer for what they 
shsJl find to be due thereon to the memorialist and charge the same 
to the continental accounts. 

Upon the memorial of Jacob Ely of Lyme, shewing to this Assem- 
bly that he was a listed soldier in Capt. Bingham's company in the 
regiment under the command of Colo. Selden in the continental army 
in the last campaign ; that he faithfully served therein till by reason 
of sickness on the ninth of December last he was properly discharged, 
but by mistake was returned a deserter and thereby prevented from 
his wages, to the distress of his family, Ac, as per memorial on file 
&c. : Resolved by this Assembly, that the Committee of the Pay-Table 
be and they are hereby directed to settle and adjust the wages due to 
said Jacob Ely to the time of his discharge aforesaid, he accounting 
for his arms, and that they give orders on the Treasurer for the pay- 
ment of the same accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of Moses Hide of Lebanon, shewing to this 
Assembly that on the 17"" day of August last he marched in and with 
a company of militia or voluntiers whereof Walter Hide of said Leba- 
non was captain, since deceased, to New York by order of the Captain 
General of this State, and that he faithfully discharged his duty as a 
soldier untill the 12'" day of September following, at which time said 
captain being sick he, said memorialist, by order attended said captain 
to the town of Greenwich and untill he dyed there, which was the 
IS"" of said September, and then being sick himself and at a great 
distance from the regiment to which he belonged and unable to apply 
to the commanding officer for a regular discharge, set forth for and 
returned home on the 22* of the same month, and continued sick and 
weak for and untill after said regiment was dismissed and returned 
home, but that for want of such discharge from the commanding 
officer he, the said Moses, has not nor could draw any pay with said 
company, and praying to have such allowance of wages and marching 
money as other soldiers had and received for the time said petitioner 
was so in service; as per memorial on file ; Resolved by this Assembly, 
that the said Moaes Hide be allowed his pay for wages and marching 
money as a soldier in said company for the time he was in service 
as aforesaid ; and the Committee of the Pay-Table are impowered to 
adjust and allow the same and order payment thereof from the treas- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OF CONNECTICUT. 145 

ury accordingly upon application to them made and charge the Bame 
to the continent. 

Upon the memorial of Elizabeth Thrall, administratrix on the 
«atate of Timothy Thrall late of Windsor, deceas'd, shewing to this 
Assembly that the memorialist together with Josiah Bissell, Esq', 
were by this Assembly in November last appointed to sell so much of 
the real estate of said deceas'd as would raise the sum of X236. 7. 5, 
&o., and that since said appointment the said Josiah has deceas'd, 
aaid business not being accomplished ; praying for relief &g. : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that Josiah Allyn be and he is hereby appointed 
and fully impowered together with the memorialist, to sell so much of 
the real estate of said deceas'd Timothy Thrall as will be sufficient to 
raise said sum aforesaid &c., with the same powers and under the 
same regulations as directed in said resolve of Assembly in November 
last. 

Upon the memorial of Daniel Hide of Lebanon, shewing to this 
Assembly that on the 17'" day of August last he, being a drummer, 
marched in and with a company of voluntiers whereof Walter Hide of 
said Lebanon, late deceas'd, was captain, to New York by order of the 
Capt. General of this State, a&d that he faithfully discharged his duty 
aa a drummer untill the 12'" day of September following, at which 
time said captain being sick he, the said Daniel, by order attended 
said captain to the town of Greenwich and there continued untill the 
death of said captain, which was the 18th of said September, and then 
being sick himself and at a great distance from the regiment to which 
he belonged and unable to apply to the commanding officer for a reg- 
ular discharge, set forth for and returned home by the 22* of the 
same month, and continued sick and weak untill after said regiment 
was dismissed and returned home, but that for want of such discharge 
from the commanding officer he, the said Daniel, has not nor could 
i3raw any pay with said company ; and praying to have such allowance 
of wages and marching money as other drummers were allowed for 
the time said petitioner was so in service; as per memorial on file: 
Therefore, resolved by this Assembly, that the said Daniel Hide be 
allowed his pay for wages and marching money as other drummers 
for the time he was in said service as aforesaid ; and the Committee 
of Pay-Table are impowered to adjust and allow the same and order 
payment thereof from the treasury accordingly upon application to 
them made, and charge the same to the continent. 

Upon the memorial of the town of Hartland by their represeutar 
tives, Phineas Kingsbury and Joseph Wilder, shewing that jfr. Uriel 
Holmes, who was their collector legally chosen to collect a rate of two 
pence upon the acre upon the lands of said Hartland granted by this 
Assembly in May last, is in the army, and by reason thereof has not 
Vol. XVI.— 10 



Hosted by 



Google 



146 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

nor can collect said tax, and that said town at their legal meeting on 
the 12'" day of December, 1776, made choice of Eleazer Ensign to 
collect said rates or tax in the room of said Holmes ; praying that, 
said Ensign be impowered to collect said tax pursuant to said choice ; 
as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the said 
Eleazer Ensign be and he is hereby impowered to collect said twopenny 
tax in the room of said Holmes, and that he be accountable therefor 
in the same manner as other collectors of rates are. 

Upon the memorial of Samuel Crane, Jehiel Everts and Elisha 
Crane, selectmen of the town of Killingworth, praying for liberty to 
sell so much of the real estate of Sylvaniis Kelcey, an impotent per- 
son belonging to said Killingworth under the care of the selectmen of 
said town, as shall raise the sum of £2S. 15. 6 and the charges of 
sale, for the payment of £14 18 6 due for his pass'd support, £3 17 
due for sundry taxes, and £5 for his future suport ; as per memo- 
rial on iile: Resolved by this Assembly, that Mr. Aaron Kelcey of 
said Killingworth hath liberty and authority is hereby given to him 
to make sale of so much of the real estate of said Silvanus as will 
raise the sum of £2S 15 6, L, money, and the incident charges of 
such sale ; taking the advice of the^ selectmen therein ; and the 
money so raised to be put into the hands of said selectmen, to be by 
them applied for the purposes aforesaid and to render their account 
thereof when required. 

Upon the memorial of Benedict Arnold, of New Haven in the 
county of New Haven, for himself and the rest of the heirs of the 
estate of Samuel Mansfield late of said New Haven, deceas'd, shewing 
to this Assembly that said Mansfield was in his life time indebted to 
one James Waugh, of London in the island of Great,Britain, by note 
bearing date December 10'", 1763, for the sum of ^£72 4 5, sterling; 
and said note was in said Mansfield's life time put in suit and judg- 
ment was had and obtained thereon against said Mansfield, which ex- 
ecution was never satisfyed but run out in the hands of the sheriff 
who had said execution, and that judgment and execution has been 
obtained against said sheriff for not collecting the sums due on said 
execution, which execution is now in force and said sheriff is liable to 
pay the sums due on said execution; and praying this Assembly, as 
said Waugh is an inhabitant of the island of Great Britain, to order 
that all further prosecution on any of said executions be staid till the 
further order of this Assembly ; as per memorial dated January 8'" 
1777 : Resolved by this Assembly, that all further proceedings in law 
or equity on the aforesaid executions be suspended and staid till the 
further order of this Assembly; and all officers and other persons 
concerned are to take notice of this resolve and conform thereto. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 147 

Whereas the authority and selectmen of the town of Killingworth 
in the county of New London have represented to tliis Assembly that 
the several oiRcerB by law appointed to make choice of suitable per- 
sons for tavern-keepers, taking into consideration the necessity of 
increasing the number of tavern-keepers in the town of Killingworth 
for the reception and comfortable supply of soldiers and others who 
travel on occasion of our present troubles, at their meeting on the 6"' 
day of January instant made choice of Messrs. Samuel Crane and 
Hiel Buell to keep houses of entertainment; and .as there will not be 
any county court holden in the county of New London where licences 
may be issued soOn enough to answer the ends for which they were 
chosen, praying that they may be licensed accordingly, as per raemonal 
on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the said Samuel Crane and 
Hiel Buell be and they are hereby licensed and authorized to keep 
houses of public entertainment within the town of Killingworth from 
the 16'" day of January, 1777, untill licence may be had and obtained, 
from the county court to be holden at New London in June next. 

Upon the memorial of Anthony Judd of Farmington, a soldier 
belonging to the company under the command of Lieutenant John 
Lankton of said town, shewing that in pursuance of the orders of his 
Honor the Governor he did on the IS'" day of August last set out on 
his march to join the continental army then at New York ; that he 
was immediately taken sick and rendered unfit for duty on his arrival 
at that place; that his extream weakness rendered itunsafe for him to 
take benefit of general orders for the discharge of the sick when be 
might have obtained it ; that he was afterwards unhappily refused a 
discharge upon the arrival of a friend to assist him in his return ; 
that urged by necessity he did however commit himself to the care of 
his friend, by whose assistance he arrived home on the 26"' of Sep- 
tember last; that he continued sick long after his regiment was dis- 
charged ; and praying for his wages, mileage and expences of sickness 
during the term of his service, as per memorial on file : Resolved by 
this Assembly, that the Committee of Pay-Table be and they are 
hereby authorized and directed on proper application to them made 
by the memorialist, to liquidate and adjust the accounts of his wages, 
mileage and cost of sickness from the said 15'" day of August till his 
return home, he accounting for his arms &c., and draw on the Treas- 
urer for such sum as they shall find justly due to him accordingly. 

Upon the information of Samuel Chapman, Esq', colonel of the 
twenty-second regiment of militia in this State, representing to this 
Assembly that aiter said regiment per order marched for the relief 
and aid of the continental army in August last, one Paul Blogget, a 
captain of a company in said regiment, in September last while in 
said service presumed to forge a paper purporting a discharge to him- 
self, with the name of General Wadsworth set to the same, by and 



Hosted by 



Google 



148 PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

under pretence of which said Blogget attempted to cross Harlem 
River in a secret and clandestine manner, with a view to desert said 
service, in which he was disgraced and rendered himself unworthy of 
any further command in said regiment &c. ; as per complaint on file : 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the Secretary is directed and author- 
ized to issue a warrant for arresting the body of him, the said Blog- 
gett, and cause him to be brought before the General Assembly of 
this State in its next session, to answer to the matters aforesaid and 
be dealt with therein as to law and justice appertains. 

On the memorial of Ezra Bevin of Chatham, administrator on the 
estate of Henry Goodale late of said Chatham, deceas'd, shewing to 
this Assembly that the debts and charges due from said estate, 
together with some allowance to the widow, surmount the moveable 
part of said estate the sum of ^41 17 11, and thereupon prays for 
liberty to sell lands &c. : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memo- 
i-ialist have liberty, and liberty is hereby given hira, to sell so much 
of the real estate of the said deceas'd as will procure the aforesaid 
sum of d£41 17 11 together with the incident charges arising on such 
sale ; taking the direction of the court of probate for the district of 
Midletown therein. 

Upon the memorial of David Morse of Preston, shewing to this 
Assembly that he was a soldier in Colo. Huntington's regiment the 
year past and was discharged in July last by General Spencer, since 
which he has been at great cost in coming home and in time of sick- 
ness &c.; praying that the same may'be paid to him, as per memorial 
on file : Resolved by this Assembly, to grant to the memorialist the 
sum of thirteen shillings and sixpence, and the same is hereby granted 
to him on said memorial ; and the Treasurer is directed to pay the 
same accordingly. 

Resolved hy this Atsembly, That the Treasurer of this State pay 
to Major Ebenezer Backus the sum of eighteen hundred pounds, to be 
by him used in paying the troops of light horse who marched under 
his command in September last to the relief of General Washington's 
army at New York, and to the troops of such horse who marched 
again under his command to the State of Rhode Island in December 
last by order of his Honor the Governor and Council of Safety on the 
appearance of the enemy's fleet and army which have since invaded 
and possessed themselves of Rhode Island. And said Backus is 
ordered to pay out the same to the horsemen who marched to each 
and either of said places as aforesaid in proper and just proportion : 
said sum to be accounted for on settlement of the account and pay- 
roll of said troops on each of said marches and their several services 
as aforesaid ; which account and rolls he is directed to make out and 
exhibit to the Committee of Pay-Table as soon as may be, that the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 149 

same may be adjusted and settled according to such rule as may be 
given by Congress and the amount charged and obtained from the 
continental treasury : he, said Backus, first giving bond with suificient 
surety to be taken by said Committee of Pay-Table in manner and 
form as usual for pay-masters in similar cases. 

Upon the memorial of Jacob Beach of Goshen, shewing to this 
Assembly that since the repeal of the late law granting a premium 
for destroying wolves they have increased and done much damage by 
killing sheep in said Goshen, and consequently he having expended 
considerable in timfi and money for that purpose hath since the first 
day of May last taken, killed and destroyed three grown wolves in said 
Goshen ; praying for such sum of money to be paid him out of the 
public treasury of this State as he would have been entituled to receive 
had said act never been repealed ; as per memorial on file : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that the memorialist have liberty to receive the 
sum of twelve pounds lawfull money, and the Treasurer of this State 
is hereby ordered and directed to pay the same accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of Stephen Ward jun' of Midletown in the 
county of Hartford, shewing to this Assembly that he belonged to 
and marched with the militia to New York by order of the Governor 
in August last, and that while there he was badly wounded by a- flash 
of lightning striking a house in which he was &c. ; and that he has 
been at the expence of ^12 9 1, for doctoring &c. ; praying for relief 
&c., as by memorial on file dated the 25"^ day of December, 1776, 
may appear: Resolved by this Assembly, that the Pay-Table be and 
they are hereby directed to draw an order on the Treasurer to pay out 
of the public treasury the sum of ^£12 9 1 unto him the said Stephen 
Ward jim' ; and the Treasurer is ordered to pay the same accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of the inhabitants of the town of Glastonbury, 
shewing to this Assembly that said inhabitants in legal town-meeting 
voted to repair the highways in said town by a tax on the polls and 
rateable estate of said inhabitants ; praying for such liberty, as per 
memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that liberty and author- 
ity be and the same is hereby granted to the inhabitants of said Glas- 
tonbury to tax the polls and rateable estate within said town to raise 
such sums of money a.8 they shall from time to time judge 'necessary 
and sufficient to repair all public highways within said township and 
annually, or from time to time as occasion shall require, by the select- 
men or a committee by said town appointed for that purpose, divide 
the highways in said township into particular districts and assign to 
each surveyor a certain proportion thereof to be repaired and main- 
tained under his special care, oversight and^ direction, who shall in 
the most convenient and proper season give notice at least three days 
beforehand to all the inhabitants living within his peculiar district 
who are or may be taxed for that purpose to attend, undertake and 



Hosted by 



Google 



IftO PUBLIC RECORDS [December, 

carry on the needful! repairs of the highways in such district, in sucli 
way and manner as he shall specially direct ; and in case such inhab- 
itants or any of them so warned as aforesaid shall refuse or neglect a 
punctual compliance therewith, it shall be the duty of such surveyors 
respectively to hire and employ proper persons to effect such necessary 
repairs in due season and shall take and make out a particular and 
fair account of all such services of such particular persons in repair- 
ing said highways according to orders and to his acceptance and the 
same present and certify to said selectmen to be, by them adjusted 
and orders for payment drawn on the treasurer of said town. 

And it is farther resolved, That this liberty an(f authority shall be 
and remain to said town of Glastonbury during the pleasure of this 
Assembly; and if the said town shall not grant and raise money 
sufficient to defray the expence of repairing the highways therein, then 
and in that case said highways shall be further and sufficiently 
repaired by force and directions of tlte general laws of this State 
respecting the repairs of highways; anything in this act notwith- 
standing. 

Upon the memorial of Jedidiah Strong, in behalf of the inhabitants 
of the town of Litchfield, shewing to this Assembly that said inhabit- 
ants in legal town-meeting authorized and instructed him to make 
application for liberty and authority for said inhabitants to tax them- 
selves for the purpose of repairing highways in said Litchfield ; pray- 
ing for such liberty &c. as per memorial on file : 

Seaolved hy this Assembly, That liberty and authority be and the 
flame is hereby granted to the inhabitants of said Litchfield to tax the 
polls and rateable estate within said town to raise such sums of 
money as they shall from time to time judge necessary and sufficient 
to repair all public highways within said township, and annually or 
from time to time as occasion may require by the selectmen or a com- 
mittee by said town appointed for that purpose divide the highways in 
said township into particular districts and assign to each surveyor a 
certain proportion thereof to be repaired and maintained under his 
special care, oversight and direction, who shall in the most convenient 
and proper season give notice at least three days beforehand to all the 
inhabitants living within his peculiar district who are or may be taxed 
for that purpose to attend, undertake and carry on the needfull repairs 
of the highways in such district in such way and manner as he shall 
specially direct; and in case such inhabitants or any of them so 
warned as aforesaid shall refuse or neglect a punctual compliance 
therewith, it shall be the duty of such surveyors respectively to hire 
and employ proper persons to effect such necessary repairs in due 
season, and shall take and make out a particular and fair account of 
all such services of such particular persons in repairing said highways 
according to orders and to his acceptance and the same present and 
certify to said selectmen to be by them adjusted and orders for pay- 
ment drawn on the treasurer of said town. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 161 

And it IS further resolved. That this liberty and authority shall 
be anfl remain to said town of Litchfield during the pleasure of this 
Assembly ; and if said town shall not grant and raise money sufficient 
to defray the expences of repairing the highways therein, then and in 
that case said highways shall be further and sufficiently repaired by 
force and directions of the general laws of this State respecting the 
repairs of highways ; anything in this act notwithstanding. 

Upon the memorial of Mathew Pickerton and James Pickerton, 
both of Londonderry in the State of New Hamshire, shewing that they 
have for a long time carryed on the linen manufacture and disposed 
of large quantities of linen in this State, and praying for liberty to 
purchase and carry out of this State five thousand weight of flax for 
the purpose of carrying on the manufacture aforesaid, as per memorial 
on file: ResolTed by this Assembly, that liberty be and the same is 
hereby granted to each of the memorialists, severally, to purchase 
and carry out of this State two hundred pounds weight of flax for the 
purpose aforesaid. 

Upon the memorial of Robert Moor, of Londonderry in the State 
of New Hamshire, shewing that the crop of flax in those parts has the 
last year been very much cut off ; that he has made a long and ex- 
pensive journey to this State for the purpose of procuring a quantity 
of that article, being ignorant that an embargo was laid upon it, and 
praying for liberty to purchase and carry out of this State two thou- 
sand weight of flax to said Londonderry for the use of the inhabitants 
of said town, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, 
that liberty be and the same is hereby granted to the said Robert 
Moor to purchase in and transport out of this State four hundred 
weight of flax for the purpose aforesaid. 

Upon the memorial of Elkanah Sears, of Chatham in the county 
of Hartford in the State of Connecticut, executor of the last will and 
testament of Joseph White late of Chatham in said county, deceas'd, 
shewing to this Assembly that the debts due from the estate of said 
deceas'd surmount the personal estate of said deceas'd the sum of 
^7 18 0, L. money, for which no provision is made for the payment 
thereof, and praying that some suitable person might be impowered 
and appointed to make sale of so much of the lands of said deceas'd 
as shall raise the said sum of £^ 18 0, L. money, with the incident 
charges arising thereon &c., as per memorial on file : Resolved by 
this Assembly, that Elkanah Sears of said Chatham be and he is 
hereby appointed and impowered to make sale of so much of the lands 
of said deceas'd as shall raise the sum of £1 18 0, L. money, together 
with the incident charges arising on such sale, for the purpose of 
making full payment of the debts diie from the estate of said deceas'd ; 
taking the direction of the court of probate for the district of Midle- 
town therein. 

Teste George Wyllts Secref. 



Hosted by 



Google 



162 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [December, 

At a meeting of the Governok and CoDNorL of Safety, Middletown,. 
December 20th, 17Y6. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Benj. Huntington, 

Jabez Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, 
Wm. Williams, Tho' Seymour, 

Titus Hosmer. 
Voted, That Col. Phillips, Mr. Jauncey and his two eons, (viz:) Messrs. 
James and William Jauncey, Mr. Miller, Mr. Walton, and Mr. Hugh Wallace, 
in Middletown, and Messrs. Eeed and Palmer, in Windham, all from the 
State of New York, be permitted to return home upon their giving their 
parole not to give any intelligence from us to the enemy; not to take up 
arms, nor to do or say anything against the United States of America, and 
to return back to this State upon being requested or called for, and remain 
under the direction of the Governor and Council of Safety. 

Voted, That Mr. Munro, who was sent here by the Albany committee, be 
permitted to return to his family upon giving his written parole not to give 
any intelligence, nor do or say anything against the United States of Amer- 
ica, and that he will return to this State again by the first day of March 
nest and remain under the direction of the Governor and Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Governor and Codncil of Safety Decbmbeh 25"', 
1776, AT Middletown. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Jabea Huntington, Benj. Huntington, 

Wm. Williams, Tho. Seymour, 

Wm. Hillhouse. 
Voted, To refer an account of Col. William Pitkin to the Committee of 
Pay-Table for adjustment, and to draw on the Treasurer for what they shall 
find justly due &e. 

Voted, That Messrs. Burting Waddle Corsey Whitehead Betts and 
be permitted to return to their plaees of abode ia the State of N. York, 
upon their giving their parole in writing not to give any intelligence, nor do 
or say anything i^ainst the service of the American States, and return back 
to this State on being requested. 

Voted, To permit Terrence McDermott, a prisoner of war in this State, 
to go to N. York on his parole for thirty-one days, and then to return and 
deliver himself up unless within that time he obtained the liberty of some 
gentleman of equal rank in the American service in exchange for him &c. 

At a meeting o 

Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, 
Wm Williams, Benj. Huntingtoi 

Sundry ofEcers were appointed in the continental service instead of others 
that refused, as appears by the lists and arrangements. 



\ Esq". 



Hosted by 



Google 



1776.] OP CONNECTICUT. 158 

[This entry is from tLe Council Book 1770-1774, p. 87.] 
At a meetikg of the Governor and CouKcaL op the State op Connec- 
ticut AT MiDDLETOWN, THE 27TH DAY OP DECEMBER, 1776. 

Present: Honorable Jon'" Trumbull, Esq'' Governor. 

Honorable Matthew Griswould, Esq', D. Governor. 
Jabez Hamlin, Esq', Wm. Pitkin, Esq', 1 

Elislia SheJdon, Esq', Sam" Huntington. Esq', > Assistants. 

Jabez Huntington, Esq', Wm. Williams, Esq', ) 

This Board do appoiat Jabez Huntington, Esq', to be Sheriff of the 
county of Windham* 

The said Jabez Huntington, John Clark, Esq', of Lebanon and Capt. 
Ebenezer Mosley of Windham, appeared before tbe said Governor and 
Council and acknowledged themselves joyntly and severally bound in a 
recognizance of one thousand pounds, lawfull money, payable to the Treas- 
urer of this State, that the said Jabez Huntington shall faithfully discharge 
his said ofBce of sheriff a:Ccordingto law and the commiseion given him and 
answer all such damages as any persons shall sustain by the un faith fullness 
or neglect of said sheriff or any of his deputies in the execution of said 
office. 

Jon™ Trumbull. 
The oath by law required to be taken by sheriffs were administered to 
the said Jabez Huntington before the Governor and Council. 

Test. Wm. Pitkin Clerk. 

At a meeting or the Governor and Council op Safety, Middletown, 
December 30th, 1776. 
Present : Hia Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Jabea Huntington, Wm Hillhouse, 
Wm. Wilhams, Thos. Seymour. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay- Table for £3500, in favour of Capt. John 
Deshon to dispose of in the service of this State and render his account. 
£3500. Order if to Peter Christophers Dec" 31", 1776. 

Dec' 31" 1776. The Council of Safety ordered the clerk to draw on the 
Treasurer for twenty pounds of gun-powder, in favour of Dr. John Dickinson, 
for the use of proving musquets. An order was drawn Ih<f SV\ 1776, and d' 
to Dr. John Dickinson. 

At a meeting of the Governor and Cooscil of Safety, MmrLETOWN, 
Ja.suary first, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Jabez Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington,' [- Esq". 

Thos, Seymour, 



■* Id place of Eleazer FitcL, removed. Aa address to the Governor and Council, 
signed in behalf of nineteen members of the Assembly from Windham county, dated 
Nov. 25th, 1776, asking tor the appointment of Mr. Huntington as "a man whose 
principles are agreeable to the publiok and at no time suspected by the candid," is 
in Bei>. War, v, 40a. 



Hosted by 



Google 



154 COUNCIL OP BAPETT [JaauoTy, 

A memorial Irom the civil authority and selectmen and committee of 
inspection in New London, praying for liberty to purchase some part of the 
cargo of wheat which came in the continental ship to N, London for their 
family use. on account of the scarcity of grain, was read and Major Hillhouse 
is desired to treat with the memorialists on measures to supply the necessi- 
ties of the poor &c. 

Voted, To permit Henry Van Schaack, Esq'', to return from this to Kin- 
derhook, there to remain within that district untill the first day of March 
nest unless sooner called for, upon his giving his parole not to act, do or 
say anything to oljstnict or contravene or oppose the measures adopted by 
the American States to preserve their freedom. 

Memorandum. On the 25* day of December 177S the following accounts 
we^ put into the hands of the Pay-Table to adjust, viz: 

Thomas Powell vs, Greenough & Rice for £3 3 2 

Wm Pitkin vs. the State, for making powder, 84 8 

Jurishaddy Keys vs. Benj. Huntington on the State's ace' 6 

Town of Norwich vs. the Stale, for guns &c. 16 7 6 

Robert Usher's order for medicine to Dr. Lathrop, 11 14 3 

Nath' Backus vs. the State, for examining and coopering saltpeter, 3 « 9 

Stephen Ranney vs. the State, for carriages, blocks, &c. for the Minerva, 7 7 

Benj. Henshaw vs. the State, for sundry services and expences, 23 10 6 

At a MEKTixe of the Governor and Council of Safety, Mn/BLETOWN, 
Janpaey 2", 1777. 
Present: His Honor tbe Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor, 
Jabez Huntington, Thos. Seymour. 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington. 

Wm. Hillhouse, 
Consulted on sundry matters with regard to Gov. Franklin's memorial 
and filling up vacancies of officers &c. 

At a meeting of the Governos and Codncil of Safety, Middlbtown, 
Jandaby 6™, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Jabez Huntington. Titus Hosmer, ) Wo^r, 

Wm, Williams, Benj, Huntington, ( ^^^ " 

A letter from Gov', Franklin to Gov' Trumbull on the subject of his 
being suffered to return to his family as has been allowed to some other 
gentlemen who were sent here as Being enemies to this country, remonstrat- 
ing in terms more sharp than decent against Gov' Trumbull's neglecting an 
' answer to a former letter of his on the same subject, was read. The matter 
of his being permitted to return &c. being taken up and considered, the 
Council unanimously advised his Honor not to grant Gov Franklin's request 
at this time of distress in the State of New Jersey; and a letter in answer 
to Gov' Franklin's said letter was ordered to be drawn by Col. Williams 
and others. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. ' 155 

At a MKETiNo OP THE Governor and Col-ncil of Sapbtt, Middletown, 
Janhaby 8", 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor, 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Williams, I. p r, 

Jz. Huntington, Benj. Himtin'gton, f ^ 

Resolved, To write to Capt. John Deshon, to turn his attention to a ship 
belonginj^ to Messrs Brown Deniaon and Stewart, in Stonington, and if in 
his opinion she is a suitable vessel for the importation of salt, to charter one 
half of her for a voyage under command of George CofBn, or whoever sbail 
be agreed on, to the Bahama Islands or where it shall be thought best, pat- 
ting such cargo on board as will best answer the purpose consistently with 
prudence, and in particular to make use of all means in his power to import 
all the lead, sulphur and flints that can be obtained, and to transact and ex. 
ecute the necessary contracts for the purpose aforesaid; keeping accounte &c. 
Letter toTote to be sent. 

Voted, To give an order on the overseers of the furnace in favour of the 
ship Oliver Cromwell for two hundred band grenades and one ton of swivei- 
sbot, a quarter less than those already sent from the furnace to that ship, if 
on hand, or to cast the same if consistent with the casting of cannon. 

Order drown Jan" 9'\ 1777. Ifi to Mr. Hemkaw. 

Voted. To give an order on the overseers of the furnace at Salisbury in 
favour of-the selectmen of Norwalk for two four-poundesrs and four three- 
pounders of cannon, for the defence of the town of Norwalk agreeably to a 
resolution of the General Assembly. Order d" to Dr. Betls Jany 9* 1777. 

Voted, To let Justus Miles return to his family at New Milford for one 
fortnight upon his parole not to give any intelligence nor do anything 
against the measures taken by this or the United States of America to pre- 
serve their liberty. A permit wa? given &c. 

Voted. To draw on the Committee of Pay-Table for £2 8 0, in favour 
-of Joseph Howell, for sundries supphed for the galley Whiting. 

Order drawn Jan' 9^, 1777. D* io Capt. Bice. 

Voted, To purchase of Capt, James Rice two cannon at N. London upon 
his making out an account thereof at £100 0, N. York currency, and 
signing a receipt for the same when received. 

Ac<f made out aitd order drawn JarD' 9", 1777, d* to Capt. Rice. 

Voted, To permit the sloop Katherine. burthened 100 tons, navigated 
with 8 men, to sail for Bourdeaux with 300 casks of flax-seed. 

Voted, To permit the sloop WilVam, burthen y5 tons, Peter Bontacou 
master, navigated with 8 men, to sail for Bourdeaux with 270 casks of flax- 
seed. 

Voted, To permit the brig Sally, 120 tons, Christopher Hugbes master, 
to sail for France with flax-seed and 5000 staves. 

Voted, To permit the sloop Farmer, 70, John Miller master, to sail with 
12000 staves to the foreign West Indies. 



Hosted by 



Google 



156 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [January, 

At a meeting of the Goverhob and Codncil of Safety, Middlbtown, 
January IC", 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Eenj. Huntington. 

Jz. Hnntington, Thos. Seyjnour. 
Wm. Williams, 
Lt. Sam" Bartram of the brig Defence is dismissed from bis office on 
account of his infirmity. 

Sam" Smedley is promoted to be First Lieutenant of the brig Defence 
instead of Lt. Sam" Bartram dismissed. 

Henry Billings is appointed Second Lieutenant of the brig Defence 
instead of Sam" Smedley promoted. 

Bebee is appointed Master of the brig Defence instead of Josiah 
Burnam resigned. 

Voted, That orders be given for the brig Defence to sail on a cruise for 
three months, and that in case Capt. Harding is unable to sail the first Heu- 
tenant to take the command, '-. .._; 

Orders to be given for distribution of the last prize taken by the brig Defence. 
Voted, That discretionary orders be given to the commander of the 
Defence to join with other privateers if thought best in an expedition against 
the vessells and wood-cutters at Shelter Island. 

At a mbbtino op the Govbenor and Codncil of Safety, Jandahy 1.^™, 
1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Benj. Huntington. 

Jabez Huntington, Wm. Hillhouae. 
Wm. Williams, Thos. Seymour. 

Titus Hosmer, 
The Council attended to the appointment of several officers in the contin- 
ental army. 

His Honor the Governor is authorized to draw on the person who hatti 
sulphur at Bedford for one ton, in favour of Col. Wm Pitkin and Mr. Doo- 
little, to be equally divided between them and to be replaced by said Pitkin 
and Dohttle, 

Advised on the best method to supply the officers of the continental bat 
talions with money at the present to inlist their men. 

Abraham Hand, Jeremiah MiDer, and a negro named Jack belonging to 
Col. David Mulford and now in the care of Capt. Cochran, are voted to have 
a permit to return to Long Island. A permit was given. 

At a meetino of the Governor and Council of Safety, M. 
Jasdaky 16", 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer. Benj. Huntington. 

Jabez Himtington. Wm Hillhouse. 
Wm Williams. Thos. Seymour. 

Titus Hosmer. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 167 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of one thousand pounds, 
in favour of Ebenezer Ledyard, Esq', commissary at Groton, to enable him 
to support the troops there. 

Order d* to Col. Thos. SeymouT Javy 16, 1777. 

Voted, To purchase all the blankets and the suitable white linens im- 
ported in the Dutch vessell at N. London, also fifteen pipes of wine if to be 
tad at a reasonable price, also shirts and stockings, and medicine to be 
chosen by the doctors, and such other articles as are necessary for supplying 
the army with arms, ammunition, refreshments &c., excepting gunpowder. 
And Messrs. Nath' Shaw jun' and Andrew Huntington ar 
purchase the same for the publick as reasonably as they can. 

At a convention op the Governor and Councii. of Safety of the Statk op 
Connecticut held at Middletown on the 17th dat of January, 1717. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
■ Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, ^ 

Jabez Huntington, Thomas Seymour, 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, 

Titus Hosmer, j 

Voted, That Nath'' Shaw jun' be and he is hereby impowered and 
instructed to negotiate an exchange of the following prisoners: 
Robert Hunter, captain of the Gaspe sloop. 
Michael Stanhope, midshipman do. 
John Kent, Clerk James Cox. 

Wm Kent, Duncan Mackfarthing. Frederick Robertson. 

Wm Allen, James Lilley. Peter Oring. 

John Shaw, Charles Patterson. 

John Birfeley. John Barber. 

And in case an exchange cannot be effected, that he take their parole to 
return back again to this State immediately in the same vessell without 
going on shore. 

Voted, That Bez&lell Hudson be and he is appointed Ensign and Com- 
mandant of the guards about the goal in the county of Hartford, 

Voted, That the selectmen of Middletown be directed to deliver to Oapt. 
Blackman twenty blankets by them collected on the lists, for the use of his 
company, and take receipt and lodge the same with the Pay-Table. 

Messrs. Elijah Hubbard and Joseph King exhibited their account of sun- 
dries supplied lor the furnace at Salisbury, amounting to £67 15 10, which 
is allowed and ordered to be paid. Order d* to Mr. Hosmer. 

Voted, That Hez" Fitch, Esq', be and he is hereby appointed one of the 
committee for carrying on the furnace at Salisbury, and to act in conjunction 
with Messrs. Benj. Henshaw and Wm Whiting. Copy d* to Mr. Hosmer. 

Voted, That Col. Joshua Porter be directed to deliver over the possession 
of the furnace at Salisbury with all the utensils and appurtenances thereof 
for cannon -foundery and other work, with all the ware and stock in his 
hands belonging to this State, into the hands of Messrs. Benj. Henshaw, 
Wm Whiting and Hea" Fitch, Esq', and that an order be drawn for that 
purpose. Order d' Mr. Hosmer. 

Voted, To permit Joseph Osbom to return to Long Island with his family. 



y Google 



158 COUNCIL OP SAFEir [January, 

At a meeting of the Govbhnob aud Council of Safety, Lebanon, Jan- 
uary 21", 1177. 
Present : Hie Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Wm Hillhouse, 
William Williams, Nath" Walesjun', 
TituB HoBmer, Benj. Huntington, 

Jed" Elderkin, 

Sundry matters concerning the raising the continental battalions were 
this day in agitation, and vacancies of offices in tliose battalions filled up. 

At a hebtino of the Governok and Council of Safety, Jandaby 22", 
1777, 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Jabez Huntington, Ben]. Huntington, I 
Wm. Williams, Jed" Elderkin, VEsq". 

Titus Hosmer, Wm. Hillhouse, ) 

Duncan Stewart, Esq', is permitted to go into N. York on his parole not 
to give intelligence or do anything against the interest of the United States 
of America and to return in three months. 

Ebenezer Halt of Fairfield was brought before his Honor the Governor 
and Council of Safety by virtue of a precept from the civil a\ithority, select- 
men and committee of inspection of the town of Fairfield, as being a person 
dangerous and inimical to this and the United States of America, and being 
so adjudged by said civil authority &c. he was sent here that tbe place of 
his confinement might be determined &c. The said Hall being fuUy 
instructed by his Honor the Governor in the nature of the dispute between 
Great Britain and these States and of the measures that have been taken by 
the Colonies, and by this in particular, to prevent any rupture or disaffection 
between this and the mother country long before the commencement of any 
hostilities, declared himself fully convinced of the justice of the American 
cause, that he never before was acquainted with the state of the dispute or 
the measures that have been taken to prevent the shedding of blood &c., and 
that he at present has wholly altered his mind and is clearly and heartily of 
opinion that the Americans have good right to take up arms as they have 
done and to fight in their own defence against the attempts of Great Britain 
to enslave or subjugate these States. 

Whereupon il is resolved. That the said Hall shall be permitted to return 
to his family at Fairfield, there to remain in his own business, upon his giv- 
ing bond to the Treasurer of this State in the sum of one thousand pounds, 
with condition that if the said Hall shall well and truly return to said Pair- 
field and Stratford and dwell and abide within and not depart out of the 
limits of said towns of Fairfield and Stratford, and shall do or say nothing in 
prejudice of the interest, or rights of this or any of the rest of the United 
States of America, and shall not bold any correspondence with or give any 
intelligence to the enemies of the said States, and shall repair to any place 
hereafter assigned by the Governor and Committee of Safety of said State 
upon requisition, then said bond to be void, or else to remain in full force 
and virtue. Bond taken Jan' 2^, 1777- 

Oapt. Isaac Tomlinson of Woodbury was sent here by the civil authority, 
selectmen and committee of inspection in said town of Woodbury, as being 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OT CONNECTICUT. 159 

a person dangerous and inimical to this and the rest of the United States of 
America, and being ao adjudged by said civil antbority &c. he was sent here 
that the place of his confinement might be determined &c. And now the 
said Tomhnson, being by his Honor the Governor better instructed than 
ever before in the nature of the dispute between Great Britain and these 
States and of the measures that have been taken by the Colonies, and 
by this in particular, to prevent any rupture or disafiection between this- 
and the mother country long before the commencement of any hostilities, 
declared before this Council that he never before so well understood the 
state of the dispute or the measures taten to prevent the shedding of blood 
Sic, and that he has no inclination to injure the rights of these States or 
interrupt the measures taken to defend the same by any means whatever. 

Whereupon it is resolved ly the Governor and Council aforesaid, That the 
said Tomlinson be and he is hereby permitted to return to his family at 
Woodbury and to remain in his own business within the limits of the towns 
of Woodbury and Derby, upon his giving bond to the Treasurer of this- 
State in the sum. of one thousand pounds, with condition that if the said 
Tomlinson shall well and truly return to said Woodbury and Derby and 
there dwell and abide within and not depart out of the limits of said towna 
of Woodbury and Derby, and shall do or say nothing in prejudice of the 
interest or rights of this or any of the rest of the United States of America, 
and shall not hold any correspondence with or give any intelligence to the 
enemies of said States, and shall repair to any place hereafter assigned by 
the Governor and Committee of Safety of said State upon requisition, then 
said bond to be void, or else to remain in full force and virtue. 

Bond taken January S^, 1777. 

Several hours were spent in considering of and appointing ofScers to sup- 
ply vacancies in the 8 battalions for continental service. 

Ar A MiETiNa OF THE GovEBNOR AND COUNCIL OF Safety, Janoart 23", 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, 1 
Wm. Williams, Jed* Elderkin, I tj-s « 

Titus Hosmer, Nath" Wales jun', f ^ ' 

Wm. Hillhouse, J 

The fore part of the day waa spent in preparing letters to send to Gen. 
Washington and others. 

Voted, To supply Gen. Schuyler with eight cannon, ISpounders, four 
nine-pounders, ten sis-pounders, seven four-pounders, ten three-pounders, at 
the furnace, and shot in proportion. 

A letter was sent to the overseers of the furnace Jan" 2^, 1777, f»r the above 
purpose. 

A letter was received from Gen. Washington of the tenth instant, 
informing of his late successes in the Jersey and wishing to have our quota 
of forces filled up this way. that they might lie at the eastward of N. York 
to divert the force of the enemy manifestly aiming at Philadelphia &c. 
Dated Jan' 10"*, 1777. 

A letter was also received from President Hancock, urging the utmost 
dispatch in filling up our quota of the continental army &c. Dated Jan' lO"", 
177'J. 



Hosted by 



Google 



160 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [January, 

A letter was sent to the Committee of Safety in the Slate of N. York 
concerning the imbargo and hcence or power given by the Governor to John 
Canfield, Esq', to permit West India goods &c. to pass out of this State into 
that of N. York for the use of the inhabitants or army. 

A letter was sent to Gen' Washington per Major Wyllys concerning ex- 
change of prisoners and account or return of prisoners sent from this to 
Newport for exchange. 

At I 

Preseitl: His Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Wm. Hillhonse, ^ 

Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, I j, 

Titus Hosmer, Nath" Wales jun', r *^ ■ 

Jed'' Elderkin, J 

William McDermot, a lieutenant in the 16'*' regiment in King George's 
army, a prisoner in this State, is permitted to return to N. York on his 
parole to return back to this State in fourteen days unless he procure the 
exchange of Lt. Elisba Hopkins of Hartford to be made for himself, which 
said Hopkins is a prisoner to King George's army in N. York, and out on 
his paroie. 

State of Conxecticut, Lbbanox, Jan» 24'", 1777. 
By the Governs and Council of Safety. 

Whereas it is represented to this Board "by the committee of inspection 
for the town of Durham, that Mr. Ralph Isaacs of New Haven, a person 
adjudged inimical to the rights and cause of America, having been by order 
of the General Assembly removed from said town on account of his inimi- 
cal disposition and is now by order resident in said town of Durham, that 
they apprehend great inconveniences will arise, and much in the minds of 
the friends of the American cause, by his being at large in said town and 
suffered to retail rum &c.; praying that he may be confined within certain 
limits in said Durham &c. 

Resolved by this Board, That James Wadsworth jun'', Esq', Messrs, Israel 
Caihp, James Arnold, Elnathan Camp, Phineas Spelman, Daniel Hall, and 
Stephen Norton, committee of inspection for said town of Durham, be and 
they are hereby authorized and appointed a committee to have the conduct 
and oversight of said Isaa«s and to propose, assign and limit the bounds and 
extent within which in their opinion said Isaacs reasonably ought to be cir- 
cumscribed and kept, and the same properly point out, describe and certify 
under their hands to his Honor and this Board as soon as may be for their 
consideration and establishment, and in the mean time acquaint the said 
Isaacs with the limits assigned by them as aforesaid to which he, said 
Isaacs, is strictly to conform and carefully abide within the same untill the 
same may be considered by this Board; and said Isaacs to have no inter- 
course with the inhabitants of said Durham more than is necessary for the 
support of himself and family on the penalties which may follow. And said 
committee are further directed to take the proper and legal steps to take and 
seize for the use of this State any quantity of rum which said Isaacs may 
have in possession or the property of ; which is or may be brought into said 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 161 

Durbaip for sale or'designed to be disposed of, and the same examiDe and 
safely dispose and keep lor the use aforesaid, and certify their doings in the 
premises as soon as may be that the same may be duly paid foi" according 
to law, and further steps be taken concerning him, said Isaacs, which m&y 
"be just and right and tending to promote the publick peace and the defence 
and safety of this and the United States, 

Capt. Asa Kinne, Capt. Ebenezer Moseley and Capt. Benajah LeffiogweJl 
are appointed to be Captains of companies to serve in the State of Khode 
Island &;c. untill the first day of April next according to the agreement of 
the Convention of committees from the N. England States lately held at 
Providence and ratified by the Assembly of this State. 

Considerable part of this day was spent in consulting on several matters, 
■viz : how to supply the continent with some warlike stores, applied for by 
the hand of Col. Stewairt, and providing for the batteries at N. London &c., 
and raising troops to serve at Rhode Island &c. 

Kalph Watson, & tory from the northward who has been in the keeping 
of the committee of Preston, is permitted to return home to Allenton on his 
I)arole not to do or say against the interest of the American States, and to 
return again in case the commictee of the place where he belongs sees cause 
to order him back. 

At a meeting of the Governor akd Codkcil op Safety January 25", 
1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor, 
Jabez Huntington, Jed" Elderkin, 
Wm. Williams, Wm. Hillhouse, 

Titus Hosmer, Nath" Wales jun', 

Benj. Huntington, 
Consulted on the afiairs of the tory convicts &c. 

Gave a letter of credit to Col. Stewart for ordnance stores &c. to the 
Massachusetts &e. 

Sent letters to the captains appointed to serve in Rhode Island, to repair 
here and take orders &c. 

Voted. To suffer John Betts. Nathan Fitch, Stephen Keeler, John Rus- 
ted, Jacob Scovil, Josiah Seeley, Isaac Hubbard, James Smith and Benj. 
James, convict tories confined in Lebanon and Coventry, to return to their 
respective homes on giving sufficient bonds for their good behaviour, not to 
give any inteliigence or do or say anything against the rights and interest of 
the United States of America. 

Orders were given to the sheriff of New London County in the words 
following, viz : Sir : You are directed with the assistance of Capt. Ephraim 
Bill, to collect all the bills of espences of condemnation, storage and sales 
arisen on the prize ship Sally and prize schooner Hannah and Elizabeth and 
their cargoes and see them duly and reasonably adjusted and paid, and state 
the accounts of those prizes, counting on the prices of articles sold at vendue, 
articles taken by apprizal, and articles taken at the legal prices for publick 
use, and after deducting for the commander in chief one twentieth part of 
the neat proceeds of each of said prizes according to the resolve of Congress, 
pay one third of the remainder of each of those prizes to the agents of the 

Vol. XVI.— 11 



Hosted by 



Google 



162 COUNCIL op SAFETY [January, 

crews of their respective captors, vtz : the crewe of tbe brig Defencf and the 
schooner Spy, upon the agents producing proper powers of attorney to 
receive the same; taking proper receipts therefor. And you are to make 
o\it your accounts for settlement with tbe Governor and Council of Safety as 
soon as may he. 



Present: His Honor the Governor. 
EJiph' Dyer, Esq', Benj. Huntington, "1 

Wm. "Williams, EsqS Jed" Elderkiti I , 

I'itus Hosmer, Esq\ Wm. Hillhouse { 
Nathi Wale J 

Many persons present and applications about sundry n 

A certificate and letter from Thad' Burr, Esq\ that Lt. George Burr, who 
was by the Assembly in Dec' last appointed lieutenant of the company of 'iO 
at Fairfield, declines the service &c., and thereupon this Board do appoint 
Mr. Isaac Burr to be Lieutenant of said company. And commission given. 

It being represented by said Lt. Burr, that the No. of 20 men allowed 
by the Assembly at Fairfield is too small for the many services they have to 
do, that their cannon are double fortified I'i-pounders, too heavy to be 
managed by them, and that they have reason to expect a visit from the 
enemy &;c. : On consideration of all the circumstances, and that no deputies 
for that town was present when the Assembly acted upon that matter, and 
the apparent need &c., this Board consider and allow five men more to be 
added to the number of 20 to be stationed at the battery in said town, for 
the term of 1 year from the I^' of January instant. 

Eben' Holly, Elliot Green, Jonathan Husted, Josiab Seely, Benj. James, 
Isaac Hubbard and Jacob Scofield of Stamford, and Nathan Pitch, James 
Smith, Gold Hoit, Stephen Keeler, Gold Hoit and JoTin Betts of Norwalk. 
convict torie^, are permitted to return home upon their giving bond of 
£1000 each to the Treasurer for their good behaviour, and not to give any 
intelligence nor do or say anything against the interest of the United States 
of America; and a letter was written to Col. Ab™ Davenport informing him 
of the conditions of their returning home. 

Dr. Benjamin Ellis is appointed Surgeon to the brig Defence, his pay to 
begin the ■20'" of Dec', IT76, when his service began. 

State of Connectiout. 
By the Governor. 
To Captain Ebenezer Mosley, Esquire : Greeting. 

Whereas the Genei-al Assembly of said State, in their sessions at Middle- 
t6wn by adjournment on the 19'" day of December last, did resolve that 
1092 men should be raised in this State and sent to join the army at Provi- 
dence under the command of Major General Spencer, as the quota of this 
State in the same, and did desire and impower the Governor and Committee 
of Safety to carry said resolve into execution : And whereas the Governor 
and Committee of Safety have resolved, in pursuance of said resolve of 
Assembly, to raise three companies of militia to serve untill the first day of 
April next by voluntary inlistment, and that they shall have and receive the 



y Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT, 163 

same wages and allowance as the continental troops do receive, and also a 
bounty of twenty shillings to each non-commiasion'd officer and soldier, and a 
premium of four shillings for arme and accoutrements and three shillings for 
a. blanket, and liave appointed you, the said Bbenezer Mosely, Esq'', Captain 
of one of said companies ; These are, thei'efore, to authorize and command 
you to inljst a company of able-bodied effective men for the service afore- 
said, consisting of four Serjeants, four corporals, one drummer and one fifer, 
and seventy-six privates, as soon as may be by beat of drum or otherwise. 
And I do hereby, on behalf of this State, promise and engage that they 
shall have and receive the encourajifenients above mentioned. 

■ Given under my hand in Lebanon this 27'" day of January, A.D. 1777, 

The above is a record of the orders given and signed by his Honor the 
Governor. The same orders being also given to the other captains appoint- 
ed for said service, and the resolves of the Governor and Council of Safety 
referred to in the foregoing orders were passed this 27'" day of January, 
1777, and wholly contained in said orders. 

Joseph Burgis is appointed First Lieutenant of the company to be under 
command of Capt. Eb' Moseley, to serve in the State of Rhode Island untill 
the first day of April next. Joseph Carew is appointed First Lieutenant of 
the company to be under command of Capt. Benajah LefBngweU, to serve in 
the State of Rhode Island untill the first day of April next. 






1 GoYERNOB AND CouNCii. OP Safety J. 
1777, 



28th, 



Present : His Honor the Go^ 
Bliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, I 

Jabea Huntington, Nath" Wales jun"^, [ jj „rs 
Wm. Williams, Benj, Huntington, ( ^ 

Jed" Elderkin, J 

Lazarus Beach, Andrew Pairchild, Nathan Lee, Enos Lee, Ahel Burr 
of Reading, and Thomas Allen of NewTown in the county of Fairfield, being 
tory convicts and sent by order of law to be confined in the town of Mans- 
field, to prevent any mischievous practices of theirs, having made their 
escape and being taken up and remanded back to his Honor the Governor 
and this Council to be dealt vrith &c. : Resolved and ordered by the Governor 
and his Council aforesaid, that the said Lazarus Beach, Andrew Fairchild, 
Nathan Lee, Enos Lee and Abel Burr be committed to the keeper of the 
goal in Windham within said prison to be safely kept until! they come out 
thence by due order of the (General Assembly or the Governor and his 
Council of Safety, and that they pay cost of their being apprehended and 
being remanded &e. allowed to be £25 3 0, dinners Us. £25 14 0. Milti- 
mus granted Jann 28'^, 1777. 

An order was given to the committee of prisoners at Mansfield to take a 
bond of John Sanford, (a person confined in Mansfield, an enemy to this 
country.) for one thousand pound, conditioned that whereas the said John 
Sanford is found guilty of being inimical and dangerous to this and the rest 
of the United States of America and ordered to be removed and sent to the 
Governor and Committee of Safety to have his place of residence assigned, 
and hath for some time resided in Mansfield according to said order, and 
now moving for liberty to return to . Reading for the settlement of his 



Hosted by 



Google 



164 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [January, 

mother's estate, and promising his good behaviour: Now if the said John 
Saoford shall well and truly return to said Reading, dwell and abide within 
and not depart out of the limits of said town, and shall do nor say nothing 
in prejudice of the interest or rights of this or any of the rest of the United 
States of America or any of the measures pursuing by them for their defence, 
and shall not hold any correspondence with or give any intelligence to the 
enemies of said Statra, and shall repair to any place assigned by the Gov- 
ernor and l.!ommittee of Safety of this State upon requisition, then tlie 
foregoing bond to be void, else to remain in iuU force and virtue; and upon 
his executing said bond to give said John Sanford a permit to return to 
Beading without molestation &c. 

Robert Lewis is accepted and established Captain, David Weils Lieuten- 
ant, and Phinehas Sherman Ensign of a company of volunteers raised in 
Stratford to join the continental army kc, and their i 



I Beard is established Captain, Daniel Chatfield Lieutenant, and 
John Humphrey Ensign of a company of volunteers raised in Derby to join 
the continental army, and their commissions granted. 

Orders were given to Capt. Wm. Coifc of the ship Oliver Cromivell to 
order all his ofQcers and men on board said ship to duty and fit said ship for 
sailing with all possible dispatch, and to land four of the guna on board said 
ship and put them into the care of Mr. Nath' Shaw jun", taking his receipt, 
and as soon as the crew of said ship are collected to make return of them 
that further directions may [be] given for said ship to proceed to sea. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of £25 U 0, in favour of 
John Slater, constable of Waterbury, it being for the expence of guarding 
and transporting six runaway Eories taken up at Waterbury and returned 
here by order of authority. Order d" to John Slater Jan'' ^5", 1777. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for £150 0, in favour of Capt. Wm. 
Coit, to enable him to proceed on his cruise. Jon"' Trumbull made an order, 
Mr. Huntington gone. 

The Rev'' Mr. John Sayer of Pairfleld being sent here by the civil 
authority and selectmen of Fairfield as a person inimical and dangerous to 
this and the United States of America, that he might be ordered to some place 
for his confinement : Resolved, that said Sayer be sent to the parish or 
society of New Britain in Farmingtown, to be under the care of Col. Isaac 
Lee and not to depart out of the limits of said society of New Britain untill 
further orders from the General Assembly or the Governor and Council of 
Safety. 

At a MBETi.iG OF THE GovEHNOH ANH Council of Safety, January 31st, 
1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer. Wm. HiUhouse, 

Jabea Huntington, Nath" Wales jun'', 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington. 

Jedii Blderkin, 
Consulted on the afiair of cloathing the continental battalions raising in 
this Colony. 

Sundry letters from the chairman of the Council of War in Providence, 
Gen' Green, Gen' Oliver Woolcott and others, were read. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 165 

Voted, To draw on Prosper 'Wetniore, Esq', for £383 7J, in favour of 
Capt. Robert Niles, captain and commander of the schooner 6^y, in settle- 
ment for the schooner's accounts to the fi"* day of January, 1777. 

Order drawn Jan* 31", 1777, £S8S 7^, d* to Capt. Mies. 
Voted, To draw on Prosper Wetmore, Esq'', for £100 0, in favour of 
Capt. Robert Nilee of the schooner Spy, and to be in account. 
Order drawn and d^ to Cu.pl. Niies Feb^ S^, 1777- 

The affair of the spreading of the small pox was taken into consideration, 
and bow to prevent that infection by the hands of mischievous persons being 
farther propagated, and advised that his Honor the Governor publish a 
Proclamation setting forth the dangers of spreading the same at present 
against law and without regulation and at this season, of the year &c., with 
encouragement that the matter and expediency of setting up inoculation 
under good regulations shall be referred to the consideration of the next 
May session of the General Assembly. 

Many persons in, and about a variety of questions. Arrangement of 
officers. The danger of the small pox spreading &c. &c. 



At a meeting op the Governob and Counch. of Safety Febbuaby 1st, 
1777. 
Present ; His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 

Jabez Huntington, Nath" Wales jun', 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, 

Jed" Elderkin, 

Mr. John Mix of Farmingtown is appointed Ensign of Capt. Wm Judd's 
company in Col. "Wyllys's regiment, and a certificate is sent by said Mix to 
the Secretary. 

A letter from Gen' Washington was received and read, pressing the 
necessity of a speedy filling up our quota of troops &c. 

Daniel Allen is appointed Captain of a company in Col. Durtee's regi- 
ment, instead of Oliver Babcock deceased. 

Return Jon"' Meigs is appointed Major of Col. Wyllys's regiment in the 
continental service. 



: Governob and Codncil ( 
1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor, 



Eliph' Dyer, 
Jz, Huntington, 
Wm. "Williams, 
Jed" Elderkin, 



. Hillhouse, 

Nath' Wales jun'. 

Benj. Huntington. 



Voted, To give Beriah Badcock an order to Dr. Elderkin to deliver out 
cloath enoiigh for a great coat and receive his blanket in exchange : Bad- 
cock pajdng the odds in money. Order drawn Feb. S', 1777. 

Voted. To write a letter to Thaddeus Burr, Esq', to secure ten tons of 
good well dressed flax for the use of this State. 

Voted, That an advertisement he put into the N. London paper, notify- 
ing those people that design to purchase flax at the westward for their own 



Hosted by 



Google 



166 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [February, 

use to apply for the same speedily, ttat the surplus of that article in this 
State may be disposed for the good of others. 

Voted, To permit Charles Barret of New Ipswich to purchase eighteen 
hiindred weight of flax in the county of Fairfield and transport the same 
out of this State, 

Voted, To draw on the Pay- Table for £80 0, in favour of Capt. Jabea 
Perkins, for money advanced by him for the publick in transporting wheat 
to the mills to be floured, and to be in account. Order drawn Fei^ 3'', 1777. 

Oliver Blood, of Ashley iu the State of Massachusets, is permitted to 
purchase in the county of Fairfield and carry out of this State to said Ash- 
ley eight hundred pounds weight of flax. 

At a meeting of the Governor &c. Tdksday 4 Febhijahy, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, Wm, Hilhouse, 1 

W"' Williams, Jed^ Elderkin, [ Esq". 
Nath' Wales, ) 

Col. Jed. Huntington present and moving to fill up and supply sundry 
vacancys of officers in his regiment for continental service &c., and good 
deal of consideration had about it, and the vacancys supplied, and the stafi 
officers appointed &c. &c. 

A memorial was yesterday presented by Ralph Isaacs, brot by Messrs. 
Chauncey and Ingersol, and urged by them, that he may be inlarged . from 
the limits assigned him in Durham by the committee of inspection, complain- 
ing of the house as bad and shattered and his limits unreasonal)le &c , and 
praying relief, or that he may b d t some other town. The com- 

mittee of inspection also sent t m d representation of their doings 

and the limits they had assign d h & by Mr. Crane, directed also to 
vindicate their conduct &c. Ad 1 g hearing and consideration, is 

considered and ordered, that h b d t "Wallingford under the direc- 

tion of the civil authority and 1 tm t be kept in some one of the 
soeietya in said town, under su h git '^ were given concerning him 

at Eastbury by the Assembly O t b It And the proper orders, let- 
ters and instructionB were m d t d i livered to Mr. Chauncey and 
Crane, and they dismissed. 

Many letters and other matte d d considered &c. 

Several transpositions and appointments of officers also considered and 
made &e. And adjourned to Thursday nest. 

At a MEETfNG &0. THURSDAY FEBRUARY 6th, 1777. 

Present : His Honor the Governor. 

Hon*'''^ Deputy Governor Griswold. 

Storm, cold, very high wind. ■- tt *■ '™f„ 

N, W. Extreme change from if- Hunt ngton, 

yesterday rainy and warm. Wm. Williams, ^ Ksq'■^ 

Jed. Elderkin, 
Nath'i Wales, J 
Letter from Gen. Schuyler, expressing his great and almost certain ex- 
pectation of Tyconderoga being attacked soon as the ice permits &c., and 
pressing for men &c., considered and discoursed. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 167 

Letters from Providence &c. 

Application from D. Q. Gren' Lovat of ProvideEce for 1000 bushel of 
■oats, for supply of. the army there &c. On consideration permitted 400, 100 
being granted before. 

Appointed Thos. Gxosvenor, Esq', Major of Col. Wyllye's r^ment in 
room of Maj. Biggelow resigned. 

V ariety of persons and applications from and for &c. 

Appointed Tinao. Cleaveland Second Lieutenant in Capt. Webb's cona- 
pany instead of Ab" Wright, who was before promoted. 

Many things diacouraed, being moved by sundry persons. 

Examined and allowed an account of Judah Alden for going express to 
Gen' Wasfaington with letters about the exchange of prisoners &c. latter end 
-of Nov. or Dec, last, at the rate of 1 Os. p^r day, considering the extra risque in 
the Jerseys at that time &c. 26 days. £14 7 expence, £5 horse hire, and 18s. 
for horse left at Hartford &c. Total £33 15 

On a representation by Nathan Stark and Gardner that a number 

of men lately detatcbed irom the '25th regiment for N. London, by order of 
Assembly, having refused to Join, and have been forcibly taken &c. &c. 
praying advice: Whereupon the following resolve is passed, via: This 
Board being advised that sundry persons who were detatched in the 3'', 8'", 
12"", 20'" and 25"' regiments of militia by special order and resolve of the 
General Assembly begun and holden at Middletown on the 18'" of Decem- 
ber last, to be marched and placed at and about New London for the defence 
and safely of this State, not to be holden for more than two months, have 
refused ever to join their corps or to marcb to New London in pursuance of 
said order, and that on sucb refusal Colo. Throop the commander of said 
detachment has sent a flie of men and by force taken and carried off to New 
London sundry of such persons detatched and refusing as aforesaid, which 
has occasioned some dispute with respect to the legality of such a proceeding, 
and application being made to this Board for advice therein; Wliereupon it 
is considered, that this case being in consequence of a special act and order 
of the General Assembly necessary for the immediate safety and defence of 
the forts and garrison at New London, and does not come under the former 
or late acts of Assembly respecting fines and penaltys upon refusal in case 
of detatchment &c., and therefore the commanding officer is waiTanted to 
inforce the order of Assembly, and thereupon those properly detatcbed ought 
X)eaceably to submit as a special case which seldom happens. But if any 
person has been detatched who is not of the mOitia and exempt by reason of 
age, being more than of the age of forty-five years, which by the law then in 
force exempted a person of more than that B^e from serving in the miKtia, 
that such person if then more than 45 years he excused and another 
person of the same company be detatched and ordered to New London in 
his room and stead to join the militia under the command of Lt. CoL Dyar 
Throop on that station. Ot^ given Nathan Stark. 

Appointed Icha. Hinckley Captain in the room of Capt. Perrit in captiv- 
ity. Co). Webb's i-egiment. 

No. of persons applying for permits for flax and rye &c. Sundry granted. 
Letters begun to Gen. Washington, Congress &c., and adjourned. 



Hosted by 



Google 



168 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [February, 

Met again Pbvday, 7th. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Hon. D. Governor Griswold. 
Elipt Dyer, Wm. Williams, 1 

Jz. Huntington, Jed. Elderkin, V Esq". 
Nath' Wales, ) 

Officers applying &c. 

Voted and appointed David Trumbull to provide axes, augres &o. &c. 
requested by Col. Stewart, employed by a committee of Congreas, and that 
an order be drawn on the Treasurer for £55 in his favor, to procure steel 
at Providence for tliat purpose. And 28 Feb. ordered the £55 to £100 
instead, and order given 28 Feb. 

Letters preparing for Congress and Gen. Washington &c,, and applica- 
tions about sundries. 

Gen' Parsons came in, moving about cloathing &c. 

Appointed Lt Thos. Abbe (who was of Swift's regiment) to be Captain 
instead of Grosvenor, promoted to be major. — Wyllys's regiment. 

And Sylvanus Perry, who was second lieutenant in Chandler's regiment, 
to be Firat Lieutenant instead of said Abbe now in Wyllys's, which said 
Perry was in Chandler's regiment, to be First Lieutenant instead of Abner 
Robinson in Wyllys's, resigned. 

Charles Mill First Lieutenant, instead of Lc. Abby promoted, in Swift's, 
regiment, Elderkin's company. 

Phin" Grover, who was ensign of said company, to be Second Lieutenant 
therein and Richard Abbe Ensign of the same. 

And Josiah Child to be Captain in Bradley's regiment in room of Capt. 
Ben. Cutler resigned in Bradley's regiment, and Edw'' Palmer Ensign of the 
same. 

This Board do appoint Lt. Samuel Smedley to be Captain of the brig 
Defence belonging to this State for the present cruise on which she is bound 
instead of Cap. Seth Harding who is unwell and is to be considered as disen- 
gaged from and unconnected with said brig, or anything relative thereto, 
for this present voyage or cruise. 

And appointed James Angel Third Lieutenant of the abovesaid brig^ 
Defence, for the present voyage or cruise. 

PasB'd the following resolve &c,, on motion of Gov. Griswold, viz: 
Voted in Council, That the guard of fifteen men ordered to be kept near 
the mouth of Connecticut River in Lyme under the command of Ens. Jn° 
Griswold be removed to attend duty at Black Point in Lyme, unless the 
selectmen and authority in Lyme shall judge it expedient a part of them 
should attend at some place between Black Point and the mouth of Connec- 
ticut River, in which case said selectmen and authority are hereby direct- 
ed to give orders to said ensign relative thereto, who is ordered to attend 
the same accordingly. Said guard are to be careful and vigilant to prevent 
all communication between Long Island and the main, and to seize and hold in 
custody all boats and other water-craft attempted to be used for that purpose 
(without a legal permit) and to arrest all such persons in whose possession 
such water-craft is found, and carry such person before proper authority to 
be examined and dealt with accordingly. 

Copy given the D. Governor. 

Many things discoursed he. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] op connecticut. 

At a meeting &c. Saturday, 8th Februaby, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Blip' Dyer, ^ 

D. Gov. gone Jz. Huntington, I 

to Litchfield vfm. WiDiams, 

Bupenor court. j^^^ Elderkin, 

Nath' Wales, 

Several letters in answer to Woodbury committee, who sent a prisoner 
to apply for exchange &c., and sundry others. 

Granted permit to Dan' Payn for 6 oxen to R«hoboth. 
Nath Child 6 do. to Roxbury. 

for 100 bus. rye. 
Preserved Abel 100 c. pork, of and for Rehoboth fitc 
Letters to Congress, Gen. Washington, Gen. B.eath, Gen. Grften, &c. &c 
dispatched by a Congress post, now returning, who has waited two days by 
order &c. 

Brown, post, now returned from Congress with a number of letters and 
resolves Iroin Congress, from Delegates &c. &c., having left Baltimore last 
Thursday week. Set from Hartford 3 weeks since. 

An application for arms &;c. by Cap. Keenee ordered to raise a company 
for Providence. 

Resolved, That the selectmen of the respective towns to which the com- 
pany raised by Cap. Asa Keenee belong, be and they are hereby directed to 
provide necessary arms and blankets for said company in the respective 
towns to which they belong, and have them apprized by indifferent men 
under oath, and the same deliver to said Cap. Keenee or his order for the 
use of said company, and take his receipt for the same. 

Copy given Lt. Brown of said company. 
On resignation of Lt. Billings of the brig Defence, pass'd an order 
empowering Nat. Shaw, Esq', to appoint a proper person to be second lieu- 
tenant in his room. 

Gave order on Sheriff Wetmore to pay out of the money in his hands 
belonging to this St.ate as marshall of the admiralty court, to pay Cap. Asa 
Keenee £80, toward paying his company &c., computing what he has already 
lent said Ke«[iee ae part of said £80, taking receipt. 

Order d^ Li. Brown of said company. 
Col. Sam" Wyllys is present, moving for cloathing and arms for his 
battalion : Whereupon, on consideration, 

Resolved and ordered, That Mr. Chauncey Whittelsey, commissary &c., 
deliver to Col. Sam' Wyllys of one of the continental battalions raising in 
tbis State or his order, cloathing made up or such quantity of cloth and 
other Articles in his hands purchased for soldiers' cloathing and other neces- 
saries for making them as he, said Colo. Wyllys, shall from time to time 
stand in need of for cloathing the soldiers inlisted or to be inlisted into his 
battalion, keeping a true and proper account of the quantity, description and 
value of the articles bo delivered, and taking proper receipt therefor; he, 
said Wyllys, to be accountable. And Mr. Whittelsey is directed to make 
up soldiers' coats and trim the same for uniform agreeable to the d^ire of 
Col. Wyllys. and to send to this Board a full account of all the articles he 
hath provided. 



Hosted by 



Google 



170 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [February, 

And on consideration relative to Fire Arms, 

Resolved, That whereas firearms are wanted to furnish the continental 
battalions raising in this State, and whereas a number of arms belonging to 
this State and to the United States are lodged in this Colony or State: You 
are therefore hereby ordered to deliver Colo. Samuel Wyllys, for the use of 
his battalion, all such flre-arms and accoutrements belonging to this State or 
to the United States which are lodged with you or any of you, or are in your 
custody, not exceeding a sufficient number for said battalion bo fast as they 
are raised, exclusive of the arms belonging to the Governor's Guards, taking 
his receipt therefor, distinguishing to whom they did belong and from whom 
and how received, and such receipts lodge with the Committee of Pay- Table 
at Hartford. 

To whom it may concern in the towns o£ Hartford, Middlctown and 
Wethersfield. Copy d' Col. Wyllys. 

This Board do appoint Ralph Pumroy Pay-Master of Col. Wyllys's 
regiment. 

Resolved, That Sam' Gray, Esq, hold in his custody all the continental 
cloth or cloathing now in his possession till further orders from this Board; 
and that he transmit to said Board an exact account of all such articles 
which is or may be lodged in his hands. 

On motion &c. permitted Janies Underwood, of Litchfield in N. Hamp- 
shire, to purchase in Fairfield county &c. 2234 lb. flax. 

And to Capt. Wm Aild, of Merrimack, to purchase in said Fairfield 
county to 2000 lb. flax. 

Col. Chandler came in, not time to do his business. 

Adjourned to Monday next. 

Monday Fbbbuahy IOth, 1777. Met accordikg 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, (near noon,) Jed" Elderkin, ; 
Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales, 

Wm. Williams, 

Granted a permit to Phin' Gleason, of Westborough in Massachusetts, to 
purchase 600 pounds of flax in Milford or in the county of Fairfield, for the 
use of the people there, the embargo notwithstanding. 

Is suggested that a company at Stonington is raised by virtue of an act 
of Assembly at Middletown, which act was repealed, and that it impedes the 
raising the continental army &c. Is considered and discoursed. 

A number of officers came in with questions &c. and resignations, and 
much to say and do with them &c. and variety of consultation, that but few 
votes, and at 9 o'clock, the constant hour, adjourned tOl tomorrow morning. 

Tuesday, Febrpahy 11th, met according to 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
A snowy morning and Blip" Dyer, 



proved a very unexpected 
severe large snow Btorni. 
Which lay without dimin. 



Jz, Huntington, 
L. Williams, 



ution about IS days. Jed. Elderkin, 

Nath. Wales, 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. ITl 

Examined and allowed a small additional bill of Cap. Job Winalow, for 
building and sundries for the row-galley Crane, £6 13 4 ballance, and 
Jrew an order on the Pay-Table for the same. 

Cap. Winslow waiting, and letters preparing for Gen. Schuyler by him, 
and number of papers. 

Also letters to authority &c. of Woodbury, in answer to them about the 
■ spread of the small pox &c. 

Alao to sundry gentlemen of Danbury, in answer to them about sundry 
valuable ofBcers &c. as they say, prisoners with Gen' How &c., that all possi- 
ble care and pains has been and wiU be taken to obtain the same &c. 

Cap. Shumwavako waiting having no subaltern ofBcers &c, and appoint- 
ed Selah Benton, "of or about Milford, his First Lieutenant, room of Westi 
Dan' Eldridge Second Lieutenant, room of Bozworth; Asa Brownson Ensign 
■of do., room of Stan: Prentice, non-resident. 

Voted. That Andrew FaircbiM, Abel Burr, Lazarus Beech, Nathan Lee, 
Bnos Lee and TTjomas Allen, persons judged to be inimical to the United 
States and now confined in Windham county goal, be dischai^ed from said 
goal on their parole, on their paying all the cost that was taxed against them 
by the Governor and Council of Safety as charged in the mittimus by which 
they were committed, viz.: £25 14 0, and all cpsfc that have since arisen and 
may anse in releasing them: the said Fairchild, Burr, Beech and Allen, to 
return to Mansfield iJhere to abide under the direction of the committee of 
inspection of that town agreeable to a former assignment of them to that 
town by said Governor and Council till duly released. Nathan Lee and 
Enos Lee are permitted to return home on their giving bonds for their good 
behaviour, and the sherifi of Windham county is directed to take aaid parole 
and bonds and receive the money for all said costs and to discharge said 
prisoners accordingly and to pay aaid £25 U to the Treasurer of tbis State 
taking his receipts, lodging one with the Secretary, and to pay the other costs 
out of the other money to whom due and make return to this Board of his 
doings in the premises ; and written orders are sent to said sheriff for the 
a,bove purposes 

Voted, That Seth Hall and Ebenezer Sturges, two of the prisoners con- 
fined in the town of Mansfield, be permitted to return home on their giving 
sufBcient bonds for their good behaviour ; and orders are sent to the com- 
mittee of inspection of the town of Mansfield to take said bonds and to grant 
them a permit to return accordingly. 

Order about Mark Prindle. 
Upon application by Mr, John Mareh the 3", of Litchfield, representing 
that Mark Prindle of Harwinton, who has been sent by order of law as a 
person inimical to the rights of America, to the care of his Honor the Gov- 
ernor, and been assigned to be kept at Mansfield in the county of Windham, 
stands bound to appear before the honorable superior [court] of this State 
now sitting at Litchfield, for breach of some of the laws of this State re- 
specting persons inimical to the libertys of America, and that he, said 
Marsh, is bail in a large sum for the appearance of said Prindle before said 
court, and praying that he may have liberty and authority to take said 
Prindle and have before said court in discharge of his bond as aforesaid : 
Resolved and ordered, that said Marsh be and he is hereby permitted and 
authorized to receive said Prindle at the hand of Capt. Amariah Williams 



Hosted by 



Google 



172 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [February, 

with whom lie is ordered to reside, and him safe keep, carry and convey to 
Litchfield and deliver to said superior court, in order to bis tryal on the 
matters for which he ie holden, and said Marsh to return and deliver said 
Prindle again to said Williams as soon as he shall be released hy said supe- 
rior court, unless by the sentence of said court he shall be so ordered and 
disposed of aa to put it out of his. Marsh's, power so to return him. 
Copy given, rf* said Marsh. 

Voted an order to the overseers of Salisbury furnace to furnish Mr. 

Thos. Biddle, the manufacturer of sulphur for this State, with twenty iron 

pots to be cast when least interfering with casting cannon ; and more if said 

Biddle shall chose to reduce tbe size heretofore ordered by the Assembly &c. 

And order given. 

Ool. Hall of Waliingford was here, on busineas about tories at said town. 
Took considerable time &c., and at 9 o'clock adjourned. 

Wednesday, 12 FEBBDAsy, 1777, met &c. 

Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, Wm. Williams, 1 

Jz. HuntiDgton, Jed. Elderkin, > Esq'*. 
Nath' "Wales, ) 

Letters prepared for the managers of the cannon foundery that the rum, 
paper, brimstone and blankets they want shall be sent to Cap, Tiley &c. 

To Cap. Squire, with orders to stop sending on cloathing towards N. 
York as our army wants at home, and to take care of quantity of pork he 
had purchas'd and is said to be damaged &c., and to send an account of 
cloathing &c. in his hands. 

Do. to Mr. Burr, to stop cloathing from going on &c. and to inform what 
there is &c. 

Do. to Jona. Pitch, Esq. of the same import &c. 

Mr. Herpin of Milford has, been several days waiting with accounts for 
bringing cannon &c. and erecting fort &c. at Milford, which have been ex- 
amined by committee of this Board last evening and is now on examination 
&s. allowed in part of the account by them charged and exhibited hut in 
full of what we allow &c. viz.: £95 10. And order given d' Mr. Sei-pin. 

This Board appoint Cap. Joshua Huntington of Norwich, to superintend 
and execute the building a thirty-six gun frigate for the United States, as is 
ordered by Congress. And by them authorized to appoint such superin- 
tendant, as signified by the President and Mr. Wolcott, rec* lately. 

Appointment d^ Oen. Huntington, redrafted and more amply as per [p. 1761. 

Gave order on Col. VV. Pitkin to supply Salisbury furnace with 28ZS. 
brimstone, they being in necessity &c. 

And also an order on Mr. Whittelsey at Middietown to furnish 20 
blankets for the same use, both to be deliver'd Cap. Tily of Hartford. 

Cap. Benajah Leffingwell applys for money to pay the premium of his 
company raised for Providence &c., and gave an order on the Pay-Table 
for £86 p, to be account. Order d''. 

And also an order to the selectmen of Norwich to furnish said Leffing- 
well with fire-arms, blankets, and accoutrements for said company, which lie 
cannot otherwise obtain. 

And many other matters to attend to, —and adjourned. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 173 

Thursday, 13th, mkt according to adjodbnmknt. 

Present: Hia Honor the Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, Jed. Elderkin, ' 

Jz. Huntington, Nath' Wales, 

Wm. Williams, p. m, Wni. Hilhouee, ] 
Lit. McCluer r^igDS his appointment. 

Col. Chandler here ; sundry officers &c. to be settled for him. 
Application by Capt. Grant for leave for Justus Miles to return home 
again &c, for sundry reasons appearing sufBcient. Permission is granted 
and given on his giving proper bond, and is referred to Esq. Wolcot of 
Windsor to prepare a bond, and to return when required. 

D' Cap. C. Grant. 
Good part of the time supplying vacant officers in Col. Chandler's r^- 

A great variety of apphcations from many persons, and adjourned to 
to-morrow morning. 

Fryday, 14 February, met AccoaniNBLY, 

Present: Hon''' the Governor. 

Elip' Dyer, Jed" Elderkin, 1 

Ja. Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, [■ Esq". 

Wm. Williams, and p. m. Benj. Huntington, ) 

Agreed last evening prepared in part, and this morning sent forward (by 
Cap. Mansfield,) letters via Providence to Messrs. Livingston and Trumbull, 
(who are agents for the continent now at Boston to purchase cloathing &c.) 
to obtain of them for the use of our soldiery, viz.: cloathing for 4 battalions, 
and moving that one regiment be of dark brown &c., and that Mr. Jona. 
Trumbull now there is to apply for the same &e. 

And also a letter to Mr. Trumbull, to apply for and endeavor to obtain 
of said Livingston and Trumbull cloathing for 4 battalions &c,, and also to 
purchase and obtain where they can be had good fire-arms, sufficient for 
four battalions ; and voted the following letter of credit to him, via.: 

Voted and resolved. That Jona. Trumbull ju', Esq', be and he is hereby 
authorized and fully impowered lo draw on the Treasurer of this State for 
any sum, and in favor of any person or persons, as he may think and find 
necessary and proper, in payment for any quantity of flre-arms, accoutre- 
ments and cloathing, which he may have occasion lo purchase in any of the 
N. England States, for the use of this State, and which' he is authorized to 
procure, and any such drafts shall be duly honored on sight. He, said 
Trumbull, to render his account to this Board. 

Sent by Cap. S. Mansfield to Providence. 

Appointed Timo. Taylor, who was ensign, to be Second Lieutenant of 
Cap. Hinckley's company (which was Perit's) in room of Lt. Judson Whit- 
ing deeeas'd, and Eufus Price Ensign of the same in room of said Taylor. 

Certificate given to Mr. West, who appli/'d- 6^ desire of Cap. Hinckly. 

Coi. Charles Webb applying about the £10 for his regiment &c. is 
deferred till a fuller Board &c. 

Col. ChMidler also, not' finished with yesterday, present, and filling his 
regiment as far as may be. 

Arranged Jn" Shumway Captain in Cap. Bacon's room, in Col. Hunting- 
ton's regiment. 



Hosted by 



Google 



174 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [February, 

Henry Hill First Lieutenant in Richards company, room of Ab™ Wrigbt 
resigned. Joel Gillet Second Lieutenant, in room of said Hill promoted ; 
in Col. Huntington's regiment; Paul Percival Adjutant of Col. Hunting- 
ton's regiment. 

Appointed Martin Kirtland Captain of a company in Col. W. Douglass 
regiment instead of Cap. Munson resigned. 

Granted a permit to Mr. Thos, Cooper, a commissary of stores at Mon- 
treal, and wife, to go to Gen, Scbuyler to be subject to his further orders, 
on his giving bis parole to the committee of prisoners at Hartford in usual 
form, to be indorsed on the permit now given, and authorizing said com- 
mittee, if they see cause, to permit eight Canadian prisoners at or about 
Hartford to proceed to Gen. Schuyler and be subject to his further orders. 

A permit was given to Mr. Munson Hoit, now resident at Stratford, to 
pass from this State to Jamaica on Long Island to visit his patron Mr. 
Christopher Smith and to take care of some particular business of his own 
and to return again to Stratford within thirty days, on his giving his parole 
to the civil authority not to give intelligence &c. i. e., on condition the com- 
mittee of Stratford, who know the man, think prudent and indorse the per- 
mit accordingly &c, 

Bildad Granger is appointed H'irst Lieutenant in Cap. Hall's company in 
Col. Chandler's regiment, and received his commission. 

Paul Brigham is appointed Captain in Col. Chandler's regiment, and his 
commission was sent by Col. Chandler. 

A permit was given to Mr. John Holstead to purchase six hh" sugar, 
one hh" rum, one chest of tea and fifteen hundred weight of coffee, in this 
State at the lawful prices, and carry the same out of this State for the use 
of the inhabitants of New Jersey. Febr, J9 ' the above permit was enlarged 
to six thousand weight of coffee. 

At a Meetiko op the Govbknoh and Council of Safety February 
15'", 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Jed^ Elderkin, 1 

Jz. Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, J- 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 
Cap. Ledyard and Capt. Palmer present, being sent for to consult with 
about raising matross companies. 

Voted, That an order be given on Gen. Jabez Huntington to deliver the 
chest of broken fire-arms in his hands, received from tiie ship OUver Crom- 
■well, to Wm Williams, Ksq'. or his order, who is directed to take care that 
the same are well repaired, fitted and kept for the use of this Stale. 

Voted, That Brigadier GJen. Parsons be desired to draw on Colonels 
Huntington and Durkee's battalions to the posts and forts at New London, 
Groton and Stonington, for defence at those places. That Lt. Colonel Dyer 
Throop, by and with the advice of Brig'. Gen'. Parsons, dismiss the militia 
at New London, and Groton in such manner and form as to maintain a 
sufficient number for defence untill the continental regiments arrive suf- 
ficient for that purpose. And it seems that there are more mihtia now at 
those places than are necessary, which on the consultation above mentioned 
are directed to be reduced. And further, Capt. Nathan Palmer is ordered 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 



17& 



to dismiss tbe company under his command at StoningtoE so soon as Gen. 
Parsons sball send to that place a sufficient number of the continental troops, 
for the defence of that post. 

Voted, To raise a company of matrosses to be stationed at Groton and 
Stonington in the service of this State untill the first day of February A.D. 
1778, unless sooner discharged. Said company to consist of one captain, 
one capt. lieutenant, two lieutenants, one lieutenant fire worker, three Ser- 
jeants, three corporals, one drummer, one flfer, eight gunners and 33 pri- 
vates. That the pay of the captain be £8 0, the capt lieutenant £6 0^ 
the lieutenants each £5 10 0, tbe lieutenant fire -worker £4 0, the Ser- 
jeants 50*., the corporals 46s., the drummer 4os., tbe iifer 45«., and the. 
gunners 44s. each, and tbe matrosses 43«. each per month. That each non- 
commission'd officer and private who shall engage and be accepted in said 
service shall receive a premium of 20b. and a further premium of 22a. each 
for finding and providing themselves with, a good fire-arm and accoutre- 
ments and a good blanket and knapsack to the acceptance of the captain, 
and in proportion for snch articles thereof as he shall find, and the blanket 
to be bis own property, and shall be entituled to receive one months advance- 
pay on his engaging in said service, and be subject to the rules and disci- 
pline of war and to such orders and rules as shall from time to time be 
given from the Genera! Assembly or from his Honor the Governor and 
Council of .Safety, or other their superior officers. That Capt. William Led- 
yard be and he is hereby appointed to be Captain of said company. 

Voted. That Col. Jed^ Huntington's battalion have cloathing of the red 
coats brought in in a prize vessell, which cloathing is partly in the bands 
and care of Dr. Sam" Gray of Windham and partly in tbe hands and 
care of Col. Sam" Webb at Weathersfleld, who are directed to deliver the 
same and take receipt to account. 

John Eipley, Esq', of Windham is appointed Major of the four compa- 
nies under command of Captains Ebenezer Mosely, Asa Kinne. Benajah 
Leffingwell and Sanford Kingsbury, Esq". 

At a meeting &c. Monday 17 February, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, Jed. Elderkin, 1 

Ja. Huntington, Nath' Wales, > Esq" 

Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 
Many motions &c. to attend to and consider. 

The Hono. Continental Congress having on the 2^'' of January, 1777, 
resolved that two frigate, one of 36 and the other of 28 guns, be imme- 
diately undertaken in the State of Connecticut; and whereas the Marme 
Committee on the 28 of January, 1777, ordered that Col. Wolcott transmit 
to Gov. Trumbull the resolve of Congress of Jan*' 23" for building two 
frigates in Connecticut and that he impower Gov. Trumbull and bis Coun- 
cil to determine upon the places where they shall be built and to appomt 
proper places* to execute and superintend the business; and whereas Col. 
Wolcott by his letter of the 29'" Jan^ ulf has inclosed said resolve and 

*Sk!, q. persona J 



Hosted by 



Google 



1T6 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [February, 

order, and has in pursuance of the same impowered said Governor and 
Council for the purpose aforesaid : 

Now therefore, by virtue of the power and authority as aforesaid, the 
said Governor and Council have and do determine that one of said frigages, 
viz : that one of said frigates 36 guns, be built in the river called Thames, 
between Norwich and New London, and do appoint Cap. Joshua Hunting- 
ton of Norwich to execute and superintend the building of the same. 
Uop^ given, dated 2S"', as the appointment was then made, as per [p. 172.] 

Voted, To raise a company of matrosses to be stationed at New London 
in the service of this State untill the first day of February, A,D. 1778 
unless sooner discharged. Said company to consist of one captain, one cap- 
tain-lieutenant, two lieutenants, one lieutenant iire-worker, three serjeanta, 
three corporals, one drummer, one fifer, eight gunners, and thirty-three 
privates. That the wages of the captain be £8 per month, the cap. 
lieutenant £6 0, the lieutenants £5 10 each, the It. fire-worker £4 0, 
the Serjeants 50s., the corporals iSs., the drummer 45s., the gunners 46*. 
and the matrosses 43s. each per month. That each non-commissioned offi- 
cer and private who [shall engage and be accepted in said service] shall re- 
ceive a premium of 20s. and a further premium of 22s. each for finding and 
providing themselves with a good fire-arm and accoutrements and a good 
blanket and knapsack to the acceptance of the captain, and in proportion 
for such articles thereof as he shall find, and the blanket to be his own 
property, and sball be entituled to receive one months advance pay on his 
engaging in said service, and be subject to the rules and discipline of war 
and to such orders and rules as shall from time to time be given from the 
General Assembly or from his Honor the Governor and Council of Safety, 
or other their superior officers. 

And that Capt, Nath' Saltonstall be and he is hereby appointed Captain, 
Nathaniel Coit jun' Captain-Lieutenant, Daniel Starr Lieutenant, and Daniel 
Dee Second Lieutenant, of said company of matrosses, and Blakeney 

is Lieutenant Fire-Worker of said company. 

Voted, That Samuel Gray of Windham, Esq', deliver to Col. Jedidiah 
Huntington, Esq', colonel of a battalion raising for confinental service dur- 
ing the present war for three years, or his order, the thirty packages of 
cloathing in his hands taken in a prize, numbered 12, 15, 11, 16, 3, 1, 14, 
17, 9, 4, 20, 29, 30, 21, 16, 4, 13, 31, 30, 3, 6, 11, 7, 10, 17, 6, 13, 34, 6, 7^ 
as per invoice, taking proper receipt therefor. 

Order if to Gardner Carpenter Feh" 17'", 1777. 



Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Nath' Wales jmi'', '^ 

Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, ! „ 
Wm. Williams, Wm. Hillhouse, [• *^sq ■ 
Titus Hosmer, I 

Appointed Joshua Tilden Ensign of Cap. Paul Brigham's company. 
The Hon' Continental Congress Laving on the 23^ of Jan^', 1777, resolved 
that two frigates, one of thirty-six, the other of twenty-eight guns, be im- 
mediately undertaken in the State of Connecticut ; and whereas the Marine 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 177 

Committee on the 28'" of January ul^ ordered tbat Col. Wolcott transmit 
to Governor Trumbull the resolve of Congress of Jan? 23'' for building 
two frigates in Connecticut, and that he impower Governor Trumbull and 
his Council to det«rmine upon the places where they shall be built and to 
appoint proper persons to execute and superintend the biwiness ; and 
whereas Col. Wolcott by his letter of the 39"' of Jan' ulf has inclosed said 
resolve and order, and has, in pursuance of the same, impowered said Gov- 
■emor and Council for the purpose aforesaid. 

Now therefore, by virtue of the power and authority aforesaid, the said 
Governor and Council do determine that one of said frigates, viz : tbat of 
thirty-six guns, be built in the river called Thames, between Norwich and 
New London, and do appoint Capt. Joshua Huntington of Norwich to ex- 
ecute and superintend the building of the same ; and that the other, viz : 
that of twenty-eight guns, be built on Connecticut River at Chatham, and 
do appoint Capt. John Cotton of Middletown to execute and superintend 
the building of the same. 

Voted, To draw on Col. Wm. WUIiams of Lebanon, one of the commit- 
tee for procuring fire-arms, to deliver to Cap. Benaj. Lefflngwell or order, 
of Norwich, twenty-nine fire-arms with or without bayonets, for the use of 
Capt. Benajah LefSngwefl's company, taking his receipt to return the same 
to him and account for such as may be lost. Order d^ to Deacon Simon 
Huntington, selectman, Feh* 18, 1777. 

Voted, To draw on Capt. Joshua Huntington to deliver to the selectmen 
of Norwich 13 Colony arms in his hands, for the use of Capt. Benajah 
LefBngwell's company, taking the selectmen's receipt. Ordet d^ to Mr. Simon 
Huntington Feb IS"*, 1777. 

A permit was given to Sam' Coburn for 100 lb. w' of flax, and to George 
Cobum for 200 lb. w' of flax, and to one Blanchardfor 200 lb. w' of flax, to 
be by them carried out of tliis Colony to N. Hampshire, the embargo not- 
withstanding. 

Gideon Jiills is appointed First Lieutenant in Col. Charles Webb's 
regiment and Capt. Packer's company, instead of Sam' Webb who is 
absent. 

George Hubbard is appointed First Lieutenant in Capt. Hinkley's com- 
pany in Col. Webb's regiment, instead of James Belts. 

Theop' Munson is appointed or arranged Captain of a company in Col. 
Chandler's regiment in the room of Stephen Hall. 



At a Meeting of the Governor akd Council of Safety, PESRUARr 19" 
177'?. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph* Dyer, Jed"" Elderkin, 

Jabez Huntington, Wm, Hiilbouse, 
Wm. Williams, Nath' Wales Jun', ^ 

Titus Hosmer, Benj. Huntington, ^ 

A permit was given to John Lightbody to transport four bh'ds. of rum 
out of this Colony to tbe State of N. York, for the use of the inhabitants of 
Orange county. 

Dudley Wright jun' is appointed First Lieutenant, Solomon Tarbox 

Vol. XVI,— 12 



Hosted by 



Google 



178 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [February, 

Second Lieutenant, and Prentice Hoemer Ensign of a company in Col, Sam' 
Wyllys's regiment. 

Voted, To draw on tlie Pay-Table for the sum of £108 13 4, for 326 gal- 
lons of mm bought of Zabdiel Rogers and company, for the use of the can- 
non foundery at Salisbury, in favour said Rogers and company. 

Order drawn and d' to Dudley Woodbridge Fei' J9'\ 1 777. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for £.3 16 0, in fayonr of Hezekiah 
Eipley jua', for a journey and espence to Boston on continental business. 

An order df to Mr. Wales Feh» 19"; 1777, 

Voted and resolved, That the Committee of Pay-Table deKver to the 
Commissioner of the Loan OfBce for this State the certificates of the Conti- 
nental Loan Office that are or shall be sent into this State for the loan office 
here, and that they be directed to take of him dupbcate receipts tor the 
same and lodge one of them with the Secretary of this State, and transmit 
the other to his Honor the Governor to be forwarded to the Continental 
Treasurer, 

Also voted and resolved, That the Committee of Pay-Table receive of the 
Commissioner o( the Continental Loan OfBce for this State the contents of 
two orders drawn on said loan office by the Continental Treasurer in favour 
of this State: one dated Jan^ 6'", 1 777, for forty thousand dollars, for the use 
of this State, tor which this State is to account ; the other dated Jan'' 30"', 
1777, for 33,333J dollars, in payment of that sum advanced to Col. Sheldon 
at the request of Gen' Washington; and to indorse said orders as satis- 
fied in behalf of this State, and that they pay the sums so by them re- 
ceived to the Treasurer of this State, taking duplicate receipts for the same, 
and that they lodge one of said receipts with the Secretary of this State and 
retain the other in their hands, making proper entries in their accounts of 
the sums bythem received and paid over ae aforesaid. 

A motion being made to this Board by an officer appointed by this State 
in the new continental army, whether it is lawful and right to inlist soldiers 
out of any companies raised by order of this State upon particular occa- 
sions for the service of this or the neighbouring States for a short time or 
only for a few months : 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Board that any officer appointed 
by this State, or others who have a right to inlist soldiers for the continental 
service in this State, may and have right to inlist such soldiers who are de- 
tached or inlisted for a short time or only for a few months for a particular 
service into the continental service, and that such soldier so inlisted into 
the continental service be from that time discharged from tie particular 
service in which he was before engaged. And that .what bounty such sol- 
dier so inlisting into the continental service has received from the State for 
his encouragement to inlist in the sbort and particular service be deducted 
from the £10 bounty to be given by this State in the continental service 
in proportion to the time he has been engaged in the particular service, 
which is ^reeabie to the act of Assembly in such case provided. 

Andrew Fitch is appointed a Captain in Col. Durkee's regiment, instead 
of Capt. Abraham Tyler resigned. 

A permit was given to Capt. Giles Mansfield to transport six hogsheads of 
sugar to Peeks Kills at the desire of Gen' Arnold, for the use of the army. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 179 

At a meeting op the Governor and Council of Safety, Febeuaby 20™, 
1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Jedi- Elderkin, ^ 

Jabea Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, I p ^ 
Wra. Williams, Benj. Huntington, f^^ ' 

Titus Hosnier, Nath' "Wales jun', J 

Gave an order on Christopher Leffingwell and Wm. Coit to deliver one 
hogshead of the molasses called tory molasses to Joseph Abel, lor the nse of 
the furnace at Salisbury, taking the exact guage of the molasses and Mr. 
Abel's receipt, which are to be delivered to Captain Jabez Perkins acdRufus 
Lathrop, Esq'. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of £2 0, in favour of 
his Honor the Governor, for that sum advanced by him to one Benjamin 
Boss of Baltimore, who has been lately redeemed from captivity, to bear his 
expenses homeward. Order drawn and cf to the Ooif Fei' 20"', 1777. 

By the Governor and Council of Safety. 
Application having been made to this Board by Eaekiel Howell Daniel 
Howell and sundry other refugees from Long Island, friends to the country, 
praying for relief with respect to getting off their effects from said island to 
this State, as all intercourse with said island is prohibited by law &c 

Whereupon, it is considered and resolved, That the civil authority and 
selectmen of the towns of Say Brook and Stonington, in each of their respec 
tive towns, on apphcation to them in either of said towns by an\ such refugees 
for any boats or vessells to bring ofl any of their effects to enquire and 
obtain the best knowledge they can of the integrity of the persons so apply- 
ing, and being satisfied thereof they are hereby authorized and impowered 
to allow and licence any boats or vessells and hands to assist in bringing off 
goods or effects from Long Island to the main and any friendly persons dis- 
posed to remove from thence, any restraining act or law to the contrary not- 
withstanding; and also to afford any such suffering refugees all reasonable 
relief and assistance to obtain such boats or vessells or otherwise as their cir- 
cumstances may require, at their own risque and expence, using their prud- 
ent caution that no deceit be practiced under colour of such licence by any 
persons concerned or who may endeavor to avail themselves of an opportunity 
to devise or execute any mischief to these States. This authority to con- 
tinue during the term of six weeks, aqd that due return be made to this 
Board of the proceedings thereon. 

Jonathan Stone and EUsha Keyes are permitted to purchase and trans- 
port out of this State eight hundred weight of flax to Shrewsbury. 

Voted, To give an order on Messrs, Elderkin and Wales, in favour of the 
selectmen of Hebron, for 200 lb. of powder for their town stock. 

Sam" Granger is appointed Captain of a company in Col. Charles Webb's 
regiment, inst^d of Abiel Peas resigned. Benj. Holcom is appointed 
Second Lieutenant in said company. 

Voted, To direct Elijah Backus, Esq', to make another cannon: the first 
be mads having split in proving. 



Hosted by 



Google 



180 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [February, 

At a meeting of the Governor and Coukcil op Safety, February 21" 

1777. 

Present : His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Jed'' Elderkin, 

Jz. Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, 

Wm. Williams, Nath' Wales jun', 

Titus Hosmer, Benj. Huntington, j 

Whereas his Excellency Gen' Washington, by his letter to his Honor the 
Governor of the lO'** instant, hath signified that he finds it impoasible to 
keep the small pox from spreading through the army, and that he has there- 
fore determined, upon tbe most mature deliberation, to inoculate all the new 
troops that have not had that disorder, and that he hath given directions that 
Brigadier Gen Parsons superintend the inoculation of the continental troops 
in this State, taking it for granted that we should have no objection to so 
salutary a measure, upon which depends not only the lives of all the men 
who have not had the small pos but also the health of the whole army: And 
whereas it appears to this Board that the measure proposed by his Excellency 
the General is salutary and necessary, and that from the advanced season of 
the year and the near approach of the time when the army must take the 
field it is of the greatest importance that the same be carried into execution 
without the least delay, and that the time that must necessarily be lost should 
the General Assembly be called to deliberate upon and regulate the same 
would probably expose the United States to inconvenience and danger for 
want of these troops seasonably in the field: Therefore, altho it would be 
most agreeable to this Board to refer matters of so high consequence to the 
determination of the General Assembly, yet from the necessity of the 
case and as it appears to this Board to be weU within the powers vested in 
them by the acts of the General Assembly, 

Resolved, ordered and recommended. That the new raised troops in this 
State for continental service be inoculated with the small pox as soon 'as 
possible. 

And that the same may be done with as little danger and inconvenience to the 
rest of the inhabitants of this StaU as may be, it is/uTther reiolved, That the 
HonW^ Brig' Gen' Parsons be and he is directed to consult with the civil 
authority and selectmen of the several towns where he shall judge it most 
convenient to have said troops inoculated, and with their consent, advice and 
assistance, to provide suitable hospitals for that purpose, and that he pro- 
vide proper surgeons, nurses and attendants, and also give orders that neces- 
sary bedding, utensils, food, medicine and refreshments, be furnished to said 
soldiers in such hospitals, and that he give orders that proper guards and 
sentries be placed round such hospitals, to prevent any unnecessary com- 
munication with the persons infected from without and to prevent any in- 
fected soldier from wandering out of such hospital to expose the inhabitants, 
and also tbat such soldiers when convalescent be thoroughly cleansed and 
purified from such infection, both in their persons and clothes: all without 
expense to this State. 

Also voted and resolved. That the selectmen of the several towns in which 
such hospitals shall be be and they are directed, upon the request of Gen' 
Parsons, to afford him every necessary aid and assistance in the premises 
and to take the utmost care that the small pox be not spread from such 
hospitals; and that to this purpose they make such rules and orders for the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 181 

govemment and regulation o£ such hospitals ae they are enabled to do 
respecting the small pox or other infectious sickness by the statute of this 
State providing in case of sickness, under the pains and penalties in said act 
contained. 

Aho voted and resolved. That the families of such persons as shall let out 
their houses as hospitals for the purpose aforesaid may be inoculated therein 
witb the soldiers aforesaid. 

Also resolved and voted, That Gen' Parsons be directed to report to his 
Honor the Governor what progress he shall make in the business aforesaid 
fvom time to time, that any further orders may be given and measures taken 
to render the inoculation of said troops safe and effectual. 

Erastus Wolcott jun' is appointed First Lieutenant of Capt. Parsons's 
company in Col. Charles Webb's regiment in continental service. I^mothy 
White is appointed Second Lieutenant in the same company. Noah Phelps 
of East Windsor is appointed Ensign of the same company. 

Voted, To give an order on Dr. Joshua Blderkin to deliver to Col. Wm. 
Douglass or Lis order three hundred blew coats in his hands lapell'd witb 
ash colour ; taking receipt. 

Order drawn and d' Gem' Parsons Fel^ 21", 1777. 

Voted, That this Council desire his Honor the Governor to draw on 
President Hancock for twenty-five thousand dollars, in favour of Mr. Nath. 
Shaw juR^ on the credit of this State, together with a letter of advice of 
what we are advancing here in cannon and other things for the continent. 
Said 25,000 dollars to be in account with Mr. Hhaw, agreeable to his request 
in a letter this day received from bim. 

An order was drawn F^" SI" and d^ to Peter ChrUtophers for Mr. Shaw. 

Voitd, To grant a bounty of ten pounds to each non-commission'd officer 
and soldier who shall be inlieted and be accepted as being of the quota of 
soldiers to be raised in this State to make up the sixteen battalions ordered 
by Congress to be raised in the United States of America in addition to the 
88 battalions for three years or during the present war with Great Britain; 
which bounty of ten pounds is to be in addition to the continental encour- 
agement to be given to said troops in the same manner and for the same 
purpose as the bounty or premium of ten pounds which was given by tbe 
General Assembly at tbeir session in December last to the soldiers of the 8 
battalions ordered by Congress to be raised in this Colony as part of the 
88 battalions aforesaid. 

At a kbetino of the Governor and Council op Safety, Februart 
22", 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, J 

Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, [ Esq'", 
Wm. Williams, ) 

Voted, To draw on Prosper Wetmore, Esq', in favour of Capt. Seth 
Harding for tbe sum of £1000 15 G-J, in full settlement of said Harding's 
accounts and said Harding's receipt for that sum sard Witmore to be com- 
puted in bis favour in a settlement of his accounts with this State. 

Order drawn and d" to Capt. Harding Feb' 22*, 1777. 
Sundry letters to N. London conamittee, to Capt. Tracey, Messrs. Trumbull 



Hosted by 



Google 



182 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [February, 

and Livington he. Others were prepared and sent which took up the greater 
part of the forenoon. 

Voted, To permit John L. C. Rome, Esq', of New York, now confined in 
Norwich as a person disaffected and dangerous to the interest of the United 
States of America, to return to New York on his giving his parole not to 
do or say anything contrary to the measures adopted by the said States to 
preserve their rights and liberties as free and independent States, and that 
he will return ba«k and resign himself up to the care and custody of the 
sherifE of N, London county where he now is when thereto requested by the 
Governor and Council of Safety, or by the same authority that first ordered 
him here for conSnement. And Rufus Lathrop and Christopher Leffing- 
well, Esq", are hereby authorized and desired to take his parole in the man- 
ner and for the purpose aforesaid; which being done and properly certified 
by them he, the said Rome, is hereby permitted to pass into New York 
without molestation. (He behaving as becometh on the way.) Copy given. 

At a MEETING: or the Govehnor and Cooncil of Safety, Lebanon, Feb- 
ruary 24™, 1777, Monday. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
A N. E'? snow Elip' Dyer, "j 

A.M. not much. Wm. "Williams, 

Incijaaed to «» 6?,^^'"^ Titus Hosmer, 

heavy wind and fltorm ' 

tho not a rast deal of Jed- Elderkm, 

snow fell &c. JSJath' Wales, 

Various applications &c. 

On request of Mr. Andrew Huntington for a draft of 6 or 8 pounds for 
purchasing articles of cioathing &c., alledging that so much is due to Mm to 
ballance in that account, and moving for an order of Mr. Wetmore, marshall 
of the admiralty court &c. Voted, that an order be drawn on Prosper 
Wetmore, Esq', marshall of the admiralty court, and who has public moneys 
in his hands on account of sales of prize goods &c., in favour of Mr. Andrew 
Huntington for the sum of six hundred pounds : he to be accountable, on 
his commissary service for purchasing cioathing. 

Applications about matters &c. 

Large number of tories present, being allowed to come this day &c,, and 
permission was voted and granted Job Bamlock, Enoch Warren, Jos. 
Olmstead, and Richard Partrick, of Norwalk, residing at Coventry, and 
Frederic Dibble and Step" Wilson of Stamford, residing at Lebanon, to 
return home and remain untill recalled or sent back, on their having signed 
a full and ample declaration of the justice and the American cause, [with] 
profession of their friendship to it and readiness to take up arms in defence 
of it &c. &LC. 

A number of letters and copys prepared for Gen' Washington &c. 

At a meeting &c. Tuesday, 25 February, 1777, 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph. Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 1 

Wm. Williams. Jed'' Blderkin, i Esq". 
Nath' Wales. ) 

Three more torys, viz : Gardner Olmsted of Norwalk, Nath" Munday 
and Sam" Criasy of Stamford, came in and signed the same declaration 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 183 

as those of yesterday above mentioned, and were permitted in the same 
manner to return home. 

Letters preparing and copying for Gen' W, &c. 

Gen' Spencer came in from Providence &c., and moves, if practicable, 
to ha^e some further relief and assistance of men &c. to enable him to carry 
into execution the proposed plan of making an attack upon the island of 
Rhode Island, with a view to dislodge the enemy's troops posted there 
ka. kc, they having made great preparation for that purpose and fear they 
shall not be able to make the attempt for want of men. 

The matter talked, considered and consulted. 

Maj, Wyllys came in having been lately to solicit an exchange of him- 
self &c. and not able, has liberty if he can send Cap. Luke a prisoner in 
this State &c. 

On motion about Hubbard and Jn" Wilson of Stamford, tory 

prisoners residing in this town &c, voted, 

Whereas Hubbard and Ju" Wilson of Stamford in this State, 

who have been adjudged inimical to the rights and liberties of America and 
by order of law sent to reside and are now residing in the town of Lebanon, 
have frequently visited houses and persons infected with the small pox, and 
returned to and among other persons, houses and company not infected, so 
as to expose them, and thereby and by other conduct given fear, uneasiness 
and disquiet to many of the inhabitants of said town leat they have or sho'd 
communicate the infection of said disease, and having taken other libertys 
of travelling out of said town where they were to be confined &c. &c. ; It is 
resolved and ordered by this Board, that the said Hubbard and Wilson, and 
all others sent to this town in like circumstances, be and they are hereby 
subjected to the advice, direction and government of the selectmen of said 
town as to their residence, conduct and behavior, so long as they remain in 
said town and untill he or they shall be removed or otherwise disposed, on 
pain of imprisonment or such other punishment as may be ordered and 
directed by this Board. 

At a meeting or the Goveenoe &c. Wednesday, 26 February, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Elp* Dyer, Titus Hosmer, I 

A clear thawy j^ Huntington, Jed. Elderkin, V Esq". 

°^^- Wm. Williams, Nath' Wales, ) 

Dispatched Wm. Torry jun' an express to Gen' Washington with N". let- 
ters, and to Commissary Mease &c. &c. 

Maj' Wyllys moving to be exchanged for Cap. Luke &c. is referred till 
an answer be received from the General, to whom we now have wrote for 
his approbation of the proposal &c. 

Mr. Elsworth of the Pay-Table moving for instructions about paying the 
ilO bounty to our proportion of the 16 new proposed battalions &c., and 
the following prepared and passed, viz : 

This Board having voted and resolved that a bounty of ten pounds be 
paid by this State to so many of the non-commission officers and soldiers 
that shall inljst in this State into the 16 battalions ordered by Congress the 
27"' December last to be raised in addition to the 88 before ordered, as our 



Hosted by 



Google 



384 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [February, 

proportion of the same shall amount to at the rate of ooe to eleven, being 
the proportion of the 88 battalions assigned us by Congress, 

It is now voted and resolved, That our proportion of said i 6 battalions at 
the rate aforesaid is one thousand men. 

Abo voted and ordered, That the aforesaid bounty be distributed as fol- 
lows, viz : to non-commission ofBcere and soldiers belonging to this State 
who shall inlist into the battalion under the eoniinand of Co). Sam' B. Webb 
to the number of five hundred ; to the non-commission officers and soldiers 
of this State who shall inlist into the battalion of which Return Jona. 
Meigs, Esq. is appointed lieutenant colonel to the number of 250, and to 
the non-com mission officers and soldiers of this State who shall inlist into 
the battalion o£ which Thoe. Dyer, Esq', is appointed lieutenant colonel to 
the number of two hundred and fifty. 

And the Committee of Pay-Table are directed to draw on the Treasurer 
for said bounty to be advanced to the captains in said battalions that are or 
may be appointed in this State out of the same funds and under tlie same 
restrictions and regulations that they draw for the bounty granted by the 
General Assembly to the eight battalions before ordered to be raised in this 
State for continental service. 

Consultation about ways and means of furnishing succours to Gen' Spen- 
cer, according to his application and motion yesterday, and about many 
things. 

At a meetino &c. Thuksday, '27 Fkbbuary, 1777. 
I^esent: His Honor the Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, ) 

Jz. Huntington, Jed. Elderkin, tEsq". 

Wm. Williams, Nath' Wales, ) 

Consultation about the alarming accounts coming of the extortion and 
evasion of dealers in all West India goods especially, and the great difficul- 
ties bro't upon people by means thereof &c. 

And frequently interrupted by applications from others, letters coming 
in &c. 

And on Cap. Colt's motion &c. &c. and other recommendations &c. 
Jn" Harris is appointed First Lieutenant in Cap. Nat. Webb's company. 
Gen. Spencer came in again. 

Wm. Nichols is appointed Pay-Mas£er of Col. Swift's regiment. 
Gen' Spencer being disappointed of the troops he had been encouraged 
from B. Gen. Parsons seems doubtful whether he can possibly obtain men 
enow for his proposed expedition at New Port &;c., and goes back to Pro\i 
dence to learn what can [be] had from Massachusetts &;c , and if he shall be 
like to succeed, he is autnorized to call upon a number of ofScers at the 
eastern part of this State, to raise and bring on such numbers cf mpn aj, 
they can, and this Board engage they shall be paid &c., and the b-eneral is 
to write immediately what his prospects are and goes off on his return to 
Providence. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] 



OP CONNECTICUT. 



Mr. David Trumbull presented liis account as follows, viz : 




Lebanon, 1776. 










Dr. State of Connecticut in 


account with David Trumbull, 


Cr. 


To 174 Guns @ 52s. 8 








1775. Sep, 8, By Cash £100 


/O. 


per gun £459 


4 





1776. Jan. 29, By old 




To 12 do. 66s. 6 


39 


18 





horse, soldJona. 




To 2 do. bo't by order of 








Trumbull jr 2. 


0, 


Gov. and Council of 








[Ap. 12 By cash 150. 





Safety 


7 


2 





By 84 gun-locks 




Feb. 12, To p'' Sim" 








rec'* of Col, Sears 




Waterman for loss of 








@I2s. perL 50. 


8. 


saddle with Frencliman 


i 


10 





Ballance due, 2!2, 


16, 1ft 


Oct. 16, Top" Sam' Hunt, 












express to. 












Boston, 


3 


18 


6 






29, To p'' Asa Ed- 












gerton, express 












to Haddam 












and N. London, 


2 












1777. 












Jan. 12, To p" Moses 












Hyde for horse 












hire from Leb. 












to go to Col. 












Ward, Guil- 












ford, 40 miles 












@ 2i per mile. 





8 


4 






15, To p" Darius 












Waterman ex- 












press to Col. 












Champion, di- 












recting him to 












go to Provi- 












dence, 





9 









28, Top" Thos. Mar- 












sh a!, express to 












Col. Gallup's, 


0. 


15. 










il5. 4. 10 



£51i 



., 10 



Said account allowed, and voted an order to be drawn in favour of said 
Mr. Trumbull for the ballaoce £212. 16. 10. 

On motion the following is advised and voted, viz: 

Whereas sixty thousand dollars have been lately transmitted to me, the 
Governor of the State of Connecticut, by order of hia Excellency Gen' 
Washington, from Mr. Palfrey, pay-master general of the continental army, 
toward the premium granted by Congress te the continental troops raising 
in this State, to be dehvered out te the colonels of the said several bat- 
talions, I do, by and with the advice of the Council of Safety, hereby ap- 
point and authorize Mr, David Trumbull to receive said sum, and the same 
pay out and deliver to said several colonels, taking and keeping proper re- 
ceipts and accounts thereof : saving that twenty thousand dollars, part 



Hosted by 



Google 



186 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [February, 

thereof, is by express request of Gen' Washington already sent to Gen' Knox 
of the artillery. 

Done at Lebanon in said State the 27'" February, A.D. 1777. 

Signed Jon' Trumbull. 

A copy of the above motion and vote taken iy the Committee of Accounts, 
Dec. 27, 1786. 

Many other incidental matters consulted and no .vof«s about them. 

And adjourned a o'clock at night, the steady time. 

At a mebtikg &c. Fbyday, Fbbrdaky 28, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Extreme cold and windy. Elip- Dyer, Jed. Elderkin, "1 

Much changed from yesterday. J''. Huntington, Nath' Wales, > E^sq". 
Mr. Hosmer gone home. Wm. Williams, ) 

Benja. Brown, of Fishers Island, is moving for pay for the stock taken 
from thence last July, and the matter considered and compared &c., and is 
aUowed, and the following order and state is drawn on the Pay-Table, viz .- 

To the Committee of P. T., Hartford, 

Gent; The amount and value of the stock taken from Fishers Island in 
July last by order of Gov' and C. of Safety and direction of Gen' Wash- 
ington, to save it from the enemy, is and was by the apprizement of Messrs. 
Eb. Ledyard, Eb. Avery jun' and R. Mumford, iiSTO 3. Part of which, to 
the value of £272 6 0, was sold Col. Champion, for which he is to account 
to this State. Cash sent by the committee to the Governor, and by him 
paid to the Treasurer £339 3 0, — £5119. ITie ballance of loss, in sales 
and expences, which ought to be charged to the debit of the United States of 
America, £58 U. 570 3. 

Mr. Jno. Winthrop, administrator on the estate of Jno. Still Winthrop, 
Esq, dec"., certifies, 26 Feb. 1777, that Mr. Benj. Brown is under bond for 
the performance of his lease and accountable to the heirs of said deceased 
for the use and improvement of Fishers Island, the stock &c. 

You are therefore directed to draw on the Treasurer in favour of said 
Mr. Benja. Brown, for the payment of the abovementioned sum of five hun- 
dred and seventy pounds three shillings, in dischai^e of said account for 
the Fishers Island stock, and make entry of the several accounts accord- 
ingly, and call upon Col. Champion for the amount of stock by him pur- 
chasaj as aforesaid, and lodge with and charge the Treasurer. 

Consultations about bow and what can be done to check tlie extortion of 
the times &c, &c. 

Appointed Neh. Rice First Lieutenant in Cap. DaV Smith's company in 
Col. Chandler's regiment, and transposed Lt. Baldwin from that co. to Cap. 
Botstord's company in Col. Swift's regiment. 

On application' from Mr. Grifftth from Guilford &c. advised the Gover- 
nor to grant him a permit to go out with a vessell, with stores &c. and 5 
barrels pork and beef including vessell's stores, in order to bring in salt 

Voted, That Mr. Andrew Huntington, of Norwich, be and he is directed 
to purchase and procure fifty hogsheads of rum, West Indian or N. Eng- 
land, for the use of this State for supply of our troops according to the en- 
gagement of the General Assembly, and at a price not exceeding the sum 
set and bmited by law, and make report immediately whether he can obtain 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 187 

it or not ; and that Mr. Chauncey "Wliittelsey, of Middletown, do also pur- 
■chase one hundred hogsheads of W. I. or N. E. rum for the same use, and 
to report as abovesaid ; and that David Webb, of Stamford, purchase and 
provide also one hundred hogsheads of such W. 1. or N. E. rum for the use 
sLnd to make report aB aforesaid. 

Whereas his Honor the Governor received a few days since 60,000 dol- 
lars from Gen' Washington, towards paying the continental premiums, of 
which sum his Honor has by advice of the Council of Safety delivered five 
hundred dollars to Colo. Walter Stewart who is now at Boston, imployed by 
a committee of Congress to provide many articles and military stores for 
the use of the army : Whereupon the Committee of Fay-Table are directed 
to draw on the Treasurer for said sum of 500 dollars in favour of the Gov- 
■ernor, to replace said sums delivered said Stewart, and charge the continent 
for said sum advanced as aforesaid. 

Order drawn and eopy gtvsn. A copy taken hy the committee of account, 
Dec. 27,. ITSe. 

Prepared and voted the form of a Proclamation to be signed and issued 
by the Governor, to inforce the law for regulating prices he. 

Gen. Huntington to get printed at Norwich, 

And many things attended, to and about &c. &c. 

And adjourned to Tuesday next, 4"' March. 

TcESDAT March 4", 1777. 
His Honor the Governor. 
Wm. Williams, \ Esq" were present to attend on busi- 
Jed"" Elderkin, 1 ness, but for want of a quorum 

Nath' Wales jun', f were obliged to adjourn till to- 

Benj. Huntington, J morrow. 

At a meeting of the Govebnok and Codncil op Safety, Makch 
5™, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, 1 

Wm. Williams, Nath' Wales jun', [■ 

Jed'' Elderkin, Wm. Hillhouse, ) 

Voted, To draw an order in favour of Ool. Jed" Huntington on the se- 
lectmen of Norwich or Mr. Andrew Huntington, commissary of cloathing 
at Norwich, for thirty blankets for the use of the soldiers in his regiment. 

An order was drawn March 5^, J777, directed to the selectmen of Norwich, if 
they have or can have the blankets collected, or otherwise to Mr. Andrew Hunt- 
ington, commissary of cloathing. 

Large consultation about the practicability, and how &c. &c. to, effect an 
attempt on Long Island, to destroy forage &c. according to Gen' Washing- 
ton's proposal in letter to G. Parsons, who is also present. 

Voted, To give order to draw , off Col. John Ely from Providence to 
march to N. London with four companies of his men, there to wait further 
orders. 

Voted, To order Slessrs. Doolittle & Co., at New Haven, to deliver to 
the selectmen of Milford 1 30 lb. of cannon powder for the use of the fort 
there. Ordered d'' to Lt. Prudden March 5'\ 1777. 



Hosted by 



Google 



188 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [March, 

Eli Catlin is appointed Captain in Col. Heraan Swift's regiment, instead 
of Capt. Robert Walker engaged in the train of artillery. 

At a meetikg of the Gtovbrnor and Coukcil of Safety March 6th, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Jedi" Elderkin, 1 
Wni. Williame, Nath' Wales jiin', I Esq". 

Benj. Huntington, ) 

Joseph Fish is appointed a Second Lieutenant in Capt. Lee's company in 
Col. Durkeo's regiment. 

Orders were sent to Gen' Spencer to order Col. Ely with four oi his com- 
panies to N. London to wait further orders, 

A letter was sent to Col. Ely to notify him of his march, which is not to 
be delayed. 

William Fitch, a tory convict from Stanford now confined in Canterbury, 
is permitted to return to Stanford and from thence to Cant«rbury within 
twenty days, upon his giving bond with surety in the sum of £200 0, that 
he shall not do or say any thing against these States and return within that 
time, and a letter was written to the committee of Canterbury to take such 
bond. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for £540, in favour of Chauneey 
Whittelsey of Middletown on account of purchasing cloathing. 

An order was drawn March 6", 1777, and d^ to Mr. Whitieheij. 

At a meeting of the Governor and Council of Safety March 7th, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Jed" Elderkin, ) 
Wm, Williams, Nath' Wales jun', > Esq". 

Benj. Huntington, ) 

Consultation about procuring cheese &c, for refreshment for our troops, 
not got thro'. 

And Colo. Charles Webb came in and good deal to do and say to him 
about arranging &c. oflScers &c. 

Sailing orders were given to Capt. Niles to go in the Spy to Maryland or 
Virginia for flour &c. 

Major Isaac Sherman is promoted to be Lieutenant Colonel in Col. 
Charles Webb's battalion in continental service. 

Heaetiah Holdridge is appointed to be Major of Col. Charles Webb's 
regiment in continental service. 

Webb is appointed to be Paymaster of Col. Charles Webb's 
battahon. 

Upon the memorial of Capt. John Nott and others, commander and 
owners of the brig of war America now lying at Black Eock in Fairfield, for 
a permit to take on board said brig a sufficient number of hands and remove 
her to the port of N. London in this State : Voted and resolved, that the 
owners and commander of said brig have liberty to take on board a sufficient 
nuniber of hands and remove said brig to the port of N. London, and on 
arriving there to dismiss all said hands saving a sufficient number to work 
on board and take care of said brig. Copy given to Capt. Nott March 7"', 1777- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 189 

Mr. John Tuttle of Soiithold on Long Island, who fled tor refuge to this 
State, is permitted to transport by land from this to the State of N. York 
thirteen hhds. of rum and ten hhde of sugar, to be used for the continental 

Voted, To permit Mr. David Monro to bring forward thirty-six hundred 
weight of flax by him purchased in this Colony, as far as Hartford and 
there deposit the same in the hands of Capt. Wra. Tiley, there to remain 
untill further orders. 

Voted, To give order on Capt. Eph™ Bill to deliver a barrel of rum to 
JJapt. Eobert Niles, for the use of the schooner Spy. Ordered (P to Capt. 
Mies March 7th, 1777- 

Voted, To draw an order on Capt. John Deshon for two barrels of pork, 
one barrel of beef, and bread enough for his voyage to Maryland. 

Order d^ to Capt. Niles March 7'\ 1777. 

John Mills is appointed First Lieutenant in a company in Col. Swift's 
regiment. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of £16. 16. 0, in favour 
of Lt. John Mills, it being for money advanced by him for expence in the 
defence of the liarbour at Fairfield. 

Oder drawn March 7**, 1777, df to Mr. Miib. 

THE GovERNOE AND CouNCiL OF SArETT, March 8th, 
1777, Saturday. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales jun', ' 1 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, V Esq". 

Jed"" Elderkin, ) 

3 Thomas Allen of New London by authority &c. of said town 
is judged inimical to the liberties of the American States and ought to be 
removed from said town &c. and thereupon said Allen is sent to the Gov- 
ernor and his Council of Safety to be assigned to such place and limits as 
they shall order and direct : It is therefore voted, resolved and ordered, that 
said Allen be sent to th.e town of Windham in this State, there to abide within 
the limits of the first society in said town under the care, direction and over- 
sight of Major Ebenezer Backus and Capt. Hezekiab Huntington, two of the 
committee of inspection in said town of Windham, till further orders from 
this Board. 

Whereas Mr. Hezekiah Thomson of Woodbury on the first day of Feb- 
ruary, 1777, bought of Capt. Abiather Camp of New Haven thi'ee hogsheads 
of rum guaged at 340 gallons, as appears by his bill of parcels, which he 
says he wants for the use of his tavern &c., since which the same has been 
seized by Col. Jonathan Pitch for the use of the pubhck, supposing the same 
to be engrossed by said Camp : Wherefore it is voted and resolved by this 
Board, that said three hogsheads of rum be and the same is hereby released 
to said Thomson, and Col. Jonathan Fitch is hereby directed to release the 
same to him accordingly. 

Whereas the terms of service of the militia at the forts in New London 
and Groton is nearly expired : Voted and resolved, that one 4*^ part of 
the 3'' and eighth regiments of militia in this State be draughted and 
formed into companies and oflicered with one captain, one lieutenant and 



Hosted by 



Google 



190 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [March, 

one ensign, to be appointed by the field officers of those regimente from 
among tie ofBcere now m commission, and equipped with blankets and with 
their arms and accoutrements, and where it may appear that any soldiers 
have not arms they shall be equipped with such as are at New London and 
G-roton belonging to the publick. Those draughted from the third regiment 
to be formed and ofBcered for one company, and those from the eighth regi- 
ment in two companies. 

And -it is further resolved, That the company of Veteran Guards in the 
20"^ regiment of militia be augmented to sixty-four privates by a draught 
from the other companies in that regiment exclusive of the Light Infantry, 
and be under the officers of the Veteran Guards and equipped as aforesaid, 
which ■ companies so draughted, formed and equipped, are to be forthwith 
marched to said forts : those from the third and twentieth regiments to gar- 
rison the fortification and posts at and near New London, and those from 
the eighth regiment in Mke manner to the forts at and near Groton; and all 
serving both at New London and Groton to be under the command of Major 
Nathan Gallup untill the 15"" day of April next unless sooner discharged. 
And his Honor the Governor is desired to issue his orders accordingly. 

John Mills is appointed to be Captain of a company in Col, Swift's bat- 
talion in continental service. 

Sylvanus Mead of Greenwich is appointed First Lieutenant of the same 
company. 

An order was given to Mr. Andrew Huntington, commissary of cloath- 
ing for the army, to provide and deliver to Col. Jed"" Huntington seven 
hundred hats for his regiment. 

David Spencer is appointed Second Lieutenant in Capt. Holmes's compa- 
ny in Col. Jed' Huntington's regiment instead of Thomas Updike Fosdick. 

Gideon Bailey is appointed to be Ensign of the same company. 

Voted, To draw, in favour of Capt. John Deshon, for £1500 0, on 
Prosper Wetmore, Esq', to be on account of services and expences incurred by 
said Deshon for the publick. OrdeT drawn March 5", ITTT. 

On motion of Col. "Webb and Cap. Mills, from Gen' Silliman &c. 

Resolved. That the military guard ordered and stationed at Fairfield, be 
under the direction of Brig' Gen Silliman with the advice of the civil author- 
ity of said town, as to the particular place or places and situations within the 
same where they, said guards, shall be kept and do duty, untill further orders. 
And the selectmen of said town are authorized to draw and receive of Mr. 
Doolittle and Compa., owners of a powder-mill at N". Haven, such quantity 
of cannon-powder and also muaquet-powder as they shall judge necessery 
for serving the cannon in said Fairfield and for necessary defence: said 
selectmen to lodge their receipt for what they shall receive with said Doolit- 
tle, and to be accountable. And said Gen' Silliman with advice as aforesaid 
are impowered to use the field and other cannon in said Fairfield at their 
best discretion. Copy given, rf* Cap. Jno. Milk. 

Administrators of Mr. Sim. Gray deceased laid in the account for his 
services of riding post from this town to Hartford the last summer &c. 
twenty-six weeks at \5s , which is the sura agreed with him by the Governor 
and is allowed. Amount £19 10 0. And order given on Pay- Table. 

Maj, Elij. Hide laid in an account for cash paid to two men going to 
Saybrook last summer, for guns for his troop ordered to N, York, being 20«, : 
is allowed and order given. 

Adjourned to Tuesday next 11" instant. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 191 

At a meeting of the Govebnob and Council of Safety, March the 

11'^, 1777. TUE8DAT. 

Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Jed'' Elderkin, 1 

Elip' Dyer, Nath" Wales, jun', V Esq", 

Wm. WilliamB, Benj. Huntington, ) 

Voted an order of twenty pounds on the Pay- Table in favour of Jesse 
Brown, pofit to Gen. Washington and Congress, to be charged the continent. 
I^Order d' said Brawn.) 

Large numl>er of letters had been received and laid before and read. 

Gen. Parsons writes for directions about his Long Island expedition, 
and there appearing now to be a numbei'. 

David Strong is appointed to be First Lieutenant in Capt. Solomon 
Strong's company in Col. Bradley's rejfiment, instead of Lt. Banks resigned. 

Ebenezer Olmstead is appointed Second Lieutenant in Capt. Sanford's 
company in Col. Bradley's regiment, instead of Thaddeus Weed resigned. 

Voted, To raise a company of matrosses to consist of thirty-two [ 1 

be raised and stationed at Fairfield and parts adjacent and properly officered! 
And Capt. John Greenell is appointed to be Captain of said company. And 
Brig', Gen' Sihiman is impowered to appoint a lieutenant of said company. 

Whereas our quota of troops from this State are wanted to join MaJ'' 
Gen' Spencer's division of the army at Rhode Island and Providence Plan- 
tation i and whereas the more eastern regiments have been frequently called 
into service at N. London and Providence &c., and are now again reluming, 
and there is now also great appearance of the enemy's ships and troops off 
New London &c. 

Voted and resolved. That a detachment sufficient to form six companies of 
eighty-six privates each properly officered, be forthwith made for that pur- 
pose from the following regiments of the militia of this State, viz.; Fromtbe 
eleventh regiment one such company, from the 18"' one, from the 19'" two, 
from the 21" one, and from the 22"^ one. Each of said companies to be 
commanded by one captain, two lieutenants and one ensign, to be appointed 
by the field officers of those regiments from among the officers now in com- 
mission and to be equipped with their arms and accoutrements and marched 
directed to Providence, under command of (Maj' Jn" Eipley, as appointed p. 
82 top.*) and put themselves under command of the commanding officers 
there untill the first day of May next unless sooner discharged, and the se- 
lectmen of the towns where the troops so to be draughted belong are to 
supply blankets, arms &c. for such as cannot furnish tbemselvea, which arms 
and blankets are to be returned to such selectmen at the expiration of said 
service. And that £1 0, L. money, shall be advanced to the non-commis- 
sion officers and soldiers towards their first months pay. And his Honor 
the Governor is desired to issue his orders accordingly. 

Such as are draughted are to be excused after the expiration of this sei"- 
vic« till the rest shall have taken their turn of duty. 

Voted, To permit Jacob Griffin to carry out four hhds. of N. England 
rum for the use of the inhabitants of tiie State of N. York, 

Voted, To appoint Isaac Turner [to] be a First Lieutenant in Capt. Rob- 
ert Lewis's company in Col. Webb's regiment. 

Adjourned to Fryday next, the 14"* inst. 

• April 8d, p. 203 of this volume. 



Hosted by 



Google 



192 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [March, 

At a MBETrHQ of thk Goveknob and CopNcrL or Safety, Mahch 14"', 
1777, Frtday, 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Eliphalet Dyer, Jed" Elderkin, 

Jabez Huntington, Nath" Wales jun 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Hnntingtoi 

Jonathan Sled is appointed Ensign in Capt. Beardslee's company in Col. 
Swift's reginient,^nd Jon"' Moore is appointed Ensign in Capt. Chapman's 
company in the same regiment. 

Adino Hale is appointed Ensign of Theodore Woodbridge's company in 
the same regiment. 

Voted, To permit Col. Andrew Morehouse to purchase 2 hhds. of West 
India rum and two hogsheads of sugar and transport the same to the State 
of N. York for the use of the inhabitants there. 

Voted, To arrange Capt. Vine Elderkin and his subalterns and company 
in Col. Swift's regiment as at first ; and Capt. John Mills to Col. John 
Chandler's regiment instead of Capt. Elderkin and his company. 

Capt. Michael Melally is dismissed from his ofBce on board the ship 
Oliver Cromwell, on his own request. 

Col. Swift was in a. m. Good deal to do with him about the affairs of 
his regiment, filling up, arranging &c., and about cloathing &c. 

Gen. Sullivan came in p, m. with important letter from Gen. Washing- 
ton about another supply of militia and the state of his army &c. &:c. con- 



Mr. Kirtland came in also, has with him a number of warrior India 
from Oneida &c. and much to do and say with him about them &c. 



At a meetiko of the Governob and Council of Safety Satdbday, March 
15^ 1777. 
Present: Hia Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Jed'' Elderkin, 1 

Wm. Williams, Nath' Wales jun', j- Esq". 

Eliph' Dyer, Benj. Huntington, ) 

Aaron Butler is appointed Ensign in Capt. Barnard's company in Col. 
Wyllys's regiment. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of £25 0, in favour [of] 
the Rev'' Sam" Kirtland, to enable him to bear the expence of his journey 
through this State to G*n. Washington. 

Order drawn and d* to Mr. Kirtland March IS"', 1777. 
The Rev^ Mr. Sam" Kirtland came in with six warriors from the Six 
Nations, viz.: Kayendalongwea, a chosen Free Williamko, Head Warrior — 
Kaghnegtotis, Pine-Spliter — Hendrake, the 2" Warrior — Shalealago, Blaz- 
ing Spear, Quedel alias Peter — Yeghleghtei, Joseph — Kaghlaghquisene, 
William — Yolonghyagewea, Clear Sky — who are traveling through the 
States to obtain what knowledge they can of the state of the country with 
regard to the present war and report the same to the Nations. ITie forepart 
of the day was chiefly spent in delivering to them a speech and belt &c. and 
in receiving their answer &c. A gun, a gun-lock and belt, strings &c. 
were delivered to them in token of friendship, the gun and lock being man- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 193 

tifactured here aod given as a specimen of American workmansliip. A letter 
from a great house in Prance to his Honor the Governor, offering euppliea, 
was also communicated to them, and they appeared greatly pleased. 

At a mebting of the Govbrnob and Council or Safety, March IT"", 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Bliph' Dyer, Nath' Wales jun', j 

Jabez Huntington, Benj, Huntington, 
Wm. Williams, 

Voted, To permit of New Brantrey in the State of the 

Massachusetfi Bay to purchase one ton of flax in the county of Fairfield to 
make cloathing for the continental army and to transport the same to said 
N. Br^trey to be manufactured there w their proportion of said linen 
cloathing. 

..Brig* Gen' Parsons, Col. Bradley and Lt, Col. Dimon are present, and 
some considerable time spent with tliem in arranging officers &c. and in ex- 
changing some subalterns from one place to another. 

Voted, To draw on Messrs. Blderkin and Wales for one hundred weight 
of powder, in favour of the selectmen of Tolland for their town stock, for 
which they are to be accountable. 

Order d' to Col. Gkapman March J7% 1777. 
A Proclamation or order to sundry regiments to detach men to go to 
Peekskills &c. agreeable to the requisition of Gen' Washington was draughted 
and voted in order for the press. 
Adjoamedtill March IS* 1777. 

At a mkbung of the GtOyeenob and Council or Safety, Mabch IS"", 1777. 
Present : His Honor tlie Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Natli' Wales jun', i 

Jabez Huntington, Benj. Huntington, j- Esq". 
Wm. Williams, ) 

P. M, Titus Hosmer. Esq', and Wm. Hilhouse, Esq'. 
Gen. Parsons, Col. Bradley and Col. Dimon were in this morning to 
finish their business begun yesterday, 

Ebenezer Gray is appointed to be Major in Col. Douglass's battalion in 
continental service, instead of Isaac Sherman promoted. 

His Honor the Governor wrote to the Committee of War in the State of 
the Massachusets Bay to supply Gen' Parsons or order with proper medicine 
for the purpose of inoculation. 

A letter came in from Capt. Setli Harding, requesting some advice, 
whether to aUow one Cornelius Dunham of the brig Defence, who was 
wounded in their fight in Boston Bay and was at home lame in time of a 
cruise made afterwards, his share of prize money and his wages whilst dis- 
abled to serve by reason of his wound; to which an answer was given that 
no reason appears to this Board against it. 

This Board taking into consideration the slow progress made in filling up 

the continental battalions to be raised in this State and the vast importance 

of their being immediately compleated and of every possible exertion for that 

purpose, as from the present appearance it is more than probable that should 

18 



Hosted by 



Google 



194 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [March^ 

these United States freely exert themselves at this time aad for a few 
months to come, the unnatural war we are engaged in might be brought to 
a happy close and peace and rest be restored to our country; and consider- 
ing the many advantages we have (by the blessing of Divine Providence) 
gained over our enemies there appears the greatest encouragement to exert 
ourselves most chearfully in the defence of our just rights and privileges, 
and in filling up said battalions for that purpose : Therefore, to promote the 
same, 

It is voted and resolved hy this Board, To ascertain the quota or proportion 
of each town to compleat said battalions, and that said towns be certified 
thereof, and that the civil authority, selectmen and military officers, and all 
friends to the liberties of mankind, be requested and exhorted to exert them- 
selves to their utmost, and that immediately, as they regard the welfare and 
salvation of their country, in incouraging aad procuring the quotas of their 
respective towns to engage in said service, to promote and encourage such 
inUstment: And least any should be embarrassed by the prospect of leaving 
their families without a security of their being properly provided for, it is 
earnestly recommended to the several towns in this State to engage and 
promise such soldiers as shall undertake in said service and not have time 
and opportunity to lay out their money and make proper provision for their 
(amities, (such as have any,) that their said families on their reasonable re- 
quest shall be aupphed in their absence with necessaries at the prices stated 
by law, and that each town severally appoint a committee for that purpose 
to see them provided for and supplied accordingly on such soldiers lodging 
or from time to time remitting money to said committee for that purpose, 
and without any additional expence ; and the necessary expence attend- 
ing the same to be bom by such towns respectively ; and that the several 
towns in this State, on proper notice to be given by the selectmen, meet 
together as soon as may be, in order to agree upon this regulation and to 
appoint committees accordingly and also to agree and firmly unite among 
themselves strictly to adhere to the law regulating prices, and to use their 
joint and several influence to support and maintain the same as a very im- 
portant and necessary regulation for the support of the army and preventing 
every measure artfully taken for oppressing the poor, which the Hon'' ' Con- 
tinental Congress have also taken to recommend to all the other United 
States ; and also to exert themselves to have their quotas of the continental 
army immediately com pleated. 

Since the personal security, liberty and happiness of every individual is 
deeply concerned, and freedom or bondage to be secured and entailed to all 
posterity by the issue of the present struggle, and every one in their several 
capacities are called to a vigorous exertion for the defence and security of 
their country, it is earnestly recommended to her virtuous sons voluntarily 
and without delay to offer themselves for the service of God and their 
country in this righteous cause, thereby also to prevent the disagreeable 
necessity of the frequent rotation of the men from the militia, whereby the 
husbandry and manufactures are so much injured. 

And his Honor the Governor is advised and desired to issue this order. 
N. B. Printed and dispersed to all the lowns. 

Voted, That a letter be written to Capt. Wm. Ooit to come directly to 
Lebanon and bring in his accounts for settlement. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 195 

Resolved and ordered. That the committee of prisoners at Windham col- 
lect and send in such safe way as they shall find prudent all prisoners irow at 
Windham taken by Commodore Hopkins and who are desirous to be ex- 
changed, and deliver them to the care of Mr. Nath" Shaw jun' in New Lon- 
don in order to be exchanged ; first taking care that any officers among 
them pay or draw their bills for their expencea and charge of support ; and 
take and keep a just account of the expence of the whole. 



Ar A MBETINO or THE GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL OF SaFETT, "WEDNESDAY, 

19™ March, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the G-ovemor. 
Blip' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, i 

Wm. Williams, Nath" Wales, )■ Esq". 
P. M. Jz. Huntington, ) 

Many persons applying for many things. 

Letters from Gen. Siliiman &:c. respecting the alarming situation of their 
affairs by attacks &c. And answers prepared &:c. 

Richard Law, Esq', (present about business,) laid in an account for hisi 
journey to N. York last summer by order of this Board &c. 13 days at 18*. 
for self, horse and expenccs, and the same is allowed and order drawn 
£11 14 0. 

Considered and pass'd the following Resolve, viz : 

Whereas a number of blankets were collected by virtue of an order and 
resolve of the General Assembly of this Colony in June last, for the use of 
the public, and the same are now wanted for the continental soldiers, 

It is therefore resolved and ordered, That the selectmen of the several' 
towns who collected and had the care of such blankets be and they are here- 
by directed to deliver for the use of the continental soldiers of their r^pec- 
tive towns all such blankets to the commanding officer of the troops in this 
State or colonels of the battalions to which such soldiers respectively belong, 
or to their order, taking receipts therefor. 

And the selectmen of the several towns are also ordered and directed to 
enquire dilligently after and immediately collect all firearms, accoutrements 
and blankets belonging to their towns or the public within such towns, which 
have been delivered to soldiers on short marches and tours of duty or other- 
wise disposed of, and cause the same to be duly apprized, where the prizes 
are not already duly ascertained, and have the same repaired if neces- 
sary, and the same deHver for the use aforesaid to such commanding ofBcer 
or colonel, or their order, taking proper receipts expressing the use for 
which they are received, and make return of their doings to the next Gen- 
eral Assembly or to this Board. And the said colonels &c. are to take care 
in the distribution of said arms and blankets, to see that those who shall be 
first ready to march be first supplied. This printed and dispersed. 

Voted, That B. G«n. Siliiman lae desired to purchase for the use of the 
Colony, as shall be ordered, viz: thirty tons of flax : he having sent that 
he can procure it &c. . Sent hy Mr. Belts. 

Much consideration about various applications, and letter impowering 
and directing about defending those sea coasts &c. &c., till 9 o'clock. 



Hosted by 



Google 



196 



COUNCIL OP SAFETY 



[March, 



, 20 Makoh. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Blip' Dyer, Wm. Williams, ) 

Ja. Huntington, Titus Hosmer, v Esq". 
Nath' Wales, \ 

Prepared and ascertained the quotas of each town of the continental 
army and added them to the proclamation sending out. 

Prepared letters of instruction to the field officers of 10 regiments for 
the draughting '2000 nien to march to Peekskill, agreeable to the earnest re^ 
quest of tien. Washington. And appointed the field ofBcers to command 
them. Determined the quotas from each of the 1 regiments &c. Appointed 
Brig. Glen' Wadsworth to command them as brigadier. 

The 10 regiments agreed upon and the numbers from each is as follows, 



] Regiment, 


Wyllys, 


2 


« do. 


Belden's, 


H 


10 do. 


Th. Cook, 


3 


13 do. 


Moselev, 


H 


U do. 


Burrei; 


H 


15 do. 


Hooker, 


2 


16 do. 


P. Cook, 


2 


17 do. 


0. Woleott, 


2 


18 do. 


Humphry, 


2 


23 do. 


Sage, 


H 


1 regiments. 







96 each, 



19V" 



4 commision officers to each c 






The said detachments are regimented as follows, viz : 

! Reg, 2 companies 

6 " H do. ) Thos. Belden, Esq. Colonel. 
18 " 2 do. VSeth Smith, Esq, Lieutenant Colonel." 

23 " 1^ do. ) Nath. Brown, Esq, Major. 



10 Reg. 3 companies, ^ Noadiah Hooker. Esq. Colonel. 
15 do. 2 do. ^Epa. Sheldon, Lieutenant Colonel. 

17 do. 2 do. ) Gad Stanly, Major. 



13 Reg. 2 J companies, 1 Increase Moaeley, Colonel. 

14 do. 1^ do. > Josh* Porter, Lieutenant Colonel. 
17 do. 2 do. ) Jethro Hatch, Major. 



The foregoing things are grounded on the orders contained ande. ^ 
in the printed copy annexed, which has been in deliberation and considera- 
tion 2 or three days. 

[Tbe printed copy aDneied is as follows.] 

By the Honourable Jonathan Tbumbcll, Esquire, Captain -General, Gov- 
ernor, and Commander in Chief, of the State of Connecticut, by and with the 
advice of the Council of Safety. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 197 

To Esq; Colonel, or to the commanding officer of the 

Regiment oi Militia in said State, Greeting: 

Whereas T have received a requisition (rem his Excellency General 
Washington, dated the 6th of March instant, prsHsirg and earnestly calling 
for one more exertion of the public spirit of this State, by another supply of 
tmo thousand militia to be immediately sent to Pect's-Kill, there to wait 
further orders, and to continue in service six weeks after their arrival there: 
And said requisition being grounded on reasons of very great, interesting, 
and irresistable weight and importance, and such as will justify itself to 
every friend of his country, of every rank and order, though the particular 
reasons and design cannot with propriety be at present communicated. 

And having taken said requisition into serious consideration, and by and 
with the advice of my Council of Safety, judge the same to be of too great 
and interesting a, nature to be neglected or delayed — the strange and un- 
happy delay of fllhng up our quota of the Continental army, and expiration 
of the term of our four battalions, rendering the measure indispensibly 
necessary. 

And although this Board are by no means unmindful of tlie difficulties 
which may be occasioned by ca]ling off bo many men at this season ; yet 
considering the unspeakable importance of the cause ; that the burden bes 
equally on all our sister States ; that the contest in all probability must be 
short, if we are not wanting to ourselves, and might have been finished be- 
fore this time if our exertions bad been equal to the strength which God 
has given us for defence that the blessings we contend for, are what the 
great God had bestowel upon us and whicl we have reason to think he 
will continue t >ur faithful endeavours that the present and future gen- 
' erations will be fixed m the beit and highest civil or rebgious hberty, or 
bound by the most gallmg yoke of wretched slavery and misery, accorfing 
to our conduct and exertions for a very short time and that in the highest 
probability, were the Continental army once filled, we should have no further 
occasion to call for the militia, but by the blessing of God Almighty should 
with them be able to make an effectual stand against all the efforts of our 
unnatural enemies, and have the fairest prospect of a speedy and happy ter- 
mination of the present dispute. In these circumstances, it is most natural 
and reasonable to expect that no friend to his country, will grudge or think 
much of such and so short an exertion as is now required. 

Therefore, you are commanded on sight hereof, forthwith to cause to 
be drawn and detached out of the regiment under your command, in pro- 
portion from the several companies and roils, to the number of 
in the whole, unless the said number of men or part thereof shall imme- 
diately, on being collected according to orders by you to be given, turn out 
and voluntarily ofEer themselves for this necessary service, which they are 
earnestly called upon and invited to do ; in which case you are not to de- 
tach, or only such number as shall be wanting of volunteers : And such 
men are to supply themselves, as far as possible, with arms, accoutrements, 
and blankets, and if any should be necessarily deficient, the Authority, or 
Select-men, or both, in the said towns, are called upon and required to exert 
their utmost efforts, by impresses or otherwise, to supply such deBcioncy ; 
and all persons holding or possessing any arms, or other necessaries, which 
they have not an almost certain prospect of wanting for immediate defence, 
before they can be returned, are called upon to turn them out freely and 



Hosted by 



Google 



198 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [March, 

without hesitation, for this sudden, important service , and justice will be 
done them in this and every respect : The said men aie to be formed into» 
companies, by the field officers of the regiments to which they belong, in the 
most convenient manner, to consist of each as near as may be, 

exclusive of com mission -officers, and to march to aaid Peck s Kill without 
delay, and under the command of such present militia commission-offlcers 
as shall be selected by said field-officers, vh. one Captain, two Lieutenants, 
and one Ensign, for each company, and the usual number of non -commissi on 
officers, and to be in three regiments, to be formed o! equal numbers of the 
most convenient companies, as near as may be, and under such field-officers as 
shall be selected and appointed by this Board : And all to have the pay, 
wages, and billetting allowance as the Continental army — and any of them 
have free liberty to inlist into said army. And least any should apprehend 
danger of taking the smali-pos, they are hereby informed, that I bave the 
strongest assurance from his Excellency General Washington, that should 
thei'e be the least danger of their taking it, none who have not had it shall 
march further than Peck's Kill, where there is no danger of it. 

And if any desire to have some pay advanced before they march, the 
several Captains may receive of the Treasury at the rate of twentt/ shilhnc/.^ 
for each man, for that purpose. But for expedition sake the Captains and 
officers or others, are desired to advance the same, and on proper evidence 
the same shall be repaid. 

[Given under mv Hand at Lebanon, in said State, the 1 7th Day of March, 
A. D. 1777 

Jonathan TRUMStiLL.]* 

In this place the stating of the number or quota for each to>vn is made, and 
inserted on each proclamation the nv/mber for each town, and sent out. 

Letter from a large number in Farmiagton de their tories &c. A long 
answer prepared. 

Order, on consideration given, delivered N. Minor Esq., to purchase or to 
seize 10,000 lb, cheese in Stonington, for the use of the State &c, as follows. 

Voted. That Capt. Nathan Palmer of Stonington be and he is directed 
to purchase and procure twenty thousand pounds weight of cheese for the 
use of this .State for the supply o£ our troops according to tlie engagement 
of the General Assembly, and at the price not exceeding the sum set and 
limited by law. And in case he cannot purchase the above quantity of 
cheese as aforesaid, in that case if he can find any quantity of cheese in 
the possession of any person or persons not designed and necessary for h^ or 
their own family use he is hereby ordered and authorized to seize and take 
the same for the purpose aforesaid and make duplicate invoices thereof 
with the weight of the same and deliver one to the owner or possessor of 
said cheese and pay the owner thereof for the same at the price by law fixed 
for the same, and make report of his doings in the premises as soon as 
maybe. 

! cancelled on the printed paper by having a 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 199 

5 Governor and Council or Safety, Pbyday, 
21 March, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

Elip' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales jun'., l Eaqnires. 
Wm. Williams, Wm. Hillhouae, ) 
Established officers of the alarm list. 

Fill'd up a large number of commissions for alarm list officers, for Col. 
Danielson, Chapman, and Latimer's regiments, and dispatched orders for 
the selectmen of all the towns concerning encouraging raising the army &c. 
&,c. And the orders to the colonels of 10 regiments for raising and send- 
ing of 2,000 militia to PeckakOl &c. 

Letter to Norwalk committee in answer to theirs about their situation 
.and danger &c. 

Mr Erkelens came, had been sent for, and consulted with him about ad- 
dressing Mr. de Capelle &c. &c. 
Adjourned about 9 o'clock. 

At a meetino &o. Saturday, 22d March, 77. 

Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, Wm, Williams, f 

Jz. Huntington, Titus Hosmer, f-Esq". 

Wm, Hilhouse, ) 

6 regiments alarm officers had their commissions filled up and given out. 
Delivered Col, Belden's son p. m. 

Dispatched a letter to Gen' Washington, by Bennet. informing him of 
orders being given for 2000 militia according to his request, and that they 
are assured according [to] his directions, that they shall not be sent into 
Jersey if danger of small pos &c. &c. 

On petition &c. released Phin" Gary, Solo. Lord, Eleaz' Welch, Ely SpaJ- 
ford, Sam' Stoddard, Hez. Abbe, Arad Simons, of Wind., and Thos. Hoi- 
brook of Lebanon, from the Oliver Cromwell : their wages to cease from the 
time of their last leaving the ship by furlough. 

Be Mr. Jno. Winthrop's Tenants. 

Upon the memorial of Jn° Winthrop, Esq', of N. London, praying that 
his tenants and workmen on Fishers Island may be suffered to pass and re- 
pass to and from the neighboring towns on the main to procure necessaries 
&c., as per memorial on file. 

Voted and resolved, That the selectmen of N. London from [time] to time 
as occasion may require shall have power, and power is hereby given to them, 
to safEer and permit the said tenants and workmen to pass and repass to and 
from said island to the neighbouring towns on the main, to procure neces- 
saries, visit their families, or on other necessary business, at such times and 
for such reasons as they may think proper, under such cautions, limitations 
and instructions, to prevent their communicating intelligence to the enemy 
or otherwise prejudicing the interest of this or the rest of the United States 
as they shall prescribe, and that ttey, the tenants and workmen aforesaid, 
be not suffered to pass and repass without the permit of the selectmen afore- 



Hosted by 



Many matters c 

Adjourned till Tuesday next, the 25th. 



Google 



200 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [March, 

At a meeting of the Governor &c. Tuesday, 26 March, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
N.— Mr. Hosmer stayed in town, i 
was employ'd aU Monday writing b.m. Blip. Dyer, Titus Hosmer, ) 

SSon^onEST^Sf ^- Huntington, N.th W^., e.,~. 
missions for Col. Hoolier-s 16 reg./ Wm.. Williams, W. Hilhouse, ) 
al&rm otBcers. 

Prepared and sent letters, to Col. Davenport, in answer to him de torys, 
and troops for their defence, referr'd to Gen. Siliiman &c. 

To Cap. Isaae Miles, de 2 arni'd vessells, to cruize in the Sound. 

To Cap. Squier, to supply said arm'd vessells with provisions fcc. 

To Gen. Sillimac, de fixing said arm'd vessels, taking care of supplying 
troops for Stanford. 

To Mr. Gray, ordering him to deliver cloathing to Col. C. Webb, and to. 
make an inventory of all he has on hand. 

Sent an order to Doolittle & Co, to deliver the selectmen of Stanford 600 
weight of powder. 

To oversijers of the furnace to deliver said selectmen of Stanford 30 6 lb., 
30 3 lb., and 30 2 lb. round cannon shot. 

To do., to deliver selectmen of Fairfield 1 6-pound and I 3-pound 
cannon. 

To do., to deliver Lt. Aaron Hawley of Stratfleld one six-pound and one 
3-pound cannon for defence of Stratfield Harbour, with an assortment of 
round shot for each. 

Bri^. Wadsworth declines going with the 2000 men order'd to Peekskill,. 
being unwell &c., and orders sent Gen' E. Wolcot to go in his stead. 

Mr. David Webb of Stamford, a commissary, is here, moves for instruc- 
tions what he shall purchase &c. And he is directed to purchase what 
shoes, stockings, felt hats, and home made cloth, linen and woolen, rum, 
cheese and spirits, he can in the county of Fairfield, and send an account 
from time to time to the Governor &c. And an order or writing to the 
Pay-Table, to supply bim with two or three hundred pounds at present, and 
from time to time what shall be necessary, taking proper security. 

Voted, That Jos. Hoit jun' and Benj. Hoit, now confined in Fairfield 
goal as torys, be released, paying costs. And the order written in a letter 
to SherifE Burr. 

Voted and resolved. That the Committee of Pay -Table be and they are 
hereby directed to examine and adjust the accounts of bounty, wages, billeC- 
ing, mileage and rations, of Colo. Ely's battalion and Capt, Sanford Kings- 
bury's company of Colo. Enos battalion lately in service at Providence, the 
State of Ehode Island and Providence Plantations, and draw on the Treas- 
urer for the ballances they shall find respectively due to the companies on 
the same. 

Cap. Coit came in, and much said &c. about the ship Cromwell, her state 
&e., and his accounts &c. Ac. And adjourned. 



t &c. Wednesday, 26 March, 77. 
Present : His Honor the Goveror. 
Col. Dyer gone to Norwich ja. Huntington, Jed. Elderkin, 1 
'"Chi^g^^N-ofl.am.arrived Wm, Williams, Wmffilhouse, I 
here last evening. Titus Hosmer, Nath' Wales, ) 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 201 

Roger Fanning, who had the care of the row-galley Shark in the North 
River from 29 Oclo. 1776 to 18 Dec. as master &e., and as keeper from 
18'" Dec. to 15 Feb'y, 77, laid in hia account for said servicea and for rations, 
allowance, mileage &c., to amount of £22 U 1 in whole, and is allowed, and 
order on Pay-Table lor the same, and order enter'd on the account and 
delivered said Panning. 

Many persons in, on various applications &c. 

Voted, That Jona. Fitch, Esq', one of the commissaries appointed to- 
purchase necessaries for the supply of the troops in the continental service, 
be and he is directed to purchase what shoes, stockiags, felt hats, home 
made cloth linen and woolen, ram, cheese and spirits, he can in the county 
of New Haven, and to send an account of what he shall so purchase from 
time to time to his Honor the Governor. 

Gave Jn° Tilton of Vineyard a permit to carry out 1000 lb. flax, and 
200 lb. flour, he having l)rougbt in about 300 pair stockings to be delivered. 
Col. Jona Fitch &c. 

Examined, adjusted an account of Nath' Wales, Esq, for hirmg, paying 
&c. teams from Windham for transporting of cannon, on account of CoL 
Stewart, to Canaan on their way to AJbany, being on continental account, 
£1 18 0, allowing him 33s. 1 commission being included. 

Order given on the account to the Pay-Table. 

Cap. Na. Palmer laid in an account and invoice of cheese by him seized 
by order of this Board, lately, being Ih. 1 1618 @ 6rf. (belonging to Church 
& Hakes) to amount of £294 16 6, including £4 7 6 commission @ 12 per 
cent, and drew an order for it on Pay-Table, delivered said Palmer. And 
directed said Palmer to send the cheese to Andrew Huntington at Norwich. 

Said Cap. Palmer also laid in account for sundry expences about the 
fort at Stonington: the same examin'd, and allowed, being £15 7 6, and 
order drawn, delivered said Palmer on tbe hack of the account. 

Many persons on various matters &c. And adjourned till called again. 

At a meeting of the Govbrkob and Councij. op Safety, WEDNesBAVr 
2d of April, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

Elip" Dyer, Jed"" Elderkin, 1 

Mr. Wa. went home j^j^gj, Huntington, Nath" Wales, \ Esq". 
** ^'^°°- Wm. WiUiams, Wm. HUlhouse, ) 

Many persons, ofHcers &c. and expresses, are in about various things. 
On application, granted an order on Elderkin and Wales for lb. 40O 
powder, to selectmen of Saybrook, deliver'd the order Cha. Pumroy, about 
one third cannon-powder and the rest musket. 

Letters from Mr. Hosmer and Col. Sage enquiring whether the miners, 
and Long Island i^fugees may be drafted in the present order for militia &c., 
and answered that they ought not &c, &c. 

Col. Moseley moves to be excused from going in the present militia to- 
Peekskill &c., and on consideration cannot excuse him. 

Lt. Col. Sherman present about the arrangement of Col. C. Webb's regi- 
ment to which he belongs. Much to be said and done about it. 
Appointed Abaolom "Russell Surgeon of said regiment. 
Peter Robertson appointed Second Lieutenant in Cap. Hinkley's company 
. in Col, Webb's regiment. 



Hosted by 



Google 



■202 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [April, 

Col. Waters, engineer at N. London, present, gives a large representation 
of the state of affairs there &c. &c. 

And at 9 o'clock adjourned till tomorrow morning. 

At a mbeiino &c. Thursday, 3 April, 1777. 

Pi-esent: His Honor the Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, Jed*' Elderkin, 1 

■ Jz. Buntington, Wm. Hilhouse, [■ Esq". 

Wm, Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 
On motion appointed Maj. Jn" Ripley, commanding the Con. troops or 
militia late at Providence, to take the command of the 5 companya lately 
sent there, as their Major Commandant. 

On petition of Thos. Allen, confined at Windham, praying to have liberty 
to return to N. London on parole fee. and certificate from the authority &c. 
of N. London requesting it &c., liberty is granted him accordingly. 

Hez. Tracy jun' is appointed Second Lieutenant in Col. Huntington's 

regiment in the room of his brother Josh^ Tracy deceased of the small pox. 

Albigence Waldo is appointed Surgeon of Col. Jed. Huntington's regi- 

Thos. G-ray is appointed Surgeon's Mate to Dr. Lee, in Col. Jii" Durkee's 
regiment. 

Voted and allowed Col. Jed. Huntington a6s. for a curious gun-lock he 
bought by order and which was by the Governor given to Indian warriors 
lately here with Mr Kirtland. 

Vote i and allowed Col. Jed. Elderkin 23 doUara for a fire-arm compleat, 
which ft as presented Ijy the Governor to said warrior Indians, Saturday 15 
in St. 

On a representation by Jn" Shipman, Esq', of the conduct of Hay- 
don and his e'^ammation before authority, by which he appears at least a 
very suspicion', person : Therefore 

On motion Lc appointed Capts. Jona. Huntington, Nath' Backus and 
Jabez Perkins of Norwich, or any two of them, to liquidate, adjust and set- 
tle the accounts of Messrs. Haydon and Williams for their iabourand ser- 
vice in building and about the ship Oliver Cromwell, and make i-eturn of tbe 
state and settlement thereof as the same may be made and allowed by them, 
to bis Honor the Governor. 

Voltfl, That Jolin Shipman. Esq', be and he is hereby appointed Lieu- 
tenant and Commandant of the fort at Say-Brook, in the room of Lt, Lee 
Lay resigned. 

Voted, That this Council do approve of his Honor tbe Governor's sending 
one thousand pounds of the continental dollars to Gen' Spencer, 

Voted, To desire hie Honor the Governor to give order for £800 0, in 
favour of Mr. Andrew Huntington, to be iu advance out of the continental 
money in the hands of Mr. D&vid Trumbull, and to be laid out by said 
Huntington in cloathing for the army. 

Voted, To refer the account of Capt. Richard Deshon, for making' 
■sails &c. for the ship Oliver Cromwell, to Nath' Shaw jun. to adjust and 
allow and pay what is just and reasonable thereon and charge the Colony 
for the same. Order d' to Vapi. Deshon April S^, 1777. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 203 

Voted, To pprmit Johc Murray jun' to purchase a horse and sugar in 
this Sfcate to amount of £200 0, and transport the same to Long Island, 
he having a quantity of linen and checks and flax, brought from Long 
Island to the value of said sum and disposed of the same here. 

Josiah Waters, jun', Esq''', accouEt for service aa engineer at N. London 
was by him exhibited and examined, and £180 13 2 allowed, aud voted to 
■draw on the Treasurer for the same. Order given by the Governor, dated 
^' April, 1777. 

James Whelpley is appointed Quarter Master of OoL Bradley's regiment. 

VoUd, To draw on Dr. Joshua Elderkin for one hundred pair shoes and 
one hundred pair stockings, in favour of Col. Durkee for the use of his 
regiment. Order i?" to Col Durkey April 5", 1 777. 

[ffesry] Ten Eyck is appointed Adjutant to Col. Charles Webb's regiment. 
Voted, To give an order on Sam' Gray, Esq', to deliver to Co!. John 
Durkee one dozen of white shirts for the use of the ofBcers of his regiment 
^and take receipt. Order d^ to Col Durkee April S', 1777. 

At a meeting &;c. Fbyday, 4- Apsil, 1777. 
Present: Ilis Honor the Governor. 
■Col. Dyer not present. Jabez Huntington, Benja. Huntington, 1 

Wm. Williams, Nath' Walra, \ Esq". 

Jed. Elderkin, Wm. Hilhouse, ) 

I\ath. Chipman is appointed Second Lieutenant in Capt, David Parsons* 
•company in Col. Charles Webb's regiment, in the room of Timothy White. 
Charles Stewart is appointed Ensign in Capt. Mills's company in Col. 0. 
Webb's regiment. 

David Barber is appointed Ensign in Capt. Manning's company instead 
-of Brownson in Col. C. Webb's regiment. 

Voted, That Capt, Jabez Perkins be and he is hereby appointed to 
receive three hundred bushells of salt belonging to this State now in the 
care of Mr Andrew Huntington at Norwich Landing, who is directed to 
deliver the same ; which salt said Perkins is directed to sell to the inhabit- 
ants of this State in small quantities, not exceeding half a bushel! to a family 
or in such 1ms proportion as he shall judge reasonable, and at the lawful price; 
and when the same is accomplished to make report to the Governor thereof. 
And upon the arrival of any further quantity of salt at Norwich, belonging 
to this State, he is directed to receive such salt into his store to be disposed 
-of as he shall from time to time receive orders from this Board, and to ren- 
der his account accordingly. 

Voted, That Dr. Joshua Elderkin be and be is hereby ordered to deliver 
unto Nath' Durkee jun', quarter-master of Col. Swift's battalion, two hun- 
dred and twenty-three pair of men's shoes, the same number of pairs of 
men's stockings, the same number of felt hats, and as many pair of breechrai 
if you have them, if not, what you have, for the use of said battalion, and 
take his receipt. Copy given. 

Voted, That Col. Jon* Pitch be and he is hereby directed to deliver unto 
James Whelpley, quarter-master to Col. Bradley's regiment one hundred 
and seventy one felt hats, the same number of pairs of men's shoes, and the 
same number of pairs of men's stockings, for the use of said regiment, and 
take his receipt. Copy given. 



Hosted by 



Google 



204 COUNCIL OP SAPETY [April^ 

Voted, That Sam' Gray, Esq', be ajid he is hereby directed to deliver 
unto James Whelpley, quarter-master to Col. Bradley's battalion, one hun- 
dred and twenty-four pairs of mea's breeches, for the use of said battalion, 
and take his receipt; also deliver twelve men's shirts for the use of the ofB- 
cere in said battalion, and to be by them accounted for. Copy given. 

Voted, That Sam^ Gray, Esq', be and he is hereby directed to deliver 
unto Nath' Durkee jun', quartermaster to Gol. Swift's regiment, twelve 
men's shirts, for the use of the officers in said regiment and to be by them 
accounted for, and take his, said Durkee's, receipt therefor. Copy given. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay- Table of this State, in favour of Dr. Joseph 
Perkins, for the sum of five pounds for a set of amputating instruments, 
delivered on board the brig Defence. Order drawn April ^'*, 1777. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay- Table of this State for the sum of £1 3 8, in 
favour of Major Elijah Hyde and Mr. Enoch White, administrators on the 
estate of Mr. Simeon Gray deceas'd, it being for the support of Mr. Sam' Kirt- 
land and six Indians of the Six Nations and their waiter whilst at Gray's 
tavern in Lebanon March 15, 1777. (Jrder drawn April j^^, 1777. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table of this State for the sum of £1 4 9, 
in favour of Thomas Coit of Norwich, for sundry medicines supplied Capt. 
Lyon's company whilst sick at Norwich. Order drawn April Jfi*, 1777, 

Voted, To direct Col. Elderkin and Mr. Wales to apply to the Hon' James 
Bowdoin and Council of the Massachusets Bay, to borrow one ton of sulphur 
for the use of the powder mills in this State, to be replaced as soon as may 
be; and said Elderkin and Wales to receive the same if obtained. 

Voted, That ten sets of the hoi-se harnesses compleat at N'ew Haven be- 
brought to New London and there delivered to Mr. Nath. Shaw jr, and 
that orders be given on Col. Jon"- Fitch for the same accordingly. 

Order d!' to Maj. HUlhouse, April l"", 1777. 

Voted, That orders be given to Capt. Elijah Backus to make anotlier 
cannon like that he has made for the publick. 

Whereas the Hon"' Congress have ordered three battalions of artillery- 
men to be raised in the United States for the continental service, to consist 
of twenty. two hundred men in the whole nearly, the proportion whereof is 
one hundred and seventy men for this State nearly, over and above the bat- 
talions of musqiietry, and a proportion of officers are appointed in said State 
for said service and to inhst our quota thereof, and application is made to 
this Board by Lt. Col. Oswald, the chief ofBcer in this State for that depart- 
ment, praying for the same additional premium of £10 for each non- 
commission officer and private who shall inlist into said artillery service as 
has been granted by the General Assembly and by this Board to the other 
regiments : This Board, considering it to be necessary that the artillerymen 
should be furnished as well as the other parts of the army, and that the 
encouragement ought to be the same, do vote and resolve, that the same 
premium of ten pounds be granted as aforesaid to our quota of said artillery- 
men, not exceeding one hundred and seventy; and the Committee of Pay- 
Table of this State are hereby ordered to pay and deliver to said Lt. Col. 
Eleazer Oswald the sum aforesaid for the use aforesaid, taking of him suffi 
cient securities that the same shall be duly applied and accounted for. 

Unsolved, That Col. Jed'' Elderkin of this State be requested to make all 
due enquiry at Boston and elsewhere concerning the newest and best modi 
of cannon of eighteen -pounders and under, and of any other dimentions, an 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICDT. 205 

also of the newest and best method of "boring them, and ia general of every 
thing relating thereto which may be useful to be known and for the beat 
good of the American cause; and all gentlemen concerned and acquainted 
are requested to communicate to said Col. Elderkin any knowledge they 
may have, and to assist him in gaining any intelligence and skill in the 
premises. 

Adjourned till Wednesday neat. 

^^T A MEETING OF THE GovEHNOK AND COUNCIL OF SAFETY, April 9th, IITJ. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Nath' Wales jun', 1 

Jz. Huntington, Benj. Huntington, I Esq". 
"Wm. ■Williams, Wm. Hillhouse, ) 

Roger Aiden is appointed Adjutant to Col. Bradley's battalion in contin- 
ental service. 

Great part of the day taken up in considering how in what manner to 
compleat immediately the army &c. 

Gave an order on Isaac Doolittle & Co. for 400 lb. of powder to be 
delivered to Brig'. Gen' Silliman or order, for the use of the armed veeselk 
fitting out by him for the defence of this State. 

Gave an order on Dr. Sam' Gray for three dozen officers shirts to be 
delivered to John Elderkin, quarter-master of Col. Charles Webb's battalion, 
for the use of the officers of that battalion. 

Gave an order on Mr. Andrew Huntington to deliver to Qr. M. Andrew 
Whe&fcley of Col. Durkee's regiment as many hats and knapsacks [as] are at 
present wanted for that battalion. 

At a mbbtino of the Govkbnob and Coukcil op Safety, April 10™, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer. Wm. Hillhouse, f 

Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales jun', ^Eeq". 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 

This Board referred the account of Elihu Crane to the Pay-Table to allow 
and draw on the Treasurer for payment, being £15 7 6, for carrying a 
load of flints left at Durham last winter by a team going with them to 
Peekskill, and tired in the deep snow &c. 

Voted, To di-aw on the Pay-Table for the sum of four thousand pounds, 
in favour of Uapt. John Deshon, for the purpose of importing salt and neces- 
sary stores for this State &c., and to be in account, 

Voled, To give an order on Capt. Jabez Perkins to deliver one bbl. of 
molasses to the dvil authority and selectmen of Groton, for the use of the 
continental soldiers under inoculation in Groton, and to render their account. 
Order (f lo Mr. Tkom. Chester, April 1&\ Xlll. 
Major Nathan Gallup is appointed instead of Luke Perkins, Esq', deceased, 
to assist in apprizing damages done to Mr. Jon'" Chester of Groton by building 
the forts at Groton, by building said forts on his land ; and if any objection 
arises against Maj. Gallup, then the committee to agree with Capt. Chester 

Voted, To draw an order on the Pay-Table in favour of Capt. Jon'" Ches- 
ter for £5 0, in part for his land taken for the forts at Groton. 

Order li' to Mr. Thos. Chester, inclosed in a Utter. 



Hosted by 



Google 



206 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [■'^pnl, 

Jacob Fox is appointed Second Lieutenant in Capt. Join Shumway's 
company, in the room of Joel Gillet resigned. 

Voted, That Sam' Gray, Esq', be and he is hereby directed to deliver 
unto Blias Mather, quarter-master to Col. Wm. Douglass's regiment, one 
hundred and thirty jackets, 124 pair of breeches, three dozen of officers 
shirts, for the use of said regiment : said officers who receive said shirte to 
account for the same ; and take said Mather's receipt. 

Voted, To give order to Dr. Sam' Gray, Esq', to deliver Maj. K. Gray- 
and Capt. Nath" Webb lour shirts each, and to be accountable. 

An order d" to Gen. Dyer April 10"', 17T7. 

At a mebtihg of thk Governor anii Coukcil of Safkty, April 1 I™, 1-777.. 
Present: His Honor the Governor, 

Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales juo', v Elsq"'. 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 

Capt. Abner Bacon is appointed Captain in Col. Durkee's battalion, in- 
the room of Capt. Nathan Peters resigned. 

Great part of this day was spent in deliberating on the best measures for 
filling up the continental army. 

Voted, That Seth Harding, Esq', be and he is hereby appointed Captain 
and Commander of the ship Oliver Cromvall during the pleasure of the Gen- 
eral Assembly or this Board. 

Voted, That Timothy Parker be and he is hereby appointed First Lieuten- 
ant of the ship Oliver Crimiwell during pleasure. 

Voted, That John Chapman be and he is hereby appointed Seiwud Lieu- 
tenant of the ship Oliver Cromwell during pleasure. 

Voted, That John Smith of East Hartford be and he is hereby apppointed 
Third Lieutenant of the ship Oliver Cromwell during pleasure. 

Voted, That Capt. Eliphalet Roberts be and he is hereby appointed Cap- 
tain of Marines on board the ship Oliver Cromwell during pleasure. 

Voted, John Prentice 2' be and he is hereby appointed First Lieutenant 
of Marines on board the ship Oliver Cromwell dnriog pleasure. 

Voted. That Bela Elderkin be and he is hereby appoint-ed Second Lieu- 
tenant of Marines on board the Oliver Cromwell during pleasure. 

Voted, That Capt. Joaiah Bumam be and he is hereby appointed Master 
of the ship Oliver Cromwell during pleasure. 

Capt. Wm. Coit is discharged from the ship Oliver Cromwell on the 14"" 
of April instant. 

Inlisting orders went out to Capt. Harding for infisdng men for a new 
crew for the ship Oliver Cromwell, to serve tmtill the 14* of October next 
unless sooner discharged. 

THE Governor and Council of Safety, April 12", 1777, 

SATCBDAy. 

Present : His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph" Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Nath Wales jun', i- Esq". 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 20T 

This day was chiefly spent in consulting on the best measures for lining 
up the continental army. 

Silas Boldget is appointed First Lieutenant in Capt. Walbridge's com- 
pany in Col. Charles Webb's battalion, instead of John Waterbury 4"^, who- 
is removed into Capt. Hoit's company in Col. Bradley's battalion, 

A letter was sent to Brig. Gen' Silliman containing orders to keep the 
utmost vigilance over the enemy supposed to be collecting in N. York in 
order to make a push up the North River to destroy our magazines at Dan- 
bury and other places iu those parts, and to raise his brigade for defence if 
he judges it needful, and to give the earliest intelligence to the Governor 
and Council of every alarming appearance of danger in bis department. 

A permit was given to Capt. Isaac HiUiyard to carry 3800 pounds of 
flax out of this State into the Massachueeta Bay, for the inhabitants there, 
with orders that said permit to be indorsed to prevent fraud. 

Voted and resolved, Thex Col, Latimer, or the commanding officer of the 
3' regiment, do immediately draft and call forth two hundred men of hia 
regiment to take post at New London for the same service and defence- 
assigned to the military companys now there and whose time is nearly ex- 
pired, and to serve for a term not exceeding one month, and linder such 
commission oflacers of his regiment as he, said commanding officer, shall 
assign, and himself to take ^e chief command of them during the term 
aforesaid. Oder d' Maj. Mlhouse to carry. 

And on much consideration he. the following draft for a resolve and 
proclamation for the purpose of hastening and promoting the raising the 
continental army, being prepared, is revised, considered &c. and pass'd, vier 

A Beeolve and ProclamaUon. 
Whereas notwithstanding the encouragement given by the Honourable 
Continental Congress, and by the General Assembly of this State, and the 
generous exertions of the towns and of individuals in said State, in conse- 
quence of the ACTS and norwGS of said Assembly and this Board, to raise- 
and furnish our quota of the Continental army: For the great aud unspeak- 
. ably important purposes of defending all our propt^ty, our lives, and all Ike 
jmviUges, which render life desirable, and secure any of its blessings to 

POSTERITY. 

The said quota or proportion of said army is not yet compleated in this- 
State, and the time swiftly approaches and is almost arrived, when without 
more vigorous and successful efforts all is lost; there is therefore no more 
time to spare; while the great laws of reason, virtue and seKpreaervation, 
call aloud for universal attention to this great object, of far greater import- 
ance than any other temporal concern. It is therefore once more, most press- 
ingly and earnestly recommended to all whom it may concern to use every 
influence and exertion, immediately to fill up the quota of .the respective 
towns, and forthwith to engage in this so greatly important and necessary 
service, which cannot be longer neglected, without the most imminent haz- 
ard of ruin and destruction to this State and Continent, and unless the said 
army be immediately filled, constant, rotations of the Militia and Husband 
men must be called off, which would afford the dismal, certain prospect of 
being devoured by famine. It is then in every view the duty and interest 
of all, to exert themselves to promote and encourage this great and good 
work, and of a sufficient number of able and effective men forthwith to un- 



Hosted by 



Google 



208 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [April, 

dettake for defence of their country, and oc the reasonable and generous 
rewards and encouragements offered them. And they have great reason to 
rely upon the protection and blessing of God Almighty, and to put their 
trust in him for success in this our righteous cause, though for our manifold 
sins He is pleased to suffer us to labour under so many delays and difBcul- 
ties. But the voice and tokens of his providence now seem clearly to point 
out that longer delay would be fatal and destructive to ourselves and all 
succeeding generations: And as some are absolutely necessary at home for 
many great purposes, as well as to afford necessaries for the subsistanee of 
those abroad; it is high time and highly necessary that each should take 
their several stations, and that every exertion to which God has enabled ua, 
should be made, as we would do our duty to Him and save ourselves and 
country, and avoid the keenest remorse and anguish for having neglected 
any means in our power to preserve and transmit to our children, tbe most 
precious privileges that ever any people were blessed with. 

Thehefokb as a most reasonable, just and necessary measure, in the 
present situation of our public affairs, it is resolved, recommended and 
ordered, by this Board, that the commission ofBcers of every company in 
ea«h town, and field ofBcers residing therein, do immediately, and within 
one day after receiving this order, or as soon as possible, meet together, and 
find how many are wanting and deficient in each town of their quota of said 
army, according to the stating thereof lately made and sent out, and there- 
upon the commission and field officers within such towns shall immediately 
divide and class all the men of each company, within the same, into as many 
equal numbers or classes as there are deficiencies in such towns; in which 
classing, such officers shall include all persons formed, or to be formed by 
law, into Alarm companies; and use their best discretion; and such classes 
shall be entered and enrolled; and all such conipanies shall be convened by 
order of the chief officer thereof, and be by said officers &o. called upon, and 
earnestly invited, freely to inlist into said army; and be also notified of such 
division and classing, and each of such divisions called upon to turn out, 
furnish or inlist one able man into some company of our eight battalions. 
And in case any such division or class shall, by the space of three days, fml 
or neglect to inlist. or procure one such man to be inlisted as aforesaid; and 
to give notice thereof to the Captain, or chief officer of the company to 
which he did belong, it shall be the duty of every such Captain, or chief 
officer of such company, with the advice of his Subalterns; and he is hereby 
required, without further order, to draft and detach one suitable and able 
man from each of said divisions, who shall be joined to the nearest and 
most convenient company in any of said eight battalions where he may be 
needed, and equipped and furnished in the same manner as the inlisted 
soldiers — and march with them for the same services; and to be held 
therein until the first day of Jwniuiry next, unless sooner discharged — to 
which discharge he or they shall be entitled by lot, as fast as his or their 
place can be supplied by voluntary inlistments into the Continental army 
from the town to which he or theybelong, or upon his or their procuring 
another fit person to take his or their place; and all such detached persons 
shall have the same wages and rations as the Continental soldiers; and the 
detaching officer shall give immediate notice o{ the name of the person so 
detached, to the Captain of the next Continental company, which may not 
have its compliment of men, or his next officer to be come at; who will be 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 209 

authorized to take sucli detached person or persona into said company; and 
every such detached person who shall go into the service, and continue for 
the term aforesaid, shall be allowed at the end thereof a bounty of thebe 
POUNDS, and so in proportion for any shorter term, provided he shall volun- 
tarily engage in said service (before marching) until the said first day of 
January next ; and all such persona shall return the arms, blankets and 
' accoutrements, which may be supplied them, at the end of the service, unless 
lost without the default of the bearer. And if any persons so detached shall 
neglect or refuse to march in, and perform said service, they shall be liable 
to the penalty in manner a& provided by a law of this Stat-e, passed in 
December last, and thereupon will ncft be liable to be taken into such com- 
pany as aforesaid; and such penalty shall be applied to procure a fit person 
to inlist into the Continental anny, or to take the place of such person so 
declining and incurring said penalty according to the provision of said law. 
And all such officers are to make return of their doings, by virtue of this 
Resolve, to the General Assembly, or in their recess to his Honour the Gov- 
ernor and Council of Safety. 
[Given under my Hand, hy and toitk the Advice and Resolve of said Council 

of Safety this mk day of April, A. D. 1777. 

Jonathan Trumbull.]* 

And adjourned to Monday morning next. 

At a meeting of the Govesnor and Cooncil of Safety, Monday the 
14th of April, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, Wm. Hilhouse, 1 ^ „ 

Wm. Williams, Nath. Wales, f "^ " 

Many things coDSulted and considered. 

The foregoing order, about filling up the army &c., bro't in, were cor- 
rected with the pen, folded, directed and dispatched to the officers through- 
out the Colony, by various . persons. A work of considerable time and 
trouble. 

There not being a quorum, no material votes were pass'd. Many persons 
in on various applications, their matters considered &c. 



* The words within brackets are cancelled on the printed broadside inserted In 
the book. Three days later this explanatory proclamation was issued, which is 
printed from a handbul in the editor's possession: 

State of Gonrtectiiyut. 
By the Govkrnok. 
Whereas a doubt Las arisen, whether those persons who may be detached, 
agreeable to the resolve and proclamation issued by the Governor and Council of 
Safety, on the 13th instant, to fill up the eight battalions raising in this State.; may 
after such detachment inlist into the one and an half battalions raising in this State In 
addition to said eight. 

HeerHved, Tbat said proclamation did not design, neither doth it intend, to pre- 
vent any person detached as aforesaid, from inlisting into any of said nine and an 
half battalions, as thej shall chuse. and they have liberty to do the same; non-com- 
missioned officers are included in the number mentioned in the quota of each town; 
the commission officers are not. 

Sii^n under my hand at Lebanon (ft^ ISth da}/ of April, 1777. 

Jonathan Trumbcll. 
14 



Hosted by 



Google 



210 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [April, 

At a Meeting &c. April I3Th, 1777. Tuesday. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Williams, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales jud', t Eeq". 
' Benj. Huntington, ) 

Voted, That an order be drawn on the Pay-Table for three hundred 
pounds, in favour of Capt. Nath' Saltonstall, to be in advance for his com- 
pany, be giving bond for the faithful use of the monies tie shall so draw- 
according to law. Order d" to. LI. Dee, April 16'", 1777. 

Vbled, To give order to the overseers of the furnace at, Salisbury, that 
after supplying what cannon and shot are ordered to the northward they 
send tbe remainder, as well those belonging to Messrs. Porter and Norton 
as those belonging to the State, to Hartford, New Haven and Fairfield, in 
such proportion as his Honor the Governor shall direct, and that they send 
all the pig iron to Hartford, 

Allowed an account of Jos. Abel of Lebanon for carrying in Feb. last 1 
h' rum and 1 do, molasses from Norwich to Hartford, for the use of the 
cannon foundery at Salisbury, being £4 2 0, and order drawn 

Delivered Col. Willianii'. 
Great part of this day taken up in preparing letters to Congress and our 
Delegates, in answer to theirs, and about the measures pursuing for filling 
up our army &c. &c,, and to Gen' Washington &c. And adjourned to 
Thursday next, 8 o'clock a. m. 

At a Meeting op the Governor and Council of Safety, April I 7th, 17T7. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 

Jabea Huntington, Nath' Wales jun', ! 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, J 

^ Voted, Tliat the men belonging to any town in this State who have 
inlisted or shall inlist into the continental train shall be considered as part 
of the quota of men to be raised in such town for the continentaJ service 
not exceeding one hundred and seventy in the whole. 

Voted. To draw an order on Sam' Gray, Esq', to deliver four linen shirts 
to Lt. Col. Thoa. Dyer, four do. to Capt. Sanford Kingsbury, and 4 do. to 
Thos. Gray, surgeon's mal« in the continental service. 

Order d" Capt. Kingsbury April IT^, 1777. 
Mr. Whiting, one of the managers of the cannon foundery at Salisbury, 
moves for a settlement of his allowance for future service there if he contin- 
ues therein, and on consideration of the matter and his allegations &c., it is 
voted and agreed to allow him at the rat« of fifteen shillings per diem for 
his .service aa an overseer and manager and for bis keeping and seeing all 
the accounts regularly and well kept and wholly attending to tbe business 
thereof: he finding himself a horse to use about the furnace business and his 
own boarding and fire-wood kc., which terms he accepts and agrees to carry 
the business as aforesaid. 

Voted, To direct the overseers of the furnace to procure and take up the 
pasture in Salisbury belonging to Mr. Richard Smith, for the use of the 
teams employed to carry on the furnace. Leitw sent April J5*, 1 777. 

Voted, To Bend to Mr. Benj. Henshaw to find the cost of building a 
bridge over Ousatannock in Salisbury, where its wanted for the uge of the 
furnace, and make report to this Board. Letter stnt April 18'", 1777. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICnT. ' 211 

A number of commissions for alarm Hat officers for the whole town of 
Stonington and variona other places were made out and sent forward. 

A multitude of queries sent in from different parts about the construc- 
tiou of. the proclamation and order for classing and draughting men to fill 
up the continental army, which took much time to answer. 

At a Mbbtinq of the Governor anh Council of Safety, Apbil ITth, 177T. 
Present: Hia Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 

Jz. Huntington, Nath' Wales jun", 

Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington 

Sundry letters were wrote to the overseers of the furnace and others on 
publick afiairs. 

Voted, To allow an account of £54 5 0, to Col. Sam' Abbott for IS 
guns by him purchased for the use of Col. Jed. Huntington's battalion, and 
ordered the Pay-Table to draw for the same. 

Order d^ to Gen. Huntington Ajfril 18* 1777. 

Voted, To draw on Isaac Doolittle and company for six hundred and 
twenty-five pounds of powder, in favour of the selectmen of Waterbury, 
and take their receipt. Order d" to Mr. Holchkiss. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of £8 14 0, in favour of 
John Alden, for service in conveying 20,0(10 dollars to Gen' Knox by order 
of Gen' Washington, and to keep account thereof as the continent. 

Voted, TodrawonthePay-Table, in favour of Dan' Strong, for £15 16 3, 
in favour of Daniel Strong, for the ballance due to him lor carting a load of 
cloathing to Skeensborough in August, 1776, the whole expence of the jour- 
ney being £25 16 3, and Cr. for £10 received by him out of the 
treasury leaves the above sum of £15. 16. 3. 

Order drawn April 15*, 1177. 

Voted, To allow an account of Mr. Roger Alden, for the sum of £6 18 6, 
for supporting John Beedie and his party on the 14"' of Nov'', 1776, in 
bringing a number o£ tory convicts sent by the governments committee 
from Stratford, and that an account thereof be kept with that of fifteen- 
pounds six shillings and five pence paid said Beedie. Said sum of £15. 6. 5 
is to be seen Book 3^ page 85,* 

Order <?■ to Gen. Dyer April IS* 1777. 

James Mason, a tory prisoner at Norwich sent hither by the convention 
of N. York, is permitted to return to said convention at Kingston in the 
State of N, York and there to submit himself to their direction. 

Many matters and questions &c. 

Agreed to meet at New London next Monday, to consider the situation 
of many things there &c., and adjourned accordingly. 



Monday, April 21. 1777 
Safety at Norwich, c 


, At a MBETiNa OF the Governor and Councii 
IN THE WAY TO N. London, at Gen'' Huntinoton'; 


Present : 


His Honor the Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, "j 
Ja, Huntington, 
Wm. Williams, } Esq". 
Jed. Biderkin, 1 
Nath" Wales, J 


*AnU,p.5r 





Hosted by 



Google 



212 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [-A^pril, 

Appointed Dr. Philip Turner Director of the Hospital and Hospital 
Stores of tlie State of Connecticut in the continental army. 

And proceeded to N. London. Put up at Mr. Shaw's and considered 
and discussed sundry matters. 

Tuesday, 22d April. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

Hon. D. Governor Griswold. 
E. Dyer, Titus Hosmer, ] 

Jz. Huntington, Wm, Hilhouse, I „ „ 

Wm. WiUiams, Natli' Wales, \ '^'^^ ' 

Jed. Blderkin. J 

A. M. Viewed all the adjacent hills &c. about Fort Trumbull, at 
Mamacock, and proceeded to the fort and viewed and examined the works 
there &c., and went on board the ship Oliver VTomwell and viewed that &c., 
and then pass'd over to the fort at Groton &c. and return'd to N. London 
about 3 o'clock p. m. 

Wrote letter of directions to Mr. Eliot, our agent, about prizes &c. in 
Massachusets, and to Cap. Smedley, concerning two prizes taken by said 
Smedley and sent in to Boston and Dartmouth &c. This done before view- 
Cap. Wm Coit, late of the ship 0. Cromvmll, appiy'd &c., complaining 
of hard treatment, in being dismiss'd from said ship &c., and moves also to 
have a committee appointed to assist in examining the accounts of his 
officers &c. &c. And thereupon appointed Cap. Jn" Deshon, Eb'' Ledyard, 
Esq., and Cap. Jos. Hurlbut, a committee to examine and adjust the ac- 
counts of Wm. Coit, late captain, and ofBcers of the ship Oliver Cromwell 
against said ship. The wages of the officers, seamen and marines, to be set- 
tled agreeable to contract with said officers &c. at their engaging in the 
service. And Mr. Nath' Shaw, as agent for this State, is directed to attend 
said gentlemen on said examination, and appear and act for and in behalf 
of this State in the business aforesaid. Copy given Cap. Coil. 

Considered the propriety of removing the cannon &c. from Fort Trum- 
bull to Groton, as had been proposed, the back of the same not inclosed, and 
liable to an attack on the land side &c. And on the question, resolved that 
it is not expedient to remove them at present. 

Voted, That eight field-pieces, in addition to what are now at N. London 
and Groton. be procured and furnished with carriages, soon as may be, for 
use at or near said forts as shall be ordered, 

Wednesday, 23". Voted, that Ool. Latimer, commander of 200 men 
lately ordered to and for defence at N. London &c., be and he is instructed 
and ordered, with the advice of Col. Waters the engineer, to employ such 
number of said men as are skillful and may be profitably used in blowing 
rooks, to perform that service at Fort Trumbull, and also such number as 
may be necessary for guards at said fort, and that the remainder he em- 
ployed under the proper direction of said engineer in carrying on the works 
at Groton Fort. Copy given Col. Latimer. 

Mr. David Bushnell, with Col. Worthington. appiy'd and exhibited a 
specimen of a new invention for annoying ships &c. &c., and on motion &c. 
voted him an order on officers, agents, commissarys, to afEord him assistance 
of men, boats, powder, lead &c. as he shall call &c. &c. 

Delivered him at large. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICDT. 218 

Wednesday, 2;i, at Norwich ob return home. Granted to Mr, Adam 
Babcock (who we met there) leave to purchase of Col. Porter 1 4-pound 
cannon and 6 swivels and assortment of shot, and to pay Porter for them; 
and the overseers were ordered to allow them to be delivered &c., and letter 
wrote accordingly. 

Thursday 24. Pdblic Fast thbo' this Colory. 



Present : His Honor the Governor, 
p. m. Hon. D. Governor Griswold. 
Jz. Huntington, Nath' Wales. 

Wm. Williams, p. m. Eliph' Dyer, 

Jed. Elderkin, p. m. Wm. Hilhonse, 

Titus Hosm<'r. 

Many persons applying about various questions &c &c. 

Voted and advised, That Caleb Abel, constable of Lebanon, deliver to Lt. 
Hez. Tracey £10 of the money he has of one Roew' Bourn, which he has as 
security for said Bourn having been arrested for a theft &c., and expences 
having been about pursuing said Bourn &c., and that said Abel be not re- 
sponsible for more than he returns &c., and that it is advisable for said 
Bourn to go on in the service &,c. And a copy more at large is given, de- 
livered said Tracey, 

It being represented to this Board by Col. Jos. Thompson, that his com- 
pany on duty at N. Haven are willing and desirous to accept an equivalent 
for their rations in bread and meat only : Voted and resolved, that Colo. 
Jona. Fitch, commissary of this State, do and shall deliver to the soldiers of 
said company one pound of bread or flour and one pound and half of beef, 
or eighteen ounces of pork per diem in lieu of and as an equivalent to Iheir 
single rations, and to the officers their additional rations in like proportions. 
This rule to be observed until! otherwise ordered by the General Assembly 
or this Board. Order d^ Col. Thompson. 

Letters received from many quarters &c. and account of another prize 
of Cap, Smedley's, called the Grog, being arriv'd at Plimouth, and letters 
wrote to Cap. Smedley, to Mr Shaw (going there) and Messrs Watson and 
Spooner, concerning the three prizes lately sent in by said Smedley &c. 
Aad appointed said Sam' Smedley Captain of the arm'd brig Defente. In- 
formed him of it in his letter, and that his commission should be sent him. 

Letters received from Gen. Gates : informs that he is appointed Com- 
mander at the northward, and most pressingly requests the eastern troops 
&c. he. — inclosing copys of many letters representing the danger they are 
in &c. &c, &c. and requesting the Governor lx> write to the States of Massa- 
chusets and N. Hampshire &;c. 

At a meeting &c, Saturday, 26 April, 1777. 
JVesewi .■ His Honor the Governor. 

Hon. D. Governor Griswold, 
late. Elip' Dyer, Nath' Wales. 

Jz. Huntington, Wm, Hilhouse, 

Wm. WilUamiS, Jed, Elderkin, 

Titus Hosmer 



Hosted by 



Google 



214 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [-A-pril, 

On application by lett«r from Mr. Hecehaw for a guard &c. and the 
reasons for it, about the furnace &c., and voted, that he procure 4 men to 
guard each night ; 2 at a time, of such as he can trust &c. and that they 
shall be rewarded, and to be under their direction &c., and contain'd in a 
letter to him &c. 

Letters received from Congress containing a number of resolves &c. 

Letters prepared and dispatched to Counci! at Boston and N. Hampshire, 
pressing them to hasten on their troops &c. agreeable to the desire of Gen' 
Gates &c., and also to Gen' Gates in answer to his &c. 

Commissions filled up, in Col. Worthington's alarm roll and for the con- 
tinental array. 

Many persons applying about various questions &c. 

Letter to Mr, Eliot, agent in Massachusetts, about the prizes of Cap. 
Smedley, especially the last, called the brig Grog, at Piimouth; and also to 
Messrs. Watson and Spoonerat Piimouth, who have taken care of said prize 
&c., and sent by Alden, prize master. 

VotedanddrcwanorderdrawnonDr. Gray, for 4 shirts for Cap. And. Fitcl). 
do. on do, for 4 do. for Sam' Gray jun'. 

do. on do. for do. for Jn" White, 

do. on do. for do. forCap.Vine Elderkin. 

taking their receipts to be accountable. 

Sabbath day, ^Tth April, 1777. 
The Council met on the alarming accounts from the westward of troops 
landing at Fairfield, and others going up the North River &c. &c, received 
by expresses from Gen. Wadsworth last evening. 

Present : His Honor the Governor. 
D. Governor Griswold. '^ 
E. Dyer, Jed. Elderkin, j 

Jz. Huntington, B. Huntington, V Esq". 
W. Williams. N. Wales, ( 

Titiis Hosmer, J 

Took into consideration the aforesaid intelligence, and this day further 
account from Col. Jed. Huntington at Danbury, that 18 ships and 
troops Sic. are going up the North River near Peekskill, and at night news 
that Danbury was on fire and our stores taken &c. Mnch discourse about 
the matter and about raising the forces of the west &c. &c. &c. and conclude 
that Gfen' Huntington go on westward, and with full power to call forth and 
order as many militia as he shall find necessary upon the appearance of the 
matter &c., and drew up orders &c., and hastening the continental troops &c. 
, Gave Lt. Thos. Bingham an order on Dr. Gray for two officers shirts, he 
to be accountable. 



At a 



D C0UN< 



pSaj 



■, April 28th, 1777. 



Present : 



His 



s Honor the Governor. 
His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Nath' WaJes jun', "l 

Wm. Williams, Benj Huntington, I ^ ,, 
Titus Hosmer, Wm. Hillhouse, f ^ " 

Jed" Elderkin. J 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 215 

William Starr of Goshen is appointed Ensign in Capt. Chapman's com- 
pany in Col. Swift's battalion, instea<3 of David Eusco resigned. 

Thomas Starr S* is appointed Ensign in. Capt. Woodbridge's company in 
Col. Swift's battalion, instead of Adino Hale resigned. 

F". Philemon Hall of Guilford is appointed Ensign in Capt. Hall's company 
in Col. Swift's battalion, instead of Dan Collins resigned. 

Gave an order on Sam' Gray, Esq', to deliver Lt. Col. Josiah Starr such 
articles of cloathing as he wants for the use of the battalion under command 
of Coi. Swift and take receipt. 

Gave an order on Dr. Joshua Blderkin to deliver to Lt. Col. Josiah Starr 
400 soldiers shirts and such articles of cloathing as he wants for Col. Swift's 
battalion, and take receipt. Also for two dozen ofBcers shirts, taking 
receipt &c. 

Voled, To lend to the Continental Paymaster for the northern department 
forty thousand dollars_, An order given Ihis day. 

Gave an order on Sam' Gray, Esq', to deliver to Lt. Col. Meigs fifty 
shirts for soldiers, for the battalion he belongs to, and to take his receipt. 
Also for one dozen officers shirts. 

Voted, To draw on Messrs. Wales and Elderkin for sixty-four pounds of 
powder to be delivered to Cap. James Chamberlain of a troop of horse within 
the fourth regiment of horse in this State sixty -four pounds of powder for 
the use of the said troop to be kept and disposed of by order of the commis- 
sion officers of said troop. Order d^ io Capt James Chamberlam. _ — ' 

Gave an order on Elderkin h Wales for 250 lb. of powder, in favour of 
the selectmen of the town of Toland. Order d* to Capt. Ja. Chamberlain. 

Gave an order on Messrs. Elderkin & Wales for three hundred pound 
■weight of musquet gun-powder, in favour of the selectmen of the town of 
Coventry, and take their receipt. 

Gave an order on Messrs. Elderkin & Wales for 150 lb. of musquet 
powder, in favour of the selectmen of Bolton, to be accounted for. 

Order d? to Capt. Pitkin. 

The Rev" Ichabod Lewis is appointed Chaplain to Col. Bradley's regi- 
ment, instead of Isaac Lewis. 

Job Smith is appointed Paymaster in Col. Bradley's battalion, instead of 
Hez*" Rogers. 

Elijah Chapman is promoted to be First Lieutenant in Capt. Chiids 
company in Col. Bradley's regiment, instead of George Griswold resigned. 

Edward Palmer is promoted to be Second Lieutenant in the same 
company. 

Benj, Converse is appointed to be Ensign in the same company. 

Gorham is appointed Ensign in the same company. 

John Hubbard is appointed Ensign in Capt. Lacey's company in the 
same regiment. 

Othniel Clark is appointed Ensign in Capt. Prior's company in the same 
battalion. 

Daniel Bradley is appointed Ensign in Capt. Hoit's company in the same 
battalion, instead of Cotton Mather resigned. 

Cornelius Higgins is appointed Second Lieutenant in Capt. Catlin's com- 
pany in the same battalion. 

Elias Child is appointed Ensign in the same company. 

Wm. Benshaw is appointed Ensign in Capt. Wright's company in the 
same battalion. 



Hosted by 



Google 



2l6 coiruciL OP safety [April, 

Voted, To refer the question from the troops at N, London, respecting 
the allowance of the troops there, to the consideration of the General Assem- 
bly to settle a general rule for the allowance for all the troops in the service 
of this State. 

At a meeting op the Governor and Cocncii. of Safety, April 29", 1 777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Nath' Wales jun', ~| 

Wm. Williams. Benj. Huntington, ! „ „ 

Titus Hosmer, Jed'' Elderkin, ( ^^ ' 

Wm. Hillhouse, J 

Voted, That orders be given to the overseers of the furnace at Salisbury 
to supply the selectmen of Greenwich with 4 3 or 4-pounders for field-pieces, 
and shot in proportion to what they have on hand ; and in case none are to 
be had but such cannon as are claimed by Col. Porter and Mr. Norton, then 
to furnish them out of theirs, taking an account of the weight thereof. 

Voted, That Mr. Andrew Huntington of Norwich be and he is hereby 
appointed and directed to procure the two field-pieces made by Elijah 
Backus, Esq', to be mounted on proper field-carriages of a simple plain con- 
straction, convenient and fit for use, as soon as may be. 

Voted, That Ebenezer Ledyard, Esq', of Groton be and he is hereby 
appointed and directed to find what field-carriages are at and about N. 
London and Groton. proper and suitable for field-cannon there not yet 
mounted that are fit for that use, and that he procure six field-pieces which 
are now on hand to be forthwith mounted and fitted for use at N. London 
and Groton. 

Orders were given to the colonels and commanding officers oE the eastern, 
that is, the S^'a"-, 20"", 21" regiments of militia in this State, as follows, viz: 
To Col. of the regiment of militia in the Colony of 

Connecticut. 

The present operations of the enemy and their descent on the western 
parts of this State opens an alarming prospect of the designs of the enemy 
this year to lay waste the New England States, and has already roused into 
motion a great part of our militia west of Connecticut River to oppose 
the enemy in that quarter. It is not improbable that the enemy may sud- 
denly change the place of their operations from the western to the eastern 
parts of this or the neighbouring States, which calls upon us in this 
quarter to be in immediate preparation to exert ourselves on the most sudden 
alarm.— You are therefore directed and ordered, to give notice to the aeveral 
captains or oommandere of every company witliin your regiment to see that 
their respective companies are properly and immediately 'furnished, equipped 
and made ready to march to any place that may be attacked or infested by 
the enemy, on the shortest notice, and each town to collect and deposite in 
some convenient place or places all such military stores and articles which 
may be necessary on such occasion. 

At a mbetino &c. Wednesday, 30™ April. 
PYesenl : His Honor the Governor. 

Deputy Governor Griswold. 
Ja. Huntington, Titus Hosmer, (pi, 

Wm. Williams, Wm. Hillhouse, \ ^ ' 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 217 

Brown tliis morning returned, express from Congress &c., bringing a con- 
firmation of the account that the enemy had destroy'd the stores at Danbury, 
burnt many houses &c. fee. and retiring back &c. And an express soon 
aiter with a letter from G*n. Silliman with further accounts, and that Gen. 
Wooster is mortally wounded, Dr. Atwater, Col. Gould kill'd &c., and the 
enemy got back and on board their ships &c. Some skirmishes, and kill'd, 
both sides. Considered what to be done &c. &c. 

Gave order on Hez. Perkins, Norwich, to deliver Lt. Thos. Bingham 31 
continental arms. 

Letters dispatched various ways &c. 

Resolve of Congress came by Brown, ordering Gov. Franklin to be 
closely confined without pen, ink &c. &c., and considered and ordered him 
to Litchfield goal, and orders and warrant prepared to the sheriff of Hart- 
ford county to convey him under proper guard forthwith to Litchfield &c., 
and instructions also to the sheriff of Litchfield &c., and all inclosed and sent 
to Sheriff Williams, (by a man who brought letters from Mr. Babcock, news 
from Danbury &c.) 

Voted an order on Titus Hosmer, Esq', to deliver the selectmen of 
Lebanon one thousand weight of flax in his hands belonging to this State 
lately brought from Fairfield: they paying prime cost and charge of trans- 
portation. 

Voted, Tliat his Honor the Governor be desired to apply for arms, accou- 
trements, blankets &c. lately arrived in the Eastern States on continental 
account, for the use of our troops; and also for more eloathing. 

At a mektinq of the Governor and Council of Safety, May 4th, 1777, 
Sabbath day, on special call. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Eliph' Dyer, Jed" Elderkin, ) 

Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales jiin', [ Esq". 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 

Voted. That Capt. Joshua Huntington of Norwich deliver one hundred 
barrels of the continental powder in his care to Ebenezer Devotion, Esq', of 
Windham or order; one hundred do. to Capt. Jeremiah Ripley of Coventry 
or order, and that he provide teams and transport one hundred do, to 
Lebanon and there deliver the same to the care of Mr. David Trum- 
bull. And said Devotion and Ripley are hereby appointed and directed to 
provide teams with proper orders to apply to said Capt. Huntington and 
receive said powder directed to their care respectively, to be by them safely 
kept till further orders. 

Orders were sent to Messrs. Devotion, Ripley and Capt. Huntington May 
.4**, 1777. 

Voted, That Capt. Jabez Perkins be and he is hereby directed to sell out 
the salt in his hands belonging to this State to the inhabitants at his discre- 
tion, not exceeding one bushell to any Que man, at the lawful price, and 
render his account. Copy sent May .4", 1777. hf f?*"' Huntington. 

Voted, To give orders for removing 30 hogsheads of molasses belonging to 
this State now at Norwich to the West Farms, Potapaugue and New Concord, 
to [be] deposited there for safety, at the discretion of Capt, Jabez Perkins, 
who is hereby directed to take the necessary steps to dothe same accord^ 
jngly. 



Hosted by 



Google 



218 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [May, 

Also voted, That Capt. Jz. Perkins deliver forty hogsheads of said 
molasees to Mr. Andrew Huntington, to be distilled for pubHck use. 

Copy d* to Gen' Huntington, 
Voted, To give orders to Gen' Huntiagton to deliver one thousand 
pounds of the Colony powder in his bands to the selectmen of Norwich, to 
be accounted for as received as town stock. 

Order given May 4."; 1777, rf* to Gen. Huntington. 
Voted, To give orders to Capt. Ephraim Bill to deliver to Eben' Devo- 
tion, Esq', of Windham, ten hogsheads of sugar and fourteen hogsheads of 
ram in his hands, to be stored for the publick. Also, that he deliver to 
Capt. Jeremiah Kipley of Coventry ten hogsheads of sugar and fifteen hogs- 
heads rum. Also that he deliver to Mr. David Trumbull of Lebanon ten 
hogsheads ol sugar and fifteen hogsheads of the rum aforesaid, for the 
same purpose, taking their receipt. 

OTder (f to Gen. Hunttngion, May ^"', 1777. 

Voted, That Col. Elderkin and Mr. Wales be and they are hereby 
appointed and directed to prepare and mount a field-piece now in Windham 
on a proper field-carriage for publick use as soon 8s possible. 

Copy d' to Co!. Elderkin May 4."', 1777. 

Gave orders to the colonels and commanding officers of the S"", 8"', 11* 
r 12'", 21", 22'' and 25'" regiments of mOitia in this State to draught and 
draw on to the forts at N. London and Groton one fourth of their said regi- 
ments of militia and alarm list under proper officers, to be there untill 
relieved by the continental army. 

Resolved and voted, That the commanding officers of the continental 
battalions of this State be directed to apply to any of the civil authority of 
the same aa may be necessary, to furnish the soldiers inlist«d within the 
same with blankets ; and the said authority are hereby directed and im- 
powed to grant warrants to suitable persons to impress blankets for the use 
of said soldiers from their respective towns to which the said soldiers 
belong, causing the same to be apprized and delivered to the commanding 
officers or their order, taking their receipts for the same, and that the 
account of the price of said blankets with the officers receipts be laid before 
the Committee of Pay-Table for payment. 

Copy d' to Col. Huntington May }^, 1777. 

Gave orders to Brig' Gen' Wadsworth to order one fourth part of his 
brigade, properly officered, to N. Haven, for defence of the coast there: 
the officers to be appointed by him. 

Gave orders to Brig' Gen' Silliman to order one fourth part of his 
brigade to the sea coast in the county of Fairfield for defence, under proper 
officers to be by him appointed for that purpose. 

Voted, That Col. Jed" Elderkin be and he is hereby appointed to procure 
six men and twelve horses to go to Portsmouth and apply to John Langdon, 
Esq', for six of the continental brass field-pieces in his hands with their 
carriages and apparatus, and bring them here for defence as soon as may be ; 
and that proper orders be drawn on said Langdon to deliver the same 
accordingly. Copy d" to Col. Elderkin May Jf'\ 1777. And broke up. 

Monday 5*". Governor gave order on N. Haven, or any other powder- 
mill, to deliver selectmen of Stamford 600 weight of musquet or cannon 
powder. 



Hosled by 



Google 



■Asmstantg. 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 



At a General Assembly op the Governor and Company op the 

State op Connecticut in New England in America, holdbn 

AT HaBTFOED on the SECOND TBUESDAY OF MaY, (BEING THE 

eighth day of said month, and continued by several ad- 
journments until the seventh day of june next following.) 

Annoqub Domini 1777. 

Present : 

Bis Exceilency Jonathan Trumbull, Esq", Governor. 
The Hon'"' Mafchew Griswold Eaq', Deputy Q-ovemor. 

Jabez Hamlin, Esq', 

Elisha Sheldon, Esq', 

Eliphalet Dyer, Esq', 

Jabez Huntington, Esq', 

William Pitkin, Esq', 

Abraham Davenport, Esq', 

Samuel Huntington, Esq', 

Oliver Wolcott, Esq', 

Richard Law, Esq', 

William Williams, Esq', 

Mepresentatives or Deputies of the Freemen of the several Towns are aa 

follow, viz.: 
■Colo. John Pitkin, Mr. Benja. Payne, for Hartford. 
Colo. John Chester, Colo, Elisha Williams, for Weathersfield. 
Colo. Isaac Lee, Mr. John Tredwell, for Farmington. 
■Capt. Ezekiel Humphry, Mr. Daniel Humphry, for Symsbury. 
Capt. Joseph Brooks, Mr. Ezra Brainerd, for Haddam. 
■Gen. Eraatus Wolcott, Mr. Benoni Olcott, for East Windsor. 
■Capt. Timothy Pearl, Mr. John Parley, for Willington. 
Maj' Jabez Chapman, Mr. Samuel Huntington, for East Haddam. 
Mr. Alexander King, Mr. Isaac Pomroy, for Suffield. 
Capt. Reuben Sikes, Maj' Abiel Pease, for Somers. 
Capt. Israel Converse, Mr. Samuel Puller, for Stafford. 
Capt. Benja. Talcott, Mr. Seth King, for Bolton. 
Colo. Henry Champion, Capt. Elias Worthington, for Colchester. 
Colo. Nath' Terry, Mr. Peter Reynolds, for Enfield. 
■Capt, Jonathan Wells, Mr. Ebenezer Plummer, for Glastonbury. 
Mr. Titus Hosmer, Colo. Comfort Sage, for Midletown, 
Mr. Ebenezer White, Colo. John Penfield, for Chatliam. 
■Capt. Henry AUyn, Capt. James Hooker, for Windsor. 
Mr. Neziah Bliss, Mr. John Phelps, for Hebron. 
Colo. Samuel Chapman, Colo. Solomon Wills, for Tolland. 
Mr. Samuel Bishop, Jr., Mr. Pierpont Edwards, for New Haven. 
Mr, Joseph Hopkins, Capt, Ezra Brownson,f or Woodbury. [ Waterbury.'] 



Hosted by 



Google 



220 PUBLIC RECORDS [May,- 

Mr. Eliphalet Hotchkiss, Mr. James Beard, for Derby. 

Mr, Samuel Beach, Colo. Street Hall, for Wallingford. 

Mr, GideoQ Buckingham, Mr. Lewiss Mallett, jun'', for Milford. 

Mr, Nath" Stone, Mr. Nath" Ruggles, for Guilford. 

General James Wadsworth jun', Mr. Elnathan Camp, for Durham. 

Major Edward Bussell, for Branford. 

Mr. Nath" Shaw iun', Maj' William Bilhouse, for New London. 

Mr. Beuja. Huntington, Mr. Rufus Lathrop, for Norwich. 

Maj'' Charles Phelpa, Mr. Nath" Minor, for Stonington. 

Capt. John Shipman, Colo. William Worthington, for Saybrook. 

Mr. Hez"" Lane, Capt. Samuel Gale, for Killingworth. 

Mr, Thomaa Mumford, Colo. Benadam Gallop, for Groton, 

Mr. "William Noyes, Mr. Samuel Ely, for Lyme. 

Colo. Samuel Mott, Mr. Samuel Tyler, for Preston. 

Capt. Samuel Squire, Maj' Elijah Abell, for Fairfield. 

Capt. Abraham Brinamade, Capt. Daniel Judson, for Stratford. 

Capt. James Potter, Maj' Nehemiah Beardslee, for New Pairfield.- 

Colo. John Mead, Mr. John McKay, for Greenwich. 

Mr. John Davenport jun', Mr. John Holt jun', for Stamford. 

Mr. Lemuel Sanford, Mr. Daniel Sanford, for Beading. 

Mr. William Forrester, for Ridgfield. 

Mr. Daniel Betts jun', Mr. Moaes Comstock, for Norwalk. 

Mr. Richard Shute, Capt. Eli Mygatt, for Danbury. 

Capt. Jabez Huntington, Mr. Nathaniel Wales j'', for Windham. 

Mr. John Clark, Capt. Joshua Weat, for Lebanon. 

Colo. Samuel McLellan, Capt. Nehemiah Lyon, for Woodstock. 

Mr. David Payne, Mr. Jabez Fitch jun', for Canterbury. 

Mr. Constant Southworth, Mr. Edmund Freeman, for Mans&eld.. 

Capt. Benja. Sumner, Maj' Benja. Clark, for Aahford. 

Capt. Samuel Craft, for Pomfrett. 

Capt. James Bradford, Capt. Andrew Backus, for Plainfield. 

Maj' James Gordon, Mr. Robert Hunter, for Voluntown. 

Maj' Thomas Brown, Maj' Elias Bewell, for Coventry. 

Capt. Simon Learned, Colo. William Danielson, for Killingley. 

Mr. Andrew Adams, Mr. Jedidiah Strong, for Litchfield. 

Mr. Daniel Sherman, Capt. Increase Mosely, for Woodbury. 

Mr. John Canfield, Capt. Simeon Smith, for Sharon. 

Mr. Samuel Comstock, Mr. Oliver Warner, for New Milford. 

Capt. Aaron Austin, Colo. Seth Smith, for New Hartford. 

Mr. Ephraim Hubbell jun', Capt. Juatus Sackett, for Kent. 

Colo. Epaphras Sheldon, Capt. Shubael Griawold, for Torrington. 

Mr. Nehemiah Andrusa, Mr. Eleazer Ensign, for Hartland. 

Capt. Edward Rogers, Mr. John Pierce, for Cornwall. 

Capt. Timothy Stanley, Capt, Aaa Francisa, for Goshen. 

Mr. Timothy Hurlburt, Capt. John Watson, for Canaan. 

Mr. Joaiah Phelps, Mr. Cyprian Webater, for Harwington. 

Colo. Joshua Porter, for Salisbury. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. .221 

Mr. John Jenkins, Mr. Isaac Tripp, for Westmoreland.* 

Titus Hosmer, E3q% Speaker j ^j ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ Representatives. 

Benjamin Huntington, iisq', Clerk, ) "^ 

This day being appointed by the laws of this State for the Elec- 
tion of the public officers of the same, viz : Governor, Deputy Gfov- 
•ernor, Assistants, Treasurer, and Secretary, proclamation was made 
in manner accustomed, and then the votes of the freemen were given 
in to the persons appointed by the Assembly to receive, sort and 
■count them, and to declare the names of audi persons as shall be 
■chosen to any of the forementioned offices according to law ; which 
persons so appointed were : Jabez Hamlin, Jabez Huntington, William 
Pitkin, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Esq", Colo. John Pit- 
kin, Mr. John Treadwell, Mr. Joseph Hopkins, Mr. James Beard, Mr. 
Rufus Lathrop, Capt. Samuel Gale, Maj' Elijah Abell, Mr. Lemuel 
■Sanford, Mr. Nathaniel Wales, Mr. Constant Southworth, Mr. Andrew 
Adams, Mr. John Canfield, and Mr. Isaac Tripp, who were all sworn 
to a faithfull discharge of that trust. 

And the votes of the freemen being brought in, sorted and counted, 

His Excellency Jonathan Trumbull, Esq', is chosen Governor of 
this State for the year ensuing. 

The Hon'"'^ Mathew Griswold, Esq'', is chosen Deputy Governor of 
this State for the year ensuing. 

Jabez Hamlin, Esq', Elisha Sheldon, Esq', Eliphalet Dyer, Esq'', 
Jabez Huntiitgton, Esq', William Pitkin, Esq', Roger Sherman, Esq', 
Abraham Davenport, Esq', Joseph Spencer, Esq'', Oliver Woleott, 
Esq', Samuel Huntington, Esq', Richard Law, Esq', and William 
Williams, 'Esq', were chosen Assistants for the year ensuing. 

John Lawrence, Esq'",^ is chosen Treasurer of this State for the 
year ensuing, 

■George Wyllys, Esq', is chosen Secretary of this State for the 
year ensuing. 

The Governor's oath prescribed by the law of this State was duly 
administered to his Excellency Jonathan Trumbull, Esq', now chosen 
Governor of the State of Connecticut, who thereupon took the Gov- 
ernor's chair. 

The Deputy Governor's oath prescribed by the law of this State 
was duly administered to the Hon'''^ Mathew Griswold, Esq', now 
■chosen Deputy Governor of this State, who thereupon took the Dep- 
uty Governor's chair. 

The Assistants' oath prescribed by the laws of this State was duly 
■administered to Jabez Hamlin, Eliaha Sheldon, Eliphalet Dyer, Jabez 

• Samuel Barker was also retarned aa a Deputy for Bcanford, Nathaniel Olm- 
-sted for Bidgefield, Nathan Frink for Pomfret, and Capt. Abiel Camp for Salisbury. 
JtoU in Rev. War, VIT, 4. 



Hostad by 



Google 



222 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

Huntington, William Pitkin, Abraham Davenport, Samuel Hunting- 
ton, Oliver Wolcott, Richard Law, and William Williams, Esq", now- 
chosen Assistants over this State, who thereupon took their seats at 
the Council Board. 

The Treasurer's oath prescribed by the law of this State was duly 
administered to John Lawrence, Esq', now chosen Treasurer of this 
State. 

The Secretary's oath prescribed by the law of this State was duly 
administred to George Wyllys, Esq% now chosen Secretary of this 
State. 

Ordered, That the Hon''''' Jabez Huntington, Esq', and Colo. 
William Worthington return the thanks of this Assembly to the ReV 
Mr. John Devotion, for his sermon preached before them on the 
eighth day of May instant, and desire a copy of the same that it may 
be printed. 

This Assembly do appoint the Hon"^ Mathew Griswold, Esq% to- 
be Chief Judge of the Superior Courts in this State the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Eliphalet Dyer, Roger Sherman, William 
Pitkin and Samuel Huntington, Esq'', to be Judges of the Superior 
Courts in this State the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jabez Hamlin, Esq', to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the county of Hartford the yefer ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Elihu Chauncey, Esq', to be Judge of 
the County Court in and for the county of New Haven the year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Richard Law, Esq', to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the county of New London the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Abraham Davenport, Esq', to be Judge 
of the County Court in and for the county of Fairfield the year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Williams, Esq', to be Judge of 
the County Court in and for the county of Windham the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Oliver Wolcott, Esq', to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the county of Litchfield the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Jenkins, Esq', to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the county of Westmoreland the year ensuing. 

• This Assembly do appoint Joseph Talcott, Esq', to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the district of Hartford the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Watrous, Esq', to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of East Hadam the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jabez Hamlin, Esq', to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of Midletown- the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Isaac Pinney, iEfeq', to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of Stafford the year ensuing. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 223 

This Assembly do appoint Solomon Whitman, Esq', to be Judge 
of the Court of Probate for the district of Farmington the year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Owen, Esq', to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of Symsbury the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Whiting, Esq', to be Judge 6f the 
Court of Probate for the district of Newhaven the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Gurdon Saltonstall, Esq', to be Judge 
of the Court of Probate for the district of New London the year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Aaron Eliott, Esq', to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of Guilford the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jabez Huntington, Esq', to be Judge 
of the Court of Probate for the district of Norwich the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Charles Phelps, Esq', to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the district of Stonington the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Sturgis, Esq', to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the district of Fairfield the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Abraham Davenport, Esq', to be Judge 

of the Court of Probate for the district of Stamford the year ensuing. 

. This Assembly do appoint Joseph Piatt Cook, Esq', to be Judge 

of the Court of Probate for the district of Danbury the year -ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Williams, Esq^ to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the district of Windham the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jabez Fitch, Esq', to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of Plainfield the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Williams, Esq', to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the district of Pomfrett the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Oliver Wolcott, Esq', to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the district of Litchfield the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Caleb Hall, Esq', to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of Wallingford the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Sherman, Esq', to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the district of Woodbury the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter, Esq', to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the district of Sharon the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathan Denison, Esq', to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the district of Westmoreland the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Wolcott, Seth Wetmore,. 
Samuel Talcott, and Erastus Wolcott, Esq", to be Justices of the 
Peace and Quorum in and for the county of Hartford for the year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint George Wyllys, Joseph Talcott, John 
Pitkin, Benjamin Payne, John Lawrence, Thomas Seymour, Oliver 
Elsworth, Jesse Root, George Pitkin, Benjamin Colton, Elisha Wil- 
liams, Solomon Wells, Thomas Belding, John Chester, Silas Dean, 



Hosted by 



Google 



224 PUBLIC KBC0BD3 [May, 

Henry AUyii, Roger Newberry, Nathaniel Chauncey, Mathew Talcott, 
Titus Hosmer, Joseph Clark, Solomon Whitman, Jared Lee, Selah 
Hart, Isaac Lee jun', Stephen Hotchkiss, John Owen, Judah Ho!- 
comb, Hezekiah Humphry, OliTer Humphry, Asahel Holcomb, Joseph 
Wells, Jabez Brainerd, Joseph Brooks, William Wells, Elizur Talcott, 
Jonathan Wells of Glastonbury, Alexander King, John Leavitt, Jabez 
Chapman, Dyar Throop, Samuel Huntington, Epaphras Lord, John 
WatrouB, Daniel Foot, Peter Bulkley, Henry Champion of Colchester, 
John Phelps, Samuel Gilbert, Ephraim Terry, Edward Collins, Ben- 
jamin Talcott, Thomas Pitkin, Joel White, Samuel Cobb, Samuel 
Chapman, Isaac Pinney, Daniel Alden, Abner Barker, Moses Holmes, 
David Sage, Nathaniel Freeman, Ebenezer White, Reuben Sikes, 
Peletiah Mills, Neziah Bliss, John Harmon jun', David Barber, 
Noadiah Hooker, John Tredwell, Ichabod Norton, John Curtiss, 
Daniel Humphry, John Chapman, Elias Worthington, Daniel Els- 
worth, jun', Seth Dwight, and Jonathan Wells 2" of Hartford, Esq", 
to be Justices of the Peace in and for the county of Hartford the year 



ITiis Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop jun', James Wadswortli 
jun', Samuel Barker, and Joseph Hopkins, Esq'% to be Justices of 
Peace and Quorum in and for the county of New Haven the year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Elihu Chauncey, Daniel Lyman, John 
Whiting, Samuel Hemingway, William Greenough, Eneas Munson, 
Caleb Beecher, Lamberton Smith jun', John Fowler, Ephraim Strong, 
Gideon Buckingham, James Beard, Charles French, John Daviss, 
Eliphalet Hotchkiss, Thomas Clark, Thomas Mathews, Timothy Judd, 
Jonathan Baldwin, Samuel Lewiss, Phineas Rice, Aaron Lyman, Dan 
Johnson, Reuben Atwater, Samuel Beach, Nathaniel Buggies, John 
Burgess, Samuel Brown, Timothy Todd, Oliver Dudley, Timothy Hill, 
Josiah Rogers, James Barker, Ebenezer Russell, David Austin, 
Thomas Mansfield, Edward Russell, John Dibble, Eezaleel Munson, 
and Caleb Hall, Esq", to be Justices of the Peace in and for the 
county of New Haven the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Coit, William Hillhouse, Elisha 
Lathrop, and William Noyes, Esq'*, to be Justices of the Peace and 
Quorum in and for the county of New London the year ensuing. 

This AsBembly do appoint Gurdon Saltonstall, Jonathan Latimer, 
John Hemsted, Joshua Raymond, Winthrop Saltonstall, William 
Whiting, Ebenezer Hartshorn, Elisha Fitch, Simon Tracy, Benjamin 
Huntington, Elijah Barker, John Shipman, Christopher Leffingwell, 
Samuel Tracy, Rufus Lathrop, Nehemiah Huntington, Samuel Leffing- 
well jun', Samuel Mott, Benjamin Coit, Robert Crary, Roger Sterry, 
John Tyler, John Williams, Charles Phelps, Paul Wheeler, Nathaniel 
Minor, Stephen Babcock, Joseph Palmer, Jonathan Palmer, William 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 225 

Williama, Nathan Smith, William Avery, Benadam Gallop, Robert 
Geer, Ebenezer Ledjard, Thomas Mumford, David Avery, Samuel 
Ely, John Lay 2**, Samuel Holden Paraone, Eleazer Mather, Richard 
"Wait, Ezra Selden, Hezekiah Whittlesey, Benja. Williams, Jiistus 
Buck, William Worthington, Samuel Field, Aarou Eliott, John Pier- 
son, Hezekiah Lane, Guy Richards, Nathaniel Shaw jun% Marvin 
Wait, Jonathan Huntington, Jabez Perkins, Jeremiah Halsey, Moses 
Warner, George Eliott, Theophilus Morgan, and Daniel Bishop, Esq'", 
to be Juatices of the Peace in and for the county of New London the 
year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Addams, Robert Pairchild, 
Joseph Piatt Cook, and Andrew Rowland, Esq", to be Justices of the ' 
Peace and Quorum in and for the county of Fairfield the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Judson, Daniel Fairchild, David 
Wilcoxaon, Joseph Strong, Gold Selleck Silliman, Samuel Squire, 
Nathan Bulkley, Jonathan Sturges, Thaddeus Burr, Abraham 
Andrews, Samuel Wakeman, Thomas Fitch, Thaddeus Betts, Mathew 
Mead, Thomas Youngs, Charles Webb, Benjamin Weed, David 
Waterbury j', Peter Mead, John Mead, Messenger Palmer, Amos 
Mead, David Wood, Samuel Olmsted, Philip Burr Bradley, Daniel 
Cooley, John Read, Lemuel Sanford jun', William Hawley, Samuel 
Taylor, Thaddeus Benedict, Daniel Taylor, Nehemiah Beardsley, 
Thomas Brush, Ephraim Hubbell, Alexander Stewart, Zacheus Tow- 
ner, John Chandler, Caleb Baldwin, Henry Peck, Samuel Whiting, 
Elisha Mills, Abraham Brinsmade, Stephen Burroughs, John Judson, 
George Burr, Gershom Hubbell, Increase Bradley, Nathaniel Bene- 
dict, Clapp Raymond, Daniel Betta jun'^ Samuel Cook Silliman, 
Stephen St. John jun', Abraham Weed, John Davenport jun', John 
Halt jun', John Benedict, and EU Mygatt, Esq'', to be Justices of the 
Peace in and for the county of Fairfield the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jabez Bofcsford, Esq', to be a Justice of 
the Peace in and for the county of Fairfield the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jabez Fitch, Joshua West, Ebenezer 
Williams, and Ebenezer Devotion, Esq", to be Justices of the Peace 
and Quorum in and for the county of Windham the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gray, Jedidiah Elderkin, Na- 
thaniel Wales jun', Jacob Simons, Hezekiah Manning, John Clark, 
Jonathan Trumbull jun', James Pineo jun', James Bradford, Elias- 
hib Adams, David Payne, Thomas Williams, John Grosvenor, Samuel 
Craft, Nathan Frink, Joseph Storrs, John Salter, Constant South- 
worth, Jacob Dresser, Bryant Brown, William Danielson, Thomas- 
Moffatt, Phinehas Strong, Ephraim Root, Abraham Bumap jun^j 
Elijah Whiton, Benjamin Sumner, Robert Dixon, Samuel Stewart, 
Jamea Gordon, Samuel Childs jun', Jedidiah Morse, Charles' C. 
Chandler, Abher Sessions, and Solomon Wales, Esq'^, to be Justices 
of the Peace in and for the county of Windham the year ensuing. 



Hosted by 



Google 



226 PUBLIC RECORDS [Mayt 

This Assembly do appoint Increase Mosely, Daniel Shermanj 
Joshua Porter, and Samuel Canfield, Esq'", to he Justices of the Peace 
and Quorum in and for the county of Litchfield the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jacob Woodruff, Isaac Baldwin, David 
"Welch, Reuben Smith, Andrew Adams, Daniel Everefc, Benjamin 
Hinman, Gideon Walker, Thomas Warner, Edward Hinman, Bushnel 
Bostwicfe, Samuel Bostwick, Joseph Ruggles, William Cogswell, Abel 
Hine, John Ransom, Daniel Lee, Nathan Eliott, Ephraim Hubbell 
jun', Daniel Griswold, Joseph Lord, John Canfield, John Hutchinson, 
Charles Burrall, Elisha Baker, Samuel Forbes, Thomas Russell, 
Heraan Swift, Thomas Porter, Samuel Nash, Ebenezer Norton, John 
Cook, Epaphras Sheldon, Abijah Catlin, Daniel Catlin, Mathew Gil- 
lett, Zebulon Merrell, Michael Humphry, Giles Fettibone, Nehemiah 
Andrews, Hezekiah Fitch, Seth Smith, and Jethro Hatch, Esq'", to 
be Justices of the Peace in and for the county of Litchfield the year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Zebulon Butler, Nathan Denison, Chris- 
topher Avery, and Obadiah Gore, Esq", to be Justices of the Peace 
and Quorum in and for the county of Westmoreland the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Jenkins, William Judd, Uriah 
Chapman, Asaph Whittlesey, Caleb Bates, and William McShankan, 
Esq'*, to be Justices of the Peace for the county of Westmoreland the 
year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Felch to be Surveyor of Lands in 
and for the county of Windham. 

This Assembly do appoint John Jenkins jun' to be Surveyor of 
Lands for the county of Westmoreland. 

|An Act prescribing: and. erjolnli^ an Oath of Fidelity to this State. 

Whereas this State and the rest of the United States in America 
are become Free and Independent States and have by the unanimous- 
declaration of their Delegates in the Continental Congress assembled 
published to all the world such their freedom and independence, 

Se it enacted hy the Governor, Couneil and Representatives ^ in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That all 
members of the General Assembly, and all officers civil and military, 
and freemen of this State, shall take the following oath, viz : 

You A. B. do swear by the name of the ever living God that you 
will he true and faithfull to the State of Connecticut as a free and in- 
dependent State, and in all thinffs do your duty as a good and faithfull 
subject of the said State in supporting the rights, liberties and privileges 
of the same: So help you God. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That when 
said oath shall be administered to any of the people called Quakers^ 
it shall be by way of affirmation ; and that no person shall execute 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 227 

any ofiGce eivil or military, or give their vote or suffrage for the same, 
after the first day of September next, unless such person shall have 
Brst taken said oath, if thereto required by proper authority. And it 
shall be the duty of the authority administering such oath, to give a 
certificate thereof, and the names of the persons to whom the same 
hath been administered shall be enrolled in the town-clerk's office in 
the same manner as the names of freemen are enrolled. Provided 
nevertheless, that nothing in this act shall extend to prevent any per- 
son under the age of twenty-one years, who hath a right by law, from 
voting for the choice of military officers. 

An Act preacribliiB the Form of an Oath to be taken by the Preemen of this 
State, and for eiuoinins the Same on the proper Subjects tbereof. 

Be it enacted iy the Q-overnor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same, That for 
the future the following form of an oath be and it is hereby estab- 
lished to be taken and administered to the freemen of this State, viz : 

You A. B. being by the providence of Q-od an inhabitant of this 
State of Connecticut, do swear by the name of the ever-living Q-od, that 
you will be true and faitJ^vU to the Q-ovemor and Oompam/ of this 
State and the constitution and government thereof as a free and indc' 
pendent State; and whensoever you shall be called to give your vote or 
suffrage touching a/ny matter which concerns this State, you shall give 
it as in your conscience you shall judge will conduce to the best good of 
the same, without respect of persons or favour of any man : So help 
you God. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. That no free- 
man within this State shall be allowed to vote in the election of any 
of the officers of government untill he has taken the aforesaid oath in 
open freeman's meeting in the town where he dwells, the said oath to 
be administered by an Assistant or justice of the peace, and the 
names of the freemen enrolled ; any law, usage or custom to the con- 
trary notwithstanding. Provided nevertheless, that where the neces- 
sity of the case may require it, said oath may be administered by the 
town-clerk or one of the selectmen. 

And be it further enacted. That the act passed by the General 
Assembly in May last, eutitiiled An act in alteration of an act enti- 
tuled an act prescribing and establishing the forms of oaths in this 
Colony, so far only as the same respects the form of an oath for free- 
men, be and the same is hereby repealed and made void ; and that 
when the same shall be taken by the people called Quakers, it shall 
be by way of solemn affirmation. 

Conspiracies against thisTand the United States 



Whereas many persons 'inimical to this and the United States of 
America do wander from place to place with intent to spy out the 
state of the Colonies, form traiteroua conspiracies against the State, 



Hosted by 



Google 



228 poBLic liECORDS [May, 

and give intelligence to the enemies thereof, to the great danger and 
prejudice of the inhabitants of said State : Therefore, 

Be it enacted hy the Governor, Council and Mepretentative», in 
G-eneral Court aisembled, and ly the authority of the same, That no 
person or persona in any character or capacity whatever, except 
persons well known and esteemed to be friendly to said States, military 
commission oiBcers on their march to or from the army or in defence 
of this or the said United States, and soldiers in company with and 
under the command of auch officers, shall be allowed to travel or pass 
from town to town without a proper permit signed by some Assistant 
or justice of the peace, general or field officer, selectman or committee 
of inspection, certifying where the bearer belongs, the place to which 
he is to travel, and that he is reputed friendly to the United States. 

And he it further enacted hy the authority aforesaid, That it shall 
be the duty of every Asaistant and justice of the peace, and they are 
hereby authorized, to examine and seize every suspected person 
travelling within this State ; and all general and field officers, and all 
other military officers of the army or militia of every rank and order 
within this State, and every selectman, committee of inspection, 
constable and grand juryman, are hereby authorized and directed to 
examine every suspected person travelling in this State, that shall 
come to their knowledge; and if such person shall not produce a 
proper certificate, or otherwise satisfy such officer that he or she is 
friendly to this and the other United States, auch officer is hereby 
atithorized and directed with or without a warrant to apprehend such 
suspected person and cause him or her to appear before the next 
Assistant or justice of the peace. And all persons are hereby required 
to afford all necessary assistance therein, (if required by auch 
officer,) under the same penalties as by law is provided for refusing 
to assist sheriffa and constables in the execution of their office. And 
if such suspected person apprehended by any Asaistant or other 
officer shall not produce a proper certificate or satisfy such authority 
that he is friendly to this and the United States of America, such 
authority is hereby authorized to bind him or her to his or her good 
behaviour or to commit him or her to goal, there to remain untill de- 
livered by due order of law aa the nature of the case may require. 
And such Assistant or justice of the peace are hereby authorized to 
tax all necessary coat occaaioned by auch examination and grant 
execution thereon. 

An Act in Addition to an Act entltuled An Act for apprehending and aecuring- 

aucb Inimical Persons aa sball be deemed and adjudged 

dangerous to this State. 

Be it enacted hy the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 

General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That all 

persons confined by force of said act, or by order of this Assembly or 

by his Honor the Governor and Council of Safety, may at all times 

be taken in execution for any debt or rate, notwithstanding their 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 229 

being confined in either of the ways aforesaid : Provided neverthe- 
less, that such persona as soon as they shall be discharged from such 
execution shall be forthwith remanded to the place where they were 
confined as aforesaid at the time of their being taken in execution, in 
case the time for which they were bo confined shall not then have 
expired. 

An Act for adopting and afQxrag- the StUe, Title or AppeUatlon of the Governor 
and Commander In Chief of this State for the Time being:. 
Se it enaeted hy the GoveTttor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and iy the authority of the same, That for 
the future the stile, title or appellation of the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief of this State for the time being shall be His Excel- 
lency ; and all public officers and others within this State in their 
addresses to the Commander in Chief for the time being are to 
conform themselves accordingly. 

Be it enacted bp the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That 
whenever it shall happen that the judge of either of the respective 
county courts shall be absent out of this State, or be by sickness or 
otherwise unable to attend the duty of said office, in that case the 
first of the justices of the quorum in said county who shall be able to 
attend thereon shall be invested with all the powers and authorities 
in every matter or thing necessary for the purpose, as the judge of 
said court by law hath ; any law to the contrary notwithstanding. 



Be it enaeted hy the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That all ■ 
the justices of the peace within the county of Westmoreland, who 
before the making said act had rendered judgments in any cases 
whereof execution yet remains to be done, may and shall, as the case 
may require, grant executions on such judgments as fully as though 
they had remained justices of the peace in and for the county of 
Litchfield, to which they belonged at the time of rendering said judg- 
ments. And that all actions commenced and yet depending and 
undetermined in the county of Litchfield wherein there has been no 
interlocutory judgment, and where both the parties belong to the 
county of Westmoreland, may and shall be transmitted to and entered 
in the clerk's office in the county court in the county of Westmore- 
land; and the county court in said county of Westmoreland are 
hereby authorized and impowered to take cognizance thereof and 
proceed thereon as though the same had been originally commenced 
before said Westmoreland countv court. 



Hosted by 



Google 



230 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

An Act in fiirtlier Addition to an Act entitled Ao Act for forming' and r^ulatiog 
the Militia and for tbe Sncourasement of Military Skill ft>r the 
better Defence of this Colony. 
Be it enacted iy the Grovemor, Council and Representatives, 'in 
General Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same. That the 
major generals, or either of them, within this State shall be and are 
hereby impowered and authorized, with or without orders of the 
Captain General or Commander in Chief, if occasion shall require 
upon any alarm or invasion, or notice of the appearance of an enemy 
either by sea or land, to assemble in martial array and put in warlike 
posture the whole or any part of the brigades or regiments of militia 
of any denomination within this State or any parts of them, which 
he may think needfull, and the same to order, lead, conduct or 
employ, for assisting, succouring or relieving any of the inhabitants 
of the United States, forts, towns or places, attacked by an enemy or 
in danger thereof, as well out of the limits of this State as within 
the same, as the exigency and circumstances of the case shall require, 
for the safety and defence of this and the neighbouring governmenta, 
in like manner as colonels and chief officers of regiments are by law 
enabled to do within their respective regiments ; and they are to send 
intelligence to the Captain General, and attend and observe such 
directions and orders as he or they may receive from him : And the 
brigadiers general shall have the same power and authority within 
their respective brigades and shall proceed in like manner on like 
occasions, and shall give intelligence to either of said major generals, 
and act according to such orders as they shall receive from him or 
the Captain General or Commander in Chief, and such major general 
shall communicate such intelligence to the Captain General or Com- 
mander in Chief and receive his orders for his further conduct. 

Provided nevertheless. That nothing in this act shall be construed 
to supercede or alter the power of the several colonels or commanders 
of regiments, to call forth and assemble their regiments in-manner and 
for the purpose as mentioned and directed by law, giving intelligence 
to the Captain General or Commander in Chief or to the next major 
general or brigadier general, and to obey such further orders as he or 
they may receive from any superior officer : such major or brigadier 
general to communicate any intelligence they may receive from such 
colonels or commanding officers to the Captain General or Com- 
mander in Chief and attend such orders as he or they may receive 
from him. 



An Act In Addition to and Alteration of an Act of [thia] State e 

to prevent Monopolies and Oppreeaion by excessive and unreasonable 

Prices for many of the Necessaries and Convenienciea of Life. 

Be it enacted by the G-ovemor, Council and Representatives, in 

General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That for 

the future the price of pork weighing eight score or under shall not 

exceed three pence half-penny, from eight to ten score not to exceed 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 231 

three pence three farthings, and all aboTe ten score not to exceed four 
pence per pound ; good West India rum not to exceed eight shillings 
per gallon per hogshead, nine shillings and sixpence per single gallon, 
■and two shillings and sixpence per quart, and so in like proportion 
for less quantities according to the accustomed usages for retailing 
small quantities, with the other allowances as stated by said act; 
New Enjfland rum not to exceed five shillings per gallon per hogs- 
head, five and sixpence per gallon by the barrell, six shillings per 
single gallon, ajid one shilling and sixpence per quart, and so in like 
proportion for smaller quantities, with the allowance according to said 
act; best Muscovado sugar not to exceed three pounds six shillings 
per hundred per hogshead, three pounds twelve shillings by single 
hundred weight, and ten pence per pound at the first port of delivery, 
with allowance for transportation according to said act; Ameri- 
can manufactured cheese of the best quality in each year in which 
the same is made and untill the first day of March next following, 
not to exceed sixpence per pound, and after that time seven pence 
half-penny ; beat neat leather shoes not to exceed eight shillings and 
sixpence per pair; salted pork per barrell of the quantity stated in 
said act not to exceed four pounds twelve shillings ; good yard-wide 
tow cloth not to exceed two shillings and ninepence per yard, and so 
in proportion according to its quality ; rye shall not exceed four 
shillings per bushell ; wheat flour not to exceed twenty shillings per 
hundred, gross weight; molasses not to exceed four shillings and 
sixpence per gallon per hogshead, and five shillings and threepence 
per single gallon at the first port of delivery, with allowance according 
to said act. 

And be it further enacted hy the authority aforesaid. That the said 
act, so far only as it respects the price of salt and beef, be and the 
_same is hereby repealed. 

And it is further enacted hy the authority aforetaid. That if any 
- person shall be guilty of the breach of this act, in any part thereof, 
he shall be subject to the same prosecution and, on conviction, to the 
isame pains and penalties as in said former act is provided. 



Whereas this Assembly at their sessions in October last passed an 
act establishing the currency of the bills of credit emitted by the 
United States of America and thos'e emitted by this Assembly, and 
made them a legal tender in all payments wittiin the same, which 
bills together with the silver and gold passing within this State afford 
a sufficient medium of trade, and the circulation of paper bills emitted 
by any other of the States has s^ natural tendency to depreciate the 
•continental bills: Which to prevent, 

Be it enacted hy the Governor, Council and Representatives, in 
0eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That from 



Hosted by 



Google 



282 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

and after the first day of August, A.D. 1777, no person within this 
State shall receive any paper bills in payment for any article of com- 
merce, or for any debt or demand whatsoever, except the bills emitted 
by this or the United States, on the penalty of forfeiting and paying to 
the treasury of the county in which such payment shall be made a sum 
not exceeding fifty pounds, and not less than forty shillings, as the 
circumstances of ths case shall appear, to be determined by the court 
before whom the complaint shall be made and prosecuted. 

And it ig further enacted, That whoever shall prosecute any breach 
of this act to effect before any court proper to try the same shall be 
entituled to one half the penalty that shall be so recovered with his just 
coste, the other half of the penalty to be paid into the county treasury 
where the prosecution shall be made if judgment is obtained at the 
county or superior court ; if judgment is obtained before a justice of 
the peace, then said half of said fine to be paid into the treasury of 
the town where said tryal is had. 

An Act for esetuptine tboae Persons In this State commonlT stlled Separates 

from Taxes I5r the Support of the established Ministry and 

buUdlngr and repairing' Meetine-Houses. 

Whereas there are some churches in this State of persona profess- 
ing themselves to be strict congregationalists, who notwithstanding 
have separated from the churches and congregations established by 
the laws of this State, and are yet liable to pay taxes for supporting 
the ministry, building and repairing meeting-houses for the use of the 
established churches. 

Be it enacted hy the Governor, Oounetl and Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same. That all 
such persons as profess themselves to be strict congregationalists but 
have nevertheless separated as aforesaid from the churches and con- 
gregations established by tlie laws of this State, and are situated so 
near to any church of such separatists where there is a minister or- 
dained and abiding, performing divine sei"vice, and where the ordi- 
nances and sacraments of the gospel are regularly and at stated times 
administered, that he or they can and do constantly attend divine 
and public worship in and with such church, and contribute his or 
their reasonable proportion to support and maintain the same in such 
way and manner as such church shaTl esteem most reasonable and 
just, and on such person or persons producing a certificate from such 
church of his constant and uniform attendance with such church iu 
their seasons of divine worship and of his or their contributing their 
proportion for support of the ministry thereof and their places of 
worship for the time being as judged reasonable by such church, he 
or they shall be exempted from the payment of any tax for the sup- 
port of the ministry or building and repairing meeting-houses for the 
established churches in this State, so long as he or they continue thus 
to do; any law, usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding. 
And every person claiming the benefit of this act shall be disqualified 



Hosted by 



Google 



17T7,] OF CONNECTICUT. 23S 

to vote in any society meeting, save only for granting taxes for the 
support of schools and for the establishment of rules and regulations 
for schools and the education of children in them. Provided also, 
that the names of all such persons who shall attend public worship 
with such separate church and congregation and otherwise qualify 
themselves to take the benefit of this act, be by the church with whom 
they claim to attend transmitted to and lodged with the clerk of the 
society wherein such person dwells some time in the month of October 
annually, with a certificate underwritten, signed and attested by the 
minister, elder or deacon of such church, that such persons therein 
named have attended their meetings and done their part and propor- 
tion for the support of the ministry and worship in the judgment of 
the major part of the church with whom such persons separating as 
aforesaid claim to have attended, according to the true intent of this- 
act. 

And he it further enacted. That all such churches and congrega- 
tions of separatists as aforesaid shall have and enjoy full liberty to use 
and exercise the same powers and privileges for the maintaining and 
supporting their respective ministers, building and repairing meeting- 
houses for divine worship, as the ecclesiastical societies established by 
the laws of this State have and do enjoy and exercise; and in the 
same way and manner may commence, warn and hold their meetings, 
and direct their proceedings from time to time as occasion shall re- 
quire for the purpose aforesaid. 

An Act in further Addition to the Law entitled An Act providing- In Case of 
SickneBB. 

£e it enacted iy the Crovernor, Council and Representatives, in 
Creneral Court asgembled, and by the authority of the same. That no 
person shall hereafter within the limits of any town in this State re- 
ceive, give or communicate the infection of the small-pox by way of 
inoculation, or in any such lilie method, without first obtaining a cer- 
tificate from the major part of the c-ivil authority and of the selectmen 
of such town approving of and permitting the same; nor shall any 
person be aiding or assisting therein without such liberty first obtained 
as aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted. That the civil authority and selectmen 
in any town in this Colony shall not grant permission for the small- - 
pox to be cominunicated by inoculation untill the approbation of such 
town be first had and obtained by the vote of two-thirds of the voters 
assembled in legal town meeting, excepting it be unto persons belong- 
ing unto the continental army, officers or soldiers, and also in such 
case where any person shall make it appear fully to the satisfaction 
of the said authority and selectmen, that be or she bath been involun- 
tarily exposed to take the infection, and probably hath thereby taken 
and received the same in the natural way. 

And be it further enacted, That whenever the civil authority and 
selectmen shall grant liberty and permission to inoculate as aforesaid, 



Hosted by 



Google 



284 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

they are directed and required to assign the place, houae or houses, 
where it shall be carried on, and the infected persons shall be kept; 
and to appoint or approve of the nurses or tenders employed, give 
orders respecting the time the persons infected, their nurses and 
tenders shall continue in the places appointed, and also respecting 
their cleansing and coming out, and such other orders and directions 
as shall be judged most expedient for preserving the inhabitants from 
taking the infection ; for which service a meet recompence shall be 
paid by those concerned, or some of them, to said authority and select- 
men. That in case any person shall presume voluntarily to receive, 
take, give or communicate the small-pox directly or indirectly, con- 
trary to the true intent and meaning of this act, or be aiding or assist- 
ing therein, such offender shall forfeit and pay to the Treasurer of 
this State the sum of fifty pounds for every such offence. And any 
person who shall transgress any of the rules or orders made or given 
in pursuance of this act, such transgressor shall forfeit and pay to 
the treasurer of the town where the offence shall be committed the 
sum of eight pounds: Provided nevertheless, that all such persons 
and all others shall be subjected to and under the regulations of the 
law aforesaid, entitled An act providing in case of sickness, in every 
case wherein other or different provision is not herein made concern- 
ing the same. And whenever any person shall be brought to tryal 
for the breach of this act in communicating or receiving the small- 
pox, aiding or assisting therein, such person shall be deemed and ad- 
judged guilty thereof, although the complainant shall not be able to 
produce any other proof than to render it probable ; unless such per- 
son shall make oath before the court before whom such person is on 
tryal, that he or she have not voluntarily, directly or indirectly, given 
or received said infection, either by inoculation or any way or means 
whatsoever; which oath the said court are hereby impowered to ad- 
ipinister. And all informing officers are hereby impowered and re- 
quired to inform against all and every person and persons who shall 
transgress this act or any rules and orders made in ])ursuance of 
this act. 

And he it further enacted. That the statute made and passed by 
this Assembly in May, 1761, ehtituled An act in further addition to 
the law entitled An act providing in case of sickness, be and the same 



An Act for reviving and continuing an Act of this Assembly made and passed 

at the Sessiona of this Assembly In December last for preventing 

the DistilltoK of Spirituous Liquors from Grain. 

Whereas said act was to continue in force untill the rising of this 
Assembly and no longer. 

Be it therefore enacted hy the Governor, Council and Representa- 
tives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the game, 
That the said act be revived, and the same is hereby revived and shall 
continue and be in force untill the rising of this Assembly in October 
next. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 235 

Articles, Rules and RegTilationa for preservinB Order, Good Government and 

Discipline among the MUitia and other Forces of this State 'when called 

to actual Service for the Defence and Security of the Same. 

Be it enaeted by the Governor, Couneil and Jtepregentatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembledf and hy the authority of the same, That the 
following articles shall he observed for the purpose aforesaid : 

Section 1st. 

Art. 1, All officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers, when 
the safety and good of the service permits, shall with decency and 
reverence attend divine service at the place appointed for that pur- 
pose, on penalty of being by the judgment of a court martial mulct of 
the whole of his or their wages for one day respectively. 

Aet. 2. Any officers, non-commissioned officers or soldiers, who 
:shall use any unlawful! oath or execration shall incur the penalty ex- 
pressed in the' first article. 

Art. 3. Any officer, non-commissioned officer or soldier, who shall 
behave himself with contempt or disrespect towards the general or gen- 
erals or commander in chief, or shall speak words tending to his or their 
hurt or dishonour, or shall begin, excite, cause or join in any mutiny 
or sedition in the regiment, troop, company, garrison, party, post, 
detachment or guard, to which he belongs, or in any other corps or 
party of the militia or forces of this State or the United States, or 
shall not use bis utmost endeavours to suppress any mutiny or sedi- 
tion where he is present, or knowing of any mutiny or intended 
mutiny shall delay to give information to the commanding officer, 
such officer, non-commissioned officer or soldier shall suffer such 
punishment as shall be inflicted, according to the nature of the offence, 
by the sentence of a court martial. 

Art. 4, Any officer or soldier who shall strike bis superior officer, 
or shall draw or offer to draw or lift up any weapon or offer any vio- 
lence against him, being in the execution of his office, or shall disobey 
his lawfull commands, shall suffer such punishment as shaU be in- 
flicted, according to the nature of the offence, by the sentence of a 
court martial. 

Art. 5. Any non-commissioned officer or soldier who shall desert 
or, without leave of his commanding officer, absent himself from the 
troop, company or party to which be belongs, shall be punished ac- 
cording to the nature of his offence by the judgment of a court 
martial. 

Art, 6. Any officer or soldier being convicted of advising or 
encouraging any other officer or soldier to desert shall suffer such 
punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a general court 
martial. 

Art. 7. All officers shall have right to quell quarrels, frays and 
disorders, though in any other corps, and to order in arrest or con- 
finement the persons concerned ; and whosoever shall offer any vio- 
lence to such officer, though of an inferior rank, shall be punished at 
the discretion of a court martial. , 



Hosted by 



Google 



286 PUBLIC RECORDS [Mav, 

Art. 8. All challengers, duellers and seconds, and all who shall 
aid or abet therein, shall be dealt with according to the nature of his 
offence agreeable to the laws of war by the judgment of a court 
martial. 

Art. 9. Any officer or soldier who shall use any reproachfull or 
provoking speeches or gestures to another, or shall behave disorderly 
or use any menacing words or contemptuous carriage in presence of a 
court martial, shall be punished according to the nature of his offence. 

Art. 10. Any non-commiesioned officer or soldier who shall in. 
camp, garrison, quarters, or on a march, offer any violence to any 
inhabitant, or commit any outrage on him or his goods, or shall 
plunder any house or other building, or any field, garden or lot, of 
any effects, or shall kill, wound or destroy any cattle, sheep, hogs, 
fowls, or any other creature belonging to any of the good people of 
this State, or shall by threatning or otherwise force or compel any of 
the inhabitants to loan, give or sell, any horse, carriage, victuals, 
liquor, entertainment, or any other thing, shall be punished, accord- 
ing to the nature of his offence, by the judgment of a court martial, 
and reparation shall be made to the party injured by paying him the 
wages due to the offender, or by delivering him over to the civil 
authority to be dealt with according to the law of the land as the case 
may require ; and any oflficer who shall command on a march or in 
camp, garrison or quarters, who shall refuse or neglect to see justice 
done herein, shall on proof thereof before a general court martial be 
cashiered and otherwise suffer such penalties as such offender ought 
to have done. 

Art. 11, No non-commissioned officer or soldier shall be found 
one mile from camp without leave in writing from his superior officer : 
No officer or soldier shall lie out of his camp or quarters without leave 
from his commanding officer: All non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers shall at retreat-beating retire to their quarters: All officers,, 
non-commissioned officers and soldiers shall at the times prefixed by 
the commanding officer immediately repair to the parade, alarm post, 
or other place of rendezvous, and there shall remain untill duly dis- 
missed or relieved ; any who shall offend herein shall be punished, 
according to the nature of his offence, by the judgment of a court 
martial. 

Art. 12. Any commissioned officer found drunk on guard or 
other duty under arms shall be cashiered: Any non-commissioned 
officer or soldier so offending shall suffer such punishment as shall 
be inflicted by the sentence of a court martial. 

Art. 13. Any centinel found sleeping on his post, or who shall 
leave it before relieved, shall suffer such punishment as a court mar- 
tial shall order. 

Akt. 14. Any person who shall designedly make a false alarm, 
or any officer or soldier who shall without urgent necessity leave his 
platoon or division, shall be punished, according to the nature of his- 
offence, by the judgment of a court martial. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. . 237- 

Art, 15, Any officer, non-commissioned officer or soidier who 
shall leave hia post in time of an engagement, to go in search of 
plunder, shall suffer such punishment as a general court martial shall 
inflict. 

Art. 16. Any officer or soldier who shall by his influence cause 
or excite the officers or soldiers of any post, to compel the command- 
ing officer of any post or garrison to give it up to the enemy or to 
abandon it, shall suffer death or such other punishment as a general 
court martial shall inflict. 

Abt, 17. Any officer or soldier who shall make known the parole 
or countersign to any who is not entitled to receive it, or shall give a 
false parole or watch-word to any who are entitled to receive it, shall 
suffer death or such other punishment as a general court martial 
shall inflict. 

Akt. 18. Whatsoever officer or soldier shall relieve the enemy 
with money, victuals, or arms or ammunition, or shall knowingly 
harbour or protect an enemy, or shall hold a correspondence with or 
give intelligence to the enemy, either directly or indirectly, shall 
suffer death or such other punishment as a general court martial 
shall inflict. 

Art. 19. Whatsoever officer or soldier in time of an engagement 
shall traiterously and evidently be aiming to decoy or betray any 
corps, party or detachment, into the hands and power of the enemy, 
shall suffer death or such other punishment as a general court mar- 
tial shall inflict. 

Art. 20. Whatsoever officer or soldier shall shamefully abandon 
any post committed to his charge, or endeavour by words to induce 
others to do the like in time of an engagement, shall suffer death or 
such other punishment as a general court martial shall inflict. 

Art. 21. No non-commissioned officer or soldier shall sell, waste, 
destroy or embezzle any arms, ammunition or other warlike stores 
belonging to and delivered to him for the service of this State, on 
pain of being punished according to the nature of his offence and 
being mulct of his pay to the value of the thing so sold or wasted, by 
the sentence of a court martial. 

Art. 22. All crimes not capital, and all disorders and neglects 
which officers and soldiers may be guilty of to the prejudice of good 
order and military discipline, though not mentioned in these articles, 
are to be punished by courts martial according to the nature and 
degree of [the] offence. 

Section 2d, 

Art. 1. All general courts martial and for the tryal of capital 
offences shall be appointed by the captain general, the lieutenant gen- 
eral, or a major general or a brigadier general commanding in a 
separate post of this State for the time being, and the names and rank 
of the members be included in such appointment. 

Art. 2. Every general court martial shall consist of thirteen 



Hosted by 



Google 



238 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

members, the senior in rank to be president, who shall not be under 
the rank of a colonel. 

Art. 3. All courts martial not general shall be appointed and the 
members named by the colonel or commanding officer of the regiment 
to which the offender who is to be tryed belongs. 

Art. 4. The sentence of any court martial shall not be put in 
execution untill the same be approTed, and the execution ordered by 
him who appointed the said court, and no sentence for a capital 
offence shall be put in execution without being first laid before the 
captain general for the time being and by him approved of. 

Art. 5. All the members of a court martial shall behave with 
decency and calmness, and shall begin with the youngest in rank to- 
give their opinions. 

Art. 6. All regimental courts martial shall consist of five mem- 
bers, unless in cases where not more than three can be had : all shall 
be commissioned officers. 

Art. 7. No field officer shall be tiyed but by a general court mar- 
tial ; nor in those cases shall any member be below the degree of a 
captain. 

Art. 8. No regimental court martial shall sentence any prisoner 
to receive a greater punishment for one offence than thirty-nine stripes. 

Art. 9, All offenders who are confined shall have their tryal as 
soon as the nature of the case and the situation of the service will 
admit ; and the crime shall be given in in writing before the relieving 
of the guard. 

Art, 10. Every officer commanding the guard where an officer is 
committed shall within twenty-four hours report the prisoner and the 
crime he is charged with to ^e commanding officer of the post, that 
speedy justice may be done. 

Art. 11, All suttlers and others who keep with the troops in ser- 
vice shall be subject to these rules and regulations. 

Art. 12. Any officer who shall make a false return for the pur- 
pose of obtaining more pay, provisions or stores than is justly due to 
any officers or men which are in service, shall on conviction thereof 
be cashiered and rendered incapable of holding any military commis- 
sion thereafter in this State, and shall also be holden to reimburse 
any money or other articles drawn by virtue of such false return. 

Art. 13. All members sitting in courts martial shall be sworn by 
the president, and the president shall himself be sworn by the officer 
next in rank in said court : The oath to be taken previous to their 
proceeding to the tryal of any offender in form following, viz : 

You A. B. swear that you will well and truly try and impartially 
determine the cause of the prisoner now to be tryed according to the 
rules and regulations for preserving order, good government and dis- 
cipline among the militia and other forces of this State when called 
to actual service for the defence and security of the same : So help 
you God. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 239 

Art. 14. All persons called to give evidence in any case before a 
court martial who shall refuse to give evidence shall be punished for 
such refusal at the discretion of such court martial. The oath to be 
administred in the form following, viz : 

You swear that the evidence you shall give in the case now in 
hearing shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth: 
So help you God. 

In Congress, April 29"^ 1777. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the several States forthwith 
to order the sums advanced by them for recuiting the continental 
battalions raised by the said States, together with the names of the- 
officers receiving the same, to be transmitted to the paymasters of 
such battalions, and that the said paymasters be respectively required 
to call such officers to account therefor, who shall produce certificates- 
from the muster-master or deputy muster-master-geaeral, specifying 
the number of non-commissioned officers and soldiers ; and also of 
officers of the light horse, the number of horses and arms and equip- 
age belonging to their respective regiments, companies or troops, 
together with such other vouchers as shall be necessary to prove the 
sums expended for these articles, the subsistence of the trooj« before 
their joining the army, the loss of money by death or desertions of 
non-commissioned officers and soldiers before muster, or other neces- 
sary espences. And it is further recommended to the said States, 
that they order the regimental paymasters to report to them the set- 
tlement of the said accounts, together with the vouchers to be pro- 
duced when confirmed by the said States to the Treasury Board oa 
adjustment of their accounts. That it be recommended to the said 
States, if any of the regimental paymasters shall neglect to obey their 
directions as aforesaid, to order their names to be transmitted to the 
commander in chief of the department, who shall thereupon remove 
from office such delinquent paymasters, and supply their places with 
such others as he shall think qualifyed therefor. That if any officer 
shall not within one month after application for that purpose render 
such account, the regimental paymaster requiring the same shall 
make report thereof to the commander in chief of the department,, 
who shall order a court martial on such officer, and also on such other 
officer or officers as shall be guilty of embezzling the public money, 
and the fact being ascertained by their report, shall immediately cause 
him to be cashiered and a copyof the report delivered to the regimental 
payma8ter,to be transmitted to the State to which he belongs, that such 
State may give proper orders for compelling the delinquent officer to 
account in a court of justice. That duplicate accounts of all monies. 
advanced by Congress, by general officers, and by the paymaster and 
deputy paymasters general, for recruiting continental battalions, be 
transmitted by the Treasury Board, such general officers and pay- 
master and deputy paymaster general respectively, to the commissioners- 



Hosted by 



Google 



240 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

of accounts for the army in the northern and middle departments, 
who shall deliver the same to the respective regimental paymasters, 
to enable them to call the officers chargeable with such money to 
account in the manner before directed ; and the said regimental pay- 
masters shall transmit to the respective commissioners aforesaid the 
settlement of such accounts with the vouchers, who shall report to the 
Treasury Office those which are approved of by them, and shall pro- 
ceed with the regimental paymaster neglecting to obey their directions 
herein, and officers not accounting for the monies by them received as 
aforesaid, in the manner proposed to be pursued by the States in 
[consequence of] the preceding resolve. That the general officers, 
paymaster and deputy paymasters general, respectively, be also directed 
to transmit to the Treasury Office duplicate accounts of all monies 
advanced by them for recruiting continental battalions as aforesaid. 
That all regimental paymasters be directed to apply to the respective 
commissionera for accounts of the sums advanced to their officers as 
aforesaid. That all commissioners of claims or accounts be impowered 
to administer oaths or affirmations to persons examined by them in 
the execution of their office. 

Extract from the minutes, Charles Thomson Secr'^. 
Resolved hy this Assembly, That the foregoing resolutions of the 
Hon'''*' Continental Congress, bearing date April 29"", 1777, be and the 
same are hereby ordered to be carefully and punctually performed 
and complied with, so far as to this State appertains ; and all officers 
and other persons whom it may concern belonging to this State are 
hereby required and enjoined to take notice of and pay the most care- 
full and exact obedience to the said resolves of said Congress in every 
particular to them respectively appertaining, upon the pains and 
penalties of being dealt with according to the directions therein con- 
tained, and to such other and further penalty as to this Assembly 
shall appear fit and just according to the nature and demerit of such 
offence or b " ' 



An Act for raiaing and oompleatlnsr the Quota of the Continental Army to he 
ralsea in this State. 

Be it enacted by the 0-oyemor, Council and RepreBentatives, in Q-en- 
eral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same. That any two 
men belonging to this State, and not of the continental army', who 
rshall procure an able-bodied soldier or recruit to inlist into either of 
the continental battalions to be raised in this State, for the term of 
three years or during the war, shall be exempted from actual service, 
and from all drafts during the term for which they shall so procure 
such soldier or recruit to inlist, such soldier however to be accounted 
as part of the quota of the town to which such soldier belonged at the 
time of his being so procured untill their quota is compleated, after- 
wards to be accounted as part of the quota of that town by whose in- 
habitants he may be hired and procured to inlist. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT, 241 

And he it further enacf-ed, That in ease said battalions shall not 
be compleated by the 26'" day of May instant, the captains or com- 
manding officers of the militia alarm list and independent companies, 
which have not already furnished their proportion of soldiers for said 
battalions, shall convene their respective companies at the usnal place 
of parade on said day and shall then and there detach to serve in one 
of the most convenient companies in said battalions, untill the first day 
of January next unless sooner discharged, according to the provisions 
of a Resolve and Proclamation of the Governor and Council of Safety, 
bearing date the 12'" day of April last, one man from each of the 
classes heretofore made in pursuance of said resolve and proclama- 
tion, which have not already procured a recruit to inlist into some one 
of said battalions. And in case persons so detached, or any of them, . 
shall neglect or refuse to go into said service, said officers shall con- 
tinue to detach successively from the class to which the peraon 
detached and neglecting or refusing to go into said service belongs, 
untill they shall either detach one from §uch class who will agree to 
-go into said service, or untill they shall have detached every man in 
such claaa, and the person or persons so neglecting or refusing shall 
be liable to the penalties that persons drafted and neglecting to march 
are subjected to by a statute law of this State entituled An act in 
further addition to an act entituled [an act] for furnishing and regu- 
lating the militia and for the encouragement of military skill for the 
better defence of this State, and be proceeded against according to 
the directions of said statute : Provided however, that no person who 
has been already detached by virtue of the said proclamation shall be 
liable to be drafted by force of this clause. 

And he it further enaated, That if by drafting as aforraaid said 
officers shall not be able to procure one man from each of said classes 
to go into said service, said officets of said respective companies shall 
thereupon immediately proceed to detach from their respective com- 
panies to serve in said battalions untill the first day of January next 
such a number of able-bodied effective men as is proportioned to the 
number of classes belonging to said companies, which have not pro- 
vided their men, and shall certify the names of the persons so drafted 
to the next commission officers of any of said battalions, who is author- 
ized to take and cause him or them to join and serve in such battalions 
until! the first day of January next unless sooner discharged as afore- 
said. And the penalty which he or they shall have been subjected to 
by said proclamation or this act shall be remitted to him or them. 
And in case the person or persons in either of the ways aforesaid 
drafted shall thereupon voluntarily engage in either of the said 
battalions for said term, he or they shall at the expiration thereof be 
entituled to a premium of three pounds, and if sooner discharged to 
such part of said sum as is proportionable to the time for which he 
shall have served: Provided nevertheless, that no person in actual 
service on the 15'" of May instant or belonging to any class who shall 
have furnished or procured a man for said service in either of said 



Hosted by 



Google 



242 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

battalions, or hath contributed a part or proportion thereto, shall be 
subjected to such draft; anything in this act to the contrary 
notwithstan ding. 

And be it further enacted, That if any person drafted in manner 
aforesaid, or any other in their stead, shall inlist into any of said 
battalions for the term of three years or during the war, the fines 
arising by virtue of said proclamation and this act within the town to 
which he or they belong shall be distributed to such person or persons 
equally: Provided nevertheless, that not more than twenty pounds 
shall be distributed to one man. 

And he it further enacted, That every man so drafted as aforesaid 
who shall thereupon inlist into any of the continental battalions rais- 
ing in this State for the term of three years or during the war, and 
shall be accepted in said service, shall be entituled to the continental 
and state premiums, cloathing, wages and allowances. 

Whereas the exigencies of this State and the publick require a 
considerable supply of the treasury, 

It it therefore resolved by this Assembly, That a tax of twelve pence 
on the pound on the general list of polls and rateable estate of the in- 
habitants of this State brought into this Assembly in October, 1776, 
with the additions, be laid, collected and paid into the treasury of this 
State at or before the 29th day of December next ; and the Treasurer 
is ordered to send out his warrants accordingly. 

And for a temporary relief in the present exigency, it is further 
resolved hy this Assembly, That the Treasurer of this State be and he 
is hereby ordered and directed to borrow or issue hia notes on inter- 
est for such sums as there may be immediate occasion for, not ex- 
ceeding the sura of seventy-two thousand pounds in the whole, payable 
at said Treasurer's oflfice in continental bills or bills of this State, at 
or before the end of one year from the date, with interest at six 
per cent, per annum untill paid, or untill publick notice shall be 
given hy said Treasurer after the expiration of one year that he is 
ready to pay the same ; and none of such notes shall be issued for a 
less sum than thirty pounds, and that the moneys due to this State i)e 
collected as soon as may be. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That for the more effectual defence 
of this State on the sea coasts and frontiers, and to prevent incursions 
and depredations of the enemy, there be forthwith raised by voluntary 
inlistment two battalions, to consist of 728 men in each battalion in- 
cluding officers, in which two battalions shall be computed the troops 
that are already ordered to be raised and stationed in the several 
parts of this State on the sea coast. That said two battalions be con- 
tinued in service untill the first day of January nest, unless sooner 
discharged by the General Assembly or his Honor the Governor and 
Council of Safety. That all non-commissioned officers and soldiers 
who shall inlist into either of said battalions by the 15th day of July 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 243 

next, shall be allowed and paid a premium of six pounds, L. money, 
they providing themselTes with good and sufficient arras, accoutre- 
ments, blankets and knapsacks ; and such non-commission officers 
and soldiers shall have the same wages and allowances for aubsistance 
as is by Congress allowed to the continental army : Provided, that 
if said two battalions shall not be filled up by the said 15th day of 
July, it shall be in the power of the Governor with the advice of his 
Council of Safety to discharge so many of the commission officers as 
are supernumerary in proportion to the privates, according to the rule 
lately adopted and established by Congress ; and such officers shall be 
allowed wages to the time of their discharge. 

Whereas by reason of the great scarcity of salt, the inhabitants of 
this State are reduced to great distress, and likely to he reduced to 
greater if some effectual measures are not come into to prevent it. 

Therefore it is resolved hy this Assembly, That his Excellency the 
Governor and Council of Safety are desired and enabled to take the 
matter into their consideration and concert a proper plan for the man- 
ufacturing salt within this State and carry the same into execution; 
and also for the importation of salt: all at the cost and risque of this 
State. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That the militia officers holding com- 
missions in this State bearing date before the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence within this State be directed to deliver their commissions to the 
colonel or chief commanding officer of the regiment to which such of- 
ficers respectively belong,* and shall receive new commissions which 
shall be made out agreeable to the form lately directed by this Assem- 
bly and under the authority of this State, and for the offices they sus- 
tained by their former commissions in the respective companies to 
which they belong. And it shall be the duty of the colonel or com- 
manding officer of the several regiments in this State to apply to his 
Honor the Governor for new commissions for all such officers within 
their respective regiments and receive and deliver the same to said of- 
ficers upon their returning their former commissions, which shall be 
lodged with his Honor the Governor. And the rank of such officers 
shall not be affected thereby but be determined by the date of said 
former commissions. And his Honor the Governor is hereby impow- 
ered and desired to make out commissions for all such officers accord- 
ingly- 

Resolved by this Assembly, That there be a company of Raugers, 
of ninety men officers included, immediately raised by voluntary in- 
listment within this State for the defence of this and the other United 
States, to continue in service till the first day of January A. D. 1778. 
And each non-commissioned officer and soldier shall receive a bounty 



Hosted by 



Google 



244 PUBLIC RECORDS fMay, 

of three pounds lawfull money, he furnishing himself with cloatba, 
arms, accoutrements, one blanket and knapsack, and shall receive the 
same pay, wages and allowances, as are allowed by Congress to the 
continental troops ; and said company shall be subject to the rules 
and directions of his Honor the Governor or any other their superior 
officers. 

And he it further resolved, That Silvanus Mead be a Captain to 
command said company of rangers, Silvanus Marshall be First Lieu- 
tenant, Jehiel Mead Second Lieutenant, and Jesse Hait Ensign of said 
company, and that they be commissioned accordingly. 



Resolved by this Assembly, That the commissions for the ( 
in the company of rangers ordered to be raised in this State bear date 
the ninth day of May instant. 

Upon the subject matter of a letter from General Sylliman to his 
Honor the Governor, communicated to this Assembly, representing 
that one Mr. Wood, a surgeon's mate belonging to the enemy, had 
been sent to Fairfield with a design to procure leave to attend the en- 
emies sick and wounded at Danbury, and proposing in the name of 
Mr. Loring, commissary of prisoners of war, an exchange to be made, 

Resolved by this Asseinbly, That it be recommended to his Honor 
the Governor and Council of Safety, on consideration of the matter, 
to permit the said Wood to proceed in his intended business or not as 
to them shall seem most expedient, and to take such measures for the 
proposed exchange as they shall think proper and necessary to effect 
the same. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That General Erastus Wolcott, Capt. 
Epbraim Pease, Capt. Dudley Wright, Doct' John Dickinson, Mr. 
Asahel Holcomb, Capt. John Phelps, General James Wadsworth, Mr, 
Joseph Hopkins, Colo. Jonathan Fitch, Colo. Samuel Abbott, Mr. 
Hezekiah Lane, Capt. Robert Faircbild, Mr. Thaddeus Burr, Mr. Eb- 
enezer Hyde jun% Capt. Jabez Huntington, Mr. Nathan Frink, Capt. 
Elisha Child, Colo. Ebenezer Norton, Major Elijah Abell, and Mr. 
Thomas Muraford, Mr. Miles Beach, be and they are hereby appointed 
a committee for procuring fire-arms and gun-locks, and that the same 
powers and authority heretofore given to a former committee be and 
the same is hereby revived and given to said committee for the pur- 
pose of executing the aforesaid trust; and said committee are directed 
to exert their utmost endeavours to effect the manufacture of good 
fire-arms and gun-locks ; and said committee are to make report of 
liieir doings to the General Assembly in May next. 

And he it further resolved. That the same premiums and encour- 
agements shall be given to the manufacturers of fire-arms and gun- 
locks, under the same rules and regulations as hath been heretofore 
given and allowed, untill the first day of June next. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 245 

And be it further resolved, That Mr. Elihu Clark, Maj'' Nath' 
Brown, Mr. Samuel Smith, Capt, Lemuel Stoughton, Mr. Isaac Doo- 
little, Mr. Joseph Hopkins, Mr. Samuel Noyes, Mr. John Raymond, 
Capt. Daniel Judson, Capt. Jabez Huntington, Mr. EInathan Walker, 
Mr. Edmund Beach, and Capt. Mathew Gillett, be and they are 
hereby severally appointed Inspectors, to examine and approve of all 
such fire-arms and locks as shall be made within this State ; and none 
of said arms shall be received or paid for by said committee for the 
use of this State or any premium allowed thereon to any manufacturer 
untill examination and due proof has been made of such arms by said 
inspector or inspectors and a proper certificate given thereof under 
his or their hands that the same are good, well wrought, sufficiently 
strong and substantial. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the non- commission officers and 
soldiers of the brigade of militia that lately marched to Peekskill un- 
der the command of Brigadier General Eraatus "Wolcott be allowed a 
premium of twenty shillings each ; and that the commission officers 
in said brigade that were found to be supernumerary and greater than 
is allowed by a late resolve of Congress, and were dismist in conse- 
quence thereof, be paid their wages ; and the Committee of Pay-Table 
are directed to settle with them accordingly and charge the same to 
the continent, and that said G-eneral Wolcott take care that the pay 
abstracts are duly made according to the rules and orders of Congress 
and authenticated in proper form, and appoint some suitable person at 
the expence of this State to apply to G-eneral Washington for the pay 
of said brigade. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the commanding officers of the 
several regiments of militia, new levies, and troop of horse that have 
been out the year past at lie request of the General, and who have 
applyed to the General for pay and failed of receiving the same vrith- 
out any neglect or fault of theirs, exhibit their accounts of their after 
expence in procuring pay for their regiments &c. to the Committee of 
Pay-Table, who are to adjust said accounts and draw on the Treasurer 
for payment of what shall be found to be just and reasonable, and 
3 the same to the account of the continent. 



On consideration of a letter from his Excellency General Wash- 
ington of the seventli of April last to his Honor the Governor, and 
laid before this Assembly, wherein the General declines giving orders 
for payment of the 10th regiment of this State, on account of the 
great disproportion of oflicera to soldiers &c. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor be desired 
to write a letter to his Excellency the General, stating the peculiar 
circumstances of that regiment and requesting of the General pay- 
ment for the j:egiment for the officers according to the ranks in which 
they stood by their military commissions. 



Hosted by 



Google 



246 PUBLIC RECORDS [May,' 

Whereas it ia represented to this Assembly that several persons, 
who have been employed to make fire-arms for this State for the im- 
mediate security and defence of the country and to be made use of in 
actual service against the enemy, have through unskilfulness or neg- 
lect made and put off and imposed on this State poor deficient arms, 
totally unfit for service, whereby the lives of many of our soldiery 
who were furnished with them have been greatly exposed and the 
whole country endangered ; And whereas a fraud and breach of trust 
of this kind is attended with great aggravation and productive of the 
most fatal mischiefs to the public, it loudly calls for the attention of 
this Assembly, 

Therefore, resolved, That Colo. Samuel Talcott, Colo. John Ches- 
ter, and Maj' Roger Newberry, be and they are hereby appointed a 
committee to inquire into all such high-handed fraud and misde- 
meanor, and upon reasonable suspicion thereof by information or oth- 
erwise, said committee are fully impowered to call before them any 
and every such gun-smith who have been employed to make arms for 
this State, of whom they may be informed of any misdemeanor afore- 
said, and all such witnesses and evidence they think proper ; and on 
the whole to take every proper method to discover the frauds afore- 
said and the person or persons concerned therein, and thereof make 
report to the General Assembly of this State at this or their next ses- 



Resolved by this Assembly, That the officers and soldiers belong- 
ing to the State of Connecticut who were engaged in the continental 
army in the year 1776, be and they hereby are entituled to the same 
provision and allowance for their losses, expences &c,, in the same 
manner and under the same regulations as has been heretofore granted 
and allowed in the premises in all respects to the officers and soldiers 
of the new levies and militia; and the Committee of the Pay-Table 
are hereby directed to receive and adjust their accounts and draw or- 
ders for the same accordingly. 

This Assembly taking into consideration the resolve of the Hon''"'^^ 
Continental Congress of the 26th day of August, 1776, which said re- 
solve is in the words following : 

"Whereas in the course of the present war some commissioned 
officers and non-commissioned officers of the army or navy, as also 
private soldiers, marines and seamen, may lose a limb or be otherwise 
80 disabled as to prevent their serving in the army or navy or getting 
their livelihood, and may stand in need of relief, 

Resolved, That every commissioned officer, non-commissioned of- 
ficer and private soldier, who shall lose a limb in any engagement, or 
be so disabled in the serrice of the United States of America as to 
render him incapable afterwards of getting a livelihood, shall receive 
during his life or the continuance of such disability the one-half of his 
monthly pay from and after the time his pay as an officer or soldier 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 247 

ceases, to be paid by the committee as hereafter mentioned : That ev- 
ery commander of every ship of war or armed vessell, commissioned 
officer, warrant officer, marine or seaman, belonging to the United 
States of America, wlio shall lose a limb in any engagement in which 
no prize shall be taken, and be therein otherwise so disabled as to be 
rendered incapable of getting a livelihood, shall receive, duruig his life 
or the continuance of such disability, the one-half of his monthly pay 
from and after the time that his pay as an officer, or marine or sea- 
man, ceases, to be paid as hereafter mentioned. But in ease a prize 
shall be taken at the time such loss of limb or other disability shall 
happen, then such sum as he may receive out of the neat profits of 
such prize before a dividend is made of the same, agreeable to former 
orders of Congress, shall be considered as part of his half pay and 
computed accordingly: That every commissioned officer, non-com- 
missioned officer and private soldier in the army, and every com 
mander, commissioned officer, warrant officer, marine or seaman, of 
any of the ships of war or armed vessels belonging to the United 
States of America, who shall be wounded in any engagement so as to 
be rendered incapable of serving in the army or navy, though not to- 
tally disabled from getting a livelihood, shall receive such monthly 
sum towards his subsistance as shall be judged adequate by the As- 
sembly or other representative body of the State where he belongs or 
resides, upon application to them for that purpose, provided the same 
doth not exceed his half pay. Provided, that no commission officer 
and private soldier in the army, commajider, commission officer, war- 
rant officer, marine or seaman, of any of the ships of war or armed 
vessels belonging to the United States of America, who shall be 
wounded or disabled as aforesaid, shall be intituled to his half pay or 
other allowance, unless he produce to the committee or officer ap- 
pointed to receive the same in the State where he resides or belongs, 
or to the Assembly or Legislative Body of such State, a certificate 
■from the commanding officer, who was in the same engagement in 
which he was so wounded, or in case of his death from some other of 
fleer of the same corps, and the surgeon that attended him, or a cer- 
tificate from the commander of the ship of war or armed vessell en- 
gaged in the action, in which any officer, marine or seaman, received 
his wound, and from the surgeon who attended him, of the name of 
the person so wounded, his office, rank, department, regiment, com 
pany, ship of war or armed vessell, to which he belonged, his office 
and rank therein, the nature of his wound, and in what action or en- 
gagement he received it. That it be recommended to the several As- 
semblies or Legislative Bodies of the United States of America, to ap- 
point some person or persons in their respective States, who shall re- 
ceive and examine all such certificates as may be presented to them, 
and register the same in a book, and also what support is adjudged by 
the Assembly or Legislative Body of their State to those whose case 
requires but a partial support, and also of the payment from time to 
time of every half pay and other allowance, and of the death of such 



Hosted by 



Google 



248 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

disabled person, or ceasing of such allowance, and shall make a fair 
and regular report of the same quarterly to the Secretary of Congi-eas 
or Board of War, where a separate record shall be kept of the same. 
That it be recommended to the Assemblies or Legislative Bodies of 
the several States, to cause payment to be made of all such half pay 
or other allowances as shall be adjudged due to the persons afore- 
named on account of the United States : Provided that all such offi- 
cers and soldiers that may be entituled to the aforesaid pension, and 
are found to be capable of doing of guard or garrison duty shall be 
formed in a corps of invalids, and subject to the said duty, and all of- 
ficers, marines and seamen of the navy, who shall be entituled to the 
pension aforesaid, and shall be found capable of doing any duty on 
board of the navy, or any department thereof, shall be liable to be so 
eraplOTed." 

Wherev^pon it is resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee 
of Pay-Table be appointed, and they are Iiereby appointed and fully- 
authorized, to receive and examine the evidence produced by such 
persons, being inhabitants of this State, or others who have or here- 
after shall serve in any of the battalions raised in this State for 
the continental service and who were at the time when they received 
their wounds serving in any of the said battalions, and shall claim a 
pension by virtue of the aforesaid resolve of Congress, and to grant 
the same to all such who shall make proof in manner as therein 
is provided. And said Committee of Pay-Table are directed to pre- 
serve the evidence in all cases wherein such report shall be allowed 
either in part or whole of his half pay, by registering the same 
in a book to be kept for that purpose, and also what support shall be 
allowed and adjudged to such wounded and disabled person; and 
to make a regular report of the same quarterly to the Secretary 
of Congress or Board of War, all in manner as is in and by said 
resolve provided and directed. 

And it is further resolved, That all commission officers, non- 
commission officers of the army or navy, as also private soldiers, 
marines and seamen, raised by this State and not of the continental 
army or navy, who have or shall be wounded in any action so as to be 
disabled from getting a livelihood, upon their producing certificates 
as is provided in the afore-recited resolve of Congress, before the 
Committee of Pay-Table, and being examined and found true by said 
committee, shall be entituled to the same pension and support as is 
provided by said resolve of Congress, either in part or whole of his or 
their half pay as the case shall appear on proof, and to be continued 
during his the said disability or for life as the case shall happen. 
And the said Committee of Pay-Table are hereby directed to register 
the same in a book together with the name of the person claiming 
said pension, his place of residence, the company and battalion, 
or ship of war or armed vessell, to which he belonged at the time 
of receiving his wound, and place where and time when he received 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 249 

the same, and what support hath been adjudged to him, all in manner 
aa is provided and expressed in said resolve of Congress, and in the 
same cases and in no other than is therein mentioned and contained. 
And said Committee of Pay-Table are directed to make report of 
their doings, so far as relates to such persons who shall claim any 
support by virtue of the last paragraph of this resolve, to this As- 
sembly from time to time. 

Whereas it is found necessary and recommended by the Hon'''^ 
Continental Congress, that a Commissary of Prisoners of War should 
be appointed in the several United States, etc. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Ezekiel Williams, Eaq"^, be and he 
is hereby appointed a Commissary of Prisoners withinthis State, in 
the room of Mr. Epaphras Bull appointed by this Assembly in October 
last and who is now engaged and serving as a captain in the con- 
tinental army, who shall take care and provide for all such prisoners 
of war as are now within this State, or that hereafter may be sent to 
and kept within the same; and that said commissary for the time 
being shall observe all such rules and orders as shall from time 
to time be made by the General Assembly, his Honor the Governor 
and Committee of Safety, or Continental Congress, respecting such 
prisoners, for the due ordering, governing or providing for the same, 
and shall make monthly returns of the state and condition of said 
prisoners under his care to the Board of War appointed by said Con- 
gress. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That his Honor the Governor be 
requested to take such measures as he shall think proper, to pur- 
chase and secure for the use of this State a quantity of lead, said to 
be imported in a prize taken and brought into some part of the east- 
ward by the big Fanny, Capt. Whittlesey commander. 

Whereas this Assembly have made and passed at tlieir present 
sessions articles and regulations for preserving order, good govern- 
ment and discipline, among the militia and other forces of this State 
when called into actual service : And for the more speedy and effectual 
publishing the same, and that no one may plead ignorance thereof. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the said articles be immediately 
published in the several gazettes or news-papers in this State, and 
that one thousand copies of said articles be forthwith printed and one 
of said printed copies given to each field officer of the militia in this 
State and the field officers of the two battalions now ordered to 
be raised in this State for the defence of the sea coasts and frontiers, 
and also to the captains or commanding officers of the several com- 
panies in the said militia alarm list and the said two battalions. 
And it shall be the duty of the captains or commanding officers of the 



Hosted by 



Google 



250 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

respective companies of alarm lists and militia rolls to cause said 
articles to be read at the head of their respective companies on their 
stated training days. And when the militia or other forces are called 
into actual service for the defence of this State, it shall be the duty of 
the colonel or commanding officer of the regiments or battalions 
of the said militia or other forces raised or shall hereafter be raised 
in this State, and the captains or commanding officers of the re- 
spective companies, to cause said articles to he read at the head 
of their respective regiments or companies as often as once a month 
during the time they sliall continue in service. 

Resolved by this Agsemhly, That his Honor the Governor and 
Council of Safety be authorized and im powered to devise some 
equitable rule for the distribution of such salt as hatli been or shall 
be imported at the expence of this State to and among the inhabitants 
of the several towns thereof, in proportion to the number of inhabit- 
ants in each town, and to take effectual measures for distributing 
said salt accordingly. 

Resolved hif this Assembly, That the pay of the Council of Safety 
shall be twelve shillings per diem for each man's time spent in that 
service, and four pence per mile for travel each session, they bearing 
their own expences; any former resolve of the General Assembly 
notwithstanding. 

Whereas his Excellency General Washington in his letter of the 
23'' day of April, 1777, to Brig' General Parsons, laid before this 
Assembly, has recommended that attention be paid by this State 
to tlie ease of the prisoners from New York and the legal representa- 
tives of those who died during their captivity, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee of the Pay-Table 
receive, examine and adjust the accounts and give order for the pay- 
ment of such wages as are dne to any such prisoners belonging 
to tliis State or their legal representatives, from the time they were 
captured untill released, and a reasonable time afterwards for their 
return home, or untiil the time of their death. And that said 
committee take the affidavit of each of such prisoners to his account 
annexed, therein setting forth the time when and place where he was 
captured, when released, to what regiment and company he belonged, 
and that he had received no pay or satisfaction from the United 
States for the time he was in captivity. And also, where claims 
shall be made by any legal representatives of such deceas'd prisoners, 
said committee shall take the affidavit of such representative to his 
account annexed, therein setting fortli the time when and place 
where said deceas'd prisoner was taken, to what regiment and com- 
pany he belonged, and the time of his death according to the best 
information he had obtained, and that he had received no pay or 
satisfaction from the United States for the wages which became due 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 251 

to said deceas'd prisoner between the day he was captured and the 
time of his death. 

And be it further resolved, That said committee on the settlement 
-of such accounts shall make out a duplicate thereof and transmit the 
original to General Washington, in order to procure reimbursement 
of the same. 

Mesolved by this Aasemhly, That his Honor the Governor be 
-desired to write by an express to the Hon"'^ Representatives of 
this State now at the Continental Congress, requesting them to 
procure all such evidence as may be collected from Colo. Dewer 
or any other quarter, respecting any secret plots and conspiracies 
that may be in this State against this or any of the United States, 
either by receiving of protections from Lord or General Howe, or any 
other person, or being aiding or assisting in the distribution of such 
protections in any other way, or any plot or conspiracy whatsoever'; 
-and that they transmit to this Assembly or to his Honor the Governor 
and Committee of Safety a particular account thereof by said express, 
or as soon as may be. 

On the representation of Brig' General Silliman, shewing to 
this Assembly that a flag of truce has lately arrived at Norwalk 
by permission from Admiral Howe, commander of the fleet of our 
enemies off New York, under protection of which Daniel Ketcham 
and Andrew Bennett, two inhabitants of and owing allegiance to this 
and the United States, who had sometime since deserted and gone 
over to, and taken part with the enemy against their country, are 
come to said Norwalk, in order to convey from said town and Fairfield 
"the family and effects of Benjamin Jarviss, Samuel Hitchcock, James 
Ketchura and Nath" Williams, who had also deserted their country 
and gone over to the enemy ; and said Brig' General Silliman having 
before signifyed to the enemy that they ought to desist from sending 
persons of that character to any part of this State under protection of 
a flag; and said General Syllimau praying for direction how to 
proceed with said deserters now in his custody &c. 

Resolved by this Amemhly, That on consideration of the uncer- 
tainty whether General Silliman's letter disapproving the enemy's 
sending a flag by such persons who have deserted their country and 
its cause and gone from this State to join the army of our enemy, was 
received before this flag was sent, that said Gfeneral Silliman is there- 
fore to permit the said Daniel and others to return in the flag. 

And whereas this Assembly judge it inconsistent with the honor of 
the Imo and the rules and customs of contending pow&rs and unsafe to 
permit such deserters to pass and repass wnder the protection of flags of 
truce, do therefore fuHher resolve and order, That Brig. General Silli- 
man do publish and make known, by the return of said flag or in 
the best and most effectual way, that for the future no such deserters 
■or absconding persons shall be permitted to come into this ;_State 



Hosted by 



Google 



2o2 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

under colour oi- protection of a flag of truce, on the pains and penal- 
ties of being detained and dealt with according to the laws of this 
State. 

And it is further resolved. That the families of the persons applied 
for Hhall not be permitted to go over to their friends witliin the 
enemies lines unless an equal number who have been captured by 
the enemy of our inhabitants not under arms and carried off be 
returned in exchange, and in that case that no property except 
necessary cloathing be supplied to be carried with them, and no male 
person capable of bearing arms shall be permitted to go ; and said 
General Silliman is hereby authorized and directed to negotiate 
the matter accordingly. 

And it is further resolved, That this instance be not considered as 
a rule of conduct in like cases for the future, least the enemy be 
encouraged to malce their inhuman incursions into the country, 
captivate and carry away families aud persons not under arms, 
contrary to the custom and usage of all civilized nations. 

Whereas this Assembly directed the Pay-Table to draw on the 
Treasurer for wages due to the officers and prisoners at New York 
to be paid in hard money, and to enable the Treasurer to answer 
said draft, in case sufficiency of hard money is not in the treasury : 
Resolved and ordered, that the Treasurer procure the sum of four 
hundred pounds hard money, and give his obligation in behalf of this 
State for the repayment thereof with lawfuU interest, for the purpose 



An Act to exempt the Botlles of Non-commiaelon Officers and Soldiers be- 

loi^ng to the Contmental Army trom Arrests or 

Imprisonment on Account of Debt. 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representativex, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same. That the 
bodies of all non-commission officers and soldiers belonging to the 
continental army shall be exempted from arrests and imprisonment 
for or on account of any debts originally due by contract from them, 
and that all such non-commission officers and soldiers as are now 
holden in execution for any such debt be forthwith released from 
confinement: Provided however, that the estates of such non-com- 
mission officers and soldiers as shall be discharged from confinement 
by virtue of this act sliall still be liable to be taken by virtue of the 
same execution by which they were confined, and sold and disposed 
of to satisfy such execution accordingly, and that their bodies after 
they shall be discharged from said array, in case the execution by 
which they were con&ued previous to the making this act are then 
unsatisfyed, shall be liable to be taken and imprisoned by force of 
said execution. 

Whereas it is represented to this Assembly that sundry atrocious 
acts of robbery and theft have lately been committed and done in 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 253 

-some of the western parts of this State by some of the inhabitants 
belonging to the same, whereby the people who have been the un- 
happy sufferers are greatly hurt and distressed, 

It is thereupon resolved by this Aa^eTnhly, That the several attor- . 
neys for this State in the respective counties within the same forth- 
with do exert themselves with the utmost attention and vigilance, to 
enquire into and prosecute for all such breaches of law supposed to 
be done within this State. And all grand-jurymen, and other in- 
forming officers, are hereby ordered and directed to pursue with great 
care and diligence all lawfull measures to recover for the proper 
owners all such goods stolen as aforesaid, and discover the authors 
■of such mischief, and to institute and pursue every legal prosecution 
that may be necessary and proper as the case may require, that so 
the good and wholesome laws of this State in such cases made and 
provided be carried into due execution, offenders brought to con- 
dign punishment, all the people of this State protected in their rigiits, 
liberties and privileges, and such mischief prevented for the future. 
And that a copy of this resolve be transmitted to said attorneys and 
also to the selectmen of the respective towns in this State, who are 
hereby directed to use their greatest influence that the duties re- 
quired and referred to in this resolve be performed accordingly. 
And the judges of the superior and county courts in this State are 
hereby directed forthwith to convene such respective court or courts 
in a 'sessions specially appointed for the purpose of carrying this 
resolve into proper execution when occasion shall so require. 

This Assembly do appoint the Hon'''* Mathew Gfriswold, William 
Pitkin, Roger Sherman, Abraham Davenport and William Williams, 
Esq", Messrs. Titus Hosmer,* Benjamin Payne, General James Wads- 
worth. Benjamin Huntington, William Hillhouse, Thadeus Burr, Na^ 
thaniel Wales jun% Daniel Sherman, and Andrew Adams, to be a 
Council or Committee of Safety, to assist his Honor the Governor 
when the Assembly is not sitting, with full power and authority to 
order and direct the militia and navy of this State and the marches 
and stations of the troops that have been or shall be inlisted and 
assembled for the special defence of this or the neighbouring States, 
or any part or parts thereof, as they shall judge necessary, and to 
give all necessary orders from time to time for furnishing and sup- 
plying said militia, troops and navy, in every respect and to every 
purpose that may be needfuU to render the defence of these States 
effectual ; with full power and authority to fulfill and execute every 
trust already reposed or that shall be reposed by this Assembly in 
his Honor the Governor and Council of Safety aJforesaid. And this 
Assembly do expect and desire his Honor the Governor to notify and 



Hosted by 



Google 



254, PUBLIC RECORDS [Mity^ 

convene the whole of said Council on all important occasions and 
business which may be before them ; but when the necessity and 
safety of the publick may require greater dispatcli than can consist 
with the notice and attendance of the whole, and on smaller matters, 
his Honor the Governor at his discretion may convene a smaller 
number, not less than five to be a quorum, to act with him in the 
matters and business as aforesaid. 

Whereas sundry of the inhabitants of this State, some from ill 
advice, others from inadvertence and mistaken apprehensions, have 
absconded and put themselves under the protection of the enemies 
of this and the other States of America, but are now supposed to be 
convinced of their error, and would probably return to their duty 
had they assurance of protection &c. 

/( is thereupon resolved hy this Assembly, That his Honor the 
Governor of this State be and he is tereby desired to issue a proc- 
lamation assuring pardon of all treason or misprision of treason 
heretofore done relative to joining the enemy as aforesaid, to all such 
of said inhabitants so absconded as aforesaid as shall at or before 
the first day of August next ensuing appear in this State before an 
assistant or justice of the peace and take a proper oath of allegiance 
to be true and faithfuU to this State, and shall declare that they break 
off and discard all connections with the enemy, and that they will 
yield true and faithful! obedience to the laws of this State : That 
each of said inhabitants so conforming shall be indemnifyed and 
freed from any prosecution for any act by him or them heretofore 
done relative to aiding, joining or assisting the enemies of this State, 
and that every such person so long as they continue so to conform 
and behave shall be protected in their rights and liberties in com- 
mon with the other inhabitants of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Roger Enos, Esq"", to be Colonel of one 
of the battalions to be raised for the defence of this State till the 
first day of January next. 

This Assembly do appoint Peter Curtiss, Abel Pettibone, Elijah 
Robinson and James Smith, to be Captains in the battalions to be 
raised till the first day of January next. 

This Assembly do appoint Thomas Stevens, Jonathan Roberts, 
Eliphalet Chamberlin, Edward Payne and Nathaniel West, to be 
First Lieutenants in the battalions to be raised till the first day of 
January next. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Smith, Ephraim Taylor, Abner 
Granger, Noah Dickinson and Nathaniel Churchill, to be Second 
Lieutenants in the battalions to be raised till the first day of Jan- 
uary next. 

This Assembly do appoint Benjamin Holcomb, Joshna Gates jun', 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777,] OP CONNECTICUT. 25& 

Samuel Akins and John Fraiiciss, to be Ensigns in the battalions to 
be raised for this State till the first day of January next. 

Thia Assembly do appoint James Arnold, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of cue of the battalions now to be raised for the defence^of 
this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathaniel Bunnell, Augustus Collins, 
to be Captains in one of the battalions to be raised for the defence 
of thia State. 

This Assembly do appoint Abner* Bradley to be First Lieuten- 
ant in one of the battaHons to be raised for the defence of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Amaziah Baldwin and Jabez Pritchard 
to be Second Lieutenants in the battalions to be raised for the de- 
fence of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Levi Gaylord and David Scranton to 
be Ensigns in the battalions to be raised for the defence of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Seth Smith, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel in the two battalions now to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Edward Rogers, Abraham Bradley and 
Reuben Bostwick, to be Captains in the two battalions now to be- 
raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Noah Judson and Roger Moore to be 
First Lieutenants in the two battalions now to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Miller and Stephen Dodge to- 
be Second Lieutenants in the two battalions now to be raised in this 
State. 

This Assembly do appoint David Ruaco, Ezekiel Lewiss and Israel 
Williams, to be Ensigns in the two battalions now to be raised in 
this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Ely, Esq', to be Colonel of one of 
the battalions now to be raised for the service of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathan Palmer and Josiah Baldwin to- 
be Captains in the two battalions now to be raised for the service 
, of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Shipman, Esq', and Solomon 
Story to be First Lieutenants in the two battalions now to be raised 
for the defence of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Richard Chapman and Joseph Chap- 
man to be Second Lieutenants in the two battalions now to be raised 
for the defence of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Clement Minor and John Griswold to 
be Ensigns in the two battalions now to be raised for the defence of 
this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Major Elias Buell to be Major of one of 
the battalions now to be raised for the service of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint James Dana of Mansfield, John Kyes. 

* Aner in original. Set. War, vii, IT. 



Hosted by 



Google 



256 PUBLIC EECOBDS [May, 

of Ashford, and Ebenezer Mosely of Wiudham, to be Captains in the 
two battalions now to be raised for the service of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer West of Lebanon, Joeiah 
Cleavelaiid of Canterbury, and Asa Lyon of Woodstock, to be First 
Lieutenants in the two battalions now to be raised for the service of 
this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Hale of Coventry, Joshua Bot- 
tom of PJainfield, and Lemuel Grosvenor of Pomfret, to be Second 
Lieutenants in the two battalions now to be raised for the service 
of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Benjamin Converse of Killingly, John 
Wylie of Voluntown, and Jabez Clark of Lebanon, to be Ensigns of 
the two battalions now to be raised for the service of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Davenport jun' to be Major in 
the two battalions now to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Jesse Bel! and Stephen Thorp to be 
Captains in the two battalions now to be raised in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Caleb Church and Salomon Booth to 
be First Lieutenants in the two battalions now to be raised in this 
State. 

This Assembly do appoint Ezra Benedict and Bille Trowbridge to 
be Second Lieutenants in the two battalions now to be raised in this 
State. 

This Assembly do appoint Job Smith jun^ and Martin Warner 
to be Ensigns in the two battalions now to be raised in this State.* 



*The arrangement of officers of tlie two battalions, in the handwriting of Gov- 
ernor Trumbull, is in Sev. War, vii, 33. 34. dat«d lOtli June, 1777. 

Mrat Battalion : Roger Enos. Esq', Colo., Seth Smith. Esq', Lt. Colo,, Jolin 
Davenport jun'. Esq'. Major. 

Edward Rogers, Cornwall, Capt. ; Roger Moor. Salisbury. Lt. ; Jabez Pritchard, 
Derby, 2d Lt,; David Rubco. Sharon. Ena, 

Abel Pettibone, Simsbury, Capt.; Thomas Stevens, Glassenbury, Lt.; Abner 
Granger. SuiBeld, 2d Lt. ; Benja. Holcomb, Simsbury, Ens. 

Atir'" Bradley. Litchfield, Capt.; John Prudden, Milford, Lt.; Bben- Miller, 
Torringt^n, 3d Lt.; Israel Williams. Hartland, Ens. 

Reuben Boatwick. N. Milford, Capt.; Noah Judson. Woodbury. Lt.; Stephen 
Dodge, Kent, 2d Lt. ; Ezek' Lewis. Woodbury. Ens. 

Nath" Bunnell. Wallingford. Capt.; Aner Bradley, N. Haven, Lt.; Amaziah 
Baldwin, Branford, 2d Lt.; John Francis. Wethersfield. Ens. 

Jesse Bell, Stamford, Capt.; Caleb Church, Danbury. Lt.; Bille Trobridge. 
N. Fairfield, 2d Lt.; Job Smith jun', Ridgfleld, Ens. 

Peter Curtiss. Farmington. Capt.; Jon"" Roberts, Hartford, Lt.; Nath" Chur- 
chell, Farmineton, 2d Lt,; Levi Qaylord, Waterbury, Ena, 

Stephen Thorp, Fairfield, Capt.; Solomon Booth, Stratford, Lt.; Ezra Benedict. 
Norwalt, 2d Lt.; Martin Warner, Ens. 

Second Battalion : John Ely, Esq', Colo.; James Arnold, Esq', Lt. Colo., Elias 
Buell, Esq'. Major. 

James Dana, Mansfield, Capt. ; Eben' West, Ijebanon, Lt. ; Joseph Hale, Cov- 
entry. 2d Lt,; Jabez Clark, Lebanon, Ens. 

John Keyes, Ashford, Capt ; Asa Lyon, Woodstock, Lt,; Lemuel Grosvenor, 
Pomfret, 2d Lt,; Benj. Converse, Killingly, Ens. 

Elijah Robinson. Stafford, Capt.; Nath' West, Tolland, Lt.; Noah Dickinson, 
Somera. 2d Lt.; Sam' Atkins, Chatham. Ens. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICDT. 267 

This Assembly do appoint the Hon'''' Jabez Huntington, Esq', to 
be one of the Council of Safety for the year ensuing. 

Whereas Lieut. Colonel Selah Hart of Farmington hath preferred 
his memorial to this Assembly, for himself and about thirty-eight other 
continental officers captivated by the enemies of the United States of 
America and confined by them on Long Island, shewing to this 
Assembly that said officers and their families are reduced to great 
distress by means of said officers being held in captivity, the most 
of them ever since the 16tli of September last, since which they have 
received no wages or allowances from the United States or either of 
them, and that they have spent all their money, are considerably in 
debt, and have no means of subsistence; that they are unable to 
procure hard money ; that paper money or bills will not pay them;, 
praying for relief &c., as per memorial and a list of said officers' 
names lodged in the -files of this Assembly appears. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Committee of the Pay-Table 
be and they are hereby directed to adjust and settle said officers' 
accounts, when produced to them, and to allow to them, the same wages 
since their captivity as was allowed to officers of their rank in the 
continental army at the time they were captured ; and tliat the com- 
mittee pay to them, or to said Selah Havt for their use, the ballance 
due to each of said officers or such part thereof as on consideration of 
their case may appear necessary for their relief : Provided such evi- 
dence shall be produced as shall satisfy said committee that said 
officers have not received their wages already. And said committee 
are directed, if possible, to make said payment, or considerable part 
thereof, in hard money, and for that purpose to draw on the Treas- 
urer of this State for the same or bills of credit to exchange for the 
same, and the Treasurer is directed to pay the same accordingly ; and 
said committee are to charge the sum so paid to the United States and 
transmit an account thereof to General Washington with the names 
and offices of the persons to whom or for whom the same is paid, and 
the battalion and company to which they belonged, as soon as they 
can ascertain the same, and request the General to give orders that 
said sum may be ordered and paid to the Treasurer of this State for 
the use of this State." 

Ebenezer Moseley, WindMm, Capt.; Josiah Cleveland, Canterbury, Lt.; Josbua 
Bottom, Plainfield, 3d Lt. ; Jno. Wiley, Voluntown, Ens. 

Nathan Palmer jun.., Stonington. Capt.; John Shipman, Saybroob, Lt.; lUch- 
ard Chapman, N. London, 2d Lt, ; John Griawold, Lyma, Ens. 

joaiah Baldwin, Killingworth, Capt.; Solomon Story, Preaton, Lt.; Joseph 
Chapman, Norwich. 2d Lt. ; Clement Minor, Stoningtou, Ens. 

James Smith, Haddam, Capt, ; Edward Payn, Botton, Lt, ; Samuel Smith, East 
Winsor, 2d Lt.; Joshua Gates jun., E. Haddam, Ena, 

Augustus Collins, Guilford, Capt, ; Bliph' Chamberlin, Colchester, Lt. ; Ephraim. 
Taylor, Hebron, ad Lt,; David Scranton, Durham, Ens. 

* Receipts for money received through Col, Selah Heart from the following cap-/ 
tivB ofBcers are found in Bev. Wair, lii, 130-181. 

Col. Ethan Allen, Ens. Eli Bamum, Capt. Bezaleel Beebe, Capt, Noble Benedict, 
17 



Hosted by 



Google 



258 PUBLIC RECORDS [^^y. 

Resolved iy this Assembly, That a bounty or premium of one 
shilling per pound be paid out of the public treasury of this State for 
all saltpetre that shall be manufactured according to the laws already 
provided for manufacturing saltpetre and nitre, from the lirst day of 
June next and before the first day of January next. 

This Assembly do appoint Messrs. John Chenevard and James 
Church to be of the Committee of Pay-Table. 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That the Committee of Pay-Table be 
and they are hereby impowered to appoint one or two clerks as they 
shall find necessary in said office. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the militia of this State, both 
officers and soldiers, when ordered into service for the future shall be 
entituled to the same pay, rations and other allowances, as is or shall 
be from time to time allowed by Congress to the continental troops of 
equal rank, and that the Committee of the Pay-Table be impowered 
and directed to examine and settle the pay-rolls accordingly : Provided 
that said militia be not allowed pay for more than a reasonable time 
after orders received before they march, not exceeding in any instance 
more than four days. 

This Assembly do appoint Capt. Wait Goodrich, Docf Eneas Mun- 
son, Mr. Constant Southworth and Colo. Joshua Porter, Inspectors of 
Gun-powder manufactured within this State for the year ensuing, ^nn 

This Assembly do appoint Mr. Constant Southworth, Doct' Eneas 
Munson, Colo. Joshua Porter and Mr. Wait Goodrich to be Reinspec- 
tors of Saltpetre at the powder-mills in this State for the year ensuing. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the committee appointed to pur- 
chase fire-arms for the use of this State settle their accounts with the 
Committee of Pay-Table, who are directed to make tiiem a reasonable 
allowance for their care and trouble in the affair ; and the committee 
for the purchasing fire-arms are also to deliver the Committee of Pay- 



Capt. Ozias Biasell, Lt. John Blackleach, Ena. Anthony Bradford, Ena. Robert Brad- 
ford, Lt. Joshua Brainerd, Lt. Beuja. Brewster. Adit. James Clark, Lt. Wm, Cleve- 
land, Lt. Jesse Cooke, Capt. John Couch, Lt, Nath 1 Edwards, Ens, J. Beard EeUs, 
Lt. Tbos, Fanning, Lt. Jahez Pitch, Ens. Th. Updike Fosdick. Lt. Jonath. Gillet, 
Lt. Nath'l Gove, Lt, Jesse Grant, Ens. Thos. Hender, Lt. Col. Thos. Hohby, Capt. 
Joseph Hull, Capt. Sami Keeler, Ens. DanT Knollon, Ens. Elihu Lyman, Lt. Solo- 
mon Orcutt, Capt. Timo. Percival, Capt. Peter Perit, Capt. Elijah Smith, W. Mr. 
Enos Smith, Or. Mr. Benj. Stoirs, Lt. Thos, Tanner, Ens. Timo. Taylor. Capt. Caleb 
Trowliridge, Lt. John Trowbridge, Maj. Levi Wells, Capt. Samuel Welles. 

And the following privates are named. Id., doc. 183. 

Sereno Baker, Jno. Bancroft, Simeoti Barns, Dan'l Benjamin, J. Betsey, Pan'l 
BoTiton, SamT Camp, SamT Emmons, Levi French, Sum'l Husted, Wm. Mears, 
Wm. Spurr, 8, Wilbams, J. Winston. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 259 

Table an account of the number of the arms purchased, and where 
those arms lodged or how disposed of ; which accounts the Committee 
of Pay-Table are as soon as may be [to] lay before the General 
Assembly, that a just and equal distribution thereof may be made to 
the several towns in this State. 

Upon the representation of Messrs. Benjamin Hensbaw and William 
Whiting, managers of the cannon foundery at Salisbury, shewing that 
the workmen employed in carrying on the business of said foundery 
are liable to be drafted for the army, and that a number of them have 
already been drafted, that the workmen discover great uneasiness at 
their being thus liable to draught and fines, think it reasonable they 
should be exempted therefrom so long as they are engaged in the busi- 
ness aforesaid, conceiving that their respective services will conduce 
more to forward the warlike operations of this State in that capacity 
than in any other, and su^esting it as their opinion that it is requisite 
a sufficient number of men to do the necessary business of said foundery 
be exempted from such draughts and fines as aforesaid ; and upon the 
report of the committee on said recommendation, 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That a number of the principal men 
necessarily employed in said business, not exceeding fifty in the whole, 
for the time they are so employed be exempted and discharged from 
all past or future draughts and fines for filling up the army, or for 
actual service in the militia during the time they continue in the ser- 
vice at said furnace, and that it be left at the discretion of said mana- 
gers to determine who shall then be exempted, which they are hereby 
directed immediately to do and give information thereof to the com- 
manding officers of the companies to which they respectively belong, 
if within this State. 

On report of the committee appointed by this Assembly to take into 
consideration the subject matter of the memorial of Nath' Jones, Simon 
Tuttle, Joel Tuttle, Nathaniel Mathews, John Mathews, Riverius 
Carrington, Lemuel Carrington, Zerubbabel Jerom jun'', Chauncey 
Jerom, Ezra Dormer, Nehemiah Royce, Abel Royce, George Beckwith, 
Abel Priebee, Levi Frisbey, Jared Peck, and Abraham Waters, all 
of Farmington, shewing that they are imprisoned on suspicion of 
their being inimical to America ; that they are ready and willing to 
join with their country and to do their utmost for its defence; and pray- 
ing to be examined and set at liberty, as per said memorial on file, 
reporting that the said committee caused the authority &c. of Farm- 
ington to be duly notifyed, that they convened the memorialists before 
them at the house of Mr. David Bull on the 22* of instant May and 
examined them separately touching their unfriendliness to the 
American States, and heard the evidences produced by the parties ; 
that they found said persons were committed for being highly inimi- 
cal to the United States, and for refusing to assist in the defence of 



Hosted by 



Google 



260 POBLic EECOHDH [May, 

the country ; that on examination it appeared they had been much 
under the influence of one Nichols,* a designing church clergyman 
who had instilled into them principles opposite to the good of the 
States ; that under the influence of such principles they had pursued 
a course of conduct tending to the ruin of the country and highly dis- 
pleasing to those who are friends to the freedom and independence of 
the United States ; that under various pretences they had refused to 
go in the expedition to Danbury ; that said Nathaniel Jones and 
Simon Tuttle have as they suppose each of them a son gone over to 
the enemy ; that there was, however, no particular positive fact that 
sufficiently appeared to have been committed by them of an atrocious 
nature against the States, and that they were indeed grossly ignorant 
of the true grounds of the present war with Great Britain ; that they 
appeared to be penitent of their former conduct, professed themselves 
convinced since the Danbury alarm that there was no such thing as 
remaining neuters; that the destruction made there by the tories was 
matter of conviction to them ; that since their imprisonment upon 
serious reflexion they are convinced that the States are right in their 
claim, and that it is their duty to submit to their authority, and that 
they will to the utmost of their power defend the country against the 
British army ; and that the said committee think it advisable that the 
said persons be liberated from their imprisonment on their taking an 
oath of fidelity to the United States : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
the said persons be liberated from their said imprisonment on their 
taking an oath of fidelity to this State and paying costs, taxed at 
£.22 7 10 ; and the keeper of the goal in Hartford is hereby directed 
to liberate said persons accordingly. 

Whereas this Assembly have received information that frequent 
incursions have been made by the enemy into the town of Greenwich 
and parts adjacent, and have taken cattle from the inhabitants in that 
quarter, and it is not in the power of this Assembly to give them im- 
mediate relief : Resolved by this Assembly, that his Honor the Gov- 
ernor be desired to request General Parsons to order four hundred of 
the continental troops raised in this State to be detained for the 
present in the town of Greenwich and parts adjacent, for the defence 
of said inhabitants. 

Whereas there are several complaints exhibited to this Assembly 
against a number of military companies and military officers belong- 
ing to this State : Resolved by this Assembly, that Colo. Nathaniel 
Terry, Colo. Isaac Lee and Colo. John Chester be and they are hereby 
appointed a committee to examine into the conduct of the several 
military officers and military companies in the county of Hartford 
against whom complaints have been laid in to this Assembly, and 
report make of what they find and do to this or some future Assembly. 

*Rev. James Nicliols. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF coNNECxrcuT. 261 

Whereas there are several complaints exhibited to this Assembly 
against a number of military companies and a number of military 
officers belonging to this State : Resolved by this Assembly, that Colo. 
Joshua Porter, Oapt. Edward Rogers, and Captain John Watson, be 
and they are hereby appointed a committee to examine into the con- 
duct of the several military officers or military companies in the 
coTinty of Litchfield against whom complaints have been laid in to this 
Assembly, and report make of what they find and do to this or some 
future Assembly. 

Whereaa there are several complaints exhibited to this Assembly 
against a number of military companies and a number of military 
officers belonging to this State : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
Colo. Nehemiah Beardslee, Colo. Thomas Pitch and Maj' Elijah Abel, 
be and they are hereby appointed a committee to examine iflto the 
conduct of the several military officers and military companies in the 
county of Fairfield against whom complaints have been laid in to this 
Assembly, and report make of what they find and do to this or some 
future Assembly. 

Whereas it is represented to this Assembly t^at a number of per- 
sons have procured themselves to be inoculated with the small pox 
and are placed in the house of Capt. Stephen Thorp at the Mill River, 
so called, opposite to Saco Hill in Fairfield, near one of the guard 
houses, to the interruption of the guards and defence of that town : 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the civil authority and selectmen in 
Fairfield be and they are hereby directed and ordered forthwith to 
remove the said infected persons, or cause them to be removed, to 
some place of safety for said disorder and the more northern parts of 
said town, and that they cause said house to be cleansed of said infec- 
tion without delay, and that the expence thereof be borne by said in- 
fected persons, their parents, guardians &c. 

This Assembly do appoint Mr. Hezekiah Wadsworth to be one of 
a committee heretofore appointed by this Assembly to make sale of 
the common and undivided land belonging to the Timxis Tribe of 
Indians situate in Farmington, in the room of Colo. John Strong 



Resolved hy thh AssemUy, That the . block-house lately burnt 
over Newgate Prison be with all convenient speed rebuilt on the 
foundation whereon said former block-house was erected, and that the 
same be made and constructed as near as may be like the said former 
block-house, and that in some suitable place near to said block-house 
there be built a dwelling-house thirty feet in length and eighteen feet 
in width, one story high, two rooms on the floor, and the chimney to 
be built on one side of said house in such manner as to diminish as 



Hosted by 



Google 



262 PUBLIC KECORDS [May, 

little of the rooms as may conveniently be, and that said house be 
a framed house and built with materials as usual for the accommoda- 
tion of the goaler and his family, and that the overseers of said prison 
be appointed to procure the said buildings to be erected, and that said 
overseers do as soon as may be prepare said prison for the reception 
of such persons as shall be ordered to be confined there. 

This Assembly do appoint Araaziah Branch of Preston Surveyor 
of Lands for the county of New London. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Crane to be Surveyor of 
Lands in and for the county of Litchfield. . 

Resolved hy this Assembly, That the return made by Lieuten' Elias 
Sanford Palmer, of the aixtii military company of Stonington in the 
eighth regiment, respecting the choice of commission oSicers in said 
company, be set aside and the same is hereby set aside accordingly, 
and that said company be led to a new choice of commission officers 
under the superintendency of some one of the field officers of said 
regiment, and that a return thereof be made to this Assembly, or 
in the recess thereof to his Honor the Governor and his Council 
of Safety, who on return thereof are requested to commission them 
accordingly. 

This Assembly do appoint the Hon"'*' Jabez Huntington, Esq', to be 
First Major General over the whole militia of this State, in the room 
of Major General Wooster deceas'd. 

This Assembly do appoint Brigadier General James Wadsworth, 
Esq", to be Second Major General over the whole militia of this State, 
in the room of Maj' General Huntington advanced to be first major 
general over said militia. 

This Assembly do appoint Colo, John Tyler to be Brigadier General 
of the third brigade of militia in this State, in the room of Brig. 
General Saltonstall resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Colo. Andrew Ward jun', to be Briga- 
dier General of the second brigade of militia in this State, instead of 
Brig. General James Wadsworth promoted to be second major general 
of said militia. 

This Assembly do appoint Colo. John Douglas to be Brigadier 
General of the fiftli brigade of militia in this State, in the room 
of Brig''. General Dyer resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Roger Newberrj-, Esq'', Colonel of the 
first regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Samuel Wyllys, 
Esq', appointed a colonel in the continental service. 

This Assembly do appoint Hezekiah Wyllys, Esq'', Lieutenant 
Colonel of the first regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Thomas Seymour, Esq'', appointed lieutenant colonel of lighf>-hor8e 
in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 263 

This Assembly do appoint Elihu Kent, Esq"', Major of the first 
regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Soger Newberry, Esq', 
promoted. ' 

This Assembly .do appoint Jabez Hill, Esq'', to be Major of the 
third regiment of horse within this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Maj' Jonathan Dimon to be Lieutenant 
Colonel in the fourth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Lieut. Colo. Gould deceaa'd. 

This Assembly do appoint Elijah Abel, Esq', to be Major in the 
fourth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Maj' Jonath" 
Dimon promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Howell Woodbridge, Esq', to be Lieu- 
tenant Colonel of the sixth regiment of militia in this State, in 
"the room of John Chester, EaqS resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Capt. Jonathan Wells of Glastonbury 
to be Major of the sixth regiment of militia in this State, in the room 
of Howell Woodbridge, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint William Worthington, Esq^ of Say- 
brook, Colonel of the seventh regiment of militia in this State, in the 
room of Andrew Ward jun'. Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Silvanus Grave, Esq', of Killingworth, 
Lieutenant Colonel of the 7th regiment of militia, in the room of 
William Worthington, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Abraham Tyler, Esq', of Haddam, 
Major of the seventh regiment of militia, in the room of Sylvanus 
Graves, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Oliver Smith, Esq', to be Colonel of the 
eighth regiment of militia in this State, instead of Colo, John Tyler 
promoted to the rank of brigadier general. 

This Assembly do appoint Nal£an Gallop, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the eighth regiment of militia witJiin this State, instead of 
Oliver Smith, Esq'', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Tyler, Esq', to be Major of the 
eighth regiment of militia in this State, instead of Nathan Gallop, 
Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Lieut.' Colonel John Mead to be Colonel 
of the ninth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Colo. 
Charles Webb in the continental army. 

This Assembly do appoint Maj' Stephen St. John jun' to be 
Lieutenant Colonel in the ninth regiment of militia in this State, 
in the room of Lieut. Colonel John Mead promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint John Davenport jun', Esq', to be Major 
in the ninth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Maj' 
Stephen St. John jr. promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Phineas Porter, Esq', to be Major of the 
tenth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Maj' Reuben 
Atwater resigned. 



Hosted by 



Google 



■*64 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

This Assembly do appoint Nehemiah Beardsley, Esq', to be 
LieutenaJit Colonel of the sixteenth regiment of militia in the State 
of Connecticut, in the room of Lieut. Colonel John Chandler, Esq'', 
promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Eli Maggot, Esq'', to be Major of the six- 
t«enth regiment of militia in the State of Connecticut, in the room of 
Maj' Nehemiah Beardsley, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Epaphras Sheldon, Esq', to be Colonel 
of the 17th regiment of militia in this State, in the room of the Hon"' '■ 
Olirer Wolcott, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Medad Hills, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 17th regiment of militia in this State, in the room of 
Epaphras Sheldon, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Adams, Esq'', to be Major 
of the 17th regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Medad 
Hills, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Weils the second, of Hart- 
ford,^ Esq', to be Lieutenant Colonel of the nineteenth regiment of 
militia in this State, in the room of Nathaniel Terry, Esq', promoted. 
This Assembly do appoint Lemuel Stoughton, Esq', to be Major of 
the nineteenth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Major 
Jonathan Wells promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Abbott, Esq', to be Colonel 
of the twentieth regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Colo. 
Jedidiah Huntington promoted to be a brigadier in the continental 
army. 

This Assembly do appoint Zabdiel Rogers, Esq', to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 20th regiment of militia, in the room of Lieut. Colonel 
Samuel Abbott promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Capt. Joshua Huntington to be Major 
of the 20th regiment of militia, in the room of Maj' Zabdiel Rogers 
promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Lieut. Colo. Obadiah Johnson to be 
C«lonel of the twenty-first regiment of militia in this State, in the 
room of Colo. John Douglas promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Maj' James Gordon to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 21st regiment of militia in this State, in the room 
of Lieut. Colonel Obadiah Johnson promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Capt. Andrew Backus to be Major of the 
21st regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Maj' James 
Gordon promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Lt. Colo. Nathan Denison, Esq', to 
be Colonel of the 24th regiment of foot in this State, in the place 
of Colo. Zebulon Butler, Esq', now in service in the continental army. 
This Assembly do appoint Capt. Lazarus Stewart to be Lieutenant 
Colonel of the 24th regiment of foot in this State, in the place of 
Colo. Nathan Denison advanced. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 265 

This ABsembly do appoint Lieut. George Dorrance to be Major of 
the 24th regiment of foot in this State, in the place of Maj' William 
Judd, Esq', now in the continental army. 

This Assembly do appoint Lieut. Colo. Dyar Throop, Esq'", to 
be Colonel of the 25th regiment of militia in this State, in the room 
of Colo. Henry Champion, Esq', resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Major Jabez Chapman, Esq', to be Lieu- 
tenant Colonel of the 25th regiment of militia in this State, in 
the room of Lieut. Colo. Dyar Thi'oop promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Elias Worthington, Esq', to be Major of 
the 25th regiment of militia in this State, in the room of Major Jabez 
Chapman, Esq', promoted. 

This Assembly do establish Augustus Fitch to be Quarter-Master 
of the third troop of horse in the fourth regiment of light-horse 
in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Agur Curtiss to be Captain of a. 
company of lighfc-horse in the fifth regiment of horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Martin to be Cornet of a troop 
of light-horse in the 5th regiment of horse in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Isaiah Gilbert to be Quarter Master of 
a troop of light-horse in the 5th regiment of horse in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Pomeroy to be Captain of the 
third company or trainband in the town of Suffield, in the first regi- 
ment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Granger to be Ensign of the 
third company or trainband in the town of SuflSeld, in the first 
regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jehiel Bryan to be Captain of the 
second company or trainband in the 2d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Clark to be Lieutenant of the 
second company or trainband in the second regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Fletcher Prudden to be Ensign of 
the 2d company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Selden to be Ensign of the 10th 
company or trainband in the third regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint David Nichols to be Captain of the 10th 
company or trainband in the fourth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Solomon Booth to be Lieutenant of the 
10th company or trainband in the fourth regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do appoint Ephraim Sterling to be Ensign of 
the loth company or trainband in the 4th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do appoint Peter Curtiss to be Captain of a com- 
pany or trainband in New Stratford in the 4th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint DavidWells to be Lieutenant of a com- 
pany or trainband in New Stratford in the 4th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Enoch Lewiss to be Ensign of a com- 
pany or trainband in New Stratford in the 4th regiment in this State- 



Hosted by 



Google 



266 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

This Assembly do appoint Seth Silliman to be Captain of the first 
company or trainband in the fourth regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Walceman to be Lieutenant of 
the first company or trainband in the 4th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Eleazer Osborn to be Ensign of tbe first 
company or trainband in the 4th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Hill to be Captain of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 4th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establisb Lewis Goodsell to be Lieutenant of 
the 8th company or trainband in the 4th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Banks to be Ensign of the 8th 
company or trainband in the 4th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Prince Aspenwall to be Ensign of the 
2d company or trainband in the 5th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Warner to be Lieutenant 
of the 5th company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Eaton to be Ensign of the fifth 
company or trainband in the 5th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliphas Hunt to be Ensign of the 
seventh company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Sumner to be Captain of the 
ninth company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Kendall to be Ensign of the 
ninth company or trainband in the 5th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Barrows to be Captain of the 
10th company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Whitmore to be Lieutenant of 
the loth company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Cornelius Storrs to be Ensign of the 
loth company or trainband in the 5th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Chaffee jun' to be JInsign of 
the 11th company or trainband in the 5th regiment in this State. 

This .Assembly do establish Dan Collins to be Lieutenant of the 
5th company or trainband in the 7th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Piatt to be Captain of the 8th 
company or trainband in the 7th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Dady to be Ensign of the 8th 
company or trainband in the 7th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Weed jun'' to be Lieutenant 
of the first company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Justus Weed to be Ensign of the first 
company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Silvanua Knapp to be Captain of the 
fifth company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Weed 3^ to be Lieutenant of 
the fifth company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Weed to be Ensign of the 5th 
company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777,] OP CONNECTICUT. 267 

This Assembly do establish John Carter to be Captain of the 
ninth company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Weed to be Ensign of the 
ninth company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Charles Smith to be Captain of the 
10"' company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benja, Brush to be Lieutenant of the 
lO"" company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan' Smith to be Ensign of the 10"* 
company or trainband in the ninth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Miles Hall to be Captain of the 5'" 
company or trainband in the tenth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Weld to be Captain of the first 
company or trainband in the 11"' regiment in this State. 

This" Assembly do establish Stephen Griggs to be Lieutenant of 
the first company or trainband in the 11"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Chandler to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the 11"' regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Morriss to be Captain of the 
10"' company or trainband in the 11'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Peabody to be Lieutenant of 
the 10'" company or trainband in the 11'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Edmund Chamberlain to be Ensign of 
the 10''' company or trainband in the 11* regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Abner Adams to be Captain of the 
third company or trainband in the 11"' regiment in this State. 

, This Assembly do establish John Kimball to be Lieutenant of the 
third company or trainband in the ll'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Pike to be Ensign of the third 
company or trainband in the ll'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simon Abel to be Ensign of the fifth 
company or trainband in the 12'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Perrand to be Captain of 
the seventh company or trainband in the 13'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Mosely to be Lieutenant of the 
7'" company or trainband in the 13"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Foot jun' to be Ensign of the 
7'" company or trainband in the 13'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noble Hine to be Captain of the 8"" 
company or trainband in the 13'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh Elisha Bostwick to be Lieutenant of 
the 8'" company or trainband in the 13'^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh John Murwin to be' Ensign of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 13'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Martin Curtiss to be Ensign of the 
ninth company or trainband in the 13'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gershom Hewett to be Lieutenant of 
the first company or trainband in the 14'" regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



268 PUBLIC RECORDS [May,. 

This Assembly do establish Epliraim Marrinir to be Captain of 
the 10th company or trainband in the 14th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Enoch Parsons to be Lieutenant of 
the 10th company or trainband in the 14ih regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Barns to be Lieutenant of 
the 7th company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Phelps to be Ensign of the 
7th company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Knowles Sears to be Captain of the 
eighth company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Gates to be Lieutenant of 
the 8th company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry Whitney to be Ensign of the 
8th company or trainband in the 16tli regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Peter Penfield to be Captain of the 
6th company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Beardsley to be Lieutenant of 
the 6th company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bille Trowbridge to be Ensign of the 
6th company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Olmsted to be Lieutenant of the 
2d company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Smith S** to be Ensign of the 2d 
company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Stone to be Ensign of the first 
company or trainband in the 17th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Wright to be Lieutenant of the 
third company or trainband in the 17th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Moses Wright to be Ensign of the 
third company or trainband in the 17th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Mathew Smith to be Captain of the 



6th company or trai 



inband in the 17th regiment in this State. 



This Assembly do establish Miles Norton to be Lieutenant of the 
6th company or trainband in the 17th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Norton to be Ensign of the 
6th company or trainband in the 17th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bryant Stoddard to be Captain of the 
seventh company or trainband in the 17th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Case to be Captain of the third 
compELny or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Farnham to be Lieutenant 
of the third company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Kellogg to be Captain of the 
fifth company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Goodwin to be Lieutenant of 
the fifth company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Kellogg to be Ensign of the- 
fifth company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 269 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Bidweil to be Captain of the 
7'" company or trainband in the 18"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do eatabliah Ebenezer Goodwin to be Lieutenant of 
the 7th company or trainband in the 18'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Doolittie to be Ensign of the 
7"' company or trainband in the 18"' regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Eliphalet Curtiss to be Captain of the 
8"' company or trainband in the IS'^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Case to be Lieutenant of the 
-8"' company or trainband in the 18'*' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Moses to be Ensign of the 8"' 
■company or trainband in the 18'" regiment in this Slate. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Rockwell to be Captain of the 
16"' company or trainband in the 18'" regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Pelatiah Mills to be Lieutenant of the 
16"' company or trainband in the 18"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Carew to be Captain of the 
first company or trainband in the 20"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simeon Huntington to be Lieutenant 
of the first company or trainband in the 20'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establiali William Pride to be Ensign of the 
fifth company or trainband in the 20'" regiment in this Stat*. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Clark to be Captain of the first 
company or trainband in the 21*' regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Joshua Bottom to be Lieutenant of the 
first company or trainband in the 21*' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Clark to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the 21" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Moses Campbell to be Captain of the 
third company or trainband in the 21" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Andrew Edmond to be Lieutenant of 
the third company or trainband in the 21"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Dow to be Ensign of the 3^ 
company or trainband in the 21" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Robins to be Captain of the 
7'" company or trainband in the 21" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Peleg Randell to be Lieutenant of the 
7"' company or trainband in the 21" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Wylie 3'' to be Ensign of the 
seventh company or trainband- in the 21" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Edgerton to be Ensign of the 
1*' company or trainband in the 22" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Day to be Captain of the 7'" 
company or trainband in the 22^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Jewit to be Lieutenant of the 
7'" company or trainband in the 22" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benoni Shepard to be Ensign of the 
7'" company or trainband in the 22" regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



270 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Porter to be Ensign of the 
7th company or trainband in the 28d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jeremiah Blanchard to be Captain of 
the fourth company or trainband in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Keyes to be Lieutenant of 
the 4th company or trainband in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Shays to be Ensign of the 
4th company or trainband in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asaph Whittlesey to be Captain of the 
3d company or trainband in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Gaylord to be Lieutenant of 
the 8d company or trainband in the 24th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish William White to be Ensign of the 3d 
company or trainband in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roswell Franklin to be Lieutenant of 
the fifth company or trainband in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Titus Hinman to be Ensign of the 5th 
company or trainband in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh David Brainard Spencer to be Lieuten- 
ant of the first company or trainband in the 25th regiment in this- 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Ackley jun"" to be Ensign of 
the first company or trainband in the 25th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Chapman to be Ensign of the 
8th company or trainband in the 25th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Enoch Brainard to he Ensign of the 
7th company or trainband in the 25th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zechariah Hungerford to be Captain 
of the 9th company or trainband in the 25th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Robert Hungerford 2'^ to be Lieuten- 
ant of the 9th company or trainband in the 25th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Willey to be Ensign of the 
9th company or trainband in the 25th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hemsted jun'' to be Captain of 
the first company or trainband in the 3d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Douglas to be Lieutenant of 
the first company or trainband in the 3d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Japhet Mason to be Ensign of the first 
company or trainband in the 8d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Howard to be Captain of the 
6th company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Terrill to be Captain of the 
7th company or trainband in the 12th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel White to be Lieutenant of the 
7th company or trainband in the 12th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliphalet Hendee to be Ensign of the 
7th company or trainband in the 12th regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.1 OP CONNECTICUT. 271 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Camp to be Ensign of ttie 
alarm list company in Sharon in the 14th regiment in thia State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Swift to be Captain of the 1st 
alarm list company in the 24th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish James Bedlock to be Lieutenant of the 
lat alarm list company in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lebbeus Tubbs to be Ensign of the 1st 
alarm list company in the 24fch regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish "William Hooker Smith to be Captain 
of the 2d alarm hst company in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Flavins Waterman to be Lieutenant of 
the 2d alarm list company in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Blackman to be Ensign of the- 
2d alarm list company in the 24th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Palmer to be Ensign of the 
second company or trainband in Stoningfcon in the 8th regiment in 
this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Babcock 2d to be Ensign of 
the third company or trainband in Stonington in the 8th reghnent in 
this State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Converse to be Captain of the- 
9th dompany or trainband in the 22d regiment in this State. 

Thia Assembly do establish Joseph Alden to be Lieutenant of the 
9th company or trainband in the 22d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Chapin jun'' to be Comet of the 
fifth troop of horse in the 4th regiment of light-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hope Lathrop to be Quarter Master of 
the 6tb troop of horse in the 4th regiment of light-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Griswold to be Cornet of the 
first troop of horse in the first regiment of light-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Marsh to be Quarter Master of 
the first troop of horse in the first regiment of light-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Raymond Sanford to be Lieutenant of 
the 16th company or trainband in the 2d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Kelcey to be Lieutenant of the 
12th company or trainband in the 7th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Blias Sterns to be Ensign of the 6th 
company or trainband in the 11th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Payne Converse jun' to be Captain of 
the 7th company or trainband in the 11th re^ment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Nichols jun' to be Lieutenant of 
the seventh company or trainband in the 11th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Dresser jun"^ to be Ensign of the 
seventh company or trainband in the 11th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Dauchee to be Lieutenant of 
the 3d company or trainband in the 14th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Luke Camp to be Ensign of the third 
company or trainband in the 14th regiment in this State. 



Hosted by. 



Google 



212 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

Thi8 Assembly do establish Giles Mei^ to be Lieutenant of the 
first company or trainband in the 23d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lamberton Cooper to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the 23d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Clark to be Captain of the 
5th company or trainband in the 23d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Wetmore to be Lieutenant of 
the fifth company or trainband in the 28d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Israel Jones to be Captain of the 13th 
company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Case to be Lieutenant of the 
13th company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lemuel Kingsbury to be Lieutenant of 
a troop of horse in the fifth regiment of light-horse in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Jonas Lawrence to be Cornet of a 
troop of horse in ttie 5th regiment of light-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Lee to be Quarter Master of a 
troop of horse in the 5th regiment of light-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Barnabas Hinsdale to be Lieutenant 
of the second company or trainband in the town of Hartford in the 
1st regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zebulon Seymour to be Ensign of the 
2d company or trainband in the town of Hartford in the 1st regiment 
in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Webb to be Lieutenant of the 
first company or trainband in the 6th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Absalom WilHams to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the 6th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Gilbert to be Captain of the 
7th company or trainband in the 9th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Caleb Hall to be Captain of the first 
company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Andruss to be Lieutenant of 
of the 1st company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish John Dudley to be Ensign of the first 
company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Stanley to be Captain of the 2d 
company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Caleb Cook to be Lieutenant of the 
second company of the alarm list in the lOth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Curlier to be Ensign of the 
second company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Charles Norton to be Captain of tlie 
third company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Fowler to be Lieutenant of the 
third company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 278 

This Aasemblj do establish Joseph Smith to be Ensign of thethird 
company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Oollina to be Captain of the fifth 
company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Hough to be Lieutenant of the 
fifth company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do esEablish Brinton Hall to be Ensign of the fifth 
company of the alarm list in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Thrall to be Lieutenant of 
the third company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Booth to be Ensign of the 
third company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Barber to be Lieutenant of the 
11th company or trainband in the 19th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Bissell to be Ensign of the 
4th company or trainband in the 19th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Todd jun' to be Ensign of the 
12th company or trainband in the 2d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Allen jun' to be Ensign of the 
10th company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Seely to be Lieutenant of the 
third company or trainband in the 4th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Lacey to be Ensign of the third 
company or trainband in the fourth regiment in this Stote. 

This Assembly do establish William Clark to be Lieutenant of the 
6th company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonah Ne^^ton to be Ensign of the 6th 
company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Uriah Raymoad to be Captain of the 
fourth company or trainband in the 9th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Crowley to be Ensign of the 4th 
company or trainband in the 9th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Seymour to be Captain of the 
alarm list company in Northbury parish in the 10th regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Sanford to be Lieutenant of the 
alarm list company in Northbury parish in the 10th regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Parker to be Ensign of the 
alarm list company in Northbury parish in the 10th regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Terrill to be Captain of the 
alarm list company in Salem parish in the 10th regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Hopkins jun' to be Lieuten- 
ant of the alarm list company in Salem parish in the 10th regiment in 
this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



274 PUBLIC RECOHDS [May^ 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Hine to he Ensign of the 
alarm list company in Salem parish in the 10th regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Bunnell to be Captain of 
the alarm list north company in the parish of New Cheshire in the 
10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel M8ss to be Lieutenant of 
the alarm list north company in the parish of New Cheshire in the 
10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Benham to be Ensign of the 
alarm list north company in the parish of New Cheshire in the 10th 
regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ambrose Hine to be Captain of the 
alarm list south company in the parish of Sew Cheshire in the 10th 
regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Hitchcock to be Lieutenant of 
the alarm list south company in the parish of New Cheshire in the 10th 
regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amasa Hitchcock to be Ensign of the 
alarm list south company in the parish of New Cheshire in the 10th 
regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Smith to be Captain of the 
second company of the alarm list in the ISth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Towsey to be Lieutenant of 
the 2d company of the alarm list in the 13th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Shadrach Osborn to be Ensign of the 
2d company of the alarm list in the 13th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Mitchell to be Ensign of the 
first company or trainband in the 13th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Elmore to be Lieutenant of the 
9th company or trainband in the Kith regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah "Wood to be Ensign of the first 
company or trainband in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph King to be Ensign of the com- 
pany of light infantry in the 28d regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Bull to be Captain of a mili- 
tary company constituted in October, 1771, and named the Governor's 
Guard. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Hazzen to be Lieutenant of the 
7th company of the alarm list in the 13th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Calhoun to be Ensign of the 7 th 
company of the alarm list in the ISth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lemuel Bates to be Ensign of the 2d 
company of the alarm list in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Adonijah Burr to be Captain of the 
14th company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliezer Cotton to be Lieutenant of the 
14th company or trainband in the 18th regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



,1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 275 

This Assembly do establish Comfort Hoyt to be Captain of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the first company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lemuel Benedict to be Lieutenant of 
the alarm list company within the limits of the first company or train- 
band in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Wildman to be Ensign of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the first company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Hine to be Captain of the alarm 
list company within the limits of the 2d company or trainband in the 
16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Hoyt to be Lieutenant of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 2d company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Scott to be Ensign of the alarm 
list company within the limits of the 2d company or trainband in the 
16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Boughton to be Lieutenant of 
the alarm list company within the limits of the 4th company or train- 
band in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Barnum to be Ensign of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 4th company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonah Poster to be Captain of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 8th company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaiah Burchard to be Lieutenant of 
the alarm list company within the limits of the 8th company or train- 
band in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Cooley to be Ensign of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 8th company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Starr to be Captain of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 9th company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Benedict to be Lieutenant of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 9th company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Trowbridge to be Ensign of 
the alarm list company within the limits of the 9th company or train- 
band in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Smith jun'' to be Captain of 
the alarm list company within the limits of the 10th company or train- 
hand in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Ruggles to be Lieutenant of 
the alarm list company within the limits of the 10th company or train- 
band in the 16th regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



276 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

This Assembly do establish Martin Warner to be Ensign of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 10'" company or trainband 
in the le" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ezekiel Gary to be Ensign of the first 
company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Avery 2^ to he Lieutenant of the 
third company or trainband in the town of Groton in the 8"* regi- 
ment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Foator to be Ensign of the fifth 
company or trainband in the 21" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nehemiah Tinker to be Captain of the 
first company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establisli William Young to be Lieutenant of 
the first company or trainband in the fifth regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jeremiah Ripley to be Captain of the 
4"! company or trainband in the S'* regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Root to be Lieutenant of the 
4*'' company or trainband in the 5^^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hale to be Ensign of the 4"' 
company or trainband in the Stt regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hobby to be Captain of the 8"i 
company of the alarm list in the 9*^ regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Jehiel Mead to be Ensign of the 8^^ 
company of the alarm list in the 9''' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Roberts to be Lieutenant of 
the second company or trainband in the 19^*' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Williams to be Ensign of the 
second company or trainband in the 19"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jared Dudley to be Captain of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 9'->> company or trainband 
in the 1^^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hubbard to be Lieutenant of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 9''' company or trainband 
in the 1'^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jared Chittenden to be Ensign of 
the alarm list company within the limits of the 9'-^ company or train- 
band in the T-*' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Lockwood to be Captain of the 
fifth company of the alarm list in the 9'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim Lyon to be Lieutenant of the 
aecond company or trainband in the 21°' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Baldwin to be Ensign of the 2" 
company or trainband in the 21*' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Pardee to be Captain of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 6"' company or trainband 
in the 16"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Smith to be Lieutenant of the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 277 

alarm list company within the limits of the 6th company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Parack Hnbbell to be Ensign of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 6th company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Dan Towner to be Captain of the alarm 
list company within the limits of the 7th company or trainband in the 
16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zephaniah Briggs to be Lieutenant of 
the alarm list company within the limits of the 7th company or train- 
band in the 16th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Giddings to be Ensign of the 
alarm list company within the limits of the 7th company or trainband 
in the 16th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Silliman to be Comet of 
the third troop of horse in the third regiment of light-horse in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Deodate Silliman to be Quarter Master 
of the third" troop of horse in the 3d regiment of light-horse in this 
State, 

This Assembly do establish Bethuel Treat to be Captain of the 11th 
company of the alarm list in the 13th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Hinman to be Lieutenant of the 
11th company of the alarm list in the 13th regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Moses Down to be Ensign of the 11th 
company of the alarm list in the 13th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Pitkin to be Captain of the 9th 
company or trainband in the 19tb regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Olcott to be Lieutenant of the 
9th company or trainband in the 19th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simon Gains to be Ensign of the 9th 
company or trainband in the 19th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Brownson to be Captain of the 
second company or trainband in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Porter jun'' to be Ensign of the 
second company or trainband in the 10th regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Alexander King to be Lieutenant of 
the alarm list company in the old society in Suffield in the 1st regi- 
ment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Pease to be Ensign of the 
alarm list company in the old society in the town of Suffield in the 
first regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do, establish John Cook to be Lieutenant of the 
alarm list company in the north society in the town of Hartford in 
the first regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Sabin jun'tobeCaptainof the 
second company of the Governor's Guards in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



278 PDBLic BEC0R03 [May, 

This ABserably do establish James Ilillhouse to be Lieutenant of 
the second compauy of the Governor's Guards in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Major Lines to be Ensign of the second 
company of the Governor's Guards in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez West to be Cornet of a troop of 
horse in the second regiment of lightr-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Frisby to be Lieutenant of the 
6'" company or trainband in the IS"! regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Beach to be Ensign of the fifth 
company or trainband in the IS"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simeon Lay to be Captain of the lO"! 
company or trainband in the 7''' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Lay to he Lieutenant of the 
10"" company or trainband in the T"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lebbeus Chapman to he Ensign of the 
lO'ii company or trainband in the 7*'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Fancher to be Ensign of the 
n^*' company or trainband in the 10"* regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abiez«- Smith to be Ensign of the 9'i' 
company or trainband in the 20'-^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jedidiah Bueil jun' to be Lieutenant 
of the 4"i company or trainband in the 7"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Boughton jun' to be Ensign 
of the 4*11 company or trainband in the I6111 regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benajah Strong to be Ensign of the 
12"' company or trainband in the 13*'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Comfort Titus to be Ensign of the 6"' 
company or trainband in the 21"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Enos Hawley to be Captain of the Sih 
company or trainband in the IS*'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Hubbard to be Ensign of the 
Otii company or trainband in the 6"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Humphry to be Ensign of the 
8" company or trainband in the IS"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Humphry jun' to be Ensign 
of the first company or trainband in the 18^^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Woodruff to be Lieutenant of 
the 7"' company or trainband in the IS"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Lewiss to be Ensign of the 
7"' company or trainband in the 15"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Allen to be Captain of the 
first company or trainband in the town of Windsor in the ]"' regiment 
in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Austin Phelps to be Lieutenant of 
the first company or trainband in the town of Windsor in the 1" 
regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joel Palmer to be Ensign of the first 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 279 

■company or trainband in the town of Windsor in the 1" regiment in 
this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Edgerton to be Lieutenant of 
the troop of horse in the 1^ regiment of light-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jamea Pettis to be Quarter Master 
of the troop of horse in the 2" regiment of light-horse in this 
State, 

This Assembly do establish Justus Buck to be Lieutenant of the 
13"' company of the alarm list in the 7'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Leet jun' to be Ensign of the 
13"' company of the alarm list in the 7"' regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Peter Buell jun' to be Lieutenant of the 
second company or trainband in the town of Litchfield. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Smith jun' to be Ensign of the 
second company or trainband in the town of Litchfield. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Lathrop to be Lieutenant of 
the third company or trainband in the S"" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Baker to be Ensign of the 
third company or trainband in the 5"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ezra Starr to be Captain of the 4"" 
troop of horse in the 3^ regimAit of light-horse in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Hickcox to be Lieutenant 
of the 4"' troop of horse in the third regiment of lightr-horse in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Silas Hull to be Cornet of the fourth 
troop of horse in the third regiment of light^horse in this State. 

This Aasemljly do establish William Forrester to be Quarter Master 
of the 4'" troop of horse in the third regiment of light-horse in this 
St-ate. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Babbit to be Ensign of the 
8"' company or trainband in the 23^ regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Waterhouse to be Captain of the 
5"' troop of horse in the first regiment of light-horae in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Arnold Hazleton to be Lieutenant of 
the 5'" troop of horse in the first regiment of light-horse in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Parmely to be Cornet of the 
5"' troop of horse in the first regiment of light-horse in this State, 

This Assembly do establish William Mitchell to be Quarter Master 
of the 5'" troop of horse in the first regiment of light-horse in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish James Barker jun' to be Captain of 
the third company or trainband in the 2'' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Willford to be Lieutenant of the 
third company or trainband in the second regiment in this State, 

This Assembly do establish Allen Smith to be Ensign of the third 
company or trainband in the second regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Melatiah Bingham to be Captain of the 
12"' company or trainband in the 5"' regiment in this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



280 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

Thia Assembly do establish Judah Back to be Lieutenant of the 
12"' company or trainband in the 5^" regiment in thia State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Walcott to be Ensign of the 12"' 
company or trainband in the 5''' regiment in thia State. 

This Assembly do establish Moses Forbs to be Captain of the 
e"' company or trainband in the 19"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Roberts to be Lieutenant of 
the 6'" company or trainband in the 19"' regiment in this State. 

Tbis Assembly do establish David Little to be Ensign of the 6*'' 
company or trainband in the 19"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benajah Holcomb to be Captain of the 
10'" company or trainband in the 18"' regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Hurlburt to be Ensign of the 
lO'" company or trainband in the 18'" regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jared Bradley to be Lieutenant of 
the 7'" company or trainband iri the 2'' regiment in this State. 

Upon the memorial of the listers of the town of Windsor for the 
year 1776, representing to this Assembly that by mere mistake in the 
return of the sum total of the lists of the polls and rateable estate of 
the inhabitants of the town of Windsor, returned to the General As- 
sembly in October last, they returned X170. 0. 8 more than the sum 
total of the lists of the polls and rateable estate of said inhabitants 
ought to have been : Whereupon, resolved by this Assembly, that the 
Treasurer of this State deduct out of the sum total of the said lists 
returned as aforesaid said sum of ^£170. 0. 8, and grant out his war- 
rants accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of John Chapman and Hezekiah Usher of East 
Hadam, shewing to this Assembly that they had, each of them, man- 
ufactured good saltpetre for the use of this State, viz: the said John 
one hundred and ninety-eight pounds and twelve ounces weight, and 
the said Hezekiah one hundred and twenty pounds weight, and that 
the same was delivered at the powder-mill in Windham for the use of 
the State before the fifteenth day of January last past, being manu- 
factured before the first day of said January, but that, through ignor- 
ance of the law in that case provided, the usual certificates of the 
selectmen was not obtained, and that the memorialists cannot obtain 
the premium and pay ; praying for relief Ac. as per memorial on file ; 
Resolved by this Assembly, that upon the memorialists producing to- 
the Committee of the Pay-Table in this State certificates that they 
and each of them took ttie oath provided by law for the makers of 
saltpetre before the said 15'" of January, and delivered the same salt- 
petre at any powder-mill in this State, for the use of said State, with 
the inspectors certificates that it was pure &c. fit for the manufacturing 
of good gun-powder, the said committee are hereby ordered to make 
their orders on the Treasurer of this State in favour of said memorial- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 281 

istB for the same premium and pay for said saltpetre as they might 
have had by law in case the selectmens certificate had been obtained 
before Said 15th day of January. ^ 

On the memorial of Jabez Ferrias, of Greenwich in Fairfield county,, 
administrator on the estate of Josiah Reynolds late of aaid Greenwich 
deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the debts due from the estate- 
of said deceas'd and allowed by the court of probate for the district of 
Stamford amount to ^£6. 1. 9, lawful money, and that there is no per- 
sonal estate to satisfy said debte ; praying for liberty to sell so much 
of the real estate of said deceas'd as diall be sufficient to satisfy said 
debts and the charges of sale, as per memorial dated May 5th, 1777: 
Resolved by this Assembly, that ^e said Jabez Perriss have liberty, 
and liberty is hereby granted him, to sell so much of the real estate- 
of said deceas'd as shall be suflScient to satisfy said sum of ^£6 Is. 9d. 
L. money, and the charges of sale ; taking directions of the court of 
probate for the district of Stamford therein. 



Upon the memorial of Jonathan Johnson, of Midletown, shewing 
to this Assembly'that in the last campaign he was a captain in Colo, 
Bradley's battalion and stationed at Fort Lee, and that the morning 
before said fort was attacked he had left in bis custody thirty-six 
pounds money belonging to this State, which he received to pay the 
bounty and advanced pay to the soldiers of his company, which said 
money was left with his baggage with two soldiers who were taken 
prisoners and since deceas'd, and that aaid sura is lost ; praying for 
relief, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
Cocunittee of Fay-Table be and they are hereby impowered and 
directed to pass said sum of thirty-six pounds to the credit of the 
memorialist's account with this State, and to allow him said sum 
accordingly. 

On the memorial of Elias Beckley, administrator on the estate of 
John Beckley late of Weathersfield deceas'd, informing this Assembly 
that on the second Thursday of October last he obtained liberty of the 
General Assembly of this State to sell of the real estate of the said 
deceased to enable him to pay the debta due from said estate to the 
amount of -£147, 16, 2i, L, money, together with incident charges 
arising on the sale <fec.; and the said memorialist further says, that 
pursuant to said grant from said Assembly he made sale of one 
piece of land called Belding Lot, for £118 11 0, being ^611 more 
than it was apprized at ; he also made sale at public vendue of 
one other piece of land in said Weathersfield containing five acres 
and seventy-three rods, which piece of land was apprized at X31 12 6, 
and sold for ,£68 7 6, the whole sum arising from the sale of both said 
pieces of land being ^186 18 6, the charges of sale were £2 9 0, and 
that there remains in the memorialist's hands a ballance due to the 



Hosted by 



Google 



282 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

estate of said deceas'd of ^37 3 3 ; and the memorialist further informs 
that the last mentioned piece of land is so situated that he could not sell 
part of said piece of laq^ for more thaji one half of the value thereof, 
lie supposing the whole of said piece of land was not more than 
sufficient to answer the aforesaid grant of said Assembly and incident 
charges -fee; and the memorialist further informs that the additional 
delits and charges against the estate of said deceas'd allowed by the 
judge of the court of probate for the district of Hartford amount to 
the sum of £1Q 13 2, lawfull money ; praying that the said sum of 
£1() 13 2 may be satisfyed from the said ballance of ^637 3 3 due 
to the estate of said deceas'd from sale of said lands, and that the 
sale of said five acres and 73 rods of land aforesaid may be ratifyed 
and confirmed, and that the remainder of said money, being £-20 10 
1, L. money, may be divided among the heirs of said deceas'd, aa per 
memorial &c.: Resolved by this Assembly, that the said administrator 
have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby granted to him, to 
pay said sum of £16 IS 2, L. money, out of the said sum of £Z7 Ss. 
Zd., and the remaining £20 10 1 distribute among the heirs of said 
deceas'd; talcing the direction of the court of probate for the distinct 
of Hartford therein. And this Assembly do further order tliat the 
sale of said five acres and 73 rods of land be ratifyed and confirmed, 
and tlie same is hereby ratifyed and confirmed. 

On the memorial of Anne Burr of Farndngton, administratrix on 
the estate of Amos Burr late of said Farmington deceas'd, shewing 
that the debts and charges due from and arising upon said estate 
together with allowance of necessaries made to the widow of said 
deceas'd surmount the moveable inventoried part, of said estate the 
sum of £40 8 11, lawfull money, and praying for liberty to sell so 
much of the real estate of said deceas'd as shall be sufficient to raise 
the aforesaid sum of £40 8 11, with incidental charges arising on 
said sale, as per memorial on file: Resolved Viy this Assembly, that 
liberty and authority be and the same is hereby granted unto the said 
Anne Burr, to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd as is suffi- 
cient to raise the aforesaid sum of £40 8 11, L. money, together with 
incidental charges arising on said sale ; taking tlie advice of the court 
of probate for the district of Farmington therein. 

Upon the memorial of Ann Clapp of Hartford, administratrix on 
the estate of Elijah Clapp late of said Hartford deceas'd, shewing to 
this Assembly that her late husband, the said Elijah, while living 
brought his petition shewing that he had heretofore mortgaged his 
farm to Mr. Joshua Chandler of New Haven, that he did not pay the 
money by the time set, and that said Chandler had wrongfully pro- 
cured a bill in form to be pass'd in his absence foreclosing the equity 
of redemption and had procured and was about to levy an execution 
for the purpose of taking away the possession of his farm, praying for 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 283 

the restoration of said farm upon his paying the mortgage money &c., 
which petition is yet depending before this Assembly ; praying that 
she might be admitted to appear and prosecute said petition and that 
the same may be continued, and that said esecution &c. be stayed, as 
per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorial- 
ist have liberty and the same is hereby granted her, to appear and 
prosecute said petition, and that the same be and is hereby continued 
to the session of this Assembly in October next, and the said execu- 
tion and all proceedings thereon be and the same is hereby ordered to 
be stayed and suspended untill the rising of this Assembly in October 
next, 

Upon the memorial of David Osborn, of New Haven in the county 
of New Haven, representing to this Assembly that on the 8th day of 
April last John Wise of said New Haven, a constable of said town, by 
virtue of a legal warrant did impress a mare from the memorialist for 
the use of John Morly Green, an express on public business from his 
Excellency General Washington to Providence, and that said Wise 
did deliver said mare to said Green in obedience to said warrant, 
which mare said Green was to return per post or deliver to General 
Spencer for the use of the continent, and that said Green never hath 
returned said mare ; praying this Assembly to order him payment for 
her : Resolved by this Assembly, that the Committee of Pay-Table 
examine into and adjust the value of said mare and draw an order on 
the Treasurer of this State in favour of said memorialist for such sum 
as they may find reasonably and justly due to the memorialist for said 



On the memorial of the selectmen of the town of Danbury, repre- 
senting to this Assembly that the British troops in their late hostile 
incursion into said town did, under a pretence of destroying public 
stores, consume with fire about twenty dwelling houses with a number 
of stores, barns and other buildings, and that the said enemy on their 
retreat collected and drove off all the stock of cattle, horses and sheep 
that could be found, and that said destruction hath reduced many of 
the wealthy inhabitants of said town to poverty and want ; praying 
that a committee may be appointed to enquire into and estimate the 
losses of every individual in said town occasioned as aforesaid and 
report the same that such further measures may be taken thereon as 
shall be fit and proper, and also compassionate the case of those of 
.said indiriduals who cannot subsist without, so as to afford some relief, 
as per memorial dated May S"', 1777 ; 

Renolved by this Atsembly, That Mr, Daniel Sherman, Colo, 
Nehemiah Eeardsley, Capt, Increase Mosely and Mr. Lemuel Sanford, 
or any three of them, be and they are hereby appointed a committee 
to estimate the losses of every individual in said town of Danbury in 
consequence of the late hostile incursion of the British troops into 



Hosted by 



Google 



284 PUBLIC RECORDS [May^ 

said Danbury, and report make to this or some future Assembly, so 
that the real loss the unhappy sufferers have sustained by the desola- 
tions and ravages of our merciless enemies may thereby be clearly 
known, and such representation made thereof and attention given to 
the condition of the unfortunate as any future Assembly may think 
proper.* 

And it is further resolved by tM» Asiembly, That the Pay-Table draw 
an order on the Treasurer in favour of the selectmen of the town of 
Danbury for the sum of five hundred pounds, L. money, to be em- 
ployed by said selectmen in relieving the distresses of such persona 
who were sufferers in Danbury as aforesaid who cannot subsist with- 
out such relief, and render account of the same when called thereto. 

On the memorial of Hannah Barker, innholder in Lebanon in the 
county of Windham, shewing that on the alarm which happened in 
September, 1774, relating to the town of Bostons being attacked by 
the British troops, large numbers of militia men from East Haddam 
and Colchester going to their relief called upon and were supplyed by 
her with refreshments to the value of -£4 t> 4, which they thought 
themselves not obliged to pay for and which she is not able to lose; 
praying for relief &,a. as per memorial on file: Resolved by this 
Assembly, that the Treasurer pay out of the public treasury to said 
memorialist the smn of ^£4 6 4, as a compensation for the articles- 
supplied the militia men going for the relief of Boston as set forth in 
said memorial, in consideration of her needy circumstances ; and thnt 
the same be not drawn into precedent in future. 

Upon the memorial of Lieut. Colonel Stephen Moulton, represent- 
ing to thjs Assembly that in September last he was taken a prisoner 
in the retreat from New York and detained as such untill some time 
in January last, that in order to support himself while a prisoner in 
New York he was necessitated to borrow some hard money of Major 
Wells, who is still a prisoner in New York, and now calls on Uie 
memorialist to repay him in hard money the sum so as aforesaid bor- 
rowed from him ; praying this Assembly that orders may be given 
upon the Treasurer of this State to pay him said sum in hard money : 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the Treasurer of this State do procure 
and he is hereby directed to procure the sum of fifteen pounds in 
hard money, and that the same be paid to the memorialist by order 
from the Pay-Table in part of the wages due to the memorialist while 
in a state of captivity ; and that to enable said Treasurer to procure 
said sum he be authorized to borrow the same on interest, giving his 
note therefor as Treasurer. 

Upon the petition of Samuel Abbott, of Lebanon in the county of 
Windham, shewing to this Assembly that on the 13'" day of May, 

* Their report is in Rev, War, viii, 383. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 285 

1775, be voluntarily inlisted a soldier in a company commanded by 
■Capt. James Clark in a regiment called General Putnam's regiment, 
raised by tbe State of Connecticut for tbe defence of the same during 
the pleasure [of the] General Assembly, not exceeding seven months, 
and that soon after the inlistment of said petitioner he marched to 
the camp at Cambridge in the State of Massachusets Bay and did join 
•aaid regiment, and did there continue to do duty as a faithfull and 
vigilant soldier untill the first day of December next following, when 
aaid petitioner under a mistaken notion of his time being out left the 
camp without leave and returned home, and by means of said peti- 
tioner's imprudent conduct he hath been rendered incapable of receiv- 
ing any part of his billeting, marching money, or wages that was then 
■due ; praying that this Assembly would take into their wise consider- 
ation the case of said petitioner and grant that he be entituled to 
receive the whole arrears of his wages &c., as per petition on file: 
Whereupon it is granted by this Assembly, that said petitioner be 
€ntituled to receive the whole of his wages &c. which shall be found 
justly due, and the Committee of Pay-Table are hereby ordered to 
adjust the same and draw an order on the Treasurer for the same 
accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of Samuel Parker, of Wallingford in the 
county of New Haven, administrator on the estate of James Parker, 
late of aaid Wallingford deceaa'd, shewing to this Assembly that the 
debts due from said estate surmount the inventoried moveable estate 
of said deceas'd the sum of ^8 19 3, and that he hath no assets to 
satisfy said debts ; praying this AsBembly to authorize him or some 
other person, to make sale of bo much of the said deceaa'd's real estate 
as will be sufficient to satisfy said debts and the charges attending the 
sale of said estate : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist 
have liberty and he is hereby authorized, to make sale of so much of 
said deceas'd's real estate as will be sulEcient to satisfy said debts 
and the charges attending the sale of said estate ; taking the directions 
of the court of probate for the district of Wallingford in the premiaes. 

Upon the memorial of Jedidiah Strong, one of the selectmen of 
Litchfield, shewing to this Assembly that by mistake the grand list 
of said Litchfield in October, 1775, was returned ^1192 too high ; 
praying for abatement &,c. as per memorial on file: Heaolved by this 
Assembly, that the Treasurer of this State be impowered and he is 
hereby impowered and directed, to abate to said town of Litchfield the 
tax arising on said sum of ^£1192, on each respective tax granted or 
to be granted by the General Assembly on said list of 1775, taking 
care that the aehool money paid thereon be reducted out of the sum 
to be paid out on the next list. 

Upon the memorial of Joseph Trowbridge, Thomas Trowbridge, 
Rutherford Trowbridge, Daniel Trowbridge, and William Sherman, 



Hosted by 



Google 



286 PUBLIC RECORDS [.May, 

all of New Haven, shewing to this Assembly that Viefore the 10"" day 
of March last they have niannfactured 502 bushells of good salt in the 
town of New Haven; praying that they may receive the premium, as 
per memorial on. file: Resolved hy this Assembly, that the memorial- 
ists receive out of the public treasury the sum of one hundred pounds, 
L. money; and the Treasurer is hereby directed to pay the same 
accordingly. 

Upon the memoi'ial of Phineas Walker &c., listers of the town of 
Woodstock, shewing to this Assembly that the additions of the list of 
said town made up and sent in to this Assembly in May, 1776, was by 
a mistake in the cast seventy pounds larger than it ought to be ; pray- 
ing the same may be abated : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
said list be and is hereby abated the sum of X70 0, and that the 
Treasurer of this State is to conform himself thereto in sending out 
his warrants for collecting rates or taxes thereon, 

On the memorial of Aaron Ives of Wallingford, shewing to this 
Assembly that at the late alann at Danbury he turned out as a volun- 
teer and went to Compo and was in the engagement at Compo Hill 
and there received a wound in his leg, which prevented him taking 
proper care of his horse and necessary baggage, and when he was 
helped off from the field of battle hia horse was missing and also his 
saddle, bridle, great-coat, blanket, and a bag with three days pro- 
visions, and was by said wound detained six days before he came 
home, and that he has since found his horse but has not been able to 
find any other of the articles lost; praying for relief &c. as per memo- 
rial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the Committee of Pay- 
Table receive and adjust the account for losses referred to in said 
memorial and draw on the Treasurer for what they find justly due. 

Upon the memorial of James Wowes and others of the Tunxis tribe 
of Indians, shewing that they are possessed of a common and undivided 
interest in certain lands lying in Fannington, that it is necessary 
for various purposes specifyed in said memorial that said lands, or 
part thereof, should be sold as occasion should require, and that the 
sale and improvement of said lands is greatly impeded by their being 
in an undivided state and an interest in common among the proprie- 
tors, as per memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that Capt. 
John Porter and Messrs. Hezekiah Wadsworth and Solomon Whitman 
juuS be and they are hereby appointed a committee in pursuance of 
said memorial, to make a just and equitable division and distribution 
of all the lands lying in said town in which said tribe have an interest 
in common, having respect to expences paid by individuals which 
ought to have been defrayed by the tribe at large, to each proprietor 
in said tribe, and to make their report to this or some future 
Assembly. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 287 

On the memorial of Hannah Penfield of Wallingford and Isaac 
Penfield of Hartland, executors of the last will and testament of 
Nathaniel Penfield late of said Wallingford deceaa'd, representing to 
this Assembly that the debts and charges exhibited against said. 
Nathaniel's estate surmount his whole inventoried estate the sum of 
£in 17 5, L. money, and that they have no assets in their hands to 
pay said sum or any part thereof ; praying liberty to sell so much of the 
said Nathaniel's real estate as will be sufficient to pay said sum and 
the incident charges attending said sale &e. : Resolved by this Assem- 
bly, that said executors be and they are hereby impowered, to sell and 
dispose of so much of the said deceas'd Nathaniel's real estate as will 
be sufficient to pay said sum and the incident charges attending such 
sale; taking the direction of the court of probate for the district of , 
New Haven in the premises. 

Upon the memorial of Freeman Judd, Thomas Marchant andi 
Joseph Lewiss, all of Waterbury, shewing to this Assembly that in. 
the year 1775 they inlisted into the service of this State under the 
command of Capt. Caleb Trowbridge of New Haven, that said Trow- 
bridge has drew and received the whole of their wages due to them 
severally for public service and has paid but part thereof to each of 
the memorialists ; praying for relief as per memorial on file : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that the Committee of Pay-Table be and they are 
hereby directed to examine and adjust the wages and allowances of 
each of the memorialists and draw orders on the Treasurer for what 
they shall find due to each of them: Provided they, the memorialists,. 
shall become bound with sureties to repay such sums as they shall 
receive, or parts thereof, as may afterwards appear to have been paid 
by said Capt. Trowbridge. 

Upon the memorial of Mary Kimberly, of Glastonbury in Hartford 
county, sole administratrix to the estate of John Kimberly, Esq'', late- 
of said Glastonbury deceas'd, shewing that the debts doe from the 
estate of said deceas'd surmount the value of his personal estate^ 
necessary utensils of housekeeping excepted, and also the sum allowed 
by the General Assembly of this State in their sessions at New Haven 
on the second Thursday of October, 1775, to be raised by the sale of 
the real estate of said deceas'd, the sum of ^253 16 1, lawful money 
&c., and praying for liberty to sell so much more of the real estate of 
said deceas'd as will pay and satisfy the said additional sum of £25Z 
16 1, iawfull money &c.: Resolved by this Assembly, that the memo- 
rialist have liberty and authority is hereby granted her, to make sale 
of so much of the real estate of said deceas'd as will pay and satisfy 
the aforesaid sum of ^£253 16 1, L. money, with incident charges 
arising on such sale; taking directions of the court of probate in the 
district of Hartford therein. 



Hosted by 



Google 



288 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

Upon the memorial of Judah Learning and David Learning, both 
■of Earmington in the county of Hartford, shewing that by order of 
the civil authority, selectmen and committee of inspection for said 
town they were committed to the common goal in the county of Hart> 
ford for words and conduct inimical to the United States, which they 
imprudently uttered and were guilty of, being induced thereto by sup- 
posed injurious treatment they have met with by losses in cloathing 
and wages which have never been indemnifyed though they have 
made assiduous applications therefor ; that in their cool and deliberate 
moments they feel the highest regard for their country and the liber- 
ties of the same and in their turn will, as they have done, stand in its 
defence ; and praying that an enquiry might be made into the circum- 
, stances of their case and that equity and justice might be done, as per 
memorial on file ; and upon the report of the committee appointed by 
this Assembly to make enquiry into the premises, shewing and report 
ing that they caused due notice to be given to Solomon Whitman, Esq', 
Timothy Root, selectmen, and Ebenezer Hamlin and Simeon Hart, 
committee of inspection for said town, to appear on the 16'* day of 
instant May at the house of Mr, David Bull in Hartford, to produce 
their allegations against the said Judah and David ; that on examina- 
tion of said persons at the time and place appointed no one appeared 
on the part of said authority &c. of Fannington; that they found the 
material facts set forth in the memorial as above recited to be true ; 
that the said Judah and David appeared very penitent and were sorry 
for their unworthy behaviour and professed tiieir willingness to defend 
their country with their lives and fortunes ; and that in the opinion 
of the committee it was advisable to, release them from their said 
imprisonment: Whereupon, resolved by this Assembly, that the said 
Judah Learning, and David Leaming, on their paying or giving suffi- 
cient security for the payment of the costs that have arisen on their 
tryal, commitment and detention in prison, to be liberated from their 
said imprisonment ; and the keeper of the goal in Hartford is hereby 
ordered and directed to release said memorialists from their said 
imprisonment on the aforesaid condition accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of Ebenezer Story of Norwich, shewing to this 
Assembly that there is need of an house of entertainment where he 
lives by the continental ship-yard in that town ; praying for liberty to 
open and keep a tavern there &c. : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
the said Ebenezer Story hath liberty to keep a tavern or house of enter- 
tainment at the place aforesaid the' year ensuing, upon his giving bond 
to the treasurer of the county of New London to keep and observe the 
laws regulating taverns or houses of entertainment. 

Upon the memorial of Zephaniah Whipple of Norwich, shewing 
to this Assembly that he was in the service last year and by mistake 
"was put under guard and his gun taken from him, of the price of ^2 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 289 

10 0, which by that means was lost &c, ; praying to be allowed for 
the same, Ac. ; Resolved by this Assembly, that the Committee of 
Pay-Table be and they are hereby directed to draw on the Treasurer 
for said sum of ^2 10 0, in favour of the memorialist, for the loss of 
hia said gun. 

On the memorial of Timothy Bishop of Guilford, humbly shewing 
to this Assembly that the wife of said Timothy Bishop was employed 
by the selectmen of the town of Durham in January last, to nurse and 
tend two of the prisoners from New York sick with the small-pox in 
said town; that after the recovery of said prisoners, his said wife in 
cleansing in a very cold season was taken sick with a severe fever 
which prevented her returning home for the space of three weeks, 
which cost the memorialist for boarding, tending, nursing, doctoring 
'i&c., tlie sum of £S 6 4; praying this Assembly to take his case into . 
-their consideration and order the Committee of the Pay-Table to 
examine and adjust said account of the charges and sickness, and 
order them to draw on the Treasurer for such sum as they shall find 
just and reasonable, as per memorial on file ; Resolved by this Assem- 
bly, that the Committee of Pay-Table do examine said account and 
draw on the treasury for such sum as shall appear just and reasonable. 

Upon the memorial of Israel Dodge, Thomas Mason, George 
Dodge and George Williams, of Salem in the county of Essex in the 
ytate of the Massachusets Bay, shewing to this Assembly that they 
recovered a judgment of the county court in the county of New Lon- 
don in February last against Hannah Winslow, John Goldthwait, 
John Winslow jun' and Isaac Winslow, of Boston in the county of 
Suffolk in said State, as they are administrators on the estate of 
-Joshua Winslowlate of Boston deceaa'd, for the sum of X134 11 7J 
4iebt, and .£2 13 6 cost, which with one shilling more for execution 
amounts to X137 6 1|; that the brig Aawc^ and her cargo brought 
into Norwich in the year 1775 belonged to said estate and is by order 
of the General Assembly taken for public use &c, ; and that the 
memorialists have in their favour a resolve of the General Assembly 
in June last and another in October, that so much of the net proceeds 
of said brig and cargo should be paid to said Dodge and company as 
they should recover on their suit aioresaid, and that there is no other 
■estate of said deceas'd in this State to satisfy said execution ; praying 
that said sum of ^6137 6 If may be paid to them out of the treasury 
of this State according to said resolve, as per memorial on file : 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the Treasurer of this State be and he 
is hereby ordered and directed, to pay to the said Dodge and company 
or their attorney tfec. the said sum of X137 6 If, L. money, taking a 
proper receipt for the same, in full satisfaction of said judgment and 
execution. 



Hosted by 



Google 



290 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

Upon the memorial of Joseph Hull and Philip Redfield, both of 
Killingworth, shewing that they marched with the militia iu Colo. 
Ward's regiment in February, 1776, as far as Stamford, to go to New 
York under the command of General Lee; that they were there 
ordered on board Capt. Selleck's privateer and served six weeks when 
they were discharged; that they expected their wages would have 
been paid them as the rest of said regiment was allowed and paid but 
were not ; praying for relief &c. : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
Committee of the Pay-Table do adjust the wages and other allowances 
due to the memorialists and draw orders therefor upon the Treasurer 
and charge the same to the account of the continent. 

Upon the memorial of Benajah McCall, of Hancock in the county 
of Berkshire in the State of Ma-asachusets Bay, now in the State of 
Connecticut, shewing to this Assembly that in the year 1768 he was- 
lawfully married to Abigail Comstock, of Lyme in New London county 
in this State, and that in the year 1772 by the death of Ichabod Com- 
stock of said Lyme, brother to your memorialists said wife Abigail, a 
small estate in land fell to said Abigail and to her brother Jesse Com- 
stock of said Lyme as joint owners of the same, as they were next and 
only heirs to their deceas'd brother Ichabod, of about 20 acres of land, 
and that in the year 1772, after the death of said Ichabod, the memo- 
rialist and his said wife Abigail voluntarily agreed with and sold to 
the said Jesse Comstock all the said land lying in said Lyme descend- 
ing to said Abigail in manner aforesaid, being about ten acres, and 
received the principal part of the pay therefor and security for the 
remainder, and that before the memorialist and his said wife Abigail 
had opportunity jointly to execute a deed of said land to said Jesse 
Comstock the memorialist's said wife died, by which providence he is 
now incapable of conveying the fee of said land to said Jesse Comstock ; 
praying this Assembly to impower him to make a deed of sale of said 
land so as to pass ttie fee thereof to said Jesse Comstock, as per 
memorial on file &c. : Eesolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist 
be impowered and he is hereby impowered, to make a deed of sale of 
said land passing the fee of the same to said Jesse Comstock. 

Upon the memorial of Huldah Porter and Moses Forbs, adminis- 
trators on the estate of Joseph Porter late of Hartford deceas'd, shew- 
ing that the debts and charges due from the estate of Joseph Porter 
late of Hartford deceas'd, with necessaries set to the widow, exceed 
the moveable estate ^146 8, L. money, and that they have no 
moveable estate to pay the same ; praying for liberty to sell real estate 
sufficient to pay said sum, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this- 
Assembly, that the memorialista have liberty and they are hereby im- 
powered to sell so much of said real estate as will procure said sum 
-of ^146 8, L. money, with incident charges arising thereon; tak- 
ing the direction of the court of probate in Hartford district therein. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 291 

Upon the memorial of the inhabitants living on the west tier of 
lots in the town of New Hartford, shewing to this Assembly that some 
years past the inhabitants living on said lots of land were set off and 
adjoined to the military companies or trainbands in Torringford 
society ; that they have faithfully attended their duty in said com- 
pany but at this day labour under many inconveniencies in the same, 
and therefore pray this Assembly they may return to military duty 
with the company in New Hartford : It is therefore resolved by this 
Assembly, that the inhabitants upon said west tier of lots in New 
Hartford be and they are hereby annexed to the companies in New 
Hartford : those belonging to the alarm list company to the alarm list 
in New Hartford, and those that belong to the militia company to the 
south company or trainband in said town of New Hartford. 

Upon the memorial of the first battalion of volunteers commanded 
by Colo. Noadiah Hooker, shewing that in December last upon the in- 
vitation of the General Assembly they engaged in the service for two 
months, equipt themselves with arms &c.; praying that some reason- 
able allowance may be made them as a premium &c., as per memorial 
on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the sum of twenty shillings 
be given to each non-commission officer and soldier that engaged for 
two months and faithfully served out the time in said battalion, and 
that the Committee of Pay-Table draw orders for the same accordingly. 

On the memorial of Hannah Emerson, administratrix on the estate 
of James Emerson late of Glastonbury deceas'd, for liberty and au- 
thority to sell of the real estate of the said deceas'd to the value oi£S& 
1 4^, L. money, and charges, as per memorial on file &c., to discharge 
the debts due from said estate: Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialist have liberty and authority, and it is hereby granted, that 
she sell of the real estate of the said deceas'd to the value of ^£36 1 
4^, L. money, to enable said administratrix to discharge said debts 
and charges, together with necessary charges arising on the sale 
thereof ; taking the direction of the court of probate in the district of 
Hartford in the sale of said estate. 

Upon the memorial of William Chamberlain, Thomas Kimberiy, 
Elijah Smith and Josiah Hale, listers of the town of Glastonbury for 
the year 1776, shewing to this Assembly that inany of the inhabitants 
of Glastonbury were in the service at New York in August and Sep- 
tember last, by means whereof their lists were not given in, and that 
said listers not having any rule to know their lists by did set the lists, 
of rateable estate of said inhabitants then absent too high, to the 
amount of ^6308 5 0, over and above the true sum ; praying that the 
same may be abated &c.; Resolved by this Assembly, that the sum of 
£308 5 be abated on the list of the town of Glastonbury as sent its 
for August, 1776 ; and the Treasurer is directed to conform himself to 



Hosted by 



Google 



292 PUBLIC BECOKDB [May, 

the same accordingly : the said town of Glastonbury repaying to the 
Treasurer the school money receiv'd by them on said surplus sum of 
£BOS 5 0. 

Upon the memorial of Charles Mather, of New Hartford in Litch- 
field county, administrator on the estate of Jonathan Kelcy jun% late 
of Farmington in said county, deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that 
the debts &c. due from said estate surmount the personal estate the 
sum of Xlll 6 6, L, money; praying for liberty to sell so much of 
the real estate of said deceas'd as to raise said sum Ac, as per 
memorial on file : Resolved hy this Assembly, that the memorialist 
be and he is hereby impowered to sell so much of the real estate of 
said deceas'd as to raise said sum of ^111 6, L. money, with inci- 
dent charges arising thereon ; taking the direction of the court of pro- 
bate for the district of Litchfield therein. 

Upon the memorial of Ruth Gibbs, of Litchfield in Litchfield 
county, administratrix on the estate of Eliakim Gibbs late of said 
Litchfield deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the debts &c. due 
from the estate of said deceas'd surmount the personal estate of said 
deceas'd the sum of £51 6 2, L. money ; praying for liberty to sell so 
much of the real estate of said deceas'd as to raise said sum of -£51 6 
2, as per memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialist be and she is hereby impowered to sell so much of the 
real estate of said deceas'd as to raise said sum with the incident 
charges arising thereon ; taking the direction of the court of probate 
for the district of Litchfield therein. 

Upon the memorial of Patience Baldwin, of Goshen in Litchfield 
county, administratrix on the estate of Asahel Baldwin of said Goshen, 
deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the debts due from said estate 
surmount the personal estate of said deceas'd the sum of £Z1 7 4, L. 
money, and that the real estate of said deceas'd is but very small, and 
so situated as that a part of the same cannot be disposed of without 
the whole, and praying for liberty to sell the whole of said real estate 
&c., as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialist be and she is hereby authorized and impowered to sell 
and dispose of the whole of the real estate of said deceas'd, under 
the direction of the court of probate for the district of Litchfield, 
and the overplus, if any, to be improved for the best advantage of 
the heirs. 

Upon the memorial of Samuel Holden Parsons, Esq', shewing to 
this Assembly that in April, 1775, the memorialist, together with Colo. 
Samuel Wyllys, Mr. Silas Dean and others, did undertake the sur- 
prizing and seizing the enemies post at Ticonderoga without the knowl- 
edge of the Assembly, and for that purpose did take a quantity of 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 293 

money frooi the treasury, for which they gave their promissory 
receipts, and that the whole of said moneys were expended in said 
service; praying that said receipts may be cancelled or given up, as 
per memorial on file : E«3olved by this Assembly, that said receipts 
given as aforesaid be delivered up to the memorialists or some of the 
persons who executed them, to be cancelled, upon their exhibiting and 
lodging with the Committee of Pay-Table the accounts and vouchers 
of their disposition and expenditure of the sums contained in said 
receipts, which are as follows, viz : One receipt dated IS'" May, 1775, 
for ^10 0, signed Samuel Bishop, jun', William Williams and 
Samuel H, Parsons; one receipt dated 28"" April, 1775, for ^£200, 
signed Thomas Mumford, Samuel H, Parsons, Silas Dean and Samuel 
Wyllys; one receipt dated same 28*'' of April, 1775, for ^100 0, 
signed Thomas Mumford, Adani Babcock, Samuel H. Parsons and 
Silas Dean ; and also one other receipt dated May 17"', 1776, for ^500 
0, signed Joshua Porter, Thomas Mumford, Jesse Boot, Ezekiel 
Williams, Samuel Wyllys and Charles Webb. And it is further 
resolved, that the Committee of Pay-Table upon receiving the said 
accounts and vouchers of the expenditure of said monies charge the 
amount thereof to the continent, and that the amount of the sums 
contained in said receipts be allowed the Treasurer in account with 
this State on his delivering up said receipts pursuant to this resolution. 

Upon the memorial of Josiah Allyji, of Windsor in Hartford 
county in said State, the only acting executor to the last will and testi- 
ment of Joseph Marsh late of said Windsor deceas'd, shewing to this 
Assembly that the debts and charges, with moveables set out to the 
widow of said deceas'd, surmount the moveables of said deceas'd the 
sum of ^80 9 5, L. money, and praying to this Assembly for liberty 
to sell so much of the real estate of ^e said deceas'd as will raise said 
sum of X80 9 5, L, money, with incident charges arising on the sale 
thereof, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialist have liberty and liberty is hereby granted to the memorial- 
ist, to sell so much of the real estate of the said deceas'd as will raise 
said sum of .£80 9 5, L, money, together with incident charges aris- 
ing on the sale thereof; taking the direction of the court of probate 
for the district of Hartford therein. 

Upon the memorial of Charles Dayton and Mehitabel Dayton, ex- 
ecutors on the last will and testament of Capt. Michael Dayton late of 
Waterbury deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the debts and 
charges arising on the estate of said deceas'd surmount the moveable 
part of said estate the sum of .£46 15 10, L, money, and that the said 
deceas'd made no provision in said will to sell real estate to pay the 
same ; praying for liberty and authority to sell so much of the real 
estate of the said deceas'd as will be sufficient to pay the sum afore- 
said with incident charges, as per memorial on file appears : Resolved 



Hosted by 



Google 



294 PUBLIC EECOKDS [May, 

by this Assembly, that Capt. Thomas Fenii of Waterbury aforesaid 
have liberty and authority to sell 80 much of the real estate of said 
deceas'd as will be sufficient to pay the said sum of £i^ 15 10, with 
incident charges arising on such sale ; taking the direction of the 
court of probate for the district of Woodbury therein. 

Upon the memorial of Joseph Rider, administrator on the estate 
of James Richardson late of Willington deceas'd, shewing to this 
Assembly that the debts and charges and allowances against said 
estate surmount the moveable part of said estate the sum of ^8 8 3, 
lawful] money, and praying for liberty to sell the whole of said real 
estate or so much thereof as to make said sum of ^8 8 3, for the 
payment of said debts &c., as per memorial on file : Resolved by this 
Assembly, that the said administrator have liberty and he is hereby 
impowered, to make sale of so much of the real estate of the said 
deceas'd as to make said sum of ^G8 8 3, L. money, with the incident 
charges arising thereon ; taking the direction of the court of probate 
for the district of Stafford therein. 

Upon the memorial of John Welton, administrator on the estate 
of Benjamin Scott late of Waterbury deceas'd, praying for authority to 
sell so much of the real estate of the said deceas'd as will be sufficient 
to pay the said sum of £10 6 3, with incident charges, as appears by 
said memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the said John 
Welton be and he is hereby authorized and impowered to sell so much 
of the real estate of the said deceas'd as will be sufficient to pay the 
said sum of ,£70 6 3, with incident charges arising on such sale; 
taking the direction of the court of probate for the district of Wood- 
bury therein. 

Upon the memorial of Elijah Calkins of Sharon, representing to 
this Assembly that he had before the first day of January last paat 
made and manufactured two hundred and thirteen pounds and an half 
of saltpetre, and before that time applyed to two of the selectmen of 
said Sharon to have the same inspected, but necessary business pre- 
vented the same until! the 15"' day of January, 1777, when the same 
was inspected and sent to the powder-mill at New Haven for the use 
of this State, when the same was on reinspection found good and clean, 
but because the same was not inspected before the first day of January, 
A. Dom. 1777, the Committee of Pay-Table could order payment of 
only one shilling premium per pound, whereas he ought to have 
received two shillings per pound as a bounty, the same being manu- 
factured before said iirst day of January; praying for payment of 
XIO 13 6, as per memorial on file: Therefore resolved by this Assem- 
bly, that the Committee of Pay-Table be and hereby are directed to 
draw upon the Treasurer of this State to pay unto the said Elijah 
Calkins said sum of ^610 13 6, as the remainder of the premium due 
on said saltpetre by him maniifactured as aforesaid. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT, 295 

Upon the memorial of Thomas Bill, of Lebanon in the county of 
Windham, shewing to this Assembly that he, the said memorialist, in 
January, 1776, was appointed and commissioned a lieutenant in the 
continental army, and was joined to the company commanded by 
Capt. Benjamin Throop of Colo. Burrall's regiment and joined the 
army in the northern department, where the said memorialist contin- 
ued to do duty to good satisfaction untill about the 20'^'' day of May 
following, at which time he was taken sick with the small pox in the 
natural way at the River Sorrell, and said regiment being on their 
march left said memorialist destitute either of hospital, physick or 
nurse, all which he was obliged to provide for himself at his own ex- 
pence, which cost him at least twelve pounds, L. money, for which he 
hath received no pay or allowance &c. ; praying to this Assembly for 
their tender consideration on the premises and pay for said expences 
Ac. : Whereupon it is resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist 
be paid the sum of twelve pounds, and the Treasurer is hereby ordered 
to pay the same accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of David Seely, of Stratford in Fairfield 
county, administrator on the estate of Israel Seely late of said 
Stratford deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the debts and 
charges exhibited and allowed by the court of probate for the district 
of Fairfield against the estate of said deceas'd surmount the personal 
inventoried estate of said deceas'd the sum of £90 12 2, L. money, 
to pay which the said administrator hath no assets in his hands; 
praying for liberty to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd 
as shall be sufficient to satisfy the said sum of £90 12 2, together 
with the cost and charges of sale : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
liberty be granted and liberty and authority is hereby granted to the 
said David Seely, to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd 
as shall be sufficient to satisfy said sum of £90 12 2 and the charges 
of sale ; taking the direction of the court of probate for the district of 
Pair field therein. 

Upon .the memorial of Abigail Spencer, administratrix on the 
-estate of Samuel Spencer late of Haddam in the State of Connecticut, 
deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the debts and charges due 
from said estate surmount the moveable part thereof the sum of 
£44 11 7|, and thereupon praying for liberty to sell real estate, as 
per memorial on file, dated 5'" May, 1777: Resolved by this Assembly, 
that the memorialist have liberty, and liberty is hereby granted her, 
to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd as will procure the 
aforesaid sum of £44 11 7f together with the incident charges aris- 
ing on such sale ; taking the direction of the court of probate for the 
district of Midletown therein. 

On the memorial of Stephen Judd, administrator on the estate of 
Daniel Judd late of Waterbury, deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly 



Hosted by 



Google 



296 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

that the debts and chains arising against the estate of said dceeas'd 
surmount the moveable part of said estate the sum of ^38 18 7, L. 
money ; praying for authority to sell 30 much of the real estate of the 
said deceas'd as will be sufficient to pay the sum aforesaid with inci- 
dent charges, as appear by said memorial on file : Resolved by this 
Assembly, that Timothy Judd, Esq^, of Waterbury aforesaid, be and 
he is hereby authorized and directed to sell so much of the real estate 
of the said deceas'd as will be sufficient to pay the said sum of i:38 
13 7, with incident charges arising thereon ; taking the direction of 
the court of probate for the district of "Woodbury therein. 

Upon the memorial of Eli Mygatt, John McLean and others, select- 
men of the town of Danbury in Fairfield county, shewing to this 
Assembly that the enemy in their late incursion into said Danbury 
amongst other things burnt and destroyed the public records of said 
town, whereby they apprehend great damage and inconvenience may 
arise to the inhabitants and others interested therein unless some 
timely remedy be provided them ; praying the attention of this Assem- 
bly in their unhappy case, and that a committee be appointed to en- 
quire into the particular circumstances attending the same : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that Daniel Sherman, Colo. Nehemiah Beardsley, 
Capt. Increase Moaely and Mr. Lemuel Sanford, or any three of them, 
be appointed a committee to repair to said Danbury as soon as may 
be, first notify the inhabitants of said town, and there by all lawfull 
ways and means enquire into and ascertain the right of every man, 
and make report of their doings in the premises to the next General 
Assembly of this State. 

Upon the petition of Jonathan Hart against Jerusha Clark, admin- 
istratrix on the estate of Mr. Samuel Clark late of Kensington deceas'd, 
shewing that he is imprisoned by said Jerusha on an execution for 
about ^6800 0, L. money ; that said Samuel and the petitioner were 
in partnership in trade, out of which said execution arose ; that said 
Clark denjed said partnership, and that the petitioner is able to evince 
it, and that upon a just settlement the greater part of said execution 
will be found not due ; further representing that the petitioner is in- 
solvent and engaged in the service; praying for an act of insolvency 
&c. as per memorial on file ; and the petitioner having disclosed upon 
oath his estate, the inventory of which amounts to £S70 11 0^, and 
has made an assignment thereof in common form to Colo. Isaac Lee 
jun' and Stephen Norton, both of Farmington, assignees for the bene- 
fit of his creditors, who are hereby impowered to make deeds and 
other instruments necessary to execute their said trust, also to com- 
mence and prosecute unto final judgment and recovery any action in 
the law for the purpose aforesaid and the monies to pay to the credi- 
tors in due proportion &c. : Thereupon it is resolved by this Assem- 
bly, that the petitioner be released from his imprisonment and be 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 297 

forever hereafter acquit from any arrests or imprisonment for debts 
heretofore contracted, unless upon the final issue of said petition it , 
shall be found that his estate is not insolvent ; which petition the 
petitioner has liberty to prosecute without being prejudiced by ^any 
thing in this act. 

Upon the memorial of Beach Tomlinson and Saral Lewiss both of 
Stratford, administrators on the estate of Ichabod Lewisa, Esq', late 
of said Stratford deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the debts 
due from said estate surmount the personal estate of said deceas'd the 
sum of i£288 8 2i; praying for liberty to sell so much of the real es- 
tate of said deceas'd as to raise said sum &c.,aa per memorial on file: 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialists be and they are 
hereby impowered to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd as 
to raise said sum of ^288 8 2f , with incident charges arising thereon ; 
taking the direction of the court of probate for the district of Fairfield 
therein. 

Upon the memorial of Eeuben Eeacher of New Haven, conservator 
of the person and estate of Ephraim Morriss of New Haven, repre- 
senting that from the 4"" day of April, 2776 to the 4"' day of April, 
1777, he had expended for the support of said Morriss the sum of ^£20 
8 1 ; that he had received for the rent of the land belonging to said 
Morriss the sum of ^6 0; praying that he might be impowered to 
sell so much of the real estate of said Morriss as shall be sufficient to 
pay the sum of ^14 8 1, being the ballance due to him, as per 
memorial on file appears : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
memorialist have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby granted 
unto him, to sell so much of the real estate of said Morriss as shall be 
suiBcient to pay said sum of X14 8 1, together with the incident 
& of such sale. 



Upon the memorial of Anne Pierpoint, administratrix upon the 
estate of Mr. James Pierpoint late of New Haven deceas'd, represent- 
ing that the debts and charges due from the estate of said deceas'd 
surmount the moveable estate the sum of ^166 8 8; praying for 
liberty to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd as shall be 
sufficient to pay said sum together with the incident charges of such 
sale, as per memorial on file appears : Resolved by this Assembly, 
that the memorialist have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby 
granted unto the memorialist, to sell so much of the real estate of 
said deceas'd as shall be sufficient to pay said sum of £16ti 3 8, 
together with the incident charge of such sale ; taking the direction of 
the court of probate for the district of New Haven therein. 

Upon the memorial of Capt. Joshua Huntington, the agent for 
building the continental ship in Norwich, shewing to this Assembly 



Hosted by 



Google 



298 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

that he wants a quantity of locust timber for trunnela, which may be 
had on the farm in New London formerly owned by Capt. Oliver, 
deceas'd, now owned by one Oliver of Boston, or Doct. Thomas Moffat, 
both of whom are with the enemies of these States ; praying for liberty 
to cut the needfull quantity &c., as per memorial on file : Resolved by 
this Assembly, that the memorialist hath liberty and the ^me U 
hereby granted to him, to take the needfull quantity of locust timber 
from said farm for the purpose mentioned, keeping an account thereof 
at apprizal of the carpenters of said ship ready to be rendered when 
properly called upon. 

Upon the memorial of Benoni Buttolph, administrator on the es- 
tate of Jonathan Buttolph senior, late of Symsbury in the said State, 
shewing that the debts and charges exhibited against the estate of the 
said deceased surmount the moveable estate of the said deeeae'd the 
sum of ^26 2 9, L, money, as per memorial on file dated 16th of May, 
A. D. 1777 ; praying this Assembly to grant liberty to said memorialist 
or some other meet person to sell so much of the real estate of said 
deceas'd as may suffice to pay and satisfy the aforesaid som of £2Q 2 
9, L. money, with the incident charges arising on said sale : There- 
fore resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist have liberty and 
is hereby authorized, to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd 
as shall pay and satisfy the aforesaid sums with the incident charges 
arising on said sale ; taking the direction of the court of probate for 
the district of Symsbury therein. 

Upon the memorial of the selectmen of the town of Ridgfield, 
representing to this Assembly that the enemy in their late incursion 
to Danbury on their return passed through said Ridgfield and burnt 
many dwelling-houses and other buildings therein, killed and carried 
off many of their cattle, and plundered the inhabitants of all their 
provisions and much of their cloathing, whereby such a number of the 
inhabitants of said Ridgfield are reduced to indigence, poverty and an 
inability to provide for their necessities as that said town cannot afford 
them adequate relief ; praying this Assembly to take their case into 
their consideration and make provision accordingly : Resolved by this 
Assembly, that Increase Mosely, Daniel Sherman, Nehemiah Beards- 
ley and Lemuel Sanford, Esq''% or any three of them, be a committee 
to estimate the losses of every individual in said town of Ridgfield in 
consequence of the hostile measures of the British troops in their late 
progress through said town, and report make to this or some future 
Assembly, so that the real loss the unhappy sufferers have sustained 
by the desolations and ravages of our merciless enemies may thereby 
be clearly known and such representation made thereof and attention 
given to the condition of the unfortunate as any future Assembly may 
think .proper.* 

* Their report is in Ber. War, viii, 891. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 299 

And it is further resolved hy thin Assembly, That the Pay-Table 
<lraw an order on the Treasurer, in favour of the selectmen of the town 
of Bidgfield, for the sum of ^250 0, to be used by said selectmen 
in relieving the distresses of such persons who were sufferers in said 
Ridgfield as aforesaid, who cannot subsist without such relief, and 
render account of the same when called thereto. 

Upon the memorial of Elizabeth Boughton, of Danbury in the 
county of Fairfield, administratrix on the estate of James Boughton 
late of said Danbury deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the real 
estate of said deceas'd amounts to the sum of ^6127 0, according to 
the inventory apprizal, and that his inventoried moveable estate only 
to i£26 10 7, and that the debts &c. due from said estate as allowed 
by the court of probate amounts to the sum of ^699 19 0, which 
surmounts said moveable estate the sum of ^£73 8 5, for the payment 
of which sum she has nothing in her hands, as per memorial on file : 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the said Elizabeth Boughton have 
liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby granted unto her, to sell 
so much of the real estate of the said deceas'd James Boughton as 
shall enable her to pay the sum of £73 8 5, with the incident charges 
arising on such sale; taking the direction of the court of probate for 
the district of Danbury therein. 

Upon the memorial of Thaddeus Benedict, of Danbury in the 
county of Fairfield, shewing to this Assembly that in the late incursion 
of the enemy into Danbury his dwelling house was consumed by fire, 
and that several of the houses of those persons nominated to keep 
public houses in said town were also consumed, by means of which 
"they are deprived of keeping houses of entertainment, and that he had 
provided a convenient house in the center of said town; praying to 
this Assembly for liberty to keep a house of public entertainment, as 
pei' memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorial- 
ist have liberty, and authority is hereby granted unto him, to keep a 
piiblick house of entertainment in said town the year ensuing, under 
the same restrictions as other public houses arc kept in said town. 

Upon the memorial of Mary Hoyt, wife of Isaac Hoyt late of Dan- 
bury, shewing to this Assembly that she has ever been a true friend 
to the rights of her country, and that her husband when the enemy 
made their late incursions into Danbury, being an enemy to his coun- 
iry, went off and joined them, by means of which he did justly forfeit 
all his estate both real and personal, and that the selectmen of said Dan- 
bury by virtue of a law of this State bad seized all the personal estate of 
her said husband, by means of which she was deprived of the necessa- 
ries of life ; praying to this Assembly to order and decree that one 
third pai't of all the clear moveable estate be given to her, and the 
use and improvement of one third part of all the real estate of her 



Hosted by 



Google 



800 PUBLIC RECORDS [May,, 

said husband during her natural life for her support, as per memorial 
on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist do have and 
enjoy the free use and improvement of one third part of all the real 
and personal estate of her said husband during the pleasure of this 
Assembly. 

Upon the memorial of Isaac King, of Sutfield in the county of 
Hartford, administrator on the estate of Charles Smith late of said 
SufBcld deeeas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the said Charles in 
his life time bargained and agreed with one Jonathan Baker, then of 
Woodbury in the county of Litchfield now of Suffield aforesaid, to 
sell him a certain piece of land in said Sufiield containing eight acres, 
bounding north on Capt. John Norton, east on Reuben Parsons' land, 
south and west on the highway, for the consideration of the sum of 
X112 10 0, L. money, with interest, and on the 8'" day of December, 
1774, bound himself and his heirs to the said Baker in the sum of 
^225 0, to make and execute to him a good warrantee deed of said 
land by the first day of January, 1780, upon his paying the said sum 
of ^112 10 0, with the interest; that in the month of November last 
pass'd the said Charles Smith sickened and dyed, after whose decease 
the memorialist took out letters of administration on said estate, and 
that the said Baker paid him as administrator the whole of said 
X112 10 with the interest that remained due, and thereupon 
demands a deed of said land ; praying to be authorized and impowered 
to make and execute to the said Baker a deed of said land, as per 
memorial on file dated May 6"", 1777; Resolved by this Assembly, 
that the said Isaac King be authorized, and is hereby authorized and 
impowered, to make and execute to the said Baker a deed uf said 
land, and the same being recorded in the town-clerk's office of the 
town of Suffield shall be a good title to hold said land to the said 
Baker, his heirs or assigns. 

Upon the memorial of Elnathan Camp, of Durham in this State, 
humbly shewing that he manufactured out of materials collected in 
this State two hundred and forty-one pounds of good saltpetre between 
the first day of June and the first day of January last ; that through 
multiplicity of business and not adverting to the law requiring said 
saltpetre to be inspected before the 15'" day of said January he omit- 
ted getting the same inspected; that said saltpetre on the 12"' day 
of February was inspected and the oath provided by law taken by 
said Camp; and that the same was reinspected on the 17'" of Febru- 
ary aforesaid, as appears per certificate, and received for the use of 
this State ; humbly praying that, although he did not attend the steps 
of the law in that case provided, he may be allowed the same price 
and premium as he might have had had he attended to said law on 
the aforesaid quantity of 241 pounds of saltpetre, and that the Assem- 
bly order the Committee of Pay-Table to draw on the treasury for the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. SOI 

same, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
Committee of Pay-Table be and they are hereby directed and ordered, 
to adjust said account and draw an order on the treasury for the same 
price and premium on the aforesaid quantity of two hundred and forty- 
one pounds of saltpetre as said memorialist would have been entituled 
to bad-he attended the steps of the law in that case provided. 

Upon the memorial of Elizabeth Tomlinson, of Stratford in the 
■county of Fairfield, administratrix on the estate of Capt. Joseph Tom- 
linson late of said Stratford deceasM, shewing to this Assembly that 
the debts due from the estate of said deceaa'd surmount the moveable 
estate the sum of ^428 12 2, L. money; praying for liberty to sell 
so much of the real estate of said deceas'd as to raise said sum &c., 
as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memo- 
rialist be and she is hereby impowered, to sell so much of the real 
estate of said deceased as to raise said sum ,£423 12 2 with the inci- 
dent charges thereon arising; taking the direction of the court of 
probate for the district of Fairfield therein. 

On the memorial of Mehitabel Kilborn and Lemuel Hotchkiss, 
administrators on the estate of Joshua Kilborn late of Farmington 
deceas'd, shewing that the debts and charges due from and arising 
upon said estate, with allowance of necessaries made to the widow 
and family of said deceas'd, surmount the moveable estate of said 
deceas'd the sum of £151 7 8, and praying for liberty to sell so much 
of the real estate of said deceas'd as shall be sufficient to raise the 
aforesaid sum together with incidental charges arising on said sale, 
as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that liberty and 
authority be and the same is hereby granted to the said administra- 
tors, to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd as shall be 
sufficient to raise the aforesaid sum of £151 7 8, with incidental 
charges arising on said sale ; taking the advice of the court of probate 
for the district of Farmington therein. 

Upon the memorial of Hannah Crosby, executrix to the last will 
and testament of Stephen Crosby late of Killingley deceas'd, shewing 
to this Assembly that she is chargeable with the sum of £46 6 4, L. 
money, to the State of Connecticut, which is inevitably lost at the 
time of the death of said deceas'd, which was in the retreat out of New 
York ; praying this Assembly to grant her in her said capacity the 
aforesaid £46 6 4, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assem- 
bly, that the aforesaid sum of £46 6 4, L. money, be granted to said 
memorialist in her said capacity, and the Committee of Pay-Table of 
this State is hereby ordered and directed to allow the same to her in 
the settlement of the account of the deceaa'd with this State accord- 
ingly. 



Hosted by 



Google 



S02 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

On the memorial of Absalom Stockwell, of Killingley in the county 
of Windham, shewing that on the ninth day of May, 1775 he entered 
into the service of this State agreeable to an act of the General 
Assembly of this State for that purpose, and went to Roxbury or 
Cambridge in the defence of our just rights and privileges to serve 
for the space of seven months, and accordingly served faithfully until! 
the second day of December then next ; that mistaking his time of 
service to be expired sooner than it really was, he imprudently left 
the service without a regular discharge; that he is devoted to the 
service of his country, has been since his tour to Boxbury twice into 
the service and is ever ready to contribute everything in his power for 
his country's welfare, and praying for his wages, as per memorial on 
file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the Committee of the Pay-Table 
be and they are hereby authorized and impowered on application to them 
made by the said Absalom, to examine and adjust the accounts for 
the wages of said Absalom and in his favour to draw on the Treasurer" 
for such sums as shall be found due to him thereon. 

On the memorial of Hannah Dcraing, administratrix on the estate 
of Waitstill Deming late of Weathersfield deeeas'd, representing to 
this Assembly that the debts and charges exhibited into the court of 
probate for the district of Hartford since October last and allowed by 
said court for which no certificate has ever been given surmount the 
moveable estate of the said deeeas'd the sum of £1S 3 7i, L. money, 
and that said administratrix hath no assets to satisfy said debts ; 
praying this Assembly to appoint said memorialist and Aaron Porter 
of said Weathersfield, or some other person, to make sale of so much 
of the real estate of said deeeas'd as will be sufficient to discharge 
said sum of ^18 8 7i, L. money, and the incident charges arising on 
the sale &c. : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist and 
the said Aaron Porter be authorized and impowered, and they are 
hereby authorized and impowered, to make sale of so much of the 
real estate of said deeeas'd Waitstill as will be sufficient to raise said 
sum of X18 3 7i and the incident charges arising on the sale ; taking 
the direction of the court of probate for the district of Hartford 
therein. 

Upon the memorial of Phineaa Gurley of Mansfield, administrator 
on the estate of Israel Gurley late of Guilford in the county of Cum- 
berland deeeas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the said Israel while 
in life, on or about the 12'" day of October, 1775, for a valuable con- 
sideration sold and disposed of one certain messuage in said Mans- 
field containing about seven acres, including a mansion house and 
barn, bounded north on the country road leading from Hartford to 
Boston, westerly on land of Elnathan Bridgham, southerly on lands of 
Oliver Demick, easterly on a road called the Town Road, to Eliphalet 
Demick of said Mansfield ; that at the time of said sale one Lott 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 303 

Demick was in full possession of the premises by virtue of a leaae of 
the said deceas'd, and that it was thereupon then and there agreed by 
and between the said deceas'd and the said Eliphalet Demmick that 
he, the said Eliphalet, should then and there pay down to the grantor 
the full purchase money of said lands and buildings, and that there- 
upon he, the said deceas'd, should be bound and obliged to make, exe- 
cute and deliver to the said Eliphalet a good warrantee deed of the 
premises in a then future time, and that to this proposal each of said 
contracting parties then and there consented and agreed, and the said 
Eliphalet accordingly then and there paid down to the said deceas'd the 
full sum of illO 0, L. money, the price agreed upon for the premises 
as aforesaid, and the said deceas'd thereupon then and there promised 
to make and execute a deed of the premises a.nd the same deliver to the 
said Eliphalet by the first day of September then next, but that before 
said first day of September aforesaid, viz : on or about the 22^ day of 
August, 1776, he, the said Israel Gurley, sickened and dyed intestate 
without executing such deed, leaving a widow and three small children, 
and that said widow is willing, in consideration of the premises, to 
quit and relinquish all right of dower therein, and the said Eliphalet 
desirous to be confirmed in the title thereto &c.; praying for power 
and authority to make, execute and deliver to the said Eliphalet 
Demick, his heirs &c., a good warrantee deed of the premises &c., as 
per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist 
have full power and authority, and full power and authority is hereby 
given to him, to make, execute and deliver unto the said Eliphalet 
Demick, his heirs and assigns forever, a good deed of warranty of the 
said lands and buildings, which shall be good and valid in the law to- 
all intents and purposes. 

Upon the memorial of Joseph, Seeley jun', a prisoner in the goal 
at Hartford, representing to this Assembly that he had for Inimical 
practices been sentenced to suffer two years imprisonment and pay 
a fine of ^2000; that he had served the United States in the present 
war with faithfulness, and professing repentance for his evil conduct, 
promising reformation in future ; praying this Assembly to liberate 
him from his imprisonment upon his inlisting into the continental 
service, as per memorial on file : Therefore resolved by this Assembly, 
that the said Joseph Seeley jun' be and hereby ia liberated from his. 
imprisonment upon his paying or securing to be paid the cost of pros- 
ecution arising against him and he inlisting into some one of the 
battalions raising in the United States of America for continental 
service ; and the goaler in such case is ordered to discharge the said 
Joseph from his imprisonment. 

Upon the memorial of Abel Clark, of Pomphrett in the county of 
Windham, shewing that between the first of June, 1776, and the first 
day of January, 1777, he had manufactured at his works in said Pom- 



Hosted by 



Google 



304 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

f rett out of materials collected within this State three hundred and sixty- 
four pounds weight of saltpetre ; that through inattention to the law 
requiring the exhibiting, inspecting and certifying saltpetre within a 
limited time he did not exhibit said saltpetre till after the time of 
limitation was required ; that he did however afterwards exhibit 
the same to Mr. Samuel Sumner, a selectman for said town, for 
inspection, who weighed the same and on examination found the 
same to be pure, clean and dry, fit for the manufacture of gun- 
powder, but no certificate could be received for the same according to 
the letter of the law, notwithstanding be took the oath by law pre- 
scribed, and that he has kept the same in his own custody with all 
possible security ever since ; and praying that on said saltpetre being 
reinspected, weighed, approved and certifyed by the inspector of salt- 
petre in Windham county, and on its being transported to the powder- 
mills in Windham for the use of this State, he might be entituled to 
the same bounty and price for the same as others by law are, as per 
memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the Committee 
of Pay-Table be and they are hereby authorized and directed, on 
application to them made by the said Abel Clark, and, on his pro- 
ducing a certificate as the law directs for said saltpetre, to draw 
on the Treasurer for such sum as shall be found due, in favour of 
said Clark, in the same manner as if he had strictly pursued the 
steps of the law, 

Upon the memorial of Ebenezer Stevens of New Fairfield, shewing 
to this Assembly that in the month of August last past, when the 
militia were ordered to New York, he let his horse and saddle go to 
help carry the baggage of Capt. Beardsley's company to said New York, 
and that said horse and saddle was lost by inevitable providence ; 
praying to this Assembly for pay for said horse and saddle, as per 
memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the said Ebenezer 
Stevens be allowed out of the public treasury for said horse and saddle 
the sum of ^£12 10, lawfuU money ; and the Treasurer of this State is 
ordered to pay the same accordingly. 

On the memorial of Joash Hall of Wallingford, shewing to this 
Assembly that he rode on horseback to the assistance of the troops of 
this State that were pursuing the British troops intheir retreat from Dan- 
bury, and that he rode within about half a mile of where the action was 
at Compo and then left his horse and went and engaged the enemy for 
some time, but was finally obliged to retreat, and when he came to his 
horse he mounted him and soon after said horse was killed by a shot 
from the enemy ; praying this Assembly to grant him pay for said 
horse, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
Pay-Table draw an order on the Treasurer for the sum of ^19 0, L. 
money, in favour of the said Hall, as full payment and satisfaction 
for the loss of said horse. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNBCTICDT. 806 

upon the memorial of Thomas Mumford, Esq', of Groton, shewing 
to this Assembly that he with other merchants of this State have a 
large quantity of English goods at Bedford in the State of Massachu- 
setB Bay, taken by their privateer called the Fanny in a prize ship 
and brought in there, and that he hath a cargo of salt brought in and 
imported from the West Indies at the same place, all which he is 
desirous to bring into this State for the benefit of the inhabitants, 
being much wanted here, as per memorial on file: Resolved by this 
Assembly, that his Honor the Governor be and he is desired to write 
to the General Assembly, or in their recess to the Hon'''* Council of 
the State of Massachusets Bay, and request them to permit the afore- 
said goods or any other goods captured, brought or imported into the 
ports of that Stete by merchants or other subjects of this State, to 
be transported by land or water from thence into this State for the 
necessary supply of the inhabitants, any embargo of said State of 
Massachusets Bay notwithstanding. 

Upon the memorial of Jonathan La;throp, of Tolland in the county 
of Hartford, administrator on the estate of John Peck late of said 
Toland deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that the debts, funeral 
charges, with some allowances to the widow of the said deceas'd, sur- 
mount the moveable inventoried estate of the said deceas'd the sum 
of £51 5 8, L. money, and that the whole of the real estate of 8ai(* 
deceas'd will not surmount the said sum of X51 5 8 more than 
twelve or thirteen pounds, L. money, to be divided among six or seven 
heirs, some of which are under the age of four years and must be sup- 
ported until they arrive at that age &c., and that the real estate of 
aaid deceas'd may be sold to much greater advantage if it be sold 
together than apart; praying for liberty to sell the whole of the estate 
of the said deceas'd, and that so much thereof as is necessary to pay 
the said sum of £51 5 8 and incident charges be applyed to the pay- 
ment of the same, and that the residue of said estate may he applyed 
to the support of the said children under the age of four years &c., as 
per memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorial- 
ist have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby given to the 
memorialist, to sell the whole of the real estate of the said deceas'd, 
taking the direction of the court of probate for the district of Stafford 
therein, and the avails thereof to be applyed to the purposes men- 
tioned in said memorial as aforesaid. 

On the memorial of Thomas Shepard of Farmington and Anne his 

wife, lately Anne Burr, administratrix on the estate of Amos Burr 
late of said Farmington deceas'd, shewing that the debts and charges 
due from and arising upon said estate, together with allowance of 
necessaries made to the widow of said deceas'd, surmount the movea- 
ble estate of said deceas'd the sum of £40 8 11, L. money, and pray- 
ing -for liberty to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd aa.. 



y Google 



806 PUBLIC HECORDS [May, 

ehall be safficient to raise the aforesaid aum of X40 8 11 with inci- 
deatal chains arising on said sale, as per memorial on file: Resolved 
by this Assembly, that liberty and authority be and the same is hereby 
granted unto the said Thomas Shepard and Anne Ma wife, to aell so 
much of the real estate of said deceas'd as is sufficient to raise the 
aforesaid sum of £40 8 11, L. money, together with incidental 
charges arising on said sale ; taking the advice at the court of probate 
for the district of Farmington therein. 

On the memorial of Elizabeth Hendrick, administratrix on the 
estate of William Hendrick late of Farmington deceaa'd, shewing that 
the debts and charges due from and arising upon said estate, togetiier 
with necessaries allowed to the widow of said deceaa'd, surmount the 
moveable inventoried part of said estate the sum of £48 17 0, L. 
money, and praying that liberty might be granted to her in conjunc- 
tion with Mr. Aaron Day of said town, to sell so much of the real 
estate of said deceas'd as shall be sufficient to raise the aforesaid sum 
of j648 17 0, L. money, together with incidental charges arising on 
said sale, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Aasembly, that 
liberty and authority be and the same is hereby granted unto the said 
memorialist and the said Aaron Day, to sell so much of the real estate 
of said deceas'd as shall be sufficient to raise the aforesaid sum of 
£48 17 0, L. money, together with incidental charges ariaing thereon ; 
taking the advice of the court of probate for the district of Farming- 
ton therein. 

Upon the memorial of Shubael Conant, administrator on the estate 
of the Hon''" Shubael Conant late of Mansfield deceaa'd, shewing to 
this Aasembly that said deceas'd in his life time bargained and sold 
unto Timothy Dimmock jun', of said Mansfield about twenty-five acres 
of land and meadow in said township of Mansfield at a place called 
Bog Mine Meadow, and executed a bond to said Dimmock, dated the 
6"' day of February, 1771, for the penal sum of fifty pounds, money, 
conditioned for the delivery of a deed of said land by the 25'" day of 
December, 1772^ that said Dimmock gave security for the sum of 
thirty poimds, money, and has paid part of the same in the life time 
of said deceas'd; that a deed of said land has never been given to 
said Dimmock, and that the same has been reserved by order of court 
and baa not been set out in the late distribution of the real estate of 
said deceas'd ; praying for liberty to execute a deed to said Dimmock ■ 
&C-, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
said administrator have liberty, and liberty and authority is hereby 
granted to him, upon the said Dimmock's paying the remainder of the 
said sum of thirty pounds agreeable to the tenor of said securities for 
the benefit of the heirs of said deceas'd, to make, execute and deliver 
a good and authentic deed of warranty to said Dimmock, his heirs 
and assigns, agreeable to the tenor and intention of the condition of 
the aforesaid bond. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP coNNECTicni. 807 

Upon the memorial of John McKee, ehewing to this Assembly that 
the memorialist by the judgment of the honorable superior court in 
June last was convicted of harbouring and secreting some persons who 
were about to Join the enemies of this and the United States, and 
sentenced to suffer one years imprisonment and forfeit all his estate; 
that in consequence of said judgment he was committed to the goal 
in Litchfield and there remained untill the 24'" day of Feb^' last, when 
he was by order of the General Assembly removed to East Hadam, 
there to be coniined within the limits of said town ; that the memo- 
rialist is fully convinced of the iniquity of his conduct and is now 
heartily disposed to serve this and the other States in supporting 
their glorious cause; praying this Assembly that he may he released 
from his present confinement and that his estate may be restored to 
him: Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorialist have liberty 
to rettirn to his family and use and iipprove his forfeited estate 
during the pleasure of this Assembly, on his paying such cost as may 
have accrued since his being confined in said East Hadam. 

Upon the petition of Joseph Woodruff, of Woodbury in Litchfield 
county, shewing to this Assembly that he was indebted to Joel Stone 
of said Woodbury the sum of twenty-three pounds money, for security 
of which he conveyed a certain tract of land in said Woodbury to said 
Stone, of the value of eighty pounds, in nature of a mortgage, and was 
to have had a counter bond from said Stone for the reconveyance of 
said land upon the payment of said X23 0, but was providentially 
prevented, since which time said land has been seized for the use and 
benefit of this State ; praying for relief, as per petition on file : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that the petitioner be and he is hereby permitted to 
improve said land, he paying to the selectmen in and for the town of 
Woodbury for the time being the lawfull interest of the debt due from 
the petitioner to said Stone, for the use of this State, during the 
pleasure of this Assembly. 

Upon the memorial of Jesse Terrill and Mary Terrill, administra- 
tors on the estate of Noah Terrill late of Woodbury deceas'd, shewing 
to this Assembly that the debts and charges due from said estate sur- 
mount the moveable part of said estate the sum of X44 5 7, lawfull 
money, and praying for liberty to make sale of so much of the real 
estate of said deceas'd as to make said sum, as per memorial on file : 
Resolved by this Assembly, that the said Jesse Terrill have liberty 
and he is hereby impowered,to make sale of so much of the real 
estate of the said deceas'd as to make said sum of £44 5 7, L. money, 
with the incident charges arising thereon; taking the direction of the 
court of probate for the district of Woodbury therein. 

Upon the memorial of Abigail Mills of Stratford, only surviving 
administratrix on the goods and ^tate of Capt. Treat Mills late of 



Hosted by 



Google 



808 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

said Stratford deceas'd, shewing to this AsHembly that the debts and 
charges against the estate of said deceas'd surmounting the moveable 
estate, upon application the General Assembly at their session in May, 
1774, gare liberty to the memorialist and Ichabod Lewiss, Esq', the 
other administrator, to sell bo much of the real estate of said deceas'd 
as should amount to the sum of ^£453 9 9J, L, money, with incident 
charges, and that said Lewiss is since deceas'd and no sale has been 
made of said real estate; praying that some meet person may be 
appointed to assist in making sale of said real estate, as per memo- 
rial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that Samuel Adams, Esq', of 
said Stratford with the memorialist be and they are hereby authorized 
and impowered, to make sale of so much of the real estate of said 
deceas'd as shall amount to said sum of £468 9 9^, L. money, with 
the incident chaises of such sale; taking the advice of the court of 
probate in and for the district of Fairfield therein. 

On the memorial of Lemuel Parish of Canterbury, shewing to this 
AsBembly that his son marched in Oapt. Benjamin Bacon's company 
in September last for New York, and while his said son was in said 
State he fell from a loft in a bam when asleep, by which fall he frac- 
tured and broke the bone of his arm, and that the memorialist brought 
his said son from Stamford to Canterbury, where he was for a long 
time sick, and he expended large sums of money in getting him to 
■said Canterbury and also whilst he was there sick ; praying for relief 
&c., as per memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, that the 
Committee of Pay-Table adjust the accounts referred to in said 
memorial and draw an order on the Treasurer for what they shall find 
to be justly due. 

On the memorial of John Thomas of Woodbury, shewing that on 
the 28'" day of June last he inlisted into the service of this State for 
the northern department in Capt. Lacy's company, Colo. Swift's regi- 
ment, began his march on the 18*'' of July, joined his regiment at 
Skeensborough on the 30"' of said July, and served till the S'* of Sep- 
tember last, when he fell sick of the camp distemper; that Capt, 
Lacey, the then commanding officer in that department advised him, 
if possible, to leave the camp and go into the country ; that with the 
assistance of a friend from Woodbury who was there present with a 
spare horse, on the 11*'' of September he returned from camp ; that he 
was advised by several physicians which he met to continue riding if 
he would save his life : he accordingly continued his journey and 
arrived home on the 18"' of said September, extremely debilitated 
with his disorder, and that his expences for his sickness were very 
considerable ; that he was unjustly, as he apprehends, returned as a 
deserter, by which he has been deprived of his wages and reimburse- 
ment of his expences ; that he left the camp with reluctance, deter- 
mined to return again if his health would permit, and that he is ever 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 809 

■willing to serve his country to the utmost of his power ; and praying 
for relief, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
the Committee of Pay-Table be and they are hereby authorized and 
directed, on application of the memorialist, to receive, examine and 
adjust the accounts of his wages, expences for sickness and mileage 
untill he returned home, and draw on the Treasurer in his favour for 
what shall be found reasonably due and unpaid of the same accordingly. 

Upon the memorial of Jonathan Bull of Hartford, shewing that 
one of his family has taken the small pox by means unknown, whereby 
his family have been exposed, and also widow Sarah Butler, and three 
of the family of Moses Butler, to take the infection ; praying for liberty 
to- inoculate, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, 
that the memorialist's family and said other persons have liberty and 
they are hereby permitted, to take the infection of the small pox by 
inoculation at such place and conforming himself to such regulations 
as the major part of the selectmen of Hartford shall direct. 

On the meinorial of Ednah Allyn, administratrix on the estate of 
Jacob Allyn late of Groton deceased, shewing to this Assembly that the 
debts due from said estate, together with the sum allowed the widow 
for bringing the children up, surmount the moveable estate of the said 
deceas'd the sum of ^22 17 4, for the payment of which the said 
administratrix has not a sufficiency in her hands ; praying for liberty 
and authority that may he granted to some suitable person to sell so 
much of the real estate of the said deceased as to raise said sum of 
X22 17 4, as per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that 
liberty and authority is hereby granted to Stephen Hurlburt of said 
Groton, to sell so much of the real estate of the said Jacob Allyn 
deceas'd as to raise the sum of ^22 17 4, money, with the incident 
charges arising on said sale ; taking the direction of the court of pro- 
hate for the district of Stonington therein. 



The Sums Total of tbe AdditJons (single and fourtold) 


to the IilstB of the several 


tIwds to tUlB State 


sent in to this AsBemWy are as lOUows, viz: 








Fourtold. 




Single. 


Fourfold. 


Hartford, 


£5158 8« 


Id 


£D 0». Od. 


Preston. 


£937 8». Od. £717 18». Od. 


Weatliersfleld 


558 


8 


262 


Fairfield, 








Fariuiiigtoa, 

^msbury, 

Haddam, 


1888 17 





1518 16 


Stratford, 


1100 





1150 








New Tairfield 


481 3 9 


840 18 


1128 4 


9 





Greenwich, 


3813 





East Windsor 


75 


3. 





Stamford, 




633 18 


WlUington, 
East Haddam 


607 18 


9 





Reading, 
KidgfieTd, 


6ft4 5 8 


2354 7 2 


2338 14 










583 16 


Suffleld, 


118 7 








Norwalk, 


1688 8 


3B37 17 4 




800 9 








Daabury, 


1383 13 





BtaHord, 


178 5 








Newtown, 


2140 16 8 





Bolton, 


aosi I 





115 4 


Windlam, 


1347 16 8 


145 4 


Colchester, 


2530 2 








Lebanon, 


3345 11 6 


179 12 


Enfield, 


1389 10 





43 18 


WoodBtock, 


1727 16 





Glastonbury, 











Canterbury, 


363 1 9 





Midletown, 


1150 








Mansfield, 


1196 14 6 






Hosted by 



Google 



810 






PUBL 


IC 


RECORDS 




tM.y, 




Single 








SlDKle. 




Chatham, 


£1479 I0».0<I.£865 i* 


M. 


Ashford, 


£1505 10«. 0.1 


£o'"(ig. Od 


Windsor. 








316 





Ponifret, 


8380 18 6 





Hebron, 














Plaiufleld, 


453 13 





Tolland, 


401 11 











Voluntown, 


451 13 


83 16 


Hew Haven, 


6951 4 


9 








Coventry, 


1310 5 


343 8 


Waterbury, 


1887 a 


6 


2646 16 





llSSi: 


1986 3 





Derby. 


709 18 


6 








966 4 





Walhcgford, 


6244 4 


71 3483 8 





Woodbury. 


5200 





Mflford, 


473 5 


7 


893 4 





Sharon. 


459 18 


771 19 


Guilford, 








734 14 





New Milford, 


565 M 9 


871 18 


Durham, 


34 





31 4 





New Hartford 


175 13 


359 


Branford, 


ses 11 


8 








Kent, 


3234 15 


146 10 


New London 


3737 14 











Torrington. 


535 10 


168 8 


Norwich, 


4140 11 


4 


1083 17 





Hartlaad, 


401 10 


48 


Stonineton, 


1487 


6 


1587 3 





Cornwall, 





SOS 


Saybrook, 
Eilling worth 


576 


7 


375 13 





Goshen, 


843 19 6 


487 4 


90 13 


9 








Canaan, 


38 13 





GrotoQ, 


8758 19 




U 





Harwington, 


663 4 





Lyme, 


1080 5 





3801 





Salisbury, 
Westmoreland 


651 16 
1383 


167 3 

1004 



Upon the memorial of Lemuel Dorrance, of Voluntown in the county 
of Windham, administrator on the estate of Seth Pope late of said 
Voluntown deceas'd, shewing to this Assembly that since be obtained 
liberty of this Assembly to seE real estate of said deceas'd to pay 
■what debts then was exhibited against said estate there has been ex- 
hibited to the court of probate for the district of Plainfield debts due 
from said estate to the amount of ^639 14 2, L. money ; praying this 
Assembly for liberty to sell so much of the real estate of said deceas'd 
as to pay the said sum of ,£39 14 2, L. money: Resolved by this 
Assembly, that the said administrator have liberty and liberty hereby 
is granted for him to sell so much of said real estate of said deceas'd 
asto pay said sum of ^39 14 2, L. money, with the necessary charges 
arising thereon ; taking the advice of the court of probate for the dis- 
trict of Plainfield therein. 

Upon the memorial of Roger Veits of Symsbury, clerk, shewing to 
this Assembly that in January last he was sentenced to one years im- 
prisonment and to pay a fine of ,£20 ; praying to be enlarged, as 
per memorial on file : Resolved by this Assembly, that the memorial- 
ist be and he is hereby enlarged from his present confinement in prison, 
and is permitted to pass to and is hereby confined within said town of 
Symsbury for the same term for which he was sentenced to confine- 
ment by the honorable superior court, he paying cost of prosecution 
&c.: upon his ^ving bond with surety to the Treasurer of this State 
in the penal sum of one thousand pounds, lawful! money, conditioned 
that the memorialist shall not go out of the limits of said town of 
Symsbury, nor do or say anj^hing against the United States of 
America or detrimental to their interest as such within the time for 
which he waa sentenced to confinement as aforesaid. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONKBCTICUT. 811 

upon the memorial of William Skinner, of Woodstock in the 
county of Windham, executor to the last will and testament of Mr. 
Abraham Skinner late of Woodstock deceaa'd, shewing to this Assem- 
bly that the debts arising against the estate of said deceas'd surmount 
the personal or moveable estate of said deceas'd the sum of £1Q 7 4i, 
aa appears from the files of the records of the court of probate for the 
district of Pomfret, and no provision made in the last will and testa* 
jment of the deceas'd to pay the same; praying this Assembly to im- 
power the memorialist or some other meet person to sell so, much (rf 
the real estate of said deceas'd as will pay said sum of £76 7 41 
with the incident charges arising thereon, taking the direction of the 
■court of probate therein, as per memorial on file appears : Resolved 
by this Assembly, that Jedediah Morss, Esq', have liberty, and liberty 
:and authority is hereby given him, to sell so much of the real estate 
of said deceas'd as to raise said sum of ^76 7 4i with the incident 
■chaises arising thereon ; taking the direction of the court of probate 
for Ihe district of Pomfret therein. 

Upon the memorial of Zebulon Waterman of Colchester and report 
-of a committee thereon, shewing to this Assembly that Jonathan 
Beckwith, of Lyme in the county of New London, has recovered judg- 
ment of the county court in New London county by default on an 
action of book-debt and another of covenant>-broken, for large sums 
against William Brown, Esq', of Salem, who is with the enemies of 
the United States of America, and that strict justice has not been 
■done therein for want of tryals in said causes ; that execution has 
been taken out on one of said judgments and is levied on a tract of 
land in Lyme belonging to said Brown, now improved by Benjamin and 
Jedidiah Beckwith of Lyme, taking from them a great part of said 
farm which they held and improved for the benefit of this State as the 
«ame with the other lands belonging to said Brown in the town of 
Lyme have been seized as belonging to an inimical person and as by 
judgment of said county court held and condemned for the purpose 
aforesaid : Resolved by this Assembly, that said two judgments recov- 
■ered as aforesaid and the levy of said execution and all proceedings 
thereon be and the same are hereby set aside and declared to be null 
and void ; and that the said Jonathan Beckwith is not hereby fore- 
■closed from exhibiting his bill in equity, if he thinks proper, to the 
General Assembly of tiiis State that justice and equity may be done 
■between the parties concerned therein. 

Upon the memorial of Daniel Tyler, jun% and others, inhabitants 
■of the parish of Brookline and parts adjacent, representing . to this 
Assembly the utility of their being formed and constituted a company of 
matrosses subject to a proper command, and that sundry spirited gen- 
tlemen have engaged to procure three or four light constmcted field- 
pieces and equip them fit for service for the use of said company ; 



Hosted by 



Google 



812 PUBLIC RECORDS [May, 

praying this Assembly that they may be constituted an independent 
company &c., as per memorial on file: Resolved by this Assembly, 
that the memorialists have liberty, and liberty is hereby granted to- 
them, to form themselves and such others as shall join with them for 
the purpose of exercising three field-pieces, not exceeding twelve pri- 
vates to one field-piece, into a company of matrosses and apply to any 
one of the field officers of the Slat regiment of militia in this State to- 
lead them to the choice of the usual number of commission officers for 
such company and certify such choice to his Honor the Governor and 
Council of Safety for acceptance, and if accepted shall be accordingly 
commissioned by his Honor, and when formed and the officers com- 
missioned as aforesaid shall belong to and be under the command of 
the chief ofiicer of the twenty-first regiment : Provided that said fleld- 
pieces be procured and equipped and said choice certifyed by the first 
day of August next, and that none are included in said company that 
are inlisted into or holden by draughts or otherwise for the continentel 
army. 

Whereas the state of public affairs is such that this Assembly 
cannot attend to the hearing of private business between party and 
party : Resolved by this Assembly, that all petitions and memorials 
between party and party depending before this Assembly be referred 
for further consideration to the General Assembly to be holden at 
New Haven on the second Thursday of October next; and that all 
committees heretofore appointed on any of said petitions and memo- 
rials have power and are directed to hear, examine and report to said 
October Assembly ; and also, that all protections of persons and estatcB 
from attachment, arrest and imprisonment, granted on any of said 
petitions and memorials, shall be continued and remain in full force 
till the rising of said Assembly in October next. 

This Assembly do appoint Colo. William Williams, Colo. John 
Chester, Mr. Samuel Beach, Mr. Thomas Mumford, Mr. John Daven- 
port, Capt. Jabez Huntington, Mr. John Canfield and Mr. John Jen- 
kins, a committee to audit and adjust the state accounts with the 
Treasurer and make report of their doings in the premises to this. 



This Assembly do grant to his Excellency Governor Trumbull th& 
sum of one hundred and fifty pounds, money, for the first half of his 
salary the current year. 

This Assembly grant his Excellency Governor Trumbull the sum 
of one hundred and fifty pounds, money, for his extraordinary services- 
in the year past, and order and direct the Treasurer to pay the same 
accordingly. 

This Assembly grant his Honor Deputy Governor Griswold the 
sum of fifty pounds, money, for the first half of his salary the current 
year. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777-] OP CONNECTICCIT. 813 

This Assembly grant to John Lawrence, Esq', Treasurer, the stun 
o£ one hundred and eighty pounds, as and for his salary the year 
past. 

This Assembly grant to John Lawrence, Eaq', Treasurer, the sum 
of thirty pounds, money, for his extraordinary services the year past. 

This Assembly grant to George Wyllys, Esq", Secretary, the sum 
of twenty pounds, as and for his salary the year past, and direct the 
Treasurer to pay the same accordingly. 

This Assembly was adjourned (hj usual proclamation) until the 
(Jovernor, or, in his absence, the Deputy Governor, shall see cause to 
call it to meet again. 

Teste Geoboe Wyllys, Secretary. 



At a meeting or the Governor and Council of Safety, May 12th, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His HoDor tbe Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 

Jabez HuntingtoD, Nath" Wales Jun'', 
TituB HoBmer, Benj, Huatington, 

Voted, That Mr. Shaw he directed to give orders to Capt. Nilea to land 
those provisions on board the Spy with Messrs. Deshon and Ledyard as 
commisBaries, taking their receipts, and that Mr. Sliaw be directed to giva 
order to Capt. Niles what goods to bring on board said schooner from Bed- 
ford in her next voyage there, which ia hereby directed to be performed as 
Boon as may be. 

Orders were given to the commanding officer of the forts of N. London 
and Groton, to order the troops draughted from the northern compames in 
Stonington to go directly to tbe forts at Stonington to man that place for. 
defence, and that those draughted from the southern companies in Stoning- 
ton return home and hold themselves in readiness to serve on the shortest 
notice for defence of those parts. 

Orders were given to Capt. Palmer to remove the stores at Stonington 
back to some place of safety. 

Gave orders to Mr. Audrew Huntington to cause the two guns now on 
ship carriages at Norwich Landing to be mounted on field carriages without 
delay. 

Asahel Clark is appointed Ensign of Capt Collins's company in OoL 
Bradley's regiment. 

Dr. David How is appointed Surgeon's Mate to Col. Chandler's regiment 
in continental service. 



Hosted by 



Google 



814 COUHCIL OP SAFETY [May, 

At a. meeting or the Governor and Council of Safktt, Mat 14th, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm. HiUhonse, 

Jabez Hnntington, Nath" Wales jun', 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, 

TitiiB Hosmet, 

Voted, To order Messrs. Doolittle and company to deliver 2001b. muaquet 
powder to the selectmen of Durham, taking receipt, to be accountahle. 

Ordered d' to Sen' Wadsworth J^ May., 1777. 

At a meeting of the Govebnob and Codncil op Safety, May 16th, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Hia Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Blip' Dyer, Wm. HiUhouse, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Nath"WtbleB jun^ >■ Esq". 

Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, \ 

Consulted on sundry matters relative to the supplies promised to the 
soldiers from this State, as also with regard to sailing orders for brig Defenas. 

At a meeting or the Governor and Council of Safety, Habttort, May 
16rH, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Elip' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 1 

Jabez Huntington, Wm. HiUhouse, > Esq". 

Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, ) 

Bayze Wells, First Lieutenant in Capt. Kimball's company, instead of 
Nathan Parsons resigned in Col. Chandler's regiment. 

Lemuel Hitchcock is appointed Second Lieutenant in the same com- 
pany, instead of Bayze Wells promoted. 

Dr. Theodore Wadsworth is appointed to be Surgeon's Mate in Col. 
Douglas's regiment in continental service, instead of Dr. Todd resigned. 

Mr, Elijah Hubbard is appointed Commissary and Superintendent of the 
stores of supplies and refreshments to be provided by th^ State for the con- 
tinental troops from Connecticut. 

At a MEHTiNo OE THE QovEENOB AND OouNCiL OF Safety, HAETroED, Mat 

19th, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm. HiUhouse, "l 

Jabez Huntington, Nath" Wales, Ieso" 
Wm. WiUiams, Benj. Huntington, f ^ 
Titus Hosmer, j 

. Vited, That orders be given to Capt. Robert Niles of the Schooner Spy 
to put his schooner into a posture fit for a cruise and inlist a crew to serve 
not exceeding the first of January next, and for such time as he can engage 
them for wil£in that term. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 8lS 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of three hundred poandB 
in favour of Capt. Robert Nilea of the schooner Spy, for the publick use and 
to be accounted for. Order df to Capt. Nihs May 19*, 1777. 

Vot^d, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of ninety pounds in iavonr 
of Joseph King of Middletown for the same sum advanced by him for Capt. 
Jared Sheppard for the 20s. advance pay for his company. 

Order d^ to Mr. Mosmer. 

At A Meeting of thb Gotrbhor and Council of Safett, Hartford, May 
20th, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Ehph' Dyer, Titus Hosmer, 1 

Jabez Hnntington, Wm. Hiilhouse, I „ 
Wra. Williams, Nath" Wales jun', \'^^ ' 

Benj. Huntington, J 
Voted and Resolved, That Col. Samuel Mott be and he is hereby appointed 
Engineer, to oversee and direct the constructing and carrying on the fortifi- 
cations and works of defence begun and carrying on at New London and 
Groton, and to cause any proper redoubts or works to be erected on any 
neighbouring hills which m^ht command Port Trumbull, and which may 
be useful to annoy or resist the progress of the enemy ; to serve for such 
term as shall be judged necessary, not exceeding six months ; and that he be 
directed to repair to New London with all convenient speed and lose no time 
in giving necessary orders and directions in the premises ; and the com- 
manding ofBcer on that station is to afford him all necessary assistance of 
men, materials &c,, for the purpose aforesaid ; and the officers and soldiers 
are to yield all due obedience to the orders and directions of said engineer 
in this behalf. 

Voted, That the commander in chief at the forts at N. London and- 
Groton b^ ^^d he is hereby directed to employ two whale-boats pnJJieriy 
manned to ply in the harbour and sound near New London and the adjacent 
coasts, especially in the night season and thick weather, to observe the 
motions of . the enemy in the Sound and on Long Island &;c,, as he shall 
judge necessary and convenient from time to time and at the present time, 
and to give notice of the same, to prevent a surprize at those posts. 

Copy d^ to the Governor. 

At a Meeting of the Govebnog and Council or Sap^tt, Hartfoed, Mat 
2 1st, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm. HiUhouae, ' 

Jabez Huntington, Nath"Wales jun', 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, 
Titua Hosmer, 

Voted, To give orders to the overseers of the furnace at Salisbury to cast 
two suitable pans for making salt, for William Fowler of Guilford, and the 
same deliver to him, he paying therefor. 

, Ordered d' to Wm. Fowler May 21", 1777. 



Hosted by 



Google 



816 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [Maj, 

At a MEEniNd of the Governor and Council op SArEiT, Haetford, Mat 
22d, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Governor. 

Hie Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, 
Titus Hosmer, 
Wm. Hillhouse, 
Benj. Huntington. 
Voltd, To direct the overseers of the furnace at Salisbury and they are 
hereby directed, to employ and . set a proper guard at the furna«e at that 
place, as they with the advice of the civil authority and selectmen of Salis- 
bury shall judge to be needful. 

Voted, To give orders to the overseers of the furnace at Salisbury and 
they are hereby ordered, to advance the £50 C 0, towards the building the 
bridge over Ousatunnuck River where wanted for the use of the furnace, on 
account of this State. 

Voted, To direct the overseers of the furnace at Sahsbury to mount two 
four or six'pounders on travelling carriages as field-pieces. 

Voted, That Mr. Chauncey Whittelsey of Middletown be and ha ia 
hereby appointed and directed to procure a warrant and seize the wheat in 
the hands of John Birdsey and his sons in Middletown for the use of this 
State, leaving them enough for their own necessary consumption, and cause 
the same to be floured as soon as may be, and deliver fifty bushels of wheat 
to the selectmen of Saybrook for the use of the troops in the fort there, pay- 
ing said Birdsey and sons the lawful price for the same. 

Gave orders to Mr. Benj. Henshaw to borrow one hundred bushels of 
salt of Capt. Jei^ Wadsworth, for the «se of the furnace. 

Gave orders to Capt. Jabez Perkins at Norwich to send by water to 
Middletown to the care of Capt. Benj. Henshaw three hogsheads of molasses, 
two hogsheads of N. England rum, one hogshead of West India rum, one 
hogshead of sugar, for the use of the furnace. 

dave orders to Mr. Whittlesey of Middletown to supply Capt. Henshaw 
with what tow cloth and bags he wants for the use of the furnace at 
Salisbury. 

At a mkbtikg of the Goveknok and Council of Safety, Mat 23d, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Eliph' Dyer, Wm. Hillhouse, 

Jabez Huntington, Nath" Wales jun'', 
Wm. Williams, Benj. Huntington, 

F Considered of what measures will be needful to be taken to supply the 
Connecticut troops with proper, refreshments &c. And Mr. Wales and B. 
Huntington are directed to prepare a draught for instructions to be given 
to the commissaries of supplies &c. 

At a mkbting of the Governor and Counoii. of Safett, Mat 24th, 1777. 
Present : Hia Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor, 
Blip' Dyer, Wm HiUhouse, 1 

William Williams, Nath" Wales jun', [■ Esq". 
Titus Hosmer, Benj. Huntington, j 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 317 

Voted, To give the iollowing powers and instructions to the commissary 
of supplies and refteehments for the troops raised in this State for the con- 
tinental army, viz : 
To ^T. Elijah Hubhard: 

Sir ; You heing appointed commissary of supplies and refreshments for the 
troops raised in this State for the contmentai army, you will, therefore, with- 
out delay purciase one good team or waggon with horses to each battalion, 
and employ a faithful, trusty man to each to drive and take care of the 
same, and them load with rum, sugar, molasses and cloathing, belonging to 
this State in the hands of such gentlemen as you shall be directed to from 
time to time, who are hereby directed to transmit and deliver to you or 
your order such supplies as you want with an account of what they have on 
hand from time to time, without further directions from this Board. At 
present there is West India rum and sugar in the hands of Capt. Ephraim 
Bill, salt in the hands of Capt. Jatez Perkins, New England rum and cloath- 
ing in the' hands of Mr. Andrew Huntington of Norwich, cloathing, rum 
and sugar in the hands of Capt. Joshua Elderkin of Windham, cloathing in 
the hands of Mr. Chauncey Whittelsey of Middtetown, Col. Jonathan Fitch 
of New Haven, Capt. Samuel Squire of Fairfield, Messrs. David Webb and 
Dan' Gray of Stamford, and Mr. Abel Hine of New Milford ; and transport 
and secure such stores in the safest places you can near the continental army, 
using your prudence in that respect. And you will be assisted hy some per- 
son appointed to take care [of] and oversee the stores in about the camp &c., 
as shall be needful, as also an issuing commissary to each battalion. You 
are also impowered to impress such teams, boats &c. ae you shall have occa- 
sion for at any time to remove or transport any stores &c., and to employ 
such persons you find needful to execute the design of your appointment ; 
and in cases of danger and difficulty you will advise with the principal offi- 
cers of the army where you shall be and apply to them for necessary guard 
and protection. You have power in all cases of difficulty to take such 
measures as you ijith the best advice you can obtain shall judge prudent, and 
to purchase such articles as you find wanting and can obtain. You will be 
careful to provide forage and provender for your teams, cattle and horses, 
in such manner as you find most needful and convenient. Your assistant and 
issuing commissaries will be appointed and apply to you for their orders. 
You will direct the issuing commissaries what quantities of mm &o. to 
deliver to each soldier at a time, and how often, unless otherwise ordered by 
his captain or commanding officer. All articles to be delivered at the door 
of the tent or store and the receiver to depart immediately, that others may 
be served in their turn. An exact account of articles delivered to each sol- 
dier to be kept and transmitted to the paymaster of each regiment respect- 
ively, to be deducted out of the wages when paid. When a regiment is 
divided, the divisions must be supplied by the issuing commissary of the 
regiment where they happen to be and a separate account kept and trans- 
mitted to the issuing commissary of the regiment to which the division 
belongs ; or in case the division is removed to a place so distant from their 
own or any other regiment that they cannot be supplied by their commis- 
sary, they must have some person specially assigned to that service, who 
will keep the account and transmit the same to the regimental commissary 
in the manner aforesaid. 

You will keep an account of all disbursements and expencfls by you 



Hosted by 



Google 



818 COUNCIL OP 8APETT [May, 

made, as well as monies received, and have the same ia proper order for 
settJement at proper times. 

The troops now at Peekskill are in present want of supplies; your first 
attention must, therefore, be to their relief : and see to it that others are 
furnished with necessaries as they take the field. 

What further instructions, additions and alterations, are needful on the 
occasion shall be delivered you hereafter. 

An atlesUd copy was delivered to Mr. Etijah Huhbard May ig^", 1 777, 
per Benj. Huntington, derk. 

At a mkbtino op the Govbrnor and Council of Safety, Haetfobd, 
May 28th. 1777. 
Pre$f!tU : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Wm. Pitkin, Wm. HilLhouse, 

Wm. Williams, > Nath" Wales, jun , 
Titos Hosiner, Dan' Sherman, 

Benj. Payne, Andrew Adams, 

Benj. Huntington, j 

Consulted on sundry matters with regard to the necessary defence of the 
sea coast and frontiers of this State. 

At a meeting of thb; Govbrnob and Council of Safety, Hartford 

May 29th, 1777. 

Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Wna. Pitkin, Benj. Payne, 

Wm. Wilhams, Dan^ Sherman, 

Titus Hosmer, Andrew Adams, 

Wm. Hillhouse, Benj. Huntington, 

Nath' Wales jun'', 

The Committee now newly appointed and reappointed by the General 
Aflsembly now sitting have the first meeting of said new committee. 

Voted, That the schooner il-ijlin, under command of Capt, Timothy 
White, be and the same with the officers and crew on board are hereby dis- 
chai^ed from the service of this State, and Capt, White is directed to deUver 
up said schooner and all the stores on board belonging to the continent to 
the agent for the continent, taking receipt ; and what stores are on board 
belonging to this State are to be delivered to. Brig' Gen' Silliman, or where 
he shall order the same. 

Voted, That Mr. Eoyal Flint of Windham ia appointed an Assistant 
Commissary with Mr. Elijah Hubbard appointed commissary of supplies and 
refreshments for the troops from this State in the continental army, with a 
captain's pay and rations to each of them whilst in camp, and necessary ex- 
pences to bo paid them in lieu of rations when in service out of the camp. 
N'ecessary horses to be provided by the State. 

Voted, That the pay and rations of the issuing commissaries of supplies 

and refreshments shall be nine pounds per month and two rations per diem. 

James Jones of Middletown is appointed to be one of the Issuing Com- 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONHECTICDT. 318 

miseariea of Supplies and KeireabmeDte to the troops from this State in 
continental Bervice. 

David Breed of Norwich is appointed to be one of the Issuing CommiB- 
saries of Supplies and Refreshments to the troops from this State in contin- 
ental service. 

The account of Capt. John Chenevard for one half the expence of build- 
ing the yard round Hartford goal, being £71 9 IJ, is allowed, and voted 
to draw on the Pay-Table for that sum £77 9 IJ- 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for the sum of £il 10 1, in favour of 
Mr. Blijaii Hubbard, it being the ballance of his account against the Stat* 
for a journey with a team to Salisbury. Order tP to Mr. Hosmer May 29^, 
1777. 

Voted, To give liberty to Capt. Smedley to consort with the privateer 
belonging to Thos. Muniford, Esq'', and others, in a cruise, or not as he 
pleases. 

May 29*", The Governor sent Cap. Smedley at Bedford viz : his commis- 
sion dated 25"' April, 1777, and sailing orders, and also three blank com- 
missions for him to fill up for subaltern officers, one of his lieutenants, via: 
Leads, being dead. Sent by from Hartford by who 

was present on business with Mr. Shaw. 

At a uketino of the Govebnok and Council of Safetty, Hartford, 
Mat SOth, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Wni. Pitkin, Benj. Huntington, l 

"Wm. Williams, "Wm. Hillhouae, I -p' r. 
Titua Hoamer, Dan' Sherman, j" ^^ ' 

Benj. Payne, Andrew Adams, J 

Voted, That this Council consent that Nath' Shaw jun'. Esq , may pur- 
chase of Col. Porter at Salisbury six pieces of his cannon, paying him (CoL 
Porter) for the same. 

Jabez Smith is appointed to be Surgeon's Mate in Col. Philip Burr Brad- 
ley's battalion in continental service. 

William Little jun' of Lebanon is appointed to be an Issuing Commissary 
of Supplies and Refreshments for the Connecticut troops in the continental 
service. 

James Davenport of Stamford is appointed to be an Issuing Commissary 
of Supplies and Refreshments for the Counecticut troops in the continental 
army. (w?to has since declined.) 

Ithamer Bingham is appointed to be an Issuing Commissary of Supplies 
and Refreshments for the Connecticut troops in the continental army. 

At a MiiTiNG OF THE GovEENOB AND COUNCIL or SAFEiy, Hartfobd. 
Mat 3l8T, 1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Wm. Pitkin, Benj. Payne, 

Wm. Williams, Beni. Huntington, 
Titus Hosmer, Wm. Hillhouse, 



Hosted by 



Google 



820 CODNCIL OP SAFETY [JuEB, 

Voted, To order the Pay-Tabie to receive and liquidate the account of 
Messrs. Smith and Coit, for sundry medicines delivered to Doct' Russell for 
the use of the axmy in the northern department, and draw on the Treasurer 
for the same and charge the coatinent. 

Voted, To give orders on the overseers of the cannon foundery, to sell 
to Dan' Tyler & Co. three cannon, three- pound era, taking the customary 
price for the same. Order given, d^ to Mr. Toiler. 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for fifteen hundred pounds, in favour 
of Ehenezer Ledyard, Esq', commissary of the troops at Groton, and to he 
in account. Order drawn May SI", 1777, d* to David Latham. 

Voted, That orders be giveu to Samuel Elliot jun', Esq', of Boston, agent 
to this State, to sell one hundred barrels of beef and pork and forty firkina 
of butter, taken in the prize now at Plymouth by the brig Defence, to the 
inhabitants of Plymouth at the lawful price for those articles in the State of 
the Massachus«ts Bay, to be accounted for according to sales. 

Voted, That one half of the militia at the forts at N. London and Groton 
be drawn off by lot and dismissed, and that the whole of the miUtia compa- 
nies at Stonington be likewise dismissed, and the officers at those posts are 
hereby directed to see that the same be done accordingly, 

WiUiam Seymour is appointed to be Lieutenant of the artillery company 
in Norwalk, and John Ben to be Lieutenant of the artillery company at 
Stamford. 

At a MBETINO OF THE GOVFENOE AND CoUNCIL OF SaPETY, HAETFORD, 

June 1st, 1777. 
Preset : His Honor the Governor. 
Abraham Davenport, "I 
Benj. Payne, | 

Benj. Huntington, y Esq". 
WiOiam Hillhouse, I 
Nath' Wales jnn', J 
Intelligence being received from Col. Burrell of the 14"" regiment of 
militia that an attack is apprehended at Tyconderoga and that troops are 
wanted for their assistance: Voted that the following orders should be 
given to Col, Burrell, viz : 

State op Connecticut. 
By the Captain General. 
Jo Charles Burrell, .Esq\ Colonel of the 1^^ regiment in this Stale, Greeting : 
Yours of yestorday with the copy of G«n' Poor's and Gen" Fellows' intel- 
ligence is received; and thereon you are hereby ordered, by advice of the 
Council of Safety, first deducting the overseers, clerk, moulders, fire-men, 
colliers, oar-diggere, and such others as are necessarily employed at the 
cannon foundery in Salisbury, forthwith to order the residue of the regi- 
ment under your command to be in readiness whenever called, and to 
draught one half of the same by rotation according to law with a suitable 
number of officers; see them armed, equipped and furnished with ammuni- 
tion, knafffiacks, blankets, and so much provision to carry with them as you 
shall judge necessary. In the meantime you are to send on an express to 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICCT. ■ 821 

gain intelligence, and 'tis left to you, on receiving intelligence, at your dis- 
cretion to march all or so many of them, either the half mentioned, more 
or lees, as the urgency of the case may require. 

Ar A Mkktinq op the Govbbnoe and Council of Safety, Junk 2", 1777. 
Present : Hia Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Wm. Pitkin, Benj. Huntington, " 

Titus Hosmer, Wm..Hillhouse, 

Benj. Payne, Nath' Wales jun', ] 

Voted and resolved, To give orders to the commanding ofEcers of the 
militia in service at New Haven, and the same is hereby given, to draught 
men sufficient for one company of ninety, including officers, from those in 
service there, and appoint the officers, to remain in service there imtill fur- 
ther orders, and that the rest of said militia be dismissed from that post. 

Voted, That the parole of Mr. Abraham Woodhull of Long Island, taken 
lately on board a vessell in the sound by the Schuyler sloop of war, now iu 
this town, shall be taken, that he will neither do or say anything against the 
United States of America or their interest, and to return to this State when 
called for, and that he be permitted to return to Long Island upon his giv- 
ing his parole as aforesaid. 

Rufus Backus Abel is appointed to be Paymaster of the battalion lately 
commanded by Jed*" Huntington, Esq', now Bri^ Gen' Huntington. 

At a meeting op the CfOVERNOK and Council op Safety, Hartford, Jdnb 3", 
1777. 
Present : His Honor the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Benj. Payne, 
Wm. Hillhouse, 
Andrew Adams, 
Benj. Huntington. 

Voted, That Col. Henry Champion be and he is hereby ordered to deliver 
to the selectmen of Saybrook eight barrels of beef and nine barrels of pork, 
for the use of the troops there in service, taking receipt. 

Voted,. That orders be and the same are hereby given to Capt. Veutris. 
commander of the troops at SayBrook, to draw'ofE fifty men by lot from the 
companies there, together with ofBcers in proportion, and dismiss them; and 
the rest to remain with a sufficient number of officers, formed into one com- 
pany, until further orders. 

On the representation of Messrs. Peter Vandervort and Richardson 
Sands that Mr. Thomas T. Jackson of N. York, lately taken on board an 
unarmed vessell going from N. York to Rhode Island, by a privateer 
belongii^ to Stonington, is desirous to come to Hartford and take a part 
with this country, and that he has in times pass'd been esteemed a warm 
friend to this country &o.; praying that he may have that Hberty under 
restrictions &c. r Voted and resolved by this Board, that said Thomas T, 
Jackson be permitted to come to Hartford in company with said Richardson 



Hosted by 



Google 



822 COUNCIL OF SAFETY [Jutie, 

Sands; and the committee at Stonington are hereby directed to suffer him, 
the said Jackson, to come with said Sands accordingly. 

Voted and resolved, To give orders to arrest "VVm. Stewart ol New Lon- 
don, as he is one of the owners of the vessel! [blank] commanded lately 
taken by the Schuyler, Capt. Hawley, going witli provision in to the enemy 
to New York, and that he be examined touching said vessell and cargo. 

Whereas Mr. p^eterj Colt of New Haven has supplied the militia troops 
at New Haven with rations belonging to the continent, which ought to have 
been supplied by this State ; Therefore voted and resolved, that this Board 
will indemnify and save the said Colt harmless and make good to him the 
supplies which he has afforded as aforesaid. 

Voted and resolved. To give orders to Capt. Wm. Ledyard and he is 
hereby ordered, to procure what necessary artillery stores he can, such as 
shot &c., if they can be had from the furnace, at the eastward, or otherwise. 

Mem. Juue 2", in Council of Safety, 1777. 

Voted, That orders be given and the same are hereby given to Mr. Samuel 
Elliot jun', agent to this State, to deliver to Capt. Robert Niles two of the 
cannon at Dartmouth or Bedford belonging to this State, for the use of the 
Spy, and that Capt, Niles have his choice of those cannon. 

At a MEETLK6 or THE GovEHNOR AND COUNCIL OF Safeiy, Hartfobd, 
JcNE 4th, 1777, 
Present .■ His Honor the Governor, 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Titus Hosmer, Nath' Wales, 

Benj. ^ayne, Dan' Sherman, 

Benj. Huntington, Andrew Adams, 
Wm. Hillhouse, 

Voted, To direct Capt, David Latham and he is hereby ordered, to u 
lade the salt and what other cargo is on board the vessell he lately arrived 
with at Boston and store the same there, and also unbend the sails and store 
them in a loft or otherwise, and lay up the vessel! under the care of some 
trusty person, using his prudence therein, until further orders, and discharge 
the people. 

Voted, That orders be and the same are hereby given to the overseers of 
the furnace, to supply such persons as apply to them for salt-pans as fast as 
they can consistently with the casting of cannon, which must not be inter- 
rupted : observing the order of the applications, that every one may have 
his turn. The overseers to set a reasonable price for such pans and receive 
the pay, to render their account. 

Voted, To refer the examination and adjustment of the furnace accounts 
for the last blast to a committee to be agreed on by this Board with Col. 
Joshua Porter the late overseer of the furnace; which committee are to 
hear, examine and state said accounts, and report the same to the Governor 
and Council of Safety. And Messrs. Andrew Adams and John Canfield are 
nominated by this Board to be of said committee, who together with Capt. 
Lynde Lord are agreed upon by Col. Porter; and they, or any two of them, 
are appointed and desired to take upon them the trust above mentioned. 

John Pelch of Canterbury, Sylves ten D earing of Middletown, and Nathan 
Preston of Woodbury, are appointed by this Board to be Issuing Commis- 



Esq". 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OF CONNECTICUT. 



-At a meeting of the Governor and Council or Safety, Jdne 5th, 1777. 
Present: His Honor the Grovernor. 
Abrabam Davenport, Wm. Hillhouse, 
Titus Hostner, Nath" Wales jnii', 

Benj. Payne, Dan" Sherman, 

Benj. Huntington, Andrew Adams, 

P. m., The Deputy Governor. 
Gen' Huntington. 
Considered of the accounts of Capt. Roberts in some particulars not 
■determined by the committee, and deducted 16». 6 from the charge of a 
horse three joutnies to Lebanon and Windham, £6 rendezvous at his 
house, and £21 18 1^ for rations, being £27 14 7^ in the whole to be 
deducted, and the remainder is allowed, the rations having been inserted by 
him since the committee considered the matter, so that £5 16 6 is deducted 
from their computation and allowed, £7 4 to be added for 2 journeys to 
N. London and expences. 

His Honor the Governor communicated a letter from Col. Meigs in press- 
ing terms for cloathing for his men, upon which is advised and concluded 
to be left for his Honor the Governor to write to the clothier general at 
Boston for supplies of that kind, and that a copy of Uol. Meigs's letter be 
sent to him inclosed. 

P. M. Lt. Stephen Betts is appointed Captain of a company in Col. 
■Charles Webb's battalion, instead of Capt. Nath' Goodwin deceas'd. Second 

Lieutenant Seth Weed is appointed First Lieutenant of the same company; 

Ensign Silas Benham is appointed Second Lieutenant oE the same company; 
-Serg'' Isaac Keeler is appointed Ensign of the same company. 

At a meetinq of the GovKRNoa Asn Council, of Safety, holden at 

Haetford on the 7th day of June, A.D. 1777. 

Present : His Excellency the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Gen' Jabez Huntington, T 
William Pitkin, I -p, 

Abr" Davenport, [ ^ 

Benj. Payne, J 

Also Daniel Sberman and Andrew Adams, Esq", P.M. 
Voted, That the ,ballance of Eliphalet Eoberta' (late captain of marines 
belonging to the ship Oliver Oromwell) account, being £126 5s. 2d. be paid 
Capt. William Coit as paymaster to said ship, and that the further sum of 
-one hundred pounds, lawful money, be paid to said Coit on account of said 
ship, and that a draft be made on the Pay-Table for the same. 

Order delivered to said Cent. 
This Board do appoint Isaac Swift to be Surgeon's Mate to Col. Heman 
-Swift's regiment. 



Hosted by 



Google 



324 COUNCIL OP 8APETT [June^ 

At a mbbtino of the Governob and Cotincil op Safety of the State 
OP Connecticut, on the 9th day op June, A.D. 1777. 
Present: Hia Excellency the Grovemor. 

His Honor the Uepiity Governor, 

Abr™ Davenport, Daniel Sherman, 

Gen' James Wsdsworth jun', Benj. PaynCj 

William Hilhouse, And" Adams, 

Voted and resolved by thu Board, That the managers of Salisbury furnace 

do (aa soon as they can) the making of cannon notwithstanding, furnish and 

cast for Mr. Moses Craft four salt-pans of as large a construction as may be, 

the larger the better; for which tliey are to receive of the said Craft at the 

rate of fifty shillings per hundred weight, and reader their account. 

Voted, That be and he is hereby authorized to receive to 

the amount of sixty bashells of the salt belonging to the State of Connecti- 
cut of the hands of the store keepers of said salt, giving his receipt for the 
same; and when received to be transported to Simabury for the use of said 
Simshury and towns adjacent so far as the same will hold out, according to 
the proportion hereafter to be made, and his Excellency the Governor is. 
requested to draw an order (or the same. 

Voted, That David Lawrey of Weathersfield be and he is hereby exempted 
from all future military service during the time he shaU be employed by this 
State in making gundocks. 

At a meetino op the Governob and Council of Safety, holden at 
Hartford in and fob the State of Connecticut, on the 
10th day op Jdnb, A.D. 1777. 
Present : His Excellency the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Abr"" Davenport, Benjamin Payne, 
Gen' Wadsworth, Nath' Wales Jun', 
Dan' Sherman, And" Adams, 

William Hilhouse, 

Benjamin Welles of Stanford be and he herehy is appointed an Issuing 
Commissary of Supplies and Refreshments to the Connecticut troops in 
continental service. 

Voted, That the Hon"" Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales jun' and Benja. 
Huntington, Esq™, or any two of them, be and they are hereby appointed a 
committee to adjust and settle with Capt. Wm. Coit all his accounts which 
relate to the ship Oliver Cromwell, the ofBcers and ship's crew on board the 
same, except the pay and wages of said officers and crew, which have been 
referr'd to Capt. John De Shon &c., a committee heretofore appointed for 
that purpose; and to observe that no clerical mistakes have happen'd therein; 
and also to call for, adjust and settle the accounts of Nath' Shaw, jun', Esq', 
against this State for the articles found and provisions made by him for said 
ship and crew, and for all his demands against this State on account of said 
ship, and his service in every respect; and report make to this Board. 

Voted, To lend to Coll. Matthew Talcott of Middletowu three swivel 
guns, four dozen swivel-gun shot, with a wormer and ladle, now at Newlon- 
don in the care of Nath" Shaw jun'. Esq', agreeable to his request by letter 
on file dated S"" June, 1777, in which he agrees to be accountable for the 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP" COKNECTICCT. 825 

«ame; and the said Mr. Shaw is herety directed to deliver the same to said 
Coll. Talcott accordingly, taking his receipt therefor. 

Voted, That the Committee of Pay -Table be and they are hereby directed 
to draw an order on the Treasurer in favour of Capt. Wm. Coit for the a«m 
of two hundred pounds towards the pay and wages of the officers and crew 
-of the ship Oliver Cromwell. 

Eodem die, order drawn and delivered to Capt. CoiL 

Liberty is granted to John Pagan, a sergeant in the 55*'' regiment, now 
a prisoner of war in Hartford, to go to Newyork in order to procure cloath- 
ing &c. for the prisoners of war belonging to sundry regiments, upon his 
proper parole not to say or do anything in any manner to the prejudice or 
detriment of this or any of the United States of America, and to return in 
sixteen days from the date of his parole; and that he be furnished with a 
proper passport accordingly. 

Voted, That Timo. Keyes be authorized to receive of the store-keepers of 
■salt belonging to the State of Connecticut now at Bcston, the quantity of 
thirty bushells of salt for the use of the inhabitants of the town and county 
of Westmoreland; and his Excellency the Governor is desired to draw an 
■order for the same accordingly, the said Eeyes having paid the sum of fif- 
teen pounds for said salt to Benja. Payne, Esq', by order of this Board. 
Order drawn and if to said Keyes. 

On. return of Capt. Eben'' Heath of Willington, certifying the choice of 
Serg' Jedidiah Amidown to be duly chosen a Captain of the 10'" military 
■comilany in the 22" regiment of militia in this State, and Serg' Richard Pearl 
to he duly chosen a Lieutenant in said company, who are hy this Board estab- 
lished in the several offices to which they are respectively certifyed to be chosen. 

At a meetino of the G-ovbbkor ant Council of Safbti holdkn at EC^kt- 

FOED IN AND FOR THE StaTE OF CONNECnoUTT ON THE IItH DAY 

OF June, A.D. 1777. 
Present : His Excellency the Governor. 

His Honour the Deputy Governor. 
Abr™ Davenport, Benjamin Payne, 1 

Dan" Sherman, Gen' Wadsworth, ( j;g„ca 

Nath" Wales jun', Titus Hosmer, / ^ 

William Hilhouse, And" Adams, J 

Upon the request of Jesse Brown of Norwich, shewing to this Board 
that he has been'employed as a post rider, by means whereof he has not had 
opportunity to supply himself with cloathing or with the necessary materials 
for manufacturing the same ; praying for liberty to purchase a quantity of 
flax belonging to this State, now in the hands of Mr. James Church of Hari^ 
ford &c.: Whereupon it is resolved by this Board, that the said Brown be 
permitted to receive of the said Church one hundred weight of said flax at 
the price of lOd. per pound, with the incident charges that have arisen 
thereon. Order d* to said Br&wn. 

Voted, That the painters colours belonging to this State, now at Boston, 
he brought into this State, to be disposed of as occasion may require. 

Voted, That the non-commission officers and soldiers already raised and 
■station'd on the sea-coast in this State, who are desirous of inlisting into the 
two battalions now raising in the same, be permitted to inlist accordingly ; 



Hosted by 



Google 



826 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [June^ 

and that upon their so inlisting and furnishing themselves according to the 
provision naade in the act of Assembly past for the raising said two battalions, 
they be paid off their wages &c. to the time of their inlistment exclusive of any 
bounty, and that they be thereupon intitled to the same bounty, wages fee., 
and be in all respects under the same regulations as the non- commission 
ofBcers and soldiers in said two battalions ; and in case they shall not incline 
to inlist themselves anew, they are to be holden on their present inlistmenta. 

On return of Reuben Rose, captain of the eleventh military company in 
the second regiment of militia in this State, of the choice of Mr. Edward 
Mulford to be Ensign of said company, in consequence of orders from his. 
Excellency the Governor : Resolved by this Ikiard, that tie said Edward 
Mnlford be and he is hereby established an Ensign in said company. 

Voted, That the aecount this day exhibited by Colo. Elderkin and Esq' 
Wales, respecting the powder-mill at Windham, to the 9''' day of June, 1777, 
be approved ; by which there appears to be a ballance due to them of £758 
Zs. Td,; and that the Committee of Paytable be directed to draw an order 
on the Treasurer for the same. Oier delivered Esq' Wales. 

At a meeting of the Governor and Council of Safety holden at 
Hartford in and fob tee State of Connbcticdtt on the 12th 
DAY op June, A.D. 1777. 
Present: His Excellency the Governor. 

His Honour the Deputy Governor. 
Abr" Davenport, Eenja. Pain, "j 

Titus Hosmer, Nath" Wales jun', I 

Gen' Wadsworth, And'' Adams, ( 

Dan' Sherman, J 

Voud, That a captain's commission be granted to Billiard of Stratford, 
who commanded a company and did the duty of a captain in a battalion 
commanded by Colo. Samuel Whiting in one of the four battalions ordered 
to be raised in this State in November last: said commission to bear date 
the 2'' day of Dec', 1776. 

Voted, That the same pay and wages be granted to the officers and soldiers 
in the several companies of matrosses now in the service of this State or 
raising in the same for the particular defence thereof, as is allow'd by Con- 
gress to the officers of equal rank and privates in the companies of matrosses 
in continental service. 

Upon the memorial of Joseph Bull, now resident in Hartford, s 
to this board that he has effecte of considerable value in Westchester ii 
State of Newyork, praying for liberty to go to Westchester in order to 
secure the same &c., as per memorial: Resolved by this Board, that thfr 
memoriahst have liberty and the same is hereby granted him, to go to said 
Westchester in order to secure his effects as pray'd for ; upon his proper 
parole for that purpose to be taken by his Excellency the Governor, who is 
hereby requested to take the same and grant him a passport for that purpose 
accordingly, for such reasonable tinie as to his Excellency may seem proper. 
Whereas Mr. Thos. Bidwell, who some time past contracted to supply 
thia State with a quantity of sulphur to be manufactured in the same, in 
which contract the time of two years was limited for performing the same, and 
was to have been supplyed with proper materials by this State for the purpose 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 327 

of manufacturing the same, which contract has not been able to be performed 
on the part of thiB State, by means whereof the said BidweU has been at 
much expence, and the time agreed upon very much elaps'd ; whereupon 
the General Assembly in October last lengthened out said time and made 
some reasonable allowance to the said Bidwell for his expence to that time 
and referr'd the further execution of said contract to this Board: and said 
materials not having yet been procured and the said Bidwell having been 
put to further expence and loss of time : Whereupon it is resolved by this 
Board, that the time of two years be allow'd to the said Bidwell for performing 
hia said contract from the time of his receiving said materials, and that he 
be allow'd for his time and expences since the allowance made by said Assem- 
bly in the same proportion and according to the same rule as was allow'd by 
said Assembly; and he having exhibited his account thereof to this Board, 
amounting to the sum of £89 Us. Od., which is allow'd and approv'd, and 
the Committee of Paytable is hereby directed to draw on the T.'reasurer for 
said sum accordingly. Order for the above sam deliver'd Mr. Hosmer. 

Voted, That the man^;ers of the furnace at Salisbury be and they are 
hereby directed without loss of time, to make and cast as many iron pots and 
receivers for Mr. Thomas Bidwell, to be used for manufacturing sulphur, as 
he shall request, agreeable to an act of Assembly past for that purpose. 

At a meetenq or the Goveenob and Council of Safety holden at 
Haetford in and for the State of Connkcticutt on the 
13th day op June, A.D. 1777. 
Present: His Excellency the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Abr™ Davenport, Benja. Payne, 1 

Gen' Wadswortii, Dan' Sherman, > Esq". 

Titus Hosmer, And* Adaras, ) 

Upon the application of the authority, selectmen and committee of in- 
spection, in [and] for the town of Killings worth, representing to this Board 
that Jolm 'Wilcocks and James Ward, both of Killingworth, who were some 
time since sent to the town of Wilhngton as persons dangerous and un- 
friendly to this State &c., have manifested their repentance and discovered 
a more friendly disposition ; praying that they might be permitted to return 
home &c.: Whereupon it is resolved by this Board, that the said John Wil- 
cocke and James Ward, upon their severally taking the oath of fidelity pro- 
vided by law, be releas'd from their present confinement at Willington and 
permitted to return to Killingworth, to remain under the direction of the 
civil aiitliority and selectmen and committee of inspection in said town of 
Killingworth, 

Voted, That the Commissaries Hubbard and Flint be and they are hereby 
directed (either by themselves or such other persons as they may think proper 
to employ for that purpose) to purchase one hundred tuns of flour for the 
use and at the expence of this State, and to cause the same, or such part 
thereof as may be in their power, to be transported to Hartford and 
such other places as may be hereafter directed, by the returning teams em- 
ployed by this State in transporting refreshments &c. to the continental 
army, giving advice from time to time of their proceedings in the premises. 
Whereas the General Assembly at their sessions in May last past a resolve 



Hosted by 



Google 



S28 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [June, 

that the ofBcers and soldiers belonging to this State, who were ingaged ia 
the continental army in the year 1776 should be intitled to the same pro- 
visions and allowance for their losses, expences &c,, in the same ma,oner and 
under the same regulations, as had been granted and allow'd in the premises 
to the officers and soldiers in the new levies and mOitia, and directed the 
Committee of the Pay-Table to receive and adjust their accounta, draw 
orders, ie.; which committee now inform this Board, that they are advised 
that the Hon*'^ Continental Congress have made provision for paying said 
continental officers and soldiers ail the wages due to them and for all such 
fire-arms as they have lost, and have already paid in those cases where appli- 
cation has been made ; by means whereof there is danger of double payment 
being made in many instances and thereby great loss happen to this State; 
requesting the advice of this Board in the premises : Resolved by this Board, 
that it is advisable for said committee to suspend all payments to said officers 
and soldiers for their wages or amis until they can be fully advised of the 
proceeding of the Congress relative thereto, so as to give a rule to said com- 
mittee how to proceed with safety to this State; and that said committee 
take care in such way as they judge proper to save such sums as they may 
have already paid to any of the said officers or soldiers. 

An account was exhibited by Nath' Wales jiin', Esq', for sundry services 
and disbursements for this State by order of this Board, amounting in the 
whole to the sum of £22 8s. Id., which being examined and allowed, an 
order was drawn on the Committee of Pay-Table for the same accordingly 
and delivered to Esq' "Wales. 

The selectmen of Milford exhibited an account to this Board for sundry 
services and disbursements expended in taking care of the fort &c. in said 
Milford, amountdng in the whole to the sum of sis pounds seven shillings 
and six pence, which being examin'd and allow'd an order is drawn on the 
Pay-Table for the same accordingly and delivered to Esq' Pain of Hartford. 

Upon the request of William Witter, belonging to Hackinsack in the 
Jersey, shewing to this Board that while he was going after a doctor for 
his wife, who was dangerously sick, he was taken by the adherents to the 
King of Great Britain and compell'd to stand upon guard where he was re- 
taken by the troops belonging to the United States, and from thence 
brought to Weathersfleld in this State, where he ia now held as a prisoner 
of war and is in a very ill state of health; praying for liberty to return 
home &c.: Resolved by this Board, that the said Witter be and he is hereby 
permitted to return home to his family, and his Excellency the Governor is 
desired to grant him a passport for that purpose accordingly. 

The commissaries appointed to purchase refreshments in the several 
counties having returned to his Excellency the Governor that they cannot 
purchase any West India goods for the use of said troops in their respective 
countys, and this Board being inform'd that there are large quantities of 
West India goods in the hands of sundry persons in the countys of Hartford, 
Newhaven, Newlondon and Windham : Voted and resolved, that his Excel- 
lency the Governor be desired to issue his warrants to the sheriffs and other 
proper officers in said countys, commanding them to impress and take from 
such persons in said countys in whose hands the same may be found the 
several kinds and quantities of "West India goods underwritten, and the 
same deliver to Elijah Hubbard of Middletown in Hartford county, commis- 
sary of supplys for said troops, taking his receipt; and that they make 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICOT. 329 

speedy return, tliat proper orders may be given to the owners of such 
, goods tie prices and value of the same as limited by law, viz : 

Rum. Sugar. Molasaea. Coffee. 

In Hartford county, 10 hhds. 20 hhds. 40 hhds. , 7000/6, 

New Haven county, 4 hhds. 10 hhds, 30 hhds. 3000 Zi. 

New London county, 6 do. 10 do. 20 do. 5000 do. 

Windham county, 6 do. 10 000 do. 

Voted, That an order be given to Mr. Adam Babcock to receive fifty 
barrells of beef and pork belonging to this State that are now at Bedford in 
the State of the Massachusetts Bay, for the ship Fanny, in return for sundry 
articles furnish'd to sundry privateers &c. belonging to this State. 
I Upon application of George PolHot of Ridgfield, representing that he 
had been committed to Fairfield goal as a person inimical to the rights of 
America &c. in order for his tryal before the superior court; that before the 
sitting of said court he procured bail for his a,ppearance and retum'd home, 
soon after; and that before the session of said court he was bro't before the 
Assembly's committee as a dangerous person and by them recommitted to 
Fairfield goal, where he was confined till aft«r the session of said superior 
court, when nothing appearing against him be was inform'd by his council 
that he was dismiss'd from said prosecution before said court but must he 
held in custody by virtue of the mittimus of said committee ■until regularly 
dismiss'd, and declaring his friendliness to the American cause and hig will- 
ingness to take the oath of fidelity, to take up arms &c.; praying for a liber- 
ation from his imprisonment in Hartford goal where he is now confined, 
having been removed from Fairfield : Resolved by this Board, that the said 
George Foliot (upon his paying all the cost of his prosecution and confine- 
ment and taking the oath of fidelity prescribed by law) be liberated and dis- 
charged from his present imprisonment by virtue of the mittimus granted 
by said Assembly's committee. 

Voted, That the commissarys appointed to purchase necessary refresh- 
ments for the supply of the troops from this State in the several countys he and 
they are hereby directed to purchase for the use of said troops witiiin their 
respective districts, as large quantities of the following articles as may lie in 
theirpower, viz: Rum, New England and West India, muscovado sugar, 
molasses, coffee, chocolate, cheese, tobacco, woolen cloaths for vests and 
breeches, Hnen shirting, tow-cloath, shoes, stockings, yam and linen, felt 
hats, one pipe of wine, madeira, lisbon or canary, in each county. 

At a meeting of his Excellency the Govbrnob and the Council of 
Safety held at Lebanon, June 20th, 1777. 
Present : His Excellency the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
The Hon. Jabez Huntington. 
Titus Hosmer, Nath' Wales jun'. 

Thad' Burr, Benj. Huntington. 

Voted, That the overseers of the furnace at Salisbury sell and deliver to 
Captain Hezekiah Huntington of Windham, or his order, one tun of pig ■(" 
iron at the customary price, as soon as they conveniently can, without inter- 
rupting such orders as are already given them for other purposes. 

Order for the above deliveT'd to Copt. Bz. Humimgton. 



Hosted by 



Google 



880 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [June, 

Voted, To draw on the Pay-Table for fifteen hundred pounds, in favour 
of Mr. Andrew Huntington, for the purchase of cloathing and mounting can- 
non for this State, and to be in account. 

OrdtT drawn June 20''', d' io Gen' Huntingion. 



At a meeting of the Governor and Codncil of Safety, June 21", 1777. 
• PTesent : His Excellency the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Hon' Jabez Huntington, Nath' Wales jun', 1 

Titus Hosmer, Benj Huntington, V Esq". 

Thaddeus Burr, ) 

It being represented to this Board on the behalf of Mary Codwise of the 
State of New York, that Ezekiel Williams, Esq', sherifi of Hartford county, 
hath impressed and taken seven hogsheads of sugar, being her property, for 
the use of this State, by virtue ot a, warrant from his Excellency the Gov- 
ernor, which was about to be transported to the State of New York for the 
use of the inhabitants of said State, agreeable to the encouragement given 
by his Excellency the Governor to the Convention of the State of New York 
aforesaid : Thereupon voted and resolved, that the said Sheriff Williams be 
and he is directed to release to said Mary Codwise the seven hogsheads of 
sugar aforesaid, and that he proceed with hia said warrant and impress the 
quantity of West India, goods therein mentioned from such inhabitant* and 
residents in the county of Hartford in whose custody and possession the 
same may be found, unless the same or any part thereof may be procured 
by purchase at the lawful prices; and in the execution of said warrant the 
sheriff is directed to take said goods in an equal and rateable proportion 
from the owners and possessors as he can, according to the information and 
knowledge he hath of the quantities of said articles they severally have in 
their possession and custody. C<^y if to Sheriff' Williams June SI", 1777. 



i OF THE GOVKHNOK AND COUNCIL OF SafETT HELD IN LEBA- 
NON THE '23d OP June, A.D. 1777. 
Present: His Excellency the Governor. 

His Honor the Deputy Governor. 
Jabez Huntington, 1 
Wm. Hillhouse, I ij.„_„ 

Thaddeus Burr, and f ^^ * 
Titus Hosmer, J 

This Board do appoint Jabez Clark of Lebanon to be one of the Issuing 
Commissaries to the battalions raised in this State for continental service for 
the term of three years or during the war. 

Voted, That hia Excellency the Governor be and he is desired to sign an 
order to Samuel EHott, Esq., agent for this State in the State of Massachu- 
setts, to deliver to Capt. William Hubbard twenty barrells of beef and pork 
in hia hands belonging to this State, taking his receipt for the same, and to 
advise the proportion of each sort that he shall deliver — the same being in 
exchange for an equal quantity of pork and beef to be delivered by said 
Capt. Hubbard at Norwich for the use of this State. 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT. 331 

Voted, That the overaeers of the Salisbury furnace deliver to the select- 
men of Norwalk, Stanford and Greenwich, for each of said towns, one 
hundred round shot, suitable for their field-piecea, and grape shot propor- 
tionable thereto, taking their receipts for the same. 

Ichabod Bozworth of Lebanon is appointed a First Lieutenant in Colo, 
John Ely's battalion now raising in this State, in the room of Ebenezer West 



This Board do appoint Ebenezer West of Lebanon to be Adjutant of, 
Colo. John Ely's battalion now raising in this State for defence of the sea- 
coasts and frontiers thereof. 

At a MEETDJ& OF THE GOVERNOR AND Council or Safety held in Lebanon 
THE 24th day or June, A.D. 1777, 
Present : His Excellency the Governor. 
Wm. Hillhouse, "] 

Titus Hosraer, I f, 

Thaddeus Burr, P^l ' 

James Wadsworth jun', J 
Voted, That an order be drawn on Mr. Chaiincey Whittlesey of Middle- 
town, one of the purchasing commissaries, in favour of Mr. Aaron Corn- 
stock, quarter mMter of Colo. Chandler's regiment, for one hundred flannel 
shirts for the use of said regiment. The order drawn accordingly. 

This Board do appoint Mr. David Holmes of Woodstock to be Surgeon 
to the battalion commanded by John Chandler, Esq', colonel. 

At a meeting op the Governor and Council of Safety held in Lebanon 
THE 25th day or June, A.D. 1777. 
Present: His Elxcellency the Governor. 
Hon"* Jabez Huntington, Titus Hosmer, J 

Dan" Sherman, Thaddeus Burr, [■ Esq". 

Wm. Hillhouse, Jas. Wadsworth jun', ) 

Voted, That Mr, George PhiUips of Middletown and company be per- 
mitted to transport out of this State one thousand bushels of rye and indian 
corn to the port of Bedford or some port adjacent thereto in the State of 
the Massachusets Bay, to purchase salt for the inhabitants in this State. 

Voted and resolved. That on Mr, George Phillips and company's delivering 
at Middletown by the P' day of August next any quantity of good wheat 
flour, not exceeding twenty barrels, and any quantity of good pork or beef 
for the use of this State, not exceeding thirty barrels, his Excellency the 
Governor be desired to give an order to said PhilUps and company to receive 
an equal quantity of flour and pork and beef so delivered belonging to this 
State, to be delivered by Mr. Samuel Eliot of Boston. 

At a meeting of the Govehnoh and Council of Safety holden in Lebanon, 
26Te DAY OF JoNE, A.D. 1777. 
Present .- His Excellency the Govctww. 
Hon'''^ Jabez Huntington, Wm. Hillhouse, 1 

Dan" Sherman, Thaddeus Burr, i Esq". 

Titus Hosmer. Jas. Wadsworth jun^, ) 



Hosted by 



Google 



882 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [June, 

On appUcation made to this Board by the Council of Safety of tbe State 
of New York, that Doct' Piatt Townsend and the inhabitants of the State oi 
New York be allowed to erect works in this State for the manufacturing 
salt, and to transport the same out of this State : Voted and resolved, that 
the said Docf Piatt Townsend, or any of the inhabitants of the State of New 
York, have liberty to erect works within this State for manufacturing salt 
and the same to transport out of this State: Always provided, they 
shall not be intituled to any premium granted by the General Assembly to 
the manufacturers of salt within this State, 

On the petition of Ralph Isaacs of New Haven, now confined to the first 
society in Wallingford, praying he may have liberty to reside at his farm in 
Branford &c.; It is considered and ordered by this Board, that he be 
removed to his farm at Branford under the direction of the civil authority 
and selectmen of Branford, under such regulations and restrictions as were 
given concerning him at Eastbury by the General A^embly in October last. 
Copy (f Capt. Eliakim Ball 

On the representation of Jobn Mulford, Esq', of Long Island, now resi- 
dent in Stonington, shewing he is very infirm, has no means of support 
in this State, that he has an estate on Long Island and is desirous to return 
with his family and some stock, for the recovery of his health and support of 
his family &c.: Voted and ordered, that the said John Mulford, Esq'', 
and wife be permitted to return to Long Island, taking with them one horse 
and one cow. Copy t? Esg'^. M-ulford's grandson. 

Voted, That the overseers of the furnace at Salisbury deliver one hun- 
dred round four-pound shot, with grape shot in proportion, to the selectmen 
of Guilford. Order given June 26"', 1777, ^ to Gen. Ward. 

Voted, That the owners of the powder-mill in New Haven deliver to the 
selectmen of Guilford one hundred and fifty pound weight of cannon-powder. 
Order given June f6", 1777, d* to Gen. Ward. 

Voted by this Board, That Mr. John Cornwill of New Haven be permitted 
to transport from this State to the port of Bedford, or some port adjacent 
thereto in the State of the Massachusets Bay, seven barrels pork, seven 
barrels of beef and six barrels of flour, and one hundred pound weight of 
flax, for the purpose of procuring salt for the inhabitants of this State. 

June S6"', permil d^ to Sam' Gill. 

On application made to this Board : Voted and ordered, that Mr. John 
"Wells jun' of Glastenbury be permitted to transport by water from this 
State to the port of Dartmouth in the State of the Massachusets Bay thirty 
barrels of pork and five barrels of flour, ten barrels of the pork and said five 
barrels of fiour to be laden on board a boat, James Skifl master, and twenty 
barrels of the pork to be laden on board a schooner, Israel Williams master, 
to be transported for the purpose of procuring salt for the inhabitants of 
said town of Glastenbury. Jime B&*, 1777, permit d'' John Wells jun'. 

At a meeting of the Goveenoe and Council or Safety held in Lebanon, 
June 27th day, A.D. 1777. 
Present : His Excellency the Governor. 
Hon"'' Jabez Huntington, T 
Wm. Hillhouae, j 

Dan" Sherman, J- Esq", 

Titus Hoamer, | 

Jas, "Wadsworth inn', J 



Hosted by 



Google 



1777.] OP CONNECTICUT, 3S8 

David Holmes is appointed to be Physician and Surgeon to Col. Joha 
Chandler's battalion in the continental service. 

Voted and resolved, That Dancan Stewart, Esq', late collector of the 
customs at New London, be permitted to remove his family and servants to 
New York, for the purpose of proceeding from thence to London, taking 
with him a white woman with her two sons, young boys, his furniture and 
Doct' Moffatts, also a milch cow for the benefit of his children on their 
passage. Permit d' June 27'^, 1777. 

Voted and ordered, That Mr, Francis Bayard Winthrop, now on hoard the 
sloop Umrm in New London harbour, a flag from New York, be permitted 
to proceed from said sloop by water to the dwelling-house of Mr. John 
Winthrop and continue in said house and on "Winthrop's Neck, so called, 
until said flag shall return, and return by water from said Neck on board 
said flag. Permit d'' June 27^, 1777. 

Voted hy this Board, That Duncan' Stewart, Esq', be permitted to land 
from the sloop Union, a flag now lying near the light house at the town of 
New London, three or six packages containing necessaries for sundry persons, 
subject to the inspection of the gent" selectmen of New London, and to dis- 
pose of them as he shall see fit under their inspection. 

Permit d" June 27"*, 1777. 

On the 26"' of June A,D. 1777, the following vote was passed, viz: 

Voted and resolved, That the overseers of the furnace at Salisbury remove 
the mill erected for boring of cannon to some more convenient place. 

Voted, That Mr. Andrew Huntington be directed to deliver to Wm. 
Lack one barrel of pork and one barrel of beef, in addition to what he has 
received, belonging to this State in his custody, and deduct the price of the 
same out of said Lack's bill for mounting field-pieces, and credit the 
State accordingly. Order d' to Lack June ^7"". 1777. 

The following directions given to Mr. Shaw on the request of Duncan 
Stewart, Esq', vtx : To Nath" Shaw, Esq', Sir : At Mr. Stewart's desire 
you are directed to assist him in some way safe to this State to have the 
sloop Union navigated to the wharf at New London by some of our people, 
while the people who came in her are kept below in some other vessel until 
the Union returns to them again, which is to be done with all convenient 
speed and she dispatched. And if Mr. Stewart hath some other articles he 
cannot conveniently carry with him in the Union, Mr. Shaw is permitted 
to carry them under the' inspection of the selectmen of New London in the 
next flag he sends. All to be done at the expence of Mr. Stewart. 

Given at Lebanon the 27"" June, 1777. 

This Board do appoint Mr. Noah Colman of Lebanon to be Surgeon to 
the battalion commanded by Charles Webb, Esq', colonel, in the room of 
Doct' Cogswell resigned. 

At a meetiko of the Govkrnob and Council of Safety, holden in 
Lebanon, June 28th, A.D. 1777. 
Resent: His Excellency the Governor. 
Hon'* Jabea Huntington, "| 
Dan" Sherman, | 

Titus Hoamer, j- Esq". 

Wm. Hillhouse, 
Jas. Wadsworth jun', J 



Hosted by 



Google 



834 COUNCIL OP SAFETY [June, 

Voted and resolved, That Mr. David Trumbull be desired to procure a 
waggon or ox-team to proceed immediately to Boston to transport from 
thence in the most direct road to the army a quantity of shirts for the use of 
the ^soldiers. 

Voted and ordered the oEBcers of the militia at New London and Groton 
under the command of Brig' Gen' Tyler be directed to make up their pay- 
rolls until! Wednesday next inclusive, and that at evening on Wednesday 
next they be dismissed from their present service. Orders sent to Gen' Tyler 
Ju,ne28'\ 1777. 

Whereas it often times has and may again happen that the several arti- 
cles of the rations allowed to the troops in the continental service have not 
nor can conveniently be supplyed to the militia, who have or shall be called 
forth for the defence of the sea coasts in this State, and in many cases 
would not be agreeable to the soldiery : "Voted and resolved, that there be 
allowed to each non-commission officer and soldier of the militia who hath 
or shall be called forth for the defence of the sea coasts or guards, in iien of 
rations granted by the Genera! Assembly, one pound of bread or flour, 
twelve ounces of pork or one pound of beef, and three pence one farthing 
per diem, and when the other several articles of sauce &c. cannot be supplied 
by the commissary, and in case of deficiency of any of those articles, to be 
aUowed therefor in the following proportion per week viz : 
Deficiency of Pease, £0 3^ 

Butter, 34 

Milk, lo| 

Molasses, 4| 

Indian meal, 0^ 
Copy sent to Capt. Deslion June 25", 1777. 
Voted and resolved, That no fatigue rhum be delivered to the troops sta- 
tioned at any post in this State except by an order in writing from the com- 
manding officer there. Copy sent to Capt. Deskon June SS"^, 1777. 

Voted and resolved, That the Co